Jamie C Brehaut

Summary

Affiliation: Ottawa Health Research Institute
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. pmc Researchers' perceptions of ethical challenges in cluster randomized trials: a qualitative analysis
    Andrew D McRae
    Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Calgary, Foothills Medical Centre, Rm C231, 1403 29 Street NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 2T9, Canada
    Trials 14:1. 2013
  2. pmc What is the role and authority of gatekeepers in cluster randomized trials in health research?
    Antonio Gallo
    Rotman Institute of Philosophy, University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A 5B8, Canada
    Trials 13:116. 2012
  3. pmc Understanding the Canadian adult CT head rule trial: use of the theoretical domains framework for process evaluation
    Janet A Curran
    Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Civic Campus, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Implement Sci 8:25. 2013
  4. pmc Building theories of knowledge translation interventions: use the entire menu of constructs
    Jamie C Brehaut
    Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, The Ottawa Hospital, General Campus, Centre for Practice Changing Research, 501 Smyth Road, Box 201B, Ottawa, ON K1H 8L6, Canada
    Implement Sci 7:114. 2012
  5. ncbi request reprint Informed consent documents do not encourage good-quality decision making
    Jamie C Brehaut
    Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, The Ottawa Hospital, General Campus, 501 Smyth Road, Centre for Practice Changing Research, Box 201B, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1H 8L6
    J Clin Epidemiol 65:708-24. 2012
  6. ncbi request reprint Author's specialty and conflicts of interest contribute to conflicting guidelines for screening mammography
    Susan L Norris
    Department of Medical Informatics and Clinical Epidemiology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 65:725-33. 2012
  7. pmc When is informed consent required in cluster randomized trials in health research?
    Andrew D McRae
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A5C1, Canada
    Trials 12:202. 2011
  8. pmc Who is the research subject in cluster randomized trials in health research?
    Andrew D McRae
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
    Trials 12:183. 2011
  9. pmc Caregiving process and caregiver burden: conceptual models to guide research and practice
    Parminder Raina
    McMaster University, Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    BMC Pediatr 4:1. 2004
  10. ncbi request reprint The health of primary caregivers of children with cerebral palsy: how does it compare with that of other Canadian caregivers?
    Jamie C Brehaut
    Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Ottawa Health Research Institute, Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Pediatrics 114:e182-91. 2004

Detail Information

Publications47

  1. pmc Researchers' perceptions of ethical challenges in cluster randomized trials: a qualitative analysis
    Andrew D McRae
    Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Calgary, Foothills Medical Centre, Rm C231, 1403 29 Street NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 2T9, Canada
    Trials 14:1. 2013
    ..This study describes the views and experiences of CRT researchers with respect to: (1) ethical challenges in CRTs; (2) the ethics review process for CRTs; and (3) the need for comprehensive ethics guidelines for CRTs...
  2. pmc What is the role and authority of gatekeepers in cluster randomized trials in health research?
    Antonio Gallo
    Rotman Institute of Philosophy, University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A 5B8, Canada
    Trials 13:116. 2012
    ..In these settings, permission to access the organization relies on resource implications and adherence to institutional policies...
  3. pmc Understanding the Canadian adult CT head rule trial: use of the theoretical domains framework for process evaluation
    Janet A Curran
    Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Civic Campus, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Implement Sci 8:25. 2013
    ..In this proof of concept study, we explored whether the TDF could be used to guide a retrospective process evaluation to better understand emergency physicians' responses to the interventions employed in the Canadian CT Head Rule trial...
  4. pmc Building theories of knowledge translation interventions: use the entire menu of constructs
    Jamie C Brehaut
    Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, The Ottawa Hospital, General Campus, Centre for Practice Changing Research, 501 Smyth Road, Box 201B, Ottawa, ON K1H 8L6, Canada
    Implement Sci 7:114. 2012
    ..In the ongoing effort to develop and advance the science of knowledge translation (KT), an important question has emerged around how theory should inform the development of KT interventions...
  5. ncbi request reprint Informed consent documents do not encourage good-quality decision making
    Jamie C Brehaut
    Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, The Ottawa Hospital, General Campus, 501 Smyth Road, Centre for Practice Changing Research, Box 201B, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1H 8L6
    J Clin Epidemiol 65:708-24. 2012
    ..We assessed the extent to which existing informed consent documents (ICDs) conform to the International Patient Decision Aid Standards for supporting decision making...
  6. ncbi request reprint Author's specialty and conflicts of interest contribute to conflicting guidelines for screening mammography
    Susan L Norris
    Department of Medical Informatics and Clinical Epidemiology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 65:725-33. 2012
    ..To examine the relationship between guideline panel members' conflicts of interest and guideline recommendations on screening mammography in asymptomatic, average-risk women aged 40-49 years...
  7. pmc When is informed consent required in cluster randomized trials in health research?
    Andrew D McRae
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A5C1, Canada
    Trials 12:202. 2011
    ..Fifth, while health professionals may have a moral obligation to participate as subjects in research, this does not diminish the necessity of informed consent to study participation...
  8. pmc Who is the research subject in cluster randomized trials in health research?
    Andrew D McRae
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
    Trials 12:183. 2011
    ..Individuals who are indirectly affected by CRT study interventions, including patients of healthcare providers participating in knowledge translation CRTs, are not human research subjects unless at least one of these conditions is met...
  9. pmc Caregiving process and caregiver burden: conceptual models to guide research and practice
    Parminder Raina
    McMaster University, Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    BMC Pediatr 4:1. 2004
    ..To understand parents' adaptations to their children's disabilities, the complex nature of stress processes must be accounted for and the constructs and factors that play a role in the caregiving must be considered...
  10. ncbi request reprint The health of primary caregivers of children with cerebral palsy: how does it compare with that of other Canadian caregivers?
    Jamie C Brehaut
    Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Ottawa Health Research Institute, Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Pediatrics 114:e182-91. 2004
    ..The goal of this study was to compare the physical and psychologic health of CGs of children with cerebral palsy (CP) with that of the general population of CGs...
  11. pmc Changes over time in the health of caregivers of children with health problems: growth-curve findings from a 10-year Canadian population-based study
    Jamie C Brehaut
    Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Clinical Epidemiology Program, ON, Canada
    Am J Public Health 101:2308-16. 2011
    ..We used Canadian population-based data to examine changes in the health of caregivers of children with complex health problems compared with caregivers of healthy children over a 10-year time period...
  12. doi request reprint Using decision aids may improve informed consent for research
    Jamie C Brehaut
    Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa Hospital, Civic Campus, 1053 Carling Avenue, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Contemp Clin Trials 31:218-20. 2010
    ..We identify outstanding issues and propose a research approach that will determine whether the use of decision aids can improve the informed consent process...
  13. ncbi request reprint Measuring acceptability of clinical decision rules: validation of the Ottawa acceptability of decision rules instrument (OADRI) in four countries
    Jamie C Brehaut
    Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Med Decis Making 30:398-408. 2010
    ..No existing instrument measures the acceptability of a rule. The current study validated such an instrument...
  14. pmc Presenting evidence to patients online: what do web users think of consumer summaries of cochrane musculoskeletal reviews?
    Jamie C Brehaut
    Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    J Med Internet Res 13:e5. 2011
    ....
  15. pmc Health among caregivers of children with health problems: findings from a Canadian population-based study
    Jamie C Brehaut
    Ottawa Health Research Institute, Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital, Civic Campus, ASB 2 004, Box 693, 1053 Carling Ave, Ottawa, ON, Canada, K1Y 4E9
    Am J Public Health 99:1254-62. 2009
    ..We used population-based data to evaluate whether caring for a child with health problems had implications for caregiver health after we controlled for relevant covariates...
  16. ncbi request reprint Print format and sender recognition were related to survey completion rate
    Jamie C Brehaut
    Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Health Research Institute, Ottawa Hospital, Civic Campus, ASB 2 004, Box 693, 1053 Carling Avenue, Ottawa, Ontario K1Y 4E9, Canada
    J Clin Epidemiol 59:635-41. 2006
    ..To assess whether print format (single-sided vs. double) and sender recognition (known vs. unknown) affect response and completion rates among physician survey respondents...
  17. ncbi request reprint Will a new clinical decision rule be widely used? The case of the Canadian C-spine rule
    Jamie C Brehaut
    Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Health Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Acad Emerg Med 13:413-20. 2006
    ..widespread use of a new, relatively complex CDR an attainable goal? 2) How do physician perceptions of the new CDR compare with those of a widely used rule? 3) To what extent do physician subgroups differ in likelihood to use a new rule?..
  18. ncbi request reprint Clinical decision rules "in the real world": how a widely disseminated rule is used in everyday practice
    Jamie C Brehaut
    Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Health Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Acad Emerg Med 12:948-56. 2005
    ..Widespread, appropriate use of clinical decision rules would result in many benefits for health care. While it is known that clinicians report using these rules, little is known about how the rules are actually used in everyday practice...
  19. ncbi request reprint Cognitive and social issues in emergency medicine knowledge translation: a research agenda
    Jamie C Brehaut
    Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Health Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Acad Emerg Med 14:984-90. 2007
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Childhood behavior disorders and injuries among children and youth: a population-based study
    Jamie C Brehaut
    Ottawa Health Research Institute, Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Pediatrics 111:262-9. 2003
    ..While an association between pediatric behavioral disorders and injuries is generally acknowledged, no studies have measured the risk for injury in the context of a large, population-based study that is free of cohort biases...
  21. ncbi request reprint Validation of a decision regret scale
    Jamie C Brehaut
    Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Ottawa Health Research Institute, Ottawa Hospital, Civic Campus, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Med Decis Making 23:281-92. 2003
    ..As patients become more involved in health care decisions, there may be greater opportunity for decision regret. The authors could not find a validated, reliable tool for measuring regret after health care decisions...
  22. pmc Does clinical equipoise apply to cluster randomized trials in health research?
    Ariella Binik
    Rotman Institute of Philosophy, Department of Philosophy, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, N6A 5B8, Canada
    Trials 12:118. 2011
    ..Finally, clinical equipoise provides research ethics committees with formal and procedural guidelines that form an important part of the assessment of the benefits and harms of CRTs in health research...
  23. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with the successful recognition of abnormal breathing and cardiac arrest by ambulance communications officers: a qualitative iterative survey
    Jan L Jensen
    Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Prehosp Emerg Care 16:443-50. 2012
    ..We sought to identify barriers and facilitators to ambulance communications officers' (ACOs') recognition of abnormal breathing and administration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) instructions...
  24. ncbi request reprint Barriers and facilitators to CPR training and performing CPR in an older population most likely to witness cardiac arrest: a national survey
    Christian Vaillancourt
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, ON, Canada Electronic address
    Resuscitation 84:1747-52. 2013
    ..Bystander CPR rates are lowest at home, where 85% of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests occur. We sought to identify barriers and facilitators to CPR training and performing CPR among older individuals most likely to witness cardiac arrest...
  25. doi request reprint Challenges in the research ethics review of cluster randomized trials: international survey of investigators
    Shazia H Chaudhry
    Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Clin Trials 10:257-68. 2013
    ....
  26. pmc Ethical issues posed by cluster randomized trials in health research
    Charles Weijer
    Rotman Institute of Philosophy, Department of Philosophy, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, N6A 5B8, Canada
    Trials 12:100. 2011
    ..Our hope is that these papers will serve as the basis for the creation of international ethical guidelines for the design and conduct of cluster randomized trials...
  27. pmc Variability in research ethics review of cluster randomized trials: a scenario-based survey in three countries
    Monica Taljaard
    Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Clinical Epidemiology Program, 1053 Carling Avenue, Civic Campus, C409, Ottawa, ON K1Y 4E9, Canada
    Trials 15:48. 2014
    ....
  28. pmc Conceptualizing childhood health problems using survey data: a comparison of key indicators
    Dafna E Kohen
    Health Information and Research Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    BMC Pediatr 7:40. 2007
    ..This study compares these different indicators in terms of the prevalence rates elicited, and in terms of how the subgroups identified differ...
  29. doi request reprint Survey of consent practices in cluster randomized trials: improvements are needed in ethical conduct and reporting
    Monica Taljaard
    aDepartment of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Clin Trials 11:60-9. 2014
    ....
  30. pmc A survey of attitudes and factors associated with successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) knowledge transfer in an older population most likely to witness cardiac arrest: design and methodology
    Christian Vaillancourt
    Ottawa Health Research Institute, Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa, Canada
    BMC Emerg Med 8:13. 2008
    ..However, interest in CPR training appears to decrease with advancing age. Behaviour surrounding CPR training and performance has never been studied using well validated behavioural theories...
  31. pmc Inadequate reporting of research ethics review and informed consent in cluster randomised trials: review of random sample of published trials
    Monica Taljaard
    Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa Hospital, Civic Campus, 1053 Carling Avenue, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1Y 4E9
    BMJ 342:d2496. 2011
    ....
  32. pmc Reporting guidelines for survey research: an analysis of published guidance and reporting practices
    Carol Bennett
    Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa, Canada
    PLoS Med 8:e1001069. 2010
    ..Reporting guidelines have been developed to inform reporting for a variety of study designs. The objective of this study was to identify whether there is a need to develop a reporting guideline for survey research...
  33. doi request reprint Perceived facilitators and barriers to clinical clearance of the cervical spine by emergency department nurses: A major step towards changing practice in the emergency department
    Catherine M Clement
    The Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Canada
    Int Emerg Nurs 19:44-52. 2011
    ..This survey sought to identify potential facilitators and barriers to an implementation policy that would allow nurses to clinically clear the c-spine of minor trauma patients...
  34. pmc A systematic review of the use of theory in randomized controlled trials of audit and feedback
    Heather L Colquhoun
    Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Clinical Epidemiology Program, The Ottawa Hospital, General Campus, 501 Smyth Road, Centre for Practice Changing Research, Box 201B, Ottawa, Ontario K1H 8L6, Canada
    Implement Sci 8:66. 2013
    ..Examining the extent of theory use in studies of audit and feedback will yield better understanding of the causal pathways of audit and feedback effectiveness and inform efforts to optimize this important intervention...
  35. pmc A cross-country comparison of intensive care physicians' beliefs about their transfusion behaviour: a qualitative study using the Theoretical Domains Framework
    Rafat Islam
    Centre for Practice Changing Research, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, General Campus, Ottawa, Canada
    Implement Sci 7:93. 2012
    ....
  36. doi request reprint Experiential and rational decision making: a survey to determine how emergency physicians make clinical decisions
    Lisa A Calder
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Emerg Med J 29:811-6. 2012
    ..Dual-process psychological theories argue that clinical decision making is achieved through a combination of experiential (fast and intuitive) and rational (slower and systematic) cognitive processes...
  37. pmc The Ottawa statement on the ethical design and conduct of cluster randomized trials
    Charles Weijer
    Rotman Institute of Philosophy, Department of Philosophy, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada Department of Medicine, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS Med 9:e1001346. 2012
    ..The Ottawa Ethics of Cluster Trials Consensus Group sets out 15 recommendations for the ethical design and conduct of cluster randomized trials...
  38. pmc Electronic search strategies to identify reports of cluster randomized trials in MEDLINE: low precision will improve with adherence to reporting standards
    Monica Taljaard
    Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa, Canada
    BMC Med Res Methodol 10:15. 2010
    ....
  39. pmc Acceptance of a pandemic influenza vaccine: a systematic review of surveys of the general public
    Trang Nguyen
    Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
    Infect Drug Resist 4:197-207. 2011
    ..It is therefore critical to understand the factors that influence the decision of members of the public whether to get vaccinated with new, emergently released vaccines...
  40. pmc A survey of factors associated with the successful recognition of agonal breathing and cardiac arrest by 9-1-1 call takers: design and methodology
    Christian Vaillancourt
    Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Clinical Epidemiology Program, The Ottawa Hospital Civic Campus Floor 6, Box 685, 1053 Carling Avenue, Ottawa Ontario, K1Y 4E9, Canada
    BMC Emerg Med 9:14. 2009
    ..Improving 9-1-1 call takers' ability to recognize agonal breathing as a sign of cardiac arrest could result in improved bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation and survival rates for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest victims...
  41. pmc Ethical and policy issues in cluster randomized trials: rationale and design of a mixed methods research study
    Monica Taljaard
    Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital, 1053 Carling Avenue, Civic Campus, C409, Ottawa, ON K1Y4E9, Canada
    Trials 10:61. 2009
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Does cognitive status modify the relationship between education and mortality? Evidence from the Canadian Study of Health and Aging
    Jamie C Brehaut
    Ottawa Health Research Institute, Ottawa Hospital, Ontario, Canada
    Int Psychogeriatr 16:75-91. 2004
    ..We examine the relationship between education and mortality by cognitive status, using a large, nationally representative sample of elderly people...
  43. ncbi request reprint The influence of display and statistical factors on the interpretation of metaanalysis results by physicians
    Parminder S Raina
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Med Care 43:1242-9. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the extent to which various factors affect the interpretation of metaanalytic results by physicians...
  44. ncbi request reprint Use of medical services by methylphenidate-treated children in the general population
    Anton R Miller
    Centre for Community Child Health Research, Children s and Women s Health Center of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Ambul Pediatr 4:174-80. 2004
    ..To examine selected medical services for children treated for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in a general population setting with universal health insurance...
  45. ncbi request reprint Clinical sensibility and barriers to knowledge translation
    Jamie C Brehaut
    Ann Intern Med 145:77-8. 2006