Murray W Enns

Summary

Affiliation: University of Manitoba
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Psychosocial and clinical predictors of symptom persistence vs remission in major depressive disorder
    Murray W Enns
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg
    Can J Psychiatry 50:769-77. 2005
  2. ncbi request reprint Personality and seasonal affective disorder: results from the CAN-SAD study
    Murray W Enns
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Canada
    J Affect Disord 93:35-42. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint Childhood adversities and risk for suicidal ideation and attempts: a longitudinal population-based study
    Murray W Enns
    Department of Psychiatry and Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Canada
    Psychol Med 36:1769-78. 2006
  4. doi request reprint Factors associated with multiple versus single episode suicide attempts in the 1990-1992 and 2001-2003 United States national comorbidity surveys
    Jina Pagura
    Department of Psychology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    J Nerv Ment Dis 196:806-13. 2008
  5. doi request reprint The incidence of mental illness in early motherhood in a population-based survey
    Natalie P Mota
    Department of Psychology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    J Nerv Ment Dis 199:170-5. 2011
  6. ncbi request reprint Exploring the correlates of suicide attempts among individuals with major depressive disorder: findings from the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions
    James M Bolton
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    J Clin Psychiatry 69:1139-49. 2008
  7. doi request reprint Childhood adversity and personality disorders: results from a nationally representative population-based study
    Tracie O Afifi
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, S113 Medical Services Building, 750 Bannatyne Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3E 0W3, Canada
    J Psychiatr Res 45:814-22. 2011
  8. doi request reprint Parents bereaved by offspring suicide: a population-based longitudinal case-control study
    James M Bolton
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    JAMA Psychiatry 70:158-67. 2013
  9. doi request reprint Demographic and social variables associated with problem gambling among men and women in Canada
    Tracie O Afifi
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Psychiatry Res 178:395-400. 2010
  10. doi request reprint Panic attacks as a risk for later psychopathology: results from a nationally representative survey
    D Jolene Kinley
    Department of Psychology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
    Depress Anxiety 28:412-9. 2011

Detail Information

Publications55

  1. ncbi request reprint Psychosocial and clinical predictors of symptom persistence vs remission in major depressive disorder
    Murray W Enns
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg
    Can J Psychiatry 50:769-77. 2005
    ..The present study evaluates the impact of a range of psychosocial factors on the outcome of major depression while controlling for the effect of clinical variables...
  2. ncbi request reprint Personality and seasonal affective disorder: results from the CAN-SAD study
    Murray W Enns
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Canada
    J Affect Disord 93:35-42. 2006
    ..The present study investigated the relationship between the five-factor model of personality (neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, conscientiousness) and SAD...
  3. ncbi request reprint Childhood adversities and risk for suicidal ideation and attempts: a longitudinal population-based study
    Murray W Enns
    Department of Psychiatry and Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Canada
    Psychol Med 36:1769-78. 2006
    ..The present study examined the association between childhood adversities and new onset suicidal ideation and attempts in an adult population-based sample...
  4. doi request reprint Factors associated with multiple versus single episode suicide attempts in the 1990-1992 and 2001-2003 United States national comorbidity surveys
    Jina Pagura
    Department of Psychology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    J Nerv Ment Dis 196:806-13. 2008
    ....
  5. doi request reprint The incidence of mental illness in early motherhood in a population-based survey
    Natalie P Mota
    Department of Psychology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    J Nerv Ment Dis 199:170-5. 2011
    ..60, 95% confidence interval: 0.39-0.91). No sociodemographic correlates of mental disorders were identified. Clinicians should be aware of these findings when counseling women about mental disorder risk postbirth...
  6. ncbi request reprint Exploring the correlates of suicide attempts among individuals with major depressive disorder: findings from the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions
    James M Bolton
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    J Clin Psychiatry 69:1139-49. 2008
    ..This study explores the sociodemographic variables, mental disorders, and specific depressive symptoms associated with suicide attempts in depression...
  7. doi request reprint Childhood adversity and personality disorders: results from a nationally representative population-based study
    Tracie O Afifi
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, S113 Medical Services Building, 750 Bannatyne Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3E 0W3, Canada
    J Psychiatr Res 45:814-22. 2011
    ..The purpose of the current study was to examine the relationship between a range of childhood adversities and PDs in a nationally representative sample while adjusting for Axis I mental disorders...
  8. doi request reprint Parents bereaved by offspring suicide: a population-based longitudinal case-control study
    James M Bolton
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    JAMA Psychiatry 70:158-67. 2013
    ..These consequences appear similar to those associated with MVC bereavement. Parents who lose offspring to suicide appear to be a vulnerable group even prior to their offspring's death...
  9. doi request reprint Demographic and social variables associated with problem gambling among men and women in Canada
    Tracie O Afifi
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Psychiatry Res 178:395-400. 2010
    ..These findings have important public health implications for identifying men and women who may be more likely to become problem gamblers in the general population...
  10. doi request reprint Panic attacks as a risk for later psychopathology: results from a nationally representative survey
    D Jolene Kinley
    Department of Psychology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
    Depress Anxiety 28:412-9. 2011
    ..Using a large nationally representative longitudinal survey of adults, we sought to determine whether panic attacks predict new onset Axis I disorders...
  11. doi request reprint Associations of obesity with psychiatric disorders and suicidal behaviors in a nationally representative sample
    Amber A Mather
    Department of Psychology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
    J Psychosom Res 66:277-85. 2009
    ..To determine whether obesity is associated with a variety of psychiatric outcomes after taking into account physical health conditions...
  12. ncbi request reprint A population-based study of the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors before and after introduction of generic equivalents
    James M Bolton
    Departments of Psychiatry and Psychology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba
    Can J Psychiatry 57:223-9. 2012
    ..This study sought to examine how user rates of individual selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) changed after the introduction of their generic equivalents...
  13. ncbi request reprint Quality of life as an outcome indicator in patients with seasonal affective disorder: results from the Can-SAD study
    Erin E Michalak
    Division of Clinical Neuroscience, Department of Psychiatry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Psychol Med 37:727-36. 2007
    ..We report here on results from the Can-SAD trial, which assessed the impact of treatment with either antidepressant medication or light therapy upon QoL in patients diagnosed with SAD...
  14. doi request reprint Chronic pain conditions and suicidal ideation and suicide attempts: an epidemiologic perspective
    Gregory E Ratcliffe
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
    Clin J Pain 24:204-10. 2008
    ..The present study used a large population-based sample to investigate the association between chronic pain conditions and SI and SA...
  15. doi request reprint Associations between body weight and personality disorders in a nationally representative sample
    Amber A Mather
    Departments of Psychology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Psychosom Med 70:1012-9. 2008
    ..Although personality functioning is hypothesized to be associated with body weight, there is a dearth of empirical evaluation of this topic...
  16. ncbi request reprint The relationship between problem gambling and mental and physical health correlates among a nationally representative sample of Canadian women
    Tracie O Afifi
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB
    Can J Public Health 101:171-5. 2010
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Child abuse and health-related quality of life in adulthood
    Tracie O Afifi
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:797-804. 2007
    ..Child abuse is an important determinant of HRQOL. The ability to successfully reduce the occurrence of child abuse or provide early intervention after child abuse occurs may help to improve HRQOL in the general population...
  18. ncbi request reprint Anxiety disorders and risk for suicide attempts: findings from the Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment area follow-up study
    James M Bolton
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Depress Anxiety 25:477-81. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that anxiety disorders are independent risk factors for suicide attempts, and underscore the importance of anxiety disorders as a serious public health problem...
  19. pmc Suicide and suicide attempts in children and adolescents in the child welfare system
    Laurence Y Katz
    Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Man
    CMAJ 183:1977-81. 2011
    ..We also examined these outcomes within the child welfare population before and after entry into care...
  20. doi request reprint The relationship between migraine and mental disorders in a population-based sample
    Gregory E Ratcliffe
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3E 3N4
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry 31:14-9. 2009
    ..The present study utilized a large population-based sample to investigate the association between physician-diagnosed migraine and mental disorders...
  21. ncbi request reprint Broad and specific personality dimensions associated with major depression in a nationally representative sample
    Brian J Cox
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    Compr Psychiatry 45:246-53. 2004
    ..In contrast, several other personality dimensions may be associated with major depression because of shared variance with psychiatric history and current emotional distress...
  22. pmc A population-based longitudinal study of risk factors for suicide attempts in major depressive disorder
    James M Bolton
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
    J Psychiatr Res 44:817-26. 2010
    ..43; 95% CI 1.93-10.18). These findings suggest that mental illness comorbidity confers an increased risk of future suicide attempts in major depressive disorder that is not solely accounted for by past suicidal behavior...
  23. pmc Effect of regulatory warnings on antidepressant prescription rates, use of health services and outcomes among children, adolescents and young adults
    Laurence Y Katz
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Man
    CMAJ 178:1005-11. 2008
    ..We sought to determine whether the Health Canada warning had the desired effects on prescribing patterns and outcomes and whether it had any unintended health consequences...
  24. ncbi request reprint Assessing self-critical perfectionism in clinical depression
    Ian P Clara
    Department of Psychology, University of Manitoba, Canada
    J Pers Assess 88:309-16. 2007
    ..In this study, we provided further support for the valid assessment of self-critical perfectionism and extended evidence for its assessment to a clinically depressed sample...
  25. ncbi request reprint The relation between types and frequency of gambling activities and problem gambling among women in Canada
    Tracie O Afifi
    Research Associate, Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba
    Can J Psychiatry 55:21-8. 2010
    ..A population health model was used to understand the relation between types and frequency of gambling activities and problem gambling among women in Canada...
  26. pmc Movement disorders in elderly users of risperidone and first generation antipsychotic agents: a Canadian population-based study
    Irina Vasilyeva
    Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    PLoS ONE 8:e64217. 2013
    ..A few observational studies have produced inconsistent results...
  27. ncbi request reprint Ten years of antipsychotic prescribing to children: a Canadian population-based study
    Silvia Alessi-Severini
    Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Manitoba, Apotex Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba
    Can J Psychiatry 57:52-8. 2012
    ..To report the prescribing of antipsychotics to the youth population of the Canadian province of Manitoba during the course of a decade...
  28. ncbi request reprint The fundamental structure of axis II personality disorders assessed in the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions
    Brian J Cox
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    J Clin Psychiatry 68:1913-20. 2007
    ..The current study employed confirmatory factor analysis to evaluate competing models of patterns of personality disorder diagnoses in a nationally representative sample...
  29. ncbi request reprint Psychological dimensions associated with suicidal ideation and attempts in the National Comorbidity Survey
    Brian J Cox
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Suicide Life Threat Behav 34:209-19. 2004
    ..The results support the value of examining psychological individual differences over sociodemographic and psychiatric diagnoses alone in the comprehensive assessment of factors associated with suicidality in the general population...
  30. ncbi request reprint Use of the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations in a clinically depressed sample: factor structure, personality correlates, and prediction of distress
    Lachlan A McWilliams
    PsycHealth Centre, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    J Clin Psychol 59:423-37. 2003
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Psychiatric correlates of childhood shyness in a nationally representative sample
    Brian J Cox
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg MB, Canada R3E 3N4
    Behav Res Ther 43:1019-27. 2005
    ..In a similar fashion, approximately 50% of individuals with a lifetime history of complex social phobia did not view themselves as very shy when growing up...
  32. ncbi request reprint Confirmatory factor analysis of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support in clinically distressed and student samples
    Ian P Clara
    Department of Psychology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    J Pers Assess 81:265-70. 2003
    ..These results support the use of the MSPSS as a brief instrument for assessing the hierarchical structure of perceived social support in a variety of samples...
  33. doi request reprint Risk factors for post-injury mental health problems
    Jitender Sareen
    Departments of Psychiatry, Psychology and Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Depress Anxiety 30:321-7. 2013
    ..We highlight inconsistent findings in the literature, identify directions for future research, and explore the implications of the risk factors identified for treatment and prevention...
  34. doi request reprint Adverse events in elderly users of antipsychotic pharmacotherapy in the province of Manitoba: a retrospective cohort study
    Irina Vasilyeva
    University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    J Clin Psychopharmacol 33:24-30. 2013
    ....
  35. doi request reprint The relationship between mental disorders, quality of life, and pregnancy: findings from a nationally representative sample
    Natalie Mota
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    J Affect Disord 109:300-4. 2008
    ..The present study examined health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and the prevalence of mental disorders in pregnant and past-year pregnant women compared to non-pregnant women...
  36. doi request reprint Utilization and costs of antipsychotic agents: a Canadian population-based study, 1996-2006
    Silvia Alessi-Severini
    Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Manitoba, Fort Garry Campus, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Psychiatr Serv 59:547-53. 2008
    ..This study evaluated the prescribing patterns and costs for antipsychotic agents in the population of the Canadian province of Manitoba over the past decade...
  37. ncbi request reprint Mental health profiles among married, never-married, and separated/divorced mothers in a nationally representative sample
    Tracie O Afifi
    University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 41:122-9. 2006
    ..The present study addressed the question "Are there differences in the prevalence of psychiatric disorders between married, never-married, and separated/divorced mothers?"..
  38. doi request reprint Childhood maltreatment and threats with weapons
    Hygiea Casiano
    Departments of Psychiatry and Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    J Nerv Ment Dis 197:856-61. 2009
    ..Prevention efforts that reduce exposure to maltreatment may reduce violent behavior in later life...
  39. ncbi request reprint The multidimensional structure of perfectionism in clinically distressed and college student samples
    Brian J Cox
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Psychol Assess 14:365-73. 2002
    ..The brief measures of perfectionism also retained the construct-related validity displayed by the full-item versions...
  40. ncbi request reprint Psychometric properties of an index of emotional distress in the U.S. National Comorbidity Survey
    Lachlan A McWilliams
    PZ 430 PsycHealth Centre, University of Manitoba, 771 Bannatyne Avenue, Winnipeg, MB, Canada R3E 3N4
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 38:256-61. 2003
    ..This paper provides an evaluation of the psychometric properties of the NCS Distress Index...
  41. ncbi request reprint Neuroticism and self-criticism associated with posttraumatic stress disorder in a nationally representative sample
    Brian J Cox
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, PZ 430 PsycHealth Centre, 771 Bannatyne Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3E 3N4
    Behav Res Ther 42:105-14. 2004
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Investigating health correlates of adolescent depression in Canada
    Tracie O Afifi
    University of Manitoba, Department of Community Health Sciences
    Can J Public Health 96:427-31. 2005
    ..Therefore, the aim of the present investigation was to understand which health determinants would be significantly associated with adolescent depression...
  43. pmc Population attributable fractions of psychiatric disorders and suicide ideation and attempts associated with adverse childhood experiences
    Tracie O Afifi
    Department of Community Health Sciences at the University of Manitoba, PZ 430771 Bannatyne Ave, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3E 3N4
    Am J Public Health 98:946-52. 2008
    ..We sought to determine the fractions of psychiatric disorders and suicide ideation and attempts in a general population sample attributable to childhood physical abuse, sexual abuse, and witnessing domestic violence...
  44. ncbi request reprint Mood and anxiety disorders associated with chronic pain: an examination in a nationally representative sample
    Lachlan A McWilliams
    Department of Psychology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Man, Canada
    Pain 106:127-33. 2003
    ..The findings of the present study raise the possibility that improved efforts regarding the detection and treatment of anxiety disorders may be required in pain treatment settings...
  45. ncbi request reprint Personality predictors of outcome for adolescents hospitalized for suicidal ideation
    Murray W Enns
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 42:720-7. 2003
    ..The present study was undertaken to examine the relationship between personality dimensions and the outcome of treatment of adolescents hospitalized for suicidal ideation or behavior...
  46. doi request reprint Increased suicidal activity following major trauma: A population-based study
    Justin March
    Department of Psychiatry J M, J S, S N, w h, D P, M W E, University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada Department of Surgery J P G, S L, Section of Plastic Surgery, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada Manitoba Centre for Health Policy M D, D C, S K, University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada Department of Surgery M H, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada Department of Internal Medicine W D L, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada 6 Department of Family and Preventive Medicine M B S, University of California San Diego, San Diego, California Anxiety and Illness Behaviours Laboratory G J G A, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada Department of Psychology M M, University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 76:180-4. 2014
    ..This study aimed to assess the odds ratio (OR) of suicidality among adults with major trauma compared with a matched cohort...
  47. doi request reprint Gatekeeper training for suicide prevention in First Nations community members: a randomized controlled trial
    Jitender Sareen
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada Department of Psychology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    Depress Anxiety 30:1021-9. 2013
    ....
  48. ncbi request reprint Posttraumatic stress disorder and the structure of common mental disorders
    Brian J Cox
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada
    Depress Anxiety 15:168-71. 2002
    ..An identical pattern of results emerged for both lifetime PTSD and 12-month PTSD prevalence figures. Implications of these findings for the classification of PTSD and research on its etiology are briefly discussed...
  49. ncbi request reprint Comparisons between the South Oaks Gambling Screen and a DSM-IV-based interview in a community survey of problem gambling
    Brian J Cox
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg
    Can J Psychiatry 49:258-64. 2004
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint An open-label clinical trial of nefazodone in hypochondriasis
    Kevin D Kjernisted
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Psychosomatics 43:290-4. 2002
    ..06). The results of this study suggest that nefazodone is a promising treatment for hypochondriasis. More extensive evaluation in longer open-label trials and double-blind, placebo-controlled trials would be warranted...
  51. ncbi request reprint The Can-SAD study: a randomized controlled trial of the effectiveness of light therapy and fluoxetine in patients with winter seasonal affective disorder
    Raymond W Lam
    Mood Disorders Centre, UBC Hospital, 2255 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 2A1
    Am J Psychiatry 163:805-12. 2006
    ..This study compared the effectiveness of light therapy and an antidepressant within a single trial...
  52. ncbi request reprint Personality correlates of outpatient mental health service utilization: findings from the U.S. national comorbidity survey
    Lachlan A McWilliams
    Department of Psychology, Acadia University, Wolfville, NS, Canada
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 41:357-63. 2006
    ..The present paper investigated the relationships between several personality constructs and the use of outpatient mental health services...
  53. ncbi request reprint Potential for misuse of sedatives
    Jitender Sareen
    Am J Psychiatry 161:1722-3; author reply 1723. 2004
  54. ncbi request reprint O sweet spot where art thou? Light treatment of Seasonal Affective Disorder and the circadian time of sleep
    Greg Murray
    Faculty of Life and Social Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, PO Box 218 John St, Hawthorn 3122 Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    J Affect Disord 90:227-31. 2006
    ..Findings are discussed in terms of the study's limitations and the experimental challenge of parsing independent and interacting contributions of sleep and circadian phase...
  55. ncbi request reprint Therapeutic mechanism in seasonal affective disorder: do fluoxetine and light operate through advancing circadian phase?
    Greg Murray
    Faculty of Life and Social Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Chronobiol Int 22:937-43. 2005
    ..The study therefore provides no evidence that circadian phase advance mediates the therapeutic mechanism in patients with SAD. Findings are discussed in terms of the limitations of the circadian measures employed...