R Naatanen

Summary

Country: Finland

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint "Primitive intelligence" in the auditory cortex
    R Naatanen
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Dept of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Trends Neurosci 24:283-8. 2001
  2. ncbi request reprint Combined mapping of human auditory EEG and MEG responses
    M Huotilainen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 108:370-9. 1998
  3. ncbi request reprint Electromagnetic responses of the human auditory cortex generated by sensory-memory based processing of tone-frequency changes
    O Korzyukov
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 276:169-72. 1999
  4. ncbi request reprint Language-specific phoneme representations revealed by electric and magnetic brain responses
    R Naatanen
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Nature 385:432-4. 1997
  5. ncbi request reprint Electrophysiological evidence for cross-modal plasticity in humans with early- and late-onset blindness
    T Kujala
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Psychophysiology 34:213-6. 1997
  6. ncbi request reprint Brain activity index of distractibility in normal school-age children
    V Gumenyuk
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, P O Box 13, FIN 00014, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 314:147-50. 2001
  7. ncbi request reprint The processing of sound duration after left hemisphere stroke: event-related potential and behavioral evidence
    T M Ilvonen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Psychophysiology 38:622-8. 2001
  8. ncbi request reprint Increased distractibility by task-irrelevant sound changes in abstinent alcoholics
    J Ahveninen
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 24:1850-4. 2000
  9. ncbi request reprint Selective tuning of the left and right auditory cortices during spatially directed attention
    K Alho
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, P O Box 13, FIN 00014 University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 7:335-41. 1999
  10. ncbi request reprint Global field power of auditory N1 correlates with impaired verbal-memory performance in human alcoholics
    J Ahveninen
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, P O Box 13, FIN 00014 University of, Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 285:131-4. 2000

Detail Information

Publications61

  1. ncbi request reprint "Primitive intelligence" in the auditory cortex
    R Naatanen
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Dept of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Trends Neurosci 24:283-8. 2001
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Combined mapping of human auditory EEG and MEG responses
    M Huotilainen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 108:370-9. 1998
    ..In addition, source-current components not detectable by MEG were shown to contribute to the measured EEG signals...
  3. ncbi request reprint Electromagnetic responses of the human auditory cortex generated by sensory-memory based processing of tone-frequency changes
    O Korzyukov
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 276:169-72. 1999
    ..This supports the idea that a sensory-memory trace formed in the auditory cortex by preceding repetitive sounds is a necessary precondition for MMN/MMNm elicitation...
  4. ncbi request reprint Language-specific phoneme representations revealed by electric and magnetic brain responses
    R Naatanen
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Nature 385:432-4. 1997
    ..Whole-head magnetic recordings located the source of this native-language, phoneme-related response enhancement, and thus the language-specific memory traces, in the auditory cortex of the left hemisphere...
  5. ncbi request reprint Electrophysiological evidence for cross-modal plasticity in humans with early- and late-onset blindness
    T Kujala
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Psychophysiology 34:213-6. 1997
    ..These results suggest that cross-modal reorganization may occur even in the mature human brain...
  6. ncbi request reprint Brain activity index of distractibility in normal school-age children
    V Gumenyuk
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, P O Box 13, FIN 00014, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 314:147-50. 2001
    ..Moreover, differences in ERP amplitudes and in their correlations with the reaction times between younger (7-10 years) and older (11-13 years) children indicated developmental changes in attentional brain functions...
  7. ncbi request reprint The processing of sound duration after left hemisphere stroke: event-related potential and behavioral evidence
    T M Ilvonen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Psychophysiology 38:622-8. 2001
    ..Especially by recording MMN to monaural stimuli, the discrimination accuracy can be separately determined for the left and right temporal lobes...
  8. ncbi request reprint Increased distractibility by task-irrelevant sound changes in abstinent alcoholics
    J Ahveninen
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 24:1850-4. 2000
    ..The neural abnormalities that underlie such deficits in alcoholics were explored with event-related potential (ERP) components that disclosed different phases of detection and orienting to stimulus changes...
  9. ncbi request reprint Selective tuning of the left and right auditory cortices during spatially directed attention
    K Alho
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, P O Box 13, FIN 00014 University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 7:335-41. 1999
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint Global field power of auditory N1 correlates with impaired verbal-memory performance in human alcoholics
    J Ahveninen
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, P O Box 13, FIN 00014 University of, Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 285:131-4. 2000
    ..5) with impaired memory performance in the alcoholics. The profound change in pre-attentive auditory processing, predicting impaired memory performance, might reflect impaired cerebral inhibitory transmission in alcoholics...
  11. ncbi request reprint Suppression of mismatch negativity by backward masking predicts impaired working-memory performance in alcoholics
    J Ahveninen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 23:1507-14. 1999
    ..Pronounced disruption of memory traces by subsequent distractors may result in impaired behavioral memory performance in alcoholics...
  12. ncbi request reprint Dysfunction of the auditory cortex persists in infants with certain cleft types
    R Ceponiene
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Dev Med Child Neurol 42:258-65. 2000
    ..This pattern parallels known behavioural differences between children with these cleft types. Brain responses to rare sounds, in contrast, had no differentiative power with respect to the cleft type...
  13. ncbi request reprint Cortical auditory dysfunction in children with oral clefts: relation with cleft type
    R Ceponiene
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Neurophysiol 110:1921-6. 1999
    ..We investigated persistence of auditory short-term memory (STM) that is implicitly involved in language-specific perception in children with clefts, grouped using fine-graded cleft classification...
  14. ncbi request reprint Atypical pattern of discriminating sound features in adults with Asperger syndrome as reflected by the mismatch negativity
    T Kujala
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, PO Box 9, Helsinki FIN 00014, Finland
    Biol Psychol 75:109-14. 2007
    ..Our results suggest hypersensitive auditory change detection in Asperger syndrome, as reflected in the enhanced MMN for deviant sounds with a gap or shorter duration, and speeded MMN elicitation for frequency changes...
  15. ncbi request reprint The perception of invariant speech features in children with autism
    T Lepistö
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, P O Box 9, Helsinki FIN 00014, Finland
    Biol Psychol 77:25-31. 2008
    ..This suggests that children with autism lose their advantage in phoneme discrimination when the context of the stimuli is speech-like and requires abstracting invariant speech features from varying input...
  16. ncbi request reprint Post-withdrawal changes in middle-latency auditory evoked potentials in abstinent human alcoholics
    J Ahveninen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 268:57-60. 1999
    ..The present results suggest that the post-withdrawal brain hyperexcitability in the alcoholic brain, gradually recovering with abstinence, could be objectively and non-invasively studied with the MAEP...
  17. ncbi request reprint Brain dysfunction in neonates with cleft palate revealed by the mismatch negativity
    M Cheour
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Neurophysiol 110:324-8. 1999
    ..The present study aimed at investigating whether the MMN is attenuated already in newborns with cleft palate compared with healthy controls...
  18. ncbi request reprint Replicability of MEG and EEG measures of the auditory N1/N1m-response
    J Virtanen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland
    Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 108:291-8. 1998
    ..The results suggest that both MEG and EEG can be used for investigating the simultaneous activity of the left and right auditory cortices independently, MEG being superior in certain experimental setups...
  19. ncbi request reprint Maturation of mismatch negativity in infants
    M Cheour
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Psychophysiol 29:217-26. 1998
    ..The mean MMN latency, however, decreased significantly with age, although in 3-month-old infants it was not much longer than in a previous study conducted in adults with the same stimuli...
  20. ncbi request reprint Pre-attentive discriminability of sound order as a function of tone duration and interstimulus interval: a mismatch negativity study
    M Tervaniemi
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Audiol Neurootol 4:303-10. 1999
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Effects of spectral complexity and sound duration on automatic complex-sound pitch processing in humans - a mismatch negativity study
    M Tervaniemi
    Department of Psychology, Cognitive Brain Research Unit, University of Helsinki, P O Box 13, FIN 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 290:66-70. 2000
    ..The prolonged sound duration did not significantly enhance the MMN. This suggests that increased spectral rather than temporal information facilitates pitch processing of spectrally rich sounds...
  22. ncbi request reprint Mismatch negativity and behavioural discrimination in humans as a function of the magnitude of change in sound duration
    M Jaramillo
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland, PO Box 13, FIN 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 290:101-4. 2000
    ..Behavioural detection paralleled the MMN responses, suggesting a link between the processes underlying MMN and behavioural measures...
  23. ncbi request reprint Neuronal populations in the human brain extracting invariant relationships from acoustic variance
    P Paavilainen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 265:179-82. 1999
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Dose-dependent suppression by ethanol of transient auditory 40-Hz response
    I P Jääskeläinen
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, P O Box 13, Meritullinkatu 1, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 148:132-5. 2000
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint The effect of different noise types on the speech and non-speech elicited mismatch negativity
    H Kozou
    Department of Psychology, Cognitive Brain Research Unit, University of Helsinki, P O Box 9, FIN 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    Hear Res 199:31-9. 2005
    ..Babble and industrial noises dramatically reduced the MMN amplitudes for both stimulus types, while traffic noise affected only speech stimuli...
  26. ncbi request reprint Basic auditory dysfunction in dyslexia as demonstrated by brain activity measurements
    T Kujala
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Psychophysiology 37:262-6. 2000
    ..This failure can be traced to early cortical mechanisms that process auditory information independently of attention...
  27. ncbi request reprint Test-retest reliability of mismatch negativity for duration, frequency and intensity changes
    M Tervaniemi
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Neurophysiol 110:1388-93. 1999
    ..The test-retest reliabilities of the mismatch negativity (MMN) elicited by deviances in sound duration, frequency, and intensity were compared...
  28. ncbi request reprint Speech- and sound-segmentation in dyslexia: evidence for a multiple-level cortical impairment
    T Kujala
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, PO Box 9, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Neurosci 24:2420-7. 2006
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Harmonic partials facilitate pitch discrimination in humans: electrophysiological and behavioral evidence
    M Tervaniemi
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 279:29-32. 2000
    ..Together these data indicate that pre-attentive and attentive pitch discrimination is facilitated with spectrally rich sounds in comparison to pure sinusoidal tones...
  30. ncbi request reprint Background acoustic noise and the hemispheric lateralization of speech processing in the human brain: magnetic mismatch negativity study
    Y Shtyrov
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 251:141-4. 1998
    ..However, in noisy conditions the involvement of the left hemisphere's auditory cortex in speech discrimination is considerably decreased, while that of the right hemisphere increases...
  31. ncbi request reprint Benzodiazepine temazepam suppresses the transient auditory 40-Hz response amplitude in humans
    I P Jääskeläinen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 268:105-7. 1999
    ..This suggests involvement of GABA(A) receptors in transient auditory 40-Hz response generation, however, not in the attentive modulation of the 40-Hz response...
  32. pmc Superior formation of cortical memory traces for melodic patterns in musicians
    M Tervaniemi
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    Learn Mem 8:295-300. 2001
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint The musical brain: brain waves reveal the neurophysiological basis of musicality in human subjects
    M Tervaniemi
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 226:1-4. 1997
    ....
  34. ncbi request reprint Electromagnetic recordings reveal latency differences in speech and tone processing in humans
    H Tiitinen
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, PO Box 13 Meritullinkatu 1, FIN 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 8:355-63. 1999
    ..The findings are discussed in relation to previous observations on cortical processing of sinusoidal and vowel sounds and with regard to the glottal excitation in speech processing...
  35. ncbi request reprint Effects of naltrexone and ethanol on auditory event-related brain potentials
    I P Jääskeläinen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Alcohol 15:105-11. 1998
    ..Furthermore, the N2b amplitude was significantly suppressed in the interaction condition, suggesting attentional impairment...
  36. ncbi request reprint Mismatch negativity (MMN): perspectives for application
    R Naatanen
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, P O Box 13 Meritullinkatu 1, 00014 University of Helsinki and the Academy of Finland, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Psychophysiol 37:3-10. 2000
    ..The MMN can be measured in the absence of attention and without any task requirements, which makes it particularly suitable for testing different clinical populations and infants...
  37. ncbi request reprint Separation of contamination caused by coil clicks from responses elicited by transcranial magnetic stimulation
    H Tiitinen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Neurophysiol 110:982-5. 1999
    ..Furthermore, clicks were found to interact with simultaneously presented auditory sinewave stimuli, resulting in an amplitude decrease in the auditory N1 response...
  38. doi request reprint The neural basis of aberrant speech and audition in autism spectrum disorders
    T Kujala
    Cicero Learning, P O Box 9, FI 00014 University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 37:697-704. 2013
    ..Furthermore, neural correlates of perception and some traits typical of subgroups of individuals on this spectrum have helped in understanding the diversity on this spectrum...
  39. ncbi request reprint The mismatch negativity (MMN) in basic research of central auditory processing: a review
    R Naatanen
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Neurophysiol 118:2544-90. 2007
    ..In addition, the MMN enables one to establish the brain processes underlying the initiation of attention switch to, conscious perception of, sound change in an unattended stimulus stream...
  40. ncbi request reprint Psychosocial stress attenuates general sound processing and duration change detection
    V L Simoens
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Psychophysiology 44:30-8. 2007
    ..We found that psychosocial stressor anticipation attenuates both general and deviance-specific sound processing, suggesting that cortisol interferes with cortical memory-trace formation...
  41. ncbi request reprint MEG-compatible multichannel EEG electrode array
    J Virtanen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 99:568-70. 1996
    ..The electrode array is magnetically compatible with MEG and the low-profile electrodes consume minimal space inside the magnetometer...
  42. ncbi request reprint Children's performance on pseudoword repetition depends on auditory trace quality: evidence from event-related potentials
    R Ceponiene
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Dev Psychol 35:709-20. 1999
    ..Thus, the accuracy of auditory-sensory processing seems to affect phonological short-term representations in school-age children and therefore may play a role in vocabulary development...
  43. ncbi request reprint Central auditory processing of durational changes in complex speech patterns by newborns: an event-related brain potential study
    E Kushnerenko
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, P O Box 13, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    Dev Neuropsychol 19:83-97. 2001
    ..The first negative wave peaked at about 150 msec and the second at about 350 msec after the change onset. At least one negative deflection, which was interpreted as evidence for stimulus change-detection, was observed in every infant...
  44. ncbi request reprint Pre-attentive processing of spectrally complex sounds with asynchronous onsets: an event-related potential study with human subjects
    M Tervaniemi
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 227:197-200. 1997
    ..In summary, the present results support the existence of pre-perceptual integration mechanism of 100-200 ms duration and emphasize its importance in switching attention towards the stimulus change...
  45. ncbi request reprint The mismatch negativity as an index of temporal processing in audition
    T Kujala
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, P O Box 13, University of Helsinki, FIN 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Neurophysiol 112:1712-9. 2001
    ..The relation of the mismatch negativity (MMN) elicitation with behavioral stimulus discrimination as well as the replicability of the MMN was evaluated for intervals between paired tones...
  46. ncbi request reprint Effects of haloperidol on selective attention: a combined whole-head MEG and high-resolution EEG study
    S Kahkonen
    BioMag Laboratory, Medical Engineering Centre, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Neuropsychopharmacology 25:498-504. 2001
    ..Taken together, haloperidol seemed to induce functional changes in neural networks accounting for both selective and involuntary attention, suggesting modulation of these functions by dopamine D2 receptors...
  47. ncbi request reprint Auditory perception and attention as reflected by the brain event-related potentials in children with Asperger syndrome
    T Lepistö
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, P O Box 9, FIN 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Neurophysiol 117:2161-71. 2006
    ..We investigated auditory-discrimination and orienting in children with AS using an event-related potential (ERP) paradigm that was previously applied to children with autism...
  48. ncbi request reprint Independent processing of changes in auditory single features and feature conjunctions in humans as indexed by the mismatch negativity
    R Takegata
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 266:109-12. 1999
    ..This result indicates that changes in simple stimulus features and conjunction of features are processed independently by the automatic sound change detection system indexed by MMN...
  49. ncbi request reprint The mismatch negativity in evaluating central auditory dysfunction in dyslexia
    T Kujala
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, P O Box 13, FIN 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 25:535-43. 2001
    ..Furthermore, the MMN holds promise of showing plastic changes in the brain of dyslexic individuals underlying the alleviation or remediation of dyslexia in the course of a successful training programme...
  50. pmc Plastic neural changes and reading improvement caused by audiovisual training in reading-impaired children
    T Kujala
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, P O Box 13, University of Helsinki, FIN 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:10509-14. 2001
    ..Moreover, the fact that the present training effects were obtained by using a program including no linguistic material indicates that dyslexia is at least partly based on a general auditory perceptual deficit...
  51. ncbi request reprint Lateralized automatic auditory processing of phonetic versus musical information: a PET study
    M Tervaniemi
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Hum Brain Mapp 10:74-9. 2000
    ..The data thus indicate that automatic activation of lateralized neuronal circuits requires sound comparison based on short-term sound representations...
  52. ncbi request reprint Biopotential amplifier for simultaneous operation with biomagnetic instruments
    J Virtanen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Med Biol Eng Comput 35:402-8. 1997
    ..Special care is taken to analyse the coupling mechanisms of mains interference to the amplifier. Over 170 simultaneous electric and magnetic recordings have been performed using the system in a hospital environment...
  53. ncbi request reprint Preattentive extraction of abstract feature conjunctions from auditory stimulation as reflected by the mismatch negativity (MMN)
    P Paavilainen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Psychophysiology 38:359-65. 2001
    ..The results demonstrate that preattentive processing of auditory stimuli extends to unexpectedly complex relationships between the stimulus features...
  54. ncbi request reprint Mismatch negativity--the measure for central sound representation accuracy
    R Naatanen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Audiol Neurootol 2:341-53. 1997
    ..This accuracy, which can be measured separately for the different features of the sound, determines the individual's sound discrimination accuracy in normal and various pathological conditions...
  55. ncbi request reprint The additivity of the auditory feature analysis in the human brain as indexed by the mismatch negativity: 1+1 approximately 2 but 1+1+1<3
    P Paavilainen
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, P O Box 13, FIN 00014 University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 301:179-82. 2001
    ..The double-deviant MMNs were found to be additive but the triple-deviant MMN was clearly underadditive. The results suggest complex interactions between brain processes involved in analyzing several simultaneous deviant features...
  56. ncbi request reprint Enhanced brain activity preceding voluntary movement in early blind humans
    A Lehtokoski
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 253:155-8. 1998
    ..The results suggest functional changes in the blind subjects' brain activity, presumably, in the cortical areas involved in preparation and initiation of voluntary movement...
  57. doi request reprint Dose-related effects of memantine on a mismatch negativity-like response in anesthetized rats
    D Tikhonravov
    Neuroscience Unit, Institute of Biomedicine Physiology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Neuroscience 167:1175-82. 2010
    ..The high dose of memantine, in contrast, blocked the generation of the auditory MMN-like response. The findings suggest that memantine may, with appropriate doses, facilitate already this early stage of auditory processing...
  58. doi request reprint The mismatch negativity (MMN)--a unique window to disturbed central auditory processing in ageing and different clinical conditions
    R Naatanen
    Institute of Psychology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia, Finland
    Clin Neurophysiol 123:424-58. 2012
    ..In fact, MMN deficiency appears to index cognitive decline irrespective of the specific symptomatologies and aetiologies of the different disorders involved...
  59. ncbi request reprint The perception of speech sounds by the human brain as reflected by the mismatch negativity (MMN) and its magnetic equivalent (MMNm)
    R Naatanen
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit CBRU, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Psychophysiology 38:1-21. 2001
    ....
  60. ncbi request reprint Instrumentation for the measurement of electric brain responses to transcranial magnetic stimulation
    J Virtanen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Med Biol Eng Comput 37:322-6. 1999
    ..The TMS-compatible multichannel EEG system makes it possible to locate TMS-evoked electric activity in the brain...
  61. ncbi request reprint Selective tuning of cortical sound-feature processing by language experience
    M Tervaniemi
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Neurosci 23:2538-41. 2006
    ..This result, obtained both by behavioural and neural indices at attentive and automatic levels of processing, indicates precise feature-specific tuning of the auditory-cortex functions by the mother tongue...