Heikki Peltola

Summary

Affiliation: Helsinki University Central Hospital
Country: Finland

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Glycerol and bacterial meningitis: a response to the editorial commentary by Sáez-Llorens and McCracken
    Heikki Peltola
    Clin Infect Dis 46:1123-4. 2008
  2. doi request reprint Clindamycin vs. first-generation cephalosporins for acute osteoarticular infections of childhood--a prospective quasi-randomized controlled trial
    H Peltola
    Children s Hospital, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Microbiol Infect 18:582-9. 2012
  3. pmc How to optimise the coverage rate of infant and adult immunisations in Europe
    Heinz J Schmitt
    Infectious Diseases Service at the Zentrum für Präventive Pädiatrie, Johannes Gutenberg Universitat, Mainz, Germany
    BMC Med 5:11. 2007
  4. pmc Adjuvant glycerol is not beneficial in experimental pneumococcal meningitis
    Cornelia Blaser
    Institute for Infectious Diseases, University of Bern, 3010 Bern, Switzerland
    BMC Infect Dis 10:84. 2010
  5. ncbi request reprint Mumps and rubella eliminated from Finland
    H Peltola
    Hospital for Children and Adolescents, PO Box 281, FIN 00029 HUS, Helsinki, Finland
    JAMA 284:2643-7. 2000
  6. ncbi request reprint Diagnosis of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae type b meningitis by identifying DNA from cerebrospinal fluid-impregnated filter paper strips
    Heikki Peltola
    Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 29:111-4. 2010
  7. ncbi request reprint Adjuvant glycerol and/or dexamethasone to improve the outcomes of childhood bacterial meningitis: a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
    Heikki Peltola
    Helsinki University Central Hospital, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Infect Dis 45:1277-86. 2007
  8. doi request reprint Short- versus long-term antimicrobial treatment for acute hematogenous osteomyelitis of childhood: prospective, randomized trial on 131 culture-positive cases
    Heikki Peltola
    Helsinki University Central Hospital, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki, Finland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 29:1123-8. 2010
  9. ncbi request reprint Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine for acute otitis media--yes or no?
    Heikki Peltola
    Helsinki University Central Hospital, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, 000290, Helsinki, Finland
    Lancet 361:2170-1. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint Mumps outbreaks in Canada and the United States: time for new thinking on mumps vaccines
    Heikki Peltola
    HUCH Hospital, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Infect Dis 45:459-66. 2007

Detail Information

Publications61

  1. doi request reprint Glycerol and bacterial meningitis: a response to the editorial commentary by Sáez-Llorens and McCracken
    Heikki Peltola
    Clin Infect Dis 46:1123-4. 2008
  2. doi request reprint Clindamycin vs. first-generation cephalosporins for acute osteoarticular infections of childhood--a prospective quasi-randomized controlled trial
    H Peltola
    Children s Hospital, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Microbiol Infect 18:582-9. 2012
    ..As most methicillin-resistant staphylococci remain clindamycin-sensitive, clindamycin remains an option instead of costly alternatives...
  3. pmc How to optimise the coverage rate of infant and adult immunisations in Europe
    Heinz J Schmitt
    Infectious Diseases Service at the Zentrum für Präventive Pädiatrie, Johannes Gutenberg Universitat, Mainz, Germany
    BMC Med 5:11. 2007
    ..Although vaccination has been proved to be a safe, efficacious, and cost-effective intervention, immunisation rates remain suboptimal in many European countries, resulting in poor control of many vaccine-preventable diseases...
  4. pmc Adjuvant glycerol is not beneficial in experimental pneumococcal meningitis
    Cornelia Blaser
    Institute for Infectious Diseases, University of Bern, 3010 Bern, Switzerland
    BMC Infect Dis 10:84. 2010
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Mumps and rubella eliminated from Finland
    H Peltola
    Hospital for Children and Adolescents, PO Box 281, FIN 00029 HUS, Helsinki, Finland
    JAMA 284:2643-7. 2000
    ..Despite the ongoing possibility of imported disease, major outbreaks probably can be avoided by maintaining high vaccination coverage and the 2-dose policy. JAMA. 2000;284:2643-2647...
  6. ncbi request reprint Diagnosis of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae type b meningitis by identifying DNA from cerebrospinal fluid-impregnated filter paper strips
    Heikki Peltola
    Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 29:111-4. 2010
    ..We tested the potential of real-time polymerase chain reaction to identify Streptococcus pneumoniae (Pnc) and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) from cerebrospinal fluid impregnated on filter paper strips...
  7. ncbi request reprint Adjuvant glycerol and/or dexamethasone to improve the outcomes of childhood bacterial meningitis: a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
    Heikki Peltola
    Helsinki University Central Hospital, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Infect Dis 45:1277-86. 2007
    ..Despite favorable meta-analyses, no study involving third-generation cephalosporins for the treatment of childhood bacterial meningitis has documented a benefit of adjuvant dexamethasone therapy if the outcomes are examined individually...
  8. doi request reprint Short- versus long-term antimicrobial treatment for acute hematogenous osteomyelitis of childhood: prospective, randomized trial on 131 culture-positive cases
    Heikki Peltola
    Helsinki University Central Hospital, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki, Finland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 29:1123-8. 2010
    ..Often they are administered for 1 to 2 months, the first 1 to 2 weeks intravenously, and decompressive surgery is usually added. No prospective, randomized, sufficiently powered comparative trial has been available...
  9. ncbi request reprint Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine for acute otitis media--yes or no?
    Heikki Peltola
    Helsinki University Central Hospital, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, 000290, Helsinki, Finland
    Lancet 361:2170-1. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint Mumps outbreaks in Canada and the United States: time for new thinking on mumps vaccines
    Heikki Peltola
    HUCH Hospital, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Infect Dis 45:459-66. 2007
    ..Epidemiological data are pivotal in mumps, because serological testing is subject to many interpretation problems...
  11. ncbi request reprint [Is the dream about malaria vaccination coming true?]
    Heikki Peltola
    HUS n lasten ja nuorten sairaala
    Duodecim 121:709-11. 2005
  12. ncbi request reprint Successful shortening from seven to four days of parenteral beta-lactam treatment for common childhood infections: a prospective and randomized study
    H Peltola
    Helsinki University Central Hospital, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Infect Dis 5:3-8. 2001
    ..To explore whether 4-day parenteral beta-lactam therapy is as effective as 7-day therapy for children hospitalized for parenteral antimicrobials...
  13. doi request reprint Naturally fluctuating low incidence of invasive pneumococcal infections not affected by large-scale haemophilus influenzae type B vaccination
    Heikki Peltola
    Helsinki University Central Hospital, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki, Finland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 29:777-9. 2010
    ..Streptococcus pneumoniae is an agent of special interest now that Hib conjugates have been used widely for more than 2 decades...
  14. doi request reprint Hearing impairment in childhood bacterial meningitis is little relieved by dexamethasone or glycerol
    Heikki Peltola
    Helsinki University Central Hospital, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, 11 Stenbäck St, PO Box 281, 00029 HUS Helsinki, Finland
    Pediatrics 125:e1-8. 2010
    ..We compared dexamethasone and/or glycerol recipients with placebo recipients, and measured hearing at 3 threshold levels...
  15. pmc Worldwide Haemophilus influenzae type b disease at the beginning of the 21st century: global analysis of the disease burden 25 years after the use of the polysaccharide vaccine and a decade after the advent of conjugates
    H Peltola
    Helsinki University Central Hospital, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Microbiol Rev 13:302-17. 2000
    ..The use of conjugates, preferably with a reduced number of doses and in combination with other vaccines or perhaps in fractional doses, should be extended to less privileged countries, where most Hib disease occurs...
  16. doi request reprint Prospective, randomized trial of 10 days versus 30 days of antimicrobial treatment, including a short-term course of parenteral therapy, for childhood septic arthritis
    Heikki Peltola
    Helsinki University Central Hospital, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Infect Dis 48:1201-10. 2009
    ..No sufficiently powered study has examined the true need for these treatments...
  17. ncbi request reprint Burden of meningitis and other severe bacterial infections of children in africa: implications for prevention
    H Peltola
    Helsinki University Central Hospital, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Infect Dis 32:64-75. 2001
    ..The only realistic way to combat these severe infections efficaciously would be through widespread vaccination, starting with Hib conjugates...
  18. doi request reprint Improving the outcomes in children with bacterial meningitis
    Heikki Peltola
    Helsinki University Central Hospital, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki, Finland
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 22:250-5. 2009
    ..Important new information was revealed by a large double-blind, prospective study from Latin America in which the effects of oral glycerol (GLY) were compared with those of DXM...
  19. doi request reprint Measles, mumps, and rubella in Finland: 25 years of a nationwide elimination programme
    Heikki Peltola
    Helsinki University Central Hospital, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki, Finland
    Lancet Infect Dis 8:796-803. 2008
    ..To maintain the absence of these diseases, the adopted policy should continue, but the country should also be prepared for prompt supplementary vaccinations in the case of epidemic outbreaks...
  20. pmc Incidence of Haemophilus influenzae type b meningitis during 18 years of vaccine use: observational study using routine hospital data
    Heikki Peltola
    Helsinki University Children s Hospital, PO Box 281, 00029 HUS, Helsinki, Finland
    BMJ 330:18-9. 2005
  21. doi request reprint Management of osteoarticular infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus is similar to that of other etiologies: analysis of 199 staphylococcal bone and joint infections
    Markus Pääkkönen
    Children s Hospital, Helsinki University Central Hospital, and University of Helsinki, Finland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 31:436-8. 2012
    ..Acute hematogenous osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, and their combination are considered to warrant especially aggressive treatment if caused by Staphylococcus aureus...
  22. pmc Sensitivity of erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein in childhood bone and joint infections
    Markus Pääkkönen
    Helsinki University Central Hospital, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Orthop Relat Res 468:861-6. 2010
    ..Measuring ESR and CRP on admission can help the clinician rule out an acute osteoarticular infection. CRP normalizes faster than ESR, providing a clear advantage in monitoring recovery...
  23. doi request reprint Waning antibody levels and avidity: implications for MMR vaccine-induced protection
    Mia Kontio
    Department of Infectious Disease Surveillance and Control, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    J Infect Dis 206:1542-8. 2012
    ..The measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine is effective in eliciting a good antibody response. In addition to the amount of antibodies, the avidity of these antibodies might be important in protecting against disease...
  24. doi request reprint C-reactive protein versus erythrocyte sedimentation rate, white blood cell count and alkaline phosphatase in diagnosing bacteraemia in bone and joint infections
    Markus Pääkkönen
    Children s Hospital, Helsinki University Central Hospital, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Paediatr Child Health 49:E189-92. 2013
    ..Instead, no information is available on serum alkaline phosphatase whose concentration is known to increase in septic conditions...
  25. doi request reprint MMR vaccination and disease elimination: the Finnish experience
    Irja Davidkin
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Vaccination and Immune Protection, Helsinki, Finland
    Expert Rev Vaccines 9:1045-53. 2010
    ..Here we present an overview of MMR vaccinations and the Finnish experience of the MMR disease elimination process, and we describe surveillance activities in the era following elimination in Finland...
  26. doi request reprint Otorhinolaryngological findings and hearing in HIV-positive and HIV-negative children in a developing country
    Anni Taipale
    Medical Faculty, Helsinki University, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 268:1527-32. 2011
    ..However, the overall high frequency and severity of the findings among the HIV-positive children require regular inclusion of the ORL area in these children's clinical evaluation...
  27. doi request reprint Differential diagnosis of acute central nervous system infections in children using modern microbiological methods
    Pasi Huttunen
    Department of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, 00029 HUS, Helsinki, Finland
    Acta Paediatr 98:1300-6. 2009
    ..We studied the potential of modern microbiological assays to improve this poor situation...
  28. doi request reprint Persistence of measles, mumps, and rubella antibodies in an MMR-vaccinated cohort: a 20-year follow-up
    Irja Davidkin
    National Public Health Institute, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Infect Dis 197:950-6. 2008
    ..The persistence of antibodies against measles, mumps, and rubella induced by the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine and the kinetics of antibody decline after the second MMR vaccine dose were studied in the same cohort for 20 years...
  29. doi request reprint Hearing loss in Angolan children with sickle-cell disease
    Anni Taipale
    Helsinki University Central Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Helsinki, Finland
    Pediatr Int 54:854-7. 2012
    ..Hearing loss and pneumococcal infections occur in children with sickle-cell disease (SCD). We assessed the prevalence of hearing loss and otological findings, especially otitis media, among children with SCD in Luanda, Angola...
  30. doi request reprint Shortened hospital stay for childhood bone and joint infections: analysis of 265 prospectively collected culture-positive cases in 1983-2005
    Markus Pääkkönen
    University of Helsinki, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Scand J Infect Dis 44:683-8. 2012
    ..In recent decades the treatment of childhood acute bone and joint infections has shifted towards shorter antibiotic courses and rapid transition to oral therapy...
  31. ncbi request reprint Etiological diagnosis of childhood pneumonia by use of transthoracic needle aspiration and modern microbiological methods
    Elina Vuori-Holopainen
    Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki University Central Hospital, 00029 HUS, Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Infect Dis 34:583-90. 2002
    ..Aspiration's advantages are high microbiological yield and a relatively low risk of a clinically significant adverse event. Aspiration should be used if identification of the causative agent outweighs the modest risk of the procedure...
  32. doi request reprint Hearing impairment and its predictors in childhood bacterial meningitis in Angola
    Irmeli Roine
    University Diego Portales, Santiago, Chile
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 32:563-5. 2013
    ..Of all children, 74% recovered without impairment, 5% had unilateral and 11% bilateral impairment. Seizures before or during hospital stay and disease severity were the best predictors of ≥ 80 dB impairment...
  33. doi request reprint Simplifying the treatment of acute bacterial bone and joint infections in children
    Markus Pääkkönen
    University of Helsinki, and Children s Hospital, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 9:1125-31. 2011
    ..Clindamycin, vancomycin and expensive linezolid are options against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Extensive surgery beyond a diagnostic sample by aspiration is rarely needed in uncomplicated cases...
  34. doi request reprint Pediatric septic hip with or without arthrotomy: retrospective analysis of 62 consecutive nonneonatal culture-positive cases
    Markus Pääkkönen
    Helsinki University Central Hospital, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki bMikkeli Central Hospital, Mikkeli, Finland
    J Pediatr Orthop B 19:264-9. 2010
    ..All patients recovered completely. Routine arthrotomy in nonneonatal hip arthritis warrants reconsideration...
  35. ncbi request reprint Setting up hearing screening in meningitis children in Luanda, Angola
    Anne Pitkaranta
    Helsinki University Central Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Haartamaninkatu 4, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 71:1929-31. 2007
  36. ncbi request reprint What can children gain from pneumococcal conjugate vaccines?
    Heikki Peltola
    Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Pediatr 163:509-16. 2004
    ..Because of variation in the ranking of serotypes most commonly responsible for pneumococcal disease, by region, age and disease manifestation, compromise was required in selecting serotype-specific saccharides for inclusion...
  37. doi request reprint Slow initial β-lactam infusion and oral paracetamol to treat childhood bacterial meningitis: a randomised, controlled trial
    Tuula Pelkonen
    David Bernardino Children s Hospital, Luanda, Angola Children s Hospital, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Lancet Infect Dis 11:613-21. 2011
    ..Paracetamol seems to have beneficial effects in bacteraemic adults and some experts recommend initial slow β-lactam infusion. We investigated whether these treatments had benefits in children with bacterial meningitis...
  38. ncbi request reprint Etiology of mumps-like illnesses in children and adolescents vaccinated for measles, mumps, and rubella
    Irja Davidkin
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    J Infect Dis 191:719-23. 2005
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint Long-term persistence of immunity after immunisation with Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine
    P Helena Makela
    National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, FIN 00300, Helsinki, Finland
    Vaccine 22:287-92. 2003
    ..A mathematical model, including memory, predicted accurately the Hib-ab concentrations, which are maintained through anamnestic responses to intervening stimuli (Hib or cross-reacting bacteria)...
  40. ncbi request reprint Allergic reactions to measles-mumps-rubella vaccination
    A Patja
    Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland
    Pediatrics 107:E27. 2001
    ..Other allergenic vaccine components have been sought, and gelatin has been suggested as one cause of allergic adverse events. The aim of this study was to further characterize the actual allergenic vaccine components...
  41. pmc Spectrum and burden of severe Haemophilus influenzae type b diseases in Asia
    H Peltola
    HUCH Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki, Finland
    Bull World Health Organ 77:878-87. 1999
    ..The issue will be fully elucidated only by prospective epidemiological and clinical studies, but awaiting them should not delay large-scale vaccinations against Hib throughout Asia...
  42. ncbi request reprint Serious adverse events after measles-mumps-rubella vaccination during a fourteen-year prospective follow-up
    A Patja
    Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 19:1127-34. 2000
    ..Several disorders have been attributed to measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccination during the past decade. The aim of this prospective follow-up study was to identify serious adverse events causally related to MMR vaccination...
  43. doi request reprint Preceding trauma in childhood hematogenous bone and joint infections
    Markus Pääkkönen
    aDepartment of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Turku University Hospital, University of Turku, Turku bChildren s Hospital, Helsinki University Central Hospital, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Pediatr Orthop B 23:196-9. 2014
    ..Preceding minor trauma did not prove to be significant as an etiological or as a prognostic factor. ..
  44. doi request reprint Chronic suppurative otitis media in children of Luanda, Angola
    Anni Taipale
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki University, Medical Faculty, Helsinki, Finland
    Acta Paediatr 100:e84-8. 2011
    ..Evaluation of clinical characteristics, bacteriology and hearing in paediatric patients with and without chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) in Luanda, Angola...
  45. doi request reprint Picornaviruses in cerebrospinal fluid of children with meningitis in Luanda, Angola
    Tuula Pelkonen
    Pediatric Hospital David Bernardino, Luanda, Angola
    J Med Virol 84:1080-3. 2012
    ..Mixed infections of the CNS with picornaviruses and bacteria are rare. Detection of an enterovirus does not affect the clinical picture and outcome of bacterial meningitis...
  46. ncbi request reprint Neurologic disorders after measles-mumps-rubella vaccination
    Annamari Mäkelä
    Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Pediatrics 110:957-63. 2002
    ..The available evidence concerning several of the postulated complications is controversial. The aim of this study was to assess whether an association prevails between MMR vaccination and encephalitis, aseptic meningitis, and autism...
  47. ncbi request reprint Acute infections, infection pressure, and atopy
    M Paunio
    Department of Health, Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Exp Allergy 36:634-9. 2006
    ..We thus investigated associations between acute infections, infection pressure (i.e. number of daily child contacts) and atopy in one of the largest population-based medical surveys ever published in the medical literature...
  48. doi request reprint Glycerol and acetaminophen as adjuvant therapy did not affect the outcome of bacterial meningitis in malawian children
    Elizabeth M Molyneux
    From the Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, College of Medicine, Malawi Northern Institute for Cancer Research, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK National Institute for Health and Welfare and Children s Hospital, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 33:214-6. 2014
    ..Outcomes were similar for all groups. We found no benefit from oral glycerol or rectal acetaminophen in, mostly pneumococcal, meningitis in Malawian children. ..
  49. doi request reprint Treatment of acute septic arthritis
    Markus Pääkkönen
    Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University of Turku, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 32:684-5. 2013
    ..Treatment of neonates, patients with immunodeficiency or cases caused by methicillin-resistant S. aureus, may deserve a different approach. ..
  50. ncbi request reprint Measles history and atopic diseases: a population-based cross-sectional study
    M Paunio
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    JAMA 283:343-6. 2000
    ..Many recent cross-sectional studies have suggested that lack of early exposure to communicable diseases, including measles, in affluent countries may have increased rates of atopic disease...
  51. ncbi request reprint Duration of rubella immunity induced by two-dose measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccination. A 15-year follow-up in Finland
    I Davidkin
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Vaccine 18:3106-12. 2000
    ..A careful surveillance including serological follow-up is therefore very important...
  52. ncbi request reprint Risk of Guillain-Barré syndrome after measles-mumps-rubella vaccination
    A Patja
    Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    J Pediatr 138:250-4. 2001
    ..Respiratory or gastrointestinal tract infection predated the onset of GBS by 3 to 30 days in 20 (83%) of the 24 patients. CONCLUSIONS: No causal association seems to prevail between MMR vaccination and GBS...
  53. ncbi request reprint Narrow- versus broad-spectrum parenteral anatimicrobials against common infections of childhood: a prospective and randomised comparison between penicillin and cefuroxime
    E Vuori-Holopainen
    Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland
    Eur J Pediatr 159:878-84. 2000
    ..No adverse event was attributable to either drug...
  54. ncbi request reprint Etiology of measles- and rubella-like illnesses in measles, mumps, and rubella-vaccinated children
    I Davidkin
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    J Infect Dis 178:1567-70. 1998
    ..Each suspected vaccine failure requires laboratory confirmation to maintain reliable surveillance and control and to establish the specific etiology of the disease...
  55. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of rubella in Finland
    I Davidkin
    National Public Health Institute KTL, Helsinki, Finland
    Euro Surveill 9:13-4. 2004
    ..The last CRS case was recorded in 1986. As a result of the high coverage two dose MMR vaccination programme, rubella was successfully eliminated from Finland. How long the acquired protection will last remains to be seen...
  56. ncbi request reprint Relative frequency of Haemophilus influenzae type b pneumonia in Chinese children as evidenced by serology
    Ya Juan Wang
    Beijing Children s Hospital, China
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 21:271-7. 2002
    ..In two prospective series of children hospitalized for pneumonia in China, the causative agents were searched for with a wide panel of microbiologic assays...
  57. doi request reprint Increase in serum osmolality is possible mechanism for the beneficial effects of glycerol in childhood bacterial meningitis
    Sunit Singhi
    Department of Pediatrics, Advanced Pediatrics Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 27:892-6. 2008
    ..We conducted a prospective, randomized, double-blind study in which the effects of glycerol and intravenous dexamethasone were compared with placebo recipients in an intensive care setting in India...
  58. ncbi request reprint Child vaccination policies in Europe: a report from the Summits of Independent European Vaccination Experts
    Heinz J Schmitt
    Paediatric Infectious Diseases, Epidemiology and Vaccine Development, Centre for Preventive Paediatrics, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany
    Lancet Infect Dis 3:103-8. 2003
    ..The system as well as the schedule used would then be of minor importance...
  59. ncbi request reprint IgG avidity to distinguish secondary from primary measles vaccination failures: prospects for a more effective global measles elimination strategy
    Mikko Paunio
    Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, PO Box 33, 00023 Government, Finland
    Expert Opin Pharmacother 4:1215-25. 2003
    ..The results may have wide implications on global measles eradication efforts. The potential of IgG avidity measurement in complex postvaccination measles epidemiology is discussed...
  60. ncbi request reprint Should healthy children be vaccinated against influenza? A consensus report of the Summits of Independent European Vaccination Experts
    Terho Heikkinen
    Department of Pediatrics, Turku University Hospital, 20520, Turku, Finland
    Eur J Pediatr 165:223-8. 2006
    ..Annual influenza vaccination should be recommended to all children from 6 months to 3 years of age...
  61. doi request reprint Influence of admission findings on death and neurological outcome from childhood bacterial meningitis
    Irmeli Roine
    Universidad Diego Portales, Facultad de Ciencias de Salud, Santiago, Chile
    Clin Infect Dis 46:1248-52. 2008
    ..This finding emphasizes the need of including a measurement of the presenting status in all studies examining treatment efficacy...