Jeffrey Wing Hong Fung

Summary

Affiliation: The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Country: China

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Ablation of nonsustained or hemodynamically unstable ventricular arrhythmia originating from the right ventricular outflow tract guided by noncontact mapping
    Jeffrey W H Fung
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 26:1699-705. 2003
  2. ncbi request reprint Effect of cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with moderate left ventricular systolic dysfunction and wide QRS complex: a prospective study
    Jeffrey W H Fung
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 17:1288-92. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint Suboptimal medical therapy in patients with systolic heart failure is associated with less improvement by cardiac resynchronization therapy
    Jeffrey W H Fung
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR, China
    Int J Cardiol 115:214-9. 2007
  4. pmc Effect of left ventricular endocardial activation pattern on echocardiographic and clinical response to cardiac resynchronization therapy
    Jeffrey W H Fung
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR, China
    Heart 93:432-7. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Leveraging cardiac resynchronization therapy devices to monitor patients with heart failure
    Jeffrey Wing Hong Fung
    Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Curr Heart Fail Rep 5:44-50. 2008
  6. ncbi request reprint Effects of cardiac resynchronization therapy on incidence of atrial fibrillation in patients with poor left ventricular systolic function
    Jeffrey Wing Hong Fung
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR, China
    Am J Cardiol 96:728-31. 2005
  7. doi request reprint Improvement of left atrial function is associated with lower incidence of atrial fibrillation and mortality after cardiac resynchronization therapy
    Jeffrey W H Fung
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Heart Rhythm 5:780-6. 2008
  8. doi request reprint Effect of left ventricular lead concordance to the delayed contraction segment on echocardiographic and clinical outcomes after cardiac resynchronization therapy
    Jeffrey W H Fung
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 20:530-5. 2009
  9. ncbi request reprint Prognostic value of renal function in patients with cardiac resynchronization therapy
    Jeffrey W H Fung
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR, China
    Int J Cardiol 122:10-6. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint Effect of beta blockade (carvedilol or metoprolol) on activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and natriuretic peptides in chronic heart failure
    Jeffrey W H Fung
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Am J Cardiol 92:406-10. 2003

Detail Information

Publications41

  1. ncbi request reprint Ablation of nonsustained or hemodynamically unstable ventricular arrhythmia originating from the right ventricular outflow tract guided by noncontact mapping
    Jeffrey W H Fung
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 26:1699-705. 2003
    ..Noncontact mapping is a safe and effective alternative method to guide ablation of hemodynamically unstable or nonsustained ventricular arrhythmia originating from RVOT...
  2. ncbi request reprint Effect of cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with moderate left ventricular systolic dysfunction and wide QRS complex: a prospective study
    Jeffrey W H Fung
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 17:1288-92. 2006
    ..We sought to investigate the effect of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) on disease progression in patients with moderate left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction...
  3. ncbi request reprint Suboptimal medical therapy in patients with systolic heart failure is associated with less improvement by cardiac resynchronization therapy
    Jeffrey W H Fung
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR, China
    Int J Cardiol 115:214-9. 2007
    ..Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is of proven value in selected patients with HF; however, the degree of benefit in those without the optimal therapy is not clear...
  4. pmc Effect of left ventricular endocardial activation pattern on echocardiographic and clinical response to cardiac resynchronization therapy
    Jeffrey W H Fung
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR, China
    Heart 93:432-7. 2007
    ..To explore the left ventricular (LV) electrical activation pattern in heart failure (HF) and its implication to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT)...
  5. ncbi request reprint Leveraging cardiac resynchronization therapy devices to monitor patients with heart failure
    Jeffrey Wing Hong Fung
    Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Curr Heart Fail Rep 5:44-50. 2008
    ..An ongoing randomized controlled clinical trial is expected to clarify the role of the device-based pulmonary fluid index in the management of heart failure...
  6. ncbi request reprint Effects of cardiac resynchronization therapy on incidence of atrial fibrillation in patients with poor left ventricular systolic function
    Jeffrey Wing Hong Fung
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR, China
    Am J Cardiol 96:728-31. 2005
    ..The findings suggest that patients with CRT had a significantly lower incidence of AF than controls. Further studies to establish the role of CRT in preventing AF and its mechanisms are warranted...
  7. doi request reprint Improvement of left atrial function is associated with lower incidence of atrial fibrillation and mortality after cardiac resynchronization therapy
    Jeffrey W H Fung
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Heart Rhythm 5:780-6. 2008
    ..Left atrial (LA) volume is a predictor of cardiovascular events in patients with heart failure. Improvement of LA function and reverse remodeling was observed after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT)...
  8. doi request reprint Effect of left ventricular lead concordance to the delayed contraction segment on echocardiographic and clinical outcomes after cardiac resynchronization therapy
    Jeffrey W H Fung
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 20:530-5. 2009
    ..The optimal left ventricular (LV) pacing site for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is unclear. The current study aims to explore the clinical significance of LV lead concordance to delayed contraction segment in CRT...
  9. ncbi request reprint Prognostic value of renal function in patients with cardiac resynchronization therapy
    Jeffrey W H Fung
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR, China
    Int J Cardiol 122:10-6. 2007
    ..We examine (i) the relationship between left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling (RR) and renal function and (ii) the prognostic value of renal function in patients receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT)...
  10. ncbi request reprint Effect of beta blockade (carvedilol or metoprolol) on activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and natriuretic peptides in chronic heart failure
    Jeffrey W H Fung
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Am J Cardiol 92:406-10. 2003
    ..These results indicate that the suppressive effect of beta blockers on PRA in patients with HF taking ACE inhibitors is temporary, and that there is no significant effect on serum aldosterone levels...
  11. pmc Variable left ventricular activation pattern in patients with heart failure and left bundle branch block
    J W H Fung
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR, China
    Heart 90:17-9. 2004
    ..To determine the left ventricular (LV) activation pattern in patients with chronic heart failure and left bundle branch block (LBBB) on ECG...
  12. ncbi request reprint Role of beta-blocker therapy in heart failure and atrial fibrillation
    Jeffrey W H Fung
    Division of Cardiology, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    Card Electrophysiol Rev 7:236-42. 2003
    ..Prospective trials to clarify the impact of beta-blocker therapy and the optimal therapeutic strategy in this high-risk group of patients are warranted...
  13. ncbi request reprint Effect of N-acetylcysteine for prevention of contrast nephropathy in patients with moderate to severe renal insufficiency: a randomized trial
    Jeffrey W H Fung
    Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR, China
    Am J Kidney Dis 43:801-8. 2004
    ..The effect of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) to prevent contrast nephropathy (CN) in patients with moderate to severe renal insufficiency undergoing coronary angiography or interventions is not clear...
  14. doi request reprint Multicenter clinical experience with an atrial lead designed to minimize far-field R-wave sensing
    Jeffrey W H Fung
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, People s Republic of China
    Europace 11:618-24. 2009
    ..To evaluate a novel atrial lead designed to reduce far-field sensing...
  15. ncbi request reprint Comparison of efficacy of reverse remodeling and clinical improvement for relatively narrow and wide QRS complexes after cardiac resynchronization therapy for heart failure
    Cheuk Man Yu
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 15:1058-65. 2004
    ..This study investigated if CRT benefited patients with mildly prolonged QRS complexes >120 to 150 ms and explored if the severity of systolic asynchrony determined such a response...
  16. ncbi request reprint A novel tool to assess systolic asynchrony and identify responders of cardiac resynchronization therapy by tissue synchronization imaging
    Cheuk Man Yu
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    J Am Coll Cardiol 45:677-84. 2005
    ..This study was designed to investigate if tissue synchronization imaging (TSI) is useful to identify regional wall delay and predict left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT)...
  17. doi request reprint Biventricular pacing in patients with bradycardia and normal ejection fraction
    Cheuk Man Yu
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    N Engl J Med 361:2123-34. 2009
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint Tissue Doppler imaging is superior to strain rate imaging and postsystolic shortening on the prediction of reverse remodeling in both ischemic and nonischemic heart failure after cardiac resynchronization therapy
    Cheuk Man Yu
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N T, Hong Kong
    Circulation 110:66-73. 2004
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Benefits of cardiac resynchronization therapy for heart failure patients with narrow QRS complexes and coexisting systolic asynchrony by echocardiography
    Cheuk Man Yu
    Division of Cardiology, S H Ho Cardiovascular and Stroke Centre, Institute of Vascular Medicine, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    J Am Coll Cardiol 48:2251-7. 2006
    ..This study was designed to evaluate the role of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in heart failure (HF) patients with narrow QRS complexes (<120 ms) and echocardiographic evidence of mechanical asynchrony...
  20. doi request reprint Impact of cardiac contractility modulation on left ventricular global and regional function and remodeling
    Cheuk Man Yu
    Institute of Vascular Medicine and Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2:1341-9. 2009
    ..This study aimed to evaluate the impact of cardiac contractility modulation (CCM) on left ventricular (LV) size and myocardial function...
  21. ncbi request reprint Improvement of serum NT-ProBNP predicts improvement in cardiac function and favorable prognosis after cardiac resynchronization therapy for heart failure
    Cheuk Man Yu
    Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Division of Cardiology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
    J Card Fail 11:S42-6. 2005
    ..Because natriuretic peptides are relevant markers to reflect the severity of heart failure and filling pressure of cardiac chambers, it may be helpful to assess the efficacy of CRT...
  22. ncbi request reprint Left ventricular reverse remodeling but not clinical improvement predicts long-term survival after cardiac resynchronization therapy
    Cheuk Man Yu
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong
    Circulation 112:1580-6. 2005
    ..However, it is unknown whether LV reverse remodeling translates into a better long-term prognosis and what extent of reverse remodeling is clinically relevant, which were investigated in this study...
  23. ncbi request reprint Are left ventricular diastolic function and diastolic asynchrony important determinants of response to cardiac resynchronization therapy?
    Cheuk Man Yu
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, Institute of Vascular Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, People s Republic of China
    Am J Cardiol 98:1083-7. 2006
    ..LV reverse remodeling response is determined by the severity of prepacing systolic asynchrony but not diastolic asynchrony or the diastolic filling pattern...
  24. ncbi request reprint Differential change in left ventricular mass and regional wall thickness after cardiac resynchronization therapy for heart failure
    Qing Zhang
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, SH Ho Cardiovascular and Stroke Centre, Institute of Vascular Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, NT
    Eur Heart J 27:1423-30. 2006
    ..This study investigated whether left ventricular (LV) reverse remodelling after CRT has any structural benefit, which include the improvement of LV mass or regional wall thickness...
  25. doi request reprint Different determinants of improvement of early and late systolic mitral regurgitation contributed after cardiac resynchronization therapy
    Yu Jia Liang
    Institute of Vascular Medicine, Li Ka Shing Institute of Health and Sciences, Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    J Am Soc Echocardiogr 23:1160-7. 2010
    ..The aims of this study were to examine the impact of CRT on the phasic changes of MR (early vs late systole) and to explore the mechanisms of such changes...
  26. ncbi request reprint Comparison of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor alone and in combination with irbesartan for the treatment of heart failure
    Leo Chi Chiu Kum
    Division of Cardiology, SH Ho Cardiovascular and Stroke Centre, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Int J Cardiol 125:16-21. 2008
    ..Some, but not all, angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) was demonstrated to be effective as "add-on" therapy. We investigated whether irbesartan is useful as an add-on therapy in CHF...
  27. ncbi request reprint Diastolic and systolic asynchrony in patients with diastolic heart failure: a common but ignored condition
    Cheuk Man Yu
    Li Ka Shing Institute of Health Sciences, S H Ho Cardiovascular and Stroke Centre, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, NT, People s Republic of China
    J Am Coll Cardiol 49:97-105. 2007
    ..The present study aimed to examine whether diastolic and systolic asynchrony exist in diastolic heart failure (DHF) and their prevalence and relationship to systolic heart failure (SHF) patients...
  28. ncbi request reprint Improvement of atrial function and atrial reverse remodeling after cardiac resynchronization therapy for heart failure
    Cheuk Man Yu
    Li Ka Shing Institute of Health Sciences, Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital and Institute of Vascular Medicine, S H Ho Cardiovascular and Stroke Centre, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong, China
    J Am Coll Cardiol 50:778-85. 2007
    ..We sought to examine whether cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) improves atrial function and induces atrial reverse remodeling...
  29. ncbi request reprint Assessment of the effect of cardiac resynchronization therapy on intraventricular mechanical synchronicity by regional volumetric changes
    Qing Zhang
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N T, China
    Am J Cardiol 95:126-9. 2005
    ..Further studies are needed to explore whether this novel method can be used to select suitable candidates for CRT and to predict a favorable response...
  30. doi request reprint Biventricular pacing is superior to right ventricular pacing in bradycardia patients with preserved systolic function: 2-year results of the PACE trial
    Joseph Yat Sun Chan
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, Institute of Vascular Medicine, Li Ka Shing Institute of Health and Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Eur Heart J 32:2533-40. 2011
    ..In the current analysis, we report the results at extended 2-year follow-up for changes in LV function and remodelling...
  31. doi request reprint Prevalence and determinants of left ventricular systolic dyssynchrony in patients with normal ejection fraction received right ventricular apical pacing: a real-time three-dimensional echocardiographic study
    Fang Fang
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Institute of Vascular Medicine, SH Ho Cardiovascular and Stroke Centre, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong, China
    Eur J Echocardiogr 11:109-18. 2010
    ..This study examined the prevalence and predictors of RVA pacing-induced systolic dyssynchrony by real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE), and evaluated its impact on left ventricular (LV) function...
  32. ncbi request reprint The Pacing to Avoid Cardiac Enlargement (PACE) trial: clinical background, rationale, design, and implementation
    Jeffrey Wing Hong Fung
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 18:735-9. 2007
    ..However, the optimal pacing mode and site(s) for patients with normal LV systolic function remain controversial...
  33. doi request reprint A novel multi-layer approach of measuring myocardial strain and torsion by 2D speckle tracking imaging in normal subjects and patients with heart diseases
    Qing Zhang
    Li Ka Shing Institute of Health Sciences, Institute of Vascular Medicine and Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Int J Cardiol 147:32-7. 2011
    ..This study adopted a new multi-layer approach of measuring myocardial deformation by two-dimensional (2D) speckle tracking imaging to examine whether a transmural gradient exists in normal subjects and cardiac diseases...
  34. ncbi request reprint Implantable cardiac resynchronization therapy devices to monitor heart failure clinical status
    Jeffrey Wing Hong Fung
    Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Curr Heart Fail Rep 4:48-52. 2007
    ..This review will focus on the prognostic and predictive values of heart failure status monitoring provided by these devices...
  35. ncbi request reprint The role of repeating optimization of atrioventricular interval during interim and long-term follow-up after cardiac resynchronization therapy
    Qing Zhang
    Division of Cardiology, S H Ho Cardiovascular and Stroke Centre, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N T, Hong Kong
    Int J Cardiol 124:211-7. 2008
    ..Optimization of atrioventricular interval (AVI) is a cardinal component for the benefits. However, it is unknown if the AVI needs to be re-optimized during long-term follow-up...
  36. doi request reprint Impact of reduction in early- and late-systolic functional mitral regurgitation on reverse remodelling after cardiac resynchronization therapy
    Yu Jia Liang
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Li Ka Shing Institute of Health Sciences, Institute of Vascular Medicine, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N T, Hong Kong
    Eur Heart J 31:2359-68. 2010
    ..To examine whether the presence of pre-pacing functional mitral regurgitation (MR) and its improvement would affect the extent of left ventricular (LV) reverse remodelling after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT)...
  37. ncbi request reprint Images in cardiovascular medicine. Visualization of regional left ventricular mechanical delay by tissue synchronization imaging in heart failure patients with wide and narrow QRS complexes undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy
    Cheuk Man Yu
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Circulation 112:e93-5. 2005
  38. ncbi request reprint Usefulness of tissue Doppler velocity and strain dyssynchrony for predicting left ventricular reverse remodeling response after cardiac resynchronization therapy
    Cheuk Man Yu
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Am J Cardiol 100:1263-70. 2007
    ..In conclusion, parameters of tissue Doppler longitudinal velocity, but not longitudinal strain, predicted LV reverse remodeling after CRT...
  39. doi request reprint Difference in prevalence and pattern of mechanical dyssynchrony in left bundle branch block occurring in right ventricular apical pacing versus systolic heart failure
    Qing Zhang
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Am Heart J 156:989-95. 2008
    ....
  40. pmc Comparison of intensive and low-dose atorvastatin therapy in the reduction of carotid intimal-medial thickness in patients with coronary heart disease
    Cheuk Man Yu
    Division of Cardiology, SH Ho Cardiovascular and Stroke Centre, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong
    Heart 93:933-9. 2007
    ..Intensive statin therapy has been shown to improve prognosis in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). It is unknown whether such benefit is mediated through the reduction of atherosclerotic plaque burden...
  41. ncbi request reprint Clinical versus echocardiographic parameters to assess response to cardiac resynchronization therapy
    Gabe B Bleeker
    Department of Cardiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Am J Cardiol 97:260-3. 2006
    ..To better understand and define response to CRT, the relation between improvement in clinical and echocardiographic parameters was evaluated in 144 patients...