Avery B Nathens

Summary

Affiliation: St. Michael's Hospital
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The practice of venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in the major trauma patient
    Avery B Nathens
    Department of Surgery, Univeristy of Toronto, Canada
    J Trauma 62:557-62; discussion 562-3. 2007
  2. doi request reprint Survival of the fittest: the hidden cost of undertriage of major trauma
    Barbara Haas
    Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Am Coll Surg 211:804-11. 2010
  3. doi request reprint Ranking of trauma center performance: the bare essentials
    Avery B Nathens
    St Michael s Hospital, Division of Trauma and the Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    J Trauma 65:628-35. 2008
  4. doi request reprint Variation in the rates of do not resuscitate orders after major trauma and the impact of intensive care unit environment
    Avery B Nathens
    Department of Surgery, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    J Trauma 64:81-8; discussion 88-91. 2008
  5. doi request reprint The mortality benefit of direct trauma center transport in a regional trauma system: a population-based analysis
    Barbara Haas
    Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 72:1510-5; discussion 1515-7. 2012
  6. doi request reprint Derivation and validation of a quality indicator for 30-day unplanned hospital readmission to evaluate trauma care
    Lynne Moore
    From the Department of Social and Preventative Medicine L M, A F T, and Axe Santé des Populations Pratiques Optimales en Santé Population Health Practice changing Research Unit L M, A F T, A L, Traumatologie, urgence, Soins intensifs Trauma, Emergency, Critical Care Medicine, Centre de Recherche du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec CHU de Québec, Hopital de l Enfant Jesus, Universite Laval, Quebec and Institut national d excellence en santé et en services sociaux G B, J L, Montreal, Quebec Department of Critical Care Medicine, Medicine and Community Health Sciences H T, Institute for Public Health, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta and Department of Surgery A B N, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 76:1310-6. 2014
  7. doi request reprint A population-based analysis of the discrepancy between potential and realized access to trauma center care
    David Gomez
    Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Ann Surg 257:160-5. 2013
  8. doi request reprint Institutional and provider factors impeding access to trauma center care: an analysis of transfer practices in a regional trauma system
    David Gomez
    Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 73:1288-93. 2012
  9. doi request reprint Emergency access to neurosurgical care for patients with traumatic brain injury
    Sunjay Sharma
    Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada Electronic address
    J Am Coll Surg 218:51-7. 2014
  10. doi request reprint Associated injuries, management, and outcomes of blunt abdominal aortic injury
    Charles de Mestral
    Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Vasc Surg 56:656-60. 2012

Detail Information

Publications120 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi request reprint The practice of venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in the major trauma patient
    Avery B Nathens
    Department of Surgery, Univeristy of Toronto, Canada
    J Trauma 62:557-62; discussion 562-3. 2007
    ..As the effect of delays in the initiation of prophylaxis on VTE rates is unknown, we set out to evaluate the relationship between late initiation of prophylaxis and VTE...
  2. doi request reprint Survival of the fittest: the hidden cost of undertriage of major trauma
    Barbara Haas
    Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Am Coll Surg 211:804-11. 2010
    ..Previous analyses of undertriage focused only on survivors to trauma center care and were potentially subject to survivor bias. Using a novel population-based design, we evaluated the true mortality cost of undertriage...
  3. doi request reprint Ranking of trauma center performance: the bare essentials
    Avery B Nathens
    St Michael s Hospital, Division of Trauma and the Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    J Trauma 65:628-35. 2008
    ..We set out to identify the patient and injury-related factors that most affect case-mix across centers and thus are most likely to alter assessments of hospital performance...
  4. doi request reprint Variation in the rates of do not resuscitate orders after major trauma and the impact of intensive care unit environment
    Avery B Nathens
    Department of Surgery, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    J Trauma 64:81-8; discussion 88-91. 2008
    ..We postulated that these differences in perceptions or practice might lead to significant variation in the use of do not resuscitate (DNR) orders and sought to identify institutional characteristics associated with their use...
  5. doi request reprint The mortality benefit of direct trauma center transport in a regional trauma system: a population-based analysis
    Barbara Haas
    Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 72:1510-5; discussion 1515-7. 2012
    ..Taking a novel, population-based approach, we estimated the potential detrimental impact of undertriage to a non-TC (NTC) within a regional system...
  6. doi request reprint Derivation and validation of a quality indicator for 30-day unplanned hospital readmission to evaluate trauma care
    Lynne Moore
    From the Department of Social and Preventative Medicine L M, A F T, and Axe Santé des Populations Pratiques Optimales en Santé Population Health Practice changing Research Unit L M, A F T, A L, Traumatologie, urgence, Soins intensifs Trauma, Emergency, Critical Care Medicine, Centre de Recherche du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec CHU de Québec, Hopital de l Enfant Jesus, Universite Laval, Quebec and Institut national d excellence en santé et en services sociaux G B, J L, Montreal, Quebec Department of Critical Care Medicine, Medicine and Community Health Sciences H T, Institute for Public Health, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta and Department of Surgery A B N, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 76:1310-6. 2014
    ..The objective of this study was to derive and internally validate a QI for a 30-day unplanned hospital readmission to evaluate trauma care...
  7. doi request reprint A population-based analysis of the discrepancy between potential and realized access to trauma center care
    David Gomez
    Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Ann Surg 257:160-5. 2013
    ..To explore whether a discrepancy between the availability of trauma services (potential access) and trauma center utilization rates (realized access) exists, with the aim of informing strategies to improve access...
  8. doi request reprint Institutional and provider factors impeding access to trauma center care: an analysis of transfer practices in a regional trauma system
    David Gomez
    Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 73:1288-93. 2012
    ..In those who are transferred, significant delays have been described. The availability of specialists, imaging modalities, or critical care resources might significantly affect transfer practices...
  9. doi request reprint Emergency access to neurosurgical care for patients with traumatic brain injury
    Sunjay Sharma
    Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada Electronic address
    J Am Coll Surg 218:51-7. 2014
    ..Access to neurosurgical services is critical to optimal outcomes through reduction of secondary injury. We sought to evaluate variations in access to neurosurgical care across a regional trauma system...
  10. doi request reprint Associated injuries, management, and outcomes of blunt abdominal aortic injury
    Charles de Mestral
    Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Vasc Surg 56:656-60. 2012
    ....
  11. doi request reprint External benchmarking of trauma center performance: have we forgotten our elders?
    Barbara Haas
    Department of Surgery, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Ann Surg 253:144-50. 2011
    ..We sought to determine whether trauma center (TC) performance is consistent across age groups and to assess whether aggregate evaluations of TC performance capture quality of care among the elderly...
  12. doi request reprint Tracheostomy timing in traumatic brain injury: a propensity-matched cohort study
    Aziz S Alali
    From the Sunnybrook Research Institute A S A, D C S, R A F, A K, C D M, A B N, Department of Critical Care D C S, R A F, Division of Neurosurgery T G M, Department of Research Design and Biostatistics A K, and Department of Surgery A B N, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center Clinical Epidemiology Program A S A, D C S, R A F, J G R, A K, A B N, Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care D C S, R A F, and Keenan Research Centre of the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute J G R, A B N and Department of Medicine J G R, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto and Division of Neurosurgery A S A, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 76:70-6; discussion 76-8. 2014
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint The impact of distance on triage to trauma center care in an urban trauma system
    Aristithes G Doumouras
    Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Prehosp Emerg Care 16:456-62. 2012
    ..In such systems, patients meeting field trauma triage (FTT) criteria should be transported directly to a trauma center, bypassing closer non-trauma centers...
  14. doi request reprint Prevention of complications and successful rescue of patients with serious complications: characteristics of high-performing trauma centers
    Barbara Haas
    From the Department of Surgery, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Trauma 70:575-82. 2011
    ..We assessed the extent to which trauma center mortality was reflected by the center's ability to rescue patients with major complications...
  15. doi request reprint Good neighbors? The effect of a level 1 trauma center on the performance of nearby level 2 trauma centers
    Barbara Haas
    Department of Surgery, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Ann Surg 253:992-5. 2011
    ..In this study, we sought to determine whether the proximity of a level 1 trauma center (TC) might affect the performance of a nearby level 2 TC...
  16. doi request reprint Comparative operative outcomes of early and delayed cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis: a population-based propensity score analysis
    Charles de Mestral
    Sunnybrook Research Institute, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital and Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Canada
    Ann Surg 259:10-5. 2014
    ..To compare the operative outcomes of early and delayed cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis...
  17. doi request reprint Benchmarking trauma center performance in traumatic brain injury: the limitations of mortality outcomes
    Sunjay Sharma
    Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 74:890-4. 2013
    ..We postulate that discharge home (DH) as a proxy for functional outcome may be a more useful measure of quality and may have significant implications on the assessment of TC performance and external benchmarking efforts...
  18. doi request reprint The missing dead: the problem of case ascertainment in the assessment of trauma center performance
    David Gomez
    Division of Trauma and the Department of Surgery, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    J Trauma 66:1218-24; discussion 1224-5. 2009
    ..We set out to evaluate the effect of variable case ascertainment of dead on arrivals on external benchmarking of risk-adjusted mortality using a form of sensitivity analysis...
  19. doi request reprint Cholecystostomy: a bridge to hospital discharge but not delayed cholecystectomy
    Charles de Mestral
    Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 74:175-9; discussion 179-80. 2013
    ..We present the characteristics and clinical course of a population-based cohort with acute cholecystitis managed with PC...
  20. doi request reprint Comparing Methodologies for Evaluating Emergency Medical Services Ground Transport Access to Time-critical Emergency Services: A Case Study Using Trauma Center Care
    Aristithes G Doumouras
    Keenan Research Center in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St Michael s Hospital and the Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Acad Emerg Med 19:E1099-108. 2012
    ..This study uses two methodologies to calculate EMS ground transport access to trauma center care in a single study area to explore their manifestations and critically evaluate the differences between the methodologies...
  21. doi request reprint Gender-associated differences in access to trauma center care: A population-based analysis
    David Gomez
    Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Ontario
    Surgery 152:179-85. 2012
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Impact of stress on resident performance in simulated trauma scenarios
    Adrian Harvey
    Wilson Centre, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 72:497-503. 2012
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the stress responses and clinical performance of residents during low and high stress (HS) simulated trauma resuscitations...
  23. doi request reprint Identifying targets for potential interventions to reduce rural trauma deaths: a population-based analysis
    David Gomez
    Division of Trauma and the Department of Surgery, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Trauma 69:633-9. 2010
    ..To test this hypothesis, we set out to examine the relationship between rurality and the setting in which patient death was most likely to occur...
  24. doi request reprint Hips can lie: impact of excluding isolated hip fractures on external benchmarking of trauma center performance
    David Gomez
    Division of Trauma, Department of Surgery, Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Trauma 69:1037-41. 2010
    ..This inconsistent case ascertainment may have significant implications on the assessment of TC performance and external benchmarking efforts...
  25. doi request reprint Are all deaths recorded equally? The impact of hospice care on risk-adjusted mortality
    Rosemary A Kozar
    From the Department of Surgery R A K, J B H, and Center for Translational Injury Research J B H, The University of Texas Health Sciences Center at Houston, Houston, Texas and Department of Surgery W X, A B N, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Canada
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 76:634-9; discussion 639-41. 2014
    ..The current study sought to determine the impact of discharges to hospice on risk-adjusted mortality for trauma deaths reported to the Trauma Quality Improvement Program...
  26. doi request reprint Impact of interhospital transfer on outcomes for trauma patients: a systematic review
    Andrea D Hill
    Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Trauma 71:1885-900; discussion 1901. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to systematically review the current evidence of the association between transfer status and outcomes for patients...
  27. doi request reprint Survival advantage in trauma centers: expeditious intervention or experience?
    Barbara Haas
    Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Am Coll Surg 208:28-36. 2009
    ..We set out to examine the relationship between trauma center care, rapidity of assessment and intervention, and mortality among trauma patients with indications for immediate operative intervention...
  28. doi request reprint Where should we implement emergency department secondary prevention programs for youth injured by violence?
    Carolyn E Snider
    Department of Medicine Emergency Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Trauma 69:991-4. 2010
    ..We hypothesize that the majority of youth who are injured by violence are treated in nontrauma centers. Given the goal is to prevent recurrent injury, trauma center-based initiatives may be misdirected...
  29. doi request reprint Derivation and validation of a quality indicator of acute care length of stay to evaluate trauma care
    Lynne Moore
    Department of Social and Preventative Medicine, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada Axe Santé des Populations Pratiques Optimales en Santé Population Health Optimal Health Practices Research Unit, Traumatologie Urgence Soins Intensifs Trauma Emergency Critical Care Medicine, Centre de Recherche du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec CHU de Québec Hôpital de l Enfant Jésus, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada Department of Critical Care Medicine, Medicine and Community Health Sciences, Institute for Public Health, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Quebec, Canada Department of Surgery, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada Institut National d excellence en santé et en Services Sociaux, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Ann Surg 260:1121-7. 2014
    ..To derive and internally validate a quality indicator (QI) for acute care length of stay (LOS) after admission for injury...
  30. doi request reprint Economic evaluation of decompressive craniectomy versus barbiturate coma for refractory intracranial hypertension following traumatic brain injury
    Aziz S Alali
    1Sunnybrook Research Institute, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center, Toronto, ON, Canada 2Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada 3Division of Neurosurgery, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada 4Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada 5Division of Neurosurgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada 6Department of Critical Care, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center, Toronto, ON, Canada 7Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada 8Keenan Research Centre of the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada 9Department of Surgery, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Crit Care Med 42:2235-43. 2014
    ..Uncertainty surrounds the decision to choose either treatment option. We investigated which strategy is more economically attractive in this context...
  31. doi request reprint Evolution of the incidence, management, and mortality of blunt thoracic aortic injury: a population-based analysis
    Charles de Mestral
    Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Am Coll Surg 216:1110-5. 2013
    ..Our objective was to perform a population-based analysis of secular trends in the incidence, management, and in-hospital mortality of blunt thoracic aortic injury...
  32. doi request reprint Is activity restriction appropriate for patients with hereditary spherocytosis? A population-based analysis
    Marvin Hsiao
    Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Ann Hematol 92:523-5. 2013
    ..4 (95 % CI 0.1-1.4) to a high of 1.0 (0.1-3.6). The rate of BSI in the HS patient population appears not to differ significantly from those in the general population...
  33. doi request reprint A contemporary analysis of the management of the mangled lower extremity
    Charles de Mestral
    Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 74:597-603. 2013
    ....
  34. pmc Overcoming barriers to population-based injury research: development and validation of an ICD10-to-AIS algorithm
    Barbara Haas
    Department of Surgery, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont
    Can J Surg 55:21-6. 2012
    ..We created and validated a crosswalk to derive Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) scores from injury-related diagnostic codes in the tenth revision of the ICD (ICD-10)...
  35. doi request reprint Evolving practice patterns in the management of acute colonic diverticulitis: a population-based analysis
    Debbie Li
    1Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada 2Department of Surgery and Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada 3Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada 4Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada 5Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada 6Department of Surgery, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada 7Department of Family and Community Medicine, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada 8Department of Surgery, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Dis Colon Rectum 57:1397-405. 2014
    ..There is increasing evidence to support the use of percutaneous abscess drainage, laparoscopy, and primary anastomosis in managing acute diverticulitis...
  36. doi request reprint Population-based analysis of blunt splenic injury management in children: operative rate is an informative quality of care indicator
    Marvin Hsiao
    Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Canada Electronic address
    Injury 45:859-63. 2014
    ..We investigate the feasibility of using operative rate for BSI as a quality of care indicator...
  37. pmc Surgical site infection prevention: a survey to identify the gap between evidence and practice in University of Toronto teaching hospitals
    Cagla Eskicioglu
    Departments of Surgery and Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Surg 55:233-8. 2012
    ..A gap exists between the best evidence and practice with regards to surgical site infection (SSI) prevention. Awareness of evidence is the first step in knowledge translation...
  38. doi request reprint Venous thromboembolism as a marker of quality of care in trauma
    Khumar Huseynova
    Trauma Program, Division of General Surgery, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    J Am Coll Surg 208:547-52, 552.e1. 2009
    ..We explored the variation in VTE rates across trauma centers to determine its use as a measure of the quality of patient care...
  39. pmc Trauma Non-Technical Training (TNT-2): the development, piloting and multilevel assessment of a simulation-based, interprofessional curriculum for team-based trauma resuscitation
    Aristithes G Doumouras
    The Department of Surgery, Keenan Research Center of the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ont
    Can J Surg 57:354-5. 2014
    ..We developed an interprofessional, simulation-based trauma team training curriculum for Canadian surgical trainees. Here we discuss its piloting and evaluation...
  40. pmc Intracranial pressure monitoring in severe traumatic brain injury: results from the American College of Surgeons Trauma Quality Improvement Program
    Aziz S Alali
    1 Sunnybrook Research Institute, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Neurotrauma 30:1737-46. 2013
    ..However, variability in ICP monitoring rates contributed only modestly to variability in institutional mortality rates. Identifying other institutional practices that impact on mortality is an important area for future research...
  41. doi request reprint Prevention, diagnosis, and management of surgical site infections: relevant considerations for critical care medicine
    Charles de Mestral
    Division of General Surgery, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center, Sunnybrook Research Institute, University of Toronto, 2075 Bayview Avenue, K3W 28H, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5, Canada Electronic address
    Crit Care Clin 29:887-94. 2013
    ..This article reviews the risk factors and measures to prevent surgical site infection and diagnostic and management considerations relevant to critical care medicine. ..
  42. doi request reprint Rates, patterns, and determinants of unplanned readmission after traumatic injury: a multicenter cohort study
    Lynne Moore
    Department of Social and Preventative Medicine, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada Unité de Traumatologie urgence soins Intensifs, CHU de Québec H opital Enfant Jésus, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada Department of Critical Care Medicine, Medicine and Community Health Sciences HTS, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec, Canada Department of Surgery, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada and Institut national d excellence en santé et en services sociaux, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Ann Surg 259:374-80. 2014
    ..This study aimed to (i) describe unplanned readmission rates after injury according to time, reason, and place; (ii) compare observed rates with general population rates, and (iii) identify determinants of 30-day readmission...
  43. doi request reprint A population-based analysis of the clinical course of 10,304 patients with acute cholecystitis, discharged without cholecystectomy
    Charles de Mestral
    Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 74:26-30; discussion 30-1. 2013
    ..We therefore present a population-based analysis of the clinical course of patients with AC discharged without cholecystectomy...
  44. doi request reprint Controversies in the management of splenic trauma
    David Gomez
    Division of Trauma, Department of Surgery and the Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Injury 43:55-61. 2012
    ..We sought to explore ongoing areas of controversy in the non-operative management of splenic trauma with the aim of further elucidating why these controversies continue to exist...
  45. doi request reprint Concordance of performance metrics among U.S. trauma centers caring for injured children
    Chethan Sathya
    From the Division of General Surgery C S, P J K, P W W, A B N, Department of Surgery, and Institute of Health Policy, Management, and Evaluation C S, P J K, D C S, A B N, University of Toronto Sunnybrook Research Institute P J K, W X, A B N, and Division of General Surgery P J K, A B N, Department of Surgery, and Department of Critical Care Medicine D C S, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center Division of General and Thoracic Surgery P W W, Hospital for Sick Children and Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute A B N, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Division of General and Thoracic Surgery R S B, Children s National Health System, Washington, District of Columbia and Division of General and Thoracic Surgery M L N, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 79:138-46. 2015
    ..It is not known if center-level performance is consistent in each of these metrics. We evaluated whether center performance in one area of quality predicted similar performance in other areas of quality...
  46. doi request reprint A crisis of faith? A review of simulation in teaching team-based, crisis management skills to surgical trainees
    Aristithes G Doumouras
    Division of General Surgery, Keenan Research Center of the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Surg Educ 69:274-81. 2012
    ..The purpose of this review was to appraise and summarize the design, implementation, and efficacy of peer-reviewed, simulation-based CRM training programs for postgraduate trainees (residents)...
  47. doi request reprint Age-related trends in severe injury hospitalization in Canada
    Andrea D Hill
    From Sunnybrook Research Institute A D H, A B N, R A F Departments of Critical Care A D H, R A F, R P, and Surgery A B N, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre Clinical Epidemiology Program R A F, A B N, Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, and Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care R A F, and Keenan Research Centre of the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute A B N, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 77:608-13. 2014
    ..We performed a population-based evaluation of age-related trends in severe injury hospitalization across Canada...
  48. pmc Pro/con debate: is the scoop and run approach the best approach to trauma services organization?
    Barbara Haas
    Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, St Michael s Hospital, Queen Wing, 3N 073, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5B 1W8
    Crit Care 12:224. 2008
    ....
  49. doi request reprint The American College of Surgeons Trauma Quality Improvement Program
    Avery B Nathens
    Department of Surgery, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Surg Clin North Am 92:441-54, x-xi. 2012
    ..The rationale for ACS TQIP's development, implementation challenges, and potential for advancing the quality of trauma care are described...
  50. pmc Factors affecting mortality of pediatric trauma patients encountered in Kandahar, Afghanistan
    Dylan Pannell
    Canadian Forces Health Services, Ottawa, Ont and the Department of Surgery, Division of General Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont
    Can J Surg 58:S141-5. 2015
    ..We examined the cohort of pediatric patients evaluated at the facility during a 16-month period to determine the characteristics and care requirements of this unique patient population...
  51. pmc Morbidity and survival probability in burn patients in modern burn care
    Marc G Jeschke
    1Ross Tilley Burn Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada 2Programme in Trauma, Emergency, and Critical Care, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada 3Department of Critical Care Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada 4Shriners Hospitals for Children, Galveston, TX 5Department of Surgery, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 6Sealy Center for Molecular Medicine and the Institute for Translational Science, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 7Department of Surgery, Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, IL 8Department of Surgery, University of Washington School of Medicine, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, WA 9Department of Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical School, Dallas, TX 10Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Shriners Hospital for Children, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA
    Crit Care Med 43:808-15. 2015
    ..Although scores have been established to predict mortality, few data addressing other outcomes exist. The objective of this study was to determine burn sizes that are associated with increased mortality and morbidity after burn...
  52. pmc Comparative study of outcome measures and analysis methods for traumatic brain injury trials
    Aziz S Alali
    1 Institute of Health Policy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Neurotrauma 32:581-9. 2015
    ..The choice of primary outcome for future trials should be guided by power, the domain of brain function that an intervention is likely to impact, and the feasibility of collecting outcome data. ..
  53. doi request reprint Risk of readmission and emergency surgery following nonoperative management of colonic diverticulitis: a population-based analysis
    Debbie Li
    Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Department of Surgery and Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Department of Surgery, Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Department of Surgery, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Department of Family and Community Medicine, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada and Department of Surgery, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Ann Surg 260:423-30; discussion 430-1. 2014
    ..To characterize the clinical course of patients with diverticulitis after nonoperative management and determine factors associated with readmission and subsequent emergency surgery...
  54. doi request reprint Beta blockers for acute traumatic brain injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Aziz S Alali
    Sunnybrook Research Institute, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Room D 574, Toronto, ON, M4N 3M5, Canada
    Neurocrit Care 20:514-23. 2014
    ..We conducted a systematic review to appraise the available evidence examining the safety and efficacy of beta blockers in patients with acute TBI...
  55. doi request reprint Career satisfaction among general surgeons in Canada: a qualitative study of enablers and barriers to improve recruitment and retention in general surgery
    Najma Ahmed
    Department of Surgery, Division of General Surgery, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Acad Med 87:1616-21. 2012
    ..To understand what influences career satisfaction among general surgeons in urban and rural areas in Canada in order to improve recruitment and retention in general surgery...
  56. doi request reprint An evaluation of a proactive geriatric trauma consultation service
    Magda Lenartowicz
    Department of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatchewan, Canada
    Ann Surg 256:1098-101. 2012
    ..To describe and evaluate an inpatient geriatric trauma consultation service (GTCS)...
  57. doi request reprint Surgical indications in acute pancreatitis
    Barbara Haas
    Department of Surgery, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Curr Opin Crit Care 16:153-8. 2010
    ..This review provides an update on the surgical management of acute pancreatitis, with a focus on evidence accumulated over the past year regarding the optimal approach to pancreatic debridement in the critically ill patient...
  58. doi request reprint Future diagnostic and therapeutic approaches in surgical infections
    Barbara Haas
    Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1L5, Canada
    Surg Clin North Am 89:539-54, xi. 2009
    ..These include novel diagnostic strategies, antimicrobials targeting microbial virulence factors, novel vaccines, and risk stratification based on genetic profiling...
  59. doi request reprint Threat and challenge: cognitive appraisal and stress responses in simulated trauma resuscitations
    Adrian Harvey
    Wilson Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 44:587-94. 2010
    ..As such, training for high-acuity events should include interventions targeting stress management skills...
  60. doi request reprint Community-based participatory research: development of an emergency department-based youth violence intervention using concept mapping
    Carolyn E Snider
    Department of Medicine Emergency Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Acad Emerg Med 17:877-85. 2010
    ..The aims of this study were to engage youths, parents, and frontline community workers in conceptualizing a hospital-based violence prevention intervention and to identify outcomes relevant to the community...
  61. doi request reprint Attitudes about Injury among High School Students
    Olivier J Y Monneuse
    Division of Trauma and General Surgery, Department of Surgery, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Am Coll Surg 207:179-84. 2008
    ..Most injuries are preventable and can often be attributed to poor choices...
  62. ncbi request reprint Variations in rates of tracheostomy in the critically ill trauma patient
    Avery B Nathens
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA
    Crit Care Med 34:2919-24. 2006
    ..Thus, we set out explore the extent and potential sources of this variation among injured patients cared for in trauma centers in the United States...
  63. doi request reprint Characterization of the gender dimorphism after injury and hemorrhagic shock: are hormonal differences responsible?
    Jason L Sperry
    Division of Trauma and General Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Crit Care Med 36:1838-45. 2008
    ..old, >52 yrs of age) in a cohort of severely injured trauma patients for which significant variation in postinjury care is minimized...
  64. ncbi request reprint The effect of interfacility transfer on outcome in an urban trauma system
    Avery B Nathens
    Division of General and Trauma Surgery, Harborview Medical Center, and Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, 98104 2499, USA
    J Trauma 55:444-9. 2003
    ..We set out to evaluate whether patients initially assessed at these centers and then transferred to a Level I facility were adversely affected by delays to definitive care...
  65. ncbi request reprint Inclusive trauma systems: do they improve triage or outcomes of the severely injured?
    Garth H Utter
    Department of Surgery, Harborview Medical Center, and the Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    J Trauma 60:529-35; discussion 535-37. 2006
    ..We postulate that inclusive systems assure that severely injured patients are more likely to be triaged to a level I or II regional trauma center, and this greater degree of participation would lead to lower mortality...
  66. ncbi request reprint Is pediatric trauma still a surgical disease? Patterns of emergent operative intervention in the injured child
    Stephanie P Acierno
    University of Washington, Department of Surgery, Division of General and Trauma Surgery, Harborview Medical Center and the Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Seattle, Washington, USA
    J Trauma 56:960-4; discussion 965-6. 2004
    ..This study examines the frequency of operative intervention among injured children and evaluates potential predictors of emergent intervention...
  67. ncbi request reprint Predicting future injury among women in abusive relationships
    Marie L Crandall
    Division of Trauma and General Surgery, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, Washington, USA
    J Trauma 56:906-12; discussion 912. 2004
    ..In this study, we examined risk factors for IPV-related injury within 9 months of an index episode of abuse in a population of police- or court-identified victims of IPV...
  68. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for venous thromboembolism in pediatric trauma
    Monica S Vavilala
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Washington, Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    J Trauma 52:922-7. 2002
    ..Although the incidence and risk factors for VTE after trauma in adults have been well described, similar data regarding pediatric patients are lacking...
  69. pmc The impact of an intensivist-model ICU on trauma-related mortality
    Avery B Nathens
    Department of Surgery, University of Washington and Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA
    Ann Surg 244:545-54. 2006
    ..To evaluate the effect of an intensivist-model of critical care delivery on the risk of death following injury...
  70. ncbi request reprint A national evaluation of the effect of trauma-center care on mortality
    Ellen J MacKenzie
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Center for Injury Research and Policy, Baltimore, MD 21205 1996, USA
    N Engl J Med 354:366-78. 2006
    ..To address this gap, we examined differences in mortality between level 1 trauma centers and hospitals without a trauma center (non-trauma centers)...
  71. ncbi request reprint Prospective payments in a regional trauma center: the case for recognition of the transfer patient in diagnostic related groups
    Jason A London
    Division of Trauma General Surgery, Harborview Medical Center, Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    J Trauma 60:390-5; discussion 395-6. 2006
    ....
  72. ncbi request reprint Patient outcomes in academic medical centers: influence of fellowship programs and in-house on-call attending surgeon
    Saman Arbabi
    Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Arch Surg 138:47-51; discussion 51. 2003
    ..We were interested in 2 such policies or characteristics that are commonly implemented in academic centers: an in-house on-call attending physician policy and the existence of postgraduate medical education...
  73. ncbi request reprint The National Study on Costs and Outcomes of Trauma
    Ellen J MacKenzie
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Trauma 63:S54-67; discussion S81-6. 2007
    ..We also present a description of the study population to serve as a basis of future reports. We conclude with lessons learned and some recommendations for future research...
  74. doi request reprint Massive transfusion in trauma patients: tissue hemoglobin oxygen saturation predicts poor outcome
    Frederick A Moore
    Department of Surgery, The Methodist Hospital, Houston Texas, USA
    J Trauma 64:1010-23. 2008
    ....
  75. doi request reprint Trauma quality improvement using risk-adjusted outcomes
    Shahid Shafi
    Department of Surgery, Division of Burns, Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, University of Texas Southwestern Medical School, Dallas, Texas, USA
    J Trauma 64:599-604; discussion 604-6. 2008
    ..We hypothesized that significant variations in outcomes exist across similar level ACS-verified trauma centers despite availability of similar resources...
  76. doi request reprint Hypertonic resuscitation of hypovolemic shock after blunt trauma: a randomized controlled trial
    Eileen M Bulger
    Department of Surgery, Campus Box 359796, Harborview Medical Center, 325 Ninth Ave, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Arch Surg 143:139-48; discussion 149. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of hypertonicity on organ injury after blunt trauma...
  77. doi request reprint The impact of trauma-center care on functional outcomes following major lower-limb trauma
    Ellen J MacKenzie
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 North Broadway, Room 462, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 90:101-9. 2008
    ....
  78. pmc Mitogen-activated protein kinases in the intensive care unit: prognostic potential
    Matthew R Rosengart
    Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Ann Surg 237:94-100. 2003
    ..To evaluate the prognostic significance of the activational status of p38, specifically progression to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS), in a group of severely injured trauma patients...
  79. ncbi request reprint Renal and extrarenal predictors of nephrectomy from the national trauma data bank
    Jonathan L Wright
    Department of Urology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, USA
    J Urol 175:970-5; discussion 975. 2006
    ..The management of renal injuries is controversial, as reflected in regional and institutional variations in treatment preferences. Using a national trauma database we identified independent risk factors for nephrectomy...
  80. ncbi request reprint American Association for the Surgery of Trauma Organ Injury Scale for kidney injuries predicts nephrectomy, dialysis, and death in patients with blunt injury and nephrectomy for penetrating injuries
    James K Kuan
    Department of Urology, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    J Trauma 60:351-6. 2006
    ..We sought to validate this scheme for morbidity and mortality in a national cohort of patients with renal injury...
  81. ncbi request reprint The risk of reinjury in relation to time since first injury: a retrospective population-based study
    Stewart S Worrell
    Departmens of Epidemiology, Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104 2499, USA
    J Trauma 60:379-84. 2006
    ..Trauma victims have been found to be at increased risk for reinjury. Determining the risk factors for reinjury and the temporal pattern of reinjury risk can help with targeting of intervention strategies for preventing trauma recurrence...
  82. ncbi request reprint The new car assessment program: does it predict the relative safety of vehicles in actual crashes?
    Ram Nirula
    Department of Surgery, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, Washington, USA
    J Trauma 57:779-86. 2004
    ..We therefore sought to determine whether HIC and CGS accurately predict TBI and STI in actual crashes, and compared the NCAP five-star rating system to the rates of TBI and/or STI in actual MVCs...
  83. ncbi request reprint Inflammation and the Host Response to Injury, a large-scale collaborative project: Patient-Oriented Research Core--standard operating procedures for clinical care. I. Guidelines for mechanical ventilation of the trauma patient
    Avery B Nathens
    Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    J Trauma 59:764-9. 2005
  84. ncbi request reprint Management of severe head injury: institutional variations in care and effect on outcome
    Eileen M Bulger
    Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Crit Care Med 30:1870-6. 2002
    ....
  85. ncbi request reprint Thrombosis and coagulation: deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism prophylaxis
    Daniel A Anaya
    Division of General and Trauma Surgery, Harborview Medical Center, 325 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Surg Clin North Am 85:1163-77, ix-x. 2005
    ..Pharmacologic VTEprophylaxis should be the standard of care in most clinical settings given its ease of administration, low risk, and cost-effectiveness...
  86. ncbi request reprint Executive summary: management of the critically ill patient with severe acute pancreatitis
    Avery B Nathens
    American Thoracic Society
    Proc Am Thorac Soc 1:289-90. 2004
  87. ncbi request reprint Predictors of mortality and limb loss in necrotizing soft tissue infections
    Daniel A Anaya
    Division of General and Trauma Surgery, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, WA, USA
    Arch Surg 140:151-7; discussion 158. 2005
    ..Necrotizing soft tissue infections are associated with a high mortality rate. We hypothesize that specific predictors of limb loss and mortality in patients with necrotizing soft tissue infection can be identified on hospital admission...
  88. ncbi request reprint Blindness in the intensive care unit: possible role for vasopressors?
    Lorri A Lee
    Harborview Medical Center, Department of Anesthesiology, Box 359724, 325 Ninth Ave, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Anesth Analg 100:192-5. 2005
    ..Three cases occurred outside of the operative arena. Potential risk factors for the development of ischemic optic neuropathy, such as use of vasopressors, venous congestion, and hypotension, are described...
  89. pmc Randomized, prospective trial of antioxidant supplementation in critically ill surgical patients
    Avery B Nathens
    Division of Trauma and General Surgery, Harborview Medical Center and the Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Ann Surg 236:814-22. 2002
    ..To determine the effectiveness of early, routine antioxidant supplementation using alpha-tocopherol and ascorbic acid in reducing the rate of pulmonary morbidity and organ dysfunction in critically ill surgical patients...
  90. ncbi request reprint Injury patterns among female trauma patients: recognizing intentional injury
    Marie L Crandall
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611 2908, USA
    J Trauma 57:42-5. 2004
    ..Our objective was to identify patterns of injury consistent with intentional injury in female trauma patients admitted to the hospital...
  91. ncbi request reprint A resource-based assessment of trauma care in the United States
    Avery B Nathens
    Division of Trauma and General Surgery, Harborview Medical Center and Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, 98104 2499, USA
    J Trauma 56:173-8; discussion 178. 2004
    ..The resources needed and those available to support trauma care for a given region are currently unknown. Resource use and availability were evaluated for injured subjects across a large sample of the United States...
  92. ncbi request reprint Aminoglycosides for intra-abdominal infection: equal to the challenge?
    Jeffrey A Bailey
    Department of Surgery, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 3:315-35. 2002
    ..We therefore performed a meta-analysis of all prospective randomized controlled trials utilizing aminoglycosides to reevaluate the efficacy of these agents for the treatment of intra-abdominal infection...
  93. ncbi request reprint Management of the injured patient: identification of research topics for systematic review using the delphi technique
    Avery B Nathens
    Department of Surgery, Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, 98104, USA
    J Trauma 54:595-601. 2003
    ..This study identifies the most important research questions pertaining to the acute care of the injured patient using a Web-based Delphi technique to achieve consensus of expert opinion...
  94. ncbi request reprint Renal injury and operative management in the United States: results of a population-based study
    Hunter Wessells
    Department of Urology, Harborview Medical Center and University of Washington Medical School, Seattle, 98104, USA
    J Trauma 54:423-30. 2003
    ..To evaluate the extent to which nonoperative renal trauma management has been adopted, we determined the incidence of renal injury and the rate of operative management across the United States...
  95. ncbi request reprint Development of trauma systems and effect on outcomes after injury
    Avery B Nathens
    Division of General and Trauma Surgery, Harborview Medical Center, Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle 98104 2499, USA
    Lancet 363:1794-801. 2004
    ....
  96. ncbi request reprint The delivery of critical care services in US trauma centers: is the standard being met?
    Avery B Nathens
    Division of Trauma and General Surgery, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    J Trauma 60:773-83; disucssion 783-4. 2006
    ..We set out to evaluate how critical care is delivered in Level I and II trauma centers and the extent to which these centers implement evidence-based patient care practices known to improve outcome...
  97. ncbi request reprint Emergency Medical Service (EMS) systems in developed and developing countries
    Bahman S Roudsari
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Texas, School of Public Health, TX, USA
    Injury 38:1001-13. 2007
    ..To compare patient- and injury-related characteristics of trauma victims and pre-hospital trauma care systems among different developed and developing countries...
  98. ncbi request reprint Renal injury mechanisms of motor vehicle collisions: analysis of the crash injury research and engineering network data set
    James K Kuan
    Department of Urology, University of Washington, School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington 98102, USA
    J Urol 178:935-40; discussion 940. 2007
    ..We identified possible collision patterns and vehicle interior components that may have a role in kidney injury following motor vehicle collision...
  99. pmc Evaluation of the effect of intensity of care on mortality after traumatic brain injury
    Hilaire J Thompson
    University of Washington School of Nursing, Seattle, WA, USA
    Crit Care Med 36:282-90. 2008
    ..To evaluate the effect of age on intensity of care provided to traumatically brain-injured adults and to determine the influence of intensity of care on mortality at discharge and 12 months postinjury, controlling for injury severity...
  100. ncbi request reprint International comparison of prehospital trauma care systems
    Bahman S Roudsari
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Texas, School of Public Health, Dallas, USA
    Injury 38:993-1000. 2007
    ..These environments represent the continuum of prehospital care in high income countries with more advanced prehospital trauma care systems...
  101. ncbi request reprint Early hyperglycemia predicts multiple organ failure and mortality but not infection
    Jason L Sperry
    Division of Burn, Trauma, Critical Care, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA
    J Trauma 63:487-93; discussion 493-4. 2007
    ..We sought to characterize the clinical outcomes associated with EH in a cohort of severely injured trauma patients, when a strict glycemic control protocol was used...