R E Upshur

Summary

Affiliation: University of Toronto
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. pmc Does socioeconomic status affect mortality subsequent to hospital admission for community acquired pneumonia among older persons?
    Linda Vrbova
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, McMurrich Building, 12 Queen s Park Crescent W, Toronto, ON, M5S 1A8, Canada
    J Negat Results Biomed 4:4. 2005
  2. pmc Feasibility of a patient decision aid regarding disclosure of personal health information: qualitative evaluation of the Health Care Information Directive
    C Shawn Tracy
    Primary Care Research Unit, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre 2075 Bayview Avenue, Room E3 49 Toronto, ON M4N 3M5 Canada
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 4:13. 2004
  3. pmc Critical reflections on evidence, ethics and effectiveness in the management of tuberculosis: public health and global perspectives
    Geetika Verma
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, M5T 1R8 Canada
    BMC Med Ethics 5:E2. 2004
  4. pmc Sources of evidence in HIV/AIDS care: pilot study comparing family physicians and AIDS service organization staff
    Kasia E Stefanski
    Primary Care Research Unit, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Room E3 49, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5 Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 4:18. 2004
  5. pmc Long term benzodiazepine use for insomnia in patients over the age of 60: discordance of patient and physician perceptions
    Leevin Mah
    Family Medicine Residency Program, Department of Family and Community Medicine Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    BMC Fam Pract 3:9. 2002
  6. pmc Is there a clinically significant gender bias in post-myocardial infarction pharmacological management in the older (>60) population of a primary care practice?
    Romolo Di Cecco
    Residency Program, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    BMC Fam Pract 3:8. 2002
  7. pmc The nexus of evidence, context, and patient preferences in primary care: postal survey of Canadian family physicians
    C Shawn Tracy
    Primary Care Research Unit, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Room E3 49, Toronto, ON Canada M4N 3M5
    BMC Fam Pract 4:13. 2003
  8. pmc Oral vitamin B12 therapy in the primary care setting: a qualitative and quantitative study of patient perspectives
    Jeff C Kwong
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, 263 McCaul Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5T 1W7, Canada
    BMC Fam Pract 6:8. 2005
  9. pmc Evidence-based medicine in primary care: qualitative study of family physicians
    C Shawn Tracy
    Primary Care Research Unit, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5 Canada
    BMC Fam Pract 4:6. 2003
  10. pmc Patients' perspectives on taking warfarin: qualitative study in family practice
    Guilherme Coelho Dantas
    Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5 Canada
    BMC Fam Pract 5:15. 2004

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications60

  1. pmc Does socioeconomic status affect mortality subsequent to hospital admission for community acquired pneumonia among older persons?
    Linda Vrbova
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, McMurrich Building, 12 Queen s Park Crescent W, Toronto, ON, M5S 1A8, Canada
    J Negat Results Biomed 4:4. 2005
    ....
  2. pmc Feasibility of a patient decision aid regarding disclosure of personal health information: qualitative evaluation of the Health Care Information Directive
    C Shawn Tracy
    Primary Care Research Unit, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre 2075 Bayview Avenue, Room E3 49 Toronto, ON M4N 3M5 Canada
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 4:13. 2004
    ..The objective of this study was to evaluate the Health Care Information Directive (HCID), a recently-developed patient decision aid that aims to delineate the level of health information an individual is willing to share...
  3. pmc Critical reflections on evidence, ethics and effectiveness in the management of tuberculosis: public health and global perspectives
    Geetika Verma
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, M5T 1R8 Canada
    BMC Med Ethics 5:E2. 2004
    ..Tuberculosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Recent scholarly attention to public health ethics provides an opportunity to analyze several ethical issues raised by the global tuberculosis pandemic...
  4. pmc Sources of evidence in HIV/AIDS care: pilot study comparing family physicians and AIDS service organization staff
    Kasia E Stefanski
    Primary Care Research Unit, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Room E3 49, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5 Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 4:18. 2004
    ..Our objective was to investigate how two groups of treatment information providers for people living with HIV/AIDS perceive the importance of various sources of treatment information...
  5. pmc Long term benzodiazepine use for insomnia in patients over the age of 60: discordance of patient and physician perceptions
    Leevin Mah
    Family Medicine Residency Program, Department of Family and Community Medicine Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    BMC Fam Pract 3:9. 2002
    ..The aim of this study was to determine and compare patients' and physicians' perceptions of benefits and risks of long term benzodiazepine use for insomnia in the elderly...
  6. pmc Is there a clinically significant gender bias in post-myocardial infarction pharmacological management in the older (>60) population of a primary care practice?
    Romolo Di Cecco
    Residency Program, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    BMC Fam Pract 3:8. 2002
    ..There are few studies of potential inequalities of treatment that arise from a primary care context. This study investigated the existence of such inequalities in the medical management of post myocardial infarction in older patients...
  7. pmc The nexus of evidence, context, and patient preferences in primary care: postal survey of Canadian family physicians
    C Shawn Tracy
    Primary Care Research Unit, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Room E3 49, Toronto, ON Canada M4N 3M5
    BMC Fam Pract 4:13. 2003
    ..This study sought to examine the relationships among family physicians' attitudes toward EBM, contextual factors, and clinical decision-making and to investigate the factors that contribute to 'contrary to evidence' clinical decisions...
  8. pmc Oral vitamin B12 therapy in the primary care setting: a qualitative and quantitative study of patient perspectives
    Jeff C Kwong
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, 263 McCaul Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5T 1W7, Canada
    BMC Fam Pract 6:8. 2005
    ..We investigated patient perspectives on switching from injection to oral B12 therapy...
  9. pmc Evidence-based medicine in primary care: qualitative study of family physicians
    C Shawn Tracy
    Primary Care Research Unit, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5 Canada
    BMC Fam Pract 4:6. 2003
    ....
  10. pmc Patients' perspectives on taking warfarin: qualitative study in family practice
    Guilherme Coelho Dantas
    Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5 Canada
    BMC Fam Pract 5:15. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to employ qualitative methods to investigate the experience and perspective of individuals taking warfarin...
  11. pmc Atrial fibrillation in a primary care practice: prevalence and management
    Lance Ceresne
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    BMC Fam Pract 3:11. 2002
    ..This study sought to determine the prevalence of atrial fibrillation in a primary care population and to identify and quantify the treatments being used for stroke prevention in this group of patients...
  12. pmc Short report: managing anticoagulation. Comparison of results at three primary care centres
    Ross E G Upshur
    Primary Care Research Unit at Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre SWCHSC, Toronto, ON
    Can Fam Physician 49:181-4. 2003
  13. ncbi request reprint Argumentation and evidence
    R E G Upshur
    Sunnybrook and Women s Health Sciences Centre, Joint Centre for Bioethics, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Theor Med Bioeth 24:283-99. 2003
    ....
  14. pmc Is there a clinically significant seasonal component to hospital admissions for atrial fibrillation?
    Ross E G Upshur
    Primary Care Research Unit, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, E 349, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4N 3M5
    BMC Health Serv Res 4:5. 2004
    ..Atrial fibrillation is a common cardiac dysrhythmia, particularly in the elderly. Recent studies have indicated a statistically significant seasonal component to atrial fibrillation hospitalizations...
  15. pmc Are all evidence-based practices alike? Problems in the ranking of evidence
    Ross E G Upshur
    Primary Care Research Unit, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 169:672-3. 2003
  16. pmc Simplicity within complexity: seasonality and predictability of hospital admissions in the province of Ontario 1988-2001, a population-based analysis
    Ross E G Upshur
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, 263 McCaul Street, Toronto, ON M5T 1W7, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 5:13. 2005
    ..Less well understood is whether seasonal patterns occur for non-communicable diseases. The overall effect of seasonal fluctuations on hospital admissions has not been systematically evaluated...
  17. pmc DNA databanks and consent: a suggested policy option involving an authorization model
    Timothy Caulfield
    Primary Care Research Unit, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Joint Centre for Bioethics, University of Toronto, Toronto, M4N 3M5, Canada
    BMC Med Ethics 4:E1. 2003
    ..However, as all possible research questions that can be posed of the data are unknown, an unresolved ethical issue is the status of informed consent for future research uses of genetic material...
  18. ncbi request reprint If not evidence, then what? Or does medicine really need a base?
    Ross E G Upshur
    Primary Care Unit, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre
    J Eval Clin Pract 8:113-9. 2002
    ..Drawing from recent writings in the philosophy of science, it is argued that there is a need to see multiple perspectives relevant to the practice and understanding of medicine...
  19. ncbi request reprint The effect of tuberculosis and tuberculosis contact tracing on school function: an exploratory focus group study
    R E Upshur
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto
    Can J Public Health 90:389-91. 1999
    ..Selected schools in East York, an ethnically diverse municipality of 110,000 people within Toronto...
  20. ncbi request reprint Measuring the impact of influenza on the hospital admission rates of the elderly in Ontario: a five-year admission rate analysis, 1988-1993
    R E Upshur
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 91:144-7. 2000
    ..A retrospective study was conducted to compare age- and sex-specific rates of hospital admission of the elderly in Ontario for five influenza seasons from 1988-1993 for pneumonia, congestive heart failure and chronic respiratory disease...
  21. pmc The health care information directive
    R E Upshur
    Department of Family and Community Medicine and Public Health Sciences, Joint Centre for Bioethics, University of Toronto, Canada
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 1:1. 2001
    ..This paper proposes a health care information directive, analogous to an advance directive, to facilitate choices regarding health information disclosure...
  22. ncbi request reprint Screening mammography in older women: a pilot study of residents' decisions
    Ross E G Upshur
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Teach Learn Med 14:11-4. 2002
    ..Most guidelines do not recommend routine screening in older women. How residents reason in this gray zone has been subject to little empirical study...
  23. ncbi request reprint The ethics of alpha: reflections on statistics, evidence and values in medicine
    R E Upshur
    Theor Med Bioeth 22:565-76. 2001
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Principles for the justification of public health intervention
    R E G Upshur
    Joint Centre for Bioethics, University of Toronto, Primary Care Research Unit, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5
    Can J Public Health 93:101-3. 2002
    ..The objective of this paper is to discuss principles relevant to ethical deliberation in public health...
  25. ncbi request reprint Two techniques for teaching the estimation of prior probabilities
    R E Upshur
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Room E349B, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4N 3M5
    Teach Learn Med 12:141-4. 2000
    ..If evidence-based approaches to clinical care are to succeed, there is a need to develop pedagogical tools to introduce the relevant techniques in clinical medicine...
  26. pmc Hepatitis B virus infected physicians and disclosure of transmission risks to patients: a critical analysis
    Diana L Barrigar
    Primary Care Research Unit, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Department of Family and Community Medicine and Public Health Sciences
    BMC Med Ethics 2:E4. 2001
    ..Generally, they have deferred this work to vaguely defined "expert panels" which will have the power to dictate the conditions under which infected health care workers may continue to practice...
  27. pmc A population based time series analysis of asthma hospitalisations in Ontario, Canada: 1988 to 2000
    E J Crighton
    Primary Care Research Unit, Room E 354 Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Department of Family and Community Medicine and Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 1:7. 2001
    ..This study set out to examine the seasonal patterns of asthma hospitalisations in relation to age and gender for the province of Ontario over a period of 12 years...
  28. ncbi request reprint Use of antidepressants among elderly subjects: trends and contributing factors
    M M Mamdani
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, the Center for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
    Am J Psychiatry 157:360-7. 2000
    ..The authors assessed changes over time in antidepressant utilization among elderly subjects regarding the prevalence of antidepressant users, shifts in prescription patterns, and related financial implications...
  29. ncbi request reprint Meaning and measurement: an inclusive model of evidence in health care
    R E Upshur
    Primary Care Research Unit, Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Sunnybrook Campus, Sunnybrook and Women's College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Eval Clin Pract 7:91-6. 2001
    ..The rationale for these distinctions and the implications of these for a theory of evidence are discussed...
  30. ncbi request reprint Knowledge and practices regarding tuberculosis: a survey of final-year medical students from Canada, India and Uganda
    J Emili
    Department of Family Medicine, McMaster University, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 35:530-6. 2001
    ..Tuberculosis is one of the most common infectious diseases worldwide and is responsible for the largest number of deaths from a single infectious cause...
  31. pmc Seasonality of service provision in hip and knee surgery: a possible contributor to waiting times? A time series analysis
    Ross E G Upshur
    Primary Care Research Unit, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 6:22. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that significant seasonal variation exists in the performance of hip and knee replacement surgery in the province of Ontario...
  32. ncbi request reprint The complex, the exhausted and the personal: reflections on the relationship between evidence-based medicine and casuistry. Commentary on Tonelli (2006), Integrating evidence into clinical practice: an alternative to evidence-based approaches. Journal of
    Ross E G Upshur
    Primary Care Research Unit, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Eval Clin Pract 12:281-8. 2006
  33. pmc Pandemic influenza preparedness: an ethical framework to guide decision-making
    Alison K Thompson
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St, Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5B 1W8, Canada
    BMC Med Ethics 7:E12. 2006
    ..Good pandemic planning requires reflection on values because science alone cannot tell us how to prepare for a public health crisis...
  34. pmc Evidence and effectiveness in decisionmaking for quarantine
    Cécile M Bensimon
    Joint Centre for Bioethics and Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Public Health 97:S44-8. 2007
    ....
  35. pmc Chaperone use during intimate examinations in primary care: postal survey of family physicians
    David H Price
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5, Canada
    BMC Fam Pract 6:52. 2005
    ..We aimed to determine the frequency of chaperone use among family physicians across a variety of intimate physical examinations for both male and female patients, and also to identify the factors associated with chaperone use...
  36. ncbi request reprint Temporal analysis of acute myocardial infarction in Ontario, Canada
    Linda Vrbova
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Can J Cardiol 21:841-5. 2005
    ..Evidence suggests that the incidence and mortality of AMI increase in the winter. Determining the strength and nature of seasonality patterns in relation to age and sex may be helpful in health care planning...
  37. doi request reprint Utilization patterns of diagnostic imaging across the late life course: a population-based study in Ontario, Canada
    Li Wang
    Primary Care Research Unit, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Technol Assess Health Care 24:384-90. 2008
    ..The aim of this study is to investigate the utilization patterns of outpatient diagnostic imaging services (X-ray, CT, and MRI) across the late life course (65 years and older)...
  38. pmc Contextual factors in clinical decision making: national survey of Canadian family physicians
    C Shawn Tracy
    Primary Care Research Unit, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ont
    Can Fam Physician 51:1106-7. 2005
    ..A secondary objective was to examine the extent to which this relationship varies by type of clinical decision...
  39. pmc Lack of chart reminder effectiveness on family medicine resident JNC-VI and NCEP III guideline knowledge and attitudes
    Paul S Echlin
    Primary Care Research Unit, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, E 349, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4N 3M5
    BMC Fam Pract 5:14. 2004
    ....
  40. pmc Seasonality of primary care utilization for respiratory diseases in Ontario: a time-series analysis
    Rahim Moineddin
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, 263 McCaul Street, Toronto, ON, M5T 2W7, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:160. 2008
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint The seasonality of total hospitalizations in Ontario by age and gender: a time series analysis
    Eric J Crighton
    Primary Care Research Unit, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Ave, Room E 349, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5
    Can J Public Health 94:453-7. 2003
    ....
  42. doi request reprint Survival with tiotropium compared to long-acting Beta-2-agonists in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
    Andrea S Gershon
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    COPD 5:229-34. 2008
    ..This result suggests that tiotropium might also be associated with decreased mortality compared to no treatment at all. Randomized placebo-control trials are needed to confirm these findings...
  43. pmc Ethics and SARS: lessons from Toronto
    Peter A Singer
    University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics, 88 College St, Toronto, Canada M5G 1L4
    BMJ 327:1342-4. 2003
  44. pmc MedsCheck: an opportunity missed
    C Shawn Tracy
    CMAJ 178:440. 2008
  45. ncbi request reprint Spatio-temporal analysis of pneumonia and influenza hospitalizations in Ontario, Canada
    Eric J Crighton
    Department of Geography, University of Ottawa, 60 University Avenue, Simard Hall Room 06, Ottawa, ON, K1N 6N5 Canada
    Geospat Health 2:191-202. 2008
    ..This research represents an important step towards understanding the dynamic nature of these illnesses, and sets the stage for the application of spatio-temporal modelling techniques to explain them...
  46. ncbi request reprint A qualitative study of the duty to care in communicable disease outbreaks
    Cécile M Bensimon
    Joint Centre for Bioethics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 65:2566-75. 2007
    ..It can also enhance the focus of our current expectations of HCPs' duty during epidemics. This can be achieved by informing regulatory bodies, collaborating with policy makers and engaging the public...
  47. pmc Family physicians' attitudes toward education in research skills during residency: findings from a national mailed survey
    Natalie Leahy
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Ave, Room E3 49, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Can Fam Physician 54:413-4. 2008
    ....
  48. pmc Mortality of elderly patients in Ontario after hospital admission for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    Jason X Nie
    Care Research Group, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Canada
    Can Respir J 14:485-9. 2007
    ..Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with significant mortality. It is currently the fourth leading cause of death in Canada and the world...
  49. ncbi request reprint Evidence-Based Medicine, Reasoned Medicine or both? Commentary on Jenicek, M. (2006) 'The hard art of soft science'
    Ross E G Upshur
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Canada Research Chair in Primary Care Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Eval Clin Pract 12:420-2. 2006
  50. ncbi request reprint Anesthesia, ethics, and severe acute respiratory syndrome
    Joan C Bevan
    Can J Anaesth 50:977-9, 979-82. 2003
  51. pmc SARS and hospital priority setting: a qualitative case study and evaluation
    Jennifer A H Bell
    University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 4:36. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study is to describe and evaluate priority setting in a hospital in response to SARS using the ethical framework 'accountability for reasonableness'...
  52. pmc Influenza and pneumonia hospitalizations in Ontario: a time-series analysis
    Eric J Crighton
    Primary Care Research Unit, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Epidemiol Infect 132:1167-74. 2004
    ..These findings can contribute to more population-specific prevention strategies and effective resource and service allocation based on seasonal and specific population demands...
  53. ncbi request reprint Framework for bioethical assessment of an article on therapy
    Mark Bernstein
    Division of Neurosurgery, Toronto Western Hospital, Ontario, Canada
    J Neurosurg 98:485-90. 2003
    ..Comprehensive frameworks do not exist for the assessment of bioethical issues pertaining to research on human volunteers...
  54. pmc A randomised comparison of the effect of three patient information leaflet models on older patients' treatment intentions
    S Whatley
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Br J Gen Pract 52:483-4. 2002
    ..The results showed that patients randomised to the traditional PIL were less likely to consider taking the hypothetical medication...
  55. ncbi request reprint Warfarin therapy and risk of hip fracture among elderly patients
    Muhammad Mamdani
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Pharmacotherapy 23:1-4. 2003
    ..To ascertain the relationship between warfarin therapy and subsequent hip fracture in a large elderly population...
  56. ncbi request reprint Avian influenza and pandemics
    C Shawn Tracy
    N Engl J Med 352:1928. 2005
  57. ncbi request reprint Croup hospitalizations in Ontario: a 14-year time-series analysis
    Audrey O Segal
    Primary Care Research Unit, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Ave, E 349, Toronto, ON, Canada M4N 3M5
    Pediatrics 116:51-5. 2005
    ..This study examined the seasonal pattern of croup hospitalizations in relation to age and gender for the province of Ontario during a 14-year period...
  58. pmc Time series analysis of age related cataract hospitalizations and phacoemulsification
    Alan M Leong
    Primary Care Research Unit, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON, M4N 3M5, Canada
    BMC Ophthalmol 6:2. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to utilize time series methodology to determine the temporal and seasonal variations and the strength of the seasonality in age-related (senile) cataract hospitalizations and phacoemulsification surgeries...
  59. pmc Psychosocial effects of SARS on hospital staff: survey of a large tertiary care institution
    Leslie A Nickell
    Primary Care Research Unit, Department of Family and Community Medicine, E 352, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5, Canada
    CMAJ 170:793-8. 2004
    ..The outbreak of SARS in 2003 had a dramatic effect on the health care system in Toronto. The main objective of this study was to investigate the psychosocial effects associated with working in a hospital environment during this outbreak...
  60. pmc Taking tissue seriously means taking communities seriously
    Ross E G Upshur
    University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics, 88 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1L4, Canada
    BMC Med Ethics 8:11. 2007
    ..This often leads to the export of human tissue (defined broadly) from the developing to the developed world for analysis. These practices raise a number of important ethical issues that require attention...