Kåre Mølbak

Summary

Affiliation: Statens Serum Institut
Country: Denmark

Publications

  1. pmc Excess mortality associated with antimicrobial drug-resistant Salmonella typhimurium
    Morten Helms
    Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, DK 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:490-5. 2002
  2. pmc Late-in-life surgery associated with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: a methodological outline for evidence-based guidance
    Mabel Cruz
    Department of Applied Epidemiology, National Center for Epidemiology, Carlos III Institute of Health, C Sinesio Delgado 6, Madrid 28029, Spain
    Emerg Themes Epidemiol 10:5. 2013
  3. pmc No excess risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes among women with serological markers of previous infection with Coxiella burnetii: evidence from the Danish National Birth Cohort
    Stine Yde Nielsen
    Department of Occupational Medicine, Regional Hospital West Jutland, GL, Landevej 61, Herning 7400, Denmark
    BMC Infect Dis 13:87. 2013
  4. pmc Tissue classification for the epidemiological assessment of surgical transmission of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. A proposal on hypothetical risk levels
    Alberto Rabano
    Laboratory of Neuropathology, Hospital de Alcorcón, Avda Budapest 1 289220 Alcorcón, Madrid, Spain
    BMC Public Health 5:9. 2005
  5. pmc International travel and the risk of hospitalization with non-typhoidal Salmonella bacteremia. A Danish population-based cohort study, 1999-2008
    Kristoffer Koch
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Aalborg Hospital, Aarhus University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark
    BMC Infect Dis 11:277. 2011
  6. pmc Increasing quinolone resistance in Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis
    Kåre Mølbak
    Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, DK 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:514-5. 2002
  7. ncbi request reprint [Imported diseases]
    Kåre Mølbak
    Statens Serum Institut, Epidemiologisk afdeling, og Københavns Universitet, København S
    Ugeskr Laeger 167:4072-6. 2005
  8. ncbi request reprint Human health consequences of antimicrobial drug-resistant Salmonella and other foodborne pathogens
    Kåre Mølbak
    Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Clin Infect Dis 41:1613-20. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Avian influenza in Denmark, March-June 2006: public health aspects
    K Mølbak
    Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Euro Surveill 11:E060615.3. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint [The past decade's infectious diseases]
    Kåre Mølbak
    Epidemiologisk afdeling, Statens Serum Institut, 2300 København S, Denmark
    Ugeskr Laeger 173:414-6. 2011

Detail Information

Publications110 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Excess mortality associated with antimicrobial drug-resistant Salmonella typhimurium
    Morten Helms
    Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, DK 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:490-5. 2002
    ..8 times (95% CI 2.2 to 10.2) more likely to die, whereas quinolone resistance was associated with a mortality rate 10.3 times higher than the general population...
  2. pmc Late-in-life surgery associated with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: a methodological outline for evidence-based guidance
    Mabel Cruz
    Department of Applied Epidemiology, National Center for Epidemiology, Carlos III Institute of Health, C Sinesio Delgado 6, Madrid 28029, Spain
    Emerg Themes Epidemiol 10:5. 2013
    ..The purpose of this study was to identify specific surgical procedures potentially associated with sCJD to be targeted for preventive presurgical-intervention guidance...
  3. pmc No excess risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes among women with serological markers of previous infection with Coxiella burnetii: evidence from the Danish National Birth Cohort
    Stine Yde Nielsen
    Department of Occupational Medicine, Regional Hospital West Jutland, GL, Landevej 61, Herning 7400, Denmark
    BMC Infect Dis 13:87. 2013
    ..We aimed to examine if presence of antibodies to C. burnetii during pregnancy or seroconversion were associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes...
  4. pmc Tissue classification for the epidemiological assessment of surgical transmission of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. A proposal on hypothetical risk levels
    Alberto Rabano
    Laboratory of Neuropathology, Hospital de Alcorcón, Avda Budapest 1 289220 Alcorcón, Madrid, Spain
    BMC Public Health 5:9. 2005
    ..Epidemiological studies on the potential role of surgery in Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease transmission have disclosed associations with history of specific surgical interventions or reported negative results...
  5. pmc International travel and the risk of hospitalization with non-typhoidal Salmonella bacteremia. A Danish population-based cohort study, 1999-2008
    Kristoffer Koch
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Aalborg Hospital, Aarhus University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark
    BMC Infect Dis 11:277. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the proportion, risk factors and outcomes of travel-related non-typhoidal Salmonella bacteremia...
  6. pmc Increasing quinolone resistance in Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis
    Kåre Mølbak
    Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, DK 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:514-5. 2002
    ..8% in 1995 to 8.5% in 2000. These data support concerns that the current use of quinolone in food animals leads to increasing resistance in S. Enteritidis and that action should be taken to limit such use...
  7. ncbi request reprint [Imported diseases]
    Kåre Mølbak
    Statens Serum Institut, Epidemiologisk afdeling, og Københavns Universitet, København S
    Ugeskr Laeger 167:4072-6. 2005
    ..Exceptions are imported cases of hepatitis A in children, which have resulted in outbreaks in the indigenous Danish population, and the import of drug-resistant bacteria, which often pose a serious challenge to hospital hygiene...
  8. ncbi request reprint Human health consequences of antimicrobial drug-resistant Salmonella and other foodborne pathogens
    Kåre Mølbak
    Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Clin Infect Dis 41:1613-20. 2005
    ..Mitigation of drug resistance in foodborne bacteria is likely to be of benefit for human health...
  9. ncbi request reprint Avian influenza in Denmark, March-June 2006: public health aspects
    K Mølbak
    Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Euro Surveill 11:E060615.3. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint [The past decade's infectious diseases]
    Kåre Mølbak
    Epidemiologisk afdeling, Statens Serum Institut, 2300 København S, Denmark
    Ugeskr Laeger 173:414-6. 2011
    ..There will also be unknown challenges: We have not faced the last HIV, ebola, SARS or avian or swine flu epidemic...
  11. ncbi request reprint [The three types of influenza]
    Kåre Mølbak
    Statens Serum Institut, Epidemiologisk afdeling, og Fødevarestyrelsen, Kontor for Husdyrsundhed, København S
    Ugeskr Laeger 168:265-8. 2006
    ..At present, seasonal influenza represents the greatest burden of illness among the three types of influenza A illness: seasonal, avian, and pandemic influenza...
  12. ncbi request reprint Spread of resistant bacteria and resistance genes from animals to humans--the public health consequences
    K Mølbak
    Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health 51:364-9. 2004
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for diarrhea among children in an industrialized country
    Steen Ethelberg
    Department of Bacteriology, Mycology and Parasitology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Epidemiology 17:24-30. 2006
    ..Risk factors for childhood diarrhea in industrialized countries are not well characterized, although diarrhea remains an important cause of morbidity...
  14. ncbi request reprint Hepatitis A outbreak in a group of Danish tourists returning from Turkey, October 2005
    Michael Howitz
    Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Denmark
    Euro Surveill 10:E051201.2. 2005
  15. pmc Salmonella control programs in Denmark
    Henrik C Wegener
    Danish Veterinary Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:774-80. 2003
    ..S.$0.075/kg of pork and U.S.$0.02/kg of broiler or egg). These costs are paid almost exclusively by the industry. The control principles described are applicable to most industrialized countries with modern intensive farming systems...
  16. ncbi request reprint Imported frozen raspberries cause a series of norovirus outbreaks in Denmark, 2005
    Gerhard Falkenhorst
    Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Euro Surveill 10:E050922.2. 2005
  17. ncbi request reprint Rapid decay of Salmonella flagella antibodies during human gastroenteritis: a follow up study
    Tine Dalby
    Unit of Gastrointestinal Infections, Statens Serum Institut, DK 2300 S Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Microbiol Methods 62:233-43. 2005
    ..The present study suggests that such a tenacious statement is (or may be) inaccurate...
  18. ncbi request reprint Adverse health events associated with antimicrobial drug resistance in Campylobacter species: a registry-based cohort study
    Morten Helms
    Department of Epidemiology Research, Danish Epidemiology Science Centre, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Infect Dis 191:1050-5. 2005
    ..Resistance to clinically important antimicrobial agents, particularly fluoroquinolones and macrolides, is increasing among Campylobacter isolates, but few studies have explored the human health consequences of such resistance...
  19. ncbi request reprint Antimicrobial treatment of asymptomatic carriers of verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli: an empiric study
    Charlotte Jensen
    Unit of Gastrointestinal Infections, Department of Bacteriology, Mycology and Parasitology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Infect Dis 37:61-3. 2005
    ..We review the treatment of 9 persons who experienced serious social problems due to prolonged, asymptomatic carriage of non-O157 VTEC. Eradication of VTEC was successful and without complications...
  20. ncbi request reprint Foodborne bacterial infection and hospitalization: a registry-based study
    Morten Helms
    Department of Epidemiology Research, Danish Epidemiology Science Center, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Clin Infect Dis 42:498-506. 2006
    ....
  21. pmc Fresh chicken as main risk factor for campylobacteriosis, Denmark
    Anne Wingstrand
    Danish Institute for Food and Veterinary Research, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:280-5. 2006
    ..The marked increase in consumption of fresh, unfrozen poultry in Denmark during the 1990s likely contributed substantially to the increasing incidence of human campylobacteriosis in this period...
  22. doi request reprint Outbreaks of Shigella sonnei infections in Denmark and Australia linked to consumption of imported raw baby corn
    H C Lewis
    Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Epidemiol Infect 137:326-34. 2009
    ..This outbreak highlights the importance of international communication in linking outbreaks and pinpointing the source...
  23. pmc Short and long term mortality associated with foodborne bacterial gastrointestinal infections: registry based study
    Morten Helms
    Department of Epidemiology Research, Danish Epidemiology Science Centre, Statens Serum Institut, DK 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark
    BMJ 326:357. 2003
    ..To determine the excess mortality associated with infections with Salmonella, Campylobacter, Yersinia enterocolitica, and Shigella and to examine the effect of pre-existing illness...
  24. pmc International Salmonella Typhimurium DT104 infections, 1992-2001
    Morten Helms
    Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:859-67. 2005
    ..Typhimurium was increasing. This survey implies that MDR S. Typhimurium constitutes an increasing public health problem in large parts of the world and emphasizes the importance of surveillance and control programs...
  25. ncbi request reprint Spatial distribution and registry-based case-control analysis of Campylobacter infections in Denmark, 1991-2001
    Steen Ethelberg
    Department of Bacteriology, Mycology and Parasitology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Epidemiol 162:1008-15. 2005
    ..This study indicated that contact with animals or the environment is the source of a substantial proportion of sporadic Campylobacter infections in the Danish countryside, particularly among children...
  26. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for acute respiratory tract infections in young Greenlandic children
    Anders Koch
    Department of Epidemiology Research, Danish Epidemiology Science Centre, Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, DK 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark
    Am J Epidemiol 158:374-84. 2003
    ..The incidence of acute respiratory infections among Inuit children may be reduced substantially through public health measures...
  27. ncbi request reprint Risk of adverse birth outcome after group B meningococcal disease: results from a Danish national cohort
    Michael F Howitz
    Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:199-203. 2009
    ....
  28. pmc Etiology of diarrhea in young children in Denmark: a case-control study
    Bente Olesen
    Department of Bacteriology, Mycology and Parasitology, Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, DK 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark
    J Clin Microbiol 43:3636-41. 2005
    ..A/EEC not belonging to the classical EPEC serotypes was not associated with diarrhea, underscoring the importance of serotyping for the definition of EPEC...
  29. ncbi request reprint Serological follow-up after non-typhoid salmonella infection in humans using a mixed lipopolysaccharide ELISA
    Gerhard Falkenhorst
    Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, DK 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark
    Int J Med Microbiol 303:533-8. 2013
    ..Another application is aetiological diagnostics in patients with suspected post-infectious complications such as reactive arthritis, even when faecal shedding of salmonella has ceased...
  30. doi request reprint Antimicrobial use: a risk factor or a protective factor for acquiring campylobacteriosis?
    Maike Koningstein
    Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Clin Infect Dis 53:644-50. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to quantify the odds of campylobacteriosis conferred by human consumption of fluoroquinolones and macrolides...
  31. doi request reprint Outbreak of non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli infection from consumption of beef sausage
    Steen Ethelberg
    Department of Bacteriology, Mycology, and Parasitology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Clin Infect Dis 48:e78-81. 2009
    ..The source of the infection was an organic fermented beef sausage. The source was discovered by using credit card information to obtain and compare customer transaction records from the computer systems of supermarkets...
  32. ncbi request reprint Characterisation of rotavirus strains among hospitalised and non-hospitalised children in Guinea-Bissau, 2002 A high frequency of mixed infections with serotype G8
    Nete Munk Nielsen
    Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Clin Virol 34:13-21. 2005
    ..In a previous community-based cohort study in Guinea-Bissau from 1996 to 1998, characterisation of rotavirus strains showed a high frequency of less common genotypes such as G8 and G9 and a high proportion of mixed infections...
  33. doi request reprint Measles in Europe: an epidemiological assessment
    Mark Muscat
    EUVAC NET hub, Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Lancet 373:383-9. 2009
    ..Our aim was therefore to review the epidemiology of measles in relation to the goal of elimination by 2010...
  34. doi request reprint The interaction between prior antimicrobial drug exposure and resistance in human Salmonella infections
    Maike Koningstein
    Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Antimicrob Chemother 65:1819-25. 2010
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint An outbreak of Campylobacter jejuni associated with consumption of chicken, Copenhagen, 2005
    A Mazick
    European Programme for Intervention Epidemiology Training EPIET, Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Denmark
    Euro Surveill 11:137-9. 2006
    ..The low number of positive specimens accrued in this outbreak suggests a general underascertainment of adult cases in the laboratory reporting system by a factor of 20...
  36. doi request reprint Burden of illness of the 2009 pandemic of influenza A (H1N1) in Denmark
    Kåre Mølbak
    Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Vaccine 29:B63-9. 2011
    ..Nonetheless, the burden of illness was lower than assumed in planning scenarios, and the present pandemic compares favourable with the 20th century pandemics...
  37. doi request reprint Effectiveness of vaccine against pandemic influenza A/H1N1 among people with underlying chronic diseases: cohort study, Denmark, 2009-10
    Hanne Dorthe Emborg
    Division of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    BMJ 344:d7901. 2012
    ..To determine the effectiveness of an adjuvanted monovalent vaccine against pandemic influenza A/H1N1 among people with underlying chronic diseases...
  38. pmc Registry-based surveillance of influenza-associated hospitalisations during the 2009 influenza pandemic in Denmark: the hidden burden on the young
    Katarina Widgren
    Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    PLoS ONE 5:e13939. 2010
    ..To follow the impact of the 2009 influenza pandemic in Denmark, influenza surveillance was extended with a system monitoring potentially influenza-associated hospitalisations...
  39. pmc Kinetics of the human antibody response against Salmonella enterica Serovars Enteritidis and Typhimurium determined by lipopolysaccharide enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
    Mette A Strid
    Unit of Gastrointestinal Infections, Department of Bacteriology, Mycology and Parasitology, Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, DK 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark
    Clin Vaccine Immunol 14:741-7. 2007
    ..A mixed ELISA consisting of both antigens, i.e., serovar Enteritidis and serovar Typhimurium LPS, was developed as a diagnostic tool with very high values for both specificity and sensitivity...
  40. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for sporadic infection with Salmonella enteritidis, Denmark, 1997-1999
    Kåre Mølbak
    Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Epidemiol 156:654-61. 2002
    ..The authors recommend this method in studies that have the objective of determining risk associated with common exposures...
  41. ncbi request reprint Seven years' experience with Cryptosporidium parvum in Guinea-Bissau, West Africa
    M Perch
    Department of Epidemiology Research, Danish Epidemiology Science Centre, Statens Serum Institut, Denmark
    Ann Trop Paediatr 21:313-8. 2001
    ..By contrast, no seasonality was found for the enteric parasites Giardia lamblia or Entamoeba histolytica. We conclude that Cryptosporidium parvum is an important pathogen in children with diarrhoea...
  42. doi request reprint A foodborne outbreak of enterotoxigenic E. coli and Salmonella Anatum infection after a high-school dinner in Denmark, November 2006
    J Pakalniskiene
    Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Epidemiol Infect 137:396-401. 2009
    ..To improve food safety further, it is important to target this poorly regulated and researched area...
  43. doi request reprint Detection of antibodies to Campylobacter in humans using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays: a review of the literature
    Katrin Gaardbo Kuhn
    Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 74:113-8. 2012
    ....
  44. ncbi request reprint [Salmonella and campylobacter infections in 2008]
    Steen Ethelberg
    Statens Serum Institut, Epidemiologisk afdeling, København S, Denmark
    Ugeskr Laeger 172:1451-5. 2010
    ..Information about whether Salmonella and Campylobacter infections are acquired during foreign travel has previously been incomplete. We collected such information systematically for 2008...
  45. ncbi request reprint [Infectious diseases and climate change]
    Palle Valentiner-Branth
    Statens Serum Institut, Epidemiologisk afdeling, DK 2300 København S, Denmark
    Ugeskr Laeger 171:3178-81. 2009
    ..As the effects of climate changes are likely to occur gradually, a modern industrialised country such as Denmark will have the opportunity to adapt to the expected changes...
  46. ncbi request reprint Household outbreaks among culture-confirmed cases of bacterial gastrointestinal disease
    Steen Ethelberg
    Department of Gastrointestinal and Parasitic Infections, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Epidemiol 159:406-12. 2004
    ..The fact that household outbreaks occur with a relatively high frequency may be utilized in future analyses of sources of infection, in particular of Campylobacter, for which more household outbreaks than expected were identified...
  47. pmc Serological cross-sectional studies on salmonella incidence in eight European countries: no correlation with incidence of reported cases
    Gerhard Falkenhorst
    Division of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    BMC Public Health 12:523. 2012
    ..We performed serological cross-sectional studies to compare infection risks in eight European countries independent of underascertainment...
  48. ncbi request reprint [Severe acute respiratory syndrome--SARS]
    Kåre Mølbak
    Statens Serum Institut, Epidemiologisk Afdeling og Virologisk Afdeling, Artillerivej 5, DK 2300 København S
    Ugeskr Laeger 165:3311-4. 2003
    ..The successful control of the outbreak is a remarkable international achievement, though much about SARS remains poorly understood...
  49. doi request reprint Toward rubella elimination in Europe: an epidemiological assessment
    Mark Muscat
    EUVAC NET hub, Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Vaccine 30:1999-2007. 2012
    ..The elimination of rubella and prevention of congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) by 2015 are established goals for Europe. Our aim was to review the epidemiology of rubella in relation to this goal...
  50. pmc Excess mortality related to seasonal influenza and extreme temperatures in Denmark, 1994-2010
    Jens Nielsen
    Statens Serum Institut, Department of Epidemiology, Artillerivej 5, DK2300 Copenhagen, Denmark
    BMC Infect Dis 11:350. 2011
    ..Different authors have applied different estimation methodologies. We estimated mortality related to influenza and periods with extreme temperatures in Denmark over the seasons 1994/95 to 2009/10...
  51. doi request reprint Pursuing the clinical significance of Blastocystis--diagnostic limitations
    C Rune Stensvold
    Department of Bacteriology, Mycology and Parasitology, Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, DK 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark
    Trends Parasitol 25:23-9. 2009
    ....
  52. pmc Virulence factors for hemolytic uremic syndrome, Denmark
    Steen Ethelberg
    Danish National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:842-7. 2004
    ..0), was not associated in the multivariate analysis (OR 1.1). This finding indicates that, rather than the O group, the combined presence of the eae and stx2 genes is an important predictor of HUS...
  53. doi request reprint National case-control study on risk of death and Neisseria meningitidis sequence types in Denmark, 2000-2007
    Michael Howitz
    Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    APMIS 116:1107-15. 2008
    ..If this notion can be confirmed by other studies, it may stimulate additional research regarding the pathogenesis of severe illness, for example, if certain surface molecules trigger a cytokine storm more than others...
  54. doi request reprint Influenza-associated illness is an important contributor to febrile convulsions in Danish children
    Katja Majlund Harder
    Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Infect 64:520-4. 2012
    ..To determine the burden of febrile convulsions attributed to influenza like illness in a western country during ten influenza seasons...
  55. pmc Pigs as source of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus CC398 infections in humans, Denmark
    Hannah C Lewis
    Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1383-9. 2008
    ..4, 95% CI 1.4-94.8). A total of 23 of 50 pigs on 4 of 5 farms were positive for CC398. Our results, corroborated by microbiologic testing, demonstrate that pigs are a source of CC398 in Denmark...
  56. doi request reprint Surveillance of bacterial meningitis in children under 2 y of age in Denmark, 1997-2006
    Michael Howitz
    Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Infect Dis 40:881-7. 2008
    ....
  57. doi request reprint Rotavirus disease in Guinea-Bissau, West Africa: a review of longitudinal community and hospital studies
    Thea Kølsen Fischer
    Projecto de Saude de Bandim, Bissau, Guinea Bissau
    J Infect Dis 202:S239-42. 2010
    ....
  58. ncbi request reprint [Blastocystis--an enigmatic parasite]
    Christen Rune Stensvold
    Afdeling for Bakteriologi, Mykologi og Parasitologi, Statens Serum Institut, DK 2300 København S
    Ugeskr Laeger 171:2388-90. 2009
    ..The article sums up basic aspects of the parasite and gives an introduction to new data and points of criticism of previous studies seeking to unravel the pathogenicity of the parasite...
  59. ncbi request reprint Protective immunity after natural rotavirus infection: a community cohort study of newborn children in Guinea-Bissau, west Africa
    Thea K Fischer
    Projecto de Saude de Bandim and Laboratorio National de Saude Publica, Bissau, Guinea Bissau
    J Infect Dis 186:593-7. 2002
    ..The high level of protection against symptomatic rotavirus infection provides an important incentive for development of a rotavirus vaccine...
  60. pmc Cohort study of Guinean children: incidence, pathogenicity, conferred protection, and attributable risk for enteropathogens during the first 2 years of life
    Palle Valentiner-Branth
    Bandim Health Project, The National Public Health Laboratory, Bissau, Guinea Bissau
    J Clin Microbiol 41:4238-45. 2003
    ..For most of the microorganisms, primary infections did not confer protection against reinfection with the same organism, but some conferred protection against diarrhea from reinfection...
  61. ncbi request reprint Breast milk reduces the risk of illness in children of mothers with cholera: observations from an epidemic of cholera in Guinea-Bissau
    Katja Qureshi
    Projecto de Saude de Bandim, Bissau, Guinea Bissau
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 25:1163-6. 2006
    ....
  62. ncbi request reprint The polio model. Does it apply to polio?
    Nete Munk Nielsen
    Department of Epidemiology Research, Danish Epidemiology Science Centre, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Int J Epidemiol 31:181-6. 2002
    ..However, this model does contradict other explanations of severity of childhood infections including the intensive-exposure model...
  63. pmc Population-based study of acute respiratory infections in children, Greenland
    Anders Koch
    Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:586-93. 2002
    ..Up to 65% of the episodes of ARI caused activity restriction; 40% led to contact with the health center. Compared with studies from other parts of the world, the incidence of ARI appears to be high in Inuit children...
  64. pmc Sero-epidemiology as a tool to study the incidence of Salmonella infections in humans
    J Simonsen
    Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Denmark
    Epidemiol Infect 136:895-902. 2008
    ..This trend confirms the increase in the number of culture-confirmed cases reported to the national surveillance system...
  65. doi request reprint A foodborne outbreak of Cryptosporidium hominis infection
    S Ethelberg
    Department of Bacteriology, Mycology and Parasitology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Epidemiol Infect 137:348-56. 2009
    ..1, 95% CI 1.1-4.0; grated carrots: OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.2-3.9; peppers: OR 3.3, 95% CI 1.7-6.6). We speculate that a person excreting the parasite may have contaminated the salad buffet...
  66. ncbi request reprint Outbreaks of shigellosis in Denmark and Australia associated with imported baby corn, August 2007--final summary
    H C Lewis
    Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Euro Surveill 12:E071004.2. 2007
    ..These countries were notified through the World Health Organization's International Food Safety Authorities Network (INFOSAN). Associated cases of S. sonnei have not been reported in these three countries...
  67. ncbi request reprint First general outbreak of Verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 in Denmark
    C Jensen
    Department of Bacteriology, Mycology and Parasitology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Euro Surveill 11:55-8. 2006
    ..7 (95% CI 1.6-48). Environmental and microbiological investigations at the suspected dairy did not confirm the presence of the outbreak strain, but the outbreak stopped once the dairy was closed and thoroughly cleaned...
  68. doi request reprint Estimation of incidences of infectious diseases based on antibody measurements
    J Simonsen
    Division of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Stat Med 28:1882-95. 2009
    ..We present a novel approach, termed as seroincidence, that has potentials to compare the sensitivity of public health surveillance between different populations, countries and over time...
  69. doi request reprint Blastocystis: unravelling potential risk factors and clinical significance of a common but neglected parasite
    C R Stensvold
    Department of Bacteriology, Mycology and Parasitology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Epidemiol Infect 137:1655-63. 2009
    ..Only FU individuals hosted ST7, and ST6/7 infections due to ST7 or ST9 were characterized by multiple intestinal symptoms. The data indicate subtype-dependent differences in the clinical significance of Blastocystis...
  70. doi request reprint Geographical variation of sporadic Legionnaires' disease analysed in a grid model
    M Rudbeck
    Department of Bacteriology, Mycology, and Parasitology, Statens Serum Institut, DK 2300 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Epidemiol Infect 138:9-14. 2010
    ..08 to 0.11 independent of the threshold. By application of a random grid model we demonstrated that it was possible to detect small areas with excess incidence that were not detected in the present surveillance system...
  71. ncbi request reprint Community-based controlled trial of dietary management of children with persistent diarrhea: sustained beneficial effect on ponderal and linear growth
    P Valentiner-Branth
    Projecto de Saude de Bandim, Bissau, Guinea Bissau
    Am J Clin Nutr 73:968-74. 2001
    ..Uncontrolled hospital-based studies in developing countries have reported promising results of dietary rehabilitation of children with persistent diarrhea...
  72. doi request reprint The search and destroy strategy prevents spread and long-term carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: results from the follow-up screening of a large ST22 (E-MRSA 15) outbreak in Denmark
    S Böcher
    National Center for Antimicrobials and Infection Control, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Clin Microbiol Infect 16:1427-34. 2010
    ..At the end of follow-up, ten of 16 long-term carriers and the two household contacts were MRSA-negative. In conclusion, decolonization of MRSA carriers is possible, but should include treatment of household members and the environment...
  73. doi request reprint Usefulness of seroconversion rates for comparing infection pressures between countries
    J Simonsen
    Division of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Epidemiol Infect 139:636-43. 2011
    ....
  74. ncbi request reprint Acute respiratory tract infections and mannose-binding lectin insufficiency during early childhood
    A Koch
    Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, DK 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark
    JAMA 285:1316-21. 2001
    ..However, the contribution of MBL insufficiency to incidence of common childhood infections at a population level is unknown...
  75. ncbi request reprint Characterization of incompletely typed rotavirus strains from Guinea-Bissau: identification of G8 and G9 types and a high frequency of mixed infections
    T K Fischer
    Laboratorio National de Saude Publica, Bissau 1004, Guinea Bissau
    Virology 311:125-33. 2003
    ....
  76. ncbi request reprint Prolonged restaurant-associated outbreak of multidrug-resistant Salmonella Typhimurium among patients from several European countries
    S Ethelberg
    Department of Bacteriology, Mycology and Parasitology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Clin Microbiol Infect 10:904-10. 2004
    ..This outbreak underscores the importance of conscientious personal hygiene, including frequent washing of hands, for professionals handling food...
  77. pmc Characterization of rotavirus strains in a Danish population: high frequency of mixed infections and diversity within the VP4 gene of P[8] strains
    T K Fischer
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, MS G 04, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1630 Clifton Road N E, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 43:1099-104. 2005
    ..Our findings might implicate challenges for rotavirus vaccine implementation in a European population and underscore the importance of extensive strain surveillance prior to, during, and after introduction of any vaccine candidate...
  78. ncbi request reprint The prevalence of Dientamoeba fragilis in patients with suspected enteroparasitic disease in a metropolitan area in Denmark
    C R Stensvold
    Department of Bacteriology, Mycology and Parasitology, Statens Serum Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Clin Microbiol Infect 13:839-42. 2007
    ..D. fragilis was detected in 12 of the 103 patients, only two of whom harboured other recognised pathogenic parasites. Overall, D. fragilis had a remarkably high prevalence in the metropolitan area of Denmark investigated...
  79. ncbi request reprint The significance of the number of submitted samples and patient-related factors for faecal bacterial diagnostics
    S Ethelberg
    Department of Bacteriology, Mycology and Parasitology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Clin Microbiol Infect 13:1095-9. 2007
    ..Analysis of more than one sample improves the sensitivity of faecal culture by at least 20% for each additional sample...
  80. ncbi request reprint A case of trichinellosis in Denmark, imported from Poland, June 2007
    C R Stensvold
    Department of Bacteriology, Mycology and Parasitology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Euro Surveill 12:E070809.3. 2007
  81. ncbi request reprint An outbreak of Verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli O26:H11 caused by beef sausage, Denmark 2007
    S Ethelberg
    Department of of Bacteriology, Mycology and Parasitology, Statens Serum Institut, Danish National Institute of Health, SSI, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Euro Surveill 12:E070531.4. 2007
  82. ncbi request reprint Outbreak of shigellosis in Denmark associated with imported baby corn, August 2007
    H C Lewis
    Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Euro Surveill 12:E070830.1. 2007
  83. pmc Declining incidence of meningococcal disease in Denmark, confirmed by a capture-recapture analysis for 1994 and 2002
    M F Howitz
    Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Epidemiol Infect 136:1088-95. 2008
    ..The complete registration which includes a unique personal identification number serves as an outstanding source for nationwide registry linkage studies...
  84. ncbi request reprint Outbreak of severe gastroenteritis with multiple aetiologies caused by contaminated drinking water in Denmark, January 2007
    L S Vestergaard
    Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Euro Surveill 12:E070329.1. 2007
  85. ncbi request reprint Community-based randomized controlled trial of reduced osmolarity oral rehydration solution in acute childhood diarrhea
    P Valentiner-Branth
    Bandim Health Project, Guinea Bissau
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 18:789-95. 1999
    ..We conducted a community-based study comparing the efficacy of reduced osmolarity ORS (224 mmol/l) with standard ORS (311 mmol/l) in acute childhood diarrhea in a West African community...
  86. pmc Outbreak of group A streptococcal throat infection: don't forget to ask about food
    G Falkenhorst
    Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Epidemiol Infect 136:1165-71. 2008
    ..Only six foodborne GAS outbreaks have been reported in Europe since 1970, four of them in Sweden or Denmark. This geographical clustering suggests that foodborne GAS outbreaks are probably under-recognized elsewhere...
  87. doi request reprint Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: risk factors associated with community-onset infections in Denmark
    S Böcher
    National Centre for Antimicrobials and Infection Control, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Clin Microbiol Infect 14:942-8. 2008
    ..Panton-Valentine leukocidin was found in 47% of CO-MRSA isolates. Apart from a non-Danish origin, CO-MRSA shared the same risk factors as CO-MSSA, which makes control a challenge...
  88. ncbi request reprint Community cohort study of Cryptosporidium parvum infections: sex-differential incidences associated with BCG and diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccinations
    Palle Valentiner-Branth
    Bandim Health Project, Danish Epidemiology Science Centre, Statens Serum Institut, Apartado 861, Bissau, Guinea Bissau, Denmark
    Vaccine 25:2733-41. 2007
    ..Using an existing data set, we examined whether vaccinations were associated with gender-differential incidences of Cryptosporidium parvum infection...
  89. ncbi request reprint High frequency of reactive joint symptoms after an outbreak of Salmonella enteritidis
    Henning Locht
    Department of Autoimmunology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Rheumatol 29:767-71. 2002
    ..An epidemiological study pointed toward a dish of minced raw salmon, in which one of the constituents was unboiled eggs as the likely cause of the outbreak. Remnants of this dish were not available for bacteriological exam...
  90. ncbi request reprint Lack of association between group B meningococcal disease and autoimmune disease
    Michael Howitz
    Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Clin Infect Dis 45:1327-34. 2007
    ..Because systemic infection with GBM induces serum antibody in adults, we investigated whether persons with a history of GBM disease are at increased risk of developing autoimmune diseases...
  91. doi request reprint Uptake of the human papillomavirus-vaccination within the free-of-charge childhood vaccination programme in Denmark
    Katarina Widgren
    European Programme for Intervention Epidemiology Training EPIET, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control ECDC, Stockholm, Sweden
    Vaccine 29:9663-7. 2011
    ..Due to concerns about potential poor compliance we determined the uptake and identified determinants for vaccination after the first year of the programme...
  92. ncbi request reprint Survival of patients with bacteraemia in relation to initial empirical antimicrobial treatment
    François Xavier Hanon
    Department of Epidemiology Research, Danish Epidemiology Science Centre, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Infect Dis 34:520-8. 2002
    ..This study confirms that appropriate empirical antimicrobial treatment increases the survival of bacteraemic patients. Furthermore, conservative treatment was associated with a longer survival among patients covered by empirical therapy...
  93. ncbi request reprint [The economic impact of an epidemic of hepatitis A among men who have sex with men]
    Michael F Howitz
    Sektor for Epidemiologi, Statens Serum Institut, Epidemiologisk afdeling, København
    Ugeskr Laeger 169:3489-92. 2007
    ..In 2004 Denmark had an epidemic of hepatitis A among men who have sex with men (MSM). We estimate the size and the economic impact of the epidemic and discuss possibilities to prevent new epidemics...
  94. ncbi request reprint Attaching and effacing Escherichia coli isolates from Danish children: clinical significance and microbiological characteristics
    C Jensen
    Department of Bacteriology, Mycology and Parasitology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Clin Microbiol Infect 13:863-72. 2007
    ..2). The role of A/EEC, not being VTEC or belonging to the classical EPEC serotypes, requires further clarification, but serotyping is useful in discriminating between EPEC and A/EEC strains...
  95. ncbi request reprint Cryptosporidium infection in infancy as a cause of malnutrition: a community study from Guinea-Bissau, west Africa
    K Mølbak
    Epidemiology Research Unit, Danish Epidemiology Science Centre, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Clin Nutr 65:149-52. 1997
    ..02). Although it has been suggested that the effect of infections on nutrition is usually transient because of catch-up growth, the present study suggests that cryptosporidiosis in infancy has a permanent effect on growth...
  96. pmc Gastrointestinal illness among triathletes swimming in non-polluted versus polluted seawater affected by heavy rainfall, Denmark, 2010-2011
    Nina Majlund Harder-Lauridsen
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    PLoS ONE 8:e78371. 2013
    ..This suggests a significant risk of disease in people ingesting small amounts of flood water following extreme rainfall in urban areas. ..
  97. ncbi request reprint [Acute respiratory tract infections and mannose-binding lectin insufficiency in small children]
    Anders Koch
    Afdeling for Epidemiologisk Forskning, Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, DK 2300 København S
    Ugeskr Laeger 164:5635-40. 2002
    ..To investigate the effect of MBL insufficiency on the risk of acute respiratory infections (ARI) in unselected children, we performed a prospective population-based study of ARI in young children in Sisimiut, Greenland...
  98. ncbi request reprint Does cross-sex transmission increase the severity of polio infection? A study of multiple family cases
    Nete Munk Nielsen
    Department of Epidemiology Research, Danish Epidemiology Science Centre, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen
    Scand J Infect Dis 34:273-7. 2002
    ..Cross-sex transmission may increase the severity of polio and mothers may contribute to the higher prevalence of polio cases among boys...
  99. ncbi request reprint Campylobacter, polyneuropathy, and Guillain-Barré syndrome in Denmark, 1994-2003
    Michael Frantz Howitz
    Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Infect Dis 39:160-2. 2007
    ..The increase in Campylobacter cases in Denmark in the 1990s was comparable to an increase in cases of unspecified polyneuropathies; however, the incidence of Guillain-Barré syndrome cases remained stable during the period...
  100. doi request reprint Dynamics of Legionella antibody levels during 1 year in a healthy population
    M Rudbeck
    Department of Bacteriology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Epidemiol Infect 137:1013-8. 2009
    ..We conclude that community-acquired Legionella infections are frequent; however, they rarely result in severe illness...
  101. ncbi request reprint Incidence and predictors of atopic dermatitis in an open birth cohort in Sisimiut, Greenland
    T H Tamsmark
    Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Acta Paediatr 90:982-8. 2001
    ....