R Ross

Summary

Affiliation: Queen's University
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Dose-response effects of exercise on abdominal obesity and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in adults: study rationale, design and methods
    Robert Ross
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, ON, Canada
    Contemp Clin Trials 34:155-60. 2013
  2. doi request reprint Trial of prevention and reduction of obesity through active living in clinical settings: a randomized controlled trial
    Robert Ross
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, 28 Division St, Queen s University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada
    Arch Intern Med 172:414-24. 2012
  3. ncbi request reprint Does the relationship between waist circumference, morbidity and mortality depend on measurement protocol for waist circumference?
    R Ross
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, ON, Canada
    Obes Rev 9:312-25. 2008
  4. pmc Is weight loss the optimal target for obesity-related cardiovascular disease risk reduction?
    Robert Ross
    Department of Medicine, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario
    Can J Cardiol 24:25D-31D. 2008
  5. doi request reprint Prevention and Reduction of Obesity through Active Living (PROACTIVE): rationale, design and methods
    R Ross
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, 69 Union Street, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    Br J Sports Med 43:57-63. 2009
  6. doi request reprint The future of obesity reduction: beyond weight loss
    Robert Ross
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, ON, Canada
    Nat Rev Endocrinol 5:319-25. 2009
  7. doi request reprint Abdominal obesity, insulin resistance, and the metabolic syndrome: contribution of physical activity/exercise
    Robert Ross
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:S1-2. 2009
  8. doi request reprint Incidental physical activity is positively associated with cardiorespiratory fitness
    K Ashlee McGuire
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 43:2189-94. 2011
  9. ncbi request reprint Reduction in obesity and related comorbid conditions after diet-induced weight loss or exercise-induced weight loss in men. A randomized, controlled trial
    R Ross
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Ann Intern Med 133:92-103. 2000
  10. ncbi request reprint Response of total and regional lean tissue and skeletal muscle to a program of energy restriction and resistance exercise
    R Ross
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 19:781-7. 1995

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications80

  1. doi request reprint Dose-response effects of exercise on abdominal obesity and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in adults: study rationale, design and methods
    Robert Ross
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, ON, Canada
    Contemp Clin Trials 34:155-60. 2013
    ....
  2. doi request reprint Trial of prevention and reduction of obesity through active living in clinical settings: a randomized controlled trial
    Robert Ross
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, 28 Division St, Queen s University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada
    Arch Intern Med 172:414-24. 2012
    ..The efficacy of physical activity with a healthful diet to reduce obesity is established; however, little is known about the translation of effective lifestyle strategies for obesity reduction in primary care settings...
  3. ncbi request reprint Does the relationship between waist circumference, morbidity and mortality depend on measurement protocol for waist circumference?
    R Ross
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, ON, Canada
    Obes Rev 9:312-25. 2008
    ..Our findings suggest that WC measurement protocol has no substantial influence on the association between WC, all-cause and CVD mortality, CVD and diabetes...
  4. pmc Is weight loss the optimal target for obesity-related cardiovascular disease risk reduction?
    Robert Ross
    Department of Medicine, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario
    Can J Cardiol 24:25D-31D. 2008
    ..Failure to recognize the benefits of exercise independent of weight loss masks opportunities to counsel and educate patients whose sole criteria for gauging obesity reduction success is the bathroom scale...
  5. doi request reprint Prevention and Reduction of Obesity through Active Living (PROACTIVE): rationale, design and methods
    R Ross
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, 69 Union Street, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    Br J Sports Med 43:57-63. 2009
    ..The purpose of this report is to present and discuss the rationale, design and methods of PROACTIVE...
  6. doi request reprint The future of obesity reduction: beyond weight loss
    Robert Ross
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, ON, Canada
    Nat Rev Endocrinol 5:319-25. 2009
    ..Clinicians could encourage positive lifestyle changes in their patients by counseling them that obesity and its associated health risks can be reduced in response to an increase in physical activity with or without weight loss...
  7. doi request reprint Abdominal obesity, insulin resistance, and the metabolic syndrome: contribution of physical activity/exercise
    Robert Ross
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:S1-2. 2009
    ....
  8. doi request reprint Incidental physical activity is positively associated with cardiorespiratory fitness
    K Ashlee McGuire
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 43:2189-94. 2011
    ..The primary aim was to determine whether incidental physical activity (IPA), expressed either as duration or intensity, was associated with cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF)...
  9. ncbi request reprint Reduction in obesity and related comorbid conditions after diet-induced weight loss or exercise-induced weight loss in men. A randomized, controlled trial
    R Ross
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Ann Intern Med 133:92-103. 2000
    ..The effects of exercise without weight loss on fat distribution and other risk factors are also unclear...
  10. ncbi request reprint Response of total and regional lean tissue and skeletal muscle to a program of energy restriction and resistance exercise
    R Ross
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 19:781-7. 1995
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Effects of an energy-restrictive diet with or without exercise on abdominal fat, intermuscular fat, and metabolic risk factors in obese women
    Ian Janssen
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Diabetes Care 25:431-8. 2002
    ..A second objective considered whether reductions in metabolic risk factors are related to concurrent changes in abdominal and/or intermuscular fat distribution...
  12. ncbi request reprint Physical activity, total and regional obesity: dose-response considerations
    R Ross
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Ontario, Canada
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:S521-7; discussion S528-9. 2001
    ..This review was undertaken to determine whether exercise-induced weight loss was associated with corresponding reductions in total, abdominal, and visceral fat in a dose-response manner...
  13. ncbi request reprint Exercise alone is an effective strategy for reducing obesity and related comorbidities
    R Ross
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Exerc Sport Sci Rev 28:165-70. 2000
    ..Recent evidence counters the dogma that daily exercise produces only modest weight loss and suggests that exercise without diet restriction is an effective strategy for reducing obesity and related co-morbidities...
  14. ncbi request reprint Plasma leptin in moderately obese men: independent effects of weight loss and aerobic exercise
    F S Thong
    Department of Human Biology and Nutritional Sciences, University of Guelph, N1G 2W1, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 279:E307-13. 2000
    ..We conclude that reduction in adipose tissue after weight loss results in a collateral decrease in circulating leptin, and exercise, independent of its effects on weight loss, has no profound influence on leptin secretion...
  15. ncbi request reprint Is abdominal fat preferentially reduced in response to exercise-induced weight loss?
    R Ross
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 31:S568-72. 1999
    ..This review was undertaken to clarify whether abdominal fat is preferentially reduced consequent to weight loss induced by regular exercise...
  16. ncbi request reprint Fitness alters the associations of BMI and waist circumference with total and abdominal fat
    Ian Janssen
    Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Obes Res 12:525-37. 2004
    ....
  17. doi request reprint Whole-body skeletal muscle mass is not related to glucose tolerance or insulin sensitivity in overweight and obese men and women
    Jennifer L Kuk
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, ON, Canada
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 33:769-74. 2008
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint Waist circumference and not body mass index explains obesity-related health risk
    Ian Janssen
    Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Queen s University, Kingston, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:379-84. 2004
    ..The addition of waist circumference (WC) to body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)) predicts a greater variance in health risk than does BMI alone; however, whether the reverse is true is not known...
  19. ncbi request reprint Liver fat is not a marker of metabolic risk in lean premenopausal women
    Jennifer L Kuk
    School of Physical and Health Education, Department of Medicine, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Metabolism 53:1066-71. 2004
    ..Conversely, both visceral and the deep subcutaneous depot are determinants of metabolic risk in premenopausal woman despite the absence of obesity...
  20. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with diminished total and abdominal obesity independent of body mass index
    R Ross
    School of Physical and Health Edcuation, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27:204-10. 2003
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Caffeine ingestion is associated with reductions in glucose uptake independent of obesity and type 2 diabetes before and after exercise training
    SoJung Lee
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, K7L 3N6
    Diabetes Care 28:566-72. 2005
    ..We also examined whether chronic exercise influences the relationship between caffeine and insulin sensitivity in these individuals...
  22. ncbi request reprint Waist circumference and abdominal adipose tissue distribution: influence of age and sex
    Jennifer L Kuk
    School of Physical and Health Education and the Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Queen s University, Kingston, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:1330-4. 2005
    ..The influence of age and sex on the distribution of abdominal adipose tissue for a given waist circumference (WC) is unclear...
  23. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with lower abdominal fat independent of body mass index
    Suzy L Wong
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:286-91. 2004
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Cardiorespiratory fitness attenuates metabolic risk independent of abdominal subcutaneous and visceral fat in men
    SoJung Lee
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, K7L 3N6
    Diabetes Care 28:895-901. 2005
    ..Unknown is whether CRF attenuates health risk for a given level of abdominal visceral fat, subcutaneous fat, and/or waist circumference...
  25. ncbi request reprint Exercise without weight loss is an effective strategy for obesity reduction in obese individuals with and without Type 2 diabetes
    SoJung Lee
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s Univ, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    J Appl Physiol 99:1220-5. 2005
    ..01) independent of groups. In conclusion, regular exercise without weight loss is associated with a substantial reduction in total and visceral fat and in skeletal muscle lipid in both obesity and T2D...
  26. doi request reprint Association between dietary fat intake, liver fat, and insulin sensitivity in sedentary, abdominally obese, older men
    Jennifer L Kuk
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, ON, Canada
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 33:239-45. 2008
    ..In conclusion, liver fat is associated with dietary fat intake and alcohol consumption over 10 d, but not 1 d. Furthermore, dietary habits may influence the relationship between liver fat and insulin sensitivity...
  27. ncbi request reprint Application of simple anthropometry in the assessment of health risk: implications for the Canadian Physical Activity, Fitness and Lifestyle Appraisal
    Ian Janssen
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, ON
    Can J Appl Physiol 27:396-414. 2002
    ..Consistent with this objective, when necessary we present original data to reinforce important concepts not suitably addressed in the literature...
  28. ncbi request reprint Visceral fat and liver fat are independent predictors of metabolic risk factors in men
    Thanh Binh Nguyen-Duy
    School of Physical and Health Education, Department of Medicine, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 284:E1065-71. 2003
    ..These observations reinforce the importance of visceral obesity in the pathogenesis of dyslipidemia in men, and they suggest that visceral AT and liver fat carry independent health risk...
  29. ncbi request reprint Effects of diet- and exercise-induced weight loss on visceral adipose tissue in men and women
    R Ross
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Sports Med 24:55-64. 1997
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Advances in the application of imaging methods in applied and clinical physiology
    R Ross
    School of Physical and Health Education, Department of Medicine, Queen s University, K7L 3N6, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Acta Diabetol 40:S45-50. 2003
    ..These recent advances in the use of CT and MRI in body composition research are discussed with a focus on clinical applications...
  31. ncbi request reprint The importance of waist circumference in the definition of metabolic syndrome: prospective analyses of mortality in men
    Peter T Katzmarzyk
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada
    Diabetes Care 29:404-9. 2006
    ....
  32. ncbi request reprint Abdominal obesity, liver fat, and muscle composition in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia
    Peter M Janiszewski
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:3816-21. 2007
    ..Survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) become obese, and are at increased risk for morbidity and mortality post therapy...
  33. ncbi request reprint Body mass index and waist circumference independently contribute to the prediction of nonabdominal, abdominal subcutaneous, and visceral fat
    Ian Janssen
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:683-8. 2002
    ....
  34. ncbi request reprint Physical activity in the treatment of obesity: beyond body weight reduction
    Peter M Janiszewski
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 32:512-22. 2007
    ..Consideration is also given to the utility of physical activity with minimal or no weight loss in the treatment of obesity...
  35. ncbi request reprint Body mass index is inversely related to mortality in older people after adjustment for waist circumference
    Ian Janssen
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    J Am Geriatr Soc 53:2112-8. 2005
    ..To examine the individual and combined influence of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) on mortality risk in older people...
  36. ncbi request reprint Visceral fat is an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in men
    Jennifer L Kuk
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:336-41. 2006
    ..To examine the independent associations of abdominal fat (visceral and subcutaneous) and liver fat with all-cause mortality...
  37. ncbi request reprint Metabolic syndrome, obesity, and mortality: impact of cardiorespiratory fitness
    Peter T Katzmarzyk
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Diabetes Care 28:391-7. 2005
    ..To determine in normal weight, overweight, and obese men the risk of all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality associated with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and the influence of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF)...
  38. ncbi request reprint Abdominal obesity, muscle composition, and insulin resistance in premenopausal women
    Robert Ross
    Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 87:5044-51. 2002
    ..Subdivision of abdominal sc AT did not provide additional insight into the relationship between abdominal obesity and metabolic risk...
  39. ncbi request reprint Discrimination of health risk by combined body mass index and waist circumference
    Christopher I Ardern
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Obes Res 11:135-42. 2003
    ..NIH Clinical Guidelines (1998) recommend the measurement of waist circumference (WC, centimeters) within body mass index (BMI, kilograms per square meter) categories as a screening tool for increased health risk...
  40. ncbi request reprint Body mass index, waist circumference, and health risk: evidence in support of current National Institutes of Health guidelines
    Ian Janssen
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    Arch Intern Med 162:2074-9. 2002
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint Low relative skeletal muscle mass (sarcopenia) in older persons is associated with functional impairment and physical disability
    Ian Janssen
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    J Am Geriatr Soc 50:889-96. 2002
    ..To establish the prevalence of sarcopenia in older Americans and to test the hypothesis that sarcopenia is related to functional impairment and physical disability in older persons...
  42. ncbi request reprint Abdominal adiposity and insulin resistance in obese men
    Robert Ross
    School of Physical and Health Education, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, K7L 3N6
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 282:E657-63. 2002
    ..Subdivision of visceral and abdominal subcutaneous AT by MRI did not provide additional insight into the relationship between abdominal obesity and metabolic risk in obese men...
  43. ncbi request reprint Skeletal muscle cutpoints associated with elevated physical disability risk in older men and women
    Ian Janssen
    Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 159:413-21. 2004
    ....
  44. ncbi request reprint Interindividual variation in abdominal subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue: influence of measurement site
    SoJung Lee
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    J Appl Physiol 97:948-54. 2004
    ..However, the ability to predict SAT and VAT mass by using single images obtained at the L4-L5, L4-L5 +5 cm, or L3-L4 levels is comparable...
  45. ncbi request reprint Exercise-induced reduction in obesity and insulin resistance in women: a randomized controlled trial
    Robert Ross
    School of Physical and Health Education, Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Obes Res 12:789-98. 2004
    ..To determine the effects of equivalent diet- or exercise-induced weight loss and exercise without weight loss on subcutaneous fat, visceral fat, and insulin sensitivity in obese women...
  46. doi request reprint Is the reduction of lower-body subcutaneous adipose tissue associated with elevations in risk factors for diabetes and cardiovascular disease?
    P M Janiszewski
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, ON, Canada, K7L 3N6
    Diabetologia 51:1475-82. 2008
    ....
  47. ncbi request reprint Relation between whole-body and regional measures of human skeletal muscle
    So Jung Lee
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1215-21. 2004
    ..It is unknown whether regional measures of skeletal muscle (SM) in the thigh and abdomen accurately reflect whole-body SM mass...
  48. ncbi request reprint Development of health-related waist circumference thresholds within BMI categories
    Chris I Ardern
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
    Obes Res 12:1094-103. 2004
    ..To develop and cross-validate waist circumference (WC) thresholds within BMI categories. The utility of the derived values was compared with the single WC thresholds (women, 88 cm; men, 102 cm) recommended by NIH and Health Canada...
  49. doi request reprint Abdominal obesity and physical inactivity are associated with erectile dysfunction independent of body mass index
    Peter M Janiszewski
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    J Sex Med 6:1990-8. 2009
    ..Erectile dysfunction (ED) is common among men with an elevated body mass index (BMI). However, a high waist circumference (WC) and low levels of physical activity may predict ED independently of BMI...
  50. ncbi request reprint Independent associations between liver fat, visceral adipose tissue, and metabolic risk factors in men
    Kathleen P McMillan
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, ON, Canada
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 32:265-72. 2007
    ..Both liver fat and visceral AT were associated with metabolic risk in men. However, when controlled for each other, visceral AT was the only independent associate of metabolic risk...
  51. doi request reprint Breast volume is an independent predictor of visceral and ectopic fat in premenopausal women
    Peter M Janiszewski
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:1183-7. 2010
    ..Thus, the previously documented association between breast size and type 2 diabetes risk may be in part explained by excess VAT and/or IMAT deposition...
  52. doi request reprint Measurement site and the association between visceral and abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue with metabolic risk in women
    Jennifer L Kuk
    School of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:1336-40. 2010
    ..Thus, there is not enough evidence to support changing the current research practice of assessing VAT volume or at L4-L5 for the prediction of metabolic risk...
  53. ncbi request reprint Body mass index and hip and thigh circumferences are negatively associated with visceral adipose tissue after control for waist circumference
    Jennifer L Kuk
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:1540-4. 2007
    ....
  54. ncbi request reprint Abdominal adipose tissue distribution and metabolic risk
    Suzy Wong
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Sports Med 33:709-26. 2003
    ..When necessary, we present original data to reinforce important concepts not suitably addressed in the literature. We conclude with a consideration of proposed mechanisms that may link abdominal adiposity and metabolic risk...
  55. doi request reprint Ability of physical activity to predict cardiovascular disease beyond commonly evaluated cardiometabolic risk factors
    K Ashlee McGuire
    Queen s University School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Cardiol 104:1522-6. 2009
    ..In conclusion, PA was associated with CVD, independent of the common cardiometabolic risk factors, in men and women. The association between PA and CVD risk was not mediated by the measured cardiometabolic risk factors...
  56. doi request reprint Associations of the limb fat to trunk fat ratio with markers of cardiometabolic risk in elderly men and women
    Travis J Saunders
    Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 64:1066-70. 2009
    ..The ratio of limb fat to trunk fat (LF/TF) is associated with markers of cardiometabolic risk in elderly men and women. It is unknown if LF/TF is associated with cardiometabolic risk beyond that explained by LF and TF independently...
  57. ncbi request reprint Magnetic resonance imaging in human body composition research. From quantitative to qualitative tissue measurement
    R Ross
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 904:12-7. 2000
    ....
  58. doi request reprint Influence of sex on total and regional fat loss in overweight and obese men and women
    J L Kuk
    School of Kinesiology and Health Science, Faculty of Health Science, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Obes (Lond) 33:629-34. 2009
    ....
  59. doi request reprint Effects of exercise modality on insulin resistance and functional limitation in older adults: a randomized controlled trial
    Lance E Davidson
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada
    Arch Intern Med 169:122-31. 2009
    ..However, the incremental effects of combined resistance and aerobic exercise compared with either modality alone on risk factors for disease and disability is generally unknown...
  60. doi request reprint The utility of physical activity in the management of global cardiometabolic risk
    Peter M Janiszewski
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:S3-S14. 2009
    ..Where possible, specific consideration is given to the independent effects of an acute bout of physical activity vs. chronic physical activity with weight loss vs. chronic physical activity without weight loss...
  61. pmc Effects of weight loss among metabolically healthy obese men and women
    Peter M Janiszewski
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Diabetes Care 33:1957-9. 2010
    ..We studied the effects of exercise- or diet-induced weight loss on cardio-metabolic risk among MHO and metabolically abnormal obese (MAO) adults...
  62. ncbi request reprint Duration of overweight and metabolic health risk in American men and women
    Ian Janssen
    Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Queen s University, Kingston, K7L 3N6, Ontario, Canada
    Ann Epidemiol 14:585-91. 2004
    ..To investigate the association between overweight duration and metabolic health risk...
  63. doi request reprint Age-related changes in total and regional fat distribution
    Jennifer L Kuk
    School of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Ageing Res Rev 8:339-48. 2009
    ..Consideration will also be given to the strengths and limitations associated with some of the anthropometric methodologies employed for assessing these changes...
  64. ncbi request reprint Does measurement site for visceral and abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue alter associations with the metabolic syndrome?
    Jennifer L Kuk
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    Diabetes Care 29:679-84. 2006
    ....
  65. ncbi request reprint Protocol for measurement of liver fat by computed tomography
    Lance E Davidson
    School of Physical and Health Education, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Queen s Univ, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    J Appl Physiol 100:864-8. 2006
    ..0 HU for liver and <3.5 HU for spleen. Acquisition of a single CT image at the T12-L1 level is a practical and reliable method for routine measurement of liver fat in research and clinical settings...
  66. ncbi request reprint Does waist circumference predict diabetes and cardiovascular disease beyond commonly evaluated cardiometabolic risk factors?
    Peter M Janiszewski
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, K7L 3N6
    Diabetes Care 30:3105-9. 2007
    ..In response, we sought to determine whether WC predicts diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) beyond that explained by BMI and commonly obtained cardiometabolic risk factors including blood pressure, lipoproteins, and glucose...
  67. ncbi request reprint Combination of BMI and Waist Circumference for Identifying Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Whites
    Shankuan Zhu
    New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center and Institute of Human Nutrition, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, USA
    Obes Res 12:633-45. 2004
    ..The present study sought to identify the combination of BMI and WC that has the strongest association with CVD risk factors in whites...
  68. ncbi request reprint Dose-dependent effects of testosterone on regional adipose tissue distribution in healthy young men
    Linda J Woodhouse
    Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Molecular Medicine, Charles R Drew University of Medicine and Science, Los Angeles, California 90059, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:718-26. 2004
    ..Conversely, elevating testosterone concentrations above baseline induces a greater loss of AT from the smaller, deeper intermuscular stores of the thigh...
  69. ncbi request reprint Association of cardiorespiratory fitness, body mass index, and waist circumference to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
    Timothy S Church
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, Texas, USA
    Gastroenterology 130:2023-30. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the association between cardiorespiratory fitness, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference with markers of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)...
  70. ncbi request reprint Weight loss strategies for obese adults: personalized weight management program vs. standard care
    Nuala M Byrne
    School of Human Movement Studies, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, Q4059 Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:1777-88. 2006
    ....
  71. ncbi request reprint An exercise intervention without weight loss decreases circulating interleukin-6 in lean and obese men with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Mark J Dekker
    Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1
    Metabolism 56:332-8. 2007
    ....
  72. ncbi request reprint Skeletal muscle lipid concentration quantified by magnetic resonance imaging
    Bret H Goodpaster
    Department of Medicine, 809 North MUH, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:748-54. 2004
    ..Skeletal muscle lipid is associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes and may be altered by diet, physical activity, and weight loss...
  73. doi request reprint Independent and opposite associations of hip and waist circumference with metabolic syndrome components and with inflammatory and atherothrombotic risk factors in overweight and obese women
    Paulo M Rocha
    Exercise and Health Laboratory, Faculty of Human Movement, Technical University of Lisbon, Estrada da Costa, 1495 688 Cruz Quebrada, Portugal
    Metabolism 57:1315-22. 2008
    ..Besides body mass index and WC screening relevance, HC can contribute to additionally predict health risk in overweight and obese women...
  74. ncbi request reprint Can EGCG reduce abdominal fat in obese subjects?
    Alison M Hill
    ATN Centre for Metabolic Fitness, School of Health Sciences University of South Australia, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
    J Am Coll Nutr 26:396S-402S. 2007
    ..To evaluate metabolic effects of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) supplementation when combined with a program of regular aerobic exercise in overweight/obese post-menopausal women...
  75. ncbi request reprint Medium-chain triglycerides increase energy expenditure and decrease adiposity in overweight men
    Marie Pierre St-Onge
    School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, McGill University, Ste Anne de Bellevue, Quebec, Canada
    Obes Res 11:395-402. 2003
    ....
  76. doi request reprint The relationship between cardiometabolic and hemostatic variables: influence of race
    Arlette Perry
    Laboratory of Clinical and Applied Physiology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA
    Metabolism 57:200-6. 2008
    ..Our findings indicated the t-PA/PAI-1 complex to be the most global indicator of health risk in both WA and AA overweight/obese women...
  77. ncbi request reprint Does exercise without weight loss improve insulin sensitivity?
    Robert Ross
    Diabetes Care 26:944-5. 2003
  78. pmc Adipose tissue quantification by imaging methods: a proposed classification
    Wei Shen
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital and Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10025, USA
    Obes Res 11:5-16. 2003
    ..This analysis leads us to propose an updated classification of total body and regional adipose tissue, providing a well-defined basis for correlating imaging studies of specific adipose tissue depots with molecular processes...
  79. pmc Behavioral risk factors in relation to visceral adipose tissue deposition in adolescent females
    Aviva Must
    Department of Public Health and Family Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA
    Int J Pediatr Obes 3:28-36. 2008
    ..To characterize visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue (SAAT) deposition in girls over the pubertal period and to assess the influence of behavioral risk factors on their deposition...
  80. ncbi request reprint Exercise in pregnancy and the postpartum period
    Gregory A L Davies
    J Obstet Gynaecol Can 25:516-29. 2003
    ..To design Canadian guidelines advising obstetric care providers of the maternal, fetal, and neonatal implications of aerobic and strength-conditioning exercises in pregnancy...