Patricia O'Campo

Summary

Affiliation: University of Toronto
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Social welfare matters: A realist review of when, how, and why unemployment insurance impacts poverty and health
    Patricia O'Campo
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, 209 Victoria Street, 3rd Floor, Toronto, ON M5B 1T8, Canada Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Health Sciences Building, 155 College Street, Toronto, ON M5T 3M7, Canada Electronic address
    Soc Sci Med 132:88-94. 2015
  2. pmc Aligning method with theory: a comparison of two approaches to modeling the social determinants of health
    Patricia O'Campo
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond St, Toronto, ON, M5B 1W8, Canada
    Matern Child Health J 16:1870-8. 2012
  3. pmc Uncovering neighbourhood influences on intimate partner violence using concept mapping
    Patricia O'Campo
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5B 1W8
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:603-8. 2005
  4. doi request reprint Implementing successful intimate partner violence screening programs in health care settings: evidence generated from a realist-informed systematic review
    Patricia O'Campo
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond St, Toronto ON M5B 1W8, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 72:855-66. 2011
  5. doi request reprint Partner abuse or violence, parenting and neighborhood influences on children's behavioral problems
    Patricia O'Campo
    The Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Kennan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M5B 1W8
    Soc Sci Med 70:1404-15. 2010
  6. ncbi request reprint Neighborhood deprivation and preterm birth among non-Hispanic Black and White women in eight geographic areas in the United States
    Patricia O'Campo
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 167:155-63. 2008
  7. doi request reprint Intimate partner violence is associated with incident HIV infection in women in Uganda
    Fiona G Kouyoumdjian
    Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5T 3M7, Canada
    AIDS 27:1331-8. 2013
  8. pmc Moving from rhetoric to reality: adapting Housing First for homeless individuals with mental illness from ethno-racial groups
    Vicky Stergiopoulos
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St, Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario M5B 1 W8, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:345. 2012
  9. pmc Are residents of downtown Toronto influenced by their urban neighbourhoods? Using concept mapping to examine neighbourhood characteristics and their perceived impact on self-rated mental well-being
    Amanda J Sheppard
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St, Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5B 1W8, Canada
    Int J Health Geogr 11:31. 2012
  10. doi request reprint Protocol: realist synthesis of the impact of unemployment insurance policies on poverty and health
    Agnes Molnar
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, 209 Victoria Street, 3rd Floor, Toronto, ON, Canada M5B 1T8 Electronic address
    Eval Program Plann 48:1-9. 2015

Detail Information

Publications39

  1. doi request reprint Social welfare matters: A realist review of when, how, and why unemployment insurance impacts poverty and health
    Patricia O'Campo
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, 209 Victoria Street, 3rd Floor, Toronto, ON M5B 1T8, Canada Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Health Sciences Building, 155 College Street, Toronto, ON M5T 3M7, Canada Electronic address
    Soc Sci Med 132:88-94. 2015
    ..Though unemployment benefits are not intended to compensate fully for a loss of earnings, generous UI programs can moderate harmful consequences of unemployment. ..
  2. pmc Aligning method with theory: a comparison of two approaches to modeling the social determinants of health
    Patricia O'Campo
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond St, Toronto, ON, M5B 1W8, Canada
    Matern Child Health J 16:1870-8. 2012
    ....
  3. pmc Uncovering neighbourhood influences on intimate partner violence using concept mapping
    Patricia O'Campo
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5B 1W8
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:603-8. 2005
    ..These results can be used to generate testable hypotheses regarding neighbourhood influences on intimate partner violence in future quantitative research and to inform the design of public health intimate partner violence programmes...
  4. doi request reprint Implementing successful intimate partner violence screening programs in health care settings: evidence generated from a realist-informed systematic review
    Patricia O'Campo
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond St, Toronto ON M5B 1W8, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 72:855-66. 2011
    ..Further implications for IPV screening intervention planning and implementation in health care settings are discussed...
  5. doi request reprint Partner abuse or violence, parenting and neighborhood influences on children's behavioral problems
    Patricia O'Campo
    The Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Kennan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M5B 1W8
    Soc Sci Med 70:1404-15. 2010
    ..These interactions between neighborhood factors and IPV were not explained by parental factors...
  6. ncbi request reprint Neighborhood deprivation and preterm birth among non-Hispanic Black and White women in eight geographic areas in the United States
    Patricia O'Campo
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 167:155-63. 2008
    ..08, 1.23) for non-Hispanic Blacks. In this study, deprivation at the neighborhood level was significantly associated with increased risk of preterm birth among both non-Hispanic White women and non-Hispanic Black women...
  7. doi request reprint Intimate partner violence is associated with incident HIV infection in women in Uganda
    Fiona G Kouyoumdjian
    Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5T 3M7, Canada
    AIDS 27:1331-8. 2013
    ..To quantify the association between intimate partner violence (IPV) and incident HIV infection in women in the Rakai Community Cohort Study between 2000 and 2009...
  8. pmc Moving from rhetoric to reality: adapting Housing First for homeless individuals with mental illness from ethno-racial groups
    Vicky Stergiopoulos
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St, Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario M5B 1 W8, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:345. 2012
    ..This paper presents the findings of an early implementation and fidelity evaluation of the HF ER-ICM program, supplemented by participant narrative interviews to inform our understanding of the HF ER-ICM program theory...
  9. pmc Are residents of downtown Toronto influenced by their urban neighbourhoods? Using concept mapping to examine neighbourhood characteristics and their perceived impact on self-rated mental well-being
    Amanda J Sheppard
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St, Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5B 1W8, Canada
    Int J Health Geogr 11:31. 2012
    ..Few studies have actively investigated local residents' perceptions...
  10. doi request reprint Protocol: realist synthesis of the impact of unemployment insurance policies on poverty and health
    Agnes Molnar
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, 209 Victoria Street, 3rd Floor, Toronto, ON, Canada M5B 1T8 Electronic address
    Eval Program Plann 48:1-9. 2015
    ..Anticipated findings will allow policymakers to move beyond 'black box' approaches to consider 'mechanism-based' explanations that explicate the logic on how and why unemployment insurance matters. ..
  11. pmc Glossary for the implementation of Health in All Policies (HiAP)
    Alix Freiler
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Epidemiol Community Health 67:1068-72. 2013
    ....
  12. doi request reprint Referral to health and social services for intimate partner violence in health care settings: a realist scoping review
    Maritt Kirst
    Ontario Tobacco Research Unit, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Trauma Violence Abuse 13:198-208. 2012
    ..This scoping review provides guidance on what is currently known about IPV referral programs in health care settings and provides a starting point for further research on effectiveness of referral processes...
  13. pmc What is needed to implement a computer-assisted health risk assessment tool? An exploratory concept mapping study
    Farah Ahmad
    School of Health Policy and Management, York University, 4700 Keele Street, HNES Building, 4th Floor, Toronto, ON, M3J 1P3, Canada
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 12:149. 2012
    ....
  14. doi request reprint Politics, welfare regimes, and population health: controversies and evidence
    Carles Muntaner
    Social Science and Health Research, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health CAMH and Global Health Program, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Sociol Health Illn 33:946-64. 2011
    ..We end by discussing epistemological, theoretical, and methodological issues for consideration for future research...
  15. doi request reprint Patterns of social inequalities across pregnancy and birth outcomes: a comparison of individual and neighborhood socioeconomic measures
    Nihaya Daoud
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael Hospital, 209 Victoria Street, Third Floor, Toronto, ON, M5C 1 N8, Canada
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 14:393. 2015
    ..This paper identifies patterns of health inequalities (consistency and magnitude) of socioeconomic disparities for multiple maternal and child health (MCH) outcomes that represent different health care needs of mothers and infants...
  16. doi request reprint Examining methodological details of neighbourhood observations and the relationship to health: a literature review
    Nicole Schaefer-McDaniel
    St Michael s Hospital, Centre for Research on Inner City Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 70:277-92. 2010
    ..We see this review as a first step in developing sound observational measures of neighbourhood factors and conclude by providing recommendations for researchers undertaking neighbourhood observations in the future...
  17. pmc Standardized observation of neighbourhood disorder: does it work in Canada?
    Janet A Parsons
    Applied Health Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St, Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    Int J Health Geogr 9:6. 2010
    ..This study evaluated the performance of a systematic social observational (SSO) tool (adapted from previous studies of American and British neighbourhoods) in a Canadian urban context...
  18. ncbi request reprint A review of Aboriginal infant mortality rates in Canada: striking and persistent Aboriginal/non-Aboriginal inequities
    Janet Smylie
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health CRICH, St Michael s Hospital, 70 Richmond Street East, 4th Floor, Toronto, ON M5C 1 N8
    Can J Public Health 101:143-8. 2010
    ..Our objective was to better understand what is currently known about Aboriginal infant mortality rates (IMR) in Canada...
  19. doi request reprint Cardiovascular risk factors and 30-year cardiovascular risk in homeless adults with mental illness
    Agnes Gozdzik
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, ON, M5B 1 W8, Canada
    BMC Public Health 15:1472. 2015
    ..Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of death among homeless people. This study examines CVD risk factors and 30-year CVD risk in a population of homeless individuals with mental illness...
  20. doi request reprint Strengthening the implementation of Health in All Policies: a methodology for realist explanatory case studies
    Ketan Shankardass
    Department of Psychology, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada and Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Department of Psychology, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada and Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Department of Psychology, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada and Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Health Policy Plan 30:462-73. 2015
    ..This methodology can be applied to study the implementation of HiAP and other forms of intersectoral action to reduce health inequities involving multiple geographic levels of government in diverse settings. ..
  21. pmc Ending homelessness among people with mental illness: the At Home/Chez Soi randomized trial of a Housing First intervention in Toronto
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St, Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario M5B 1W8, Canada
    BMC Public Health 12:787. 2012
    ..The objectives of this paper are to examine the approach to participant recruitment and community engagement at the Toronto site of the AH/CS Project, and to describe the baseline demographics of participants in Toronto...
  22. pmc Housing First: exploring participants' early support needs
    Vicky Stergiopoulos
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St, Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario M5B 1W8, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 14:167. 2014
    ..This study used a mixed methods design to examine participant changes in selected domains 6 months after enrollment in a Canadian field trial of Housing First...
  23. doi request reprint Evaluating perceptions of the effectiveness of the community advisory panel model for enhancing service delivery to marginalized populations
    Jason T Ramsay
    Department of Social Sciences, University of Toronto Scarborough, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Public Health Nurs 29:302-12. 2012
    ..The objective of this study was to evaluate perceptions of the effectiveness of the community advisory panels (CAPs) at St. Michael's Hospital, in Toronto, Canada...
  24. pmc Narcotic analgesic utilization amongst injured workers: using concept mapping to understand current issues from the perspectives of physicians and pharmacists
    Janet A Parsons
    Applied Health Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond St, Toronto, Ontario, M5B 1W8, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 11:280. 2011
    ..Factors contributing to NA utilization patterns are poorly understood. This qualitative study sought to characterize the factors contributing to NA utilization amongst injured workers from the perspectives of physicians and pharmacists...
  25. pmc Socioeconomic position and factors associated with use of a nonsupine infant sleep position: findings from the Canadian Maternity Experiences Survey
    Janet Smylie
    Janet Smylie and Patricia O Campo are with the Centre for Research on Inner City Health, Saint Michael s Hospital, and the Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario Deshayne B Fell is with the Better Outcomes Registry and Network Ontario, Ottawa Beverley Chalmers is with the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Ottawa, and The Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario Reg Sauve is with Paediatrics and Community Health Services, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta Catherine Royle is with Prenatal and Early Child Development, Department of Health and Community Services, Government of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland At the time of this research, Billie Allan was with the Native Women s Association of Canada, Ottawa
    Am J Public Health 104:539-47. 2014
    ....
  26. doi request reprint A scoping review of intersectoral action for health equity involving governments
    Ketan Shankardass
    The Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    Int J Public Health 57:25-33. 2012
    ..We carried out a scoping review to identify and describe scholarly and grey literature referring to global cases of intersectoral action for health equity featuring a central role for governments...
  27. doi request reprint The Neighbourhood Effects on Health and Well-being (NEHW) study
    Patricia O'Campo
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M5B 1W8 Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, 155 College Street, 6th Floor, Toronto, ON, Canada, M5T 3M7 Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences ICES, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, ON, Canada M4N 3M5 Electronic address
    Health Place 31:65-74. 2015
    ..We describe here methodological issues that shaped the design and analysis features of the NEHW study to ensure that, while a cross-sectional sample, it will advance the quality of evidence emerging from observational studies. ..
  28. pmc Different faces of discrimination: perceived discrimination among homeless adults with mental illness in healthcare settings
    Anna Skosireva
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, Keenan Research, Centre, St, Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 14:376. 2014
    ..Little is known about discrimination experiences of other marginalized populations, particularly groups facing multiple disadvantages who may be subjected to other/multiple forms of discrimination...
  29. doi request reprint Neighbourhoods and mental well-being: what are the pathways?
    Patricia O'Campo
    The Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ont, Canada M5B1 W8
    Health Place 15:56-68. 2009
    ..Concept mapping provides unique contributions and challenges and may provide a useful means of examining specific pathways from neighbourhood to health outcomes...
  30. pmc Risk factors for intimate partner violence in women in the Rakai Community Cohort Study, Uganda, from 2000 to 2009
    Fiona G Kouyoumdjian
    Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario Canada
    BMC Public Health 13:566. 2013
    ..There is a lack of data on IPV risk factors from longitudinal studies and from low and middle income countries. Identifying risk factors is needed to inform the design of appropriate IPV interventions...
  31. pmc Linking childhood and adult criminality: using a life course framework to examine childhood abuse and neglect, substance use and adult partner violence
    Anita Minh
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, ON M5B 1W8, Canada
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 10:5470-89. 2013
    ..Rather we generated qualitative and quantitative hypotheses to guide future research in the field. Implications for research and interventions are discussed. ..
  32. pmc Oral health, oral pain, and visits to the dentist: neighborhood influences among a large diverse urban sample of adults
    Heidi Borenstein
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St Michael s Hospital, 209 Victoria Street, Third Floor, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5C 1N8
    J Urban Health 90:1064-78. 2013
    ..Based on these results, SEP appears to be important in evaluating oral health outcomes. While insignificant in this study, neighborhood factors are important when considering the impact of service provision on oral health. ..
  33. pmc Modeling the cumulative effects of social exposures on health: moving beyond disease-specific models
    Heather L White
    Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5T 3M6, Canada
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 10:1186-201. 2013
    ..To more accurately estimate social exposures' impacts on population health, researchers should consider a GHI framework...
  34. ncbi request reprint County and organizational predictors of depression symptoms among low-income nursing assistants in the USA
    Carles Muntaner
    Social Equity and Health Section, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health and University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 63:1454-65. 2006
    ....
  35. doi request reprint Are we asking the right questions? A review of Canadian REB practices in relation to community-based participatory research
    Adrian Guta
    University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics 5:35-46. 2010
    ..We report on these differences and varying levels of sensitivity to CBPR. Finally, we highlight best practices and make recommendations for integrating CBPR principles into existing ethics review...
  36. pmc Magnitude of income-related disparities in adverse perinatal outcomes
    Ketan Shankardass
    Department of Psychology, Wilfrid Laurier University, 75 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 14:96. 2014
    ..To assess and compare multiple measurements of socioeconomic position (SEP) in order to determine the relationship with adverse perinatal outcomes across various contexts...
  37. pmc Introduction--Knowledge translation and urban health equity: advancing the agenda
    Kelly Murphy
    Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, Keenan Research Centre of St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Urban Health 89:875-80. 2012
    ..The third concerns the role that power plays in evidence-based policy making, when the issues at stake are not only empirical but also normative...
  38. doi request reprint Improving health equity through theory-informed evaluations: a look at housing first strategies, cross-sectoral health programs, and prostitution policy
    James R Dunn
    Department of Health, Aging and Society, McMaster University, 1280 Main St W, Hamilton, ON L8S 4M4, Canada
    Eval Program Plann 36:184-90. 2013
    ..The theoretically driven and transformative nature of these interventions create special demands for the use of theory in evaluations...
  39. pmc Community-based services for homeless adults experiencing concurrent mental health and substance use disorders: a realist approach to synthesizing evidence
    Patricia O'Campo
    The Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre, LiKaShing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    J Urban Health 86:965-89. 2009
    ..Our realist informed review is a useful methodology for synthesizing complex programming information on community-based interventions...