Stuart McGill

Summary

Affiliation: University of Waterloo
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Quantifying tissue loads and spine stability while performing commonly prescribed low back stabilization exercises
    Natasa Kavcic
    Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:2319-29. 2004
  2. ncbi request reprint Quantifying muscle patterns and spine load during various forms of the push-up
    Stephanie Freeman
    Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:570-7. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint Quantification of lumbar stability by using 2 different abdominal activation strategies
    Sylvain G Grenier
    Spine Biomechanics Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo, ON, Canada
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 88:54-62. 2007
  4. ncbi request reprint A kinetic and electromyographic comparison of the standing cable press and bench press
    Juan Carlos Santana
    Institute of Human Performance, Boca Raton, Florida 33432, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 21:1271-7. 2007
  5. doi request reprint Low back loads while walking and carrying: comparing the load carried in one hand or in both hands
    Stuart M McGill
    Spine Biomechanics Laboratories, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave West, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, N2L 3G1
    Ergonomics 56:293-302. 2013
  6. doi request reprint Kettlebell swing, snatch, and bottoms-up carry: back and hip muscle activation, motion, and low back loads
    Stuart M McGill
    Spine Biomechanics Laboratories, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 26:16-27. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Using a pneumatic support to correct sitting posture for prolonged periods: a study using airline seats
    Stuart M McGill
    Spine Biomechanics Laboratories, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Ergonomics 52:1162-8. 2009
  8. doi request reprint Comparison of different strongman events: trunk muscle activation and lumbar spine motion, load, and stiffness
    Stuart M McGill
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 23:1148-61. 2009
  9. ncbi request reprint Distribution of tissue loads in the low back during a variety of daily and rehabilitation tasks
    S M McGill
    Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo, ON, Canada
    J Rehabil Res Dev 34:448-58. 1997
  10. doi request reprint Evolving ergonomics?
    Stuart M McGill
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada
    Ergonomics 52:80-6. 2009

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications63

  1. ncbi request reprint Quantifying tissue loads and spine stability while performing commonly prescribed low back stabilization exercises
    Natasa Kavcic
    Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:2319-29. 2004
    ..A quantitative biomechanical comparison of seven different lumbar spine "stabilization exercises."..
  2. ncbi request reprint Quantifying muscle patterns and spine load during various forms of the push-up
    Stephanie Freeman
    Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:570-7. 2006
    ..We also sought to quantify their impact on spinal loading by calculating spinal compression and torque generation in the L4-5 area...
  3. ncbi request reprint Quantification of lumbar stability by using 2 different abdominal activation strategies
    Sylvain G Grenier
    Spine Biomechanics Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo, ON, Canada
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 88:54-62. 2007
    ..To determine whether the abdominal hollowing technique is more effective for lumbar spine stabilization than a full abdominal muscle cocontraction...
  4. ncbi request reprint A kinetic and electromyographic comparison of the standing cable press and bench press
    Juan Carlos Santana
    Institute of Human Performance, Boca Raton, Florida 33432, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 21:1271-7. 2007
    ..This has implications for the utility of these exercise approaches to achieve different training goals...
  5. doi request reprint Low back loads while walking and carrying: comparing the load carried in one hand or in both hands
    Stuart M McGill
    Spine Biomechanics Laboratories, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave West, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, N2L 3G1
    Ergonomics 56:293-302. 2013
    ..Balancing the load between both hands when carrying material has merit and should be considered when designing work...
  6. doi request reprint Kettlebell swing, snatch, and bottoms-up carry: back and hip muscle activation, motion, and low back loads
    Stuart M McGill
    Spine Biomechanics Laboratories, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 26:16-27. 2012
    ..Thus, quantitative analysis provides an insight into why many individuals credit kettlebell swings with restoring and enhancing back health and function, although a few find that they irritate tissues...
  7. doi request reprint Using a pneumatic support to correct sitting posture for prolonged periods: a study using airline seats
    Stuart M McGill
    Spine Biomechanics Laboratories, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Ergonomics 52:1162-8. 2009
    ..While it is not known why airline seats are designed with no lumbar support, which causes excessive lumbar flexion while seated, the pneumatic support corrected this deficit. Reclining the seatback enhanced this effect...
  8. doi request reprint Comparison of different strongman events: trunk muscle activation and lumbar spine motion, load, and stiffness
    Stuart M McGill
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 23:1148-61. 2009
    ..This analysis also documented the technique components of successful, joint-sparing, strongman event strategies...
  9. ncbi request reprint Distribution of tissue loads in the low back during a variety of daily and rehabilitation tasks
    S M McGill
    Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo, ON, Canada
    J Rehabil Res Dev 34:448-58. 1997
    ..Specific data are provided to guide selection of various abdominal and low back exercises. Finally, some hypotheses and opinions are offered for possible improvements in clinical success...
  10. doi request reprint Evolving ergonomics?
    Stuart M McGill
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada
    Ergonomics 52:80-6. 2009
    ..Finally, some thoughts on implementing such an approach are expressed. This is a review and position paper written in honour of Professor Don Chaffin's career...
  11. ncbi request reprint Personal and psychosocial variables in workers with a previous history of LBP: 16-month follow-up
    Stuart McGill
    Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo, Canada N2L 3G1
    Ergonomics 48:200-6. 2005
    ..It was concluded that time and work appear to be healing...
  12. ncbi request reprint Exercises for the torso performed in a standing posture: spine and hip motion and motor patterns and spine load
    Stuart M McGill
    Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Spine Biomechanics Laboratories, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 23:455-64. 2009
    ....
  13. doi request reprint Exercises for spine stabilization: motion/motor patterns, stability progressions, and clinical technique
    Stuart M McGill
    Department of Kinesiology, Spine Biomechanics Laboratory, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 90:118-26. 2009
    ..To quantify several forms of the curl-up, side-bridge, and birddog exercises (muscle activity and 3-dimensional [3D] spine position) including some corrective techniques to assist clinical decision-making...
  14. ncbi request reprint Coordination of muscle activity to assure stability of the lumbar spine
    Stuart M McGill
    Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 13:353-9. 2003
    ..This has implications on both the prevention of instability and clinical interventions with patients susceptible to sustaining unstable events...
  15. ncbi request reprint Three-dimensional kinematics and trunk muscle myoelectric activity in the elderly spine - a database compared to young people
    S M McGill
    Occupational Biomechanics Laboratory, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ont, Canada
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 14:389-95. 1999
    ..To establish a database of lumbar spine kinematics and muscle activation profiles for a healthy elderly population...
  16. ncbi request reprint Lumbar erector spinae oxygenation during prolonged contractions: implications for prolonged work
    S M McGill
    Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Canada
    Ergonomics 43:486-93. 2000
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Changes in lumbar lordosis modify the role of the extensor muscles
    S M McGill
    Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Department of Kinesiology, Occupational Biomechanics Laboratory, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, N2L 3G1, Ontario, Canada
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 15:777-80. 2000
    ..Fiber angles of longissimus thoracis and iliocostalis lumborum at L3 were documented in vivo, using high resolution ultrasound, with the lumbar spine in neutral curve and when fully flexed...
  18. doi request reprint Ballistic abdominal exercises: muscle activation patterns during three activities along the stability/mobility continuum
    Stuart M McGill
    Department of Kinesiology, Spine Biomechanics Laboratories, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 23:898-905. 2009
    ..Thus, a different intensity of abdominal bracing is required to achieve the different objectives of sports tasks and exercises...
  19. ncbi request reprint Low back exercises: evidence for improving exercise regimens
    S M McGill
    Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Phys Ther 78:754-65. 1998
    ..These exercises form a basic program for rehabilitation and maintenance of low back health...
  20. ncbi request reprint Previous history of LBP with work loss is related to lingering deficits in biomechanical, physiological, personal, psychosocial and motor control characteristics
    Stuart McGill
    Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 3G1
    Ergonomics 46:731-46. 2003
    ..Having a history of LBD is associated with changes in attitudes, in body composition, and in the way people move, load their backs and respond to a variety of motor and stability challenges...
  21. ncbi request reprint Traction may enhance the imaging of spine injuries with plane radiographs: implications for the laboratory versus the clinic
    S M McGill
    Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Ont, Canada
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 14:291-5. 1999
    ..It was hypothesized that traction loads would enhance injury manifestation on planar radiographic images...
  22. ncbi request reprint Movement quality and links to measures of fitness in firefighters
    Stuart McGill
    Spine Biomechanics Laboratories, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada
    Work 45:357-66. 2013
    ..Given the possible links between movement, fitness and injury, the goal of this study was to evaluate strength, endurance, and hip range of motion (ROM) (i.e. fitness); movement quality; and age in a population of firefighters...
  23. doi request reprint Is there a low-back cost to hip-centric exercise? Quantifying the lumbar spine joint compression and shear forces during movements used to overload the hips
    David M Frost
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    J Sports Sci 30:859-70. 2012
    ..Before using any exercise to improve hip function, the potential benefits should be weighed against "costs" to neighbouring joints...
  24. ncbi request reprint Effects of different levels of torso coactivation on trunk muscular and kinematic responses to posteriorly applied sudden loads
    Francisco J Vera-Garcia
    Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Spine Biomechanics Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave W, Waterloo, ON, Canada N2L 3G1
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 21:443-55. 2006
    ..However, the effects of different levels of muscle coactivation, and resulting spine loads, on the response to a perturbation of the externally unloaded trunk are unclear...
  25. ncbi request reprint Trunk muscle activation patterns, lumbar compressive forces, and spine stability when using the bodyblade
    Janice M Moreside
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Phys Ther 87:153-63. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to analyze the trunk muscle activation patterns, spine kinematics, and lumbar compressive forces that occur when using the Bodyblade, a popular tool in physical medicine clinics...
  26. ncbi request reprint How the inherent stiffness of the in vivo human trunk varies with changing magnitudes of muscular activation
    Stephen H M Brown
    Spine Biomechanics Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave W, Waterloo, ON, Canada N2L 3G1
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 23:15-22. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine stiffness inherent to the trunk, as modified by different torso, and in particular, abdominal muscle activation levels...
  27. ncbi request reprint Effects of abdominal muscle coactivation on the externally preloaded trunk: variations in motor control and its effect on spine stability
    Stephen H M Brown
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 31:E387-93. 2006
    ..A repeated measures biomechanical analysis of the effects of abdominal bracing in preparation for a quick release of the loaded trunk...
  28. doi request reprint Extent of nucleus pulposus migration in the annulus of porcine intervertebral discs exposed to cyclic flexion only versus cyclic flexion and extension
    Christian Balkovec
    University of Waterloo, Canada
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 27:766-70. 2012
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Torso and hip muscle activity and resulting spine load and stability while using the ProFitter 3-D Cross Trainer
    Priyanka Banerjee
    Spine Biomechanics Laboratory, Dept of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, ON, Canada
    J Appl Biomech 25:73-84. 2009
    ..This information will assist with clinical decision making about the utility of the device and exercise technique in rehabilitation and training programs...
  30. ncbi request reprint Comparison of different rowing exercises: trunk muscle activation and lumbar spine motion, load, and stiffness
    Chad M J Fenwick
    Department of Kinesiology, Spine Biomechanics Laboratories, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 23:350-8. 2009
    ..If torsional endurance or strength is the training goal, the 1-armed cable row might be considered...
  31. ncbi request reprint Low-back stiffness is altered with warm-up and bench rest: implications for athletes
    Jason P Green
    Spine Biomechanics Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canda
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:1076-81. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a warm-up followed by bench rest on the stiffness of the lumbar spine in athletes...
  32. doi request reprint Transmission of muscularly generated force and stiffness between layers of the rat abdominal wall
    Stephen H M Brown
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 34:E70-5. 2009
    ..In situ testing of the rat abdominal wall...
  33. doi request reprint An ultrasound investigation into the morphology of the human abdominal wall uncovers complex deformation patterns during contraction
    Stephen H M Brown
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1, Canada
    Eur J Appl Physiol 104:1021-30. 2008
    ....
  34. doi request reprint Evidence of a double peak in muscle activation to enhance strike speed and force: an example with elite mixed martial arts fighters
    Stuart M McGill
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 24:348-57. 2010
    ....
  35. doi request reprint The intrinsic stiffness of the in vivo lumbar spine in response to quick releases: implications for reflexive requirements
    Stephen H M Brown
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave West, Waterloo, ON, Canada N2L 3G1
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 19:727-36. 2009
    ..Voluntary muscular responses were more apparent than reflexive responses, but occurred too late and of too low magnitude to sufficiently make up for the limited reflexes...
  36. ncbi request reprint The influence of static axial torque in combined loading on intervertebral joint failure mechanics using a porcine model
    Janessa D M Drake
    Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ont, Canada N2L 3G1
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 20:1038-45. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the role of static axial torque on the failure mechanics of the intervertebral joint under repetitive combined loading...
  37. doi request reprint The relationship between general measures of fitness, passive range of motion and whole-body movement quality
    David Frost
    Spine Biomechanics Laboratories, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Ergonomics 56:637-49. 2013
    ..In general, fitness and ROM were not strongly related to the movement quality of any task. This has implications for worker training, in that strategies developed to improve ROM or strength about a joint may not enhance movement quality...
  38. doi request reprint A comparison of ultrasound and electromyography measures of force and activation to examine the mechanics of abdominal wall contraction
    Stephen H M Brown
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 25:115-23. 2010
    ..Typically, changes in muscle thickness are obtained and interpreted. However, the link between ultrasound measures of muscle thickening and EMG measures of activation is not clear...
  39. ncbi request reprint Determining the stabilizing role of individual torso muscles during rehabilitation exercises
    Natasa Kavcic
    University of Waterloo, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:1254-65. 2004
    ..A systematic biomechanical analysis involving an artificial perturbation applied to individual lumbar muscles in order to assess their potential stabilizing role...
  40. ncbi request reprint Muscle force-stiffness characteristics influence joint stability: a spine example
    Stephen H M Brown
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ont, Canada N2L 3G1
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 20:917-22. 2005
    ..Under conditions of static equilibrium, a muscle's stiffness will function in a stabilizing manner, while its force can function in either a stabilizing or destabilizing manner depending on the muscle's orientation about the joint...
  41. ncbi request reprint Neuromuscular independence of abdominal wall muscles as demonstrated by middle-eastern style dancers
    Janice M Moreside
    Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada N2L 3G1
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 18:527-37. 2008
    ..Evidence of significantly different activation levels (% MVC) between URA/LRA was demonstrated in eight conditions, all of which required various pelvis movements with minimal thorax motion...
  42. ncbi request reprint Relationships between lumbar flexibility, sit-and-reach test, and a previous history of low back discomfort in industrial workers
    Sylvain G Grenier
    Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Dept of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1
    Can J Appl Physiol 28:165-77. 2003
    ..42) surfaced between S&R and lumbar flexibility. This study suggests that the value of S&R as an indicator of previous back discomfort is questionable and there may be better indicators for inclusion in the CPAFLA...
  43. doi request reprint Comparison of different rowing exercises: trunk muscle activation and lumbar spine motion, load, and stiffness
    Chad M J Fenwick
    Department of Kinesiology, Spine Biomechanics Laboratories, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 23:1408-17. 2009
    ..If torsional endurance or strength is the training goal, the 1-armed cable row might be considered...
  44. ncbi request reprint Links between the mechanics of ventilation and spine stability
    Simon Wang
    Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, ON, Canada
    J Appl Biomech 24:166-74. 2008
    ..Those interested in rehabilitation of patients with lung compromise and concomitant back troubles would be assisted with knowledge of the mechanical links between ventilation during tasks that impose spine loading...
  45. ncbi request reprint Co-activation alters the linear versus non-linear impression of the EMG-torque relationship of trunk muscles
    Stephen H M Brown
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave W, Waterloo, Ont, Canada N2L 3G1
    J Biomech 41:491-7. 2008
    ..Therefore, it was concluded that antagonist muscle co-activation must be included when determining the EMG-moment relationship of trunk muscles and that previous impressions of non-linear EMG-force relationships should be revisited...
  46. doi request reprint The refractory period of the audible "crack" after lumbar manipulation: a preliminary study
    David E Bereznick
    Department of Applied Chiropractic, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 31:199-203. 2008
    ..This study evaluates if side posture lumbar manipulation is associated with a refractory period of the audible "crack" and if so, to quantify this refractory period across subjects...
  47. ncbi request reprint Lumbar posture--should it, and can it, be modified? A study of passive tissue stiffness and lumbar position during activities of daily living
    Joan P Scannell
    University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Phys Ther 83:907-17. 2003
    ..To investigate the physical therapy clinical practice of attempting to "improve" lumbar posture, measures of passive tissue stiffness and angular deformation during activities of daily living were used...
  48. ncbi request reprint Pushing and pulling: personal mechanics influence spine loads
    Kelly K Lett
    Spine Biomechanics Laboratory, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, N2L 3G1
    Ergonomics 49:895-908. 2006
    ..In order to create safer working environments, education on proper pushing and pulling techniques is very important--more important than the physical variables in many cases...
  49. doi request reprint Arthrogenic neuromusculature inhibition: a foundational investigation of existence in the hip joint
    Stephanie Freeman
    Department of Kinesiology, Spine Biomechanics Laboratory, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 28:171-7. 2013
    ..This study investigated whether arthrogenic neuromuscular inhibition occurred about the hip following instillation of intra-articular fluid during functional hip extension tasks...
  50. ncbi request reprint Vertebral end-plate fractures as a result of high rate pressure loading in the nucleus of the young adult porcine spine
    Stephen H M Brown
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave W, Waterloo, ON, Canada N2L 3G1
    J Biomech 41:122-7. 2008
    ..This provides insight into a mechanism of fracture development through pressurization of the nucleus that might be seen in older adolescents and younger adults during athletic events or mild trauma...
  51. ncbi request reprint The frictional properties at the thoracic skin-fascia interface: implications in spine manipulation
    David E Bereznick
    Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Department of Kinesiology, Spine Biomechanics Laboratory, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 17:297-303. 2002
    ..To assess the friction at the thoracic skin-fascia interface to determine the potential reaction force vectors during thoracic manual therapy...
  52. ncbi request reprint Linking latest knowledge of injury mechanisms and spine function to the prevention of low back disorders
    Stuart M McGill
    Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 3G1
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 14:43-7. 2004
    ..The objective is to better link recently discovered mechanisms of injury and spine tissue health with injury risk reducing approaches...
  53. doi request reprint The role of axial torque in disc herniation
    Leigh W Marshall
    University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 25:6-9. 2010
    ..This study investigated the role of repeated dynamic axial torque/twist combined with repeated flexion on the disc herniation mechanism...
  54. ncbi request reprint Determining cavitation location during lumbar and thoracic spinal manipulation: is spinal manipulation accurate and specific?
    J Kim Ross
    Spine Biomechanics Laboratory, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:1452-7. 2004
    ..Twenty-eight different clinicians performed thoracic and lumbar spinal manipulative procedures. The range of clinical experience was 1 to 43 years...
  55. doi request reprint The influence of intervertebral disc shape on the pathway of posterior/posterolateral partial herniation
    Justin P Yates
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 35:734-9. 2010
    ..Basic scientific investigation employing the medical imaging techniques of contrast-enhanced plane film radiographs and computed tomography in addition to gross dissection techniques on a sample of spines...
  56. doi request reprint Disc prolapse: evidence of reversal with repeated extension
    Joan P Scannell
    Faculty of Applied Health Science, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 34:344-50. 2009
    ..A basic science study that used a porcine cervical spine model to produce disc prolapse subsequently exposed to an extension protocol...
  57. ncbi request reprint The direction of progressive herniation in porcine spine motion segments is influenced by the orientation of the bending axis
    Crystal D Aultman
    Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ont, Canada N2L 3G1
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 20:126-9. 2005
    ..Our purpose was to determine if the direction that the nucleus tracks through the annulus during progressive herniation is predictable from the direction of bending motion (i.e. a specific side with posterio-lateral herniation)...
  58. ncbi request reprint The effect of static torsion on the compressive strength of the spine: an in vitro analysis using a porcine spine model
    Crystal D Aultman
    Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:E304-9. 2004
    ..Matched porcine cervical spine motion segments were subjected to two main conditions and compared: axial compression and axial compression combined with varying axial torque...
  59. ncbi request reprint Postural control of the lumbar spine in unstable sitting
    Richard A Preuss
    School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 86:2309-15. 2005
    ..To evaluate the neuromuscular strategy adopted during sitting balance on an unstable surface in the frontal plane...
  60. ncbi request reprint Preliminary development of a clinical prediction rule for determining which patients with low back pain will respond to a stabilization exercise program
    Gregory E Hicks
    Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 86:1753-62. 2005
    ..To develop a clinical prediction rule to predict treatment response to a stabilization exercise program for patients with low back pain (LBP)...
  61. ncbi request reprint Effects of abdominal stabilization maneuvers on the control of spine motion and stability against sudden trunk perturbations
    Francisco J Vera-Garcia
    Area de Educación Física y Deportiva del Departamento de Arte, Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales y Jurídicas, Universidad Miguel Hernandez de Elche, Avda de la Universidad s n, C P 03202, Elche, Alicante, Spain
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 17:556-67. 2007
    ..When the timing of the perturbation was known, the participants were able to stabilize the trunk while imposing smaller spine compressive loads...
  62. ncbi request reprint Point of view
    Stuart M McGill
    Professor of Spine Biomechanics University of Waterloo Ontario, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:1754. 2002
  63. ncbi request reprint Spine stability and the role of many muscles
    Stephen H Brown
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 86:1890; author reply 1890-1. 2005