D Smilek

Summary

Affiliation: University of Waterloo
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Grapheme frequency and color luminance in grapheme-color synaesthesia
    Daniel Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Psychol Sci 18:793-5. 2007
  2. doi request reprint The eyes fixate the optimal viewing position of task-irrelevant words
    Daniel Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Psychon Bull Rev 16:57-61. 2009
  3. ncbi request reprint What influences visual search efficiency? Disentangling contributions of preattentive and postattentive processes
    Daniel Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Percept Psychophys 69:1105-16. 2007
  4. ncbi request reprint Ovals of time: time-space associations in synaesthesia
    Daniel Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Conscious Cogn 16:507-19. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Metacognition and change detection: do lab and life really converge?
    Daniel Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ont, Canada N2L 3G1
    Conscious Cogn 17:1056-61. 2008
  6. ncbi request reprint Synaesthesia: discordant male monozygotic twins
    Daniel Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Neurocase 11:363-70. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint Synaesthesia: a case study of discordant monozygotic twins
    D Smilek
    Department of Psychology, Department of Biology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Neurocase 8:338-42. 2002
  8. doi request reprint Hiding and finding: the relationship between visual concealment and visual search
    Daniel Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
    Atten Percept Psychophys 71:1793-806. 2009
  9. doi request reprint Failures of sustained attention in life, lab, and brain: ecological validity of the SART
    Daniel Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Neuropsychologia 48:2564-70. 2010
  10. ncbi request reprint When "3" is a jerk and "E" is a king: personifying inanimate objects in synesthesia
    Daniel Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:981-92. 2007

Detail Information

Publications44

  1. ncbi request reprint Grapheme frequency and color luminance in grapheme-color synaesthesia
    Daniel Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Psychol Sci 18:793-5. 2007
  2. doi request reprint The eyes fixate the optimal viewing position of task-irrelevant words
    Daniel Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Psychon Bull Rev 16:57-61. 2009
    ..These results suggest that the eyes tend to fixate the OVP of words even when those words are task irrelevant...
  3. ncbi request reprint What influences visual search efficiency? Disentangling contributions of preattentive and postattentive processes
    Daniel Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Percept Psychophys 69:1105-16. 2007
    ..Furthermore, application of the new restricting viewing method to search for emotionally expressive faces suggested that emotional information is processed preattentively and influences the allocation of focal attention...
  4. ncbi request reprint Ovals of time: time-space associations in synaesthesia
    Daniel Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Conscious Cogn 16:507-19. 2007
    ..For some synaesthetes, this directing of spatial attention was quite rapid-in accord with their reports that month names involuntarily bring to mind spatial locations...
  5. ncbi request reprint Metacognition and change detection: do lab and life really converge?
    Daniel Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ont, Canada N2L 3G1
    Conscious Cogn 17:1056-61. 2008
    ..We also discuss how this dialogue illustrates the need for psychological studies to be grounded in measurements taken from real world situations rather than laboratory experiments or questionnaires...
  6. ncbi request reprint Synaesthesia: discordant male monozygotic twins
    Daniel Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Neurocase 11:363-70. 2005
    ..In general, the findings raise serious questions regarding whether it is possible at this time to establish the genetic contribution to synaesthesia...
  7. ncbi request reprint Synaesthesia: a case study of discordant monozygotic twins
    D Smilek
    Department of Psychology, Department of Biology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Neurocase 8:338-42. 2002
    ..We suggest that the discordance in synaesthesia may be due to either an epigenetic event, X chromosome inactivation, or a mutation of a synaesthesia gene...
  8. doi request reprint Hiding and finding: the relationship between visual concealment and visual search
    Daniel Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
    Atten Percept Psychophys 71:1793-806. 2009
    ....
  9. doi request reprint Failures of sustained attention in life, lab, and brain: ecological validity of the SART
    Daniel Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Neuropsychologia 48:2564-70. 2010
    ..To remedy this limitation, we report on associations between the SART and a specific Attention-Related Cognitive Errors Scale (ARCES) and a Mindful Awareness of Attention Scale-Lapses Only (MAAS-LO)...
  10. ncbi request reprint When "3" is a jerk and "E" is a king: personifying inanimate objects in synesthesia
    Daniel Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:981-92. 2007
    ..Finally, we propose a neural model of normal personification and the unusual personifications that accompany object-personality synesthesia...
  11. doi request reprint A different outlook on time: visual and auditory month names elicit different mental vantage points for a time-space synaesthete
    Michelle Jarick
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Cortex 45:1217-28. 2009
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Differential attentional guidance by unattended faces expressing positive and negative emotion
    J D Eastwood
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Percept Psychophys 63:1004-13. 2001
    ..The results suggest that the emotional expression in a face can be perceived outside the focus of attention and can guide focal attention to the location of the face...
  13. ncbi request reprint Synaesthetic photisms influence visual perception
    D Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    J Cogn Neurosci 13:930-6. 2001
    ..These results suggest that C's colored photisms influence her perception of black digits. We propose a model in which color information influences the perception of digits through reentrant pathways in the visual system...
  14. ncbi request reprint Visual search is postponed during the attentional blink until the system is suitably reconfigured
    S M Shahab Ghorashi
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 33:124-36. 2007
    ..If the initial configuration is inappropriate, processing of the 2nd target is held in abeyance until the system has been suitably reconfigured...
  15. ncbi request reprint Does unattended information facilitate change detection?
    D Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 26:480-7. 2000
    ..These results indicate that unattended changes play a functional role in guiding focal attention...
  16. doi request reprint The ups and downs (and lefts and rights) of synaesthetic number forms: validation from spatial cueing and SNARC-type tasks
    Michelle Jarick
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Cortex 45:1190-9. 2009
    ..In sum, cueing and SNARC tasks can be used to empirically verify synaesthetic number forms, and show that numbers can direct spatial attention to these idiosyncratic locations...
  17. ncbi request reprint Perception without awareness: perspectives from cognitive psychology
    P M Merikle
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Waterloo, Canada
    Cognition 79:115-34. 2001
    ..The available evidence suggests that information perceived without awareness both biases what stimuli are perceived with awareness and influences how stimuli perceived with awareness are consciously experienced...
  18. ncbi request reprint Functional consequences of perceiving facial expressions of emotion without awareness
    John D Eastwood
    Department of Psychology, York University, Ont, Canada
    Conscious Cogn 14:565-84. 2005
    ..Further, we suggest that methodologies that do not examine cognitive processes as they occur in more natural settings may result in fundamental misunderstandings of human cognition...
  19. ncbi request reprint Absent-mindedness: Lapses of conscious awareness and everyday cognitive failures
    James Allan Cheyne
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Canada
    Conscious Cogn 15:578-92. 2006
    ....
  20. doi request reprint Emotional valence and arousal interact in attentional control
    Lisa N Jefferies
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Psychol Sci 19:290-5. 2008
    ..We discuss implications of this valence-arousal interaction for the control of visual attention...
  21. ncbi request reprint Collaboration during visual search
    Kelly A Malcolmson
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Psychon Bull Rev 14:704-9. 2007
    ..This pattern was observed even when the presence of another individual was matched across pairs. The results are discussed in the context of task-sharing, social loafing and current theories of visual search...
  22. ncbi request reprint Caricature and contrast in the Upper Palaeolithic: morphometric evidence from cave art
    James Allan Cheyne
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue, Waterloo, Ontario N2T 3G1, Canada
    Perception 38:100-8. 2009
    ..Our analysis provides evidence that the first apparent conventions of representational art by humans were informed by basic cognitive-perceptual principles of categorisation...
  23. doi request reprint Item-specific location memory in visual search
    Grayden J F Solman
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 3G1
    Vision Res 50:2430-8. 2010
    ..We suggest a tradeoff between memory and perception in search as a function of the physical scale of the search space...
  24. doi request reprint Grapheme-color synesthesia influences overt visual attention
    Jonathan S A Carriere
    University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    J Cogn Neurosci 21:246-58. 2009
    ..The results are discussed in terms of their implications for perception in synesthesia...
  25. doi request reprint Absent minds and absent agents: attention-lapse induced alienation of agency
    James Allan Cheyne
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Conscious Cogn 18:481-93. 2009
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Everyday attention lapses and memory failures: the affective consequences of mindlessness
    Jonathan S A Carriere
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ont, Canada N2L 3G1
    Conscious Cogn 17:835-47. 2008
    ..A lack of conscious awareness of one's actions, signaled by the propensity to experience brief lapses of attention and related memory failures, is thus seen as having significant consequences in terms of long-term affective well-being...
  27. ncbi request reprint Concept driven color experiences in digit-color synesthesia
    Daniel Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Brain Cogn 48:570-3. 2002
    ....
  28. ncbi request reprint Synaesthetic photisms guide attention
    Daniel Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ont, N2L 3G1, Waterloo, Canada
    Brain Cogn 53:364-7. 2003
    ..These findings suggest that synaesthetic colour experiences influence the efficiency of visual search by guiding or attracting attention...
  29. ncbi request reprint Synesthetic color experiences influence memory
    Daniel Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Psychol Sci 13:548-52. 2002
    ..These findings both demonstrate C's extraordinary memory and show that her synesthetic photisms can influence her memory for digits...
  30. ncbi request reprint Not all synaesthetes are created equal: projector versus associator synaesthetes
    Mike J Dixon
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1 Canada
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 4:335-43. 2004
    ..Converging evidence from first-person reports and third-person objective measures of Stroop interference establish the projector/ associator distinction as an important individual difference in grapheme-color synaesthesia...
  31. ncbi request reprint Revisiting the category effect: the influence of meaning and search strategy on the efficiency of visual search
    Daniel Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada
    Brain Res 1080:73-90. 2006
    ..The results showed that the categorical relationship between targets and distractors influences the efficiency of visual search when participants adopt a passive search strategy but not when participants adopt an active search strategy...
  32. ncbi request reprint The role of meaning in grapheme-colour synaesthesia
    Mike J Dixon
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Cortex 42:243-52. 2006
    ..This finding suggests that it is not the form but the meaning of graphemes (whether they are interpreted as digits or letters) that determines the colours of synaesthetic photisms...
  33. ncbi request reprint Cognitive Ethology and exploring attention in real-world scenes
    Daniel Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada
    Brain Res 1080:101-19. 2006
    ..This new approach, which we call Cognitive Ethology, focuses on understanding how attention operates in everyday situations and what people know and believe about attention...
  34. ncbi request reprint Seeing double: the role of meaning in alphanumeric-colour synaesthesia
    Kathleen M Myles
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada
    Brain Cogn 53:342-5. 2003
    ..PD's pattern of response times indicated that identical graphemes could induce differently coloured photisms depending on their interpretation. This suggests that the meaning of graphemes ultimately determines their synaesthetic colour...
  35. ncbi request reprint Visual search is not blind to emotion
    Cory Gerritsen
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Percept Psychophys 70:1047-59. 2008
    ..However, meta-analytic results indicate that emotional valence makes a relatively small contribution to search efficiency in the present search context...
  36. ncbi request reprint The importance of individual differences in grapheme-color synesthesia
    Mike J Dixon
    Synaesthesia Research Centre, Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada
    Neuron 45:821-3. 2005
    ..Such individual differences have important ramifications for synesthesia research. If individual differences are ignored, then synesthesia research will be characterized by erroneous conclusions and failures to replicate...
  37. doi request reprint Anatomy of an error: a bidirectional state model of task engagement/disengagement and attention-related errors
    J Allan Cheyne
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L3G1, Canada
    Cognition 111:98-113. 2009
    ..The bidirectional effects suggest that errors constitute important occasions for reactive mind-wandering. The model also enables concrete phenomenological, behavioral, and physiological predictions for future research...
  38. ncbi request reprint Negative facial expression captures attention and disrupts performance
    John D Eastwood
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Percept Psychophys 65:352-8. 2003
    ..We suggest that, relative to neutral and positive faces, negative faces are particularly effective at capturing attention to the global face level and thereby make it difficult to count the local features of faces...
  39. doi request reprint To group or not to group: an ecological consideration of the stroop effect
    Michael Reynolds
    Department of Psychology, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada
    Exp Psychol 57:275-91. 2010
    ....
  40. ncbi request reprint Colored photisms prevent object-substitution masking in digit-color synesthesia
    B M Wagar
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Brain Cogn 48:606-11. 2002
    ..Thus, the present study clearly showed that C's photisms influence her ability to detect digits...
  41. ncbi request reprint Metacognitive errors in change detection: missing the gap between lab and life
    Daniel Smilek
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 3G1
    Conscious Cogn 16:52-7; discussion 58-62. 2007
    ..We suggest several reasons why change detection findings like Beck et al.'s do not generalize to real world situations. More broadly, we suggest a possible way to bridge the gap between lab and life...
  42. ncbi request reprint System reconfiguration, not resource depletion, determines the efficiency of visual search
    Vincent Di Lollo
    Department of Psychology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada
    Percept Psychophys 67:1080-7. 2005
    ..These results are consistent with system reconfiguration, but not with resource depletion, models and point to a dynamic, rather than a static, architecture of the visual system...
  43. ncbi request reprint Cognitive Ethology: a new approach for studying human cognition
    Alan Kingstone
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, British Columbia, Canada
    Br J Psychol 99:317-40. 2008
    ..We discuss how Cognitive Ethology can complement lab-based investigations, and we show how its levels of description and explanation are distinct from what is typically employed in lab-based research...
  44. doi request reprint Visual search for faces with emotional expressions
    Alexandra Frischen
    Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia
    Psychol Bull 134:662-76. 2008
    ..Methodological considerations (e.g., set size, distractor background, task set) and ecological limitations of the visual search task are discussed. Finally, specific recommendations are made for future research directions...