Jack Thomas Trevors

Summary

Affiliation: University of Guelph
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi The subsurface origin of microbial life on the Earth
    J T Trevors
    Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, ON, Canada
    Res Microbiol 153:487-91. 2002
  2. ncbi Fluorescent probes for bacterial cytoplasmic membrane research
    J T Trevors
    Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
    J Biochem Biophys Methods 57:87-103. 2003
  3. ncbi Chance and necessity do not explain the origin of life
    J T Trevors
    Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Department of Environmental Biology, Room 3220, Bovey Building, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, N1G 2W1
    Cell Biol Int 28:729-39. 2004
  4. ncbi The possible origin of the first cell biosystem in the thermal subsurface environment of the earth
    Jack T Trevors
    Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Riv Biol 97:79-90. 2004
  5. doi Origin of life: hypothesized roles of high-energy electrical discharges, infrared radiation, thermosynthesis and pre-photosynthesis
    J T Trevors
    Laboratory of Microbiology, School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road, E, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
    Theory Biosci 131:225-9. 2012
  6. doi Physical and biochemical nature of the bacterial cytoplasm: movement and localization of mRNA and the 30S subunits of ribosomes
    J T Trevors
    School of Environmental Sciences, Laboratory of Microbiology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada
    Prog Biophys Mol Biol 109:1-5. 2012
  7. doi Can dead bacterial cells be defined and are genes expressed after cell death?
    J T Trevors
    Laboratory of Microbiology, School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1
    J Microbiol Methods 90:25-8. 2012
  8. doi Transformative research: definitions, approaches and consequences
    J T Trevors
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road, East, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
    Theory Biosci 131:117-23. 2012
  9. ncbi A perspective on the mobilization, localization and delivery of molecules in the crowded bacterial cytoplasm
    J T Trevors
    Laboratory of Microbiology, School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Rd, East, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1, Canada
    Curr Issues Mol Biol 14:39-46. 2012
  10. doi Bacterial gene expression at low temperatures
    J T Trevors
    Laboratory of Microbiology, School of Environmental Sciences, Rm 3220 Bovey Bldg, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1, Canada
    Extremophiles 16:167-76. 2012

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications62

  1. ncbi The subsurface origin of microbial life on the Earth
    J T Trevors
    Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, ON, Canada
    Res Microbiol 153:487-91. 2002
    ..In this manuscript, the surface and subsurface worlds are examined with a focus on the origin or assembly of bacterial life...
  2. ncbi Fluorescent probes for bacterial cytoplasmic membrane research
    J T Trevors
    Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
    J Biochem Biophys Methods 57:87-103. 2003
    ....
  3. ncbi Chance and necessity do not explain the origin of life
    J T Trevors
    Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Department of Environmental Biology, Room 3220, Bovey Building, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, N1G 2W1
    Cell Biol Int 28:729-39. 2004
    ..Minimal metabolism would be needed for cells to be capable of growth and division. All known metabolism is cybernetic--that is, it is programmatically and algorithmically organized and controlled...
  4. ncbi The possible origin of the first cell biosystem in the thermal subsurface environment of the earth
    Jack T Trevors
    Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Riv Biol 97:79-90. 2004
    ..This warm subsurface location, protected from surface radiation, could have been a favourable location for the assembly of the first bacterial cells on the Earth capable of growth and controlled division or the first biosystem...
  5. doi Origin of life: hypothesized roles of high-energy electrical discharges, infrared radiation, thermosynthesis and pre-photosynthesis
    J T Trevors
    Laboratory of Microbiology, School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road, E, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
    Theory Biosci 131:225-9. 2012
    ..In addition, the dual particle-wave nature of light is discussed from the perspective that life requires light acting both as a wave and particle...
  6. doi Physical and biochemical nature of the bacterial cytoplasm: movement and localization of mRNA and the 30S subunits of ribosomes
    J T Trevors
    School of Environmental Sciences, Laboratory of Microbiology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada
    Prog Biophys Mol Biol 109:1-5. 2012
    ....
  7. doi Can dead bacterial cells be defined and are genes expressed after cell death?
    J T Trevors
    Laboratory of Microbiology, School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1
    J Microbiol Methods 90:25-8. 2012
    ..The definition of living and dead has implications for possible, completely, synthetic bacterial cells that may be capable of growth and division...
  8. doi Transformative research: definitions, approaches and consequences
    J T Trevors
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road, East, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
    Theory Biosci 131:117-23. 2012
    ..Examples are provided to illustrate how TR may unfold. Contributions it makes to basic and applied humanistic knowledge are highlighted...
  9. ncbi A perspective on the mobilization, localization and delivery of molecules in the crowded bacterial cytoplasm
    J T Trevors
    Laboratory of Microbiology, School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Rd, East, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1, Canada
    Curr Issues Mol Biol 14:39-46. 2012
    ....
  10. doi Bacterial gene expression at low temperatures
    J T Trevors
    Laboratory of Microbiology, School of Environmental Sciences, Rm 3220 Bovey Bldg, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1, Canada
    Extremophiles 16:167-76. 2012
    ..The pros and cons of some of the molecular methodologies for gene expression analysis are also discussed...
  11. ncbi Quantum microbiology
    J T Trevors
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Curr Issues Mol Biol 13:43-50. 2011
    ....
  12. pmc Measuring the functional sequence complexity of proteins
    Kirk K Durston
    Department of Biophysics, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1, Canada
    Theor Biol Med Model 4:47. 2007
    ..In this paper, we provide a method to measure functional sequence complexity...
  13. pmc Three subsets of sequence complexity and their relevance to biopolymeric information
    David L Abel
    The Gene Emergence Project, The Origin of Life Foundation, Inc, Greenbelt, MD 20770 1610, USA
    Theor Biol Med Model 2:29. 2005
    ..Organization invariably manifests FSC rather than successive random events (RSC) or low-informational self-ordering phenomena (OSC)...
  14. doi Hypothesized origin of microbial life in a prebiotic gel and the transition to a living biofilm and microbial mats
    Jack T Trevors
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    C R Biol 334:269-72. 2011
    ..The living biofilm then made the evolutionary transition to a microbial mat...
  15. ncbi Evolution of cell division in bacteria
    J T Trevors
    Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Room 3220, Bovey Building, N1G 2W1, Guelph, Ont, Canada
    Theory Biosci 123:3-15. 2004
    ..At this stage of evolution, they would not have been primitive cells but would have reached a threshold in evolution where cell division occurred in a regulated manner...
  16. ncbi Self-assembly of the first cells in a hydrophobic environment with hydrogen as the energy source
    J T Trevors
    Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, N1G 2W1
    Riv Biol 94:535-41. 2001
    ..The possibility is explored that life first self-assembled in a hydrophobic environment in the subsurface protected from radiation with ubiquitous hydrogen as the likely universal energy source...
  17. doi One gram of soil: a microbial biochemical gene library
    J T Trevors
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, NIG 2W1, Canada
    Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 97:99-106. 2010
    ..In this article, soil as a biochemical gene library, gene expression, and the minimal number of genes for the first bacteria in the environment will be examined...
  18. doi Perspective: time scales in scientific research with an emphasis on microbial cellular and molecular research
    J T Trevors
    School of Environmental Sciences, Edmund Bovey Building, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road, E Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1
    J Microbiol Methods 82:102-7. 2010
    ....
  19. doi Perspective: researching the transition from non-living to the first microorganisms: methods and experiments are major challenges
    J T Trevors
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, 350 Stone Rd, East, Guelph, Ontario NIG2W1, Canada
    J Microbiol Methods 81:259-63. 2010
    ..These perspectives will be discussed in this article as well as the possibility that a pre-biotic film preceded a microbial biofilm as a possible micro-location for the origin of microbial cells capable of growth and division...
  20. doi Suitable microscopic entropy for the origin of microbial life: microbiological methods are challenges
    J T Trevors
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1
    J Microbiol Methods 83:341-4. 2010
    ..Methodology limitations to study postulated past origin of microbial life events and to mimic these events in the laboratory, are still obstacles to understanding the origin of life...
  21. doi DNA technologies: what's next applied to microbiology research?
    J T Trevors
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada
    Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 98:249-62. 2010
    ..What's next with DNA is not always obvious, but history shows the international microbiology research community will readily adopt it...
  22. doi Origin of microbial life hypothesis: a gel cytoplasm lacking a bilayer membrane, with infrared radiation producing exclusion zone (EZ) water, hydrogen as an energy source and thermosynthesis for bioenergetics
    J T Trevors
    Laboratory of Microbiology, School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Rd, East, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1
    Biochimie 94:258-62. 2012
    ..These components will be discussed as to how they are interconnected, and their hypothesized roles in the origin of life...
  23. doi How much cytoplasm can a bacterial genome control?
    J T Trevors
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road, E, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    J Microbiol Methods 84:147-50. 2011
    ..The optimal genome size is one that is relatively constant, but also has some plasticity for evolutionary change (via gene transfer) and mutational events, and can control a range of cytoplasm during the cell cycle...
  24. doi Origin of microbial life: Nano- and molecular events, thermodynamics/entropy, quantum mechanisms and genetic instructions
    J T Trevors
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Rd, East, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1, Canada
    J Microbiol Methods 84:492-5. 2011
    ....
  25. pmc The composition and organization of cytoplasm in prebiotic cells
    Jack T Trevors
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1, Canada E Mail Tel 1 519 824 4120
    Int J Mol Sci 12:1650-9. 2011
    ..1-0.2 μm(3) (possibly less if a nanocell) prior to the first cell division...
  26. doi Viable but non-culturable (VBNC) bacteria: Gene expression in planktonic and biofilm cells
    J T Trevors
    Laboratory of Microbiology, School of Environmental Sciences, Rm 3320 Bovey Building, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Rd, East, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1
    J Microbiol Methods 86:266-73. 2011
    ....
  27. doi Thermodynamic perspectives on genetic instructions, the laws of biology and diseased states
    Jack T Trevors
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, N1G 2W1, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    C R Biol 334:1-5. 2011
    ..However, when the attack is successful, the organism can be damaged until the cell, tissue, organ or entire organism is no longer functional and entropy increases...
  28. ncbi Nucleic acids in the environment
    J T Trevors
    Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Curr Opin Biotechnol 7:331-6. 1996
    ..These advances will have a significant impact on both future research and the way in which we view nucleic acids in the environment...
  29. ncbi Possible origin of a membrane in the subsurface of the Earth
    J T Trevors
    Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Room 3220 Bovey Building, ON, Guelph, Canada N1G 2W1
    Cell Biol Int 27:451-7. 2003
    ..Such an open system could also acquire novel functions, whereas a closed system would be unable to evolve...
  30. ncbi Early assembly of cellular life
    J T Trevors
    Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ont, Canada N1G 2W1
    Prog Biophys Mol Biol 81:201-17. 2003
    ..This may have been widespread in the subsurface of the early Earth located at microscopic physical domains...
  31. ncbi Hypothesis: the origin of life in a hydrogel environment
    Jack T Trevors
    Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Department of Environmental Biology, Ontario Agricultural College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1
    Prog Biophys Mol Biol 89:1-8. 2005
    ..Thus, the gel-like environment may have conferred distinct advantages for the assembly of the first cell(s)...
  32. ncbi Simulated microgravity (SMG) and bacteria
    Carly Huitema
    Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, N1G 2W1
    Riv Biol 95:497-503. 2002
    ..Houston, Texas, USA) to conduct this research. In this note we describe the use of the HARV to examine the effects of randomized microgravity (RMG) on bacterial growth and membrane polarization...
  33. ncbi Genetic material in the early evolution of bacteria
    Jack Thomas Trevors
    Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Department of Environmental Biology University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, NIG 2Wl
    Microbiol Res 158:1-6. 2003
    ..It is also possible that DNA-RNA duplices were intermediate genetic material in the early assembly of the first cells. These ideas will be discussed as well as other aspects of the assembly of the first cells on the Earth...
  34. doi Generalizations about bacteriology: thermodynamic, open systems, genetic instructions, and evolution
    J T Trevors
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 97:313-8. 2010
    ..Some fundamental properties describing bacterial life are also presented...
  35. ncbi Genome size in bacteria
    J T Trevors
    Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 69:293-303. 1996
    ..These aspects and selected information on physically mapping bacterial genomes will be discussed...
  36. ncbi DNA in soil: adsorption, genetic transformation, molecular evolution and genetic microchip
    J T Trevors
    Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 70:1-10. 1996
    ..In addition, a postulated mechanism for stabilization and elongation/assembly of primitive genetic material and the role of soil particles, salt concentrations, temperature cycling and crystal formation is examined...
  37. ncbi The Big Bang, Superstring Theory and the origin of life on the Earth
    J T Trevors
    Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1
    Theory Biosci 124:403-12. 2006
    ..It was the separation of the unified force into four singular forces that allowed the origin of life...
  38. ncbi Evolution of bacterial genomes
    J T Trevors
    Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 71:265-70. 1997
    ..This review examines evolution of bacterial genomes with an emphasis on RNA based life, the transition to functional DNA and small evolving genomes (possible plasmids) that led to larger, functional bacterial genomes...
  39. ncbi Molecular evolution and optimization
    J T Trevors
    Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 72:251-9. 1997
    ..In this review, molecular evolution and molecular optimization are examined with an emphasis on the order in which evolutionary events occurred...
  40. ncbi From self-assembly of life to present-day bacteria: a possible role for nanocells
    J T Trevors
    Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1
    FEMS Microbiol Rev 25:573-82. 2001
    ..This will also be examined from an evolutionary perspective with hydrogen as the postulated universal energy source [Morita, R. (2000) Microb. Ecol. 38, 307-320]...
  41. ncbi The effects of perennial ryegrass and alfalfa on microbial abundance and diversity in petroleum contaminated soil
    Jennifer L Kirk
    Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada
    Environ Pollut 133:455-65. 2005
    ..We concluded that plants altered the microbial population; these changes were plant-specific and could contribute to degradation of petroleum hydrocarbons in contaminated soil...
  42. ncbi Microbial gene expression in soil: methods, applications and challenges
    Saleema Saleh-Lakha
    Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada N1G 2W1
    J Microbiol Methods 63:1-19. 2005
    ..This review will also address information gaps in bacterial gene expression in soil and possible future research to develop an understanding of microbial activities in soil environments...
  43. ncbi The microbial DNA cycle in soil
    Laura S England
    Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, N1G 2W1
    Riv Biol 96:317-26. 2003
    ..In this article we discuss the dual role of DNA as genetic material and as a nutrient source in the soil environment...
  44. ncbi Mineralization of hexachlorocyclohexane in soil during solid-phase bioremediation
    Theresa M Phillips
    Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2 W1 Canada
    J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol 31:216-22. 2004
    ..Thus, although HCH degradation occurs during the application of either oxic or cycled anoxic/oxic DARAMEND treatments, mineralization of gamma-HCH may be inhibited depending on the amendment and treatment protocol...
  45. pmc Mycorrhizal and rhizobial colonization of genetically modified and conventional soybeans
    Jeff R Powell
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Appl Environ Microbiol 73:4365-7. 2007
    ..Mycorrhizal colonization and nodule abundance and mass differed among soybean varieties; however, in no case was variation significantly associated with the genetic modification...
  46. doi Mutational study of the role of N-terminal amino acid residues in tetrachlorohydroquinone reductive dehalogenase from Sphingomonas sp. UG30
    Marc Habash
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada
    Res Microbiol 160:553-9. 2009
    ....
  47. ncbi Biodegradation of hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) by microorganisms
    Theresa M Phillips
    Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, N1G 2W1
    Biodegradation 16:363-92. 2005
    ..More in-depth assessments of amendment effects and evaluation of bioremediation protocols, on a large scale, using soil with high HCH concentrations, are needed...
  48. ncbi Methods of studying soil microbial diversity
    Jennifer L Kirk
    Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Ontario Agricultural College, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    J Microbiol Methods 58:169-88. 2004
    ..Soil microorganisms, such as bacteria and fungi, play central roles in soil fertility and promoting plant health. This review examines and compares the various methods used to study microbial diversity in soil...
  49. pmc Genetic relatedness of Escherichia coli isolates in interstitial water from a Lake Huron (Canada) beach
    Tatiana Kon
    University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada
    Appl Environ Microbiol 73:1961-7. 2007
    ..coli may survive and possibly multiply outside of host organisms. The results are of interest as increasing concentrations of E. coli in recreational waters are often considered to be an indication of recent fecal pollution...
  50. doi Repetitive element (REP)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of Escherichia coli isolates from recreational waters of southeastern Lake Huron
    Tanya Kon
    University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G2W1, Canada
    Can J Microbiol 55:269-76. 2009
    ..coli to the lake. Our findings also suggest that environmentally adapted strains (EAS) of E. coli should be included as one of the potential sources in future microbial source tracking efforts...
  51. ncbi Quantification and persistence of recombinant DNA of Roundup Ready corn and soybean in rotation
    Sylvain Lerat
    Departments of Environmental Biology, Plant Agriculture, and Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1
    J Agric Food Chem 55:10226-31. 2007
    ..This research will aid in the understanding of the persistence of recombinant DNA in agricultural cropping systems...
  52. doi Real-time polymerase chain reaction monitoring of recombinant DNA entry into soil from decomposing roundup ready leaf biomass
    David J Levy-Booth
    Departments of Environmental Biology, Plant Agriculture, Integrative Biology, and Land Resource Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1, Canada
    J Agric Food Chem 56:6339-47. 2008
    ..4 days. All genes from leaves were detected in soil after 30 days. This study provides a methodology for monitoring the entry of RR and NT soybean DNA into soil from decomposing plant residues...
  53. doi Roundup Ready soybean gene concentrations in field soil aggregate size classes
    David J Levy-Booth
    Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 291:175-9. 2009
    ..The >2000 mum fraction contained between 66.62% and 99.18% of total gene copies, although it only accounted for about 30.00% of the sampled soil. Aggregate formation may facilitate persistence of recombinant DNA...
  54. doi Perspective: microfluidic applications in microbiology
    Saleema Saleh-Lakha
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada N1G 2W1
    J Microbiol Methods 82:108-11. 2010
    ..We also summarize advantages and limitations of this technology, as well as highlight some recent microbiological applications...
  55. ncbi Quantitation of transgenic plant DNA in leachate water: real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis
    Robert H Gulden
    Department of Plant Agriculture, Environmental Biology, and Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1
    J Agric Food Chem 53:5858-65. 2005
    ..Half-lives of plant DNA in leachate water ranged from 1.2 to 26.7 h, and persistence was greater at colder temperatures (5 and 15 degrees C)...
  56. ncbi Green fluorescent protein-based biosensor for detecting SOS-inducing activity of genotoxic compounds
    Magdalena Kostrzynska
    Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, N1G 2W1, Guelph, ON, Canada
    J Microbiol Methods 48:43-51. 2002
    ..These results indicate that recA'-gfp mutant 3-based biosensor is potentially useful for detection of genotoxins...
  57. ncbi Influence of temperature on Cryptosporidium parvum oocyst infectivity in river water samples as detected by tissue culture assay
    Nicholas J Pokorny
    Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    J Parasitol 88:641-3. 2002
    ..3 and 2.6 log units, respectively, over 12 wk, and no foci of infection were detected at 14 wk. The results show that as temperature increased from 4 to 23 C, the duration of oocyst infectivity decreased...