P Aagaard

Summary

Affiliation: University of Copenhagen
Country: Denmark

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Training-induced changes in neural function
    Per Aagaard
    Department of Neurophysiology, Institute of Medical Physiology, Panum Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Exerc Sport Sci Rev 31:61-7. 2003
  2. ncbi request reprint Neural inhibition during maximal eccentric and concentric quadriceps contraction: effects of resistance training
    P Aagaard
    Department of Neurophysiology, Institute of Medical Physiology, Panum Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 89:2249-57. 2000
  3. ncbi request reprint Neural adaptation to resistance training: changes in evoked V-wave and H-reflex responses
    Per Aagaard
    Department of Neurophysiology, Institute of Medical Physiology, Denmark
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 92:2309-18. 2002
  4. pmc A mechanism for increased contractile strength of human pennate muscle in response to strength training: changes in muscle architecture
    P Aagaard
    Department of Neurophysiology, Institute of Medical Physiology 16 5 5, Panum Institute, Blegdamsvej 3, 2200 Kbh N, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Physiol 534:613-23. 2001
  5. ncbi request reprint Correlation between contractile strength and myosin heavy chain isoform composition in human skeletal muscle
    P Aagaard
    Department of Medical Physiology Panum Institute, Denmark
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 30:1217-22. 1998
  6. ncbi request reprint Isokinetic muscle strength and capacity for muscular knee joint stabilization in elite sailors
    P Aagaard
    Department of Exercise Physiology, Rigshospitalet University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Int J Sports Med 18:521-5. 1997
  7. ncbi request reprint Increased rate of force development and neural drive of human skeletal muscle following resistance training
    Per Aagaard
    Department of Neurophysiology, Institute of Medical Physiology, Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, DK 2200 Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 93:1318-26. 2002
  8. doi request reprint Recreational soccer is an effective health-promoting activity for untrained men
    P Krustrup
    University of Copenhagen, Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre, The August Krogh Building, Universitetsparken 13, Copenhagen 2100 Ø, Denmark
    Br J Sports Med 43:825-31. 2009
  9. ncbi request reprint Region specific patellar tendon hypertrophy in humans following resistance training
    M Kongsgaard
    Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Acta Physiol (Oxf) 191:111-21. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint Mechanical properties of the human patellar tendon, in vivo
    P Hansen
    Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Hospital, Bispebjerg Bakke 23, Denmark
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 21:54-8. 2006

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications80

  1. ncbi request reprint Training-induced changes in neural function
    Per Aagaard
    Department of Neurophysiology, Institute of Medical Physiology, Panum Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Exerc Sport Sci Rev 31:61-7. 2003
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Neural inhibition during maximal eccentric and concentric quadriceps contraction: effects of resistance training
    P Aagaard
    Department of Neurophysiology, Institute of Medical Physiology, Panum Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 89:2249-57. 2000
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint Neural adaptation to resistance training: changes in evoked V-wave and H-reflex responses
    Per Aagaard
    Department of Neurophysiology, Institute of Medical Physiology, Denmark
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 92:2309-18. 2002
    ..e., increased central motor drive, elevated motoneuron excitability, reduced presynaptic inhibition)...
  4. pmc A mechanism for increased contractile strength of human pennate muscle in response to strength training: changes in muscle architecture
    P Aagaard
    Department of Neurophysiology, Institute of Medical Physiology 16 5 5, Panum Institute, Blegdamsvej 3, 2200 Kbh N, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Physiol 534:613-23. 2001
    ..This interaction seems to include the specific adaptation responses evoked by intensive resistance training...
  5. ncbi request reprint Correlation between contractile strength and myosin heavy chain isoform composition in human skeletal muscle
    P Aagaard
    Department of Medical Physiology Panum Institute, Denmark
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 30:1217-22. 1998
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between myosin heavy chain (MHC) composition and maximal contraction strength of the human quadriceps femoris muscle...
  6. ncbi request reprint Isokinetic muscle strength and capacity for muscular knee joint stabilization in elite sailors
    P Aagaard
    Department of Exercise Physiology, Rigshospitalet University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Int J Sports Med 18:521-5. 1997
    ..A significant potential for muscular knee joint stabilization appeared for the elite sailors despite their high maximal quadriceps strength and partially lower (SF) conventional H/Q ratios...
  7. ncbi request reprint Increased rate of force development and neural drive of human skeletal muscle following resistance training
    Per Aagaard
    Department of Neurophysiology, Institute of Medical Physiology, Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, DK 2200 Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 93:1318-26. 2002
    ..These findings could be explained by an enhanced neural drive, as evidenced by marked increases in EMG signal amplitude and rate of EMG rise in the early phase of muscle contraction...
  8. doi request reprint Recreational soccer is an effective health-promoting activity for untrained men
    P Krustrup
    University of Copenhagen, Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre, The August Krogh Building, Universitetsparken 13, Copenhagen 2100 Ø, Denmark
    Br J Sports Med 43:825-31. 2009
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Region specific patellar tendon hypertrophy in humans following resistance training
    M Kongsgaard
    Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Acta Physiol (Oxf) 191:111-21. 2007
    ..To examine if cross-sectional area (CSA) differs along the length of the human patellar tendon (PT), and if there is PT hypertrophy in response to resistance training...
  10. ncbi request reprint Mechanical properties of the human patellar tendon, in vivo
    P Hansen
    Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Hospital, Bispebjerg Bakke 23, Denmark
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 21:54-8. 2006
    ..We examine the accuracy of human patellar tendon elongation, in vivo, and its within-day and between-day reproducibility...
  11. pmc Load-displacement properties of the human triceps surae aponeurosis in vivo
    S P Magnusson
    Team Danmark Test Center Sports Medicine Research Unit, Bispebjerg Hospital, Bispebjerg Bakke 23, 2400 Copenhagen NV, Denmark
    J Physiol 531:277-88. 2001
    ..The stiffness and Young's modulus exceeded those previously reported for the tibialis anterior tendon in vivo, but were similar to those obtained for various isolated mammalian and human tendons...
  12. ncbi request reprint Effect of habitual exercise on the structural and mechanical properties of human tendon, in vivo, in men and women
    E Westh
    Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 18:23-30. 2008
    ..These data indirectly suggest that the ability of Achilles and patellar tendons to adapt in response to habitual loading such as running is attenuated in women...
  13. doi request reprint The effects of immobilization on the mechanical properties of the patellar tendon in younger and older men
    C Couppe
    Institute of Sports Medicine, Bispebjerg Hospital and Center for Healthy Aging, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark Department of Physical Therapy, Bispebjerg Hospital, Denmark
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 27:949-54. 2012
    ..The purpose was to examine the effects of short-term unilateral immobilization on the structural and mechanical properties of the patellar tendon in older men and younger men, in vivo...
  14. doi request reprint Recreational football training decreases risk factors for bone fractures in untrained premenopausal women
    E W Helge
    Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 20:31-9. 2010
    ..In conclusion, 14 weeks of regular recreational football improved peak jump power, maximal hamstring strength and vBMD in the distal tibia, suggesting a decreased fracture risk due to stronger bones and a reduced risk of falling...
  15. doi request reprint Changes in muscle size and MHC composition in response to resistance exercise with heavy and light loading intensity
    L Holm
    Institute of Sports Medicine, Bispebjerg Hospital, Bispebjerg Bakke 23, DK 2400 Copenhagen NV, Denmark
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 105:1454-61. 2008
    ..However, LL resistance training was inferior to HL training in evoking adaptive changes in muscle size and contractile strength and was insufficient to induce changes in MHC composition...
  16. doi request reprint Effects of aging on human skeletal muscle after immobilization and retraining
    C Suetta
    Institute of Sports Medicine, Bispebjerg Hospital, Bispebjerg Bakke 23, 2400 NV Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 107:1172-80. 2009
    ..In addition, old individuals showed an attenuated response to retraining after immobilization compared with young individuals...
  17. doi request reprint Mechanical properties and collagen cross-linking of the patellar tendon in old and young men
    C Couppe
    Institute of Sports Medicine, Bispebjerg Hospital and Center for Healthy Aging, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 2400 Copenhagen NV, Denmark
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 107:880-6. 2009
    ..Collagen concentration was reduced, whereas both enzymatic and nonenzymatic cross-linking of concentration was elevated in OM vs. in YM, which may be a mechanism to maintain the mechanical properties of tendon with aging...
  18. doi request reprint Biomechanical properties of isolated fascicles of the Iliopsoas and Achilles tendons in African American and Caucasian men
    P Hanson
    Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Ann Anat 194:457-60. 2012
    ....
  19. doi request reprint Acute fatigue impairs neuromuscular activity of anterior cruciate ligament-agonist muscles in female team handball players
    M K Zebis
    Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 21:833-40. 2011
    ..Thus, screening procedures should involve functional movements to reveal specific fatigue-induced deficits in ACL-agonist muscle activation during high-risk phases of match play...
  20. ncbi request reprint Decline eccentric squats increases patellar tendon loading compared to standard eccentric squats
    M Kongsgaard
    Institute of Sports Medicine, Bispebjerg Hospital, Department 8 Bispebjerg bakke 23, 2400 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 21:748-54. 2006
    ..This study aimed to compare electromyography activity, patellar tendon strain and joint angle kinematics during standard and decline eccentric squats...
  21. doi request reprint Muscle function and postural balance in lifelong trained male footballers compared with sedentary elderly men and youngsters
    E Sundstrup
    Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Section of Human Physiology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 20:90-7. 2010
    ..The superior RFD and balance in elderly footballers were of such a magnitude that no deficit could be observed when compared with young untrained individuals...
  22. ncbi request reprint Structural Achilles tendon properties in athletes subjected to different exercise modes and in Achilles tendon rupture patients
    M Kongsgaard
    Institute of Sports Medicine, Bispebjerg Hospital, 2400 Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 99:1965-71. 2005
    ..569, P < 0.001). This study is the first to show larger CSA in tendons that are subjected to intermittent high loads. AT rupture patients did not display differences in structural or loading properties of the tendons...
  23. ncbi request reprint Differential strain patterns of the human gastrocnemius aponeurosis and free tendon, in vivo
    S P Magnusson
    Team Denmark Test Center Sports Medicine Research Unit, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen NV, Denmark
    Acta Physiol Scand 177:185-95. 2003
    ..The present study evaluated the longitudinal displacement of the separate free Achilles tendon and distal (deep) aponeurosis of the medial gastrocnemius muscle during voluntary isometric contraction...
  24. ncbi request reprint Passive energy absorption by human muscle-tendon unit is unaffected by increase in intramuscular temperature
    S P Magnusson
    Team Danmark Test Center Sports Medicine Research Unit and Clinical Unit of Preventive Medicine, Bispebjerg Hospital, 2400 Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 88:1215-20. 2000
    ..These data suggest that passive energy absorption of the human skeletal muscle is insensitive to physiological increases in intramuscular temperature...
  25. ncbi request reprint Region-specific mechanical properties of the human patella tendon
    B T Haraldsson
    Institute Sports Medicine, Bispebjerg Hospital, Bispebjerg Bakke 23, 2400 Copenhagen NV, Denmark
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 98:1006-12. 2005
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Effect of habitual running on human Achilles tendon load-deformation properties and cross-sectional area
    P Hansen
    Team Danmark Test Center Sports Medicine Research Unit, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Appl Physiol 95:2375-80. 2003
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Passive knee joint range of motion is unrelated to the mechanical properties of the patellar tendon
    J Bojsen-Møller
    Institute of Sports Medicine, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 17:415-21. 2007
    ..81+/-0.35 vs inflexible: 1.22+/-0.52 GPa) were not different between the two groups of subjects. These data suggest that differences in knee joint ROM cannot be explained by the mechanical properties of the patellar tendon...
  28. doi request reprint Corticosteroid administration alters the mechanical properties of isolated collagen fascicles in rat-tail tendon
    B T Haraldsson
    Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 19:621-6. 2009
    ..05, and 537+/-27 vs 641+/-30 MPa, P<0.05, respectively), while the strain properties were unaffected. Peak stress was similar between the two groups. There was no difference in fascicle diameter between the two groups...
  29. doi request reprint Glucosamine but not ibuprofen alters cartilage turnover in osteoarthritis patients in response to physical training
    S G Petersen
    Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Osteoarthritis Cartilage 18:34-40. 2010
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Viscoelastic stress relaxation during static stretch in human skeletal muscle in the absence of EMG activity
    S P Magnusson
    Team Danmark Test Center, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 6:323-8. 1996
    ..The present data demonstrate that no measurable EMG activity was detected in either group during the static stretch maneuver. Therefore, the decline in resistance to static stretch was a viscoelastic stress relaxation response...
  31. ncbi request reprint Mechanisms contributing to different joint moments observed during human walking
    E B Simonsen
    Institute of Medical Anatomy Section C, Panum Institute, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 7:1-13. 1997
    ..In vertical jumping it is advantageous to generate extensor moments about the knee and hip joint simultaneously, while in horizontal locomotion this would result in inefficient vertical movements...
  32. ncbi request reprint Passive energy return after repeated stretches of the hamstring muscle-tendon unit
    S P Magnusson
    Team Danmark Test Center Sports Medicine Research Unit, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 32:1160-4. 2000
    ..However, a total of 7.5 min (5 x 90 s) of stretching for a single muscle group may be an unrealistic stretching program...
  33. ncbi request reprint Load-displacement properties of the human triceps surae aponeurosis and tendon in runners and non-runners
    S Rosager
    Team Danmark Test Center Sports Medicine Research Unit, Department of Radiology, MRI Section, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 12:90-8. 2002
    ..8% and 38.2 +/- 9.8 MPa in non-runners and 4.1 +/- 0.8% and 26.3 +/- 5.1 MPa in runners. The larger tendon cross-sectional area in trained runners suggests that chronic exposure to repetitive loading has resulted in a tissue adaptation...
  34. ncbi request reprint Measuring mechanical properties of the vastus lateralis tendon-aponeurosis complex in vivo by ultrasound imaging
    J Bojsen-Møller
    Sports Medicine Research Unit Team Denmark Test center, Bispebjerg Hospital, Bispebjerg Bakke 23, 2400 Copenhagen NV, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 13:259-65. 2003
    ....
  35. doi request reprint Corticosteroid injections, eccentric decline squat training and heavy slow resistance training in patellar tendinopathy
    M Kongsgaard
    Institute of Sports Medicine, Department 8, Bispebjerg Hospital and Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 19:790-802. 2009
    ..Conclusively, CORT has good short-term but poor long-term clinical effects, in patellar tendinopathy. HSR has good short- and long-term clinical effects accompanied by pathology improvement and increased collagen turnover...
  36. ncbi request reprint Viscoelastic properties and flexibility of the human muscle-tendon unit in benign joint hypermobility syndrome
    S P Magnusson
    Team Danmark Test Center Sports Medicine Research Unit, Clinical Unit of Preventive Medicine, and Department of Rheumatology, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Rheumatol 28:2720-5. 2001
    ..To examine the passive energy absorption of the hamstring muscle-tendon unit in 9 women with benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS) and 9 age and sex matched controls...
  37. pmc Myofibre damage in human skeletal muscle: effects of electrical stimulation versus voluntary contraction
    R M Crameri
    Department of Exercise Science, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada, and Institute of Sports Medicine, Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Hospital, Denmark
    J Physiol 583:365-80. 2007
    ..An increase in tenascin C expression in the midbelly of the skeletal muscle in both legs provides further evidence of a potential role for the extracellular matrix in the phenomenon of delayed onset of muscle soreness...
  38. pmc A mechanism for altered flexibility in human skeletal muscle
    S P Magnusson
    Team Danmark Test Center, Copenhagen Muscle Research Center, University of Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet Afsnit 2001, Denmark
    J Physiol 497:291-8. 1996
    ....
  39. doi request reprint Effect of growth hormone on aging connective tissue in muscle and tendon: gene expression, morphology, and function following immobilization and rehabilitation
    A P Boesen
    Department of Ortopaedic Surgery M, Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Hospital, and Center for Healthy Aging, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 116:192-203. 2014
    ..In conclusion, in elderly humans, GH seems to have a matrix stabilizing effect during inactivity and rehabilitation by stimulating collagen expression in the musculotendinous tissue and increasing tendon CSA and stiffness. ..
  40. doi request reprint Differences in tendon properties in elite badminton players with or without patellar tendinopathy
    C Couppe
    Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Department of Orthopedic Surgery M, Bispebjerg Hospital and Centre for Healthy Aging, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 23:e89-95. 2013
    ..Subsequently, the smaller CSA yielded a greater distal patellar tendon stress in the PT group. Therefore, a small tendon CSA may predispose to the development of tendinopathy...
  41. doi request reprint Mechanical properties of the human Achilles tendon, in vivo
    M Kongsgaard
    Institute of Sports Medicine, Dept Othopedic Surgery M, Bispebjerg Hospital and Center for Healthy Aging, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 26:772-7. 2011
    ..This study aimed to: 1) examine the mechanical properties of the free human Achilles tendon in vivo by the use of ultrasonography and 2) assess the between-day reproducibility of these measurements...
  42. doi request reprint Recreational football as a health promoting activity: a topical review
    P Krustrup
    Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Section of Human Physiology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 20:1-13. 2010
    ..Taken together, recreational football appears to effectively stimulate musculoskeletal, metabolic and cardiovascular adaptations of importance for health and thereby reduces the risk of developing life-style diseases...
  43. ncbi request reprint Eccentric rehabilitation exercise increases peritendinous type I collagen synthesis in humans with Achilles tendinosis
    H Langberg
    Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 17:61-6. 2007
    ..In contrast, the collagen metabolism in healthy control tendons seems not to be affected by eccentric training. These findings could indicate a relation between collagen metabolism and recovery from injury in human tendons...
  44. doi request reprint Effects of resistance training on endurance capacity and muscle fiber composition in young top-level cyclists
    P Aagaard
    Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 21:e298-307. 2011
    ....
  45. ncbi request reprint Collagen fibril size and crimp morphology in ruptured and intact Achilles tendons
    S P Magnusson
    Team Danmark Test Center, Bispebjerg Hospital, Bispebjerg Bakke 23, 2400 NV, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Matrix Biol 21:369-77. 2002
    ..Moreover, the lack of symptoms prior to the rupture suggests that clinical tendinopathy is not an etiological factor in complete tendon ruptures...
  46. doi request reprint Impact of carbohydrate supplementation during endurance training on glycogen storage and performance
    L Nybo
    Institute of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Acta Physiol (Oxf) 197:117-27. 2009
    ..Therefore, we investigated how chronic training responses are affected by glucose ingestion...
  47. ncbi request reprint Muscle size, neuromuscular activation, and rapid force characteristics in elderly men and women: effects of unilateral long-term disuse due to hip-osteoarthritis
    C Suetta
    Institute of Sports Medicine, Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, 2400 NV Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 102:942-8. 2007
    ..Furthermore, the data indicate that neuromuscular activation and contractile RFD are more affected by long-term disuse than maximal muscle strength, which may increase the future risk for falls...
  48. pmc Ageing is associated with diminished muscle re-growth and myogenic precursor cell expansion early after immobility-induced atrophy in human skeletal muscle
    C Suetta
    Institute of Sports Medicine and Center of Healthy Ageing, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Hospital, Denmark
    J Physiol 591:3789-804. 2013
    ..In contrast, expression of local growth factors did not seem to explain the age-related difference in muscle mass recovery...
  49. doi request reprint Changes in muscle strength and morphology after muscle unloading in Special Forces missions
    J B Thorlund
    Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 21:e56-63. 2011
    ..Future studies should identify intervention strategies to counter-act the observed impairments...
  50. doi request reprint Slide-based ergometer rowing: effects on force production and neuromuscular activity
    A Vinther
    Department of Medicine O, Herlev Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark Department of Health Sciences, Division of Physiotherapy, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 23:635-44. 2013
    ..Neuromuscular activity was more affected in leg muscles than thoracic muscles by slide-based ergometer rowing...
  51. ncbi request reprint Making muscles "stronger": exercise, nutrition, drugs
    P Aagaard
    Institute of Sports Sciences and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark and Sports Medicine Research Unit, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact 4:165-74. 2004
    ..However, severe tissue damaging effects exist with anabolic steroids, some of which are irreversible...
  52. doi request reprint Effects of strength training on muscle fiber types and size; consequences for athletes training for high-intensity sport
    J L Andersen
    Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 20:32-8. 2010
    ....
  53. doi request reprint Long-term musculoskeletal and cardiac health effects of recreational football and running for premenopausal women
    P Krustrup
    Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Section of Human Physiology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 20:58-71. 2010
    ..Moreover, football training induced consistent cardiac adaptations, which may have implications for long-term cardiovascular health...
  54. ncbi request reprint Increased cross-sectional area and reduced tensile stress of the Achilles tendon in elderly compared with young women
    S Peter Magnusson
    Team Danmark Test Center, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 58:123-7. 2003
    ..The greater tendon size combines to lower the stress on the tendon markedly, which may reduce the risk of injury to the tendon...
  55. ncbi request reprint Differential displacement of the human soleus and medial gastrocnemius aponeuroses during isometric plantar flexor contractions in vivo
    Jens Bojsen-Møller
    Sports Medicine Research Unit Team Danmark Test Center, Bispebjerg Bakke, 23, bygn 8, Bispebjerg Hospital, 2400 Copenhagen NV, Denmark
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 97:1908-14. 2004
    ....
  56. ncbi request reprint Interindividual differences in H reflex modulation during normal walking
    Erik B Simonsen
    Institute of Medical Anatomy, The Panum Institute, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3C, 2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark
    Exp Brain Res 142:108-15. 2002
    ..Alternatively, in subjects with a suppressed H reflex in the swing phase the knee joint extensors seem to form the primary protection around heel strike...
  57. ncbi request reprint Training-induced changes in muscle CSA, muscle strength, EMG, and rate of force development in elderly subjects after long-term unilateral disuse
    Charlotte Suetta
    Institute of Sports Medicine, Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, 2400 NV Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 97:1954-61. 2004
    ..The improvement in both muscle mass and neural function is likely to have important functional implications for elderly individuals...
  58. ncbi request reprint The effect of resistance training combined with timed ingestion of protein on muscle fiber size and muscle strength
    Lars L Andersen
    Sports Medicine Research, Unit Team Denmark Test Center, Bispebjerg Hospital, DK 2400 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Metabolism 54:151-6. 2005
    ..However, the present results may have relevance for individuals who are particularly interested in gaining muscle size...
  59. ncbi request reprint Neuromuscular adaptations to detraining following resistance training in previously untrained subjects
    Lars L Andersen
    Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen Team Danmark Testcenter, Bispebjerg Hospital, Build 8, 2nd Floor, 2400 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Eur J Appl Physiol 93:511-8. 2005
    ..The present findings suggest that heavy resistance training induces long-lasting strength gains and neural adaptations during maximal eccentric muscle contraction in previously untrained subjects...
  60. ncbi request reprint Force steadiness, muscle activity, and maximal muscle strength in subjects with subacromial impingement syndrome
    Thomas Bandholm
    Institute of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Department of Human Physiology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Muscle Nerve 34:631-9. 2006
    ..Thus, physical activity should be continued by patients with SIS, if possible, to avoid the loss in neural and muscle functions associated with inactivity...
  61. ncbi request reprint Influence of maximal muscle strength and intrinsic muscle contractile properties on contractile rate of force development
    Lars L Andersen
    Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen Team Danmark Testcenter, Bispebjerg University Hospital, Build 8, 2nd Floor, DK 2400, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Eur J Appl Physiol 96:46-52. 2006
    ..This may have important practical implications when designing resistance training programs for specific sports...
  62. ncbi request reprint Neuromuscular activation in conventional therapeutic exercises and heavy resistance exercises: implications for rehabilitation
    Lars L Andersen
    National Institute of Occupational Health, Lersø Parkallé 105, DK 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Phys Ther 86:683-97. 2006
    ....
  63. ncbi request reprint Muscle mechanical characteristics in fatigue and recovery from a marathon race in highly trained runners
    Kim Petersen
    Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230, Odense M, Denmark
    Eur J Appl Physiol 101:385-96. 2007
    ....
  64. pmc The adaptability of tendon to loading differs in men and women
    S Peter Magnusson
    Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Int J Exp Pathol 88:237-40. 2007
    ..These data indicate that tendons in women have a lower rate of new connective tissue formation, respond less to mechanical loading, and have a lower mechanical strength, which may leave the tissue more susceptible to injury...
  65. ncbi request reprint Lateral force transmission between human tendon fascicles
    Bjarki T Haraldsson
    Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Matrix Biol 27:86-95. 2008
    ....
  66. ncbi request reprint Effects of experimental muscle pain on shoulder-abduction force steadiness and muscle activity in healthy subjects
    Thomas Bandholm
    Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Eur J Appl Physiol 102:643-50. 2008
    ..A possible explanation may be that, even though the adopted experimental pain-paradigm may reflect the SIS in terms of the painful structures, it might not reflect the adaptations in the central nervous system seen with chronic pain...
  67. doi request reprint Changes in power and force generation during coupled eccentric-concentric versus concentric muscle contraction with training and aging
    Paolo Caserotti
    Centre of Applied and Clinical Exercise Sciences, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense M, Denmark
    Eur J Appl Physiol 103:151-61. 2008
    ..05). In conclusion, long-term training counteracted the age-related decline in muscle power and functional performance observed in the control subjects, while substantial gains in muscular performance were observed in the trained elderly...
  68. ncbi request reprint Muscle performance during maximal isometric and dynamic contractions is influenced by the stiffness of the tendinous structures
    Jens Bojsen-Møller
    Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen Team Danmark Test Center, Bispebjerg Bakke, 23, bygn 8, Bispebjerg Hospital, 2400 Copenhagen NV, Denmark
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 99:986-94. 2005
    ....
  69. ncbi request reprint Changes in the human muscle force-velocity relationship in response to resistance training and subsequent detraining
    Lars L Andersen
    Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen Team Danmark Testcenter, Bispebjerg Hospital, Build 8, 2nd Floor, DK 2400 Copenhagen
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 99:87-94. 2005
    ..A phenotypic shift toward faster muscle MHC isoforms (I --> IIA --> IIX) and faster electrically evoked muscle contractile properties in response to detraining may explain the present results...
  70. doi request reprint The effects of neuromuscular training on knee joint motor control during sidecutting in female elite soccer and handball players
    Mette K Zebis
    Institute of Sports Medicine, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Clin J Sport Med 18:329-37. 2008
    ....
  71. doi request reprint Effect of contraction mode of slow-speed resistance training on the maximum rate of force development in the human quadriceps
    Anthony J Blazevich
    School of Exercise, Biomedical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, 100 Joondalup Drive, Joondalup, WA 6027, Australia
    Muscle Nerve 38:1133-46. 2008
    ..Thus, only subjects with a lesser ability to rapidly attain their maximum force before training improved RFD with slow-speed resistance exercise...
  72. ncbi request reprint Exercise-induced rib stress fractures: influence of reduced bone mineral density
    Anders Vinther
    Department of Medicine Q, Rheumatology and Geriatrics, Herlev University Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Herlev Ringvej 75, DK 2730 Herlev, Denmark
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 15:95-9. 2005
    ..04 g cm(-2) (median 1.41 g cm(-2), range 1.27-1.57 g cm(-2)) (P=0.028). The present results suggest that low bone mineral density may be a potential risk factor for the development of exercise-induced rib stress fractures in elite rowers...
  73. pmc Creatine supplementation augments the increase in satellite cell and myonuclei number in human skeletal muscle induced by strength training
    Steen Olsen
    Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Hospital, Build 8, 1 Floor, DK 2400 Copenhagen NV, Denmark
    J Physiol 573:525-34. 2006
    ....
  74. ncbi request reprint Passive and dynamic joint stabilization in the normal and anterior cruciate ligament-deficient knee
    Per Aagaard
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 15:137-8. 2005
  75. ncbi request reprint Yacht type and crew-specific differences in anthropometric, aerobic capacity, and muscle strength parameters among international Olympic class sailors
    Jens Bojsen-Møller
    Team Danmark Test Centre, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Sports Sci 25:1117-28. 2007
    ..To ensure optimal knee joint stabilization during sailing and other training activities, it is suggested that hikers should counter this strength imbalance by performing additional strength training for the hamstrings muscle group...
  76. doi request reprint Resistance training induces qualitative changes in muscle morphology, muscle architecture, and muscle function in elderly postoperative patients
    Charlotte Suetta
    Institute of Sports Medicine, Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Bakke 23, 2400 NV, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 105:180-6. 2008
    ..The present data emphasize the importance of resistance training in future rehabilitation programs for elderly individuals...
  77. doi request reprint Effects of long-term immobilization and recovery on human triceps surae and collagen turnover in the Achilles tendon in patients with healing ankle fracture
    Britt Christensen
    Institute of Sports Medicine, Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Bakke 23, 2400 Copenhagen NV, Denmark
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 105:420-6. 2008
    ..Remobilization increased muscle size and strength and tendon synthesis and degradation decreased to baseline levels. These dynamic changes in tendon connective tissue turnover were not associated with macroscopic changes in tendon size...
  78. ncbi request reprint Corticosteroids reduce the tensile strength of isolated collagen fascicles
    Bjarki Thor Haraldsson
    Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Hospital, Bispebjerg Bakke 23, 2400 Copenhagen NV, Denmark
    Am J Sports Med 34:1992-7. 2006
    ..Overuse tendon injuries are frequent. Corticosteroid injections are commonly used as treatment, although their direct effects on the material properties of the tendon are poorly understood...
  79. ncbi request reprint Resistance training in the early postoperative phase reduces hospitalization and leads to muscle hypertrophy in elderly hip surgery patients--a controlled, randomized study
    Charlotte Suetta
    Sports Medicine Research Unit, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Am Geriatr Soc 52:2016-22. 2004
    ..To better understand how immobilization and surgery affect muscle size and function in the elderly and to identify effective training regimes...
  80. ncbi request reprint Mechanical muscle function, morphology, and fiber type in lifelong trained elderly
    Per Aagaard
    Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:1989-96. 2007
    ..Maximal muscle contraction force and muscle mass are both reduced during the natural aging process. Long-term training may be used to attenuate this age-related loss in muscle function and muscle size...