J Polivy

Summary

Affiliation: University of Toronto
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Caloric restriction in the presence of attractive food cues: external cues, eating, and weight
    Janet Polivy
    University of Toronto, Canada
    Physiol Behav 94:729-33. 2008
  2. ncbi request reprint If at first you don't succeed. False hopes of self-change
    Janet Polivy
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, 3359 Mississauga Road, Mississauga, Ontario L5L 1C6, Canada
    Am Psychol 57:677-89. 2002
  3. ncbi request reprint The effect of deprivation on food cravings and eating behavior in restrained and unrestrained eaters
    Janet Polivy
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Int J Eat Disord 38:301-9. 2005
  4. ncbi request reprint Causes of eating disorders
    Janet Polivy
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Erindale Campus, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
    Annu Rev Psychol 53:187-213. 2002
  5. ncbi request reprint The false hope syndrome: unrealistic expectations of self-change
    J Polivy
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Erindale Campus, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada L5L 1C6
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:S80-4. 2001
  6. ncbi request reprint The effects of resolving to diet on restrained and unrestrained eaters: the "false hope syndrome"
    J Polivy
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Int J Eat Disord 26:434-47. 1999
  7. ncbi request reprint Distress and eating: why do dieters overeat?
    J Polivy
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Eat Disord 26:153-64. 1999
  8. doi request reprint Getting a bigger slice of the pie. Effects on eating and emotion in restrained and unrestrained eaters
    Janet Polivy
    University of Toronto, Canada
    Appetite 55:426-30. 2010
  9. ncbi request reprint Effects of false weight feedback on mood, self-evaluation, and food intake in restrained and unrestrained eaters
    T McFarlane
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Abnorm Psychol 107:312-8. 1998
  10. doi request reprint Effects of food-cue exposure on dieting-related goals: a limitation to counteractive-control theory
    Jennifer S Coelho
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto at Mississauga, 3359 Mississauga Road, Mississauga, Ontario L5L 1C6, Canada
    Appetite 51:347-9. 2008

Detail Information

Publications44

  1. doi request reprint Caloric restriction in the presence of attractive food cues: external cues, eating, and weight
    Janet Polivy
    University of Toronto, Canada
    Physiol Behav 94:729-33. 2008
    ..Research on the influence of food cues on food-related behaviors is reviewed to demonstrate that the presence of food cues makes restriction of intake more difficult...
  2. ncbi request reprint If at first you don't succeed. False hopes of self-change
    Janet Polivy
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, 3359 Mississauga Road, Mississauga, Ontario L5L 1C6, Canada
    Am Psychol 57:677-89. 2002
    ..Finally, the authors discuss the psychological consequences of repeated failure and analyze the distinction between confidence and overconfidence...
  3. ncbi request reprint The effect of deprivation on food cravings and eating behavior in restrained and unrestrained eaters
    Janet Polivy
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Int J Eat Disord 38:301-9. 2005
    ..The relation between being deprived of a food and intake and craving for that food was investigated in restrained and unrestrained eaters...
  4. ncbi request reprint Causes of eating disorders
    Janet Polivy
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Erindale Campus, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
    Annu Rev Psychol 53:187-213. 2002
    ..Some contributory factors appear to be necessary for the appearance of eating disorders, but none is sufficient. Eating disorders may represent a way of coping with problems of identity and personal control...
  5. ncbi request reprint The false hope syndrome: unrealistic expectations of self-change
    J Polivy
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Erindale Campus, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada L5L 1C6
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:S80-4. 2001
    ..It is thus important to learn to distinguish between potentially feasible and impossible self-change goals in order to avoid overconfidence and false hopes leading to eventual failure and distress...
  6. ncbi request reprint The effects of resolving to diet on restrained and unrestrained eaters: the "false hope syndrome"
    J Polivy
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Int J Eat Disord 26:434-47. 1999
    ..We propose that self-change efforts capitalize on a "false hope syndrome," in which the initial commitment to change brings immediate rewards (largely improvements in self-image), regardless of the eventual outcome...
  7. ncbi request reprint Distress and eating: why do dieters overeat?
    J Polivy
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Eat Disord 26:153-64. 1999
    ..In addition, comfort, learned helplessness, and distraction explanations were investigated...
  8. doi request reprint Getting a bigger slice of the pie. Effects on eating and emotion in restrained and unrestrained eaters
    Janet Polivy
    University of Toronto, Canada
    Appetite 55:426-30. 2010
    ..Emotion data suggest that the differential responses of restrained and unrestrained eaters to the belief that they have overeaten relative to another eater influenced their subsequent dissimilar ad lib eating behavior...
  9. ncbi request reprint Effects of false weight feedback on mood, self-evaluation, and food intake in restrained and unrestrained eaters
    T McFarlane
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Abnorm Psychol 107:312-8. 1998
    ..Implications for patients with eating disorders are discussed...
  10. doi request reprint Effects of food-cue exposure on dieting-related goals: a limitation to counteractive-control theory
    Jennifer S Coelho
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto at Mississauga, 3359 Mississauga Road, Mississauga, Ontario L5L 1C6, Canada
    Appetite 51:347-9. 2008
    ..The results demonstrate that exposure to temptations may differentially affect self-control processes depending on an individuals' level of dietary restraint...
  11. doi request reprint Wake up and smell the cookies. Effects of olfactory food-cue exposure in restrained and unrestrained eaters
    Jennifer S Coelho
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto at Mississauga, 3359 Mississauga Rd, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada L5L 1C6
    Appetite 52:517-20. 2009
    ..The results indicated that food-cue-exposed restrained eaters ate less than did non-exposed restrained eaters. The possible role of incidental food-cue exposure as a means for inhibiting intake in restrained eaters is explored...
  12. doi request reprint External cues in the control of food intake in humans: the sensory-normative distinction
    C P Herman
    University of Toronto, Canada
    Physiol Behav 94:722-8. 2008
    ..We propose that normative cues affect everyone, whereas sensory cues, while affecting everyone, have a more powerful effect on some types of individuals (e.g., the obese) than on others...
  13. ncbi request reprint Weight-related and shape-related self-evaluation in eating-disordered and non-eating-disordered women
    T McFarlane
    Ambulatory Care for Eating Disorders, Toronto General Hospital, 101 College St, CW1 311, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 2C4, Canada
    Int J Eat Disord 29:328-35. 2001
    ..of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The purpose of this study was to further our understanding of weight-related self-evaluation in eating-disordered women...
  14. doi request reprint The effects of calorie information on food selection and intake
    L Girz
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Obes (Lond) 36:1340-5. 2012
    ..To examine the effects of calorie labeling on food selection and intake in dieters and non-dieters, and to explore whether expectations about food healthfulness moderate these effects...
  15. ncbi request reprint Eating disorders, dieting, and the accuracy of self-reported weight
    R E McCabe
    Department of Psychology, The University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Int J Eat Disord 29:59-64. 2001
    ..e., anorexia nervosa [AN] and bulimia nervosa [BN]) and in individuals without an eating disorder (i.e., dieters and nondieters)...
  16. doi request reprint Effects of resolving to change one's own behavior: expectations vs. experience
    Kathryn Trottier
    University Health Network, and Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Behav Ther 40:164-70. 2009
    ..With respect to Hypothesis 3, however, having more positive expectations about one's resolution did not predict a worse outcome...
  17. doi request reprint An intervention to modify expectations of unrealistic rewards from thinness
    Michele K Boivin
    Anxiety Treatment and Research Centre, St Joseph s Healthcare, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Eat Disord 16:160-79. 2008
    ..Implications for prevention of unrealistic expectations and unhealthy dieting behaviors are discussed...
  18. ncbi request reprint Self-enhancing effects of exposure to thin-body images
    Ramona Joshi
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Eat Disord 35:333-41. 2004
    ..This study examines the effect of thin-body media images on mood, self-esteem, and self-image ratings of restrained and unrestrained eaters. A secondary purpose was to examine whether these effects were influenced by exposure duration...
  19. ncbi request reprint Eat, drink, and be merry, for tomorrow we diet: effects of anticipated deprivation on food intake in restrained and unrestrained eaters
    Dax Urbszat
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Abnorm Psychol 111:396-401. 2002
    ..These results confirm that merely planning to go on a diet can trigger overeating in restrained eaters, reflecting the dynamic connection between dieting and overeating...
  20. ncbi request reprint A prospective investigation of the relations among cognitive dietary restraint, subclinical ovulatory disturbances, physical activity, and bone mass in healthy young women
    Esther J Waugh
    Osteoporosis Research Program, Women s College Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:1791-801. 2007
    ..CDR is associated with greater physical activity, which may modify the effect of CDR and ovulatory disturbances on bone mass...
  21. doi request reprint Who gains or who loses weight? Psychosocial factors among first-year university students
    Véronique Provencher
    Psychology Department, University of Toronto at Mississauga, Mississauga, ON, Canada
    Physiol Behav 96:135-41. 2009
    ..For females, however, weight gain is associated with more negative well-being and preoccupations with weight and eating...
  22. ncbi request reprint Conformity and dietary disinhibition: a test of the ego-strength model of self-regulation
    Dana Kahan
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Eat Disord 33:165-71. 2003
    ..Ego-strength depletion was examined as an explanation for dietary disinhibition in restrained eaters. We predicted that the depletion of ego strength resulting from having to choose whether to conform would undermine dietary restraint...
  23. doi request reprint Perceived healthiness of food. If it's healthy, you can eat more!
    Véronique Provencher
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Canada
    Appetite 52:340-4. 2009
    ..Beliefs about the healthiness of foods may thus be of great relevance to both food intake and weight gain...
  24. doi request reprint Internal and external moderators of the effect of variety on food intake
    Abigail K Remick
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Mississauga, Canada
    Psychol Bull 135:434-51. 2009
    ..An evolutionary hypothesis may account for the distinct roles that internal and external variables play in moderating the variety effect. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved)...
  25. ncbi request reprint Undereating or eliminating overeating?
    C Peter Herman
    University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G3, Canada
    Am Psychol 63:202-3. 2008
  26. ncbi request reprint Is the body the self? Women and body image
    Janet Polivy
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto at Mississauga, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
    Coll Antropol 31:63-7. 2007
    ..Weight-loss dieting is often unsuccessful, however, and repeated dieting attempts may increase weight as often as they reduce it, so using body shape to determine self-worth or identity is a maladaptive strategy for most women...
  27. ncbi request reprint Mental health and eating behaviours: a bi-directional relation
    Janet Polivy
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 96:S43-6, S49-53. 2005
    ..Thus, if we want to promote and develop strategies to encourage healthy eating, it is important to understand the connections between mental health and healthy eating...
  28. ncbi request reprint Effects of exposure to unrealistic promises about dieting: are unrealistic expectations about dieting inspirational?
    Kathryn Trottier
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, 100 St George Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 3G3
    Int J Eat Disord 37:142-9. 2005
    ..Diet advertisements promoting unrealistic expectations were expected to inspire restrained eaters to diet and lead to enhanced self-perceptions, relative to more circumspect advertisements...
  29. ncbi request reprint Normative influences on food intake
    C Peter Herman
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S 3G3
    Physiol Behav 86:762-72. 2005
    ..We discuss the implications of a normative approach to the analysis of eating and overeating...
  30. ncbi request reprint Norm-violation, norm-adherence, and overeating
    C Peter Herman
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Coll Antropol 31:55-62. 2007
    ..Using such criteria derived from the eating situation often leads to overeating even while individuals believe that they are successfully restricting their intake...
  31. ncbi request reprint An evolutionary perspective on dieting
    Janet Polivy
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto at Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
    Appetite 47:30-5. 2006
    ..We propose that while self-indulgence and self-control both serve adaptive functions, these evolved tendencies are naturally triggered by different ecological challenges. Implications for dieting in an ecology of plenty are explored...
  32. ncbi request reprint Accuracy in the estimation of body weight: an alternate test of the motivated-distortion hypothesis
    Lenny R Vartanian
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Eat Disord 36:69-75. 2004
    ..We examined the ability of participants to estimate the weight of a target person as a means of distinguishing between motivated distortions and perceptual biases...
  33. ncbi request reprint Selective carbohydrate or protein restriction: effects on subsequent food intake and cravings
    Jennifer S Coelho
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto at Mississauga, 3359 Mississauga Road, Mississauga, Ont, Canada L5L 1C6
    Appetite 47:352-60. 2006
    ..The roles of dietary restraint and negative affect in influencing cravings and food intake are discussed. Overall, selective food restriction is demonstrated to have negative psychological and behavioural consequences...
  34. ncbi request reprint Effects of the presence of others on food intake: a normative interpretation
    C Peter Herman
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Psychol Bull 129:873-86. 2003
    ..Socially derived inhibitory norms can account for either increased or decreased intake in the presence of others, depending on how much the others eat and the extent to which one is eager to impress them...
  35. ncbi request reprint The influence of social norms on hunger ratings and eating
    C Peter Herman
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Sidney Smith Hall, M5S 3G3, Toronto, Ont, Canada
    Appetite 41:15-20. 2003
    ..We discuss the disjunction between hunger ratings and eating, specifically whether (a) hunger reports were fabricated in response to social pressure or (b) eating is controlled by factors other than hunger...
  36. ncbi request reprint Matching effects on eating: do individual differences make a difference?
    C Peter Herman
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Sidney Smith Hall, Toronto, Ont, Canada M5S 3G3
    Appetite 45:108-9. 2005
    ..Matching of intake was high irrespective of the personality composition of the dyad. We consider elements of the situation that enhanced matching and whether personality might moderate matching effects...
  37. ncbi request reprint Weight-related other evaluation in eating disorders
    K Trottier
    Ambulatory Care for Eating Disorders, Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Eat Weight Disord 10:258-63. 2005
    ..The results suggest that weight-related evaluation in eating disorders extends beyond the self to include the evaluation of other people...
  38. ncbi request reprint Coprophagia as a manifestation of obsessive-compulsive disorder: a case report
    S B Zeitlin
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Scarborough, Ontario, Canada
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 26:57-63. 1995
    ..Thorough assessment revealed that this coprophagia was a manifestation of obsessive-compulsive disorder. The problem behavior responded to a behavioral treatment program comprising exposure and response prevention...
  39. doi request reprint "Just looking at food makes me gain weight": experimental induction of thought-shape fusion in eating-disordered and non-eating-disordered women
    Jennifer S Coelho
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology, University of Maastricht, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 46:219-28. 2008
    ..Potential mechanisms for this pattern of results are discussed, and the clinical implications of research on TSF are also considered...
  40. ncbi request reprint Judgments of body weight based on food intake: a pervasive cognitive bias among restrained eaters
    Lenny R Vartanian
    Department of Applied Economics and Management, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 7801, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 41:64-71. 2008
    ..Two studies examined the influence of meal-size information on restrained and unrestrained eaters' judgments of body weight and size...
  41. ncbi request reprint Does regulatory focus play a role in dietary restraint?
    Lenny R Vartanian
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    Eat Behav 7:333-41. 2006
    ..Our results suggest that future research should focus on the obstacles to successful weight regulation, rather than on individuals' regulatory focus...
  42. ncbi request reprint The specificity of restrained versus unrestrained eaters' responses to food cues: general desire to eat, or craving for the cued food?
    Ingrid Fedoroff
    Department of Psychiatry, University of British Columbia, St Paul s Hospital, 1081 Burrard Street, V6Z 1Y6 Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Appetite 41:7-13. 2003
    ..Restrained eaters' intake of a food that differed from the pre-eating food cues did not differ from their intake following no prior exposure to food cues. Restrained eaters thus showed a highly specific response to exposure to food cues...
  43. ncbi request reprint Consumption stereotypes and impression management: how you are what you eat
    Lenny R Vartanian
    Department of Applied Economics and Management, Cornell University, 110 Warren Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853 7801, USA
    Appetite 48:265-77. 2007
    ..g., femininity, social appeal). Finally, we discuss the ways in which using food intake as an impression-management tactic can lead to chronic food restriction and unhealthy eating habits...
  44. ncbi request reprint A word-stem completion task to assess implicit processing of appearance-related information
    Marika Tiggemann
    Flinders University of South Australia, School of Psychology, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
    J Psychosom Res 57:73-8. 2004
    ..This paper reports on the development and utility of a new implicit measure of appearance-related information processing...