C Alain

Summary

Affiliation: Rotman Research Institute
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. pmc Dissociable memory- and response-related activity in parietal cortex during auditory spatial working memory
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care Toronto, ON, Canada
    Front Psychol 1:202. 2010
  2. ncbi Concurrent sound perception interferes with signal detection
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M6A 2E1
    J Acoust Soc Am 131:3229. 2012
  3. ncbi Noise-induced increase in human auditory evoked fields
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute at Baycrest Centre, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, ON M6A 2E1, Canada
    J Acoust Soc Am 131:3341. 2012
  4. doi Effects of age and background noise on processing a mistuned harmonic in an otherwise periodic complex sound
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M6A 2E1
    Hear Res 283:126-35. 2012
  5. ncbi Left thalamo-cortical network implicated in successful speech separation and identification
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Canada
    Neuroimage 26:592-9. 2005
  6. ncbi Hearing two things at once: neurophysiological indices of speech segregation and identification
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:811-8. 2005
  7. ncbi Aging: a switch from automatic to controlled processing of sounds?
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Psychol Aging 19:125-33. 2004
  8. ncbi Effects of attentional load on auditory scene analysis
    Claude Alain
    University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Cogn Neurosci 15:1063-73. 2003
  9. ncbi Developmental changes in distinguishing concurrent auditory objects
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario M6A 2E1Canada
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 16:210-8. 2003
  10. ncbi Age-related differences in auditory evoked responses during rapid perceptual learning
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Clin Neurophysiol 119:356-66. 2008

Detail Information

Publications71

  1. pmc Dissociable memory- and response-related activity in parietal cortex during auditory spatial working memory
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care Toronto, ON, Canada
    Front Psychol 1:202. 2010
    ..Together, these results provide converging evidence supporting the role of parietal cortex in auditory spatial working memory which can be dissociated from response selection and execution...
  2. ncbi Concurrent sound perception interferes with signal detection
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M6A 2E1
    J Acoust Soc Am 131:3229. 2012
    ....
  3. ncbi Noise-induced increase in human auditory evoked fields
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute at Baycrest Centre, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, ON M6A 2E1, Canada
    J Acoust Soc Am 131:3341. 2012
    ....
  4. doi Effects of age and background noise on processing a mistuned harmonic in an otherwise periodic complex sound
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M6A 2E1
    Hear Res 283:126-35. 2012
    ..e., 40 ms). Possible explanations for this duration-dependent age-related decline in concurrent sound perception are a general slowing in auditory processing and/or lengthening of the temporal integration window...
  5. ncbi Left thalamo-cortical network implicated in successful speech separation and identification
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Canada
    Neuroimage 26:592-9. 2005
    ....
  6. ncbi Hearing two things at once: neurophysiological indices of speech segregation and identification
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:811-8. 2005
    ....
  7. ncbi Aging: a switch from automatic to controlled processing of sounds?
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Psychol Aging 19:125-33. 2004
    ..However, this age-related decline in automatic detection of small change in the auditor environment can be compensated for by top-down controlled processes...
  8. ncbi Effects of attentional load on auditory scene analysis
    Claude Alain
    University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Cogn Neurosci 15:1063-73. 2003
    ..e., sequential vs. simultaneous grouping processes), and that they each recruit distinct neural networks...
  9. ncbi Developmental changes in distinguishing concurrent auditory objects
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario M6A 2E1Canada
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 16:210-8. 2003
    ..These findings also suggest that processes involved in distinguishing concurrent auditory objects continue to mature during adolescence...
  10. ncbi Age-related differences in auditory evoked responses during rapid perceptual learning
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Clin Neurophysiol 119:356-66. 2008
    ....
  11. ncbi Changes in auditory cortex parallel rapid perceptual learning
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto M6A 2E1, Canada
    Cereb Cortex 17:1074-84. 2007
    ..Importantly, the neuroplastic changes occurred rapidly, demonstrating the flexibility of human speech segregation mechanisms...
  12. ncbi Age-related differences in neuromagnetic brain activity underlying concurrent sound perception
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Care, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M6A 2E1
    J Neurosci 27:1308-14. 2007
    ..The results reveal that inharmonicity is rapidly and automatically registered in all three age groups but that the perception of concurrent sounds declines with age...
  13. ncbi Breaking the wave: effects of attention and learning on concurrent sound perception
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont, Canada
    Hear Res 229:225-36. 2007
    ....
  14. ncbi The role of event-related brain potentials in assessing central auditory processing
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Canada
    J Am Acad Audiol 18:573-89. 2007
    ..The notion of auditory scene analysis is used as a conceptual framework for interpreting and studying the perception of sound...
  15. doi The contribution of the inferior parietal lobe to auditory spatial working memory
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:285-95. 2008
    ....
  16. doi Spatiotemporal analysis of auditory "what" and "where" working memory
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, ON M6A 2E1, Canada
    Cereb Cortex 19:305-14. 2009
    ..The results show that for identical sounds, top-down effects on processing "what" and "where" information is observable at about 200 ms after sound onset and involves a widely distributed neural network...
  17. doi Changes in sensory evoked responses coincide with rapid improvement in speech identification performance
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, Toronto, Canada
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:392-403. 2010
    ..The results are consistent with a top-down nonspecific attention effect on neural activity during learning as well as a more learning-specific modulation, which is coincident with behavioral improvements in speech identification...
  18. ncbi Deficits in automatically detecting changes in conjunction of auditory features in patients with schizophrenia
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Psychophysiology 39:599-606. 2002
    ..These results show that patients with schizophrenia have difficulty in automatically detecting changes in a combination of auditory features as well as orienting to what "normally" would be considered salient by healthy individuals...
  19. ncbi Visual feature conjunction in patients with schizophrenia: an event-related brain potential study
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M6A 2E1
    Schizophr Res 57:69-79. 2002
    ....
  20. pmc "What" and "where" in the human auditory system
    C Alain
    The Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, ON, Canada M6A 2E1
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:12301-6. 2001
    ..These findings are analogous to the "what" and "where" segregation of visual information processing, and suggest that a similar functional organization exists for processing information from the auditory modality...
  21. ncbi Age-related changes in detecting a mistuned harmonic
    C Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Acoust Soc Am 109:2211-6. 2001
    ..The results are consistent with an age-related decline in parsing simultaneous auditory events, which may contribute to the speech perception difficulties in the elderly...
  22. ncbi Neural activity associated with distinguishing concurrent auditory objects
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Acoust Soc Am 111:990-5. 2002
    ....
  23. ncbi Auditory feature conjunction in patients with schizophrenia
    C Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario, M6A 2E1, Canada
    Schizophr Res 49:179-91. 2001
    ..The fact that both performance and P3b amplitude were similar in patients and controls suggests that controlled processes compensate for processes normally carried out by early perceptual mechanisms...
  24. ncbi Bottom-up and top-down influences on auditory scene analysis: evidence from event-related brain potentials
    C Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 27:1072-89. 2001
    ..Brain electrical source analyses showed that distinguishing simultaneous auditory objects involved a widely distributed neural network that included auditory cortices, the medial temporal lobe, and posterior association cortices...
  25. ncbi Selectively attending to auditory objects
    C Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, and Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Canada
    Front Biosci 5:D202-12. 2000
    ..Most findings can be accounted for by an object-based hypothesis in which auditory attention is allocated to perceptual objects derived from the auditory scene according to perceptual grouping principles...
  26. ncbi Separate memory-related processing for auditory frequency and patterns
    C Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, North York, Ontario, Canada
    Psychophysiology 36:737-44. 1999
    ..The results suggest separate memory-related processing for auditory frequency and patterns and indicate that the neural circuit of deviance detection varies as a function of the perceptual context...
  27. ncbi Age-related changes in processing auditory stimuli during visual attention: evidence for deficits in inhibitory control and sensory memory
    C Alain
    Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care and University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Psychol Aging 14:507-19. 1999
    ....
  28. ncbi A distributed cortical network for auditory sensory memory in humans
    C Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 3560 Bathurst Street, North York, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Brain Res 812:23-37. 1998
    ..Hippocampal lesions did not affect either performance or electrophysiological measures. The results provide evidence of a temporal-prefrontal neocortical network critical for the transient storage of auditory stimuli...
  29. ncbi Neurophysiological evidence of error-monitoring deficits in patients with schizophrenia
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute of Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M6A 2E1
    Cereb Cortex 12:840-6. 2002
    ..These findings provide neuro-physiological evidence indicating that deficits in error monitoring in schizophrenia arise from a disruption of error-detection processes, possibly attributable to anterior cingulate dysfunction...
  30. doi The temporal interaction of modality specific and process specific neural networks supporting simple working memory tasks
    Andrea B Protzner
    Krembil Neuroscience Centre, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Neuropsychologia 47:1954-63. 2009
    ....
  31. ncbi Neurophysiological evidence for disturbances of conflict processing in patients with schizophrenia
    Heather E McNeely
    Rotman Research Institute of Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Abnorm Psychol 112:679-88. 2003
    ..These results provide evidence for the existence of altered neural processes associated with conflict processing that may be associated with dysfunction of the anterior cingulate and prefrontal cortex in patients with schizophrenia...
  32. ncbi Effects of visual attentional load on low-level auditory scene analysis
    Benjamin J Dyson
    Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, England
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 5:319-38. 2005
    ..In Experiment 3, we investigated auditory ERP generation under conditions of no visual task. The results are discussed with respect to a distinction between process-general (N1 and P2) and process-specific (MMN and ORN) auditory ERPs...
  33. ncbi Attention modulates auditory pattern memory as indexed by event-related brain potentials
    C Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, University of Toronto, Canada
    Psychophysiology 34:534-46. 1997
    ..The results show that selective attention modulates auditory pattern memory...
  34. ncbi Sensitivity of EEG and MEG to the N1 and P2 auditory evoked responses modulated by spectral complexity of sounds
    Antoine J Shahin
    UC Davis Center for Mind and Brain, University of California Davis, 267 Cousteau Place, Davis, CA 95618, USA
    Brain Topogr 20:55-61. 2007
    ..The radial contribution is expressed preferentially in EEG, highlighting the importance of combining EEG with MEG where complex source configurations are suspected...
  35. ncbi Mismatch negativity: different water in the same river
    T W Picton
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, University of Toronto, Canada
    Audiol Neurootol 5:111-39. 2000
    ..Improvements in the techniques for measuring the MMN and in the paradigms for eliciting it will be needed before the MMN can become clinically useful as an objective measurement of such disorders in individual patients...
  36. ncbi Attentional set modulates visual areas: an event-related potential study of attentional capture
    S R Arnott
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Toronto, Canada
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 12:383-95. 2001
    ..These findings support the notion that attentional capture with peripheral cues is not simply reflexive but is modulated by top-down processes...
  37. doi Concurrent sound segregation is enhanced in musicians
    Benjamin Rich Zendel
    University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Cogn Neurosci 21:1488-98. 2009
    ....
  38. ncbi The functional organization of auditory working memory as revealed by fMRI
    Stephen R Arnott
    Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Canada
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:819-31. 2005
    ....
  39. ncbi Toward a neurophysiological theory of auditory stream segregation
    Joel S Snyder
    Department of Psychiatry, Veterans Affairs Boston Healthcare System, Harvard Medical School, MA, USA
    Psychol Bull 133:780-99. 2007
    ..Topographic maps of acoustic attributes, stimulus-specific suppression, and competition between representations are among the neurophysiological mechanisms that likely contribute to streaming. A framework for future research is proposed...
  40. ncbi Intracerebral sources of human auditory-evoked potentials
    T W Picton
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, University of Toronto, Canada
    Audiol Neurootol 4:64-79. 1999
    ..The analyses also suggested the possibility of additional sources in the frontal lobes...
  41. ncbi Contribution of harmonicity and location to auditory object formation in free field: evidence from event-related brain potentials
    Kelly L McDonald
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Ontario, Canada
    J Acoust Soc Am 118:1593-604. 2005
    ..The results also indicate that a conjunction of harmonicity and location cues contribute to sound segregation primarily when harmonicity is ambiguous...
  42. ncbi Within- and between-channel gap detection in the human auditory cortex
    Antje Heinrich
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto at Mississauga, 3359 Mississauga Rd, Mississauga, ON, L5L 1C6
    Neuroreport 15:2051-6. 2004
    ..e., gap) within and between channels is comparable despite significant differences in gap size. The dipole source modeling suggests that both within- and between-gap signals are represented in or near the primary auditory cortex...
  43. ncbi Aging and the processing of sound duration in human auditory cortex
    Jodi M Ostroff
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 3560 Bathurst Street, M6A 2E1 ON, Toronto, Canada
    Hear Res 181:1-7. 2003
    ..The results demonstrate that the N1 and P2 waves can resolve duration differences as short as 2-4 ms and that normal aging decreases the temporal resolving power for processing small differences in sound duration...
  44. ncbi Neurophysiological evidence of cognitive inhibition anomalies in persons with major depressive disorder
    Heather E McNeely
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 250 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Clin Neurophysiol 119:1578-89. 2008
    ..The neural correlates of inhibitory deficits for emotional semantic material in persons with major depressive disorder (MDD) were investigated...
  45. ncbi Effects of attention on neuroelectric correlates of auditory stream segregation
    Joel S Snyder
    Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, University of Toronto, Canada
    J Cogn Neurosci 18:1-13. 2006
    ..These findings provide evidence for two cortical mechanisms of streaming: automatic segregation of sounds and attention-dependent buildup process that integrates successive tones within streams over several seconds...
  46. ncbi Occasional changes in sound location enhance middle latency evoked responses
    Ranil R Sonnadara
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4K1
    Brain Res 1076:187-92. 2006
    ..Our data suggest that any such processing is in fact preceded by activation in primary auditory cortex...
  47. ncbi Scalp topography and intracerebral sources for ERPs recorded during auditory target detection
    Antoine J Shahin
    Center for Mind and Brain, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, USA
    Brain Topogr 19:89-105. 2006
    ..Perceptual discrimination is related to interactions between the frontal and temporal regions, stimulus-response association occurs in the temporo-parietal regions and post-perceptual processing in the right temporo-parietal region...
  48. ncbi Is a change as good with a rest? Task-dependent effects of inter-trial contingency on concurrent sound segregation
    Benjamin J Dyson
    Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, BN1 9QH, UK
    Brain Res 1189:135-44. 2008
    ..The data are discussed in terms of current models of concurrent sound perception and how top-down processes might influence these mechanisms...
  49. ncbi Event-related neural activity associated with the Stroop task
    R West
    Rotman Research Institute of Baycrest Centre, North York, ON, Canada
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 8:157-64. 1999
    ....
  50. doi Noise-induced increase in human auditory evoked neuromagnetic fields
    Claude Alain
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Eur J Neurosci 30:132-42. 2009
    ..We suggest that noise-induced increases in transient evoked responses may be mediated via efferent feedback connections between the auditory cortex and lower auditory centers...
  51. ncbi Mechanisms of spontaneous confabulations: a strategic retrieval account
    Asaf Gilboa
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, University of Toronto Ontario, Canada
    Brain 129:1399-414. 2006
    ..Other deficits, including TCC and CC, may be required for spontaneous confabulations to arise. The confluence of different sub-components of strategic retrieval would determine the content of confabulation and exacerbate its occurrence...
  52. ncbi Alcohol consumption impairs stimulus- and error-related processing during a Go/No-Go Task
    Craig Easdon
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Care, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 25:873-83. 2005
    ....
  53. ncbi Effects of spatial separation and stimulus probability on the event-related potentials elicited by occasional changes in sound location
    Ranil R Sonnadara
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4K1
    Brain Res 1071:175-85. 2006
    ..The early latency of MMN for changes in sound location is interpreted in the context of an early-warning system to alert the organism to new sound sources in the environment...
  54. ncbi Sequential auditory scene analysis is preserved in normal aging adults
    Joel S Snyder
    The Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Cereb Cortex 17:501-12. 2007
    ..We conclude that age-related difficulties in separating competing speakers are unlikely to arise from deficits in streaming and might instead reflect less efficient concurrent sound segregation...
  55. ncbi Age-related differences in brain activity underlying working memory for spatial and nonspatial auditory information
    Cheryl L Grady
    Rotman Research Institute at Baycrest, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Cereb Cortex 18:189-99. 2008
    ....
  56. ncbi I've heard it all before: perceptual invariance represented by early cortical auditory-evoked responses
    Benjamin J Dyson
    The Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M6A 2E1
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 23:457-60. 2005
    ....
  57. doi Neuroelectric correlates of auditory attentional blink
    Dawei Shen
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Psychophysiology 47:184-91. 2010
    ..These results suggest that the auditory AB reflects a limitation of short-term consolidation and provides evidence for a common underlying processing limitation during the AB in both visual and auditory modalities...
  58. pmc Biological markers of auditory gap detection in young, middle-aged, and older adults
    Bernhard Ross
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 5:e10101. 2010
    ..The observed effects indicate that age-related changes in auditory acuity have more to do with higher-order brain functions than previously thought...
  59. ncbi Stepping out of the spotlight: MMN attenuation as a function of distance from the attended location
    Stephen R Arnott
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario M6A 2E1, Canada
    Neuroreport 13:2209-12. 2002
    ..The results are consistent with a spotlight model of auditory attention in which the processing of stimuli outside the attentional focus is attenuated as a function of increasing distance from the focus...
  60. ncbi Effects of perceptual context on event-related brain potentials during auditory spatial attention
    Stephen R Arnott
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Psychophysiology 39:625-32. 2002
    ....
  61. doi Neural encoding of sound duration persists in older adults
    Bernhard Ross
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M6A 2E1
    Neuroimage 47:678-87. 2009
    ..The results demonstrated that early cortical encoding of the temporal structure of sound presented in silence is little or not affected by normal aging...
  62. ncbi Explicit versus implicit gaze processing assessed by ERPs
    Roxane J Itier
    The Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M6A 2E1
    Brain Res 1177:79-89. 2007
    ..Neural markers of head orientation occur before those for gaze direction and the early structural encoding stages of face processing are view-dependant...
  63. ncbi Early face processing specificity: it's in the eyes!
    Roxane J Itier
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, Toronto, Canada
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:1815-26. 2007
    ..This dynamic response modulation accounts for the N170 variations reported in the literature. The eyes may be central to what makes faces so special...
  64. ncbi Representation of concurrent acoustic objects in primary auditory cortex
    Benjamin J Dyson
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario M6A 2E1, Canada
    J Acoust Soc Am 115:280-8. 2004
    ..Our results are consistent with a low-level stage of auditory scene analysis in which acoustic properties such as mistuning act as preattentive segregation cues that can subsequently lead to the perception of multiple auditory objects...
  65. ncbi Assessing the auditory dual-pathway model in humans
    Stephen R Arnott
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M6A 2E1
    Neuroimage 22:401-8. 2004
    ..g., sound identity) is processed primarily along the ventral stream whereas sound location is processed along the dorsal stream and areas posterior to primary auditory cortex...
  66. ncbi Perceptual learning modulates sensory evoked response during vowel segregation
    Karen S Reinke
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, ON M6A 2E1, Canada
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 17:781-91. 2003
    ..The effects of training on sensory evoked responses are consistent with the proposal that perceptual learning is associated with changes in sensory cortices...
  67. ncbi Age-related changes in neural activity associated with concurrent vowel segregation
    Joel S Snyder
    The Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M6A 2E1
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 24:492-9. 2005
    ..In contrast, young and older adults showed a similar pattern of neural activity indexing attentive processing of Deltaf0. The results suggest that aging affects the ability to automatically segregate speech sounds...
  68. ncbi Attribute capture in the precedence effect for long-duration noise sounds
    Liang Li
    Department of Psychology, Speech and Hearing Research Center, National Key Laboratory on Machine Perception, Peking University, Beijing, China
    Hear Res 202:235-47. 2005
    ..Finally, scalp event-related potentials were not associated with the precedence effect until the gap occurred. This suggests that cortical mechanisms are engaged to maintain fusion when attributes in direct or reflected waves change...
  69. ncbi It all sounds the same to me: sequential ERP and behavioral effects during pitch and harmonicity judgments
    Benjamin J Dyson
    Department of Psychology, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 8:329-43. 2008
    ..In addition, ERP components N2 and P3 were modulated by both intertrial contingency and task instructions, revealing the further influence of top-down mechanisms on concurrent sound segregation...
  70. ncbi Event-related neural activity associated with habit and recollection
    Janine F Hay
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 3560 Bathurst Street, M6A 2E1, Toronto, Ont, Canada
    Neuropsychologia 40:260-70. 2002
    ..Partial-least squares analyses revealed two significant latent variables that distinguished recollection and habit, consistent with the distinction between consciously controlled and automatic influences of memory...
  71. ncbi Automatic and controlled processing of melodic contour and interval information measured by electrical brain activity
    Laurel J Trainor
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4K1
    J Cogn Neurosci 14:430-42. 2002
    ..The results indicate that even in the absence of musical training, the brain is set up to automatically encode music-specific melodic information, even when absolute pitch information is not available...