V Goel

Summary

Affiliation: University of Toronto
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Building Public Health Ontario: experience in developing a new public health agency
    Vivek Goel
    Public Health Ontario and Institute for Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 103:e267-9. 2012
  2. pmc Feasibility study of multidisciplinary oncology rounds by videoconference for surgeons in remote locales
    Anna Gagliardi
    Cancer Care Ontario, 620 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 2L7
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 3:7. 2003
  3. pmc Medical informatics in an undergraduate curriculum: a qualitative study
    David L Buckeridge
    Community Medicine Residency Program, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Canada
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2:6. 2002
  4. pmc Validation of the Provincial Transfer Authorization Centre database: a comprehensive database containing records of all inter-facility patient transfers in the province of Ontario
    Victoria A Robinson
    Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 6:129. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint Perspectives on colorectal cancer screening: a focus group study
    Vivek Goel
    Toronto Sunnybrook Regional Cancer Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Health Expect 7:51-60. 2004
  6. ncbi request reprint Randomized trial of a patient decision aid for choice of surgical treatment for breast cancer
    V Goel
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Med Decis Making 21:1-6. 2001
  7. ncbi request reprint Health services research in breast cancer: background paper for a Canadian Breast Cancer Research Initiative workshop
    V Goel
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Ont
    Cancer Prev Control 2:173-8. 1998
  8. ncbi request reprint The role of group support technology in developing the HEALNet research agenda
    V Goel
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Med Inform 51:215-9. 1998
  9. pmc Psychological outcomes following maternal serum screening: a cohort study
    V Goel
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 159:651-6. 1998
  10. pmc Patterns of initial management of node-negative breast cancer in two Canadian provinces. British Columbia/Ontario Working Group
    V Goel
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Biostatistics, University of Toronto
    CMAJ 156:25-35. 1997

Detail Information

Publications61

  1. ncbi request reprint Building Public Health Ontario: experience in developing a new public health agency
    Vivek Goel
    Public Health Ontario and Institute for Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 103:e267-9. 2012
    ..The building of the organization through new investments and divestments is explained. The paper concludes with an overview of the challenges encountered and the opportunities ahead...
  2. pmc Feasibility study of multidisciplinary oncology rounds by videoconference for surgeons in remote locales
    Anna Gagliardi
    Cancer Care Ontario, 620 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 2L7
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 3:7. 2003
    ....
  3. pmc Medical informatics in an undergraduate curriculum: a qualitative study
    David L Buckeridge
    Community Medicine Residency Program, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Canada
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2:6. 2002
    ..Despite this, North American medical schools do not routinely provide education in medical informatics...
  4. pmc Validation of the Provincial Transfer Authorization Centre database: a comprehensive database containing records of all inter-facility patient transfers in the province of Ontario
    Victoria A Robinson
    Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 6:129. 2006
    ..A patient transfer database has also never been validated. This paper presents the validation of the PTAC database...
  5. ncbi request reprint Perspectives on colorectal cancer screening: a focus group study
    Vivek Goel
    Toronto Sunnybrook Regional Cancer Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Health Expect 7:51-60. 2004
    ..To assess attitudes and acceptability of Ontario consumers and doctors towards colorectal screening with faecal occult blood testing (FOBT) and colonoscopy...
  6. ncbi request reprint Randomized trial of a patient decision aid for choice of surgical treatment for breast cancer
    V Goel
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Med Decis Making 21:1-6. 2001
    ..Although the decision aid had minimal impact on the main study outcomes, a subgroup may have benefited. Such subgroups should be identified, and appropriate decision support interventions should be developed and evaluated...
  7. ncbi request reprint Health services research in breast cancer: background paper for a Canadian Breast Cancer Research Initiative workshop
    V Goel
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Ont
    Cancer Prev Control 2:173-8. 1998
    ..To describe a systematic review of breast cancer health services research that was conducted to guide a Canadian Breast Cancer Research Initiative workshop...
  8. ncbi request reprint The role of group support technology in developing the HEALNet research agenda
    V Goel
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Med Inform 51:215-9. 1998
    ..Such systems have a role to play in supporting group work at the idea generation stage, but further work is required in order for them to be useful in the development of detailed research programs...
  9. pmc Psychological outcomes following maternal serum screening: a cohort study
    V Goel
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 159:651-6. 1998
    ..The authors examined whether this test leads to an increase in anxiety and depression among women who have a false-positive result as compared with those who have a true-negative result or do not undergo testing...
  10. pmc Patterns of initial management of node-negative breast cancer in two Canadian provinces. British Columbia/Ontario Working Group
    V Goel
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Biostatistics, University of Toronto
    CMAJ 156:25-35. 1997
    ..To describe the patterns of initial management of node-negative breast cancer in Ontario and British Columbia and to compare the characteristics of the patients and tumours and of the physicians and hospitals involved in management...
  11. pmc Reconsidering sore throats. Part 2: Alternative approach and practical office tool
    W J McIsaac
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, North York, Ont
    Can Fam Physician 43:495-500. 1997
    ..To identify a management approach for Group A streptococcal (GAS) pharyngitis that would address overuse of antibiotics and could be implemented immediately...
  12. pmc The association between population-based treatment guidelines and adjuvant therapy for node-negative breast cancer. British Columbia/Ontario Working Group
    C Sawka
    Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Br J Cancer 75:1534-42. 1997
    ..We conclude that population-based treatment guidelines can play a role in promoting consistent patterns of adjuvant therapy for women with node-negative breast cancer...
  13. ncbi request reprint Written patient information about triple-marker screening: a randomized, controlled trial
    R Glazier
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Canada
    Obstet Gynecol 90:769-74. 1997
    ..To investigate to what extent a newly revised educational pamphlet on triple-marker screening improves patient knowledge and to identify subgroups of women who may not benefit from these materials...
  14. pmc Reconsidering sore throats. Part I: Problems with current clinical practice
    W J McIsaac
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, North York, Ont
    Can Fam Physician 43:485-93. 1997
    ..To provide evidence-based answers to clinical questions posed by family physicians about Group A streptococcus pharyngitis and to further understanding of why management is controversial...
  15. ncbi request reprint Barriers to patient involvement in health service planning and evaluation: an exploratory study
    Anna R Gagliardi
    Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Room C8 30, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4N3M5
    Patient Educ Couns 70:234-41. 2008
    ..This study explored stakeholder beliefs about patient participation in performance indicator selection to better understand hypothesized barriers...
  16. ncbi request reprint Effect of population-based interventions on laboratory utilization: a time-series analysis
    C van Walraven
    Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Ottawa Hospital, Ontario, Canada
    JAMA 280:2028-33. 1998
    ..Previous studies have identified methods of decreasing laboratory utilization. However, most were hospital-based, relatively small, single-centered, or of limited duration...
  17. ncbi request reprint Stress, social support, and emotional distress in a community sample of pregnant women
    R H Glazier
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol 25:247-55. 2004
    ..Consistent with previous studies, results suggest that dyadic psychosocial assessment of pregnant women and their partners may facilitate interventions to augment support networks, thereby reducing the risk of emotional distress...
  18. pmc The validity of a sore throat score in family practice
    W J McIsaac
    Family Medicine Centre, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 163:811-5. 2000
    ..The study also examined the potential impact of this clinical score on the prescribing of antibiotics in community-based family practice...
  19. ncbi request reprint Comparison of breast magnetic resonance imaging, mammography, and ultrasound for surveillance of women at high risk for hereditary breast cancer
    E Warner
    Division of Medical Oncology, Department of Medical Biophysics, and Centre for Research in Women s Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Clin Oncol 19:3524-31. 2001
    ..The purpose of the present study was to compare breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with ultrasound, mammography, and physical examination in women at high risk for hereditary breast cancer...
  20. ncbi request reprint The rate of breast-conserving surgery for early breast cancer is not influenced by the surgical strategy of excisional biopsy followed by the definitive procedure
    D W Petrik
    Clinical Epidemiology and Health Care Research, Toronto General Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Breast J 7:158-65. 2001
    ..This study shows that, contrary to the opinion of some, there is a group of breast cancer patients in whom treatment in a one-step manner is appropriate...
  21. pmc Hereditary breast cancer. Psychosocial issues and family physicians' role
    J C Carroll
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto
    Can Fam Physician 45:126-32. 1999
    ..To outline the psychosocial issues in hereditary breast cancer (HBC) assessment and discuss the role of family physicians...
  22. pmc Hereditary breast cancer. Identifying and managing BRCA1 and BRCA2 carriers
    R E Heisey
    Department of Surgical Oncology, Princess Margaret Hospital
    Can Fam Physician 45:114-24. 1999
    ..To discuss the implications of identifying patients as BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation carriers, and to provide recommendations for managing them...
  23. ncbi request reprint Supportive care provided by physicians and nurses to women with breast cancer. Results from a population-based survey
    Ross E Gray
    Psychosocial and Behavioural Research Unit, Toronto Sunnybrook Regional Cancer Centre, 790 Bay Street, Suite 950, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 1N8
    Support Care Cancer 10:647-52. 2002
    ..Even brief interventions may make an important difference to how patients deal with their illness over time...
  24. ncbi request reprint Leadership and priority setting: the perspective of hospital CEOs
    David Reeleder
    Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Health Sciences Building, 155 College Street, Suite 425, Toronto, Ont, Canada M5T 3M6
    Health Policy 79:24-34. 2006
    ..It also provides a leadership guide for decision makers to improve the quality of their leadership, and in so doing, we believe, the fairness of their priority setting...
  25. ncbi request reprint A comparison of self-reported colorectal cancer screening with medical records
    Lisa Madlensky
    Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 12:656-9. 2003
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Predictors of quality of life in women with a bilateral prophylactic mastectomy
    Kelly A Metcalfe
    The Center for Research in Women s Health, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Center, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Breast J 11:65-9. 2005
    ..Vulnerability and psychological distress are important predictors of quality of life in women who have previously undergone bilateral prophylactic mastectomy...
  27. pmc Educating women about breast cancer. An intervention for women with a family history of breast cancer
    Ellen Warner
    Division of Medical Oncology, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ont
    Can Fam Physician 49:56-63. 2003
    ..To evaluate an "information aid" for women with a family history of breast cancer...
  28. ncbi request reprint Psychosocial functioning in women who have undergone bilateral prophylactic mastectomy
    Kelly A Metcalfe
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Psychooncology 13:14-25. 2004
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint The impact of context on evidence utilization: a framework for expert groups developing health policy recommendations
    Mark J Dobrow
    Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 63:1811-24. 2006
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Prostate-specific antigen utilization in Ontario: extent of testing in patients with and without cancer
    P S Bunting
    Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Clin Biochem 31:501-11. 1998
    ..To ascertain the extent of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing in patients with prostate cancer (PC), with other cancers (OC), and with no cancer (NC) in two clinical laboratory databases...
  31. pmc Breast cancer survival by teaching status of the initial treating hospital
    R Chaudhry
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 164:183-8. 2001
    ..Survival among women with larger tumours was not statistically significantly different for the 2 types of hospital...
  32. ncbi request reprint Effect of an explicit decision-support tool on decisions to prescribe antibiotics for sore throat
    W J McIsaac
    Mt Sinai Family Medicine Centre, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Med Decis Making 18:220-8. 1998
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Utilization of professional supportive care services by women with breast cancer
    R E Gray
    Psychosocial and Behavioural Research Unit, Toronto Sunnybrook Regional Cancer Centre, Ontario, Canada
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 64:253-8. 2000
    ..Policy implications include finding strategies to better inform cancer patients about existing services, and ensuring that a core set of services are available to all patients...
  34. ncbi request reprint Decision aids: are they worth it? A systematic review
    C Estabrooks
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Canada
    J Health Serv Res Policy 6:170-82. 2001
    ..However, little is known as yet about the effect these decision aids have on relevant outcomes. To identify outcomes influenced by consumer decision aids (CDAs) and the particular effects of CDAs on those outcomes...
  35. ncbi request reprint Prophylactic bilateral mastectomy: patterns of practice
    Kelly A Metcalfe
    The Centre for Research in Women s Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Cancer 95:236-42. 2002
    ..We conducted a population-based study to review the indications for, and patterns of practice of prophylactic mastectomy in Ontario, Canada, since 1991...
  36. ncbi request reprint An introduction to multilevel regression models
    P C Austin
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, G 160, 2075 Bayview Avenue, North York, ON, M4N 3M5
    Can J Public Health 92:150-4. 2001
    ..In comparing the resultant models, we see that false inferences can be drawn by ignoring the structure of the data...
  37. ncbi request reprint Measuring the impact of influenza on the hospital admission rates of the elderly in Ontario: a five-year admission rate analysis, 1988-1993
    R E Upshur
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 91:144-7. 2000
    ..A retrospective study was conducted to compare age- and sex-specific rates of hospital admission of the elderly in Ontario for five influenza seasons from 1988-1993 for pneumonia, congestive heart failure and chronic respiratory disease...
  38. ncbi request reprint Health informatics education: an opportunity for public health in Canada
    D L Buckeridge
    Community Medicine Residency Program, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto
    Can J Public Health 92:233-6. 2001
    ..Public health is well positioned to play a central role in health informatics education due to its historical basis in handling health information, and its developing expertise in health informatics applications...
  39. ncbi request reprint Meaning and measurement: an inclusive model of evidence in health care
    R E Upshur
    Primary Care Research Unit, Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Sunnybrook Campus, Sunnybrook and Women's College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Eval Clin Pract 7:91-6. 2001
    ..The rationale for these distinctions and the implications of these for a theory of evidence are discussed...
  40. ncbi request reprint Health-adjusted life expectancy at the local level in ontario
    D G Manuel
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Chronic Dis Can 21:73-80. 2000
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint Visits by adults to family physicians for the common cold
    W J McIsaac
    Mt Sinai Family Medicine Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Fam Pract 47:366-9. 1998
    ..We examined how often a large population of adults visited doctors when they had a cold, the degree to which they engaged in self care, and the characteristics of those seeking care...
  42. ncbi request reprint Prophylactic oophorectomy in Ontario
    L Elit
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, MacMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Fam Cancer 1:143-8. 2001
    ..To determine the indications, patterns of practice, and complication rates for prophylactic oophorectomy in Ontario...
  43. ncbi request reprint A reliable coding system to define screening prostate-specific antigen tests was developed in a case-control study
    Peter S Bunting
    Division of Biochemistry, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    J Clin Epidemiol 58:639-44. 2005
    ..To establish the reliability of a coding system for screening and diagnostic prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing from patient charts...
  44. ncbi request reprint Relatives of colorectal cancer patients: factors associated with screening behavior
    Lisa Madlensky
    Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Prev Med 25:187-94. 2003
    ....
  45. pmc The health care information directive
    R E Upshur
    Department of Family and Community Medicine and Public Health Sciences, Joint Centre for Bioethics, University of Toronto, Canada
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 1:1. 2001
    ..This paper proposes a health care information directive, analogous to an advance directive, to facilitate choices regarding health information disclosure...
  46. ncbi request reprint Assessing the evidence for organised cancer screening programmes
    L Madlensky
    Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Canada
    Eur J Cancer 39:1648-53. 2003
    ..Furthermore, most studies focus on individual components of organised screening programmes, rather than on the programmes as a whole. More research is needed that directly compares organised with opportunistic cancer screening...
  47. ncbi request reprint Stakeholder preferences for cancer care performance indicators
    Anna Gagliardi
    Sunnybrook Research Institute, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Int J Health Care Qual Assur 21:175-89. 2008
    ..This study explored patient, nurse, physician and manager preferences for cancer care quality indicators...
  48. ncbi request reprint Use of complementary/alternative medicine by men diagnosed with prostate cancer: prevalence and characteristics
    Heather Boon
    Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Urology 62:849-53. 2003
    ..To ascertain the prevalence of the use of complementary/alternative medicine (CAM) among a random sample of Ontario (Canadian) men diagnosed with prostate cancer and to explore in what way users of CAM differ from nonusers...
  49. ncbi request reprint Utilization of complementary/alternative services by women with breast cancer
    Ross E Gray
    Toronto Sunnybrook Regional Cancer Centre, Psychosocial and Behavioural Research Unit, Ontario, Canada
    J Health Soc Policy 16:75-84. 2003
    ..Patients would welcome experimentation with service models in which CAM practitioners and cancer specialists collaborate in providing care...
  50. ncbi request reprint Reasons given by relatives of colorectal cancer patients for not undergoing screening
    Lisa Madlensky
    Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Prev Med 39:643-8. 2004
    ..Little is known about the reasons why this group chooses not to be screened, and understanding these reasons has implications for the development of tailored interventions...
  51. ncbi request reprint Comparison of methods to identify outliers observed in health services small area variation studies
    Teresa To
    Population Health Sciences, Research Institute, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Stat Methods Med Res 12:531-46. 2003
    ..The chi2 remains a useful tool in small area variation analysis to 'screen' or flag potential differences beyond chance alone...
  52. ncbi request reprint A proposal for cervical screening information systems in developing countries
    Loraine D Marrett
    Division of Preventive Oncology, Cancer Care Ontario, 620 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 2L7
    Int J Cancer 102:293-9. 2002
    ..An open systems development model is proposed, since it is most compatible with the goals of local stakeholder involvement and capacity-building...
  53. ncbi request reprint Effect on antibiotic prescribing of repeated clinical prompts to use a sore throat score: lessons from a failed community intervention study
    Warren J McIsaac
    Mt Sinai Family Medicine Centre, 600 University Ave, Suite 413, Toronto, Ont, Canada M5G 1X5
    J Fam Pract 51:339-44. 2002
    ..This study sought to determine whether repeated clinical prompts to use a scoring approach could help family physicians lower antibiotic use in patients with a sore throat...
  54. ncbi request reprint The effect of a hepatitis serology testing algorithm on laboratory utilization
    Carl van Walraven
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Canada
    J Eval Clin Pract 8:327-32. 2002
    ..Since over-utilization of hepatitis serological tests was suspected, a hepatitis serology testing algorithm was initiated in Ontario, Canada. This study determined the effects of this algorithm on utilization...
  55. ncbi request reprint Utilization and regional variation of breast reconstruction in Canada
    Nancy Baxter
    Plast Reconstr Surg 115:338-9. 2005
  56. ncbi request reprint Evidence-based health policy: context and utilisation
    Mark J Dobrow
    Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 58:207-17. 2004
    ..The conceptual framework attempts to capture the role that context plays in the introduction, interpretation and application of evidence. We illustrate this framework with examples from policy development for colorectal cancer screening...
  57. ncbi request reprint What influences family physicians' cancer screening decisions when practice guidelines are unclear or conflicting?
    Fred Tudiver
    Department of Family Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Box 70621, Johnson City, TN 37614, USA
    J Fam Pract 51:760. 2002
    ....
  58. ncbi request reprint Risks and benefits of population-based genetic testing for Mendelian subsets of common diseases were examined using the example of colorectal cancer risk
    Lisa Madlensky
    University of California, San Diego Cancer Center, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0901, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 58:934-41. 2005
    ..Genetic testing for adult-onset, common diseases is becoming more commonplace in clinical medicine. We modeled the proportions of hypothetic populations that would potentially benefit or suffer harm from widespread predisposition testing...
  59. ncbi request reprint Association between extent of axillary lymph node dissection and patient, tumor, surgeon, and hospital factors in patients with early breast cancer
    David W Petrik
    Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    J Surg Oncol 82:84-90. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study is to determine which patient, tumor, surgeon, and hospital characteristics are associated with the number of nodes excised in early breast cancer patients...
  60. ncbi request reprint What do we do with the SARS reports?
    Vivek Goel
    Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation and Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto
    Healthc Q 7:28-30, 2. 2004
    ..Yet, these earlier recommendations have been largely ignored. We can only hope that with the magnitude of the SARS disaster still relatively fresh in our minds, we will not ignore these new reports...
  61. ncbi request reprint Screening with prostate specific antigen and metastatic prostate cancer risk: a population based case-control study
    Jacek A Kopec
    Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    J Urol 174:495-9; discussion 499. 2005
    ..There is limited evidence that screening is effective in reducing mortality from prostate cancer. In the current study we determined if screening with PSA reduces the risk of metastatic prostate cancer...