Affiliation: University of Toronto
- Improving the health of the global poorPrabhat Jha
World Health Organization WHO, Geneva 01220, Switzerland
Science 295:2036-9. 2002..Such a program is feasible and would avoid millions of child, maternal, and adult deaths annually in poor countries...
- The Summary Index of Malaria Surveillance (SIMS): a stable index of malaria within IndiaAlan A Cohen
Centre for Global Health Research, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Popul Health Metr 8:1. 2010..However, a set of blood measures has been collected regularly by the National Malaria Control Program in most districts since 1958...
- Body mass index, sexual behaviour, and sexually transmitted infections: an analysis using the NHANES 1999-2000 dataNico J D Nagelkerke
Department of Community Medicine, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, UAE
BMC Public Health 6:199. 2006..Being obese is commonly associated with a reduced physical attractiveness but the associations between body mass index, sexual behaviour and the risk of acquiring sexually transmitted infections has never been studied...
- Child mortality from solid-fuel use in India: a nationally-representative case-control studyDiego G Bassani
Centre for Global Health Research, Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
BMC Public Health 10:491. 2010..Such fuels increase child mortality, chiefly from acute respiratory infection. There are, however, few direct estimates of the impact of solid fuel on child mortality in India...
- Trends in selective abortions of girls in India: analysis of nationally representative birth histories from 1990 to 2005 and census data from 1991 to 2011Prabhat Jha
Centre for Global Health Research, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital and Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, ON, Canada
Lancet 377:1921-8. 2011..We aimed to establish the trends in sex ratio by birth order from 1990 to 2005 with three nationally representative surveys and to quantify the totals of selective abortions of girls with census cohort data...
- Prospective study of one million deaths in India: rationale, design, and validation resultsPrabhat Jha
Centre for Global Health Research, Public Health Sciences, St Michael s Hospital, McLaughlin Centre for Molecular Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
PLoS Med 3:e18. 2006..We report here on the rationale, design, and implementation of the world's largest prospective study of the causes and correlates of mortality...
- Social inequalities in male mortality, and in male mortality from smoking: indirect estimation from national death rates in England and Wales, Poland, and North AmericaPrabhat Jha
Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto M5C1N8, Canada
Lancet 368:367-70. 2006..Smoking is often more prevalent among men of lower social class, education, or income. The contribution of smoking to these social inequalities in mortality remains uncertain...
- Reducing the burden of smoking world-wide: effectiveness of interventions and their coveragePrabhat Jha
Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Canada
Drug Alcohol Rev 25:597-609. 2006..A description of the types and comprehensiveness of policies currently in place and a discussion of some of the factors correlated with the strength and comprehensive of these policies follows...
- Commentary: Reliable measurement of the causes of mortality in developing countriesPrabhat Jha
Centre for Global Health Research, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital and Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Int J Epidemiol 36:651-3. 2007
- A nationally representative case-control study of smoking and death in IndiaPrabhat Jha
Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
N Engl J Med 358:1137-47. 2008..The nationwide effects of smoking on mortality in India have not been assessed reliably...
- Evidence for global healthPrabhat Jha
Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, 70 Richmond Street East, 3rd Floor, Toronto, Ontario M5C 1N8, Canada
CMAJ 170:1687-8. 2004
- Weapons of mass salvation: Canada's role in improving the health of the global poorPrabhat Jha
Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont
CMAJ 170:66-7. 2004
- Avoidable global cancer deaths and total deaths from smokingPrabhat Jha
Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto M5C 1N8, Canada
Nat Rev Cancer 9:655-64. 2009..Higher taxes, regulations on smoking and information for consumers could avoid at least 115 million smoking-associated deaths in the next few decades, including around 25 million cancer deaths...
- Poverty and chronic diseases in Asia: challenges and opportunitiesPrabhat Jha
Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont
CMAJ 177:1059-62. 2007
- HIV mortality and infection in India: estimates from nationally representative mortality survey of 1.1 million homesPrabhat Jha
Centre for Global Health Research, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada M5C1N8
BMJ 340:c621. 2010..To determine the rates of death and infection from HIV in India...
- Low female[corrected]-to-male [corrected] sex ratio of children born in India: national survey of 1.1 million householdsPrabhat Jha
Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, and Department of Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Lancet 367:211-8. 2006..Fewer girls than boys are born in India. Various hypotheses have been proposed to explain this low sex ratio. Our aim was to ascertain the contribution of prenatal sex determination and selective abortion as measured by previous birth sex...
- Association between history of tuberculosis and vegetarianism from a nationally representative survey in IndiaP Arora
Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 15:706-8. 2011..66, 95%CI 0.49-0.89), while poverty and a history of blood transfusions were...
- Prevalence and correlates of Herpes Simplex Virus-2 and syphilis infections in the general population in IndiaS K Sgaier
Centre for Global Health Research, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Sex Transm Infect 87:94-100. 2011..To determine the prevalence and correlates of Herpes Simplex Virus-2 (HSV-2) and syphilis infections in the general population in India...
- Factors associated with physician agreement on verbal autopsy of over 27000 childhood deaths in IndiaShaun K Morris
Centre for Global Health Research, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
PLoS ONE 5:e9583. 2010..While VA has been validated against hospital diagnosed cause of death, there has been no research conducted to better understand the factors that may influence individual physicians in determining cause of death from VA...
- Smoking, HIV and non-fatal tuberculosis in an urban African populationB Ramin
Center for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 12:695-7. 2008..25% of controls (OR 2.3, adjusted for age, education and self-reported HIV status). Given that HIV appears to increase TB transmission in Africa, our finding that smoking also increases the risk of TB in Africa is of special concern...
- Smoking and premature mortality: reflections on the contributions of Sir Richard DollPrabhat Jha
Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ont
CMAJ 173:476-7. 2005
- Public health. Biobanks in developing countries: needs and feasibilityS K Sgaier
Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital LKSKI KRC, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, M5B1C5, Canada
Science 318:1074-5. 2007
- Sexual risk factors for HIV infection in early and advanced HIV epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa: systematic overview of 68 epidemiological studiesLi Chen
Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
PLoS ONE 2:e1001. 2007..It is commonly assumed that sexual risk factors for heterosexual HIV transmission in sub-Saharan Africa, such as multi-partner sex, paid sex and co-infections, become less important as HIV epidemics mature and prevalence increases...
- Causes of neonatal and child mortality in India: a nationally representative mortality surveyDiego G Bassani
Centre for Global Health Research, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital and Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5B 1W8, Canada
Lancet 376:1853-60. 2010..More than 2·3 million children died in India in 2005; however, the major causes of death have not been measured in the country. We investigated the causes of neonatal and child mortality in India and their differences by sex and region...
- Estimates of global and regional smoking prevalence in 1995, by age and sexPrabhat Jha
World Bank, Washington, DC, USA
Am J Public Health 92:1002-6. 2002..We calculated regional and sex- and age-specific smoking prevalence estimates worldwide in 1995...
- Trends in HIV incidence in India from 2000 to 2007Paul Arora
Lancet 372:289-90. 2008
- Household tobacco and alcohol use, and child health: an exploratory study from IndiaSekhar Bonu
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
Health Policy 70:67-83. 2004..Policies and programs for child survival may also need to incorporate strategies to control household tobacco and alcohol use in addition to other ongoing interventions...
- The way forwardCarla AbouZahr
Health Metrics Network, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Lancet 370:1791-9. 2007....
- Smoking and mortality from tuberculosis and other diseases in India: retrospective study of 43000 adult male deaths and 35000 controlsVendhan Gajalakshmi
Epidemiological Research Center, New No 37 Outer Circular Road, KG Colony, Chennai 600 010, India
Lancet 362:507-15. 2003..The study objective was to assess age-specific mortality from smoking among men (since few women smoke) in urban and in rural India...
- A scandal of invisibility: making everyone count by counting everyonePhilip W Setel
Lancet 370:1569-77. 2007
- Better health statistics are possibleAbdallah Bchir
Global Alliance for Vaccine and Immunization, Geneva, Switzerland
Lancet 367:190-3. 2006
- Mortality in IraqPrabhat Jha
Lancet 369:101; author reply 103-4. 2007
- Does use of tobacco or alcohol contribute to impoverishment from hospitalization costs in India?Sekhar Bonu
South Asian Regional Department, Asian Development Bank, PO Box 789, 0980 Manila, Philippines
Health Policy Plan 20:41-9. 2005..It might be necessary to include strategies for control of tobacco and alcohol in the larger framework of poverty reduction...
- Sample registration of vital events with verbal autopsy: a renewed commitment to measuring and monitoring vital statisticsPhilip W Setel
Department of Epidemiology and MEASURE Evaluation, Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, USA
Bull World Health Organ 83:611-7. 2005..If the global community wishes to have mortality measurements 5 or 10 years hence, the foundation stones of SVR must be laid today...
- Avoidable mortality in India: past progress and future prospectsPrabhat Jha
World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Natl Med J India 15:32-6. 2002
- Modelling HIV/AIDS epidemics in Botswana and India: impact of interventions to prevent transmissionNico J D Nagelkerke
Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Bull World Health Organ 80:89-96. 2002..To describe a dynamic compartmental simulation model for Botswana and India, developed to identify the best strategies for preventing spread of HIV/AIDS...
- Global and regional estimates of the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of price increases and other tobacco control policiesM Kent Ranson
Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
Nicotine Tob Res 4:311-9. 2002..Our estimates are subject to considerable variation in actual settings; thus, local cost-effectiveness studies are required to guide local policy...
- Mother-to-child HIV transmission and ARVsSake J de Vlas
Science 298:2129. 2002
- Oral contraceptives and cervical cancerAmy Berrington
Lancet 360:410. 2002
- India's HIV-1 epidemicPaul Arora
CMAJ 171:1337-8. 2004
- Advancement of global health: key messages from the Disease Control Priorities ProjectRamanan Laxminarayan
Resources for the Future, 1616 P Street NW Suite 600, Washington, DC 20036, USA
Lancet 367:1193-208. 2006..DCP2 also examines crosscutting issues crucial to the delivery of quality health services, including the organisation, financial support, and capacity of health systems. Here, we summarise the key messages of the project...
- Trends in HIV-1 in young adults in south India from 2000 to 2004: a prevalence studyRajesh Kumar
School of Public Health, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
Lancet 367:1164-72. 2006..To estimate incidence, we investigated the prevalence of HIV-1 in young people attending antenatal and sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics in India...
- Measuring Tobacco Mortality within the Million Death Study in IndiaPrabhat Jha; Fiscal Year: 2007..The blood-based pilot studies should enable large, representative and reliable genetic and biological epidemiological studies of premature mortality in the near future. ..