C H Tator

Summary

Affiliation: University of Toronto
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Glial precursor cell transplantation therapy for neurotrauma and multiple sclerosis
    Iris Kulbatski
    Krembil Neuroscience Centre, Toronto Western Research Institute, 399 Bathurst Street, McLaughlin Pavilion 12 423, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5T 2S8
    Prog Histochem Cytochem 43:123-76. 2008
  2. doi request reprint Translational potential of preclinical trials of neuroprotection through pharmacotherapy for spinal cord injury
    Charles H Tator
    Division of Neurosurgery and Spinal Program, Toronto Western Hospital and University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Neurosurg Spine 17:157-229. 2012
  3. doi request reprint Recognition and management of spinal cord injuries in sports and recreation
    Charles H Tator
    Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, Suite 4W 433, 399 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5T 2S8, Canada
    Neurol Clin 26:79-88; viii. 2008
  4. doi request reprint Spinal injuries in Canadian ice hockey: an update to 2005
    Charles H Tator
    ThinkFirst Canadian Ice Hockey Spinal Injuries Registry, ThinkFirst Canada, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Clin J Sport Med 19:451-6. 2009
  5. pmc Strategies for recovery and regeneration after brain and spinal cord injury
    C H Tator
    University of Toronto and Toronto Western Hospital, ON Canada M5T 2S8
    Inj Prev 8:IV33-6. 2002
  6. ncbi request reprint Review of treatment trials in human spinal cord injury: issues, difficulties, and recommendations
    Charles H Tator
    Division of Neurosurgery, Toronto Western Hospital, 399 Bathurst Street, Suite 4W 433, Toronto, ON M5T 2S8, Canada
    Neurosurgery 59:957-82; discussion 982-7. 2006
  7. ncbi request reprint Current use and timing of spinal surgery for management of acute spinal surgery for management of acute spinal cord injury in North America: results of a retrospective multicenter study
    C H Tator
    Division of Neurosurgery and Spinal Program, Toronto Western Hospital and University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Neurosurg 91:12-8. 1999
  8. doi request reprint Intrathecal transplantation of stem cells by lumbar puncture for thoracic spinal cord injury in the rat
    A J Mothe
    Toronto Western Research Institute and Krembil Neuroscience Centre, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, 399 Bathurst Street, Ontario, Canada
    Spinal Cord 49:967-73. 2011
  9. ncbi request reprint Transplanted adult spinal cord-derived neural stem/progenitor cells promote early functional recovery after rat spinal cord injury
    A M Parr
    Toronto Western Research Institute, Toronto Western Hospital, 399 Bathurst Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M5T 2S8
    Neuroscience 155:760-70. 2008
  10. pmc An international review of head and spinal cord injuries in alpine skiing and snowboarding
    A Ackery
    ThinkFirst Canada, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Inj Prev 13:368-75. 2007

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications54

  1. ncbi request reprint Glial precursor cell transplantation therapy for neurotrauma and multiple sclerosis
    Iris Kulbatski
    Krembil Neuroscience Centre, Toronto Western Research Institute, 399 Bathurst Street, McLaughlin Pavilion 12 423, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5T 2S8
    Prog Histochem Cytochem 43:123-76. 2008
    ..Overall, such studies improve our understanding and approach to developing clinically relevant therapies for axonal remyelination following traumatic brain injury (TBI) or spinal cord injury (SCI) and demyelinating diseases such as MS...
  2. doi request reprint Translational potential of preclinical trials of neuroprotection through pharmacotherapy for spinal cord injury
    Charles H Tator
    Division of Neurosurgery and Spinal Program, Toronto Western Hospital and University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Neurosurg Spine 17:157-229. 2012
    ..A recommendation is made for the development and validation of a preclinical scoring system involving worldwide experts in preclinical and clinical SCI...
  3. doi request reprint Recognition and management of spinal cord injuries in sports and recreation
    Charles H Tator
    Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, Suite 4W 433, 399 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5T 2S8, Canada
    Neurol Clin 26:79-88; viii. 2008
    ..Adherence to guidelines for return to sport after injury can help to prevent worsening of deficits and the onset of new deficits...
  4. doi request reprint Spinal injuries in Canadian ice hockey: an update to 2005
    Charles H Tator
    ThinkFirst Canadian Ice Hockey Spinal Injuries Registry, ThinkFirst Canada, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Clin J Sport Med 19:451-6. 2009
    ..Measure incidence of spinal injuries in Canadian ice hockey for the 6-year period 2000-2005 and examine trends from 1943 to 2005...
  5. pmc Strategies for recovery and regeneration after brain and spinal cord injury
    C H Tator
    University of Toronto and Toronto Western Hospital, ON Canada M5T 2S8
    Inj Prev 8:IV33-6. 2002
    ..Brief overviews of the epidemiology and pathophysiology of neurotrauma are presented, and the key experimental and clinical treatments for the promotion of recovery and regeneration after brain and spinal cord trauma are discussed...
  6. ncbi request reprint Review of treatment trials in human spinal cord injury: issues, difficulties, and recommendations
    Charles H Tator
    Division of Neurosurgery, Toronto Western Hospital, 399 Bathurst Street, Suite 4W 433, Toronto, ON M5T 2S8, Canada
    Neurosurgery 59:957-82; discussion 982-7. 2006
    ..The review aims to provide useful information for the improvement of future trials. The review audience includes practitioners, researchers, and consumers...
  7. ncbi request reprint Current use and timing of spinal surgery for management of acute spinal surgery for management of acute spinal cord injury in North America: results of a retrospective multicenter study
    C H Tator
    Division of Neurosurgery and Spinal Program, Toronto Western Hospital and University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Neurosurg 91:12-8. 1999
    ..The study was performed to obtain information required for the planning of a randomized controlled trial in which early and late decompressive surgery are compared...
  8. doi request reprint Intrathecal transplantation of stem cells by lumbar puncture for thoracic spinal cord injury in the rat
    A J Mothe
    Toronto Western Research Institute and Krembil Neuroscience Centre, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, 399 Bathurst Street, Ontario, Canada
    Spinal Cord 49:967-73. 2011
    ..Experimental investigation of intrathecal transplantation of stem cells by lumbar puncture (LP) in a rat model that simulates human thoracic spinal cord injury (SCI)...
  9. ncbi request reprint Transplanted adult spinal cord-derived neural stem/progenitor cells promote early functional recovery after rat spinal cord injury
    A M Parr
    Toronto Western Research Institute, Toronto Western Hospital, 399 Bathurst Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M5T 2S8
    Neuroscience 155:760-70. 2008
    ....
  10. pmc An international review of head and spinal cord injuries in alpine skiing and snowboarding
    A Ackery
    ThinkFirst Canada, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Inj Prev 13:368-75. 2007
    ..Furthermore, there are severe limitations to therapeutic interventions to restore neurological function after TBI and SCI, and thus the emphasis must be on prevention...
  11. ncbi request reprint Calcium influx is necessary for optimal regrowth of transected neurites of rat sympathetic ganglion neurons in vitro
    G K Chu
    Playfair Neuroscience Unit, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, M5T 2S8, Canada
    Neuroscience 102:945-57. 2001
    ..1) Calcium is necessary for the initiation of regeneration. (2) Calcium entry at the cell body is necessary for optimal initiation of neurite regrowth. (3) Intracellular calcium is necessary for the branching of regrowing neurites...
  12. ncbi request reprint An evidence-based review of decompressive surgery in acute spinal cord injury: rationale, indications, and timing based on experimental and clinical studies
    M G Fehlings
    Division of Neurosurgery and Spinal Program, Toronto Hospital and University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Neurosurg 91:1-11. 1999
    ..The authors conducted an evidence-based review of the literature to evaluate critically the rationale and indications for and the timing of decompressive surgery for the treatment of acute, nonpenetrating spinal cord injury (SCI)...
  13. ncbi request reprint Spinal injuries in Canadian ice hockey: documentation of injuries sustained from 1943-1999
    C H Tator
    ThinkFirst SportSmart Sports and Recreational Injuries Research and Prevention Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Can J Neurol Sci 31:460-6. 2004
    ....
  14. pmc Evaluation of the ThinkFirst Canada, Smart Hockey, brain and spinal cord injury prevention video
    D J Cook
    Injury Prevention Research Office, St Michael s Hospital, Division of Neurosurgery, Toronto, Canada
    Inj Prev 9:361-6. 2003
    ..This study evaluates knowledge transfer and behavioural outcomes in 11-12 year old hockey players who viewed the video...
  15. ncbi request reprint The optimal radiologic method for assessing spinal canal compromise and cord compression in patients with cervical spinal cord injury. Part II: Results of a multicenter study
    M G Fehlings
    Division of Neurosurgery, University of Toronto, Toronto Hospital Western Division
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 24:605-13. 1999
    ..A multicenter, retrospective study using computed tomographic and magnetic resonance imaging data to establish quantitative, reliable criteria of canal compromise and cord compression in patients with cervical spinal cord injury...
  16. ncbi request reprint Endogenous and exogenous CNS derived stem/progenitor cell approaches for neurotrauma
    I Kulbatski
    Toronto Western Hospital, 399 Bathurst Street McLaughlin Pavilion 12 423, Toronto, Ontario, M5T 2S8, Canada
    Curr Drug Targets 6:111-26. 2005
    ..These issues have been systematically addressed in many animal models, that has improved our understanding and approach to clinical therapeutic paradigms...
  17. doi request reprint A prospective study of physician-observed concussions during junior ice hockey: implications for incidence rates
    Paul Sean Echlin
    AIM Health Group Family Medicine, London, Ontario, Canada
    Neurosurg Focus 29:E4. 2010
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint Concussion incidence and time lost from play in the NHL during the past ten years
    Richard A Wennberg
    Division of Neurology, Krembil Neuroscience Centre, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Can J Neurol Sci 35:647-51. 2008
    ..To evaluate the current state of this injury in the National Hockey League (NHL), we analyzed the concussion incidence and time lost from play due to concussions during the past ten NHL seasons...
  19. ncbi request reprint Death of rat sympathetic ganglion cells in vitro caused by neurite transection: effect of extracellular calcium
    G K Chu
    Toronto Western Research Institute, Division of Neurosurgery, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Neurotrauma 18:699-710. 2001
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells for the repair of central nervous system injury
    A M Parr
    Department of Surgery, University Health Network and Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Bone Marrow Transplant 40:609-19. 2007
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint A novel method for simultaneous anterograde and retrograde labeling of spinal cord motor tracts in the same animal
    E C Tsai
    Toronto Western Hospital Research Institute and University of Toronto, 399 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Histochem Cytochem 49:1111-22. 2001
    ..J Histochem Cytochem 49:1111-1122, 2001)..
  22. ncbi request reprint Proliferation, migration, and differentiation of endogenous ependymal region stem/progenitor cells following minimal spinal cord injury in the adult rat
    A J Mothe
    Toronto Western Research Institute and Krembil Neuroscience Centre, McL 12 423, 399 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5T 2S8
    Neuroscience 131:177-87. 2005
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint National Hockey League reported concussions, 1986-87 to 2001-02
    R A Wennberg
    Division of Neurology, University Health Network, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Can J Neurol Sci 30:206-9. 2003
    ..To examine the longitudinal media reported rate of concussions in the National Hockey League (NHL) over the period 1986-87 to 2001-02...
  24. doi request reprint Conversion to symptomatic Chiari I malformation after minor head or neck trauma
    Michael J Wan
    Toronto Western Research Institute, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    Neurosurgery 63:748-53; discussion 753. 2008
    ..The purpose of this systematic chart review was to determine the incidence and validity of minor head or neck trauma as precipitating factors for the onset of symptomatic Chiari I malformation...
  25. ncbi request reprint Clip compression model is useful for thoracic spinal cord injuries: histologic and functional correlates
    Peter C Poon
    Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 32:2853-9. 2007
    ..Experimental investigation of an acute thoracic spinal cord injury model in rats involving acute clip compression that simulates human injury...
  26. doi request reprint A prospective study of concussion education in 2 junior ice hockey teams: implications for sports concussion education
    Paul Sean Echlin
    AIM Health Group Family Medicine, London, Ontario, Canada
    Neurosurg Focus 29:E6. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational intervention on concussion knowledge within a sample of junior fourth-tier ice hockey players...
  27. doi request reprint Return to play after an initial or recurrent concussion in a prospective study of physician-observed junior ice hockey concussions: implications for return to play after a concussion
    Paul Sean Echlin
    AIM Health Group Family Medicine, London, Ontario, Canada
    Neurosurg Focus 29:E5. 2010
    ..The authors investigated return-to-play duration for initial and recurrent concussion in the same season in 2 teams of junior (16-21-year-old) ice hockey players during a regular season...
  28. doi request reprint Endogenous radial glial cells support regenerating axons after spinal cord transection
    Hiroshi Nomura
    Toronto Western Research Institute, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Neuroreport 21:871-6. 2010
    ..We suggest that radial glial cells can guide regenerating axons across the bridge in the channel after spinal cord transection...
  29. doi request reprint Design of protein-releasing chitosan channels
    Howard Kim
    Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Biotechnol Prog 24:932-7. 2008
    ..This was achieved as demonstrated by release and bioactivity data where alkaline phosphatase released from chitosan/microsphere channels followed a profile and bioactivity similar to those of free floating microspheres...
  30. doi request reprint Extramedullary chitosan channels promote survival of transplanted neural stem and progenitor cells and create a tissue bridge after complete spinal cord transection
    Hiroshi Nomura
    Toronto Western Research Institute, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Tissue Eng Part A 14:649-65. 2008
    ..Thus, implantation of chitosan channels seeded with NSPCs after SCT created a tissue bridge containing many surviving transplanted cells and host axons, although there was no functional improvement...
  31. doi request reprint Poly(ethylene glycol) modification enhances penetration of fibroblast growth factor 2 to injured spinal cord tissue from an intrathecal delivery system
    Catherine E Kang
    Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, University of Toronto, 200 College Street, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Control Release 144:25-31. 2010
    ..Our results suggest that PEGylation of FGF2 enhanced tissue penetration by reducing its rate of elimination...
  32. doi request reprint Does the apolipoprotein epsilon 4 allele predispose varsity athletes to concussion? A prospective cohort study
    Vicki L Kristman
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Clin J Sport Med 18:322-8. 2008
    ..To determine the association between the apolipoprotein epsilon 4 allele and concussion. We hypothesized that apolipoprotein epsilon 4 carriers may be more likely to sustain a concussion...
  33. ncbi request reprint Delayed implantation of intramedullary chitosan channels containing nerve grafts promotes extensive axonal regeneration after spinal cord injury
    Hiroshi Nomura
    Toronto Western Research Institute, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    Neurosurgery 63:127-41; discussion 141-3. 2008
    ..We describe a new strategy to promote axonal regeneration after subacute or chronic spinal cord injury consisting of intramedullary implantation of chitosan guidance channels containing peripheral nerve (PN) grafts...
  34. doi request reprint A new paradigm for local and sustained release of therapeutic molecules to the injured spinal cord for neuroprotection and tissue repair
    Catherine E Kang
    Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Tissue Eng Part A 15:595-604. 2009
    ..This new system of IT delivery holds great promise for the safe, efficacious, and local delivery of therapeutic molecules directly to the spinal cord...
  35. ncbi request reprint Concussion in hockey: compliance with return to play advice and follow-up status
    Alun Ackery
    ThinkFirst Canada, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Can J Neurol Sci 36:207-12. 2009
    ..To assess compliance of hockey players with return to play advice and to assess the incidence of long-term post-concussion symptoms...
  36. ncbi request reprint Fate of transplanted adult neural stem/progenitor cells and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells in the injured adult rat spinal cord and impact on functional recovery
    Ann M Parr
    Toronto Western Research Institute, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Canada M5T 2S8
    Surg Neurol 70:600-7; discussion 607. 2008
    ..It has also been suggested that BMSCs provide an environment conducive to regeneration in the injured cord...
  37. ncbi request reprint Corticospinal regeneration into lumbar grey matter correlates with locomotor recovery after complete spinal cord transection and repair with peripheral nerve grafts, fibroblast growth factor 1, fibrin glue, and spinal fusion
    Eve C Tsai
    Toronto Western Hospital Research Institute and Krembil Neuroscience Center ECT, University of Toronto, Toronto Western Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 64:230-44. 2005
    ..977, p < 0.02). For the first time, we show that regeneration of the corticospinal tract into the lumbar gray matter is a mechanism of functional locomotor recovery after complete cord transection and repair...
  38. ncbi request reprint Neuroprotection and regeneration strategies for spinal cord repair
    Eve C Tsai
    The Canadian Paraplegic Association Spinal Cord Injury Research Laboratory, Krembil Neuroscience Center, Toronto Western Hospital and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Curr Pharm Des 11:1211-22. 2005
    ..It is our hope that improved understanding of the mechanisms underlying functional recovery will lead to successful therapeutic strategies in humans...
  39. ncbi request reprint Intrathecal administration of epidermal growth factor and fibroblast growth factor 2 promotes ependymal proliferation and functional recovery after spinal cord injury in adult rats
    Atsuhiro Kojima
    Division of Neurosurgery, University of Toronto and Toronto Western Institute, Ontario, Canada
    J Neurotrauma 19:223-38. 2002
    ..The exact mechanism for improved functional recovery after EGF plus FGF2 is not known...
  40. ncbi request reprint Matrix inclusion within synthetic hydrogel guidance channels improves specific supraspinal and local axonal regeneration after complete spinal cord transection
    Eve C Tsai
    Toronto Western Hospital Research Institute and Krembil Neuroscience Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5T 2S8
    Biomaterials 27:519-33. 2006
    ..Determining the optimum matrices and growth factors for insertion into these guidance channels will improve regeneration of the injured spinal cord...
  41. ncbi request reprint Fast-gelling injectable blend of hyaluronan and methylcellulose for intrathecal, localized delivery to the injured spinal cord
    Dimpy Gupta
    Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, University of Toronto, 200 College Street, Toronto, Ont, Canada
    Biomaterials 27:2370-9. 2006
    ..These data suggest that HAMC is a promising gel for localized delivery of therapeutic agents to the injured spinal cord...
  42. ncbi request reprint Bioengineered strategies for spinal cord repair
    Hiroshi Nomura
    Toronto Western Research Institute, Toronto Western Hospital and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Neurotrauma 23:496-507. 2006
    ....
  43. ncbi request reprint Complete spinal cord transection treated by implantation of a reinforced synthetic hydrogel channel results in syringomyelia and caudal migration of the rostral stump
    Hiroshi Nomura
    Toronto Western Research Institute, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    Neurosurgery 59:183-92; discussion 183-92. 2006
    ..We also assessed axonal regeneration within the new channels containing a cocktail of autologous peripheral nerve grafts, fibrin matrix, and acidic fibroblast growth factor...
  44. ncbi request reprint Transplantation of adult rat spinal cord stem/progenitor cells for spinal cord injury
    Ann M Parr
    Division of Neurosurgery, University of Toronto and Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Neurotrauma 24:835-45. 2007
    ....
  45. ncbi request reprint Novel intrathecal delivery system for treatment of spinal cord injury
    Maria C Jimenez Hamann
    Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Exp Neurol 182:300-9. 2003
    ..Functional behavior was similar in the collagen and aCSF groups, also indicating that the DDS was safe. This minimally invasive DDS may provide an alternative, safe method to deliver therapeutic agents intrathecally...
  46. ncbi request reprint Intrathecal drug delivery strategy is safe and efficacious for localized delivery to the spinal cord
    Molly S Shoichet
    Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, University of Toronto, Donnelly Center for Cellular and Biomolecular Research, Toronto, ON, M5S 3E1, Canada
    Prog Brain Res 161:385-92. 2007
    ....
  47. ncbi request reprint Retrograde axonal degeneration "dieback" in the corticospinal tract after transection injury of the rat spinal cord: a confocal microscopy study
    Gamal I Seif
    Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    J Neurotrauma 24:1513-28. 2007
    ..5 mm from the site of injury. However, at 8 and 16 weeks after injury, some terminal bulbs were more than 10 and 19 mm, respectively, from the site of injury...
  48. ncbi request reprint Synthetic hydrogel guidance channels facilitate regeneration of adult rat brainstem motor axons after complete spinal cord transection
    Eve C Tsai
    Toronto Western Hospital Research Institute and Krembil Neuroscience Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto Western Research Institute, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Neurotrauma 21:789-804. 2004
    ..The present study is the first to show that axons from brainstem motor nuclei regenerated in unfilled synthetic hydrogel guidance channels after complete spinal cord transection...
  49. ncbi request reprint Phase 1 trial of oscillating field stimulation for complete spinal cord injury in humans
    Charles H Tator
    J Neurosurg Spine 2:1; discussion 1-2. 2005
  50. ncbi request reprint Growth factor enhancement of peripheral nerve regeneration through a novel synthetic hydrogel tube
    Rajiv Midha
    Division of Neurosurgery and Neuroscience Research Program, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Neurosurg 99:555-65. 2003
    ..They report the in vitro processing and in vivo application of synthetic hydrogel tubes that are filled with collagen gel impregnated with growth factors...
  51. ncbi request reprint Calcium entry through L-type calcium channels is essential for neurite regeneration in cultured sympathetic neurons
    Iris Kulbatski
    Toronto Western Research Institute, University of Toronto, and Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Neurotrauma 21:357-74. 2004
    ..We also demonstrated that regeneration can be enhanced by increasing Ca2+ influx through L-type channels...
  52. ncbi request reprint Injectable intrathecal delivery system for localized administration of EGF and FGF-2 to the injured rat spinal cord
    Maria C Jimenez Hamann
    Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, University of Toronto, 200 College Street, Toronto ON, Canada M5S 3E5
    Exp Neurol 194:106-19. 2005
    ..These results demonstrate that the injectable DDS provides a new paradigm for localized delivery of bioactive therapeutic agents to the injured spinal cord...
  53. ncbi request reprint Transplanted neural stem/progenitor cells generate myelinating oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells in spinal cord demyelination and dysmyelination
    Andrea J Mothe
    Division of Genetics and Development, Toronto Western Research Institute, Krembil Neuroscience Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada M5T 2S8
    Exp Neurol 213:176-90. 2008
    ....