B J Cowling

Summary

Affiliation: The University of Hong Kong
Country: China

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Accuracy of epidemiological inferences based on publicly available information: retrospective comparative analysis of line lists of human cases infected with influenza A(H7N9) in China
    Eric Hy Lau
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, China
    BMC Med 12:88. 2014
  2. pmc School closure and mitigation of pandemic (H1N1) 2009, Hong Kong
    Joseph T Wu
    The University of Hong Kong School of Public Health, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:538-41. 2010
  3. pmc Optimizing use of multistream influenza sentinel surveillance data
    Eric H Y Lau
    University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1154-7. 2008
  4. pmc The transmission dynamics of tuberculosis in a recently developed Chinese city
    Peng Wu
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    PLoS ONE 5:e10468. 2010
  5. pmc Seroprevalence of pandemic H1N1 antibody among health care workers in Hong Kong following receipt of monovalent 2009 H1N1 influenza vaccine
    Ying Zhou
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group, School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
    PLoS ONE 6:e27169. 2011
  6. pmc Optimal design of intervention studies to prevent influenza in healthy cohorts
    Brendan Klick
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group, School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
    PLoS ONE 7:e35166. 2012
  7. pmc Potential use of school absenteeism record for disease surveillance in developing countries, case study in rural Cambodia
    Calvin K Y Cheng
    School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
    PLoS ONE 8:e76859. 2013
  8. pmc The effect of age and recent influenza vaccination history on the immunogenicity and efficacy of 2009-10 seasonal trivalent inactivated influenza vaccination in children
    Sophia Ng
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
    PLoS ONE 8:e59077. 2013
  9. pmc Testosterone therapy and cardiovascular events among men: a systematic review and meta-analysis of placebo-controlled randomized trials
    Lin Xu
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, 21 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, China
    BMC Med 11:108. 2013
  10. pmc The effect of statins on testosterone in men and women, a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    C Mary Schooling
    CUNY School of Public Health at Hunter College, 2180 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10035, USA
    BMC Med 11:57. 2013

Detail Information

Publications78

  1. ncbi request reprint Accuracy of epidemiological inferences based on publicly available information: retrospective comparative analysis of line lists of human cases infected with influenza A(H7N9) in China
    Eric Hy Lau
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, China
    BMC Med 12:88. 2014
    ..The objective of the present study was to investigate the extent to which reliable epidemiologic inferences could be made from publicly-available epidemiologic data of human infection with influenza A(H7N9) virus...
  2. pmc School closure and mitigation of pandemic (H1N1) 2009, Hong Kong
    Joseph T Wu
    The University of Hong Kong School of Public Health, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:538-41. 2010
    ..Secondary schools closed for summer vacation shortly afterwards. By fitting a model of reporting and transmission to case data, we estimated that transmission was reduced approximately 25% when secondary schools closed...
  3. pmc Optimizing use of multistream influenza sentinel surveillance data
    Eric H Y Lau
    University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1154-7. 2008
    ..Our study demonstrates that simultaneous monitoring of multiple streams of influenza surveillance data can improve the accuracy and timeliness of alerts compared with monitoring of aggregate data or of any single stream alone...
  4. pmc The transmission dynamics of tuberculosis in a recently developed Chinese city
    Peng Wu
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    PLoS ONE 5:e10468. 2010
    ..We studied the transmission dynamics of TB in Hong Kong to explore the factors underlying recent trends in incidence...
  5. pmc Seroprevalence of pandemic H1N1 antibody among health care workers in Hong Kong following receipt of monovalent 2009 H1N1 influenza vaccine
    Ying Zhou
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group, School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
    PLoS ONE 6:e27169. 2011
    ..A monovalent H1N1 vaccine became available in Hong Kong in December 2009 and around 10% of local healthcare workers had received the vaccine by February 2010...
  6. pmc Optimal design of intervention studies to prevent influenza in healthy cohorts
    Brendan Klick
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group, School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
    PLoS ONE 7:e35166. 2012
    ..Influenza infections and illnesses can be identified through a number of approaches with different costs and logistical requirements...
  7. pmc Potential use of school absenteeism record for disease surveillance in developing countries, case study in rural Cambodia
    Calvin K Y Cheng
    School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
    PLoS ONE 8:e76859. 2013
    ..However due to limited health resources, population in rural area that consisted of the most the vulnerable groups are not under surveillance. Cheaper alternative ways for disease surveillance were needed in resource-limited settings...
  8. pmc The effect of age and recent influenza vaccination history on the immunogenicity and efficacy of 2009-10 seasonal trivalent inactivated influenza vaccination in children
    Sophia Ng
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
    PLoS ONE 8:e59077. 2013
    ..The efficacy of one dose of TIV in children 6-8 y of age against influenza B is uncertain. We examined whether immunogenicity and efficacy of influenza vaccination in school-age children varied by age and past vaccination history...
  9. pmc Testosterone therapy and cardiovascular events among men: a systematic review and meta-analysis of placebo-controlled randomized trials
    Lin Xu
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, 21 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, China
    BMC Med 11:108. 2013
    ..No randomized placebo-controlled trial has been implemented to assess the effect of testosterone therapy on cardiovascular events, although very high levels of androgens are thought to promote cardiovascular disease...
  10. pmc The effect of statins on testosterone in men and women, a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    C Mary Schooling
    CUNY School of Public Health at Hunter College, 2180 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10035, USA
    BMC Med 11:57. 2013
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Viral shedding, clinical history and transmission of influenza
    B J Cowling
    School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, 100 Cyberport Road, Hong Kong
    Hong Kong Med J 19:19-23. 2013
    ..2. Children may be more infectious than adults because they shed more virus. 3. The degree of viral shedding (infectiousness) correlates with symptoms and tympanic temperature...
  12. ncbi request reprint Statistical algorithms for early detection of the annual influenza peak season in Hong Kong using sentinel surveillance data
    B J Cowling
    School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, 100 Cyberport Road, Hong Kong
    Hong Kong Med J 19:4-5. 2013
    ..Methods that compare current data to data from recent weeks may be appropriate to indicate the start of peak influenza activity. These methods can produce reliable and timely alerts at the start of the annual influenza peak season...
  13. pmc Aerosol transmission is an important mode of influenza A virus spread
    Benjamin J Cowling
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Hong Kong, China
    Nat Commun 4:1935. 2013
    ..This implies that measures to reduce transmission by contact or large droplets may not be sufficient to control influenza A virus transmission in households...
  14. pmc Preliminary inferences on the age-specific seriousness of human disease caused by avian influenza A(H7N9) infections in China, March to April 2013
    B J Cowling
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
    Euro Surveill 18:20475. 2013
    ..1 times higher in persons 65 years and older versus younger ages. Our results suggest that many unidentified mild influenza A(H7N9) infections may have occurred, with a lower bound of 210–550 infections to date...
  15. pmc The feasibility of age-specific travel restrictions during influenza pandemics
    Elson H Y Lam
    School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, People s Republic of China
    Theor Biol Med Model 8:44. 2011
    ..Influenza is, however, strongly influenced by age-dependent transmission dynamics, and the effectiveness of age-specific travel restrictions, such as the selective restriction of travel by children, has yet to be examined...
  16. pmc Increased risk of noninfluenza respiratory virus infections associated with receipt of inactivated influenza vaccine
    Benjamin J Cowling
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Clin Infect Dis 54:1778-83. 2012
    ..40; 95% confidence interval: 1.31-14.8). Being protected against influenza, TIV recipients may lack temporary non-specific immunity that protected against other respiratory viruses...
  17. pmc A profile of the online dissemination of national influenza surveillance data
    Calvin Ky Cheng
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    BMC Public Health 9:339. 2009
    ..We reviewed national influenza surveillance websites from around the world to describe the main features of surveillance data dissemination...
  18. pmc Online detection and quantification of epidemics
    Camille Pelat
    Universite Pierre et Marie Curie Paris 6, UMR S 707, Paris, 75012 France
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 7:29. 2007
    ..However, implementation of the method may be difficult due to lack of statistical expertise. No dedicated tool is available to perform and guide analyses...
  19. pmc An analysis of national target groups for monovalent 2009 pandemic influenza vaccine and trivalent seasonal influenza vaccines in 2009-10 and 2010-11
    Sophia Ng
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
    BMC Infect Dis 11:230. 2011
    ..To understand differential patterns of national target groups for influenza vaccination before, during and after the 2009 influenza pandemic, we reviewed and analyzed the country-specific policies in the corresponding time periods...
  20. pmc A comparative epidemiologic analysis of SARS in Hong Kong, Beijing and Taiwan
    Eric H Y Lau
    School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong
    BMC Infect Dis 10:50. 2010
    ..The aim of this study is to identify similarities and differences in SARS epidemiology in three populations with similar host and viral genotype...
  21. pmc Oseltamivir for treatment and prevention of pandemic influenza A/H1N1 virus infection in households, Milwaukee, 2009
    Edward Goldstein
    Department of Epidemiology, Center for Communicable Disease Dynamics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 10:211. 2010
    ....
  22. doi request reprint Face masks to prevent transmission of influenza virus: a systematic review
    B J Cowling
    School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, China
    Epidemiol Infect 138:449-56. 2010
    ..Further studies in controlled settings and studies of natural infections in healthcare and community settings are required to better define the effectiveness of face masks and respirators in preventing influenza virus transmission...
  23. ncbi request reprint Facemasks and hand hygiene to prevent influenza transmission in households: a cluster randomized trial
    Benjamin J Cowling
    School of Public Health and University of Hong Kong, Cyberport 3, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR
    Ann Intern Med 151:437-46. 2009
    ..Few data are available about the effectiveness of nonpharmaceutical interventions for preventing influenza virus transmission...
  24. pmc Entry screening to delay local transmission of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1)
    Benjamin J Cowling
    School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
    BMC Infect Dis 10:82. 2010
    ..After the WHO issued the global alert for 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1), many national health agencies began to screen travelers on entry in airports, ports and border crossings to try to delay local transmission...
  25. ncbi request reprint Comparative epidemiology of pandemic and seasonal influenza A in households
    Benjamin J Cowling
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group, School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong
    N Engl J Med 362:2175-84. 2010
    ..There are few data on the comparative epidemiology and virology of the pandemic 2009 influenza A (H1N1) virus and cocirculating seasonal influenza A viruses in community settings...
  26. doi request reprint Community psychological and behavioral responses through the first wave of the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic in Hong Kong
    Benjamin J Cowling
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong
    J Infect Dis 202:867-76. 2010
    ..Little is known about the community psychological and behavioral responses to influenza pandemics...
  27. pmc The effective reproduction number of pandemic influenza: prospective estimation
    Benjamin J Cowling
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group, School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
    Epidemiology 21:842-6. 2010
    ..Timely estimation of the transmissibility of a novel pandemic influenza virus was a public health priority in 2009...
  28. doi request reprint Protective efficacy of seasonal influenza vaccination against seasonal and pandemic influenza virus infection during 2009 in Hong Kong
    Benjamin J Cowling
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group, School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
    Clin Infect Dis 51:1370-9. 2010
    ..The relationship between seasonal influenza vaccine and susceptibility to 2009 pandemic A/H1N1 virus infection is not fully understood...
  29. pmc Estimation of the serial interval of influenza
    Benjamin J Cowling
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health and bMicrobiology, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    Epidemiology 20:344-7. 2009
    ..We estimate the serial interval of laboratory-confirmed influenza transmission in households...
  30. ncbi request reprint Alternative methods of estimating an incubation distribution: examples from severe acute respiratory syndrome
    Benjamin J Cowling
    Department of Community Medicine, School of Public Health, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    Epidemiology 18:253-9. 2007
    ..Accurate and precise estimates of the incubation distribution of novel, emerging infectious diseases are vital to inform public health policy and to parameterize mathematical models...
  31. pmc Effectiveness of control measures during the SARS epidemic in Beijing: a comparison of the Rt curve and the epidemic curve
    B J Cowling
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Epidemiol Infect 136:562-6. 2008
    ..Our results provide a quantitative assessment of the effectiveness of public health control measures. More generally, our results illustrate how changes in Rt will reflect changes in the epidemic curve...
  32. ncbi request reprint New statistical method for analyzing time to first seizure: example using data comparing carbamazepine and valproate monotherapy
    Benjamin J Cowling
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
    Epilepsia 48:1173-8. 2007
    ..Methods: Individual patient data were available on 1,265 patients from a meta-analysis of five trials. The outcome measure was time to first seizure after randomization, adjusted for background variables and baseline seizure rate...
  33. pmc Effects of school closures, 2008 winter influenza season, Hong Kong
    Benjamin J Cowling
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1660-2. 2008
    ..We examined prospective influenza surveillance data before, during, and after the closure. We did not find a substantial effect on community transmission...
  34. ncbi request reprint Methods for monitoring influenza surveillance data
    Benjamin J Cowling
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    Int J Epidemiol 35:1314-21. 2006
    ..We evaluated three alternative statistical approaches where alert thresholds are based on recent data in both temperate and subtropical regions...
  35. doi request reprint DDT levels in human milk in Hong Kong, 2001-02
    L L Hui
    Department of Community Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Faculty of Medicine, 5 F, William M W Mong Block, 21 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    Chemosphere 73:50-5. 2008
    ..Despite the presence of DDT and other persistent organic pollutants in human breast milk, breastfeeding should continue to be strongly supported for its life-long benefits to infants...
  36. ncbi request reprint Age-period-cohort analysis of tuberculosis notifications in Hong Kong from 1961 to 2005
    P Wu
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR, China
    Thorax 63:312-6. 2008
    ..Given the potentially long latency period of TB infection, an investigation was undertaken to determine the extent to which TB incidence rates reflect the population history and the impact of public health interventions...
  37. doi request reprint A socio-historical hypothesis for the diabetes epidemic in Chinese--preliminary observations from Hong Kong as a natural experiment
    C M Schooling
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, China
    Am J Hum Biol 21:346-53. 2009
    ..Whether the current epidemic of diabetes is a long-standing effect of such mismatch or a "first-generation through effect" generated by rapid economic development causing disproportionate growth remains to be determined...
  38. pmc Estimated birth weight and adult cardiovascular risk factors in a developing southern Chinese population: a cross sectional study
    C M Schooling
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    BMC Public Health 10:270. 2010
    ..We studied the association of birth weight and cardiovascular risk, using birth rank as an instrumental variable, in Southern China...
  39. ncbi request reprint Optimal design of studies of influenza transmission in households. II: comparison between cohort and case-ascertained studies
    B Klick
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
    Epidemiol Infect 142:744-52. 2014
    ..Sensitivity analysis demonstrated that these conclusions varied by model parameters including the serial interval and the risk of influenza virus infection from outside the household...
  40. ncbi request reprint Influenza vaccination and hospitalisation in Elderly Health Centres
    C M Schooling
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong
    Hong Kong Med J 18:4-7. 2012
    ..The extent to which influenza vaccination protects older people from serious morbidity and mortality needs to be confirmed in appropriately designed studies, so that scarce health care resources can be used effectively..
  41. doi request reprint Excess mortality associated with the 2009 pandemic of influenza A(H1N1) in Hong Kong
    L Yang
    Department of Community Medicine, School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
    Epidemiol Infect 140:1542-50. 2012
    ..The estimates of excess deaths were more than twofold higher than the reported fatal cases with laboratory-confirmed pH1N1 infection...
  42. doi request reprint Is leg length a biomarker of childhood conditions in older Chinese women? The Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study
    C M Schooling
    Department of Community Medicine, School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:160-6. 2008
    ..It was hypothesised that in transitioning populations better childhood conditions may bring forward puberty and thus decrease leg length, counteracting the overall positive effect of a favourable childhood environment on leg growth...
  43. doi request reprint Seroprevalence of antibody to pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 among healthcare workers after the first wave in Hong Kong
    Y Zhou
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group, School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
    J Hosp Infect 78:308-11. 2011
    ..Most HCWs had low antibody titres following the first pandemic wave...
  44. ncbi request reprint Transmission of Japanese encephalitis virus in Hong Kong
    S Riley
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, 21 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Hong Kong Med J 18:45-6. 2012
    ..4. Evidence in support of swine vaccination as a human health intervention was not found...
  45. ncbi request reprint Viral evolution from one generation of human influenza infection to the next
    S Riley
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, 21 Sassoon Road, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Hong Kong Med J 19:6-10. 2013
    ..Rather, there are commonly one or two nucleotide changes. 3. These results hint at an obvious generational threshold for adaptation at the level of the consensus sequence...
  46. ncbi request reprint Public health interventions to control the spread of a directly transmitted human pathogen within and between Hong Kong and Guangzhou
    R Riley
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Cyberport 3, 100 Cyberport Road, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Hong Kong Med J 18:37-8. 2012
    ..2. The results of this study suggest that more concentrated surveillance networks are required in Guangzhou compared with other regions, such as Thailand and Europe, as long-distance travel is less frequent...
  47. ncbi request reprint Are the 2006 World Health Organization standards for infant growth applicable to Hong Kong Chinese? Universalistic standards or epidemiological transition stage-specific norms
    C M Schooling
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong
    Hong Kong Med J 19:30-2. 2013
    ..3. Some of the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria for an optimal nurturing environment contributed positively to growth. At 36 months, Hong Kong Chinese infants were generally shorter and fatter than the WHO growth references...
  48. pmc Optimal design of studies of influenza transmission in households. I: case-ascertained studies
    B Klick
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group, School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
    Epidemiol Infect 140:106-14. 2012
    ....
  49. pmc Logistical feasibility and potential benefits of a population-wide passive-immunotherapy program during an influenza pandemic
    Joseph T Wu
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:3269-74. 2010
    ..As such, passive immunotherapy deserves more consideration by clinical researchers regarding its safety and efficacy as a treatment for severe cases of pandemic influenza...
  50. pmc The infection attack rate and severity of 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza in Hong Kong
    Joseph T Wu
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, People s Republic of China
    Clin Infect Dis 51:1184-91. 2010
    ..Serial cross-sectional data on antibody levels to the 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza A virus from a population can be used to estimate the infection attack rates and immunity against future infection in the community...
  51. doi request reprint Patterns of and hypotheses for infection-related cancers in a Chinese population with rapid economic development
    R Y Chung
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, People s Republic of China
    Epidemiol Infect 140:1904-19. 2012
    ..Birth cohort patterns were unclear for nasopharyngeal, stomach and liver cancers. Mortality rates for cancers related to early infections may depend on population history, with delayed reductions for some infection-related cancers...
  52. ncbi request reprint Agreement between breast milk dioxin levels by CALUX bioassay and chemical analysis in a population survey in Hong Kong
    L L Hui
    Department of Community Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, 5 F, William M W Mong Block, 21 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    Chemosphere 69:1287-94. 2007
    ..The larger difference between the two measurements after using the new TEF system warrants further investigation...
  53. ncbi request reprint Cost effectiveness of mammography screening for Chinese women
    Irene O L Wong
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Cancer 110:885-95. 2007
    ..The authors estimated the cost effectiveness of biennial mammography in Hong Kong Chinese women to inform evidence-based screening policies...
  54. ncbi request reprint Clinical prognostic rules for severe acute respiratory syndrome in low- and high-resource settings
    Benjamin J Cowling
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    Arch Intern Med 166:1505-11. 2006
    ..We developed and validated prognostic rules for both high- and low-resource settings based on data available at the time of admission...
  55. pmc Preliminary findings of a randomized trial of non-pharmaceutical interventions to prevent influenza transmission in households
    Benjamin J Cowling
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    PLoS ONE 3:e2101. 2008
    ..We implemented a study of the feasibility and efficacy of face masks and hand hygiene to reduce influenza transmission among Hong Kong household members...
  56. ncbi request reprint Mendelian randomization and estimation of treatment efficacy for chronic diseases
    C M Schooling
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
    Am J Epidemiol 177:1128-33. 2013
    ....
  57. pmc Effects of oseltamivir treatment on duration of clinical illness and viral shedding and household transmission of influenza virus
    Sophia Ng
    Department of Community Medicine, University of Hong Kong, China
    Clin Infect Dis 50:707-14. 2010
    ..We assessed the indirect effectiveness of oseltamivir in reducing secondary household transmission in an incident cohort of influenza index patients and their household members...
  58. pmc Viral shedding and clinical illness in naturally acquired influenza virus infections
    Lincoln L H Lau
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group, School of Public Health, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    J Infect Dis 201:1509-16. 2010
    ..There are no comparable quantitative data to our knowledge on naturally acquired infections...
  59. ncbi request reprint Age-period-cohort projections of breast cancer incidence in a rapidly transitioning Chinese population
    Irene O L Wong
    Department of Community Medicine, School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Int J Cancer 121:1556-63. 2007
    ..This could most likely be attributed to Hong Kong's socioeconomic developmental history and continuing adoption of westernized lifestyle changes...
  60. doi request reprint Factors affecting QuickVue Influenza A + B rapid test performance in the community setting
    Calvin K Y Cheng
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 65:35-41. 2009
    ..The QuickVue Influenza A + B test has similar sensitivity in point-of-care community settings to more controlled conditions...
  61. ncbi request reprint Hand hygiene and risk of influenza virus infections in the community: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    V W Y Wong
    School of Nursing, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
    Epidemiol Infect 142:922-32. 2014
    ....
  62. ncbi request reprint Factors affecting implementation of accreditation programmes and the impact of the accreditation process on quality improvement in hospitals: a SWOT analysis
    G K B Ng
    Department of Surgery, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    Hong Kong Med J 19:434-46. 2013
    ..The objectives of this review were to identify factors that influence implementation of hospital accreditation programmes and to assess the impact of the accreditation process on quality improvement in public hospitals...
  63. ncbi request reprint Are universal standards for optimal infant growth appropriate? Evidence from a Hong Kong Chinese birth cohort
    L L Hui
    The University of Hong Kong, Department of Community Medicine, 5 F William MW Mong Block, Room 5 21, 21 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, People s Republic of China
    Arch Dis Child 93:561-5. 2008
    ..Age and sex specific z scores were calculated relative to the WHO growth standards for term singletons...
  64. pmc How does socioeconomic development affect risk of mortality? An age-period-cohort analysis from a recently transitioned population in China
    Roger Y Chung
    Department of Community Medicine, School of Public Health, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, People s Republic of China
    Am J Epidemiol 171:345-56. 2010
    ..The full population health consequences of these changes are unlikely to manifest until persons who have spent their early lives in such environments reach an age at which they become vulnerable to chronic diseases...
  65. ncbi request reprint Obesity, physical activity, and mortality in a prospective chinese elderly cohort
    C Mary Schooling
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    Arch Intern Med 166:1498-504. 2006
    ..This apparent lack of relationship in older people could be an artifactual result of their diverse health states...
  66. doi request reprint A multilevel analysis of the effects of neighbourhood income inequality on individual self-rated health in Hong Kong
    Irene O L Wong
    The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, People s Republic of China
    Soc Sci Med 68:124-32. 2009
    ..We tested for but did not find any statistical interaction between these three income-related exposures. These findings suggest that neighbourhood income inequality is not an important predictor of individual health status in Hong Kong...
  67. ncbi request reprint Who receives, benefits from and is harmed by cervical and breast cancer screening among Hong Kong Chinese?
    Gabriel M Leung
    School of Public Health, University of Hong Kong, 21 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, China
    J Public Health (Oxf) 30:282-92. 2008
    ..To estimate the proportion of and characterize women who had received cervical and breast screening and to quantify the associated preventable burden of disease and potential iatrogenic harm...
  68. doi request reprint Effectiveness of ribavirin and corticosteroids for severe acute respiratory syndrome
    Eric H Y Lau
    School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Am J Med 122:1150.e11-21. 2009
    ..We assessed the effectiveness of ribavirin and corticosteroids as the initial treatment for severe acute respiratory syndrome using propensity score analysis...
  69. ncbi request reprint Effect of interventions on influenza A (H9N2) isolation in Hong Kong's live poultry markets, 1999-2005
    Eric H Y Lau
    The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1340-7. 2007
    ..22) in chickens. Combining 1 rest-day with the removal of quails further reduced virus isolation in chickens but not in minor poultry. However, an additional rest-day each month did not appear to affect isolation rates for either species...
  70. pmc Smoking, quitting and mortality in an elderly cohort of 56,000 Hong Kong Chinese
    Tai Hing Lam
    Department of Community Medicine, School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, 21 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    Tob Control 16:182-9. 2007
    ..Although the harms of smoking are well established, it is unclear how they extend into old age in the Chinese...
  71. ncbi request reprint Age of menarche and the metabolic syndrome in China
    Michelle Heys
    Department of Community Medicine, and School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Epidemiology 18:740-6. 2007
    ..We sought to determine the relation between age of menarche and the metabolic syndrome in a rapidly developing Chinese population...
  72. pmc Growth environment and sex differences in lipids, body shape and diabetes risk
    C Mary Schooling
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR, China
    PLoS ONE 2:e1070. 2007
    ..We assessed if environment during growth had sex-specific associations with lipids and body shape, but not diabetes...
  73. ncbi request reprint Socio-economic disparities of childhood Body Mass Index in a newly developed population: evidence from Hong Kong's 'Children of 1997' birth cohort
    C Mary Schooling
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, PR China
    Arch Dis Child 95:437-43. 2010
    ..The authors examined whether childhood BMI was associated with family or neighbourhood socio-economic characteristics in a recently and rapidly developed Chinese population...
  74. ncbi request reprint Comparison of the risks of atherosclerotic events versus death from other causes associated with antiretroviral use
    Grace P S Kwong
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, UK
    AIDS 20:1941-50. 2006
    ..Studies considering the risk of atherosclerotic disease (AtD) associated with the use of HAART have reported inconsistent results...
  75. ncbi request reprint Non-parametric estimation of the case fatality ratio with competing risks data: an application to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
    Nicholas P Jewell
    Division of Biostatistics and Department of Statistics, University of California, Berkeley, USA
    Stat Med 26:1982-98. 2007
    ..These issues are investigated here for non-parametric estimators of F(1) and F(2). The ideas are illustrated on case fatality data for individuals infected with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in Hong Kong in 2003...
  76. ncbi request reprint Smoking and mortality in the oldest-old, evidence from a prospective cohort of 56,000 Hong Kong Chinese
    Tai Hing Lam
    J Am Geriatr Soc 55:2090-1. 2007
  77. pmc Was Rodney Ledward a statistical outlier? Statistical method may be difficult to apply in clinical practice
    Benjamin J Cowling
    BMJ 330:1448; author reply 1448-9. 2005
  78. ncbi request reprint Semi-parametric accelerated failure time regression analysis with application to interval-censored HIV/AIDS data
    Hongqi Xue
    Department of Mathematics, Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    Stat Med 25:3850-63. 2006
    ....