Michael A Gardam

Summary

Affiliation: University of Toronto
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Healthcare-associated infections: new initiatives and continuing challenges
    Michael Gardam
    MSc, MD, CM, MSc, FRCPC, is a member of the Infection Prevention and Control Unit, University Health Network UHN, in Toronto, Ontario the STOP Infections Now collaborative, Safer Healthcare Now and the Division of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, at the University of Toronto He can be contacted at 416 340 3758 or by e mail at
    Nurs Leadersh (Tor Ont) 25:36-41. 2012
  2. ncbi request reprint Healthcare-associated infections: new initiatives and continuing challenges
    Michael Gardam
    Infection Prevention and Control Unit, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario
    Healthc Q 15:36-41. 2012
  3. pmc Clinical effectiveness of rapid tests for methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in hospitalized patients: a systematic review
    Julie Polisena
    Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    BMC Infect Dis 11:336. 2011
  4. ncbi request reprint Is surveillance for multidrug-resistant enterobacteriaceae an effective infection control strategy in the absence of an outbreak?
    Michael A Gardam
    Infection Prevention and Control Unit, Toronto General Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 2C4
    J Infect Dis 186:1754-60. 2002
  5. ncbi request reprint Mycobacterial osteomyelitis and arthritis
    Michael Gardam
    Tuberculosis Clinic, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Infect Dis Clin North Am 19:819-30. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint Anti-tumour necrosis factor agents and tuberculosis risk: mechanisms of action and clinical management
    Michael A Gardam
    Infection Prevention and Control and Tuberculosis Clinic, Division of Infectious Disease, University Health Network, Ontario, Toronto, Canada
    Lancet Infect Dis 3:148-55. 2003
  7. ncbi request reprint The authors respond
    Michael A Gardam
    MSc, MD, CM, MSc, FRCPC, Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Infection Prevention and Control Unit, University Health Network
    Healthc Pap 9:30-62. 2009
  8. ncbi request reprint Infection control and anesthesia: lessons learned from the Toronto SARS outbreak
    Philip W H Peng
    Departments of Anesthesia, and Medicine, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Can J Anaesth 50:989-97. 2003
  9. ncbi request reprint Healthcare-associated infections as patient safety indicators
    Michael A Gardam
    Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Infection Prevention and Control Unit, University Health Network
    Healthc Pap 9:8-24. 2009
  10. pmc Determining mortality rates attributable to Clostridium difficile infection
    Susy S Hota
    University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Emerg Infect Dis 18:305-7. 2012

Detail Information

Publications22

  1. ncbi request reprint Healthcare-associated infections: new initiatives and continuing challenges
    Michael Gardam
    MSc, MD, CM, MSc, FRCPC, is a member of the Infection Prevention and Control Unit, University Health Network UHN, in Toronto, Ontario the STOP Infections Now collaborative, Safer Healthcare Now and the Division of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, at the University of Toronto He can be contacted at 416 340 3758 or by e mail at
    Nurs Leadersh (Tor Ont) 25:36-41. 2012
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Healthcare-associated infections: new initiatives and continuing challenges
    Michael Gardam
    Infection Prevention and Control Unit, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario
    Healthc Q 15:36-41. 2012
    ....
  3. pmc Clinical effectiveness of rapid tests for methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in hospitalized patients: a systematic review
    Julie Polisena
    Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    BMC Infect Dis 11:336. 2011
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint Is surveillance for multidrug-resistant enterobacteriaceae an effective infection control strategy in the absence of an outbreak?
    Michael A Gardam
    Infection Prevention and Control Unit, Toronto General Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 2C4
    J Infect Dis 186:1754-60. 2002
    ..The annual cost of a surveillance program was calculated at Canadian $1,130,184.44. Thus, the routine and costly use of MDRE surveillance and isolation precautions are not warranted in the absence of a clonal outbreak in this population...
  5. ncbi request reprint Mycobacterial osteomyelitis and arthritis
    Michael Gardam
    Tuberculosis Clinic, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Infect Dis Clin North Am 19:819-30. 2005
    ..The treatment of mycobacterial bone and joint infection requires prolonged antibiotic therapy, often in conjunction with surgical intervention, particularly for spinal tuberculosis...
  6. ncbi request reprint Anti-tumour necrosis factor agents and tuberculosis risk: mechanisms of action and clinical management
    Michael A Gardam
    Infection Prevention and Control and Tuberculosis Clinic, Division of Infectious Disease, University Health Network, Ontario, Toronto, Canada
    Lancet Infect Dis 3:148-55. 2003
    ..Treatment of latent tuberculosis can be considered on an individual basis for TST-negative patients receiving anti-TNF agents when significant risk factors for infection are present...
  7. ncbi request reprint The authors respond
    Michael A Gardam
    MSc, MD, CM, MSc, FRCPC, Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Infection Prevention and Control Unit, University Health Network
    Healthc Pap 9:30-62. 2009
    ..For example, one could focus on, and sustain significant improvements in, cleaning and yet have a limited impact on infection rates because of poor compliance with hand hygiene and isolation procedures...
  8. ncbi request reprint Infection control and anesthesia: lessons learned from the Toronto SARS outbreak
    Philip W H Peng
    Departments of Anesthesia, and Medicine, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Can J Anaesth 50:989-97. 2003
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Healthcare-associated infections as patient safety indicators
    Michael A Gardam
    Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Infection Prevention and Control Unit, University Health Network
    Healthc Pap 9:8-24. 2009
    ..Finally, the impact of the burgeoning interest of the media, the threat of legal liability and the well-being of healthcare providers are discussed...
  10. pmc Determining mortality rates attributable to Clostridium difficile infection
    Susy S Hota
    University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Emerg Infect Dis 18:305-7. 2012
    ..Data on death within 30 days were more feasible than panel review and more accurate than death certificate data...
  11. doi request reprint Antimicrobial properties of hemokinin-1 against strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    Alexandra Berger
    Division of Stem Cell and Developmental Biology, Ontario Cancer Institute, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Life Sci 85:700-3. 2009
    ..In this study, we examined whether hemokinin-1, the newest member of the tachykinin family and a close relative of substance P, has antimicrobial properties which have been attributed to other neuropeptides including substance P...
  12. doi request reprint Outbreak of multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonization and infection secondary to imperfect intensive care unit room design
    Susy Hota
    Department of Infection Prevention and Control, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 30:25-33. 2009
    ..Biofilm formation allows the pathogen to persist in environmental reservoirs. Thus, multiple hospital room design elements, including sink placement and design, can impact nosocomial transmission of P. aeruginosa and other pathogens...
  13. ncbi request reprint The financial impact of controlling a respiratory virus outbreak in a teaching hospital: lessons learned from SARS
    Camille Achonu
    Infection Prevention and Control Unit, University Health Network, Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 96:52-4. 2005
    ..From the acute care hospital perspective, such estimates typically take into account the cost of supplies and equipment, but rarely consider indirect costs such as lost revenue due to the scaling down of programs...
  14. pmc The impact of prophylaxis of healthcare workers on influenza pandemic burden
    Michael Gardam
    Toronto General Hospital, Eaton South Wing, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2C4, Canada
    J R Soc Interface 4:727-34. 2007
    ..Therefore, prophylaxis of HCWs should be considered an important part of public health efforts for minimizing influenza pandemic burden and its socio-economic disruption...
  15. ncbi request reprint Collateral damage: the unforeseen effects of emergency outbreak policies
    Sue Lim
    Infection Prevention and Control Unit, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Lancet Infect Dis 4:697-703. 2004
    ..Several of the control strategies were difficult to implement and resulted in considerable confusion, fear, and costs. We discuss these difficulties and offer suggestions for improving outbreak planning...
  16. doi request reprint A population-based study of tuberculosis in children and adolescents in Ontario
    Wanatpreeya Phongsamart
    Division of Infectious Diseases, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:416-9. 2009
    ..There are few population-based data on presentation and treatment of tuberculosis (TB) in children and adolescents in Ontario...
  17. doi request reprint Reprocessing and reuse of single-use medical devices: a national survey of Canadian acute-care hospitals
    Julie Polisena
    Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 29:437-9. 2008
    ..Our response rate was 72% (413 responses), and 28% of hospitals reprocess single-use devices. The results showed that Canadian hospital practices have not changed much in the past decade...
  18. pmc Managing febrile respiratory illnesses during a hypothetical SARS outbreak
    Kamran Khan
    Inner City Health Research Unit, St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond St, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5B 1W8
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:191-200. 2005
    ..1% of circulating FRIs. Increasing influenza vaccination rates among the general population before the onset of respiratory season would save both money and lives...
  19. doi request reprint Infection control practices related to Clostridium difficile infection in acute care hospitals in Canada
    Denise Gravel
    Centre for Communicable Diseases and Infection Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Infect Control 37:9-14. 2009
    ..We carried out a survey to identify the infection prevention and control practices in place in Canadian hospitals participating in the Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program (CNISP)...
  20. doi request reprint Global public health implications of a mass gathering in Mecca, Saudi Arabia during the midst of an influenza pandemic
    Kamran Khan
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Travel Med 17:75-81. 2010
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Transmission of influenza A in human beings
    Gabrielle Brankston
    Infection Prevention and Control Unit, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Lancet Infect Dis 7:257-65. 2007
    ..Further research is required to better define conditions under which the influenza virus may transmit via the airborne route...
  22. ncbi request reprint Evidence for local transmission and reactivation of tuberculosis in the Toronto Somali community
    Camille Achonu
    Toronto Public Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Scand J Infect Dis 38:778-81. 2006
    ..We recommend that ongoing surveillance and treatment programmes be directed towards this community...