L E Carlson

Summary

Affiliation: University of Calgary
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi Development of the Calgary Symptoms of Stress Inventory (C-SOSI)
    Linda E Carlson
    Department of Oncology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Int J Behav Med 14:249-56. 2007
  2. pmc Mindfulness-based interventions for physical conditions: a narrative review evaluating levels of evidence
    Linda E Carlson
    Division of Psychosocial Oncology, Department of Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N 4N2 Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Alberta Health Services Cancer Care, Calgary, AB, Canada T2S 3C1
    ISRN Psychiatry 2012:651583. 2012
  3. doi Screening for distress, the sixth vital sign, in lung cancer patients: effects on pain, fatigue, and common problems--secondary outcomes of a randomized controlled trial
    Linda E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Psychooncology 22:1880-8. 2013
  4. pmc Screening for distress, the 6th vital sign: common problems in cancer outpatients over one year in usual care: associations with marital status, sex, and age
    Janine Giese-Davis
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Canada
    BMC Cancer 12:441. 2012
  5. pmc The eCALM Trial-eTherapy for cancer appLying mindfulness: online mindfulness-based cancer recovery program for underserved individuals living with cancer in Alberta: protocol development for a randomized wait-list controlled clinical trial
    Kristin A Zernicke
    Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    BMC Complement Altern Med 13:34. 2013
  6. doi What goes up does not always come down: patterns of distress, physical and psychosocial morbidity in people with cancer over a one year period
    Linda E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Psychooncology 22:168-76. 2013
  7. pmc Online screening for distress, the 6th vital sign, in newly diagnosed oncology outpatients: randomised controlled trial of computerised vs personalised triage
    L E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Alberta Health Services Cancer Care Holy Cross Site, 2202 2nd Street SW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2S 3C1
    Br J Cancer 107:617-25. 2012
  8. ncbi Mindfulness-based stress reduction in relation to quality of life, mood, symptoms of stress, and immune parameters in breast and prostate cancer outpatients
    Linda E Carlson
    Department Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Psychosom Med 65:571-81. 2003
  9. ncbi Mindfulness-based stress reduction in relation to quality of life, mood, symptoms of stress and levels of cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) and melatonin in breast and prostate cancer outpatients
    Linda E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Alberta Cancer Board, 1331 29 Street NW, Calgary, Alta, Canada T2N 4N2
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 29:448-74. 2004
  10. pmc High levels of untreated distress and fatigue in cancer patients
    L E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Alberta Cancer Board, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Br J Cancer 90:2297-304. 2004

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications58

  1. ncbi Development of the Calgary Symptoms of Stress Inventory (C-SOSI)
    Linda E Carlson
    Department of Oncology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Int J Behav Med 14:249-56. 2007
    ....
  2. pmc Mindfulness-based interventions for physical conditions: a narrative review evaluating levels of evidence
    Linda E Carlson
    Division of Psychosocial Oncology, Department of Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N 4N2 Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Alberta Health Services Cancer Care, Calgary, AB, Canada T2S 3C1
    ISRN Psychiatry 2012:651583. 2012
    ..The field would benefit from more adequately powered randomized controlled trials utilizing active comparison groups and assessing the moderating role of patient characteristics and program "dose" in determining outcomes...
  3. doi Screening for distress, the sixth vital sign, in lung cancer patients: effects on pain, fatigue, and common problems--secondary outcomes of a randomized controlled trial
    Linda E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Psychooncology 22:1880-8. 2013
    ..This randomized controlled trial examined the impact of an online routine screening for distress program on physical symptoms and common psychosocial and practical problems in lung cancer outpatients...
  4. pmc Screening for distress, the 6th vital sign: common problems in cancer outpatients over one year in usual care: associations with marital status, sex, and age
    Janine Giese-Davis
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Canada
    BMC Cancer 12:441. 2012
    ..Specifically, we examined whether marital status, sex, age, and their interactions predicted these trajectories. We did not actively triage or refer patients in this study in order to examine the natural course of problem reports...
  5. pmc The eCALM Trial-eTherapy for cancer appLying mindfulness: online mindfulness-based cancer recovery program for underserved individuals living with cancer in Alberta: protocol development for a randomized wait-list controlled clinical trial
    Kristin A Zernicke
    Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    BMC Complement Altern Med 13:34. 2013
    ..Secondary objectives: determine whether online MBCR will mirror previous efficacy findings from F2F MBCR groups on patient-reported outcomes...
  6. doi What goes up does not always come down: patterns of distress, physical and psychosocial morbidity in people with cancer over a one year period
    Linda E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Psychooncology 22:168-76. 2013
    ..This study longitudinally examined patients' physical and psychosocial concerns over the year following diagnosis...
  7. pmc Online screening for distress, the 6th vital sign, in newly diagnosed oncology outpatients: randomised controlled trial of computerised vs personalised triage
    L E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Alberta Health Services Cancer Care Holy Cross Site, 2202 2nd Street SW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2S 3C1
    Br J Cancer 107:617-25. 2012
    ..This randomised controlled trial examined the impact of screening for distress followed by two different triage methods on clinically relevant outcomes over a 12-month period...
  8. ncbi Mindfulness-based stress reduction in relation to quality of life, mood, symptoms of stress, and immune parameters in breast and prostate cancer outpatients
    Linda E Carlson
    Department Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Psychosom Med 65:571-81. 2003
    ....
  9. ncbi Mindfulness-based stress reduction in relation to quality of life, mood, symptoms of stress and levels of cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) and melatonin in breast and prostate cancer outpatients
    Linda E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Alberta Cancer Board, 1331 29 Street NW, Calgary, Alta, Canada T2N 4N2
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 29:448-74. 2004
    ....
  10. pmc High levels of untreated distress and fatigue in cancer patients
    L E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Alberta Cancer Board, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Br J Cancer 90:2297-304. 2004
    ..Many patients who report high levels of distress are not taking advantage of available supportive resources. Barriers to such use, and factors predicting distress and use of psychosocial care, require further exploration...
  11. ncbi Validation of the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale in a cancer population
    Linda E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Holy Cross Site, Alberta Cancer Board, 2202 2nd Street S W, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2S 3C1
    J Psychosom Res 58:29-33. 2005
    ..This study examined the construct and criterion validity of the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) in cancer outpatients, using matched community members as controls...
  12. ncbi Associations among salivary cortisol, melatonin, catecholamines, sleep quality and stress in women with breast cancer and healthy controls
    Linda E Carlson
    Department of Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada
    J Behav Med 30:45-58. 2007
    ..These results are consistent with other studies of early-stage breast cancer and highlight the importance of considering disease characteristics when investigating endocrine and sympathetic nervous system functioning...
  13. pmc Benefits of psychosocial oncology care: improved quality of life and medical cost offset
    Linda E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Alberta Cancer Board, Canada
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 1:8. 2003
    ....
  14. ncbi Cancer distress screening. Needs, models, and methods
    Linda E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Alberta Cancer Board, 1331 29 Street N W, T2N 4N2, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    J Psychosom Res 55:403-9. 2003
    ....
  15. ncbi A randomized, wait-list controlled clinical trial: the effect of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction program on mood and symptoms of stress in cancer outpatients
    M Speca
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Alberta Cancer Board, Canada
    Psychosom Med 62:613-22. 2000
    ..The objective of this study was to assess the effects of participation in a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction program on mood disturbance and symptoms of stress in cancer outpatients...
  16. ncbi One year pre-post intervention follow-up of psychological, immune, endocrine and blood pressure outcomes of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) in breast and prostate cancer outpatients
    Linda E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre Holy Cross Site, Alberta Cancer Board, 2202 Second St S W, Calgary, Alta, Canada T3B 0W7
    Brain Behav Immun 21:1038-49. 2007
    ....
  17. ncbi Steroid hormones, memory and mood in a healthy elderly population
    L E Carlson
    Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 23:583-603. 1998
    ..05), while both groups of women performed better than men on category retrieval (p < .01). The implications of these findings with respect to hormonal influences on memory in elderly men and women are discussed...
  18. ncbi Partner understanding of the breast and prostate cancer experience
    L E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, 1331 29 Street N W, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N2, Canada
    Cancer Nurs 24:231-9. 2001
    ....
  19. ncbi Empirically supported treatments: will this movement in the field of psychology impact the practice of psychosocial oncology?
    A L Ellwood
    Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2N 1N4
    Psychooncology 10:199-205. 2001
    ..The discipline of psychosocial oncology is encouraged to consider the possible implications of accepting or not accepting the EST criteria...
  20. doi Recruitment and retention of palliative cancer patients and their partners participating in a longitudinal evaluation of a psychosocial retreat program
    Sheila N Garland
    Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Palliat Support Care 7:49-56. 2009
    ..This study evaluated the feasibility of offering the Tapestry Retreat, an intensive psychosocial intervention for palliative care patients and their partners...
  21. ncbi The effects of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction program on mood and symptoms of stress in cancer outpatients: 6-month follow-up
    L E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Center, Alberta Cancer Board, 1331 29 St N W, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 4N2
    Support Care Cancer 9:112-23. 2001
    ....
  22. ncbi Longitudinal effects of high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation on quality of life in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer
    L E Carlson
    Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Bone Marrow Transplant 27:989-98. 2001
    ....
  23. ncbi Relationships among cortisol (CRT), dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEAS), and memory in a longitudinal study of healthy elderly men and women
    L E Carlson
    Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    Neurobiol Aging 20:315-24. 1999
    ....
  24. ncbi Impact of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on sleep, mood, stress and fatigue symptoms in cancer outpatients
    Linda E Carlson
    Department of Oncology, Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Int J Behav Med 12:278-85. 2005
    ..There was also a significant reduction in stress (p < .001), mood disturbance (p = .001), and fatigue (p < .001). The associations among these changes and implications for improving quality of life of cancer patients are discussed...
  25. doi Feasibility study of a telehealth delivered, psychoeducational support group for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients
    Joshua J Lounsberry
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Alberta Cancer Board, Calgary, AB, Canada
    Psychooncology 19:777-81. 2010
    ..This study investigates the feasibility and efficacy of a telehealth delivered psychoeducational support group for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (AHSCT) survivors...
  26. ncbi Computerized quality-of-life screening in a cancer pain clinic
    L E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    J Palliat Care 17:46-52. 2001
    ....
  27. pmc Characterizing distress, the 6th vital sign, in an oncology pain clinic
    A Waller
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, AB
    Curr Oncol 19:e53-9. 2012
    ..The delineation of populations of cancer patients with complex symptoms can inform the planning and delivery of supportive care services...
  28. ncbi Eight-year follow-up of a community-based large group behavioral smoking cessation intervention
    L E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Addict Behav 25:725-41. 2000
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of a large group community-based behavioral smoking cessation intervention over an 8-year follow-up period and to determine precessation predictors of cessation at each follow-up time...
  29. doi Sexual intimacy in heterosexual couples after prostate cancer treatment: What we know and what we still need to learn
    Andrea M Beck
    Department of Psychology, University of Calgary and Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Urol Oncol 27:137-43. 2009
    ....
  30. ncbi Cancer patients' satisfaction with care in traditional and innovative ambulatory oncology clinics
    Shannon L Groff
    Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    J Nurs Care Qual 23:251-7. 2008
    ..However, the 2 centers did not differ on any of the other satisfaction subscales. Implications of these findings are discussed...
  31. doi Mind-body interventions in oncology
    Linda E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre Alberta Cancer Board, Holy Cross Site, Calgary, AB, Canada
    Curr Treat Options Oncol 9:127-34. 2008
    ....
  32. doi Cancer patient ethnicity and associations with emotional distress--the 6th vital sign: a new look at defining patient ethnicity in a multicultural context
    Bejoy C Thomas
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre Holy Cross Site, Alberta Cancer Board, 2202 2nd St S W, Calgary, AB, Canada T2S 3C1
    J Immigr Minor Health 11:237-48. 2009
    ..A hypothesis is presented as an attempt to understand an individual's 'ethnicity' within the framework of a multicultural society...
  33. doi Clinical trials of meditation practices in health care: characteristics and quality
    Maria B Ospina
    University of Alberta Evidence Based Practice Center, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    J Altern Complement Med 14:1199-213. 2008
    ..To provide a descriptive overview of the clinical trials assessing meditation practices for health care...
  34. doi Screening for distress in lung and breast cancer outpatients: a randomized controlled trial
    Linda E Carlson
    Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    J Clin Oncol 28:4884-91. 2010
    ..Distress has been recognized as the sixth vital sign in cancer care and several guidelines recommend routine screening. Despite this, screening for distress is rarely conducted and infrequently evaluated...
  35. ncbi Assessing the role of evidence in patients' evaluation of complementary therapies: a quality study
    Marja J Verhoef
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
    Integr Cancer Ther 6:345-53. 2007
    ..Making the decision to use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for cancer treatment is difficult in light of the limited available evidence for these treatments. It is unclear how patients use evidence to make these decisions...
  36. ncbi Patient-professional communication research in cancer: an integrative review of research methods in the context of a conceptual framework
    Linda E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Alberta Cancer Board, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Psychooncology 14:812-28; discussion 829-30. 2005
    ....
  37. ncbi A pilot study of yoga for breast cancer survivors: physical and psychological benefits
    S Nicole Culos-Reed
    Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada
    Psychooncology 15:891-7. 2006
    ..g. fatigue, nausea), and improving overall well-being and quality of life. The purpose of the present pilot study was to examine the physical and psychological benefits afforded by a 7-week yoga program for cancer survivors...
  38. pmc Individualized quality of life, standardized quality of life, and distress in patients undergoing a phase I trial of the novel therapeutic Reolysin (reovirus)
    Linda E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre Holy Cross Site, 2202 Second St, SW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 3:7. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the individualized and standardized quality of life (QL) and psychological distress of patients participating in a Phase I trial of the novel therapeutic reovirus (Reolysin)...
  39. ncbi Efficacy and medical cost offset of psychosocial interventions in cancer care: making the case for economic analyses
    Linda E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Alberta Cancer Board, Canada
    Psychooncology 13:837-49; discussion 850-6. 2004
    ....
  40. ncbi Relationships between mood and estradiol (E2) levels in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients
    L E Carlson
    Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 55:P47-53. 2000
    ..This suggests that depressive symptoms are common in AD patients, and that women with AD who are not taking estrogen replacement may be especially vulnerable to depression...
  41. ncbi Pilot crossover trial of Reiki versus rest for treating cancer-related fatigue
    Kathy L Tsang
    Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Integr Cancer Ther 6:25-35. 2007
    ..005), and anxiety (P<.01), which were not seen in the resting condition. Future research should further investigate the impact of Reiki using more highly controlled designs that include a sham Reiki condition and larger sample sizes...
  42. ncbi A non-randomized comparison of mindfulness-based stress reduction and healing arts programs for facilitating post-traumatic growth and spirituality in cancer outpatients
    Sheila N Garland
    Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Support Care Cancer 15:949-61. 2007
    ....
  43. ncbi Effects of a brief intervention on social support and psychiatric morbidity in breast cancer patients
    J Steven A Simpson
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Psychooncology 11:282-94. 2002
    ..This illustrates the importance of both working to bolster social support and dealing with psychiatric symptomatology in this population...
  44. ncbi Individualized exercise program for the treatment of severe fatigue in patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplant: a pilot study
    L E Carlson
    Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Alberta Cancer Board, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Bone Marrow Transplant 37:945-54. 2006
    ..001) of 28% in power output at VT2 with an increase (P<0.001) in stroke volume and a decrease (P<0.001) in heart rate, blood lactate and perceived exertion at pre-intervention VT2 power output...
  45. ncbi Effect of group therapy for breast cancer on healthcare utilization
    J S Simpson
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Cancer Pract 9:19-26. 2001
    ....
  46. doi Patient ethnicity: a key predictor of cancer care satisfaction
    Bejoy C Thomas
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Alberta, Canada
    Ethn Health 14:351-8. 2009
    ..Research in cancer care satisfaction itself is scarce; investigation of the role of ethnicity in care satisfaction is even rarer...
  47. doi The Alberta Breakthrough Pain Assessment Tool for cancer patients: a validation study using a delphi process and patient think-aloud interviews
    Neil A Hagen
    Tom Baker Cancer Centre, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada
    J Pain Symptom Manage 35:136-52. 2008
    ..Further validation of this tool as an assessment measure within clinical trials research is warranted...
  48. ncbi Cognitive effects of Tamoxifen in pre-menopausal women with breast cancer compared to healthy controls
    Jaime L Palmer
    Division of Applied Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
    J Cancer Surviv 2:275-82. 2008
    ..Although TAM is an effective anti-estrogen that blocks tumour growth in the breast, it could also influence the activity of other target estrogen sites, including the brain. The exact nature of this interaction is unknown...
  49. ncbi The addition of social support to a community-based large-group behavioral smoking cessation intervention: improved cessation rates and gender differences
    Linda E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Addict Behav 27:547-59. 2002
    ..To determine the effects on cessation rates of adding a partner support group component to a large-group community-based behavioral smoking cessation program...
  50. doi Colorectal cancer screening among first-degree relatives of colorectal cancer patients: benefits and barriers
    Lloyd A Mack
    Department of Surgery and Oncology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
    Ann Surg Oncol 16:2092-100. 2009
    ..Study objectives were: (1) to estimate the proportion of first-degree relatives (FDR) of CRC patients being screened for CRC and (2) to identify predictors of screened behavior...
  51. ncbi Evaluation of a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program for caregivers of children with chronic conditions
    Holly G Minor
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, ACB Holy Cross Site, Calgary, 783 Mann Ave, Alberta, Canada
    Soc Work Health Care 43:91-109. 2006
    ..A Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program may offer relief to these caregivers by providing tools for self-care and heath promotion that otherwise may be lacking...
  52. ncbi Predictive value of aspects of the Transtheoretical Model on smoking cessation in a community-based, large-group cognitive behavioral program
    Linda E Carlson
    Department of Psychosocial Resources, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, 1331 29 Street Northwest, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 4N2
    Addict Behav 28:725-40. 2003
    ..To evaluate the predictive value of aspects of the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) of behavior change as applied to smoking cessation in a large-group, community-based cognitive-behavioral intervention...
  53. ncbi Emotional distress: the sixth vital sign in cancer care
    Barry D Bultz
    J Clin Oncol 23:6440-1. 2005
  54. ncbi Lived experiences of Canadian women with metastatic breast cancer in preparation for their death: a qualitative study. Part I--preparations and consequences
    Kanoknuch Chunlestskul
    Faculty of Nursing, Burapha University, Thailand
    J Palliat Care 24:5-15. 2008
    ..This study aimed to detail the tasks of death preparation and the consequences of such preparation for women with metastatic breast cancer...
  55. ncbi Lived experiences of Canadian women with metastatic breast cancer in preparation for their death: a qualitative study. Part II--enabling and inhibiting factors; the paradox of death preparation
    Kanoknuch Chunlestskul
    Faculty of Nursing, Burapha University, Thailand
    J Palliat Care 24:16-25. 2008
    ....
  56. ncbi Emotional distress: the sixth vital sign--future directions in cancer care
    Barry D Bultz
    Psychooncology 15:93-5. 2006
  57. ncbi Mechanisms of mindfulness
    Shauna L Shapiro
    Department of Counseling Psychology, Santa Clara University, CA 95053 0201, USA
    J Clin Psychol 62:373-86. 2006
    ..Potential implications and future directions for the empirical study of mechanisms involved in mindfulness are addressed...