Paul Knekt

Summary

Affiliation: National Public Health Institute
Country: Finland

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Homocysteine and major coronary events: a prospective population study amongst women
    P Knekt
    Department of Nutrition and Department of Health and Disability, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    J Intern Med 249:461-5. 2001
  2. ncbi request reprint Hyperhomocystinemia: a risk factor or a consequence of coronary heart disease?
    P Knekt
    National Public Health, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Arch Intern Med 161:1589-94. 2001
  3. ncbi request reprint Flavonoid intake and risk of chronic diseases
    Paul Knekt
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:560-8. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint Helicobacter pylori IgA and IgG antibodies, serum pepsinogen I and the risk of gastric cancer: changes in the risk with extended follow-up period
    Paul Knekt
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Cancer 119:702-5. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint Quercetin intake and the incidence of cerebrovascular disease
    P Knekt
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 54:415-7. 2000
  6. ncbi request reprint Randomized trial on the effectiveness of long-and short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy and solution-focused therapy on psychiatric symptoms during a 3-year follow-up
    P Knekt
    Social Insurance Institution, Helsinki, Finland
    Psychol Med 38:689-703. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of short-term and long-term psychotherapy on work ability and functional capacity--a randomized clinical trial on depressive and anxiety disorders
    Paul Knekt
    Social Insurance Institution, Helsinki, Finland
    J Affect Disord 107:95-106. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint Risk of colorectal and other gastro-intestinal cancers after exposure to nitrate, nitrite and N-nitroso compounds: a follow-up study
    P Knekt
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Cancer 80:852-6. 1999
  9. ncbi request reprint Serum vitamin D and subsequent occurrence of type 2 diabetes
    Paul Knekt
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Health and Functional Capacity, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Epidemiology 19:666-71. 2008
  10. ncbi request reprint Antioxidant vitamins and coronary heart disease risk: a pooled analysis of 9 cohorts
    Paul Knekt
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1508-20. 2004

Detail Information

Publications89

  1. ncbi request reprint Homocysteine and major coronary events: a prospective population study amongst women
    P Knekt
    Department of Nutrition and Department of Health and Disability, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    J Intern Med 249:461-5. 2001
    ..To study serum homocysteine concentration for its prediction of major coronary heart disease events amongst women...
  2. ncbi request reprint Hyperhomocystinemia: a risk factor or a consequence of coronary heart disease?
    P Knekt
    National Public Health, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Arch Intern Med 161:1589-94. 2001
    ..Mild hyperhomocystinemia has been suggested as an indicator of an increased risk of cardiovascular disease...
  3. ncbi request reprint Flavonoid intake and risk of chronic diseases
    Paul Knekt
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:560-8. 2002
    ..Flavonoids are effective antioxidants and may protect against several chronic diseases...
  4. ncbi request reprint Helicobacter pylori IgA and IgG antibodies, serum pepsinogen I and the risk of gastric cancer: changes in the risk with extended follow-up period
    Paul Knekt
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Cancer 119:702-5. 2006
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Quercetin intake and the incidence of cerebrovascular disease
    P Knekt
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 54:415-7. 2000
    ..To study the relation between intake of the antioxidant flavonoid quercetin and subsequent incidence of cerebrovascular disease (CVA)...
  6. ncbi request reprint Randomized trial on the effectiveness of long-and short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy and solution-focused therapy on psychiatric symptoms during a 3-year follow-up
    P Knekt
    Social Insurance Institution, Helsinki, Finland
    Psychol Med 38:689-703. 2008
    ..The present trial compares the effectiveness of one long-term therapy and two short-term therapies in the treatment of mood and anxiety disorders...
  7. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of short-term and long-term psychotherapy on work ability and functional capacity--a randomized clinical trial on depressive and anxiety disorders
    Paul Knekt
    Social Insurance Institution, Helsinki, Finland
    J Affect Disord 107:95-106. 2008
    ..Insufficient evidence exists about the effect of different therapies on work ability for patients with psychiatric disorders. The present study compares improvements in work ability in two short-term therapies and one long-term therapy...
  8. ncbi request reprint Risk of colorectal and other gastro-intestinal cancers after exposure to nitrate, nitrite and N-nitroso compounds: a follow-up study
    P Knekt
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Cancer 80:852-6. 1999
    ..Our results are in line with the idea that N-nitroso compounds can induce colorectal cancer in humans...
  9. ncbi request reprint Serum vitamin D and subsequent occurrence of type 2 diabetes
    Paul Knekt
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Health and Functional Capacity, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Epidemiology 19:666-71. 2008
    ..Although the epidemiologic evidence is scarce, 2 recent studies have suggested an association. The present study investigated the relation of serum vitamin D with type 2 diabetes incidence using pooled data from these 2 cohorts...
  10. ncbi request reprint Antioxidant vitamins and coronary heart disease risk: a pooled analysis of 9 cohorts
    Paul Knekt
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1508-20. 2004
    ..Epidemiologic studies have suggested a lower risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) at higher intakes of fruit, vegetables, and whole grain. Whether this association is due to antioxidant vitamins or some other factors remains unclear...
  11. doi request reprint Fish consumption and the incidence of cerebrovascular disease
    Jukka Montonen
    Department of Health and Functional Capacity, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, FIN 00300, Helsinki, Finland
    Br J Nutr 102:750-6. 2009
    ..The relationship between fish consumption and stroke risk is not straightforward. How the fish is prepared for consumption may play an important role, affecting the association...
  12. ncbi request reprint Reduced risk of Parkinson's disease associated with lower body mass index and heavy leisure-time physical activity
    Katri Sääksjärvi
    Department of Health, Functional Capacity and Welfare, National Institute for Health and Welfare, P O Box 30, 00271, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Epidemiol 29:285-92. 2014
    ..The results support the hypothesis that lifestyle factors predict the occurrence of Parkinson's disease, but more research is needed...
  13. ncbi request reprint Dietary antioxidant intake and risk of type 2 diabetes
    Jukka Montonen
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Health and Functional Capacity, Helsinki, Finland
    Diabetes Care 27:362-6. 2004
    ..The intake of antioxidants was studied for its ability to predict type 2 diabetes...
  14. ncbi request reprint Secular changes in disability among middle-aged and elderly Finns with and without coronary heart disease from 1978-1980 to 2000-2001
    Anna Kattainen
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Health and Functional Capacity, Helsinki, Finland
    Ann Epidemiol 14:479-85. 2004
    ..To examine time trends in the prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD) and disability...
  15. doi request reprint The relative importance of modifiable potential risk factors of type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis of two cohorts
    Maarit A Laaksonen
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Epidemiol 25:115-24. 2010
    ..01). In conclusion, modification of lifestyle factors apparently reduces type 2 diabetes risk, especially in persons with normal blood pressure...
  16. doi request reprint Vitamin D status and the risk of lung cancer: a cohort study in Finland
    Annamari Kilkkinen
    Department of Health and Functional Capacity, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, FI 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:3274-8. 2008
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration and subsequent risk of type 2 diabetes
    Catharina Mattila
    National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Diabetes Care 30:2569-70. 2007
  18. ncbi request reprint Vitamin D status is associated with sociodemographic factors, lifestyle and metabolic health
    Tuija Jääskeläinen
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Nutr 52:513-25. 2013
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between serum 25(OH)D concentration and sociodemographic, lifestyle and metabolic health-related factors...
  19. ncbi request reprint Dietary patterns and the incidence of type 2 diabetes
    Jukka Montonen
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Epidemiol 161:219-27. 2005
    ..In light of these results, it appears conceivable that the risk of developing type 2 diabetes can be reduced by changing dietary patterns...
  20. pmc Long-term results of surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis: a randomised controlled trial
    Pär Slätis
    ORTON Orthopaedic Hospital, Invalid Foundation, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur Spine J 20:1174-81. 2011
    ..Walking ability did not differ between the treatment groups at any time. Decompressive surgery of LSS provided modest but consistent improvement in functional ability, surpassing that obtained after non-operative measures...
  21. doi request reprint Plant foods and the risk of cerebrovascular diseases: a potential protection of fruit consumption
    Anna Mizrahi
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    Br J Nutr 102:1075-83. 2009
    ..67; 95 % CI 0.49, 0.92) and intracerebral haemorrhage (RR 0.49; 95 % CI 0.25, 0.98). In conclusion, the consumption of fruits, especially citrus, and cruciferous vegetables may protect against cerebrovascular diseases...
  22. doi request reprint Vitamin D status and the risk of cardiovascular disease death
    Annamari Kilkkinen
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Epidemiol 170:1032-9. 2009
    ..These findings need to be replicated in other populations. To demonstrate a causal link between vitamin D and CVD, randomized controlled trials are required...
  23. pmc Vertebral fracture and cause-specific mortality: a prospective population study of 3,210 men and 3,730 women with 30 years of follow-up
    Ville Puisto
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Mannerheimintie 166, 00271 Helsinki, Finland
    Eur Spine J 20:2181-6. 2011
    ..Vertebral fractures predict mortality, but little is known about their associations with the causes of death. We studied vertebral fractures for prediction of cause-specific mortality...
  24. pmc Serum vitamin D and the risk of Parkinson disease
    Paul Knekt
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    Arch Neurol 67:808-11. 2010
    ..To investigate whether serum vitamin D level predicts the risk of Parkinson disease...
  25. doi request reprint Estimation of the population attributable fraction for mortality in a cohort study using a piecewise constant hazards model
    Maarit A Laaksonen
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Epidemiol 171:837-47. 2010
    ..Cary, North Carolina) to estimate the mortality attributable to some common risk factors...
  26. doi request reprint Quasi-experimental study on the effectiveness of psychoanalysis, long-term and short-term psychotherapy on psychiatric symptoms, work ability and functional capacity during a 5-year follow-up
    Paul Knekt
    Social Insurance Institution, Helsinki, Finland
    J Affect Disord 132:37-47. 2011
    ..Psychotherapy is apparently an insufficient treatment for some patients with mood or anxiety disorder. In this study the effectiveness of short-term and long-term psychotherapies was compared with that of psychoanalysis...
  27. ncbi request reprint Nordic biological specimen banks as basis for studies of cancer causes and control--more than 2 million sample donors, 25 million person years and 100,000 prospective cancers
    Eero Pukkala
    Finnish Cancer Registry, Institute for Statistical and Epidemiological Cancer Research, Helsinki, Finland
    Acta Oncol 46:286-307. 2007
    ..The present paper summarizes optimal study designs of biobank-based studies of cancer...
  28. ncbi request reprint Consumption of sweetened beverages and intakes of fructose and glucose predict type 2 diabetes occurrence
    Jukka Montonen
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki FIN, Finland
    J Nutr 137:1447-54. 2007
    ..43; P < 0.001) for sweetened berry juice and 1.67 (95% [CI] = 0.98, 2.87; P = 0.01) for soft drinks. Our findings support the view that higher intake of fructose and glucose and sweetened beverages may increase type 2 diabetes risk...
  29. ncbi request reprint Obesity and unhealthy life-years in adult Finns: an empirical approach
    Tommy L S Visscher
    Department of Health and Disability, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Arch Intern Med 164:1413-20. 2004
    ..Obese individuals are thus expected to have more unhealthy life-years than normal-weight persons. The objective of the present study was to quantify the number of excess unhealthy life-years in obese individuals...
  30. ncbi request reprint Whole-grain and fiber intake and the incidence of type 2 diabetes
    Jukka Montonen
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:622-9. 2003
    ..Epidemiologic evidence of a preventive effect of whole grain against type 2 diabetes is mainly based on data from women. Information specific to men and women is needed...
  31. doi request reprint Gastric cancers in Finnish patients after cure of Helicobacter pylori infection: A cohort study
    Timo U Kosunen
    Department of Bacteriology and Immunology, Haartman Institute, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Cancer 128:433-9. 2011
    ..To conclude, cured H. pylori infection led to a significantly decreased incidence of gastric cancers from the sixth follow-up year. Advanced atrophic gastritis would be a plausible contributor to the elevated SIR in elderly Hp- patients...
  32. doi request reprint Concurrent validity of the Quality of Object Relations Scale (QORS) in relation to proxy assessment of the theoretical scale constituents
    Olavi Lindfors
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    Psychopathology 46:111-9. 2013
    ..Our aim was to study the concurrent validity of the QORS...
  33. pmc Fat free mass and obesity in relation to educational level
    Elina Seppänen-Nuijten
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Public Health 9:448. 2009
    ....
  34. ncbi request reprint Serum fatty acids and breast cancer incidence
    Harri Rissanen
    National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Nutr Cancer 45:168-75. 2003
    ..The present study suggests that higher serum proportions of the n-6 PUFA linoleic acid and lower proportions of the MUFA trans-11-18:1 fatty acid predict a reduced incidence of breast cancer...
  35. doi request reprint Suitability for Psychotherapy Scale (SPS) and its reliability, validity, and prediction
    Maarit A Laaksonen
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    Br J Clin Psychol 51:351-75. 2012
    ..To present an interview-based 7-item Suitability for Psychotherapy Scale (SPS) created to evaluate suitability for short- and long-term therapy, and to assess its reliability, validity, and prediction...
  36. doi request reprint The effectiveness of solution-focused therapy and short- and long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy on self-concept during a 3-year follow-up
    Olavi Lindfors
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    J Nerv Ment Dis 200:946-53. 2012
    ..Long duration and psychodynamic orientation of therapy may be beneficial for self-concept improvement...
  37. doi request reprint Mortality in the presence of a vertebral fracture, scoliosis, or Scheuermann's disease in the thoracic spine
    Ville Puisto
    National Public Health Institute and the Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki, Finland
    Ann Epidemiol 18:595-601. 2008
    ..Vertebral fractures and scoliosis, unlike Scheuermann's disease, have been associated with increased mortality. Total and cause-specific mortalities of these spinal deformities were studied to produce epidemiologic knowledge...
  38. doi request reprint Mapping geographical variation in obesity in Finland
    Marjaana Lahti-Koski
    Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Public Health 18:637-43. 2008
    ..The geographical pattern of mean anthropometric values and obesity prevalence were studied applying a Bayesian hierarchical approach and Geographical Information Systems...
  39. doi request reprint Antibiotic use predicts an increased risk of cancer
    Annamari Kilkkinen
    Department of Health and Functional Capacity, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Cancer 123:2152-5. 2008
    ..In conclusion, antibiotic use predicts an increased risk of cancer. Because of the design of our study the possibility of residual confounding cannot be excluded and further studies are required to confirm the results...
  40. doi request reprint Psychological predictors of the recovery from mood or anxiety disorder in short-term and long-term psychotherapy during a 3-year follow-up
    Maarit A Laaksonen
    National Institute for Health and Welfare THL, Department of Health, Functional Capacity and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    Psychiatry Res 208:162-73. 2013
    ..The SPS can apparently be applied before the start of treatment to predict the amount of therapy patients need to recover, although its suitability in therapies of different types needs to be confirmed. ..
  41. doi request reprint Randomized trial on the effectiveness of long- and short-term psychotherapy on psychiatric symptoms and working ability during a 5-year follow-up
    Paul Knekt
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    Nord J Psychiatry 67:59-68. 2013
    ..The information on whether long-term psychotherapy is superior in comparison with short-term therapies during a long time-perspective in the treatment of mood and anxiety disorder is incomplete...
  42. ncbi request reprint The cost-effectiveness of short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy and solution-focused therapy in the treatment of depressive and anxiety disorders during a one-year follow-up
    Timo Maljanen
    Social Insurance Institution, PO Box 450, 00101 Helsinki, Finland
    J Ment Health Policy Econ 15:13-23. 2012
    ..However, the number of randomized trials where psychological treatments are compared with each other and where economic aspects, too, are taken into account is still relatively small...
  43. doi request reprint Use of auxiliary psychiatric treatment during a 5-year follow-up among patients receiving short- or long-term psychotherapy
    Paul Knekt
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    J Affect Disord 135:221-30. 2011
    ..This study considers changes in the need for auxiliary psychiatric treatment after starting short- and long-term psychotherapy and psychoanalysis...
  44. ncbi request reprint Disability predicted mortality in men but not women with coronary heart disease
    Anna Kattainen
    Department of Health and Functional Capacity, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, FIN 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    J Clin Epidemiol 57:513-21. 2004
    ..Disability increases mortality in patients with myocardial infarction in acute clinical settings, but the impact of disability on mortality in persons with coronary heart disease (CHD) at the population level is largely unknown...
  45. ncbi request reprint Impact of cardiovascular diseases on activity limitations and need for help among older persons
    Anna Kattainen
    Department of Health and Functional Capacity, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    J Clin Epidemiol 57:82-8. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to estimate the importance of specific chronic cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) as determinants of disability...
  46. doi request reprint Therapists' professional and personal characteristics as predictors of outcome in short- and long-term psychotherapy
    Erkki Heinonen
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    J Affect Disord 138:301-12. 2012
    ..Although psychotherapists differ in their effectiveness, virtually no comparative research exists on the therapist characteristics beneficial to short- or long-term therapy...
  47. ncbi request reprint Validity of a food frequency questionnaire varied by age and body mass index
    Laura Paalanen
    Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    J Clin Epidemiol 59:994-1001. 2006
    ..The validity of food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) in measuring food consumption and nutrient intake has to be assessed. The objective of this study was to assess the validity of a 128-item FFQ in specific subgroups of Finnish adults...
  48. ncbi request reprint Secular changes in prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in elderly Finns
    Anna Kattainen
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Health and Functional Capacity, Helsinki, Finland
    Scand J Public Health 30:274-80. 2002
    ..The purpose of the present study was to examine changes with time in the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in Finns 65 to 74 years of age...
  49. pmc Sagittal abdominal diameter as a new predictor for incident diabetes
    Pia Pajunen
    Diabetes Prevention Unit, Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, Division of Welfare and Health Promotion, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    Diabetes Care 36:283-8. 2013
    ..Sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD) has been shown to predict the amount of visceral fat. So far no study has been published on its ability to predict diabetes occurrence...
  50. doi request reprint Association between the Rorschach Ego Impairment Index and the Level of Personality Organization interview assessment in depressive and anxiety disorder patients
    Harri Valkonen
    Biomedicum Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Psychiatry Res 200:849-56. 2012
    ..More research on the incremental benefits of the measures is needed in clinical populations, covering non-severe and complex psychopathology...
  51. pmc Dextrocardia and coronal alignment of thoracic curve: a population study
    Kaj Tallroth
    ORTON Research Institute, Invalid Foundation, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur Spine J 18:1941-5. 2009
    ..We assume that the effect of the repetitive pulsatile pressure of the descending thoracic aorta, and the mass effect of the heart may cause the direction of the convexity to develop opposite to the side of the aortic arch...
  52. pmc Confounding and missing data in cost-effectiveness analysis: comparing different methods
    Tommi Härkänen
    National Institute of Health and Welfare, Mannerheimintie 166, P, O, Box 30, FIN 00271 Helsinki, Finland
    Health Econ Rev 3:8. 2013
    ..Furthermore, in longitudinal panel data, missing observations are a growing problem also with nonparametric methods when cumulative outcome measures are used...
  53. pmc Sociodemographic and socioeconomic differences in sleep duration and insomnia-related symptoms in Finnish adults
    Tea Lallukka
    Hjelt Institute, Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Public Health 12:565. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the associations of sociodemographic and socioeconomic factors with sleep duration and insomnia-related symptoms across life course...
  54. pmc Self-administered questionnaire is a reliable measure of coffee consumption
    Katri Sääksjärvi
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    J Epidemiol 20:363-9. 2010
    ..The objective of this study was to assess the agreement and repeatability of 2 methods of measuring habitual coffee consumption, and to examine their homogeneity with respect to socioeconomic and lifestyle factors...
  55. doi request reprint Pretreatment clinical and psychosocial predictors of remission from depression after short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy and solution-focused therapy: a 1-year follow-up study
    Mauri Marttunen
    Biomedicum Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Psychother Res 18:191-9. 2008
    ..06 and 0.22 (95% confidence intervals = 0.01-0.35 and 0.05-0.97), respectively. In conclusion, several background factors, especially sense of coherence, predict remission...
  56. doi request reprint A "screen-and-treat" approach for Helicobacter pylori infection: a population-based study in Vammala, Finland
    Anniina Salomaa-Rasanen
    Department of Bacteriology and Immunology, Haartman Institute, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Helicobacter 15:28-37. 2010
    ..pylori infection in Finland, we started a voluntary H. pylori"screen-treat-retest-and-retreat" program for all young adults at primary health care in Vammala, Finland after a pilot study in 1994 including 504 subjects aged 15-75...
  57. doi request reprint Twenty-year changes in the prevalence of obesity among Finnish adults
    M Lahti-Koski
    National Institute for Health and Welfare THL, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Obes Rev 11:171-6. 2010
    ..A comprehensive public health strategy targeting the whole population and especially those with low education is urgently needed to halt the obesity epidemic...
  58. pmc Serum ceruloplasmin and the risk of cancer in Finland
    P Knekt
    Social Insurance Institution, Helsinki, Finland
    Br J Cancer 65:292-6. 1992
    ..The most likely explanation of the present results thus is that high serum ceruloplasmin levels in lung cancer are mainly due to occult cancer...
  59. ncbi request reprint A case study in comparing therapies involving informative drop-out, non-ignorable non-compliance and repeated measurements
    T Härkänen
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Stat Med 24:3773-87. 2005
    ..A Bayesian hierarchical as-treated model, which uses random-effects-based selection models to account for non-ignorable missing data and non-compliance, was compared with different mixed effects models...
  60. pmc Coffee consumption, rheumatoid factor, and the risk of rheumatoid arthritis
    M Heliovaara
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Ann Rheum Dis 59:631-5. 2000
    ..No attention, however, has been paid to coffee consumption as a risk determinant, though it is a shared covariate of the alleged risk factors...
  61. ncbi request reprint Depression and smoking cessation: the role of motivation and self-efficacy
    A Haukkala
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Helsinki, Finland
    Addict Behav 25:311-6. 2000
    ..Our results suggest that depression is related to lower smoking cessation self-efficacy while smokers with higher depression scores seem to be more motivated to quit smoking...
  62. ncbi request reprint Food consumption and the incidence of type II diabetes mellitus
    J Montonen
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 59:441-8. 2005
    ..The consumption of different foods was studied for their ability to predict type II diabetes mellitus...
  63. ncbi request reprint Heart rate and mortality
    A Reunanen
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Central Military Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    J Intern Med 247:231-9. 2000
    ..Increased heart rate has also been linked to causes of death other than cardiovascular. To clarify the role of heart rate as a predictor of death we studied its predictive value in a large population study...
  64. pmc Nationwide registry-based analysis of cancer clustering detects strong familial occurrence of Kaposi sarcoma
    Eevi Kaasinen
    Genome Scale Biology Research Program, and Department of Medical Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    PLoS ONE 8:e55209. 2013
    ..Further work with high-throughput methods should elucidate the molecular basis of the potentially novel predisposition conditions found in this study...
  65. ncbi request reprint Time trends in incidence and prevalence of human papillomavirus type 6, 11 and 16 infections in Finland
    Päivi Laukkanen
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki and Oulu, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    J Gen Virol 84:2105-9. 2003
    ..Epidemic spread of the oncogenic HPV-16, but not the non-oncogenic HPV-types, throughout the 1980s and 1990s preceded an increase in the incidence of cervical carcinoma in fertile-aged Finnish women...
  66. ncbi request reprint Smoking history and serum cotinine and thiocyanate concentrations as determinants of rheumatoid factor in non-rheumatoid subjects
    T Korpilähde
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 43:1424-8. 2004
    ..Smoking is associated with false-positive rheumatoid factor (RF). We explored the dose-response relationship of this association, using smoking history and serum cotinine and thiocyanate concentrations as measures of tobacco exposure...
  67. ncbi request reprint Determinants of sciatica and low-back pain
    M Heliovaara
    Research Institute for Social Security, Social Insurance Institution, Helsinki, Finland
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 16:608-14. 1991
    ..4; 95% CI, 0.3-0.8). Many factors, independent of each other, determine the occurrence of chronic low-back syndromes. The determinants of sciatica and LBP are different to some extent...
  68. ncbi request reprint Low back pain and subsequent cardiovascular mortality
    M Heliovaara
    Social Insurance Institution, Helsinki, Finland
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 20:2109-11. 1995
    ..This was a prospective cohort study based on data of the Mini-Finland Health Examination Survey collected between 1978 and 1980, with follow-up until the end of 1991...
  69. doi request reprint Changes in lifestyle for psychiatric patients three years after the start of short- and long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy and solution-focused therapy
    P Knekt
    Social Insurance Institution, P O Box 450, 00101 Helsinki, Finland
    Eur Psychiatry 25:1-7. 2010
    ..We studied whether psychotherapy brings along changes in lifestyle and whether these changes differ between short-term and long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy (SPP and LPP) and solution-focused therapy (SFT)...
  70. ncbi request reprint Prospective study of coffee consumption and risk of Parkinson's disease
    K Sääksjärvi
    National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 62:908-15. 2008
    ..To examine the prediction of coffee consumption on the incidence of Parkinson's disease...
  71. doi request reprint Social support as a predictor of the outcome of depressive and anxiety disorder in short-term and long-term psychotherapy
    Olavi Lindfors
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    Psychiatry Res 216:44-51. 2014
    ..More research is needed to verify these findings. ..
  72. pmc Smoking and risk of colorectal cancer
    P Knekt
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Br J Cancer 78:136-9. 1998
    ..To clarify the role of smoking in colorectal cancer development, further cohort studies are needed with long follow-up periods and allowing for control of dietary and other potential confounding factors...
  73. ncbi request reprint Surgical or nonoperative treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis? A randomized controlled trial
    Antti Malmivaara
    Finnish Office for Health Technology Assessment, National Research and Development Center, FinOHTA Stakes, Helsinki, Finland
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 32:1-8. 2007
    ..A randomized controlled trial...
  74. pmc Intake of dairy products and the risk of breast cancer
    P Knekt
    National Public Health Insitute, Helsinki, Finland
    Br J Cancer 73:687-91. 1996
    ..Our data suggest that there is a protective effect, dietary or habitual, associated with consumption of milk that overwhelms the associations between different other factors and risk of breast cancer...
  75. ncbi request reprint Enterovirus, mycoplasma and other infections as predictors for myocardial infarction
    A Reunanen
    Department of Health and Functional Capacity, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    J Intern Med 252:421-9. 2002
    ..To study antibodies against five infectious agents for their prediction of major coronary events in men with and without evidence of coronary heart disease at baseline...
  76. pmc Does antibacterial treatment for urinary tract infection contribute to the risk of breast cancer?
    P Knekt
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Br J Cancer 82:1107-10. 2000
    ..The results are, however, still inconclusive and the hypothesis needs to be tested by other studies...
  77. ncbi request reprint IgA antibodies in persisting Helicobacter pylori infection in Finnish adults
    A Salomaa-Rasanen
    Department of Bacteriology and Immunology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Microbiol Infect 12:236-40. 2006
    ..0241), respectively, whereas the median IgG levels did not change significantly in either series. During H. pylori infection, an increase in specific IgA was reflected by the increase in the number of responders and by the rise in titres...
  78. ncbi request reprint Validity of the prostate specific antigen test for prostate cancer screening: followup study with a bank of 21,000 sera in Finland
    M Hakama
    Department of Public Health, Helsinki University, Tampere University School of Public Health, Finnish Cancer Registry, University Hospital of Helsinki, The National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    J Urol 166:2189-91; discussion 2191-2. 2001
    ..5 microg./l. CONCLUSIONS: PSA is a valid screening test for prostate cancer, which compares favorably with mammography for breast cancer. However, until an effect on mortality has been shown, routine screening cannot be recommended...
  79. ncbi request reprint Does good trunk extensor performance protect against back-related work disability?
    Aaro Rissanen
    Helsinki City Health Department, Finland
    J Rehabil Med 34:62-6. 2002
    ..28 (95% confidence interval, 0.09-0.94). Our study suggests that good dynamic trunk extension performance may protect against back-related permanent work disability...
  80. ncbi request reprint Intake of fish and long-chain n-3 fatty acids and the risk of coronary heart mortality in men and women
    Ritva Järvinen
    Department of Clinical Nutrition, University of Kuopio, PL 1627, 70211 Kuopio, Finland
    Br J Nutr 95:824-9. 2006
    ..In conclusion, our results for women are in line with the suggested protective effect of fish consumption against CHD but a similar association was not, however, found in men...
  81. ncbi request reprint Schizophrenia, neuroleptic medication and mortality
    Matti Joukamaa
    Department of Social Psychiatry, Tampere School of Public Health, University of Tampere, FIN 33014, Finland
    Br J Psychiatry 188:122-7. 2006
    ..There is an excess of death from natural causes among people with schizophrenia...
  82. ncbi request reprint Association of Helicobacter pylori IgA antibodies with the risk of peptic ulcer disease and gastric cancer
    Timo U Kosunen
    Department of Bacteriology and Immunology, University of Helsinki, PO Box 21, FIN 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    World J Gastroenterol 11:6871-4. 2005
    ..To compare the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) IgG and IgA antibodies between adult subjects, with defined gastric diseases, non-defined gastric disorders and those representing the population...
  83. ncbi request reprint No serological evidence of association between prostate cancer and infection with herpes simplex virus type 2 or human herpesvirus type 8: a nested case-control study
    Zoltan Korodi
    Department of Medical Microbiology, Lund University, University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden
    J Infect Dis 191:2008-11. 2005
    ..Neither HSV-2 infection (odds ratio [OR], 0.93 [95% confidence interval {CI}, 0.44-1.96]) nor HHV-8 infection (OR, 0.74 [95% CI, 0.19-2.88]) was associated with prostate cancer...
  84. ncbi request reprint Antibodies to periodontal pathogens and stroke risk
    Pirkko J Pussinen
    Institute of Dentistry, University of Helsinki, P O Box 63 Haartmaninkatu 8, FIN 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    Stroke 35:2020-3. 2004
    ..Therefore, the aim of the study was to investigate whether elevated levels of serum antibodies to major periodontal pathogens predict stroke in a case-control study...
  85. ncbi request reprint Dietary fiber and risk of coronary heart disease: a pooled analysis of cohort studies
    Mark A Pereira
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN55454, USA
    Arch Intern Med 164:370-6. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to conduct a pooled analysis of dietary fiber and its subtypes and risk of coronary heart disease...
  86. ncbi request reprint Blood biochemistry and the risk of cancer
    Matti Hakama
    University of Tampere School of Public Health, Finland
    Acta Oncol 43:667-74. 2004
    ..They are, furthermore, consistent with the hypothesis that pooling of biochemical samples affects the levels of the substances and may affect the conclusions of epidemiological studies on causes of diseases...
  87. ncbi request reprint Osteoarthritis in the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb. Prevalence and associations with disability and mortality
    Mikko M Haara
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kuopio University Hospital, P O Box 1627, FIN 70211 Kuopio, Finland
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 86:1452-7. 2004
    ..This study was designed to investigate the prevalence of osteoarthritis in the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb in adults thirty years of age or older in Finland...
  88. ncbi request reprint Association of overweight with increased risk of coronary heart disease partly independent of blood pressure and cholesterol levels: a meta-analysis of 21 cohort studies including more than 300 000 persons
    Rik P Bogers
    Centre for Prevention and Health Services Research, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, PO Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Arch Intern Med 167:1720-8. 2007
    ..0) are associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) through adverse effects on blood pressure and cholesterol levels is unclear, as is the risk of CHD that remains after these mediating effects are considered...
  89. pmc Autoantibodies binding to citrullinated telopeptide of type II collagen and to cyclic citrullinated peptides predict synergistically the development of seropositive rheumatoid arthritis
    Marja Kaisa Koivula
    Department of Clinical Chemistry, University of Oulu and University of Turku, Oulu and Turku, Finland
    Ann Rheum Dis 66:1450-5. 2007
    ..To find out whether autoantibodies to citrullinated telopeptides of type I and II collagens and to cyclic citrullinated peptides (CCPs) predict the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...