E Bialystok

Summary

Affiliation: York University
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Critical evidence: a test of the critical-period hypothesis for second-language acquisition
    Kenji Hakuta
    Stanford University, CA 94305, USA
    Psychol Sci 14:31-8. 2003
  2. ncbi request reprint Cognition through the lifespan: mechanisms of change
    Fergus I M Craik
    Rotman Research Institute at Baycrest, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario M6A 2E1, Canada
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:131-8. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint Bilingualism as a protection against the onset of symptoms of dementia
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Neuropsychologia 45:459-64. 2007
  4. ncbi request reprint Planning and task management in older adults: cooking breakfast
    Fergus I M Craik
    Rotman Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Mem Cognit 34:1236-49. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint Effects of bilingualism, aging, and semantic relatedness on memory under divided attention
    Myra A Fernandes
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario
    Can J Exp Psychol 61:128-41. 2007
  6. pmc Bilingualism: consequences for mind and brain
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON, M3J 1P3, Canada
    Trends Cogn Sci 16:240-50. 2012
  7. pmc Emerging bilingualism: dissociating advantages for metalinguistic awareness and executive control
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, 4700 Keele St, M3J 1P3, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Cognition 122:67-73. 2012
  8. ncbi request reprint Dual-modality monitoring in a classification task: the effects of bilingualism and ageing
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 59:1968-83. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint Executive control in a modified antisaccade task: Effects of aging and bilingualism
    Ellen Bialystok
    Faculty of Health, Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 32:1341-54. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint Bilingualism and naming: implications for cognitive assessment
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 13:209-11; discussion 215-8. 2007

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications36

  1. ncbi request reprint Critical evidence: a test of the critical-period hypothesis for second-language acquisition
    Kenji Hakuta
    Stanford University, CA 94305, USA
    Psychol Sci 14:31-8. 2003
    ..Thus, the pattern of decline in second-language acquisition failed to produce the discontinuity that is an essential hallmark of a critical period...
  2. ncbi request reprint Cognition through the lifespan: mechanisms of change
    Fergus I M Craik
    Rotman Research Institute at Baycrest, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario M6A 2E1, Canada
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:131-8. 2006
    ..This framework is offered in light of recent interest in finding greater continuity throughout the lifespan and creating a more comprehensive explanation of cognitive function and cognitive change...
  3. ncbi request reprint Bilingualism as a protection against the onset of symptoms of dementia
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Neuropsychologia 45:459-64. 2007
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint Planning and task management in older adults: cooking breakfast
    Fergus I M Craik
    Rotman Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Mem Cognit 34:1236-49. 2006
    ..The results showed substantial age-related decrements in most measures of executive control. Additionally, older bilinguals showed some advantages in task management over their monolingual peers...
  5. ncbi request reprint Effects of bilingualism, aging, and semantic relatedness on memory under divided attention
    Myra A Fernandes
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario
    Can J Exp Psychol 61:128-41. 2007
    ..The results suggest that encoding is more sensitive to semantic similarity in a distracting task than is retrieval. The role of attention at encoding and retrieval is discussed...
  6. pmc Bilingualism: consequences for mind and brain
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON, M3J 1P3, Canada
    Trends Cogn Sci 16:240-50. 2012
    ..Cognitive reserve is a crucial research area in the context of an aging population; the possibility that bilingualism contributes to cognitive reserve is therefore of growing importance as populations become increasingly diverse...
  7. pmc Emerging bilingualism: dissociating advantages for metalinguistic awareness and executive control
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, 4700 Keele St, M3J 1P3, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Cognition 122:67-73. 2012
    ..This dissociation is consistent with models of lifespan development that distinguish between representational structure and executive control...
  8. ncbi request reprint Dual-modality monitoring in a classification task: the effects of bilingualism and ageing
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 59:1968-83. 2006
    ..The results indicate different processing demands for the two domains, with the simpler domain (LN) favouring bilinguals and the more semantically complex domain (AM) favouring related judgements for the two task modalities...
  9. ncbi request reprint Executive control in a modified antisaccade task: Effects of aging and bilingualism
    Ellen Bialystok
    Faculty of Health, Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 32:1341-54. 2006
    ..A speculative interpretation of this pattern of results is offered in conclusion...
  10. ncbi request reprint Bilingualism and naming: implications for cognitive assessment
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 13:209-11; discussion 215-8. 2007
    ..This observation is important if cognitive status is inferred from naming performance. In this commentary we largely endorse the arguments made by Gollan and colleagues, although we point to some limitations in their experimental design...
  11. doi request reprint Planning and task management in Parkinson's disease: differential emphasis in dual-task performance
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 14:257-65. 2008
    ..This benefit may occur as a consequence of their inflexible exaggerated attention to some aspects of a complex task to the relative neglect of other aspects...
  12. doi request reprint Cognitive control and lexical access in younger and older bilinguals
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 34:859-73. 2008
    ..The confirmation of this pattern in the same participants is discussed in terms of a suggested explanation of how the need to manage 2 language systems leads to these different outcomes for cognitive and linguistic functions...
  13. pmc Language proficiency and executive control in proactive interference: evidence from monolingual and bilingual children and adults
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ont, Canada M3J 1P3
    Brain Lang 109:93-100. 2009
    ..They also suggest that bilinguals may compensate for weaker language proficiency with their greater executive control to achieve the same or better levels of performance as monolinguals...
  14. doi request reprint Musical expertise, bilingualism, and executive functioning
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 35:565-74. 2009
    ....
  15. pmc Components of executive control with advantages for bilingual children in two cultures
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Cognition 112:494-500. 2009
    ..They also contribute to theoretical conceptions of the components of executive control and their development...
  16. pmc Claiming evidence from non-evidence: a reply to Morton and Harper
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Dev Sci 12:499-501; discussion 502-3. 2009
    ..The present paper points to weaknesses in their experimental design, analysis, and logic that together undermine their criticism of the conclusion that bilingualism is responsible for the reported group differences...
  17. pmc Global-local and trail-making tasks by monolingual and bilingual children: beyond inhibition
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada
    Dev Psychol 46:93-105. 2010
    ..Finally, the bilingual advantage in the trail-making task suggests that the interpretation of standardized measures of executive control needs to be reconsidered for children with specific experiences, such as bilingualism...
  18. pmc Coordination of executive functions in monolingual and bilingual children
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M3J 1P3
    J Exp Child Psychol 110:461-8. 2011
    ..The results are interpreted in terms of the enhanced ability of bilingual children to coordinate the executive control components required in performing this complex task...
  19. doi request reprint How does experience change cognition? Evaluating the evidence
    Ellen Bialystok
    York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Br J Psychol 102:303-5; discussion 309-12. 2011
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Effect of bilingualism and computer video game experience on the Simon task
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Exp Psychol 60:68-79. 2006
    ..The results show the potential of experience to modify performance and point to subtle processing differences in various versions of the Simon task...
  21. ncbi request reprint Effects of bilingualism and biliteracy on children's emerging concepts of print
    E Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Ontario, Canada
    Dev Psychol 33:429-40. 1997
    ..The older Chinese-English bilingual children also showed advanced understanding of the specific correspondence relations in English print...
  22. ncbi request reprint Languages, scripts, and the environment: factors in developing concepts of print
    E Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Dev Psychol 36:66-76. 2000
    ..The results show that the bilingual children in both settings were more advanced than the monolinguals in both tasks and in both settings...
  23. ncbi request reprint Symbolic representation across domains in preschool children
    E Bialystok
    York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Exp Child Psychol 76:173-89. 2000
    ..The results point to weaknesses in children's understanding of how representations refer to meanings...
  24. ncbi request reprint Representing quantity beyond whole numbers: some, none, and part
    E Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Exp Psychol 54:117-28. 2000
    ..Children were able to solve the zero problems almost as well as they could the whole numbers, but their understanding and use of representations for fractions was very limited...
  25. ncbi request reprint Notation to symbol: Development in children's understanding of print
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ont, Canada M3J 1P3
    J Exp Child Psychol 86:223-43. 2003
    ..Furthermore, executive processes of representation and inhibition are identified as significant to children's solutions...
  26. ncbi request reprint Executive processes in appearance-reality tasks: the role of inhibition of attention and symbolic representation
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, M3J 1P3, Canada
    Child Dev 75:562-79. 2004
    ..The difference is attributed to the advanced inhibitory control that comes with bilingualism...
  27. ncbi request reprint Bilingualism, aging, and cognitive control: evidence from the Simon task
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Psychol Aging 19:290-303. 2004
    ..It appears, therefore, that controlled processing is carried out more effectively by bilinguals and that bilingualism helps to offset age-related losses in certain executive processes...
  28. ncbi request reprint Effect of bilingualism on cognitive control in the Simon task: evidence from MEG
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Neuroimage 24:40-9. 2005
    ..The monolinguals demonstrated faster reaction times with activation in middle frontal regions. The interpretation is that the management of two language systems led to systematic changes in frontal executive functions...
  29. ncbi request reprint Attention and inhibition in bilingual children: evidence from the dimensional change card sort task
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Canada
    Dev Sci 7:325-39. 2004
    ..The results also identify the ability to ignore an obsolete display feature as the critical difficulty in solving this task...
  30. ncbi request reprint Ambiguous benefits: the effect of bilingualism on reversing ambiguous figures
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Dev Sci 8:595-604. 2005
    ..In both cases, the meaning of an image must be reassigned, and bilinguals were better in both these tasks...
  31. doi request reprint Reshaping the mind: the benefits of bilingualism
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Can J Exp Psychol 65:229-35. 2011
    ..Evidence for the protective effect of bilingualism against Alzheimer's disease is presented with some speculation about the reason for that protection...
  32. doi request reprint Effect of language proficiency and executive control on verbal fluency performance in bilinguals
    Lin Luo
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada M3J 1P3
    Cognition 114:29-41. 2010
    ..The results are discussed in terms of the contributions of linguistic resources and executive control to verbal performance...
  33. ncbi request reprint Intelligence and executive control: evidence from aging and bilingualism
    Fergus Craik
    Rotman Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Cortex 41:222-4. 2005
  34. ncbi request reprint Release bursts in English word-final voiceless stops produced by native English and Korean adults and children
    Kimiko Tsukada
    University of Western Sydney, Penrith South DC, N S W, Australia
    Phonetica 61:67-83. 2004
    ..Taken together, the results suggested that noncontrastive (i.e., statistical) properties of an L2 can be learned by children, and to a somewhat lesser extent by adults...
  35. ncbi request reprint Levels of phonological awareness in three cultures
    Catherine McBride-Chang
    Department of Psychology, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, T T, Hong Kong
    J Exp Child Psychol 89:93-111. 2004
    ..These results underscore the roles of both language and writing system in understanding levels of phonological awareness...
  36. ncbi request reprint New approaches to using census data to test the critical-period hypothesis for second-language acquisition
    Edward W Wiley
    249 UCB, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:341-3. 2005

Research Grants5

  1. Cognitive and Language development in bilingual children
    Ellen Bialystok; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The results will be used to understand how language experience affects development for a specific group of children and how the plasticity of the mind is responsive to social and linguistic contingencies in the environment. ..
  2. Cognitive and Language development in bilingual children
    Ellen Bialystok; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. Cognitive and Language development in bilingual children
    Ellen Bialystok; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results will be used to understand how language experience affects development for a specific group of children and how the plasticity of the mind is responsive to social and linguistic contingencies in the environment. ..