R Padwal

Summary

Affiliation: University of Alberta
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Characteristics of patients undergoing bariatric surgery in Canada
    Raj S Padwal
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Alberta Hospital, Edmonton, Canada
    Obes Res 13:2052-4. 2005
  2. pmc The impact of severe obesity on post-acute rehabilitation efficiency, length of stay, and hospital costs
    Raj S Padwal
    Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2B7
    J Obes 2012:972365. 2012
  3. pmc Prevalence and predictors of self-reported sexual abuse in severely obese patients in a population-based bariatric program
    Danielle L Gabert
    Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2B7
    J Obes 2013:374050. 2013
  4. pmc Canadian Physicians' Use of Antiobesity Drugs and Their Referral Patterns to Weight Management Programs or Providers: The SOCCER Study
    R S Padwal
    Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2V2
    J Obes 2011:686521. 2011
  5. ncbi request reprint Comparative effectiveness of olmesartan and other Angiotensin receptor blockers in diabetes mellitus: retrospective cohort study
    Raj Padwal
    Clinical Epidemiology, Clinical Pharmacology, and General Internal Medicine, University of Alberta, 5 134 Clinical Sciences Bldg, 11350 83rd Ave, Edmonton, AB T6G2G3, Canada
    Hypertension 63:977-83. 2014
  6. pmc The evaluating self-management and educational support in severely obese patients awaiting multidisciplinary bariatric care (EVOLUTION) trial: rationale and design
    Raj S Padwal
    Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 13:321. 2013
  7. pmc Characteristics of the population eligible for and receiving publicly funded bariatric surgery in Canada
    Raj S Padwal
    Department of Medicine, 2F1, 26 Walter C, Mackenzie Health Sciences Centre, University of Alberta, 8440 112th Street, Edmonton, T6G 2B7, Alberta, Canada
    Int J Equity Health 11:54. 2012
  8. pmc Health status, quality of life, and satisfaction of patients awaiting multidisciplinary bariatric care
    Raj S Padwal
    Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, 2F1, 26 Walter C, Mackenzie Health Sciences Centre, 8440 112th Street, Edmonton, AB T6G 2B7, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:139. 2012
  9. pmc A systematic review on the effect of sweeteners on glycemic response and clinically relevant outcomes
    Natasha Wiebe
    Department of Medicine, 13 103 Clinical Sciences Building, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2G3 Canada
    BMC Med 9:123. 2011
  10. pmc The preventing recurrent vascular events and neurological worsening through intensive organized case-management (PREVENTION) trial protocol [clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT00931788]
    Finlay A McAlister
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Alberta Hospital, 8440 112 Street, Edmonton, Canada
    Implement Sci 5:27. 2010

Detail Information

Publications35

  1. ncbi request reprint Characteristics of patients undergoing bariatric surgery in Canada
    Raj S Padwal
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Alberta Hospital, Edmonton, Canada
    Obes Res 13:2052-4. 2005
    ..The characteristics of patients undergoing bariatric procedures outside of clinical studies and on a national level have not previously been reported...
  2. pmc The impact of severe obesity on post-acute rehabilitation efficiency, length of stay, and hospital costs
    Raj S Padwal
    Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2B7
    J Obes 2012:972365. 2012
    ..63; P = 0.06). Conclusion. Severe obesity adversely affects rehabilitation LOS and expenditures. Targeted interventions in severely obese individuals to optimize post-acute rehabilitation care delivery are needed...
  3. pmc Prevalence and predictors of self-reported sexual abuse in severely obese patients in a population-based bariatric program
    Danielle L Gabert
    Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2B7
    J Obes 2013:374050. 2013
    ..Sexual abuse may be associated with poorer weight loss outcomes following bariatric treatment. Identifying predictors of abuse would enable focused screening and may increase weight management success...
  4. pmc Canadian Physicians' Use of Antiobesity Drugs and Their Referral Patterns to Weight Management Programs or Providers: The SOCCER Study
    R S Padwal
    Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2V2
    J Obes 2011:686521. 2011
    ..We conclude that both physician and patient factors act as barriers to the use of weight management strategies and both need to be addressed to increase uptake of these interventions...
  5. ncbi request reprint Comparative effectiveness of olmesartan and other Angiotensin receptor blockers in diabetes mellitus: retrospective cohort study
    Raj Padwal
    Clinical Epidemiology, Clinical Pharmacology, and General Internal Medicine, University of Alberta, 5 134 Clinical Sciences Bldg, 11350 83rd Ave, Edmonton, AB T6G2G3, Canada
    Hypertension 63:977-83. 2014
    ..Risk may be increased in kidney disease; thus, given the widespread availability of alternate agents, olmesartan should be used with caution in this subgroup pending further study. ..
  6. pmc The evaluating self-management and educational support in severely obese patients awaiting multidisciplinary bariatric care (EVOLUTION) trial: rationale and design
    Raj S Padwal
    Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 13:321. 2013
    ..Furthermore, we hypothesize that the in-person version will be more effective but more costly than the web-based version...
  7. pmc Characteristics of the population eligible for and receiving publicly funded bariatric surgery in Canada
    Raj S Padwal
    Department of Medicine, 2F1, 26 Walter C, Mackenzie Health Sciences Centre, University of Alberta, 8440 112th Street, Edmonton, T6G 2B7, Alberta, Canada
    Int J Equity Health 11:54. 2012
    ..The purpose of this study was to quantify and characterize the bariatric surgery-eligible population in Canada in comparison to surgery-ineligible subjects and surgical recipients...
  8. pmc Health status, quality of life, and satisfaction of patients awaiting multidisciplinary bariatric care
    Raj S Padwal
    Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, 2F1, 26 Walter C, Mackenzie Health Sciences Centre, 8440 112th Street, Edmonton, AB T6G 2B7, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:139. 2012
    ..Our objective was to examine wait-listed patients' health status and perceptions regarding the consequences of prolonged wait times using a cross-sectional study design nested within a prospective cohort...
  9. pmc A systematic review on the effect of sweeteners on glycemic response and clinically relevant outcomes
    Natasha Wiebe
    Department of Medicine, 13 103 Clinical Sciences Building, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2G3 Canada
    BMC Med 9:123. 2011
    ..The major metabolic complications of obesity and type 2 diabetes may be prevented and managed with dietary modification. The use of sweeteners that provide little or no calories may help to achieve this objective...
  10. pmc The preventing recurrent vascular events and neurological worsening through intensive organized case-management (PREVENTION) trial protocol [clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT00931788]
    Finlay A McAlister
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Alberta Hospital, 8440 112 Street, Edmonton, Canada
    Implement Sci 5:27. 2010
    ..If our intervention improves the provision of secondary prevention therapies in these patients, the clinical (and financial) implications will be enormous...
  11. pmc Bariatric surgery: a systematic review of the clinical and economic evidence
    Raj Padwal
    Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    J Gen Intern Med 26:1183-94. 2011
    ..Use of bariatric surgery for severe obesity has increased dramatically...
  12. ncbi request reprint Contrave, a bupropion and naltrexone combination therapy for the potential treatment of obesity
    Raj Padwal
    Department of Medicine, University of Alberta Hospital, 2F1 26 Walter C Mackenzie Health Sciences Centre, Edmonton, AB T6G 2B7, Canada
    Curr Opin Investig Drugs 10:1117-25. 2009
    ..Assuming that the results of the Contrave phase III clinical program reaffirm the efficacy and safety of the drug combination, this agent could be approved and launched to become a market leader in the anti-obesity therapeutic arena...
  13. pmc The Alberta population-based prospective evaluation of the quality of life outcomes and economic impact of bariatric surgery (APPLES) study: background, design and rationale
    Raj S Padwal
    Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 10:284. 2010
    ..We hypothesize that lower indirect, out of pocket and productivity costs will offset increased direct health-care costs resulting in lower total costs for bariatric surgery...
  14. pmc Prevention of cardiovascular disease: obesity, diabetes and the metabolic syndrome
    Raj S Padwal
    Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Can J Cardiol 26:18C-20C. 2010
    ..Future efforts will need to focus on these factors and pansocietal solutions will be required if success in reversing the population-wide weight increases that have occurred over the past several decades is to be achieved...
  15. ncbi request reprint A systematic review of drug absorption following bariatric surgery and its theoretical implications
    R Padwal
    Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Obes Rev 11:41-50. 2010
    ..Individual dose-adjustment and therapeutic monitoring may be required. Rigorously conducted controlled studies are needed to evaluate the effect of modern bariatric procedures on drug absorption...
  16. pmc Using the Edmonton obesity staging system to predict mortality in a population-representative cohort of people with overweight and obesity
    Raj S Padwal
    Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta
    CMAJ 183:E1059-66. 2011
    ..We examined the ability of the Edmonton obesity staging system, a 5-point ordinal classification system that considers comorbidity and functional status, in predicting mortality in a nationally representative US sample...
  17. ncbi request reprint Antihypertensive therapy and incidence of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review
    Raj Padwal
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Diabetes Care 27:247-55. 2004
    ..To systematically review the available evidence examining the effects of the major antihypertensive drug classes on the incidence of type 2 diabetes...
  18. ncbi request reprint Antihypertensive therapy and incidence of type 2 diabetes in an elderly cohort
    Raj Padwal
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    Diabetes Care 27:2458-63. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to determine whether the incidence of type 2 diabetes differed among elderly users of four major antihypertensive drug classes...
  19. ncbi request reprint A systematic review of drug therapy to delay or prevent type 2 diabetes
    Raj Padwal
    Department of Medicine, 2E3 22 Walter C Mackenzie HSC, University of Alberta Hospital, 8440 112th St, Edmonton, AB, Canada, T6G 2B7
    Diabetes Care 28:736-44. 2005
    ..To systematically review the evidence for the prevention of type 2 diabetes by pharmacological therapies...
  20. ncbi request reprint Trends in obesity and overweight-related office visits and drug prescriptions in Canada, 1998 to 2004
    Raj S Padwal
    Division of General Internal Medicine, 2E3 22 Walter C Mackenzie Health Sciences Center, University of Alberta Hospital, 8440 112th Street, Edmonton, AB, Canada, T6G 2B7
    Obes Res 13:1905-8. 2005
    ..This study sought to determine whether this rise in prevalence and awareness has resulted in an increased frequency of obesity and overweight-related office visits or antiobesity drug prescriptions over the past 5 years...
  21. ncbi request reprint Drug treatments for obesity: orlistat, sibutramine, and rimonabant
    Raj S Padwal
    Department of Medicine, University of Alberta Hospital, Edmonton, AB, Canada
    Lancet 369:71-7. 2007
    ..Only then can patients and their physicians be confident that the putative benefits of such drugs outweigh their risks and costs...
  22. ncbi request reprint Long-term persistence with orlistat and sibutramine in a population-based cohort
    R Padwal
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Walter C Mackenzie Health Sciences Center, University of Alberta Hospital, 8440 112th Street, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Int J Obes (Lond) 31:1567-70. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the long-term persistence with orlistat and sibutramine therapy outside a clinical trial setting...
  23. pmc The 2007 Canadian Hypertension Education Program recommendations for the management of hypertension: part 1- blood pressure measurement, diagnosis and assessment of risk
    Raj S Padwal
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta
    Can J Cardiol 23:529-38. 2007
    ..To provide updated, evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis and assessment of adults with hypertension...
  24. ncbi request reprint Cetilistat, a new lipase inhibitor for the treatment of obesity
    Raj Padwal
    University of Alberta, Clinical Pharmacology and Internal Medicine, 8440 112th Street, Edmonton, T6G 2B7, Canada
    Curr Opin Investig Drugs 9:414-21. 2008
    ..It is also under investigation for the potential management of type 2 diabetes. Several phase II clinical trials for obesity have been completed. Phase III trials were in preparation at the time of publication...
  25. pmc The 2008 Canadian Hypertension Education Program recommendations for the management of hypertension: Part 1 - blood pressure measurement, diagnosis and assessment of risk
    Raj S Padwal
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    Can J Cardiol 24:455-63. 2008
    ..To provide updated, evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis and assessment of adults with hypertension...
  26. pmc The 2009 Canadian Hypertension Education Program recommendations for the management of hypertension: Part 1--blood pressure measurement, diagnosis and assessment of risk
    Raj S Padwal
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    Can J Cardiol 25:279-86. 2009
    ..To provide updated, evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis and assessment of adults with hypertension...
  27. pmc The 2009 Canadian Hypertension Education Program recommendations for the management of hypertension: Part 2--therapy
    Nadia A Khan
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Can J Cardiol 25:287-98. 2009
    ..To update the evidence-based recommendations for the prevention and management of hypertension in adults for 2009...
  28. ncbi request reprint Long-term pharmacotherapy for overweight and obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    R Padwal
    Division of Internal Medicine, University of Alberta Hospital, 2E3 Walter C Mackenzie Health Sciences Centre, Edmonton, AB, Canada
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27:1437-46. 2003
    ..Safe and effective strategies to curb rising obesity prevalence rates are urgently needed and medications may play a more prominent role in future therapeutic regimens...
  29. ncbi request reprint Association between obesity and health-related quality of life in patients with coronary artery disease
    A Oreopoulos
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Int J Obes (Lond) 34:1434-41. 2010
    ..Our objective was to determine whether this counterintuitive relationship extends to health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes...
  30. doi request reprint Bariatric surgery: a systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized trials
    R Padwal
    Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Obes Rev 12:602-21. 2011
    ..Compared with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, adjustable gastric banding has lower weight loss efficacy, but also leads to fewer serious adverse effects...
  31. ncbi request reprint Obesity is a sign - over-eating is a symptom: an aetiological framework for the assessment and management of obesity
    A M Sharma
    Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Royal Alexandra Hospital, Edmonton, AB AB T5H 3V9, Canada
    Obes Rev 11:362-70. 2010
    ....
  32. pmc Statins and outcomes in patients admitted to hospital with community acquired pneumonia: population based prospective cohort study
    Sumit R Majumdar
    Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
    BMJ 333:999. 2006
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint The obesity paradox in heart failure patients with preserved versus reduced ejection fraction: a meta-analysis of individual patient data
    R Padwal
    Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    Int J Obes (Lond) 38:1110-4. 2014
    ..We sought to determine if the obesity paradox differed by HF subtype (reduced ejection fraction (HF-REF) versus preserved ejection fraction (HF-PEF))...
  34. pmc Association between direct measures of body composition and prognostic factors in chronic heart failure
    Antigone Oreopoulos
    School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Mayo Clin Proc 85:609-17. 2010
    ....
  35. doi request reprint Cancer screening among the overweight and obese in Canada
    Rebecca S Mitchell
    Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Am J Prev Med 35:127-32. 2008
    ..S. studies have reported the reduced use of cancer screening among these subjects. We sought to analyze the relationship between overweight/obesity and cancer screening practices using population-based Canadian data...