Richard Brull

Summary

Affiliation: University of Toronto
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi Disclosure of risks associated with regional anesthesia: a survey of academic regional anesthesiologists
    Richard Brull
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 32:7-11. 2007
  2. ncbi Neurological complications after regional anesthesia: contemporary estimates of risk
    Richard Brull
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Anesth Analg 104:965-74. 2007
  3. ncbi Compared with dual nerve stimulation, ultrasound guidance shortens the time for infraclavicular block performance
    Richard Brull
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Can J Anaesth 56:812-8. 2009
  4. doi Practical knobology for ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia
    Richard Brull
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 35:S68-73. 2010
  5. doi Practice patterns related to block selection, nerve localization and risk disclosure: a survey of the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
    Richard Brull
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 33:395-403. 2008
  6. ncbi Ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve blockade
    Richard Brull
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, 399 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario M5T 2S8, Canada
    Curr Pain Headache Rep 11:25-32. 2007
  7. doi Is circumferential injection advantageous for ultrasound-guided popliteal sciatic nerve block?: A proof-of-concept study
    Richard Brull
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 36:266-70. 2011
  8. doi Is a patella motor response necessary for continuous femoral nerve blockade performed in conjunction with ultrasound guidance?
    Richard Brull
    Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital, 399 Bathurst St, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Anesth Analg 112:982-6. 2011
  9. ncbi Single-injection or continuous femoral nerve block for total knee arthroplasty?
    Eric Albrecht
    Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital, 399 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5T 2S8, Canada
    Clin Orthop Relat Res 472:1384-93. 2014
  10. doi Ultrasound-guided popliteal block distal to sciatic nerve bifurcation shortens onset time: a prospective randomized double-blind study
    Arun Prasad
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 35:267-71. 2010

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications58

  1. ncbi Disclosure of risks associated with regional anesthesia: a survey of academic regional anesthesiologists
    Richard Brull
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 32:7-11. 2007
    ....
  2. ncbi Neurological complications after regional anesthesia: contemporary estimates of risk
    Richard Brull
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Anesth Analg 104:965-74. 2007
    ..In this brief narrative review we collate the contemporary investigations of neurological complications after the most common RA techniques...
  3. ncbi Compared with dual nerve stimulation, ultrasound guidance shortens the time for infraclavicular block performance
    Richard Brull
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Can J Anaesth 56:812-8. 2009
    ..Ultrasound guidance may be associated with greater success. This study compared ultrasound guided infraclavicular block with a dual motor endpoint nerve stimulation technique...
  4. doi Practical knobology for ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia
    Richard Brull
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 35:S68-73. 2010
    ..An understanding of machine knobology is integral to performing safe and successful ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia...
  5. doi Practice patterns related to block selection, nerve localization and risk disclosure: a survey of the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
    Richard Brull
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 33:395-403. 2008
    ..We aimed to identify current clinical practice patterns among members of the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ASRA) members that relate to complications of regional anesthesia (RA)...
  6. ncbi Ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve blockade
    Richard Brull
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, 399 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario M5T 2S8, Canada
    Curr Pain Headache Rep 11:25-32. 2007
    ..This article reviews the advantages, principles, and techniques of US for the most common types of PNB...
  7. doi Is circumferential injection advantageous for ultrasound-guided popliteal sciatic nerve block?: A proof-of-concept study
    Richard Brull
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 36:266-70. 2011
    ..We aimed to determine whether ensuring circumferential spread of local anesthetic is advantageous for US-guided popliteal sciatic nerve block...
  8. doi Is a patella motor response necessary for continuous femoral nerve blockade performed in conjunction with ultrasound guidance?
    Richard Brull
    Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital, 399 Bathurst St, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Anesth Analg 112:982-6. 2011
    ..We evaluated whether a patella motor response is necessary when CFNB is performed in conjunction with ultrasound (US) guidance...
  9. ncbi Single-injection or continuous femoral nerve block for total knee arthroplasty?
    Eric Albrecht
    Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital, 399 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5T 2S8, Canada
    Clin Orthop Relat Res 472:1384-93. 2014
    ..The ideal local anesthetic regime for femoral nerve block that balances analgesia with mobility after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remains undefined...
  10. doi Ultrasound-guided popliteal block distal to sciatic nerve bifurcation shortens onset time: a prospective randomized double-blind study
    Arun Prasad
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 35:267-71. 2010
    ..We hypothesized that SNB distal to its bifurcation (blocking its 2 main branches tibial and common peroneal nerves separately) is associated with a shorter onset time than blockade proximal to its bifurcation...
  11. ncbi Ultrasound guidance improves success rate of axillary brachial plexus block
    Vincent W S Chan
    Department of Anesthesia, University of Toronto and Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto, Canada
    Can J Anaesth 54:176-82. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study is to determine if real time ultrasound guidance improves the success rate of axillary brachial plexus blockade...
  12. doi Evolution of ultrasound guided axillary brachial plexus blockade: retrospective analysis of 662 blocks
    Nick Lo
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Can J Anaesth 55:408-13. 2008
    ....
  13. doi Minimum effective volume of local anesthetic for ultrasound-guided supraclavicular brachial plexus block
    Edel Duggan
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital University Health Network, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 34:215-8. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the minimum effective anesthetic volume required to produce an effective supraclavicular block for surgical anesthesia using an ultrasound (US)-guided technique...
  14. doi Spinal mepivacaine with fentanyl for outpatient knee arthroscopy surgery: a randomized controlled trial
    Dermot O'Donnell
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, Mc Laughlin Pavilion 2 405, 399 Bathurst Street, Toronto, ON, M5T 2S8, Canada
    Can J Anaesth 57:32-8. 2010
    ....
  15. doi Ultrasound guidance improves the success of sciatic nerve block at the popliteal fossa
    Anahi Perlas
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 33:259-65. 2008
    ..In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that ultrasound guidance improves the success rate of sciatic nerve block at the popliteal fossa when compared with a nerve stimulator-guided technique...
  16. ncbi Ultrasound-guided sciatic nerve block in overweight and obese patients: a randomized comparison of performance time between the infragluteal and subgluteal space techniques
    Faraj W Abdallah
    From the Department of Anesthesia, St Michael s Hospital and Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 38:547-52. 2013
    ..We aimed to evaluate whether the subgluteal space technique shortens SNB performance time in overweight and obese patients compared with the conventional infragluteal technique...
  17. ncbi The impact of analgesic modality on early ambulation following total knee arthroplasty
    Anahi Perlas
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 38:334-9. 2013
    ..This retrospective cohort study examined the analgesic and rehabilitation outcomes associated with 48-hour continuous femoral nerve block, local infiltration analgesia, or local infiltration analgesia plus adductor canal nerve block...
  18. ncbi The role of a preprocedure systematic sonographic survey in ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia
    Baskar P Manickam
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 33:566-70. 2008
    ..Use of conventional nerve localization methods may fail to detect such abnormalities and potentially result in block failure and/or unintentional neurovascular injury...
  19. ncbi Feasibility and efficacy of ultrasound-guided block of the saphenous nerve in the adductor canal
    Baskar Manickam
    Toronto Western Hospital, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 34:578-80. 2009
    ..Traditional techniques using surface landmarks and nerve stimulation are limited by inconsistent success rates. This descriptive prospective study assesses the feasibility of performing an ultrasound-guided SN block in the distal thigh...
  20. doi Nerve expansion seen on ultrasound predicts histologic but not functional nerve injury after intraneural injection in pigs
    Catalin Mario Lupu
    Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 35:132-9. 2010
    ..Intraneural injection can be seen as nerve expansion during ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia. The purpose of this animal study was to determine if nerve expansion seen on ultrasound during intraneural injection results in nerve injury...
  21. doi Ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block for laparoscopic gastric-bypass surgery: a prospective randomized controlled double-blinded trial
    Eric Albrecht
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, 399 Bathurst Street, Toronto, ON M5T 2S8, Canada
    Obes Surg 23:1309-14. 2013
    ..This randomized controlled double-blinded trial investigated the analgesic efficacy of ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks for laparoscopic gastric-bypass surgery...
  22. doi Lateral versus medial needle approach for ultrasound-guided supraclavicular block: a randomized controlled trial
    Rajeev Subramanyam
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 36:387-92. 2011
    ..We aimed to compare the rates of sensory and motor block of the 4 major peripheral nerves of the upper extremity following a lateral or medial needle approach for US-guided SCB...
  23. ncbi Needle visualization in ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia: challenges and solutions
    Ki Jinn Chin
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 33:532-44. 2008
    ..Finally, future directions for research and development are suggested...
  24. ncbi Early but no long-term benefit of regional compared with general anesthesia for ambulatory hand surgery
    Colin J L McCartney
    Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Anesthesiology 101:461-7. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether either regional anesthesia (RA) or general anesthesia (GA) provided the best analgesia with the fewest adverse effects up to 2 weeks after ambulatory hand surgery...
  25. doi Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular block: outcome of 510 consecutive cases
    Anahi Perlas
    Department of Anesthesia, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 34:171-6. 2009
    ..In the present study, we report block success and clinical outcome data from 510 consecutive patients who received an ultrasound-guided supraclavicular block for upper extremity surgery...
  26. doi Case report: pneumothorax as a complication of the ultrasound-guided supraclavicular approach for brachial plexus block
    Anuj Bhatia
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, McL 2 405, 399 Bathurst St, Toronto, ON, Canada M5T 2S8
    Anesth Analg 111:817-9. 2010
    ..The predisposing operator, technical, and patient factors as well as strategies for preventing this uncommon yet potentially severe complication are discussed...
  27. ncbi An ultrasonographic and histological study of intraneural injection and electrical stimulation in pigs
    Vincent W S Chan
    Department of Anesthesia, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Anesth Analg 104:1281-4, tables of contents. 2007
    ..In this study we evaluated the minimum stimulating current associated with intraneural needle placement and sonographic appearance of intraneural injection...
  28. doi Dexamethasone added to mepivacaine prolongs the duration of analgesia after supraclavicular brachial plexus blockade
    Simon J Parrington
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 35:422-6. 2010
    ..We hypothesized that the addition of dexamethasone to mepivacaine would prolong the duration of analgesia after ultrasound-guided supraclavicular brachial plexus block for patients undergoing upper-limb surgery...
  29. doi Implications of a permanent cardiac pacemaker in peripheral nerve blockade
    Baskar P Manickam
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 34:233-5. 2009
    ....
  30. doi Is ultrasound guidance advantageous for interventional pain management? A review of acute pain outcomes
    Stephen Choi
    Department of Anesthesia, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, ON, Canada
    Anesth Analg 113:596-604. 2011
    ..In this review, we evaluated the effect of US guidance compared with traditional nerve localization techniques for interventional management of acute pain and acute pain-related outcomes...
  31. pmc Does regional anesthesia improve outcome after total knee arthroplasty?
    Alan J R Macfarlane
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, 399 Bathurst Street, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Clin Orthop Relat Res 467:2379-402. 2009
    ..Length of stay may be reduced and rehabilitation facilitated for patients undergoing regional anesthesia and analgesia for TKA...
  32. doi Advanced age, obesity and continuous femoral nerve blockade are independent risk factors for inpatient falls after primary total knee arthroplasty
    David Wasserstein
    Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Health Network, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Arthroplasty 28:1121-4. 2013
    ..2; p=0.04) for continuous FNB. Single-shot FNB did not increase risk. No fall resulted in operative morbidity. The use of continuous FNB should be cautioned, especially in patients with other risk factors such as obesity and advanced age...
  33. doi Is sciatic nerve block advantageous when combined with femoral nerve block for postoperative analgesia following total knee arthroplasty? A systematic review
    Faraj W Abdallah
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 36:493-8. 2011
    ..At present, there is inconclusive evidence in the literature to define the effect of adding SNB to FNB on acute pain and related outcomes compared with FNB alone for TKA...
  34. doi The use of ultrasound to facilitate spinal anesthesia in a patient with previous lumbar laminectomy and fusion: a case report
    Ki Jinn Chin
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, Ontario, Canada
    J Clin Ultrasound 37:482-5. 2009
    ..We believe spinal anesthesia would not have been possible in this patient without US, adding to the evidence that US-facilitated neuraxial anesthesia is useful, particularly in technically difficult, if not 'impossible,' cases...
  35. doi An ultrasound-assisted approach facilitates spinal anesthesia for total joint arthroplasty
    Ki Jinn Chin
    Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital, 399 Bathurst Street, McL 2 405, Toronto, ON M5T 2S8, Canada
    Can J Anaesth 56:643-50. 2009
    ..We hypothesized that pre-procedural ultrasound imaging would be effective in identifying the lumbar intervertebral spaces and would provide an accurate measure of the depth to the intrathecal space...
  36. doi The addition of epidural local anesthetic to systemic multimodal analgesia following lumbar spinal fusion: a randomized controlled trial
    Stephen Choi
    Department of Anesthesia, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Can J Anaesth 61:330-9. 2014
    ..This randomized trial aimed to evaluate the effects of adding continuous epidural analgesia with a bupivacaine and hydromorphone solution to systemic multimodal analgesia following one- or two-level lumbar spinal fusion...
  37. pmc Can ultrasound of the tibial nerve detect diabetic peripheral neuropathy? A cross-sectional study
    Sheila Riazi
    Department of Anesthesia, University Health Network and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Diabetes Care 35:2575-9. 2012
    ..We aimed to examine the association between the size of the posterior tibial nerve (PTN) and the presence and severity of DSP...
  38. doi Transversus abdominis plane block: a systematic review
    Faraj W Abdallah
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 37:193-209. 2012
    ..This review suggests that our understanding of the TAP block and its role in contemporary practice remains limited...
  39. ncbi Ultrasound-guided brachial plexus block in a patient with multiple glomangiomatosis
    Edel Duggan
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 33:70-3. 2008
    ..We describe how the use of ultrasound-guided nerve blockade altered the anesthetic management of a patient with multiple glomangiomatosis undergoing elective forearm surgery...
  40. doi Non-cardiac implantable electrical devices: brief review and implications for anesthesiologists
    Lashmi Venkatraghavan
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, 399 Bathurst Street, Toronto, M5T 2S8, ON, Canada
    Can J Anaesth 56:320-6. 2009
    ..This article reviews the important anesthetic considerations for patients with implanted non-cardiac electrical devices...
  41. ncbi Are patients comfortable consenting to clinical anesthesia research trials on the day of surgery?
    Richard Brull
    Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, Ontario, Canada
    Anesth Analg 98:1106-10, table of contents. 2004
    ..IMPLICATIONS: This retrospective survey suggests that patient recruitment and consent for negligible- or minimal-risk clinical anesthesia research trials is appropriate when performed on the day of surgery...
  42. doi The definition of block "success" in the contemporary literature: are we speaking the same language?
    Faraj W Abdallah
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 37:545-53. 2012
    ....
  43. ncbi Off side! A simple modification to the parasagittal in-plane approach for paravertebral block
    Faraj W Abdallah
    From the Department of Anesthesia, St Michael s Hospital, and Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital and Women s College Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 39:240-2. 2014
    ....
  44. doi Preoperative femoral nerve block in hip arthroscopic surgery: a retrospective review of 108 consecutive cases
    Andrew P Dold
    Andrew P Dold, University of Toronto, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, 100 College Street, Room 302, Toronto, ON M5G 1L5, Canada
    Am J Sports Med 42:144-9. 2014
    ....
  45. doi Cardiorespiratory complications of neuraxial opioids in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: a systematic review
    David Orlov
    Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5T 2S8
    J Clin Anesth 25:591-9. 2013
    ..The rate of cardiorespiratory complications following the administration of neuraxial opioids to surgical patients with OSA is difficult to determine. ..
  46. doi The facilitatory effects of intravenous dexmedetomidine on the duration of spinal anesthesia: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Faraj W Abdallah
    Department of Anesthesia, University of Toronto, Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital, 399 Bathurst St, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5T 2S8
    Anesth Analg 117:271-8. 2013
    ..We evaluated whether IV dexmedetomidine can prolong the duration of sensory block associated with spinal anesthesia...
  47. doi Review article: is ultrasound guidance advantageous for interventional pain management? A systematic review of chronic pain outcomes
    Anuj Bhatia
    Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital University Health Network, 399 Bathurst St, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5T 2S8
    Anesth Analg 117:236-51. 2013
    ..Modern ultrasound (US) is an attractive alternative to anatomical landmark-, nerve stimulation-, and fluoroscopic-guided techniques for interventional procedures performed to treat chronic pain syndromes...
  48. doi Neuraxial techniques in obstetric and non-obstetric patients with common bleeding diatheses
    Stephen Choi
    Department of Anesthesia, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Anesth Analg 109:648-60. 2009
    ..In this article, we review the available literature describing neuraxial techniques in patients with hemophilia, vWD, or ITP with the aim to assist anesthesiologists considering neuraxial techniques in these populations...
  49. ncbi Ultrasound detects intraneural injection
    Richard Brull
    Anesthesiology 106:1244; author reply 1247. 2007
  50. ncbi Eight ball, corner pocket: the optimal needle position for ultrasound-guided supraclavicular block
    Luiz Guilherme Soares
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 32:94-5. 2007
  51. ncbi Ultrasound guidance in peripheral regional anesthesia: philosophy, evidence-based medicine, and techniques
    Brian D Sites
    Department of Anesthesiology, Dartmouth Medical School, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire 03756, USA
    Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 19:630-9. 2006
    ..This article introduces the use of ultrasound to facilitate peripheral regional anesthesia...
  52. ncbi Effect of transarterial axillary block versus general anesthesia on paresthesiae 1 year after hand surgery
    Richard Brull
    Anesthesiology 103:1104-5. 2005
  53. doi Continuous interscalene block for open shoulder surgery
    Alan J R Macfarlane
    Anesth Analg 107:726; author reply 726-7. 2008
  54. ncbi A novel approach to infraclavicular brachial plexus block: the ultrasound experience
    Richard Brull
    Anesth Analg 99:950; author reply 950-1. 2004
  55. ncbi Artifacts and pitfall errors associated with ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia. Part II: a pictorial approach to understanding and avoidance
    Brian D Sites
    Department of Anesthesiology, Dartmouth Medical School, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 32:419-33. 2007
  56. ncbi Artifacts and pitfall errors associated with ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia. Part I: understanding the basic principles of ultrasound physics and machine operations
    Brian D Sites
    Department of Anesthesiology, Dartmouth Medical School, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 32:412-8. 2007
  57. ncbi Effect of anesthesia consultation on patients' preoperative concerns
    Eunice Lam
    Can J Anaesth 54:852-3. 2007
  58. ncbi Do preoperative anxiety and depression affect quality of recovery and length of stay after hip or knee arthroplasty?
    Richard Brull
    Can J Anaesth 49:109. 2002