Chun-Hung Chu

Summary

Affiliation: Faculty of Dentistry, University of Hong Kong
Location: Hong Kong , China
URL: http://facdent.hku.hk/about/academicstaff_info.php?sid=d0012
Summary:
BDS (HKU) 1989
MDS (HKU) 1992
PDipDS (HKU) 1997
PhD (HKU) 2004
FRACDS 1996
FDSRCSEd 1997
MAGD 2004
ABGD 2005
FRACDS(DPH) 2011

Clinical Associate Professor (Community & Family Dentistry)
Grants:
Project Code/Funding Scheme 09101101
Health and Health Services Research Fund - Full Grants
Project Title Effectiveness of silver diamine fluoride in arresting dental caries in preschool children: a randomized clinical trial with different periodicity and concentration
Approved Amount
(HK$)838,392
Project Code/Funding Scheme N_HKU 776/10
NSFC/RGC Joint Research Scheme
Enamel microstructure regeneration in macroscale by molecular mimetic method
Approved Amount
(HK$)743,000
Project Code/Funding Scheme 2010001
"Bright Smiles Bright Future" Dental Health Education Grant
Project Title "Bright Smiles Bright Future" Dental Health Education to kindergarten children in Hong Kong
Approved Amount
(HK$)220,000
Project Code/Funding Scheme 210205
S.K. Yee Medical Foundation - General Award
Project Title Outreach dental service to control tooth decay in disadvantaged kindergarten children
Approved Amount
(HK$)1,248,016
Project Code/Funding Scheme 200907176060
Small Project Funding
Project Title Clinical evaluation of single versus multiple visit endodontic therapy
Approved Amount
(HK$)60,000
Project Code/Funding Scheme 01080405
Health Care and Promotion Fund - Research Grant Projects
Project Title Outreach dental caries control service for kindergarten children
Approved Amount
(HK$)300,000
Project Code/Funding Scheme 200807176127
Small Project Funding
Project Title Oral health status and oral features of Chinese people with Systemic Sclerosis (Scleroderma) in Hong Kong
Approved Amount
(HK$)46,408
Publications:
1: Gao XL, Seneviratne CJ, Lo EC, Chu CH, Samaranayake LP. Novel and conventional
assays in determining abundance of Streptococcus mutans in saliva. Int J Paediatr
Dent. 2011 Dec 29. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-263X.2011.01207.x. [Epub ahead of print]
PubMed PMID: .


2: Chu CH, Zhang CF, Jin LJ. Treating a maxillary midline diastema in adult
patients: a general dentists perspective. J Am Dent Assoc. 2011
Nov;142(11):1258-64. PubMed PMID: .


3: Ning TY, Xu XH, Zhu LF, Zhu XP, Chu CH, Liu LK, Li QL. Biomimetic
mineralization of dentin induced by agarose gel loaded with calcium phosphate. J
Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater. 2012 Jan;100(1):138-44. doi:
10.1002/jbm.b.31931. Epub 2011 Sep 27. PubMed PMID: .


4: Chu CH, Lam A, Lo EC. Dentin hypersensitivity and its management. Gen Dent.
2011 Mar-Apr;59(2):115-22; quiz 123-4. Review. PubMed PMID: .


5: Leung WK, Chu CH, Mok MY, Yeung KW, Ng SK. Periodontal status of adults with
systemic sclerosis: case-control study. J Periodontol. 2011 Aug;82(8):1140-5.
doi: 10.1902/jop.2010.100593. PubMed PMID: .


6: Chu CH, Mei L, Seneviratne CJ, Lo EC. Effects of silver diamine fluoride on
dentine carious lesions induced by Streptococcus mutans and Actinomyces
naeslundii biofilms. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2012 Jan;22(1):2-10. doi:
10.1111/j.1365-263X.2011.01149.x. Epub 2011 Jun 27. PubMed PMID: .


7: Chu CH, Lo EC. Oral health status of Chinese teenagers with cerebral palsy.
Community Dent Health. 2010 Dec;27(4):222-6. PubMed PMID: .


8: Leung WK, Chu CH, Mok MY, Yeung KW, Ng SK. Periodontal Status of Adults With
Systemic Sclerosis: Case-Control Study. J Periodontol. 2011 Feb 2. [Epub ahead of
print] PubMed PMID: .


9: Chu CH, Yeung CM, Lai IA, Leung WK, Mok MY. Oral health of Chinese people with
systemic sclerosis. Clin Oral Investig. 2011 Dec;15(6):931-9. Epub 2010 Oct 12.
PubMed PMID: ; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3212684.


10: Lin X, Wu W, Zhang C, Lo EC, Chu CH, Dissanayaka WL. Prevalence and
distribution of developmental enamel defects in children with cerebral palsy in
Beijing, China. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2011 Jan;21(1):23-8. doi:
10.1111/j.1365-263X.2010.01075.x. PubMed PMID: .


11: Chu CH, Pang KK, Lo EC. Dietary behavior and knowledge of dental erosion
among Chinese adults. BMC Oral Health. 2010 Jun 3;10:13. PubMed PMID: ;
PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2894740.


12: Chu CH, Mei ML, Lo EC. Use of fluorides in dental caries management. Gen
Dent. 2010 Jan-Feb;58(1):37-43; quiz 44-5, 79-80. Review. PubMed PMID: .


13: Chu CH, Choy BH, Lo EC. Occlusion and orthodontic treatment demand among
Chinese young adults in Hong Kong. Oral Health Prev Dent. 2009;7(1):83-91. PubMed
PMID: .


14: Chu CH, Lo EC, You DS. Clinical diagnosis of fissure caries with conventional
and laser-induced fluorescence techniques. Lasers Med Sci. 2010 May;25(3):355-62.
Epub 2009 Mar 4. PubMed PMID: ; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2946546.


15: Chu CH, Lo EC. Promoting caries arrest in children with silver diamine
fluoride: a review. Oral Health Prev Dent. 2008;6(4):315-21. Review. PubMed PMID:
.


16: Chu CH, Chung BT, Lo EC. Caries assessment by clinical examination with or
without radiographs of young Chinese adults. Int Dent J. 2008 Oct;58(5):265-8.
PubMed PMID: .


17: Chu CH, Lo E. Uses of sodium fluoride varnish in dental practice. Ann R
Australas Coll Dent Surg. 2008 Jun;19:58-61. PubMed PMID: .


18: Chu CH, Lo EC. Microhardness of dentine in primary teeth after topical
fluoride applications. J Dent. 2008 Jun;36(6):387-91. Epub 2008 Apr 18. PubMed
PMID: .


19: Chu CH, Wong AW, Lo EC, Courtel F. Oral health status and behaviours of
children in rural districts of Cambodia. Int Dent J. 2008 Feb;58(1):15-22. PubMed
PMID: .


20: Chu CH, Lo EC. A review of sodium fluoride varnish. Gen Dent. 2006
Jul-Aug;54(4):247-53. Review. PubMed PMID: .


21: Chu CH, Fung DS, Lo EC. Dental caries status of preschool children in Hong
Kong. Br Dent J. 1999 Dec 11;187(11):616-20; discussion 605. PubMed PMID:
.


22: Chu CH, Lo EC, Cheung GS. Outcome of root canal treatment using Thermafil and
cold lateral condensation filling techniques. Int Endod J. 2005 Mar;38(3):179-85.
PubMed PMID: .


23: Leung WK, Chu CH. Dental caries and periodontal status of 12-year-old school
children in rural Qinghai, China. Int Dent J. 2003 Apr;53(2):73-8. PubMed PMID:
.


24: Chu CH, Lo EC, Lin HC. Effectiveness of silver diamine fluoride and sodium
fluoride varnish in arresting dentin caries in Chinese pre-school children. J
Dent Res. 2002 Nov;81(11):767-70. PubMed PMID: .


25: Lo EC, Yeung JC, Chu CH. Fee-paying systems and service patterns in a Hong
Kong dental clinic. Int Dent J. 2002 Aug;52(4):261-7. PubMed PMID: .


26: Lo EC, Chu CH, Lin HC. A community-based caries control program for
pre-school children using topical fluorides: 18-month results. J Dent Res. 2001
Dec;80(12):2071-4. PubMed PMID: .


27: Chu CH, Yeung CY, Lo EC. Monitoring patient satisfaction with university
dental services under two fee-paying systems. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2001
Oct;29(5):390-8. PubMed PMID: .


28: Chu CH, Lo EC. Patients satisfaction with dental services provided by a
university in Hong Kong. Int Dent J. 1999 Feb;49(1):53-9. PubMed PMID: .


29: Chu CH, King NM, Lee AM, Yiu CK, Wei SH. A pilot study of the marginal
adaptation and surface morphology of glass-cermet cements. Quintessence Int. 1996
Jul;27(7):493-501. PubMed PMID: 8941827.


30: Xie KX, Wang XY, Gao XJ, Yuan CY, Li JX, Chu CH. Fracture resistance of root
filled premolar teeth restored with direct composite resin with or without cusp
coverage. Int Endod J. 2012 Jan 14. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2591.2011.02005.x. [Epub
ahead of print] PubMed PMID: .

Publications

  1. request reprint
    Lo E, Yeung J, Chu C. Fee-paying systems and service patterns in a Hong Kong dental clinic. Int Dent J. 2002;52:261-7 pubmed
    ..5 vs 99.4). On switching from a time-based to an item-based fee-paying system, dentists in the UHS dental clinic became more productive and the consumption of dental services per patient also increased. ..
  2. request reprint
    Chu C, Lo E. A review of sodium fluoride varnish. Gen Dent. 2006;54:247-53 pubmed
    ..As a result, it is regarded as one of the superior topical fluoride agents for young children...
  3. request reprint
    Chu C, Mei M, Lo E. Use of fluorides in dental caries management. Gen Dent. 2010;58:37-43; quiz 44-5, 79-80 pubmed
    ..Fluorosis has been reported in conjunction with increased doses of fluoride. A coordinated approach to fluoride delivery is essential to avoid the risk of fluorosis...
  4. request reprint
    Chu C, Yeung C, Lo E. Monitoring patient satisfaction with university dental services under two fee-paying systems. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2001;29:390-8 pubmed
    ..The recent attempts by the University Dental Clinic to shorten patient waiting time and the change in fee-paying system might have improved the patients' satisfaction with the service. ..
  5. Ning T, Xu X, Zhu L, Zhu X, Chu C, Liu L, et al. Biomimetic mineralization of dentin induced by agarose gel loaded with calcium phosphate. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater. 2012;100:138-44 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, this method may provide the experimental basis for dentin remineralization and for a new method to treat dentin hypersensitivity and dental caries. ..
  6. request reprint
    Leung W, Chu C, Mok M, Yeung K, Ng S. Periodontal Status of Adults With Systemic Sclerosis: Case-Control Study. J Periodontol. 2011;: pubmed
    ..Future studies are warranted to further investigate any associations between these periodontal features and SSc. ..
  7. Xie K, Wang X, Gao X, Yuan C, Li J, Chu C. Fracture resistance of root filled premolar teeth restored with direct composite resin with or without cusp coverage. Int Endod J. 2012;45:524-9 pubmed publisher
    ..001). When direct composite resin was used to restore root filled maxillary first premolar teeth involving a proximal surface, those restored with full-coverage designs had greater fracture resistance. ..
  8. request reprint
    Chu C, King N, Lee A, Yiu C, Wei S. A pilot study of the marginal adaptation and surface morphology of glass-cermet cements. Quintessence Int. 1996;27:493-501 pubmed
    ..However, there was no statistically significant difference in the marginal adaptation of the three groups at 24 months...
  9. request reprint
    Chu C, Lam A, Lo E. Dentin hypersensitivity and its management. Gen Dent. 2011;59:115-22; quiz 123-4 pubmed
    ..Depending on the identified cause, a combination of individualized instructions on proper oral health behaviors, use of at-home products, and professional treatment may be required to manage the problem...
  10. Leung W, Chu C, Mok M, Yeung K, Ng S. Periodontal status of adults with systemic sclerosis: case-control study. J Periodontol. 2011;82:1140-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Future studies are warranted to further investigate any associations between these periodontal features and SSc. ..

Detail Information

Publications51

  1. request reprint
    Lo E, Yeung J, Chu C. Fee-paying systems and service patterns in a Hong Kong dental clinic. Int Dent J. 2002;52:261-7 pubmed
    ..5 vs 99.4). On switching from a time-based to an item-based fee-paying system, dentists in the UHS dental clinic became more productive and the consumption of dental services per patient also increased. ..
  2. request reprint
    Chu C, Lo E. A review of sodium fluoride varnish. Gen Dent. 2006;54:247-53 pubmed
    ..As a result, it is regarded as one of the superior topical fluoride agents for young children...
  3. request reprint
    Chu C, Mei M, Lo E. Use of fluorides in dental caries management. Gen Dent. 2010;58:37-43; quiz 44-5, 79-80 pubmed
    ..Fluorosis has been reported in conjunction with increased doses of fluoride. A coordinated approach to fluoride delivery is essential to avoid the risk of fluorosis...
  4. request reprint
    Chu C, Yeung C, Lo E. Monitoring patient satisfaction with university dental services under two fee-paying systems. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2001;29:390-8 pubmed
    ..The recent attempts by the University Dental Clinic to shorten patient waiting time and the change in fee-paying system might have improved the patients' satisfaction with the service. ..
  5. Ning T, Xu X, Zhu L, Zhu X, Chu C, Liu L, et al. Biomimetic mineralization of dentin induced by agarose gel loaded with calcium phosphate. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater. 2012;100:138-44 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, this method may provide the experimental basis for dentin remineralization and for a new method to treat dentin hypersensitivity and dental caries. ..
  6. request reprint
    Leung W, Chu C, Mok M, Yeung K, Ng S. Periodontal Status of Adults With Systemic Sclerosis: Case-Control Study. J Periodontol. 2011;: pubmed
    ..Future studies are warranted to further investigate any associations between these periodontal features and SSc. ..
  7. Xie K, Wang X, Gao X, Yuan C, Li J, Chu C. Fracture resistance of root filled premolar teeth restored with direct composite resin with or without cusp coverage. Int Endod J. 2012;45:524-9 pubmed publisher
    ..001). When direct composite resin was used to restore root filled maxillary first premolar teeth involving a proximal surface, those restored with full-coverage designs had greater fracture resistance. ..
  8. request reprint
    Chu C, King N, Lee A, Yiu C, Wei S. A pilot study of the marginal adaptation and surface morphology of glass-cermet cements. Quintessence Int. 1996;27:493-501 pubmed
    ..However, there was no statistically significant difference in the marginal adaptation of the three groups at 24 months...
  9. request reprint
    Chu C, Lam A, Lo E. Dentin hypersensitivity and its management. Gen Dent. 2011;59:115-22; quiz 123-4 pubmed
    ..Depending on the identified cause, a combination of individualized instructions on proper oral health behaviors, use of at-home products, and professional treatment may be required to manage the problem...
  10. Leung W, Chu C, Mok M, Yeung K, Ng S. Periodontal status of adults with systemic sclerosis: case-control study. J Periodontol. 2011;82:1140-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Future studies are warranted to further investigate any associations between these periodontal features and SSc. ..
  11. Chu C, Pang K, Lo E. Dietary behavior and knowledge of dental erosion among Chinese adults. BMC Oral Health. 2010;10:13 pubmed publisher
    ..Dental health education is essential to help the public understand dental erosion and its damaging effects. ..
  12. Chu C, Lo E, You D. Clinical diagnosis of fissure caries with conventional and laser-induced fluorescence techniques. Lasers Med Sci. 2010;25:355-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Caries detection by a combination of visual examination and DIAGNOdent had a sensitivity of 0.67 and specificity of 0.94. Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that this combined approach was superior to the other methods. ..
  13. Chu C, Lo E. Microhardness of dentine in primary teeth after topical fluoride applications. J Dent. 2008;36:387-91 pubmed publisher
    ..At a distance of 225 microm or more from the lesion surface, the microhardness of both arrested and soft dentinal caries was similar. ..
  14. request reprint
    Chu C, Zhang C, Jin L. Treating a maxillary midline diastema in adult patients: a general dentist's perspective. J Am Dent Assoc. 2011;142:1258-64 pubmed
    ..Although an MMD can be transient owing to the developing dentition and, thus, requires no active treatment, management of MMDs in the permanent dentition requires a detailed examination and appropriate care...
  15. request reprint
    Chu C, Lo E, Lin H. Effectiveness of silver diamine fluoride and sodium fluoride varnish in arresting dentin caries in Chinese pre-school children. J Dent Res. 2002;81:767-70 pubmed
    ..5, 2.8, 1.5, 1.5, and 1.3 (p < 0.001). Silver diamine fluoride was found to be effective in arresting dentin caries in primary anterior teeth in pre-school children...
  16. request reprint
    Chu C, Wong A, Lo E, Courtel F. Oral health status and behaviours of children in rural districts of Cambodia. Int Dent J. 2008;58:15-22 pubmed
    ..The 12-year-old children had a mean score of 1.1 DMFT in their permanent teeth. They all had bleeding gums and more than half had calculus. Their oral health habits need to improve as many children never brushed their teeth. ..
  17. request reprint
    Chu C, Choy B, Lo E. Occlusion and orthodontic treatment demand among Chinese young adults in Hong Kong. Oral Health Prev Dent. 2009;7:83-91 pubmed
    ..Apart from consideration of dental health needs, the common reasons for orthodontic treatment demand were influenced by the desire for improvement in appearance. ..
  18. request reprint
    Chu C, Lo E. Uses of sodium fluoride varnish in dental practice. Ann R Australas Coll Dent Surg. 2008;19:58-61 pubmed
    ..The simplicity of its application makes it very suitable and practical for use in dental clinics and outreach dental services, especially in young children and in other special needs groups. ..
  19. Chu C, Mei L, Seneviratne C, Lo E. Effects of silver diamine fluoride on dentine carious lesions induced by Streptococcus mutans and Actinomyces naeslundii biofilms. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2012;22:2-10 pubmed publisher
    ..mutans or A. naeslundii formed on dentine surfaces. SDF slowed down demineralization of dentine. This dual activity could be the reason behind clinical success of SDF...
  20. Gao X, Seneviratne C, Lo E, Chu C, Samaranayake L. Novel and conventional assays in determining abundance of Streptococcus mutans in saliva. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2012;22:363-8 pubmed publisher
    ..7%/79.8% and 25.8%/91.8%, respectively). The monoclonal antibody-based immunoassay accurately and rapidly determines S. mutans abundance in saliva and could be useful for chairside assessment of children's caries risk. ..
  21. request reprint
    Chu C, Lo E. Patients' satisfaction with dental services provided by a university in Hong Kong. Int Dent J. 1999;49:53-9 pubmed
    ..Thus if the university dental clinic wants to implement changes so as to improve consumer satisfaction and utilisation, a careful analysis of the specific opinions of its various consumer groups is required. ..
  22. Chu C, Yeung C, Lai I, Leung W, Mok M. Oral health of Chinese people with systemic sclerosis. Clin Oral Investig. 2011;15:931-9 pubmed publisher
    ..18?±?0.17 ml/min vs. 0.31?±?0.21 ml/min; p?=?0.003) and pH values (6.90?±?0.40 vs. 7.28?±?0.31; p?<?0.001) and reduced maximal mouth opening (40.1?±?6.5 mm vs. 43.6?±?7.0 mm) than people without SSc. ..
  23. Lin X, Wu W, Zhang C, Lo E, Chu C, Dissanayaka W. Prevalence and distribution of developmental enamel defects in children with cerebral palsy in Beijing, China. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2011;21:23-8 pubmed publisher
    ..05). A high prevalence of developmental enamel defects was found among the children with CP. The prevalence of defects varied with the tooth type and was associated with gestational age of the children. ..
  24. request reprint
    Chu C, Lo E. Oral health status of Chinese teenagers with cerebral palsy. Community Dent Health. 2010;27:222-6 pubmed
    ..2. Despite daily tooth brushing, the periodontal status of all participants was poor. Providing oral hygiene instructions and scaling are essential to improve their oral health. ..
  25. request reprint
    Chu C, Chung B, Lo E. Caries assessment by clinical examination with or without radiographs of young Chinese adults. Int Dent J. 2008;58:265-8 pubmed
    ....
  26. request reprint
    Chu C, Lo E, Cheung G. Outcome of root canal treatment using Thermafil and cold lateral condensation filling techniques. Int Endod J. 2005;38:179-85 pubmed
    ..TF consumed significantly less time than LC. The type of postendodontic restoration had a significant association with the presence of post-treatment disease. ..
  27. request reprint
    Lo E, Chu C, Lin H. A community-based caries control program for pre-school children using topical fluorides: 18-month results. J Dent Res. 2001;80:2071-4 pubmed
    ..The mean numbers of new caries surfaces in the five groups were 0.4, 0.4, 0.8, 0.6, and 1.2, respectively (p = 0.001). The respective mean numbers of arrested carious tooth surfaces were 2.8, 3.0, 1.7, 1.5, and 1.0 (p < 0.001)...
  28. Chen K, Gao S, Duangthip D, Lo E, Chu C. Managing Early Childhood Caries for Young Children in China. Healthcare (Basel). 2018;6: pubmed publisher
    ..It can be a simple, non-invasive and low-cost treatment. However, it stains caries black. Children and their parents must be well informed before SDF treatment. ..
  29. Gao S, Zhao I, Duffin S, Duangthip D, Lo E, Chu C. Revitalising Silver Nitrate for Caries Management. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018;15: pubmed publisher
    ..It is well accepted by many clinicians and patients and therefore appears to be a promising strategy for caries control, particularly for young children, the elderly, and patients with severe caries risk or special needs. ..
  30. Wong A, Zhang S, Li S, Zhang C, Chu C. Clinical studies on core-carrier obturation: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Oral Health. 2017;17:167 pubmed publisher
    ..Short-term postoperative pain was not uncommon (24%). Most teeth (85%) had adequate adaptation using core-carrier obturation material, but a considerable amount of teeth (31%) had overfilling. ..
  31. Zhao I, Mei M, Burrow M, Lo E, Chu C. Prevention of secondary caries using silver diamine fluoride treatment and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate modified glass-ionomer cement. J Dent. 2017;57:38-44 pubmed publisher
    ..The results provide useful information to dentists in formulating clinical management protocols and material when treating root caries. ..
  32. Li R, Lo E, Liu B, Wong M, Chu C. Randomized clinical trial on arresting dental root caries through silver diammine fluoride applications in community-dwelling elders. J Dent. 2016;51:15-20 pubmed publisher
    ..In a water fluoridated area, annual application of SDF solution or SDF/KI solution can arrest dental root caries in elders. In the long term, application of KI does not reduce the blackening of arrested caries lesions caused by SDF. ..
  33. Gao S, Zhang S, Mei M, Lo E, Chu C. Caries remineralisation and arresting effect in children by professionally applied fluoride treatment - a systematic review. BMC Oral Health. 2016;16:12 pubmed publisher
    ..9 % (95 % CI: 41.2 % - 90.7 %; p < 0.001). Professionally applied 5 % sodium fluoride varnish can remineralise early enamel caries and 38 % silver diamine fluoride is effective in arresting dentine caries. ..
  34. Mei M, Chen Y, Li H, Chu C. Influence of the indirect restoration design on the fracture resistance: a finite element study. Biomed Eng Online. 2016;15:3 pubmed publisher
    ..Oblique occlusal force imparts substantially higher stress to large composite resin inlay than to the adjacent dentine. ..
  35. Zhang S, Liu J, Lo E, Chu C. Dental caries status of Dai preschool children in Yunnan Province, China. BMC Oral Health. 2013;13:68 pubmed publisher
    ..The caries experience was associated with gender, snack habits, dental visit habits, and oral hygiene status. ..
  36. Wong A, Tsang C, Zhang S, Li K, Zhang C, Chu C. Treatment outcomes of single-visit versus multiple-visit non-surgical endodontic therapy: a randomised clinical trial. BMC Oral Health. 2015;15:162 pubmed publisher
    ..The chairside time for single-visit treatment was shorter than multiple-visit treatment. Clinical Trials (WHO) ChiCTR-IOR-15006117 registered on 20 March 2015. ..
  37. Zhao I, Mei M, Burrow M, Lo E, Chu C. Effect of Silver Diamine Fluoride and Potassium Iodide Treatment on Secondary Caries Prevention and Tooth Discolouration in Cervical Glass Ionomer Cement Restoration. Int J Mol Sci. 2017;18: pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, a perceptible staining on the restoration margin was observed, but the intensity of discolouration was less than that with solely SDF treatment. ..
  38. request reprint
    Chu C, Lo E. Promoting caries arrest in children with silver diamine fluoride: a review. Oral Health Prev Dent. 2008;6:315-21 pubmed
    ..It can be used to arrest caries progression in very young children who are less cooperative, and it allows definitive restoration to be performed when they grow older and become more receptive to dental procedures. ..
  39. request reprint
    Chu C, Chau A, Wong Z, Hui B, Lo E. Oral health status and behaviours of children in Myanmar - a pilot study in four villages in rural areas. Oral Health Prev Dent. 2012;10:365-71 pubmed
    ..The prevalence and severity of dental caries among the children in the four villages in northeastern Myanmar was low. Their oral hygiene habits and periodontal conditions were not satisfactory and need to be improved. ..
  40. Duangthip D, Chen K, Gao S, Lo E, Chu C. Managing Early Childhood Caries with Atraumatic Restorative Treatment and Topical Silver and Fluoride Agents. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017;14: pubmed publisher
    ..Silver diamine fluoride is considered safe and effective in arresting dentine caries in primary teeth. The aim of this paper is to review and discuss updated evidence of these alternative approaches in order to manage cavitated ECC...
  41. Chen K, Gao S, Duangthip D, Li S, Lo E, Chu C. Dental caries status and its associated factors among 5-year-old Hong Kong children: a cross-sectional study. BMC Oral Health. 2017;17:121 pubmed publisher
    ..The caries prevalence of the children was related to their frequency of sugary snack intake, dental attendance and socio-economic background. ..
  42. Mei M, So S, Li H, Chu C. Effect of Heat Treatment on the Physical Properties of Provisional Crowns during Polymerization: An in Vitro Study. Materials (Basel). 2015;8:1766-1777 pubmed publisher
    ..Flexural strength of certain provisional materials cured at 60 °C increased, but there was also an increase in surface roughness and marginal discrepancy. ..
  43. Zhao I, Mei M, Zhou Z, Burrow M, Lo E, Chu C. Shear Bond Strength and Remineralisation Effect of a Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate-Modified Glass Ionomer Cement on Artificial "Caries-Affected" Dentine. Int J Mol Sci. 2017;18: pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, CPP-ACP-modified GIC is superior to conventional GIC in promoting dentine remineralisation. ..
  44. Fang H, Li Q, Han M, Mei M, Chu C. Anti-proteolytic property and bonding durability of mussel adhesive protein-modified dentin adhesive interface. Dent Mater. 2017;33:1075-1083 pubmed publisher
    ..001). MAP inhibits collagenase activity, prevents dentin collagen degradation, and delays the deterioration of the dentin bonding of composite restoration over time. ..
  45. Zhang S, Lo E, Chu C. Occlusal Features and Caries Experience of Hong Kong Chinese Preschool Children: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017;14: pubmed publisher
    ..About three-quarters of them had a maxillary primate space, and half of them had a mandibular primate space. Their occlusal traits were not associated with caries experience and prevalence. ..
  46. Mei M, Li Q, Chu C. Inhibition of Cariogenic Plaque Formation on Root Surface with Polydopamine-Induced-Polyethylene Glycol Coating. Materials (Basel). 2016;9: pubmed publisher
    ..Its anti-biofouling effect inhibited salivary mucin absorption and cariogenic biofilm formation on dentine surface and thus may be used for the prevention of root dentine caries. ..
  47. Wu X, Mei M, Li Q, Cao C, Chen J, Xia R, et al. A Direct Electric Field-Aided Biomimetic Mineralization System for Inducing the Remineralization of Dentin Collagen Matrix. Materials (Basel). 2015;8:7889-7899 pubmed publisher
    ..This study developed an accelerated biomimetic mineralization system which can be a potential protocol for the biomineralization of dentinal defects. ..
  48. Yu O, Mei M, Zhao I, Lo E, Chu C. Effects of Fluoride on Two Chemical Models of Enamel Demineralization. Materials (Basel). 2017;10: pubmed publisher
    ..An acetate buffer may damage the enamel surface, but the surface damage can be prevented by adding fluoride. ..
  49. Mei M, Li Q, Chu C, Lo E, Samaranayake L. Antibacterial effects of silver diamine fluoride on multi-species cariogenic biofilm on caries. Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob. 2013;12:4 pubmed publisher
    ..01). 38% SDF inhibits multi-species cariogenic biofilm formation on dentin carious lesions and reduces the demineralization process. ..
  50. Chu C, Wong S, Suen R, Lo E. Oral health and dental care in Hong Kong. Surgeon. 2013;11:153-7 pubmed publisher
    ..There are 8 specialties, which are Community Dentistry, Endodontics, Family Dentistry, Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Oral Rehabilitation, Orthodontics, Pediatric Dentistry, and Periodontics. ..
  51. Mei M, Chu C, Lo E, Samaranayake L. Preventing root caries development under oral biofilm challenge in an artificial mouth. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2013;18:e557-63 pubmed
    ..To study the preventive effects of chlorhexidine against root caries under oral biofilm in an artificial mouth...