P Jha

Summary

Affiliation: University of Toronto
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Improving the health of the global poor
    Prabhat Jha
    World Health Organization WHO, Geneva 01220, Switzerland
    Science 295:2036-9. 2002
  2. doi request reprint Performance of four computer-coded verbal autopsy methods for cause of death assignment compared with physician coding on 24,000 deaths in low- and middle-income countries
    Nikita Desai
    Centre for Global Heath Research, St, Michael s Hospital, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto Ontario, Canada
    BMC Med 12:20. 2014
  3. doi request reprint Reliable direct measurement of causes of death in low- and middle-income countries
    Prabhat Jha
    Centre for Global Health Research CGHR, St, Michael s Hospital and Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto M5B 1C5, Canada
    BMC Med 12:19. 2014
  4. doi request reprint Comparison of physician-certified verbal autopsy with computer-coded verbal autopsy for cause of death assignment in hospitalized patients in low- and middle-income countries: systematic review
    Jordana Leitao
    Centre for Global Heath Research, St Michael s Hospital, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    BMC Med 12:22. 2014
  5. doi request reprint Performance criteria for verbal autopsy-based systems to estimate national causes of death: development and application to the Indian Million Death Study
    Lukasz Aleksandrowicz
    Centre for Global Heath Research, St, Michael s Hospital, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    BMC Med 12:21. 2014
  6. pmc The Summary Index of Malaria Surveillance (SIMS): a stable index of malaria within India
    Alan A Cohen
    Centre for Global Health Research, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Popul Health Metr 8:1. 2010
  7. pmc Body mass index, sexual behaviour, and sexually transmitted infections: an analysis using the NHANES 1999-2000 data
    Nico J D Nagelkerke
    Department of Community Medicine, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, UAE
    BMC Public Health 6:199. 2006
  8. pmc Child mortality from solid-fuel use in India: a nationally-representative case-control study
    Diego G Bassani
    Centre for Global Health Research, Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    BMC Public Health 10:491. 2010
  9. pmc HIV mortality and infection in India: estimates from nationally representative mortality survey of 1.1 million homes
    Prabhat Jha
    Centre for Global Health Research, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada M5C1N8
    BMJ 340:c621. 2010
  10. ncbi request reprint Low female[corrected]-to-male [corrected] sex ratio of children born in India: national survey of 1.1 million households
    Prabhat Jha
    Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, and Department of Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Lancet 367:211-8. 2006

Research Grants

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications46

  1. ncbi request reprint Improving the health of the global poor
    Prabhat Jha
    World Health Organization WHO, Geneva 01220, Switzerland
    Science 295:2036-9. 2002
    ..Such a program is feasible and would avoid millions of child, maternal, and adult deaths annually in poor countries...
  2. doi request reprint Performance of four computer-coded verbal autopsy methods for cause of death assignment compared with physician coding on 24,000 deaths in low- and middle-income countries
    Nikita Desai
    Centre for Global Heath Research, St, Michael s Hospital, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto Ontario, Canada
    BMC Med 12:20. 2014
    ..Computer-coded verbal autopsy (CCVA) methods have been proposed as a faster and cheaper alternative to PCVA, though they have not been widely compared to PCVA or to each other...
  3. doi request reprint Reliable direct measurement of causes of death in low- and middle-income countries
    Prabhat Jha
    Centre for Global Health Research CGHR, St, Michael s Hospital and Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto M5B 1C5, Canada
    BMC Med 12:19. 2014
    ..A review of low-cost methods of obtaining nationally representative COD data is timely...
  4. doi request reprint Comparison of physician-certified verbal autopsy with computer-coded verbal autopsy for cause of death assignment in hospitalized patients in low- and middle-income countries: systematic review
    Jordana Leitao
    Centre for Global Heath Research, St Michael s Hospital, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    BMC Med 12:22. 2014
    ..We assessed the performance of PCVA and five CCVA methods: Random Forest, Tariff, InterVA, King-Lu, and Simplified Symptom Pattern...
  5. doi request reprint Performance criteria for verbal autopsy-based systems to estimate national causes of death: development and application to the Indian Million Death Study
    Lukasz Aleksandrowicz
    Centre for Global Heath Research, St, Michael s Hospital, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    BMC Med 12:21. 2014
    ..We develop performance criteria for VA-based COD systems and apply these to the Registrar General of India's ongoing, nationally-representative Indian Million Death Study (MDS)...
  6. pmc The Summary Index of Malaria Surveillance (SIMS): a stable index of malaria within India
    Alan A Cohen
    Centre for Global Health Research, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Popul Health Metr 8:1. 2010
    ..However, a set of blood measures has been collected regularly by the National Malaria Control Program in most districts since 1958...
  7. pmc Body mass index, sexual behaviour, and sexually transmitted infections: an analysis using the NHANES 1999-2000 data
    Nico J D Nagelkerke
    Department of Community Medicine, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, UAE
    BMC Public Health 6:199. 2006
    ..Being obese is commonly associated with a reduced physical attractiveness but the associations between body mass index, sexual behaviour and the risk of acquiring sexually transmitted infections has never been studied...
  8. pmc Child mortality from solid-fuel use in India: a nationally-representative case-control study
    Diego G Bassani
    Centre for Global Health Research, Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    BMC Public Health 10:491. 2010
    ..Such fuels increase child mortality, chiefly from acute respiratory infection. There are, however, few direct estimates of the impact of solid fuel on child mortality in India...
  9. pmc HIV mortality and infection in India: estimates from nationally representative mortality survey of 1.1 million homes
    Prabhat Jha
    Centre for Global Health Research, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada M5C1N8
    BMJ 340:c621. 2010
    ..To determine the rates of death and infection from HIV in India...
  10. ncbi request reprint Low female[corrected]-to-male [corrected] sex ratio of children born in India: national survey of 1.1 million households
    Prabhat Jha
    Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, and Department of Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Lancet 367:211-8. 2006
    ..Fewer girls than boys are born in India. Various hypotheses have been proposed to explain this low sex ratio. Our aim was to ascertain the contribution of prenatal sex determination and selective abortion as measured by previous birth sex...
  11. doi request reprint Avoidable global cancer deaths and total deaths from smoking
    Prabhat Jha
    Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto M5C 1N8, Canada
    Nat Rev Cancer 9:655-64. 2009
    ..Higher taxes, regulations on smoking and information for consumers could avoid at least 115 million smoking-associated deaths in the next few decades, including around 25 million cancer deaths...
  12. ncbi request reprint Social inequalities in male mortality, and in male mortality from smoking: indirect estimation from national death rates in England and Wales, Poland, and North America
    Prabhat Jha
    Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto M5C1N8, Canada
    Lancet 368:367-70. 2006
    ..Smoking is often more prevalent among men of lower social class, education, or income. The contribution of smoking to these social inequalities in mortality remains uncertain...
  13. ncbi request reprint Reducing the burden of smoking world-wide: effectiveness of interventions and their coverage
    Prabhat Jha
    Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Rev 25:597-609. 2006
    ..A description of the types and comprehensiveness of policies currently in place and a discussion of some of the factors correlated with the strength and comprehensive of these policies follows...
  14. ncbi request reprint Commentary: Reliable measurement of the causes of mortality in developing countries
    Prabhat Jha
    Centre for Global Health Research, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital and Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Epidemiol 36:651-3. 2007
  15. pmc Poverty and chronic diseases in Asia: challenges and opportunities
    Prabhat Jha
    Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 177:1059-62. 2007
  16. pmc Prospective study of one million deaths in India: rationale, design, and validation results
    Prabhat Jha
    Centre for Global Health Research, Public Health Sciences, St Michael s Hospital, McLaughlin Centre for Molecular Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    PLoS Med 3:e18. 2006
    ..We report here on the rationale, design, and implementation of the world's largest prospective study of the causes and correlates of mortality...
  17. pmc Trends in selective abortions of girls in India: analysis of nationally representative birth histories from 1990 to 2005 and census data from 1991 to 2011
    Prabhat Jha
    Centre for Global Health Research, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital and Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, ON, Canada
    Lancet 377:1921-8. 2011
    ..We aimed to establish the trends in sex ratio by birth order from 1990 to 2005 with three nationally representative surveys and to quantify the totals of selective abortions of girls with census cohort data...
  18. doi request reprint A nationally representative case-control study of smoking and death in India
    Prabhat Jha
    Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    N Engl J Med 358:1137-47. 2008
    ..The nationwide effects of smoking on mortality in India have not been assessed reliably...
  19. pmc Weapons of mass salvation: Canada's role in improving the health of the global poor
    Prabhat Jha
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 170:66-7. 2004
  20. pmc Evidence for global health
    Prabhat Jha
    Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, 70 Richmond Street East, 3rd Floor, Toronto, Ontario M5C 1N8, Canada
    CMAJ 170:1687-8. 2004
  21. doi request reprint Association between history of tuberculosis and vegetarianism from a nationally representative survey in India
    P Arora
    Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 15:706-8. 2011
    ..66, 95%CI 0.49-0.89), while poverty and a history of blood transfusions were...
  22. doi request reprint Prevalence and correlates of Herpes Simplex Virus-2 and syphilis infections in the general population in India
    S K Sgaier
    Centre for Global Health Research, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Sex Transm Infect 87:94-100. 2011
    ..To determine the prevalence and correlates of Herpes Simplex Virus-2 (HSV-2) and syphilis infections in the general population in India...
  23. pmc Factors associated with physician agreement on verbal autopsy of over 27000 childhood deaths in India
    Shaun K Morris
    Centre for Global Health Research, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    PLoS ONE 5:e9583. 2010
    ..While VA has been validated against hospital diagnosed cause of death, there has been no research conducted to better understand the factors that may influence individual physicians in determining cause of death from VA...
  24. ncbi request reprint Smoking, HIV and non-fatal tuberculosis in an urban African population
    B Ramin
    Center for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 12:695-7. 2008
    ..25% of controls (OR 2.3, adjusted for age, education and self-reported HIV status). Given that HIV appears to increase TB transmission in Africa, our finding that smoking also increases the risk of TB in Africa is of special concern...
  25. pmc Smoking and premature mortality: reflections on the contributions of Sir Richard Doll
    Prabhat Jha
    Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 173:476-7. 2005
  26. ncbi request reprint Public health. Biobanks in developing countries: needs and feasibility
    S K Sgaier
    Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital LKSKI KRC, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, M5B1C5, Canada
    Science 318:1074-5. 2007
  27. pmc Sexual risk factors for HIV infection in early and advanced HIV epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa: systematic overview of 68 epidemiological studies
    Li Chen
    Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 2:e1001. 2007
    ..It is commonly assumed that sexual risk factors for heterosexual HIV transmission in sub-Saharan Africa, such as multi-partner sex, paid sex and co-infections, become less important as HIV epidemics mature and prevalence increases...
  28. pmc Causes of neonatal and child mortality in India: a nationally representative mortality survey
    Diego G Bassani
    Centre for Global Health Research, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital and Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5B 1W8, Canada
    Lancet 376:1853-60. 2010
    ..More than 2ยท3 million children died in India in 2005; however, the major causes of death have not been measured in the country. We investigated the causes of neonatal and child mortality in India and their differences by sex and region...
  29. doi request reprint Trends in HIV incidence in India from 2000 to 2007
    Paul Arora
    Lancet 372:289-90. 2008
  30. ncbi request reprint Household tobacco and alcohol use, and child health: an exploratory study from India
    Sekhar Bonu
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Health Policy 70:67-83. 2004
    ..Policies and programs for child survival may also need to incorporate strategies to control household tobacco and alcohol use in addition to other ongoing interventions...
  31. ncbi request reprint The way forward
    Carla AbouZahr
    Health Metrics Network, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 370:1791-9. 2007
    ....
  32. ncbi request reprint Smoking and mortality from tuberculosis and other diseases in India: retrospective study of 43000 adult male deaths and 35000 controls
    Vendhan Gajalakshmi
    Epidemiological Research Center, New No 37 Outer Circular Road, KG Colony, Chennai 600 010, India
    Lancet 362:507-15. 2003
    ..The study objective was to assess age-specific mortality from smoking among men (since few women smoke) in urban and in rural India...
  33. ncbi request reprint Avoidable mortality in India: past progress and future prospects
    Prabhat Jha
    World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Natl Med J India 15:32-6. 2002
  34. pmc Estimates of global and regional smoking prevalence in 1995, by age and sex
    Prabhat Jha
    World Bank, Washington, DC, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1002-6. 2002
    ..We calculated regional and sex- and age-specific smoking prevalence estimates worldwide in 1995...
  35. ncbi request reprint Does use of tobacco or alcohol contribute to impoverishment from hospitalization costs in India?
    Sekhar Bonu
    South Asian Regional Department, Asian Development Bank, PO Box 789, 0980 Manila, Philippines
    Health Policy Plan 20:41-9. 2005
    ..It might be necessary to include strategies for control of tobacco and alcohol in the larger framework of poverty reduction...
  36. pmc Sample registration of vital events with verbal autopsy: a renewed commitment to measuring and monitoring vital statistics
    Philip W Setel
    Department of Epidemiology and MEASURE Evaluation, Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 83:611-7. 2005
    ..If the global community wishes to have mortality measurements 5 or 10 years hence, the foundation stones of SVR must be laid today...
  37. ncbi request reprint Better health statistics are possible
    Abdallah Bchir
    Global Alliance for Vaccine and Immunization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 367:190-3. 2006
  38. ncbi request reprint Mortality in Iraq
    Prabhat Jha
    Lancet 369:101; author reply 103-4. 2007
  39. ncbi request reprint A scandal of invisibility: making everyone count by counting everyone
    Philip W Setel
    Lancet 370:1569-77. 2007
  40. pmc Modelling HIV/AIDS epidemics in Botswana and India: impact of interventions to prevent transmission
    Nico J D Nagelkerke
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Bull World Health Organ 80:89-96. 2002
    ..To describe a dynamic compartmental simulation model for Botswana and India, developed to identify the best strategies for preventing spread of HIV/AIDS...
  41. ncbi request reprint Global and regional estimates of the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of price increases and other tobacco control policies
    M Kent Ranson
    Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Nicotine Tob Res 4:311-9. 2002
    ..Our estimates are subject to considerable variation in actual settings; thus, local cost-effectiveness studies are required to guide local policy...
  42. ncbi request reprint Mother-to-child HIV transmission and ARVs
    Sake J de Vlas
    Science 298:2129. 2002
  43. ncbi request reprint Oral contraceptives and cervical cancer
    Amy Berrington
    Lancet 360:410. 2002
  44. pmc India's HIV-1 epidemic
    Paul Arora
    CMAJ 171:1337-8. 2004
  45. ncbi request reprint Advancement of global health: key messages from the Disease Control Priorities Project
    Ramanan Laxminarayan
    Resources for the Future, 1616 P Street NW Suite 600, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    Lancet 367:1193-208. 2006
    ..DCP2 also examines crosscutting issues crucial to the delivery of quality health services, including the organisation, financial support, and capacity of health systems. Here, we summarise the key messages of the project...
  46. ncbi request reprint Trends in HIV-1 in young adults in south India from 2000 to 2004: a prevalence study
    Rajesh Kumar
    School of Public Health, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
    Lancet 367:1164-72. 2006
    ..To estimate incidence, we investigated the prevalence of HIV-1 in young people attending antenatal and sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics in India...

Research Grants2

  1. Measuring Tobacco Mortality within the Million Death Study in India
    Prabhat Jha; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The blood-based pilot studies should enable large, representative and reliable genetic and biological epidemiological studies of premature mortality in the near future. ..