Caroline A Davis

Summary

Affiliation: York University
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi Sensitivity to the rewarding effects of food and exercise in the eating disorders
    Caroline Davis
    Department of Psychiatry, The University Health Network, and the Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Canada
    Compr Psychiatry 43:189-94. 2002
  2. ncbi Sensitivity to reward and body mass index (BMI): evidence for a non-linear relationship
    Caroline Davis
    Kinesiology and Health Sciences, York University, 343 Bethune College, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto Ont, Canada, M3J 1P3
    Appetite 50:43-9. 2008
  3. ncbi Personality and eating behaviors: a case-control study of binge eating disorder
    Caroline Davis
    York University, Toronto, Canada
    Int J Eat Disord 41:243-50. 2008
  4. doi Opiates, overeating and obesity: a psychogenetic analysis
    C Davis
    Kinesiology and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Obes (Lond) 35:1347-54. 2011
  5. doi 'Food addiction' and its association with a dopaminergic multilocus genetic profile
    Caroline Davis
    School of Kinesiology and Health Sciences, York University, Toronto, Canada The Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
    Physiol Behav 118:63-9. 2013
  6. doi Addictive behaviors and addiction-prone personality traits: associations with a dopamine multilocus genetic profile
    Caroline Davis
    School of Kinesiology and Health Sciences, York University, Toronto, Canada
    Addict Behav 38:2306-12. 2013
  7. doi Binge eating disorder and the dopamine D2 receptor: genotypes and sub-phenotypes
    Caroline Davis
    Kinesiology and Health Sciences, York University, Toronto, Canada M3J1P3
    Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 38:328-35. 2012
  8. doi The suppression of appetite and food consumption by methylphenidate: the moderating effects of gender and weight status in healthy adults
    Caroline Davis
    Faculty of Health, York University, Toronto, Canada
    Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 15:181-7. 2012
  9. doi Evidence that 'food addiction' is a valid phenotype of obesity
    Caroline Davis
    Faculty of Health, York University, 343 Bethune College, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada
    Appetite 57:711-7. 2011
  10. doi Reward sensitivity and the D2 dopamine receptor gene: A case-control study of binge eating disorder
    Caroline Davis
    Kinesiology and Health Sciences, York University, Toronto, Canada
    Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 32:620-8. 2008

Detail Information

Publications36

  1. ncbi Sensitivity to the rewarding effects of food and exercise in the eating disorders
    Caroline Davis
    Department of Psychiatry, The University Health Network, and the Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Canada
    Compr Psychiatry 43:189-94. 2002
    ....
  2. ncbi Sensitivity to reward and body mass index (BMI): evidence for a non-linear relationship
    Caroline Davis
    Kinesiology and Health Sciences, York University, 343 Bethune College, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto Ont, Canada, M3J 1P3
    Appetite 50:43-9. 2008
    ....
  3. ncbi Personality and eating behaviors: a case-control study of binge eating disorder
    Caroline Davis
    York University, Toronto, Canada
    Int J Eat Disord 41:243-50. 2008
    ..Our purpose was to ascertain whether BED individuals differed in important ways from nonbinging obese adults...
  4. doi Opiates, overeating and obesity: a psychogenetic analysis
    C Davis
    Kinesiology and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Obes (Lond) 35:1347-54. 2011
    ..We also anticipated that these food preferences would be positively associated with binge eating, hedonic eating and emotionally driven eating-patterns of overeating that would, in turn, predict higher body mass index (BMI)...
  5. doi 'Food addiction' and its association with a dopaminergic multilocus genetic profile
    Caroline Davis
    School of Kinesiology and Health Sciences, York University, Toronto, Canada The Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
    Physiol Behav 118:63-9. 2013
    ..Our second aim was to assess whether this index was positively associated with eating-related sub-phenotypes of food addiction (e.g. binge eating and food cravings)...
  6. doi Addictive behaviors and addiction-prone personality traits: associations with a dopamine multilocus genetic profile
    Caroline Davis
    School of Kinesiology and Health Sciences, York University, Toronto, Canada
    Addict Behav 38:2306-12. 2013
    ..These data suggest that brain reward processes tend to exert their influence on addiction risk by their role in the development of relatively stable personality traits associated with addictive behaviors...
  7. doi Binge eating disorder and the dopamine D2 receptor: genotypes and sub-phenotypes
    Caroline Davis
    Kinesiology and Health Sciences, York University, Toronto, Canada M3J1P3
    Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 38:328-35. 2012
    ..We investigated the D2 receptors genes (DRD2/ANKK1) and their relation to the BED phenotype and four sub-phenotypes of BED that reflect an enhanced response to positive food stimuli...
  8. doi The suppression of appetite and food consumption by methylphenidate: the moderating effects of gender and weight status in healthy adults
    Caroline Davis
    Faculty of Health, York University, Toronto, Canada
    Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 15:181-7. 2012
    ....
  9. doi Evidence that 'food addiction' is a valid phenotype of obesity
    Caroline Davis
    Faculty of Health, York University, 343 Bethune College, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada
    Appetite 57:711-7. 2011
    ....
  10. doi Reward sensitivity and the D2 dopamine receptor gene: A case-control study of binge eating disorder
    Caroline Davis
    Kinesiology and Health Sciences, York University, Toronto, Canada
    Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 32:620-8. 2008
    ..The present study addressed this issue by implementing psychological and biological markers of reward sensitivity in the assessment protocol...
  11. doi Education level moderates learning on two versions of the Iowa Gambling Task
    Caroline Davis
    Faculty of Health Sciences, York University, Toronto, Canada
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 14:1063-8. 2008
    ..Conclusions are that education level, among neurologically-normal adults, should be treated as a stratification or matching variable in case-control research using this task...
  12. doi A psycho-genetic study of associations between the symptoms of binge eating disorder and those of attention deficit (hyperactivity) disorder
    Caroline Davis
    Faculty of Health Sciences, York University, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 343 Bethune College, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Psychiatr Res 43:687-96. 2009
    ..We also assessed the role of the dopamine D3 receptor in ADHD symptoms since the DRD3 gene has been associated with impulsivity and drug addiction - both relevant features of ADHD...
  13. doi Dopamine for "wanting" and opioids for "liking": a comparison of obese adults with and without binge eating
    Caroline A Davis
    Department of Kinesiology and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:1220-5. 2009
    ....
  14. doi Compulsive overeating as an addiction disorder. A review of theory and evidence
    Caroline Davis
    York University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Appetite 53:1-8. 2009
    ..We have provided some recommendations for treatment modifications that recognize the similarities between treating drug dependence and compulsive overeating...
  15. doi Psychobiological traits in the risk profile for overeating and weight gain
    C Davis
    Bethune College, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Obes (Lond) 33:S49-53. 2009
    ..Finally, the role of impulsivity and its links with symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder are discussed, as well as their respective roles in the risk profile for obesity...
  16. doi Immediate pleasures and future consequences. A neuropsychological study of binge eating and obesity
    Caroline Davis
    Department of Kinesiology and Health Sciences, 343 Bethune College, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON M3J1P3, Canada
    Appetite 54:208-13. 2010
    ..Interestingly, when education level was added to the models, those with a higher education performed better on both tasks, and the group differences were not significant...
  17. doi Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: associations with overeating and obesity
    Caroline Davis
    York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Curr Psychiatry Rep 12:389-95. 2010
    ..This view conforms with the well-established evidence that drug use and abuse are substantially higher among those with ADHD than among the general population...
  18. doi Is human seasonality implicated in the risk profile for obesity?
    Caroline Davis
    Kinesiology and Health Sciences, York University, Toronto, Canada
    Eat Behav 11:301-4. 2010
    ..Reasons why seasonality is positively associated with BMI only in men are not immediately apparent. It is possible that other gender-specific risk factors for overeating may contribute to these findings...
  19. ncbi Not just a pretty face: physical attractiveness and perfectionism in the risk for eating disorders
    C Davis
    Department of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Eat Disord 27:67-73. 2000
    ..Surprisingly, however, no research has examined the relationship between objective physical beauty and eating pathologies, despite clinical and theoretical reasons to expect a positive relationship between the two...
  20. ncbi Looking good-family focus on appearance and the risk for eating disorders
    Caroline Davis
    Department of Kinesiology and Health Sciences, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Eat Disord 35:136-44. 2004
    ..We tested this hypothesis by predicting that proneness to anxiety (neuroticism) and a family appearance focus would relate interactively (after controlling for body size) to a measure of weight preoccupation...
  21. ncbi Sensitivity to reward: implications for overeating and overweight
    Caroline Davis
    Kinesiology and Health Sciences, 343 Bethune College, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ont, Canada M3J 1P3
    Appetite 42:131-8. 2004
    ..Results also indicate that STR may serve as a risk factor for overeating and overweight, especially in cultures such as ours where palatable, calorically-dense food is plentiful...
  22. ncbi Decision-making deficits and overeating: a risk model for obesity
    Caroline Davis
    York University, 343 Bethune College, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3, Canada
    Obes Res 12:929-35. 2004
    ..That is, they choose immediate rewards in the face of future long-term negative consequences...
  23. ncbi Female adolescents with anorexia nervosa and their parents: a case-control study of exercise attitudes and behaviours
    Caroline Davis
    Department of Kinesiology and Health Sciences, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Psychol Med 35:377-86. 2005
    ..Finally, we expected that the AN parents would be more active and report a greater commitment to exercise than the control parents...
  24. ncbi Seasonality and seasonal affective disorder (SAD): an evolutionary viewpoint tied to energy conservation and reproductive cycles
    Caroline Davis
    York University, 343 Bethune College, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M3J 1P3
    J Affect Disord 87:3-10. 2005
    ..The adaptive value of such a pattern, and its putative role in natural selection in humans, is also discussed...
  25. ncbi Anorexia nervosa with excessive exercise: a phenotype with close links to obsessive-compulsive disorder
    Caroline Davis
    Department of Kinesiology and Health Sciences, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Psychiatry Res 142:209-17. 2006
    ..Findings support our prediction that AN patients with excessive physical activity constitute a subtype of the disorder with strong links to OCD. Indeed, this phenotype may be a culture-bound variant of OCD...
  26. ncbi Dopamine transporter gene (DAT1) associated with appetite suppression to methylphenidate in a case-control study of binge eating disorder
    Caroline Davis
    Department of Kinesiology and Health Sciences, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Neuropsychopharmacology 32:2199-206. 2007
    ..The current findings have implications for treatment response to drugs currently in use (or being developed) for the treatment of overeating and overweight...
  27. ncbi Associations among overeating, overweight, and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a structural equation modelling approach
    Caroline Davis
    Departments of Kinesiology and Health Science and Psychology, Bethune College, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M3J 1P3
    Eat Behav 7:266-74. 2006
    ..Some recent studies have reported strong links between obesity and ADHD in adults; however, to date, little work has focussed on possible behavioural mechanisms that could account for this association...
  28. ncbi From motivation to behaviour: a model of reward sensitivity, overeating, and food preferences in the risk profile for obesity
    Caroline Davis
    Department of Kinesiology and Health Sciences, York University, and Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Appetite 48:12-9. 2007
    ....
  29. ncbi Psychological factors associated with ratings of portion size: relevance to the risk profile for obesity
    Caroline Davis
    Department of Kinesiology and Health Sciences, York University, 343 Bethune College, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M3J 1P3
    Eat Behav 8:170-6. 2007
    ....
  30. ncbi Thinness and body shape of Playboy centerfolds from 1978 to 1998
    P T Katzmarzyk
    School of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University, North York, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:590-2. 2001
    ..Changes in the body weight and shape of Playboy centerfolds over the past two decades (1978-1998) were examined...
  31. ncbi A birth-season/DRD4 gene interaction predicts weight gain and obesity in women with seasonal affective disorder: A seasonal thrifty phenotype hypothesis
    Robert D Levitan
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Neuropsychopharmacology 31:2498-503. 2006
    ..We speculate that these data may reflect the vestigial expression of a seasonal thrifty phenotype that contributed to the positive selection of the 7R allele over the past 40,000 years...
  32. ncbi The dopamine-4 receptor gene associated with binge eating and weight gain in women with seasonal affective disorder: an evolutionary perspective
    Robert D Levitan
    Mood and Anxiety Division, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto, Department of Psychiatry, 250 College Street, Room 1126, Toronto, Ontario M5T 1R8, Canada
    Biol Psychiatry 56:665-9. 2004
    ..In this study, we examined whether binge eating behavior mediated this putative association...
  33. ncbi Personality factors and disordered eating in young women with type 1 diabetes mellitus
    Stacey M Pollock-Barziv
    Department of Kinesiology and Health Science, Faculty of Graduate Studies, York University University Health Network
    Psychosomatics 46:11-8. 2005
    ..g., insulin omission) and poor glycemic control. The results suggest that personality factors are related to disordered eating and poor glycemic control in diabetic women...
  34. ncbi A DRD4/BDNF gene-gene interaction associated with maximum BMI in women with bulimia nervosa
    Allan S Kaplan
    Eating Disorders Program, Toronto General Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    Int J Eat Disord 41:22-8. 2008
    ....