H A McKay

Summary

Affiliation: University of British Columbia
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Application of magnetic resonance imaging to evaluation of femoral neck structure in growing girls
    Heather A McKay
    Department of Orthopedics, School of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B C, Canada
    J Clin Densitom 7:161-8. 2004
  2. pmc Ground reaction forces associated with an effective elementary school based jumping intervention
    H McKay
    Department of Family Practice and Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Br J Sports Med 39:10-4. 2005
  3. pmc "Bounce at the Bell": a novel program of short bouts of exercise improves proximal femur bone mass in early pubertal children
    H A McKay
    University of British Columbia, 588 828 West 10th Ave, Vancouver, BC, V52 1L8, Canada
    Br J Sports Med 39:521-6. 2005
  4. pmc Exercise interventions for health: time to focus on dimensions, delivery, and dollars
    H A McKay
    School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1, Canada
    Br J Sports Med 37:98-9. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint Lifestyle risk factors for osteoporosis in Asian and Caucasian girls
    K J MacKelvie
    School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:1818-24. 2001
  6. pmc Results of a 10 week community based strength and balance training programme to reduce fall risk factors: a randomised controlled trial in 65-75 year old women with osteoporosis
    N D Carter
    BC Women's Hospital and Health Centre Osteoporosis Program and Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Br J Sports Med 35:348-51. 2001
  7. doi request reprint Does a novel school-based physical activity model benefit femoral neck bone strength in pre- and early pubertal children?
    H M Macdonald
    Department of Orthopaedics, University of British Columbia, 302 2647 Willow St, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V5Z 3P1
    Osteoporos Int 19:1445-56. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint A school-based exercise intervention augments bone mineral accrual in early pubertal girls
    K J MacKelvie
    School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    J Pediatr 139:501-8. 2001
  9. doi request reprint Cortical and trabecular bone in the femoral neck both contribute to proximal femur failure load prediction
    S L Manske
    UBC Department of Orthopaedics, Centre for Hip Health and Musculoskeletal Research, Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute, 302 2647 Willow Street, Vancouver, BC V5Z3P1, Canada
    Osteoporos Int 20:445-53. 2009
  10. pmc Does frequency of resistance training affect tibial cortical bone density in older women? A randomized controlled trial
    M C Ashe
    Center for Hip Health and Mobility, 7F 2635 Laurel Street, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 1M9, Canada
    Osteoporos Int 24:623-32. 2013

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications53

  1. ncbi request reprint Application of magnetic resonance imaging to evaluation of femoral neck structure in growing girls
    Heather A McKay
    Department of Orthopedics, School of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B C, Canada
    J Clin Densitom 7:161-8. 2004
    ..In conclusion, MRI provides useful information on femoral neck bone area in children. The reproducibility of cortical dimensions at the femoral neck needs improvement through technical modifications and appropriate analysis software...
  2. pmc Ground reaction forces associated with an effective elementary school based jumping intervention
    H McKay
    Department of Family Practice and Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Br J Sports Med 39:10-4. 2005
    ..Ground reaction forces (GRFs) may provide a surrogate measure for the strain experienced by bone on landing and at take off. However, there appear to be no paediatric studies that assess GRFs across a variety of loading activities...
  3. pmc "Bounce at the Bell": a novel program of short bouts of exercise improves proximal femur bone mass in early pubertal children
    H A McKay
    University of British Columbia, 588 828 West 10th Ave, Vancouver, BC, V52 1L8, Canada
    Br J Sports Med 39:521-6. 2005
    ..To examine the effects of a simple and inexpensive physical activity intervention on change in bone mass and structure in school aged children...
  4. pmc Exercise interventions for health: time to focus on dimensions, delivery, and dollars
    H A McKay
    School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1, Canada
    Br J Sports Med 37:98-9. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint Lifestyle risk factors for osteoporosis in Asian and Caucasian girls
    K J MacKelvie
    School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:1818-24. 2001
    ..CONCLUSION: Thus, there was greater ethnic disparity in lifestyle factors related to bone health and absolute measures of bone mineral with advanced maturity...
  6. pmc Results of a 10 week community based strength and balance training programme to reduce fall risk factors: a randomised controlled trial in 65-75 year old women with osteoporosis
    N D Carter
    BC Women's Hospital and Health Centre Osteoporosis Program and Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Br J Sports Med 35:348-51. 2001
    ..However, trends toward improvement in key independent risk factors for falling suggest that a study with greater power may show that these variables can be improved to a level that reaches statistical significance...
  7. doi request reprint Does a novel school-based physical activity model benefit femoral neck bone strength in pre- and early pubertal children?
    H M Macdonald
    Department of Orthopaedics, University of British Columbia, 302 2647 Willow St, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V5Z 3P1
    Osteoporos Int 19:1445-56. 2008
    ..Our intervention also enhanced bone mass accrual by 2-4% at the lumbar spine and total body in boys...
  8. ncbi request reprint A school-based exercise intervention augments bone mineral accrual in early pubertal girls
    K J MacKelvie
    School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    J Pediatr 139:501-8. 2001
    ..05); gain at other sites did not differ. CONCLUSIONS: In girls, early puberty may be a particularly opportune time during growth for simple exercise interventions to have a positive effect on bone health...
  9. doi request reprint Cortical and trabecular bone in the femoral neck both contribute to proximal femur failure load prediction
    S L Manske
    UBC Department of Orthopaedics, Centre for Hip Health and Musculoskeletal Research, Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute, 302 2647 Willow Street, Vancouver, BC V5Z3P1, Canada
    Osteoporos Int 20:445-53. 2009
    ..We found that trabecular bone mineral density explained a significant proportion of variance in failure load after accounting for total bone size and cortical bone mineral content or cortical area...
  10. pmc Does frequency of resistance training affect tibial cortical bone density in older women? A randomized controlled trial
    M C Ashe
    Center for Hip Health and Mobility, 7F 2635 Laurel Street, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 1M9, Canada
    Osteoporos Int 24:623-32. 2013
    ..There was no mean difference in change in tibial cortical vBMD in older women who engaged in resistance training (RT) one or two times/week compared with the control group over 12 months after adjusting for baseline values...
  11. ncbi request reprint Hand dominance and bone response after a distal radial fracture: a peripheral QCT study
    M C Ashe
    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Clin Densitom 10:93-101. 2007
    ..This cross-sectional study suggests that the bone response to a nondominant fracture may differ from a dominant fracture...
  12. doi request reprint Muscle power is related to tibial bone strength in older women
    M C Ashe
    Centre for Hip Health and Mobility, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Osteoporos Int 19:1725-32. 2008
    ..9% in the section modulus after accounting for age, height, weight, and physical activity; moderate to vigorous physical activity was related to muscle power in the lower extremity...
  13. ncbi request reprint Bone geometric response to chronic disuse following stroke: a pQCT study
    M C Ashe
    Department of Family Practice, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1V6
    J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact 6:226-33. 2006
    ..The objectives of this study were to 1) assess volumetric bone geometry and density at the distal radius of individuals with chronic stroke and 2) assess whether bone strength is associated with measures of muscle strength and impairment...
  14. ncbi request reprint Tibial geometry is associated with failure load ex vivo: a MRI, pQCT and DXA study
    D Liu
    Department of Orthopaedics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Osteoporos Int 18:991-7. 2007
    ..Bone geometry, assessed by MRI and pQCT, and bone density, assessed by DXA, were significantly associated with bone's mechanical properties. However, cortical density assessed by pQCT was not associated with mechanical properties...
  15. pmc Is there a critical period for bone response to weight-bearing exercise in children and adolescents? a systematic review
    K J MacKelvie
    School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, 6081 University Boulevard, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1, Canada
    Br J Sports Med 36:250-7; discussion 257. 2002
    ..The effects of hormonal factors and growth on bone mineral change during puberty are examined, and the possibility of a critical period during which bone is especially adaptable to exercise is discussed...
  16. ncbi request reprint Femoral neck cortical geometry measured with magnetic resonance imaging is associated with proximal femur strength
    S L Manske
    Department of Orthopaedics, University of British Columbia, 828 West 10th Avenue, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 1L8, Canada
    Osteoporos Int 17:1539-45. 2006
    ..Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a promising medical imaging technique that we used to assess femoral neck cortical geometry...
  17. ncbi request reprint Bone mineral response to a 7-month randomized controlled, school-based jumping intervention in 121 prepubertal boys: associations with ethnicity and body mass index
    K J MacKelvie
    School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    J Bone Miner Res 17:834-44. 2002
    ..In summary, jumping exercise augmented bone mineral accrual at several regions equally in prepubertal Asian and white boys of average or low BMI, and intervention effects on bone mineral were undetectable in high BMI prepubertal boys...
  18. ncbi request reprint Self-reported lifetime physical activity and areal bone mineral density in healthy postmenopausal women: the importance of teenage activity
    C A Rideout
    Human Nutrition, University of British Columbia, 2205 East Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z4
    Calcif Tissue Int 79:214-22. 2006
    ..Moderate physical activity during years of peak bone acquisition appears to have lasting benefits for lumbar spine and proximal femoral aBMD in postmenopausal women...
  19. ncbi request reprint Change in lean body mass is a major determinant of change in areal bone mineral density of the proximal femur: a 12-year observational study
    T Liu-Ambrose
    UBC Bone Health Research Group Centre for Hip Health, BC Women s Hospital and Health Centre Osteoporosis Program, and Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, 828 West 10th Avenue, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V5Z 1L8
    Calcif Tissue Int 79:145-51. 2006
    ..These novel longitudinal data highlight the important contribution of LBM to the maintenance of proximal femur bone mass at a key time in women's life span, the years surrounding menopause...
  20. pmc Balance confidence improves with resistance or agility training. Increase is not correlated with objective changes in fall risk and physical abilities
    T Liu-Ambrose
    School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Gerontology 50:373-82. 2004
    ..However, there are no prospective reports that correlate change in balance confidence with changes in fall risk and physical abilities as induced by participating in a group-based exercise program...
  21. ncbi request reprint A randomized school-based jumping intervention confers site and maturity-specific benefits on bone structural properties in girls: a hip structural analysis study
    M A Petit
    School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    J Bone Miner Res 17:363-72. 2002
    ..0%, p = 0.04), but not at the IT region. There were no differences at the primarily cortical FS. These data provide insight into geometric changes that underpin exercise-associated gain in bone strength in early-pubertal girls...
  22. ncbi request reprint Muscle cross-sectional area is associated with specific site of bone in prepubertal girls: a quantitative magnetic resonance imaging study
    A Heinonen
    School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Bone 29:388-92. 2001
    ..This relationship was present in a regional, site-specific fashion...
  23. pmc A 19-week exercise program for people with chronic stroke enhances bone geometry at the tibia: a peripheral quantitative computed tomography study
    M Y C Pang
    School of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of British Columbia, T325 2211 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 2B5, Canada
    Osteoporos Int 17:1615-25. 2006
    ..We assessed the impact of a 19-week exercise program on bone health in chronic stroke...
  24. ncbi request reprint Accuracy of pQCT for evaluating the aged human radius: an ashing, histomorphometry and failure load investigation
    M C Ashe
    Department of Family Practice, University of British Columbia, Suite 320 5950 University Blvd, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V6T 1Z3
    Osteoporos Int 17:1241-51. 2006
    ..However, in a compromised osteoporotic bone, thin cortices and low scan resolution can limit accurate analysis...
  25. doi request reprint The challenge of low physical activity during the school day: at recess, lunch and in physical education
    L Nettlefold
    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Br J Sports Med 45:813-9. 2011
    ..To describe physical activity (PA) intensity across a school day and assess the percentage of girls and boys achieving recommended guidelines...
  26. ncbi request reprint Failure characteristics of the thoracic spine with a posteroanterior load: investigating the safety of spinal mobilization
    Meena M Sran
    Division of Orthopaedic Engineering Research, BC Women s Health Centre, Vancouver, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:2382-8. 2004
    ..In vitro biomechanical study of human cadaveric thoracic spine segments and one intact cadaver and applied load measurements in human volunteers...
  27. ncbi request reprint The influence of back pain on balance and functional mobility in 65- to 75-year-old women with osteoporosis
    T Liu-Ambrose
    Fall Free BC Research Group, BC Women s Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Osteoporos Int 13:868-73. 2002
    ..Prospective studies are needed to determine whether pain management will improve balance and functional mobility...
  28. ncbi request reprint Community-dwelling seniors who present to the emergency department with a fall do not receive Guideline care and their fall risk profile worsens significantly: a 6-month prospective study
    A E Salter
    UBC Bone Health Research Group, Centre for Hip Health, Department of Orthopaedics, University of British Columbia and Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute, Vancouver, B C, Canada
    Osteoporos Int 17:672-83. 2006
    ..Fall risk is a major contributor to fracture risk; implementing fall reduction programmes remains a challenge for health professionals and policy-makers...
  29. ncbi request reprint Accuracy of DXA scanning of the thoracic spine: cadaveric studies comparing BMC, areal BMD and geometric estimates of volumetric BMD against ash weight and CT measures of bone volume
    Meena M Sran
    Division of Orthopaedic Engineering Research, Department of Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia and the Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute, Room 500, 828 W 10th Avenue, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 1L8, Canada
    Eur Spine J 14:971-6. 2005
    ..These data suggest that readily available DXA scanning is an appropriate surrogate measure for thoracic spine bone mineral and that the lateral scan might be the scan method of choice...
  30. ncbi request reprint Both resistance and agility training increase cortical bone density in 75- to 85-year-old women with low bone mass: a 6-month randomized controlled trial
    Teresa Y L Liu-Ambrose
    UBC Bone Health Research Group, BC Women s Hospital and Health Centre Osteoporosis Program, Centre for Hip Health, and Faculty of Medicine, School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Clin Densitom 7:390-8. 2004
    ..Future research is needed to determine the mechanism(s) responsible for the observed adaptation of the cortical bone to mechanical loading...
  31. pmc Resistance and agility training reduce fall risk in women aged 75 to 85 with low bone mass: a 6-month randomized, controlled trial
    Teresa Liu-Ambrose
    Bone Health Research Group, British Columbia Women s Hospital and Health Center Osteoporosis Program and Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Am Geriatr Soc 52:657-65. 2004
    ..To compare the effectiveness of group resistance and agility-training programs in reducing fall risk in community-dwelling older women with low bone mass...
  32. ncbi request reprint Is a school-based physical activity intervention effective for increasing tibial bone strength in boys and girls?
    Heather M Macdonald
    School of Human Kinetics, and Department of Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    J Bone Miner Res 22:434-46. 2007
    ..The simple, pragmatic intervention increased distal tibia bone strength in prepubertal boys; it had no effect in early pubertal boys or pre or early pubertal girls...
  33. pmc Reduced hip bone mineral density is related to physical fitness and leg lean mass in ambulatory individuals with chronic stroke
    Marco Y C Pang
    School of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Osteoporos Int 16:1769-79. 2005
    ..325, P<0.001) and lean mass in the paretic leg (r2=0.700, P<0.001). Further study is required to determine whether increasing physical fitness and lean mass are important to improve hip bone health in chronic stroke...
  34. ncbi request reprint Both resistance and agility training reduce back pain and improve health-related quality of life in older women with low bone mass
    Teresa Y L Liu-Ambrose
    UBC Bone Health Research Group, BC Women s Hospital and Health Centre, Osteoporosis Program, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Osteoporos Int 16:1321-9. 2005
    ..Future studies may wish to use individualized quality of life measures to further delineate the effects of different types of exercise on quality of life in older adults with low bone mass...
  35. pmc The beneficial effects of group-based exercises on fall risk profile and physical activity persist 1 year postintervention in older women with low bone mass: follow-up after withdrawal of exercise
    Teresa Y L Liu-Ambrose
    UBC Bone Health Research Group Center for Hip Health, BC Women s Hospital and Health Center Osteoporosis Program, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Am Geriatr Soc 53:1767-73. 2005
    ..To determine whether exercise-induced reductions in fall risk are maintained in older women 1 year after the cessation of three types of interventions--resistance training, agility training, and general stretching...
  36. ncbi request reprint Older women with osteoporosis have increased postural sway and weaker quadriceps strength than counterparts with normal bone mass: overlooked determinants of fracture risk?
    Teresa Liu-Ambrose
    School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 58:M862-6. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare 3 established fall risk factors between these 2 groups of women...
  37. ncbi request reprint Optimizing results from pQCT: reliability of operator-dependent pQCT variables in cadavers and humans with low bone mass
    Maureen C Ashe
    Department of Orthopaedics, University of British Columbia, and British Columbia Women s and Children s Hospital, BC, Canada
    J Clin Densitom 8:335-40. 2005
    ..These results provide a foundation for recommending scan acquisition and analysis options for patients with low bone mass...
  38. ncbi request reprint Examining bone surfaces across puberty: a 20-month pQCT trial
    Saija A Kontulainen
    Department of Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    J Bone Miner Res 20:1202-7. 2005
    ..Boys had a greater magnitude of change at both surfaces, and thus, a greater increase in bone size across puberty. Relative increase in cortical bone area was similar between sexes...
  39. ncbi request reprint Change in cortical bone density and its distribution differs between boys and girls during puberty
    Saija A Kontulainen
    Room 588, Department of Orthopaedics, University of British Columbia, 828 West 10th Avenue, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91:2555-61. 2006
    ..Females' denser cortical bone is thought to serve as a calcium reservoir for reproductive needs. However, prospective data are lacking that describe CoD development and bone mineral density distribution during puberty in both sexes...
  40. ncbi request reprint Bone mass and structure are enhanced following a 2-year randomized controlled trial of exercise in prepubertal boys
    Kerry J MacKelvie
    BC Children s Hospital and Food, Nutrition and Health, University of British Columbia, Canada
    Bone 34:755-64. 2004
    ..In summary, a school-based, high-impact exercise intervention implemented three times a week for 12 min is an effective strategy for site-specific gains in bone strength at the narrow neck region of the proximal femur...
  41. doi request reprint Bone and muscle parameters of the tibia: agreement between the XCT 2000 and XCT 3000 instruments
    Melonie Burrows
    Department of Orthopaedics, Centre for Hip Health and Mobility, Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Clin Densitom 12:186-94. 2009
    ..05). Coefficients of variation were lower than previously reported (0.4-2.4%). For longitudinal studies, the XCT 3000 can replace the XCT 2000 with minimal influence on bone and muscle parameters...
  42. doi request reprint Action Schools! BC: a school-based physical activity intervention designed to decrease cardiovascular disease risk factors in children
    Katharine E Reed
    School of Human Kinetics and Cardiovascular Physiology and Rehabilitation Laboratory, University of British Columbia, Canada
    Prev Med 46:525-31. 2008
    ..Our secondary objective was to determine the percentage of children with elevated CVD risk factors...
  43. ncbi request reprint Predicting physical activity intention and behaviour among children in a longitudinal sample
    Ryan E Rhodes
    University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 62:3146-56. 2006
    ..05). These data suggest that childhood may be a formative stage for the development of physical activity cognitions and that promoting physical activity in children may require normative and control-based intervention...
  44. doi request reprint Exploring moderators of the relationship between physical activity behaviors and television viewing in elementary school children
    Nicole E I Smith
    School of Exercise Science, Physical and Health Education, University of Victoria, Victoria British Columbia, Canada
    Am J Health Promot 22:231-6. 2008
    ....
  45. ncbi request reprint Lessons learned from Action Schools! BC--an 'active school' model to promote physical activity in elementary schools
    Patti Jean Naylor
    School of Physical Education, University of Victoria, PO Box 3015, STN CSC, Victoria, BC, Canada V8W 1L8
    J Sci Med Sport 9:413-23. 2006
    ..The AS! BC model was effective, providing more opportunities for "more children to be more active more often" and as such has the potential to provide health benefits to elementary school children...
  46. ncbi request reprint A school-based exercise intervention elicits substantial bone health benefits: a 2-year randomized controlled trial in girls
    Kerry J MacKelvie
    Endocrinology and Diabetes Unit, British Columbia Children s Hospital and Food, Nutrition and Health, Canada
    Pediatrics 112:e447. 2003
    ..9 +/- 0.6-year-old intervention girls (N = 32) and controls (10.3 +/- 0.4 years, N = 43)...
  47. ncbi request reprint Arterial compliance in young children: the role of aerobic fitness
    Katharine E Reed
    School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 12:492-7. 2005
    ..This investigation sought to determine the predictors of arterial compliance in children, assess the extent to which aerobic fitness is related to compliance, and compare compliance between girls and boys...
  48. pmc A community-based fitness and mobility exercise program for older adults with chronic stroke: a randomized, controlled trial
    Marco Y C Pang
    School of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Am Geriatr Soc 53:1667-74. 2005
    ..To examine the effects of a community-based group exercise program for older individuals with chronic stroke...
  49. ncbi request reprint Action schools! BC--Healthy Eating: effects of a whole-school model to modifying eating behaviours of elementary school children
    Meghan E Day
    School of Physical Education, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC
    Can J Public Health 99:328-31. 2008
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint The influence of dance training on growth and maturation of young females: a mixed longitudinal study
    Bernadette L Matthews
    Centre for Health, Exercise and Sports Medicine, School of Physiotherapy, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Ann Hum Biol 33:342-56. 2006
    ..The effects of systematic sports training during childhood and adolescence on subsequent growth and sexual maturation remains in dispute...
  51. pmc Action Schools! BC: a socioecological approach to modifying chronic disease risk factors in elementary school children
    Patti Jean Naylor
    School of Physical Education, Faculty of Education, University of Victoria, Box 3015, STN CSC, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada V8W 2P1
    Prev Chronic Dis 3:A60. 2006
    ..Socioecological approaches to addressing these threats have been proposed. The school is a critical environment for promoting children's health and provides the opportunity to explore the impact of a socioecological approach...
  52. ncbi request reprint Maturity- and sex-related changes in tibial bone geometry, strength and bone-muscle strength indices during growth: a 20-month pQCT study
    Heather M Macdonald
    School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Bone 36:1003-11. 2005
    ..This study provides novel longitudinal descriptions of the maturity- and sex-specific changes in bone geometry, strength and bone-muscle strength indices...
  53. ncbi request reprint Falls-related self-efficacy is independently associated with balance and mobility in older women with low bone mass
    Teresa Liu-Ambrose
    Department of Family Practice, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Suite 211 2150 Western Parkway, Vancouver, Canada, V6T 1V6
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 61:832-8. 2006
    ....