C L E Dennis


Affiliation: University of Toronto
Country: Canada


  1. Dennis C, Dowswell T. Interventions (other than pharmacological, psychosocial or psychological) for treating antenatal depression. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;:CD006795 pubmed publisher
    ..The included trials were too small with non-generalisable samples, to make any recommendations. ..
  2. Dennis C, Brennenstuhl S, Abbass Dick J. Measuring paternal breastfeeding self-efficacy: A psychometric evaluation of the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form among fathers. Midwifery. 2018;64:17-22 pubmed publisher
    ..This study provides initial evidence that the modified BSES-SF is a valid and reliable measure of breastfeeding self-efficacy among fathers, especially when used following hospital discharge. ..
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    Dennis C, McQueen K. Does maternal postpartum depressive symptomatology influence infant feeding outcomes?. Acta Paediatr. 2007;96:590-4 pubmed
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    Dennis C, Letourneau N. Global and relationship-specific perceptions of support and the development of postpartum depressive symptomatology. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2007;42:389-95 pubmed
    ..Maternal mood at 1 week postpartum was the largest predictor of depressive symptomatology at 8 weeks. ..
  5. Dennis C, Hodnett E, Kenton L, Weston J, Zupancic J, Stewart D, et al. Effect of peer support on prevention of postnatal depression among high risk women: multisite randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2009;338:a3064 pubmed publisher
    ..Telephone based peer support can be effective in preventing postnatal depression among women at high risk. ISRCTN 68337727. ..
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    Dennis C, Ross L. The clinical utility of maternal self-reported personal and familial psychiatric history in identifying women at risk for postpartum depression. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2006;85:1179-85 pubmed
  7. Dennis C, Jackson K, Watson J. Interventions for treating painful nipples among breastfeeding women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014;:CD007366 pubmed publisher
  8. Dennis C. Postpartum depression peer support: maternal perceptions from a randomized controlled trial. Int J Nurs Stud. 2010;47:560-8 pubmed publisher
  9. Dennis C, McQueen K. The relationship between infant-feeding outcomes and postpartum depression: a qualitative systematic review. Pediatrics. 2009;123:e736-51 pubmed publisher
    ..However, strategies to address help-seeking barriers are needed if women are to receive appropriate and timely treatment. Research to determine effective interventions to support depressed breastfeeding women is warranted. ..

More Information


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    Dennis C, Ross L. Women's perceptions of partner support and conflict in the development of postpartum depressive symptoms. J Adv Nurs. 2006;56:588-99 pubmed
    ..Partners should also be encouraged to participate actively in household tasks and infant care activities to protect the mother from becoming overwhelmed. ..
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    Dennis C, Ross L. Depressive symptomatology in the immediate postnatal period: identifying maternal characteristics related to true- and false-positive screening scores. Can J Psychiatry. 2006;51:265-73 pubmed
  3. Dennis C, Coghlan M, Vigod S. Can we identify mothers at-risk for postpartum anxiety in the immediate postpartum period using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory?. J Affect Disord. 2013;150:1217-20 pubmed publisher
    ..A cut-off score of >40 on the STAI administered early in the postpartum period is recommended in a 2-phase identification program in order to not miss mothers with postpartum anxiety. ..
  4. Dennis C, Kingston D. A systematic review of telephone support for women during pregnancy and the early postpartum period. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2008;37:301-14 pubmed publisher
    ..No telephone interventions were effective in improving preterm birth or smoking cessation rates. Additional research is encouraged. ..
  5. Dennis C, Merry L, Stewart D, Gagnon A. Prevalence, continuation, and identification of postpartum depressive symptomatology among refugee, asylum-seeking, non-refugee immigrant, and Canadian-born women: results from a prospective cohort study. Arch Womens Ment Health. 2016;19:959-967 pubmed publisher
  6. Dennis C, Falah Hassani K, Shiri R. Prevalence of antenatal and postnatal anxiety: systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Psychiatry. 2017;210:315-323 pubmed publisher
    ..Rates were higher in low- to middle-income countries.ConclusionsResults suggest perinatal anxiety is highly prevalent and merits clinical attention. Research is warranted to develop evidence-based interventions. ..
  7. Dennis C, Brennenstuhl S, Wanigaratne S, Brown H, Grigoriadis S, Marini F, et al. Unique trajectories of anxiety among Chinese-Canadian women across the first postpartum year: A longitudinal cohort study. J Affect Disord. 2018;230:71-76 pubmed publisher
    ..We identified three subtypes of postpartum anxiety trajectories. These groups of women may respond differently to interventions due to exposure to various combinations of risk factors. ..
  8. Dennis C, Schottle N, Hodnett E, McQueen K. An all-purpose nipple ointment versus lanolin in treating painful damaged nipples in breastfeeding women: a randomized controlled trial. Breastfeed Med. 2012;7:473-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Results suggest that APNO is not superior to lanolin in treating painful, damaged nipples. ..
  9. Dennis C, Dowswell T. Psychosocial and psychological interventions for preventing postpartum depression. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;:CD001134 pubmed publisher
    ..Promising interventions include the provision of intensive, professionally-based postpartum home visits, telephone-based peer support, and interpersonal psychotherapy. ..
  10. Vigod S, Hussain Shamsy N, Grigoriadis S, Howard L, Metcalfe K, Oberlander T, et al. A patient decision aid for antidepressant use in pregnancy: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2016;17:110 pubmed publisher
    ..This trial is registered on ClinicalTrials.Gov under the identifier NCT02308592 (first registered: 2 December 2014). ..
  11. Dennis C, Brown H, Falah Hassani K, Marini F, Vigod S. Identifying women at risk for sustained postpartum anxiety. J Affect Disord. 2017;213:131-137 pubmed publisher
    ..These factors may also be potential targets for individual or couples therapy to treat postpartum anxiety. ..
  12. Dennis C, Brown H, Brennenstuhl S. The Postpartum Partner Support Scale: Development, psychometric assessment, and predictive validity in a Canadian prospective cohort. Midwifery. 2017;54:18-24 pubmed publisher
  13. Dennis C, Brown H, Wanigaratne S, Vigod S, Grigoriadis S, Fung K, et al. Determinants of comorbid depression and anxiety postnatally: A longitudinal cohort study of Chinese-Canadian women. J Affect Disord. 2018;227:24-30 pubmed publisher
    ..The factors identified herein offer insight into groups of Chinese-Canadian women who might benefit most from early identification and treatment and suggest targets for prevention. ..