Cyril Kendall

Summary

Affiliation: University of Toronto
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Resistant starches and health
    Cyril W C Kendall
    University of Toronto, Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 3E2 Canada
    J AOAC Int 87:769-74. 2004
  2. pmc Adding monounsaturated fatty acids to a dietary portfolio of cholesterol-lowering foods in hypercholesterolemia
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Centre, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ont, Canada
    CMAJ 182:1961-7. 2010
  3. pmc Nuts as a replacement for carbohydrates in the diabetic diet
    David J A Jenkins
    St Michael s Hospital Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Diabetes Care 34:1706-11. 2011
  4. pmc Heterogeneous effects of fructose on blood lipids in individuals with type 2 diabetes: systematic review and meta-analysis of experimental trials in humans
    John L Sievenpiper
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Centre, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Diabetes Care 32:1930-7. 2009
  5. pmc Associations of glycemic index and load with coronary heart disease events: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohorts
    Arash Mirrahimi
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Am Heart Assoc 1:e000752. 2012
  6. ncbi request reprint A dietary portfolio: maximal reduction of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol with diet
    Cyril W C Kendall
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, 150 College Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3E2, Canada
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 6:492-8. 2004
  7. ncbi request reprint Effect of novel maize-based dietary fibers on postprandial glycemia and insulinemia
    Cyril W C Kendall
    Department ofNutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Glycemia Consulting, Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Am Coll Nutr 27:711-8. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint Viscous and nonviscous fibres, nonabsorbable and low glycaemic index carbohydrates, blood lipids and coronary heart disease
    D J Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, and Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Curr Opin Lipidol 11:49-56. 2000
  9. ncbi request reprint Health benefits of nuts in prevention and management of diabetes
    Cyril W C Kendall
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5S 3E2
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 19:110-6. 2010
  10. doi request reprint Nuts, metabolic syndrome and diabetes
    Cyril W C Kendall
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S 3E2
    Br J Nutr 104:465-73. 2010

Detail Information

Publications72

  1. ncbi request reprint Resistant starches and health
    Cyril W C Kendall
    University of Toronto, Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 3E2 Canada
    J AOAC Int 87:769-74. 2004
    ..However, as recent positive research findings continue to mount, there is reason for optimism over the possible health advantages of those resistant starches, which are slowly digested in the small intestine...
  2. pmc Adding monounsaturated fatty acids to a dietary portfolio of cholesterol-lowering foods in hypercholesterolemia
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Centre, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ont, Canada
    CMAJ 182:1961-7. 2010
    ....
  3. pmc Nuts as a replacement for carbohydrates in the diabetic diet
    David J A Jenkins
    St Michael s Hospital Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Diabetes Care 34:1706-11. 2011
    ..Therefore, we assessed the effect of mixed nut consumption as a source of vegetable fat on serum lipids and HbA(1c) in type 2 diabetes...
  4. pmc Heterogeneous effects of fructose on blood lipids in individuals with type 2 diabetes: systematic review and meta-analysis of experimental trials in humans
    John L Sievenpiper
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Centre, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Diabetes Care 32:1930-7. 2009
    ....
  5. pmc Associations of glycemic index and load with coronary heart disease events: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohorts
    Arash Mirrahimi
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Am Heart Assoc 1:e000752. 2012
    ..Glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) have been associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) risk in some but not all cohort studies. We therefore assessed the association of GI and GL with CHD risk in prospective cohorts...
  6. ncbi request reprint A dietary portfolio: maximal reduction of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol with diet
    Cyril W C Kendall
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, 150 College Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3E2, Canada
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 6:492-8. 2004
    ..These reductions were the same as found with a starting dose of a first-generation statin drug...
  7. ncbi request reprint Effect of novel maize-based dietary fibers on postprandial glycemia and insulinemia
    Cyril W C Kendall
    Department ofNutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Glycemia Consulting, Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Am Coll Nutr 27:711-8. 2008
    ..Postprandial hyperglycemia has been associated with increased oxidative stress and the development of diabetes, heart disease and all-cause mortality...
  8. ncbi request reprint Viscous and nonviscous fibres, nonabsorbable and low glycaemic index carbohydrates, blood lipids and coronary heart disease
    D J Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, and Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Curr Opin Lipidol 11:49-56. 2000
    ..In larger cohort studies, low glycaemic index foods or low glycaemic load diets have been associated with higher HDL-cholesterol levels and reduced incidence of diabetes and cardiovascular disease...
  9. ncbi request reprint Health benefits of nuts in prevention and management of diabetes
    Cyril W C Kendall
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5S 3E2
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 19:110-6. 2010
    ..Overall, there are good reasons to justify further exploration of the use of nuts in the prevention of diabetes and its micro- and macrovascular complications...
  10. doi request reprint Nuts, metabolic syndrome and diabetes
    Cyril W C Kendall
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S 3E2
    Br J Nutr 104:465-73. 2010
    ....
  11. doi request reprint The glycemic effect of nut-enriched meals in healthy and diabetic subjects
    C W C Kendall
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 21:S34-9. 2011
    ..One potential contributing mechanism may be the ability of nuts to improve post-meal glycemic response. We, therefore, examined the effect of nuts alone and in combination with white bread on postprandial glycemia...
  12. doi request reprint The impact of pistachio intake alone or in combination with high-carbohydrate foods on post-prandial glycemia
    C W C Kendall
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Eur J Clin Nutr 65:696-702. 2011
    ..This may be achieved by addition of high-quality protein and fat contained in pistachio nuts, to carbohydrate-containing foods or meals...
  13. doi request reprint Effect of a dietary portfolio of cholesterol-lowering foods given at 2 levels of intensity of dietary advice on serum lipids in hyperlipidemia: a randomized controlled trial
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, 61 Queen St E, Toronto, ON M5C 2T2, Canada
    JAMA 306:831-9. 2011
    ..Combining foods with recognized cholesterol-lowering properties (dietary portfolio) has proven highly effective in lowering serum cholesterol under metabolically controlled conditions...
  14. ncbi request reprint Health effects of mixed fruit and vegetable concentrates: a systematic review of the clinical interventions
    Amin Esfahani
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Am Coll Nutr 30:285-94. 2011
    ..Mechanistic studies and larger, randomized, placebo-controlled double-blind trials in both healthy and high-risk populations are necessary to better understand the health effects of these supplements...
  15. ncbi request reprint Effects of a dietary portfolio of cholesterol-lowering foods vs lovastatin on serum lipids and C-reactive protein
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    JAMA 290:502-10. 2003
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint Direct comparison of a dietary portfolio of cholesterol-lowering foods with a statin in hypercholesterolemic participants
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:380-7. 2005
    ..Newer dietary approaches combining cholesterol-lowering foods may offer another option, but these approaches have not been compared directly with statins in the same persons...
  17. ncbi request reprint Glycemic index: overview of implications in health and disease
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital and Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:266S-73S. 2002
    ..Despite inconsistencies in the data, sufficient, positive findings have emerged to suggest that the dietary glycemic index is of potential importance in the treatment and prevention of chronic diseases...
  18. ncbi request reprint Effect of plant sterols in combination with other cholesterol-lowering foods
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5C 2T2
    Metabolism 57:130-9. 2008
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Dose response of almonds on coronary heart disease risk factors: blood lipids, oxidized low-density lipoproteins, lipoprotein(a), homocysteine, and pulmonary nitric oxide: a randomized, controlled, crossover trial
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Circulation 106:1327-32. 2002
    ..Furthermore, the effective dose is still unknown...
  20. ncbi request reprint Effect of wheat bran on glycemic control and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Diabetes Care 25:1522-8. 2002
    ..Cohort studies indicate that cereal fiber reduces the risk of diabetes and coronary heart disease (CHD). Therefore, we assessed the effect of wheat bran on glycemic control and CHD risk factors in type 2 diabetes...
  21. pmc Fish-oil supplementation in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators: a meta-analysis
    David J A Jenkins
    Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 178:157-64. 2008
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Almonds decrease postprandial glycemia, insulinemia, and oxidative damage in healthy individuals
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center and 3Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario M5C 2T2, Canada
    J Nutr 136:2987-92. 2006
    ..Almonds are likely to lower this risk by decreasing the glycemic excursion and by providing antioxidants. These actions may relate to mechanisms by which nuts are associated with a decreased risk of CHD...
  23. ncbi request reprint Effect of almonds on insulin secretion and insulin resistance in nondiabetic hyperlipidemic subjects: a randomized controlled crossover trial
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5C 2T2
    Metabolism 57:882-7. 2008
    ..004, respectively). We conclude that reductions in 24-hour insulin secretion appear to be a further metabolic advantage of nuts that in the longer term may help to explain the association of nut consumption with reduced CHD risk...
  24. ncbi request reprint The portfolio diet for cardiovascular risk reduction
    David J A Jenkins
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, 150 College Street, Room 340, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 3E2, Canada
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 9:501-7. 2007
    ..This approach has increased the potential relevance of dietary therapy and may yield nutrition strategies that bridge the gap between what is regarded as a good diet and drug therapy...
  25. ncbi request reprint Psychological, physiological, and drug interventions for type 2 diabetes
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario M5C 2T2, Canada
    Lancet 363:1569-70. 2004
  26. ncbi request reprint Effects of high- and low-isoflavone soyfoods on blood lipids, oxidized LDL, homocysteine, and blood pressure in hyperlipidemic men and women
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:365-72. 2002
    ..Many of the benefits of soy have been attributed to soy isoflavones...
  27. ncbi request reprint Effect of high vegetable protein diets on urinary calcium loss in middle-aged men and women
    D J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Eur J Clin Nutr 57:376-82. 2003
    ..To determine the effect of high-protein diets, which have recently been promoted for their health benefits, on urinary calcium losses and bone turnover in older subjects...
  28. ncbi request reprint Fat versus carbohydrate in insulin resistance, obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease
    Tony Hung
    Faculty of Medicine, and Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 6:165-76. 2003
    ..This review assesses the relative effect of fat versus carbohydrate and the differences between fatty acids and types of carbohydrate on insulin resistance and associated risk factors for diabetes and cardiovascular disease...
  29. ncbi request reprint Methodology for adding glycemic load values to the National Cancer Institute Diet History Questionnaire database
    Andrew Flood
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55454, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 106:393-402. 2006
    ..A growing interest exists in using glycemic index and glycemic load as potentially important exposures in investigations of risk for a variety of chronic diseases...
  30. ncbi request reprint Effect of antibiotics as cholesterol-lowering agents
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5C 2TC
    Metabolism 54:103-12. 2005
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Carbohydrate, glycemic index, and glycemic load and colorectal adenomas in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Screening Study
    Andrew Flood
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:1184-92. 2006
    ..It is possible that high-glycemic-load diets, through their hyperinsulinemic effects, can increase the risk of colorectal cancer...
  32. ncbi request reprint High-complex carbohydrate or lente carbohydrate foods?
    David J A Jenkins
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Med 113:30S-37S. 2002
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Soy consumption and phytoestrogens: effect on serum prostate specific antigen when blood lipids and oxidized low-density lipoprotein are reduced in hyperlipidemic men
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, 61 Queen St East, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5C 2T2
    J Urol 169:507-11. 2003
    ..Soy proteins used to lower serum cholesterol are rich sources of phytoestrogens. Therefore, we assessed the effect of soy consumption on serum PSA in men who had participated in cholesterol lowering studies...
  34. ncbi request reprint Glycemic index, glycemic load and risk of prostate cancer
    Livia S A Augustin
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Int J Cancer 112:446-50. 2004
    ..No heterogeneity was found among strata of selected covariates. We found direct relations between dietary GI and GL and prostate cancer risk. Correcting for potential confounding factors did not substantially modify these associations...
  35. ncbi request reprint Almonds and postprandial glycemia--a dose-response study
    Andrea R Josse
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5C 2T2
    Metabolism 56:400-4. 2007
    ..0), and 90-g (45.2 +/- 5.8) doses of almonds (r = -0.524, n = 36, P = .001). We conclude that, in addition to lowering serum cholesterol levels, almonds may also reduce the glycemic impact of carbohydrate foods with which they are eaten...
  36. ncbi request reprint Influence of selected lifestyle factors on risk of acute myocardial infarction in subjects with familial predisposition for the disease
    Alessandra Tavani
    Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, 20157 Milan, Italy
    Prev Med 38:468-72. 2004
    ..The joint effect of family history of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and selected adult life risk factors on the risk of the disease is not clear...
  37. ncbi request reprint Glycemic index and load and risk of upper aero-digestive tract neoplasms (Italy)
    Livia S A Augustin
    Servizio di Epidemiologia e Biostatistica, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico, Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Aviano, Italy
    Cancer Causes Control 14:657-62. 2003
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint The garden of Eden: plant-based diets, the genetic drive to store fat and conserve cholesterol, and implications for epidemiology in the 21st century
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Epidemiology 17:128-30. 2006
  39. ncbi request reprint The Garden of Eden--plant based diets, the genetic drive to conserve cholesterol and its implications for heart disease in the 21st century
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, 61 Queen Street East, Ont, M5C 2T2, Toronto, Canada
    Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 136:141-51. 2003
    ....
  40. ncbi request reprint Comparison of a dietary portfolio diet of cholesterol-lowering foods and a statin on LDL particle size phenotype in hypercholesterolaemic participants
    Iris Gigleux
    Institute of Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods, Laval University, Quebec, Canada
    Br J Nutr 98:1229-36. 2007
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint Nonalcoholic fatty liver, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, ectopic fat, and the glycemic index
    David J A Jenkins
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:3-4. 2006
  42. ncbi request reprint Importance of weight management in type 2 diabetes: review with meta-analysis of clinical studies
    James W Anderson
    Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 22:331-9. 2003
    ..Weight management may be the most important therapeutic task for most obese Type 2 diabetic individuals...
  43. ncbi request reprint Type 2 diabetes and the vegetarian diet
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:610S-616S. 2003
    ..It is anticipated that their combined use in vegetarian diets will produce very significant metabolic advantages for the prevention and treatment of diabetes and its complications...
  44. ncbi request reprint Almonds reduce biomarkers of lipid peroxidation in older hyperlipidemic subjects
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario M5C 2T2
    J Nutr 138:908-13. 2008
    ..Antioxidant activity provides an additional possible mechanism, in addition to lowering cholesterol, that may account for the reduction in CHD risk with nut consumption...
  45. ncbi request reprint Role of cell walls in the bioaccessibility of lipids in almond seeds
    Peter R Ellis
    Biopolymers Group, Department of Life Sciences, King s College London, University of London, 150 Stamford Street, London SE1 9NN, UK
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:604-13. 2004
    ..A crucial and relevant aspect is the amount of these dietary components available for absorption in the intestine, which is a concept referred to as bioaccessibility...
  46. ncbi request reprint Possible benefit of nuts in type 2 diabetes
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    J Nutr 138:1752S-1756S. 2008
    ....
  47. ncbi request reprint Effects of high- and low-isoflavone (phytoestrogen) soy foods on inflammatory biomarkers and proinflammatory cytokines in middle-aged men and women
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, and the Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Metabolism 51:919-24. 2002
    ....
  48. ncbi request reprint Soluble fiber intake at a dose approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for a claim of health benefits: serum lipid risk factors for cardiovascular disease assessed in a randomized controlled crossover trial
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael sHospital, Toronto
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:834-9. 2002
    ..The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved health claims for 2 dietary fibers, beta-glucan (0.75 g/serving) and psyllium (1.78 g/serving), on the assumption that 4 servings/d would reduce cardiovascular disease risk...
  49. ncbi request reprint A dietary portfolio approach to cholesterol reduction: combined effects of plant sterols, vegetable proteins, and viscous fibers in hypercholesterolemia
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Metabolism 51:1596-604. 2002
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint Assessment of the longer-term effects of a dietary portfolio of cholesterol-lowering foods in hypercholesterolemia
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:582-91. 2006
    ..Cholesterol-lowering foods may be more effective when consumed as combinations rather than as single foods...
  51. ncbi request reprint The glycemic index: methodology and use
    Cyril W C Kendall
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont, Canada
    Nestle Nutr Workshop Ser Clin Perform Programme 11:43-53; discussion 53-6. 2006
    ....
  52. ncbi request reprint Colonic fermentation of indigestible carbohydrates contributes to the second-meal effect
    Furio Brighenti
    Human Nutrition Unit, Department of Public Health, University of Parma, Via Volturno 39, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:817-22. 2006
    ..However, LGI foods often increase colonic fermentation because of the presence of fiber and resistant starch...
  53. ncbi request reprint The effect of combining plant sterols, soy protein, viscous fibers, and almonds in treating hypercholesterolemia
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Metabolism 52:1478-83. 2003
    ..Combining a number of foods and food components in a single dietary portfolio may lower LDL-C similarly to statins and so increase the potential effectiveness of dietary therapy...
  54. ncbi request reprint Strawberry intake, lipids, C-reactive protein, and the risk of cardiovascular disease in women
    Howard D Sesso
    Brigham and Women s Hospital, 900 Commonwealth Avenue East, Boston MA 02215 1204, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 26:303-10. 2007
    ..In the Women's Health Study, we examined strawberry intake for both its prospective association with CVD risk in 38,176 women and its cross-sectional association with lipids and C-reactive protein (CRP) in a subset of 26,966 women...
  55. ncbi request reprint Too much sugar, too much carbohydrate, or just too much?
    David J A Jenkins
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:711-2. 2004
  56. ncbi request reprint Intervention with a low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet does not influence the timing of menopause
    Lisa J Martin
    Campbell Family Institute for Breast Cancer Research, Ontario Cancer Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:920-8. 2006
    ..Later age at menopause is associated with a greater risk of breast cancer. Dietary factors may at least partially influence breast cancer risk through an effect on the age at menopause...
  57. ncbi request reprint Carbohydrate digestibility and metabolic effects
    Julia M W Wong
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Nutr 137:2539S-2546S. 2007
    ..Therefore, further studies are required to explore these important aspects of metabolism related to the rate of carbohydrate absorption and fermentation and their implications in health and disease...
  58. ncbi request reprint A low-fat vegan diet improves glycemic control and cardiovascular risk factors in a randomized clinical trial in individuals with type 2 diabetes
    Neal D Barnard
    Department of Medicine, George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC, USA
    Diabetes Care 29:1777-83. 2006
    ..We sought to investigate whether a low-fat vegan diet improves glycemic control and cardiovascular risk factors in individuals with type 2 diabetes...
  59. ncbi request reprint Colonic health: fermentation and short chain fatty acids
    Julia M W Wong
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ont, Canada
    J Clin Gastroenterol 40:235-43. 2006
    ..Short-term and long-term human studies are particularly required on SCFAs in relation to markers of cancer risk. These studies will be key to the success of dietary recommendations to maximize colonic disease prevention...
  60. ncbi request reprint Combined effects of a dietary portfolio of plant sterols, vegetable protein, viscous fibre and almonds on LDL particle size
    Benoit Lamarche
    Institute on Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods, Laval University, Ste Foy, Quebec, Canada
    Br J Nutr 92:657-63. 2004
    ....
  61. doi request reprint Changes in nutrient intake and dietary quality among participants with type 2 diabetes following a low-fat vegan diet or a conventional diabetes diet for 22 weeks
    Gabrielle M Turner-McGrievy
    Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 108:1636-45. 2008
    ..Although vegan diets improve diabetes management, little is known about the nutrient profiles or diet quality of individuals with type 2 diabetes who adopt a vegan diet...
  62. ncbi request reprint Carbohydrate-induced memory impairment in adults with type 2 diabetes
    Carol E Greenwood
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, and Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Diabetes Care 26:1961-6. 2003
    ..Memory impairment is observed in adults with type 2 diabetes. The focus of this study was to determine whether acute carbohydrate consumption contributes to or exacerbates memory dysfunction...
  63. pmc Fish oil and omega-3 fatty acids
    David J A Jenkins
    Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 178:150. 2008
  64. ncbi request reprint Effects of a diet high in plant sterols, vegetable proteins, and viscous fibers (dietary portfolio) on circulating sterol levels and red cell fragility in hypercholesterolemic subjects
    Peter J Jones
    School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec
    Lipids 40:169-74. 2005
    ..We conclude that plant sterols had a minimal impact on serum sterol concentrations or red cell fragility in hyperlipidemic subjects on diets that greatly reduced their serum lipids...
  65. ncbi request reprint Carbohydrate and fiber recommendations for individuals with diabetes: a quantitative assessment and meta-analysis of the evidence
    James W Anderson
    Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, and the Graduate Center for Nutritional Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 23:5-17. 2004
    ..The diet should provide 25-50 g/day of dietary fiber (15-25 g/1000 kcal). Glycemic index information should be incorporated into exchanges and teaching material...
  66. ncbi request reprint Flavonoids can block PSA production by breast and prostate cancer cell lines
    Rachel S Rosenberg Zand
    Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Clin Chim Acta 317:17-26. 2002
    ..Such compounds have only started to be evaluated for potential androgen-blocking activity. Inhibition of production of androgen-regulated proteins, including prostate-specific antigen (PSA), is one indicator of androgen blocking...
  67. ncbi request reprint Recommendations for probiotic use
    Martin H Floch
    Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520 8019, USA
    J Clin Gastroenterol 40:275-8. 2006
    ..Clearly, larger and better-designed studies of probiotics are necessary, including comparative and dose-ranging trials...
  68. ncbi request reprint Association between components of the insulin-like growth factor system and endometrial cancer risk
    Livia S A Augustin
    Servizio di Epidemiologia e Biostatistica, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico, Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Aviano, Italy
    Oncology 67:54-9. 2004
    ..We used data from a case-control study conducted in Italy to provide additional information on the relation between the IGF system and endometrial cancer...
  69. ncbi request reprint Glycemic index and glycemic load in endometrial cancer
    Livia S A Augustin
    Servizio di Epidemiologia, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico, Pordenone, Italy
    Int J Cancer 105:404-7. 2003
    ..The associations were stronger in older women, in those with higher body mass index and in hormone replacement therapy users. Our study supports the hypothesis of a direct association between GI and endometrial cancer risk...
  70. ncbi request reprint Association between components of the insulin-like growth factor system and epithelial ovarian cancer risk
    Luigino Dal Maso
    Servizio di Epidemiologia e Biostatistica, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico, Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Aviano, Italy
    Oncology 67:225-30. 2004
    ..Components of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system have been associated with several cancers, but very few studies are available for ovarian cancer...
  71. ncbi request reprint Diet and cholesterol reduction
    David J A Jenkins
    Ann Intern Med 142:793-5. 2005