Neil J Cronin

Summary

Country: Finland

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Spatial variability of muscle activity during human walking: the effects of different EMG normalization approaches
    N J Cronin
    Neuromuscular Research Centre, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, P O Box 35, 40014 Jyvaskyla, Finland Electronic address
    Neuroscience 300:19-28. 2015
  2. doi request reprint The effects of high heeled shoes on female gait: a review
    Neil J Cronin
    Neuromuscular Research Centre, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland Electronic address
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 24:258-63. 2014
  3. doi request reprint Treadmill versus overground and barefoot versus shod comparisons of triceps surae fascicle behaviour in human walking and running
    Neil J Cronin
    Neuromuscular Research Centre, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Gait Posture 38:528-33. 2013
  4. doi request reprint Differences in contractile behaviour between the soleus and medial gastrocnemius muscles during human walking
    Neil J Cronin
    Neuromuscular Research Centre, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    J Exp Biol 216:909-14. 2013
  5. doi request reprint The use of ultrasound to study muscle-tendon function in human posture and locomotion
    Neil J Cronin
    Neuromuscular Research Centre, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Gait Posture 37:305-12. 2013
  6. doi request reprint Long-term use of high-heeled shoes alters the neuromechanics of human walking
    Neil J Cronin
    Neuromuscular Research Centre, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 112:1054-8. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Automatic tracking of medial gastrocnemius fascicle length during human locomotion
    Neil J Cronin
    Musculoskeletal Research Program, Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 111:1491-6. 2011
  8. doi request reprint Lower limb muscle moments and power during recovery from forward loss of balance in male and female single and multiple steppers
    Christopher P Carty
    Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, Griffith Health Institute and School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 27:1031-7. 2012
  9. doi request reprint Decreased lower limb muscle recruitment contributes to the inability of older adults to recover with a single step following a forward loss of balance
    Neil J Cronin
    Neuromuscular Research Centre, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 23:1139-44. 2013
  10. ncbi request reprint Achilles tendon stiffness is unchanged one hour after a marathon
    Jussi Peltonen
    Neuromuscular Research Center, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Jyväskylä 40014, Finland
    J Exp Biol 215:3665-71. 2012

Detail Information

Publications24

  1. doi request reprint Spatial variability of muscle activity during human walking: the effects of different EMG normalization approaches
    N J Cronin
    Neuromuscular Research Centre, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, P O Box 35, 40014 Jyvaskyla, Finland Electronic address
    Neuroscience 300:19-28. 2015
    ..For the peak value and MVC approaches, different electrode locations likely have minor effects on normalized results, whereas electrode location should be carefully considered when normalizing walking sEMG data to maximal M-waves...
  2. doi request reprint The effects of high heeled shoes on female gait: a review
    Neil J Cronin
    Neuromuscular Research Centre, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland Electronic address
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 24:258-63. 2014
    ..Controversial issues, common study limitations and directions for future research are also addressed in detail. ..
  3. doi request reprint Treadmill versus overground and barefoot versus shod comparisons of triceps surae fascicle behaviour in human walking and running
    Neil J Cronin
    Neuromuscular Research Centre, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Gait Posture 38:528-33. 2013
    ....
  4. doi request reprint Differences in contractile behaviour between the soleus and medial gastrocnemius muscles during human walking
    Neil J Cronin
    Neuromuscular Research Centre, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    J Exp Biol 216:909-14. 2013
    ..This may be especially true when walking for prolonged periods or at speeds above the most energetically efficient, where the force potential and thus the functional importance of MG appears to decline...
  5. doi request reprint The use of ultrasound to study muscle-tendon function in human posture and locomotion
    Neil J Cronin
    Neuromuscular Research Centre, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Gait Posture 37:305-12. 2013
    ..Methods of data analysis are introduced, including novel automated techniques that improve the efficiency of the analysis process. Finally, possible future directions in musculoskeletal ultrasound research are discussed...
  6. doi request reprint Long-term use of high-heeled shoes alters the neuromechanics of human walking
    Neil J Cronin
    Neuromuscular Research Centre, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 112:1054-8. 2012
    ..Long-term HH use may also increase the risk of strain injuries...
  7. doi request reprint Automatic tracking of medial gastrocnemius fascicle length during human locomotion
    Neil J Cronin
    Musculoskeletal Research Program, Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 111:1491-6. 2011
    ..88 ± 0.08 (95% CI: 0.79-0.96). The automated fascicle tracking method presented here is a robust, reliable, and time-efficient alternative to the manual analysis of muscle fascicle length during gait...
  8. doi request reprint Lower limb muscle moments and power during recovery from forward loss of balance in male and female single and multiple steppers
    Christopher P Carty
    Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, Griffith Health Institute and School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 27:1031-7. 2012
    ....
  9. doi request reprint Decreased lower limb muscle recruitment contributes to the inability of older adults to recover with a single step following a forward loss of balance
    Neil J Cronin
    Neuromuscular Research Centre, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 23:1139-44. 2013
    ..Thus, modulation of EMG amplitude plays a larger role in balance recovery than EMG timing in this context. ..
  10. ncbi request reprint Achilles tendon stiffness is unchanged one hour after a marathon
    Jussi Peltonen
    Neuromuscular Research Center, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Jyväskylä 40014, Finland
    J Exp Biol 215:3665-71. 2012
    ..In addition, decreased running economy, as well as altered foot strike technique, was probably attributable to muscle fatigue...
  11. pmc Mechanisms of adaptation from a multiple to a single step recovery strategy following repeated exposure to forward loss of balance in older adults
    Christopher P Carty
    Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, Griffith Health Institute and School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia
    PLoS ONE 7:e33591. 2012
    ..Adaptations occurred within a single test session and suggest older adults that are close to the threshold of successful recovery can rapidly improve dynamic stability following repeated exposure to a forward loss of balance...
  12. doi request reprint Lower limb muscle weakness predicts use of a multiple- versus single-step strategy to recover from forward loss of balance in older adults
    Christopher P Carty
    Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus, Queensland, Australia 4222
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 67:1246-52. 2012
    ..The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether age, sex, and/or lower limb strength predicted the stepping strategy used to recover from a forward loss of balance...
  13. doi request reprint Adaptive recovery responses to repeated forward loss of balance in older adults
    Rod S Barrett
    School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Musculoskeletal Research Program, Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus, Queensland 4222, Australia
    J Biomech 45:183-7. 2012
    ..The observed adaptations occurred within a single testing session and need to be considered in the design of balance recovery experiments...
  14. doi request reprint In vivo mechanical response of human Achilles tendon to a single bout of hopping exercise
    Jussi Peltonen
    Neuromuscular Research Center, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    J Exp Biol 213:1259-65. 2010
    ..7 kN (P<0.01). As the proposed decline in stiffness was not observed, it is concluded that mechanical fatigue did not take place in the AT of healthy individuals after a single bout of high-impact exercise performed until exhaustion...
  15. doi request reprint Neural compensation within the human triceps surae during prolonged walking
    Neil J Cronin
    Neuromuscular Research Centre, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Jyvaskyla, Finland
    J Neurophysiol 105:548-53. 2011
    ....
  16. doi request reprint Age-related neuromuscular function and dynamic balance control during slow and fast balance perturbations
    Jarmo M Piirainen
    Neuromuscular Research Center, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Jyvaskyla, Finland
    J Neurophysiol 110:2557-62. 2013
    ..05) for anterior perturbations. Age-related differences in balance control seem to be more evident in anterior than posterior perturbations, and rapid sensory feedback is generally important for balance perturbation recovery...
  17. pmc Triceps surae short latency stretch reflexes contribute to ankle stiffness regulation during human running
    Neil J Cronin
    Musculoskeletal Research Program, School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia
    PLoS ONE 6:e23917. 2011
    ..This finding suggests that the SLR has greater functional importance at slow to intermediate running speeds than at faster speeds...
  18. doi request reprint Reactive stepping behaviour in response to forward loss of balance predicts future falls in community-dwelling older adults
    Christopher P Carty
    Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, Griffith Health Institute and School of Allied Health Sciences, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia
    Age Ageing 44:109-15. 2015
    ..The purpose of this 12-month prospective study was to assess whether the ability to recover from a forward loss of balance with a single step across a range of lean magnitudes was predictive of falls...
  19. doi request reprint Ultrasonography as a tool to study afferent feedback from the muscle-tendon complex during human walking
    Neil J Cronin
    School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 21:197-207. 2011
    ....
  20. doi request reprint Triceps surae muscle-tendon properties in older endurance- and sprint-trained athletes
    Lauri Stenroth
    Neuromuscular Research Center, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Jyvaskyla, Finland and Gerontology Research Center and Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyvaskyla, Jyvaskyla, Finland
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 120:63-9. 2016
    ..Shorter soleus muscle fascicles in OE runners may be an adaptation to life-long endurance running. ..
  21. doi request reprint Effects of plyometric and pneumatic explosive strength training on neuromuscular function and dynamic balance control in 60-70year old males
    Jarmo M Piirainen
    Neuromuscular Research Center, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland Electronic address
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 24:246-52. 2014
    ..775, p<0.05; PNE r=-0.734, p<0.05) after training, the results also highlight the importance of targeting rapid force production when training older adults to improve dynamic balance...
  22. doi request reprint Does ankle joint power reflect type of muscle action of soleus and gastrocnemius during walking in cats and humans?
    Neil J Cronin
    Neuromuscular Research Centre, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    J Biomech 46:1383-6. 2013
    ..We conclude that ankle joint negative power does not necessarily indicate eccentric action of muscle fibers and that positive power cannot be exclusively attributed to muscle concentric action, especially in humans...
  23. doi request reprint EMG and force production of the flexor hallucis longus muscle in isometric plantarflexion and the push-off phase of walking
    Annamária Péter
    University of Jyvaskyla, Neuromuscular Research Centre, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, P O Box 35, 40014 Jyvaskyla, Finland Electronic address
    J Biomech 48:3413-9. 2015
    ..Moreover, substantial differences were found between isometric plantarflexion and walking concerning FHL activity relative to that of the calf muscles, highlighting the task-dependant behaviour of FHL. ..
  24. doi request reprint Triceps surae fascicle stretch is poorly correlated with short latency stretch reflex size
    Neil J Cronin
    Neuromuscular Research Centre, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Viveca, P O Box 35, Jyvaskyla, 40014, Finland
    Muscle Nerve 52:245-51. 2015
    ..One hypothesis states that reflex size is proportional to muscle fiber stretch, so in this study we examined the relationship between these 2 parameters in human triceps surae muscles...