Fergus I M Craik

Summary

Affiliation: Rotman Research Institute
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi Executive control in a modified antisaccade task: Effects of aging and bilingualism
    Ellen Bialystok
    Faculty of Health, Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 32:1341-54. 2006
  2. ncbi Planning and task management in older adults: cooking breakfast
    Fergus I M Craik
    Rotman Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Mem Cognit 34:1236-49. 2006
  3. ncbi Aging and memory: a cognitive approach
    Lin Luo
    Postdoctoral Fellow, York University and Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 53:346-53. 2008
  4. ncbi Cognition through the lifespan: mechanisms of change
    Fergus I M Craik
    Rotman Research Institute at Baycrest, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario M6A 2E1, Canada
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:131-8. 2006
  5. doi Memory encoding and aging: a neurocognitive perspective
    Fergus I M Craik
    Rotman Research Institute at Baycrest, Toronto, Canada
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 36:1729-39. 2012
  6. ncbi Cognitive rehabilitation in the elderly: effects on memory
    Fergus I M Craik
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 13:132-42. 2007
  7. ncbi The role of cognition in age-related hearing loss
    Fergus I M Craik
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, 3560 Bathurst St, Toronto, ON, M6A 2E1, Canada
    J Am Acad Audiol 18:539-47. 2007
  8. doi Effects of aging and divided attention on memory for items and their contexts
    Fergus I M Craik
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, and Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, 3560 Bathurst St, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Psychol Aging 25:968-79. 2010
  9. pmc Delaying the onset of Alzheimer disease: bilingualism as a form of cognitive reserve
    Fergus I M Craik
    Rotman Research Institute at Baycrest, 3560 Bathurst St, Toronto, ON Canada M6A 2E1
    Neurology 75:1726-9. 2010
  10. ncbi Cognitive rehabilitation in the elderly: overview and future directions
    Gordon Winocur
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 13:166-71. 2007

Detail Information

Publications51

  1. ncbi Executive control in a modified antisaccade task: Effects of aging and bilingualism
    Ellen Bialystok
    Faculty of Health, Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 32:1341-54. 2006
    ..A speculative interpretation of this pattern of results is offered in conclusion...
  2. ncbi Planning and task management in older adults: cooking breakfast
    Fergus I M Craik
    Rotman Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Mem Cognit 34:1236-49. 2006
    ..The results showed substantial age-related decrements in most measures of executive control. Additionally, older bilinguals showed some advantages in task management over their monolingual peers...
  3. ncbi Aging and memory: a cognitive approach
    Lin Luo
    Postdoctoral Fellow, York University and Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 53:346-53. 2008
    ..The practical implications of these research findings and ideas include the point that clinical memory assessments should incorporate tests designed to measure the different aspects of memory functioning...
  4. ncbi Cognition through the lifespan: mechanisms of change
    Fergus I M Craik
    Rotman Research Institute at Baycrest, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario M6A 2E1, Canada
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:131-8. 2006
    ..This framework is offered in light of recent interest in finding greater continuity throughout the lifespan and creating a more comprehensive explanation of cognitive function and cognitive change...
  5. doi Memory encoding and aging: a neurocognitive perspective
    Fergus I M Craik
    Rotman Research Institute at Baycrest, Toronto, Canada
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 36:1729-39. 2012
    ..Finally, we review recent studies of brain and cognitive training procedures. Age-related memory problems are real, but there are also grounds for optimism...
  6. ncbi Cognitive rehabilitation in the elderly: effects on memory
    Fergus I M Craik
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 13:132-42. 2007
    ..The results need to be treated with caution, but are promising for the rehabilitation of memory functioning in older adults...
  7. ncbi The role of cognition in age-related hearing loss
    Fergus I M Craik
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, 3560 Bathurst St, Toronto, ON, M6A 2E1, Canada
    J Am Acad Audiol 18:539-47. 2007
    ....
  8. doi Effects of aging and divided attention on memory for items and their contexts
    Fergus I M Craik
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, and Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, 3560 Bathurst St, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Psychol Aging 25:968-79. 2010
    ....
  9. pmc Delaying the onset of Alzheimer disease: bilingualism as a form of cognitive reserve
    Fergus I M Craik
    Rotman Research Institute at Baycrest, 3560 Bathurst St, Toronto, ON Canada M6A 2E1
    Neurology 75:1726-9. 2010
    ..We present evidence that lifelong bilingualism is a further factor contributing to cognitive reserve...
  10. ncbi Cognitive rehabilitation in the elderly: overview and future directions
    Gordon Winocur
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 13:166-71. 2007
    ..The benefits were attributed to several factors, including the program's emphasis on techniques that promoted efficient strategic processing. Limitations of the program and directions for future research are discussed...
  11. doi Associative recognition in mild cognitive impairment: relationship to hippocampal volume and apolipoprotein E
    Angela K Troyer
    Neuropsychology and Cognitive Health Program, Baycrest, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Neuropsychologia 50:3721-8. 2012
    ....
  12. doi Distinct neural correlates for two types of inhibition in bilinguals: response inhibition versus interference suppression
    Gigi Luk
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Brain Cogn 74:347-57. 2010
    ..Moreover, the neural correlates associated with more efficient suppression of interference were different in bilinguals than in monolinguals, suggesting a bilingual-specific network for cognitive control...
  13. ncbi Task-related activity in prefrontal cortex and its relation to recognition memory performance in young and old adults
    Cheryl L Grady
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 3560 Bathurst St, Toronto, Ont, Canada M6A 2E1
    Neuropsychologia 43:1466-81. 2005
    ....
  14. ncbi Cognitive rehabilitation in the elderly: a randomized trial to evaluate a new protocol
    Donald T Stuss
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 13:120-31. 2007
    ..The results for each functional domain are reported in separate papers in this series...
  15. doi A double dissociation of implicit and explicit memory in younger and older adults
    Nigel Gopie
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Psychol Sci 22:634-40. 2011
    ..Both older and younger adults may remember irrelevant information, but they remember it in different ways because of age-related changes in how information is processed at encoding and utilized at retrieval...
  16. doi Planning and task management in Parkinson's disease: differential emphasis in dual-task performance
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 14:257-65. 2008
    ..This benefit may occur as a consequence of their inflexible exaggerated attention to some aspects of a complex task to the relative neglect of other aspects...
  17. ncbi Dual-modality monitoring in a classification task: the effects of bilingualism and ageing
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 59:1968-83. 2006
    ..The results indicate different processing demands for the two domains, with the simpler domain (LN) favouring bilinguals and the more semantically complex domain (AM) favouring related judgements for the two task modalities...
  18. ncbi Word-list-learning performance in younger and older adults: intra-individual performance variability and false memory
    Kelly J Murphy
    The Rotman Research Institute of Baycrest Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn 14:70-94. 2007
    ..The findings presented here are consistent with the notion that changes in cognition with aging in part reflect age-related decline in frontal lobe function...
  19. ncbi Age differences in recollection: three patterns of enhanced encoding
    Lin Luo
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Psychol Aging 22:269-80. 2007
    ..The authors discuss these results in terms of the enhanced elaboration afforded and processing demanded by differential combinations of age groups and encoding conditions...
  20. ncbi Investigating the influence of continuous babble on auditory short-term memory performance
    Antje Heinrich
    University of Toronto at Mississauga, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 61:735-51. 2008
    ..To further support our claim we show that a similar memory deficit results when participants perform the same memory task in quiet together with a nonauditory attention-demanding secondary task...
  21. doi Item and associative memory in amnestic mild cognitive impairment: performance on standardized memory tests
    Angela K Troyer
    Department of Psychology, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Neuropsychology 22:10-6. 2008
    ..Incorporating measures of associative recall into clinical evaluations of individuals with memory change may be useful for detecting aMCI...
  22. doi Past experience modulates the neural mechanisms of episodic memory formation
    Jordan Poppenk
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G3, Canada
    J Neurosci 30:4707-16. 2010
    ..In so doing, our results challenge recent novelty-encoding hypotheses...
  23. ncbi Effect of bilingualism on cognitive control in the Simon task: evidence from MEG
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Neuroimage 24:40-9. 2005
    ..The monolinguals demonstrated faster reaction times with activation in middle frontal regions. The interpretation is that the management of two language systems led to systematic changes in frontal executive functions...
  24. pmc Lifelong bilingualism maintains white matter integrity in older adults
    Gigi Luk
    Rotman Research Institute at Baycrest, Toronto, Ontario M6A2E1, Canada
    J Neurosci 31:16808-13. 2011
    ..These results are the first evidence that maintained WM integrity is related to lifelong naturally occurring experience; the resulting enhanced structural and functional connectivity may provide a neural basis for "brain reserve."..
  25. ncbi Changing everyday memory behaviour in amnestic mild cognitive impairment: a randomised controlled trial
    Angela K Troyer
    Department of Psychology, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Canada
    Neuropsychol Rehabil 18:65-88. 2008
    ..This incorporation of practical memory strategies into daily routines could potentially provide the means for maintaining functional independence by individuals with MCI, an issue to be addressed in future research...
  26. ncbi Bilingualism as a protection against the onset of symptoms of dementia
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Neuropsychologia 45:459-64. 2007
    ....
  27. ncbi Bilingualism, aging, and cognitive control: evidence from the Simon task
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Psychol Aging 19:290-303. 2004
    ..It appears, therefore, that controlled processing is carried out more effectively by bilinguals and that bilingualism helps to offset age-related losses in certain executive processes...
  28. doi Bilingualism as a contributor to cognitive reserve: evidence from brain atrophy in Alzheimer's disease
    Tom A Schweizer
    Keenan Research Centre of the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute at St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    Cortex 48:991-6. 2012
    ..Bilingualism appears to contribute to increased CR, thereby delaying the onset of AD and requiring the presence of greater amounts of neuropathology before the disease is manifest...
  29. pmc Bilingualism: consequences for mind and brain
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON, M3J 1P3, Canada
    Trends Cogn Sci 16:240-50. 2012
    ..Cognitive reserve is a crucial research area in the context of an aging population; the possibility that bilingualism contributes to cognitive reserve is therefore of growing importance as populations become increasingly diverse...
  30. ncbi Age-related differences in the functional connectivity of the hippocampus during memory encoding
    Cheryl L Grady
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Hippocampus 13:572-86. 2003
    ....
  31. ncbi The mnemonic mechanisms of errorless learning
    Nicole D Anderson
    Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ont M6A 2E1, Canada
    Neuropsychologia 44:2806-13. 2006
    ..We do not recommend standard errorless learning for individuals with intact explicit memory, such as students trying to learn information in preparation for an examination...
  32. ncbi The effects of aging and divided attention on memory for item and associative information
    Alan D Castel
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, 100 Saint George Street, Ontario M5S 3G3, Canada
    Psychol Aging 18:873-85. 2003
    ..The results are discussed in terms of an age-related reduction in processing resources compounded by an age-related increase in older adults' reliance on familiarity in associative recognition memory...
  33. doi Age-related differences in recognition memory: effects of materials and context change
    Fergus I M Craik
    Rotman Research Institute at Baycrest, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Psychol Aging 26:671-7. 2011
    ..Older adults can use context information in recognition memory at least as efficiently as younger adults when suitable materials and conditions are provided...
  34. ncbi Bilingualism and naming: implications for cognitive assessment
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 13:209-11; discussion 215-8. 2007
    ..This observation is important if cognitive status is inferred from naming performance. In this commentary we largely endorse the arguments made by Gollan and colleagues, although we point to some limitations in their experimental design...
  35. pmc Destination memory impairment in older people
    Nigel Gopie
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest and University of Toronto, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Psychol Aging 25:922-8. 2010
    ..e., a false alarm). Overall, accuracy and confidence jointly influence age-related changes to destination memory, a fundamental component of successful communication...
  36. ncbi Lapses of intention and performance variability reveal age-related increases in fluctuations of executive control
    Robert West
    Rotman Research Institute of Baycrest Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Brain Cogn 49:402-19. 2002
    ..These and other data are consistent with the proposal that aging is associated with a decrease in the stability of executive control over time...
  37. ncbi Brain-behavior relations across the lifespan: a commentary
    Fergus I M Craik
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, 3560 Bathurst St, Toronto, ON, Canada M6A 2E1
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 30:885-92. 2006
    ..Topics discussed include plasticity, compensation and dedifferentiation, representation and control, memory and learning-all considered under the general heading of brain-behavior relations, and how they change across the lifespan...
  38. ncbi Executive function across the life span
    Philip David Zelazo
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont, Canada M5S 3G3
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 115:167-83. 2004
    ..The findings are discussed in terms of their implications for hierarchical models of EF and its development...
  39. ncbi The role of spatial working memory in inhibition of return: evidence from divided attention tasks
    Alan D Castel
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Percept Psychophys 65:970-81. 2003
    ..Overall, the results suggest that IOR is partially mediated by a spatial working memory system...
  40. ncbi Name and face learning in older adults: effects of level of processing, self-generation, and intention to learn
    Angela K Troyer
    Psychology Department, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario M6A 2E1, Canada
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 61:P67-74. 2006
    ..Findings suggest that memory interventions should emphasize processing names semantically, processing faces physically, self-generating this information, and keeping in mind that memory for the names will be needed in the future...
  41. ncbi The effects of aging on selectivity and control in short-term recall
    Alan D Castel
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Mem Cognit 30:1078-85. 2002
    ..Overall, the data suggest that although older adults recall fewer words than do younger adults, they exert as much control over some aspects of encoding...
  42. doi Bilingualism interacts with domain in a working memory task: evidence from aging
    Lin Luo
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Canada
    Psychol Aging 28:28-34. 2013
    ..These results are discussed in terms of the interactions between a domain-general executive processing advantage for bilinguals and the domain-specific content of particular WM tasks...
  43. ncbi Levels of processing: past, present. and future?
    Fergus I M Craik
    Rotman Research Institute of Baycrest Centre, Toronto, Canada
    Memory 10:305-18. 2002
    ..In the final section I offer some speculations on future directions, discussing the notion of levels of representation and a possible continuing role for LOP in memory research...
  44. doi A processing approach to the working memory/long-term memory distinction: evidence from the levels-of-processing span task
    Nathan S Rose
    Rotman Research Institute of Baycrest, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 38:1019-29. 2012
    ....
  45. ncbi Memory for proper names in old age: a disproportionate impairment?
    Peter G Rendell
    Australian Catholic University, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia
    Q J Exp Psychol A 58:54-71. 2005
    ..Familiarity largely determined the proportions of recognizable items that were named in a prior phase. Overall, little evidence was found for a disproportionate age-related impairment in naming in either episodic or semantic memory...
  46. ncbi Divided attention in younger and older adults: effects of strategy and relatedness on memory performance and secondary task costs
    Moshe Naveh-Benjamin
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 31:520-37. 2005
    ..Naveh-Benjamin, 2000) and age-related differences in the use of self-initiated activities and environmental support (F. I. M. Craik, 1983, 1986)...
  47. ncbi Effects of time of day on age differences in working memory
    Robert West
    Rotman Research Institute of Baycrest Centre and University of Toronto, Canada
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 57:P3-10. 2002
    ..The efficiency of the response inhibition function was similar for younger and older adults and paralleled changes in body temperature...
  48. ncbi Effects of divided attention on episodic memory in chronic traumatic brain injury: a function of severity and strategy
    Jennifer A Mangels
    Department of Psychology, Schermerhorn Hall, Columbia University, 1190 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Neuropsychologia 40:2369-85. 2002
    ..We discuss these outcome differences in terms of the relationship between strategy and executive control and highlight the need for more sensitive anatomical and behavioral measurement at both acute and chronic stages of injury...
  49. ncbi Memory for general and specific value information in younger and older adults: measuring the limits of strategic control
    Alan D Castel
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 1563, USA
    Mem Cognit 35:689-700. 2007
    ..The findings suggest that although both groups retain high-value information, older adults rely more on gist-based encoding and retrieval operations, whereas younger adults are able to remember specific numeric value information...
  50. ncbi The effects of attention switching on encoding and retrieval of words in younger and older adults
    Michael J Hogan
    Department of Psychology, NUI, Galway, Ireland
    Exp Aging Res 32:153-83. 2006
    ..Results are discussed in light of theoretical models of aging memory that posit a role for executive control processing...
  51. ncbi Memory changes in normal and pathological aging
    Fergus I M Craik
    Can J Psychiatry 53:343-5. 2008