Pat Croskerry

Summary

Affiliation: Nova Scotia
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Cognitive forcing strategies in clinical decisionmaking
    Pat Croskerry
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Ann Emerg Med 41:110-20. 2003
  2. ncbi request reprint The importance of cognitive errors in diagnosis and strategies to minimize them
    Pat Croskerry
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Dalhousie University Faculty of Medicine, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Acad Med 78:775-80. 2003
  3. pmc Cognitive debiasing 2: impediments to and strategies for change
    Pat Croskerry
    Division of Medical Education, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    BMJ Qual Saf 22:ii65-ii72. 2013
  4. ncbi request reprint Consensus on paramedic clinical decisions during high-acuity emergency calls: results of a Canadian Delphi study
    Jan L Jensen
    Division of Emergency Medical Services, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
    CJEM 13:310-8. 2011
  5. ncbi request reprint Emotional influences in patient safety
    Pat Croskerry
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    J Patient Saf 6:199-205. 2010
  6. doi request reprint Deciding about fast and slow decisions
    Pat Croskerry
    Dr Croskerry is professor and director, Critical Thinking Program, Division of Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada Dr Petrie is professor of emergency medicine and professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, and Chief, Capital District Health Authority Department of Emergency Medicine, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada Dr Reilly is associate director, Internal Medicine Residency, Allegheny General Hospital, Western Pennsylvania Hospital Educational Consortium, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and Assistant Professor of Medicine, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Dr Tait is assistant professor, Departments of Surgery and Anesthesia, and staff scientist, Department of Anesthesia, Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Acad Med 89:197-200. 2014
  7. doi request reprint Clinical cognition and diagnostic error: applications of a dual process model of reasoning
    Pat Croskerry
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Dalhousie University, NS, Canada
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 14:27-35. 2009
  8. pmc Cognitive debiasing 1: origins of bias and theory of debiasing
    Pat Croskerry
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Medical Education, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    BMJ Qual Saf 22:ii58-ii64. 2013
  9. doi request reprint Commentary: Lowly interns, more is merrier, and the Casablanca Strategy
    Pat Croskerry
    Department of Emergency Medicine and Division of Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Acad Med 86:8-10. 2011
  10. ncbi request reprint A universal model of diagnostic reasoning
    Pat Croskerry
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Division of Medical Education, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Acad Med 84:1022-8. 2009

Detail Information

Publications25

  1. ncbi request reprint Cognitive forcing strategies in clinical decisionmaking
    Pat Croskerry
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Ann Emerg Med 41:110-20. 2003
    ..The adoption of this method provides a systematic approach to cognitive root-cause analysis in the avoidance of adverse outcomes associated with delayed or missed diagnoses and with the clinical management of specific cases...
  2. ncbi request reprint The importance of cognitive errors in diagnosis and strategies to minimize them
    Pat Croskerry
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Dalhousie University Faculty of Medicine, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Acad Med 78:775-80. 2003
    ..Considerable potential exists for reducing cognitive diagnostic errors with this approach. The author provides an extensive list of CDRs and a list of strategies to reduce diagnostic errors...
  3. pmc Cognitive debiasing 2: impediments to and strategies for change
    Pat Croskerry
    Division of Medical Education, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    BMJ Qual Saf 22:ii65-ii72. 2013
    ..We also emphasise the importance of introducing these concepts and corollary development of training in critical thinking in the undergraduate level in medical education. ..
  4. ncbi request reprint Consensus on paramedic clinical decisions during high-acuity emergency calls: results of a Canadian Delphi study
    Jan L Jensen
    Division of Emergency Medical Services, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
    CJEM 13:310-8. 2011
    ..A secondary objective was to measure agreement among paramedics and medical director panel members...
  5. ncbi request reprint Emotional influences in patient safety
    Pat Croskerry
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    J Patient Saf 6:199-205. 2010
    ..How providers feel, their emotional or affective state, may exert a significant, unintended influence on their patients, and may compromise safety...
  6. doi request reprint Deciding about fast and slow decisions
    Pat Croskerry
    Dr Croskerry is professor and director, Critical Thinking Program, Division of Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada Dr Petrie is professor of emergency medicine and professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, and Chief, Capital District Health Authority Department of Emergency Medicine, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada Dr Reilly is associate director, Internal Medicine Residency, Allegheny General Hospital, Western Pennsylvania Hospital Educational Consortium, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and Assistant Professor of Medicine, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Dr Tait is assistant professor, Departments of Surgery and Anesthesia, and staff scientist, Department of Anesthesia, Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Acad Med 89:197-200. 2014
    ....
  7. doi request reprint Clinical cognition and diagnostic error: applications of a dual process model of reasoning
    Pat Croskerry
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Dalhousie University, NS, Canada
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 14:27-35. 2009
    ..Importantly, specific operating characteristics of the model explain how diagnostic failure occurs...
  8. pmc Cognitive debiasing 1: origins of bias and theory of debiasing
    Pat Croskerry
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Medical Education, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    BMJ Qual Saf 22:ii58-ii64. 2013
    ..This decoupling step appears to be the critical feature of cognitive and affective debiasing. ..
  9. doi request reprint Commentary: Lowly interns, more is merrier, and the Casablanca Strategy
    Pat Croskerry
    Department of Emergency Medicine and Division of Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Acad Med 86:8-10. 2011
    ..Passive learning is enhanced in supportive environments. Throughout, those who supervise and teach should provide effective models...
  10. ncbi request reprint A universal model of diagnostic reasoning
    Pat Croskerry
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Division of Medical Education, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Acad Med 84:1022-8. 2009
    ..He also emphasizes the complexity of decision making in actual clinical situations and the urgent need for more research to help clinicians gain additional insight and understanding regarding their decision making...
  11. doi request reprint Overconfidence in clinical decision making
    Pat Croskerry
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Am J Med 121:S24-9. 2008
  12. ncbi request reprint Profiles in patient safety: A "perfect storm" in the emergency department
    Samuel G Campbell
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Acad Emerg Med 14:743-9. 2007
    ..They offer practical suggestions whereby clinicians may decrease their chances of becoming victims of these influences...
  13. ncbi request reprint Context is everything or how could I have been that stupid?
    Pat Croskerry
    Department of Emergency Medicine, and Division of Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia
    Healthc Q 12:e171-6. 2009
    ....
  14. pmc Paramedic clinical decision making during high acuity emergency calls: design and methodology of a Delphi study
    Jan L Jensen
    Division of Emergency Medical Services, Department of Emergency Medicine, Dalhousie University, 1796 Summer Street, Room 3021, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    BMC Emerg Med 9:17. 2009
    ..This study will utilize the Delphi technique to establish consensus on the most important instances of paramedic clinical decision making during high acuity emergency calls, as they relate to clinical outcome and patient safety...
  15. ncbi request reprint Profiles in patient safety: medication errors in the emergency department
    Pat Croskerry
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Dartmouth General Hospital, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Acad Emerg Med 11:289-99. 2004
    ..Except in very limited and defined situations, physicians should not administer medications. Adherence to defined roles would reduce the team communication errors that are a common theme in the cases described here...
  16. ncbi request reprint Quality and education
    Pat Croskerry
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Acad Emerg Med 9:1108-15. 2002
    ..This paper focuses on education about quality in EM, with some discussion of the quality of EM education. Despite its apparent importance, there is a relative paucity of research on this topic...
  17. ncbi request reprint Profiles in patient safety: emergency care transitions
    Christopher Beach
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Florida HSC Jacksonville, FL, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 10:364-7. 2003
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint Profiles in patient safety: authority gradients in medical error
    Karen S Cosby
    Department of Emergency Medicine, The John H Stroger, Jr, Hospital of Cook County Rush Medical College, 1900 West Polk Street, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 11:1341-5. 2004
    ..This article presents one case and a series of examples to detail how authority gradients can contribute to medical error, and describes methods used in other disciplines to avoid their potentially negative impact...
  19. ncbi request reprint Commentary: The affective imperative: coming to terms with our emotions
    Pat Croskerry
    Acad Emerg Med 14:184-6. 2007
  20. ncbi request reprint Cognitive versus technical debriefing after simulation training
    William F Bond
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Lehigh Valley Hospital and Health Network, Allentown, PA, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 13:276-83. 2006
    ..Recent literature describes "cognitive dispositions to respond" (CDRs) that may lead physicians to err in their clinical reasoning...
  21. ncbi request reprint A case study in medical error: the use of the portfolio entry
    Carey D Chisholm
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 11:388-92. 2004
    ..A candid discussion by a senior faculty member about issues that contributed to medical error has been underreported in the medical literature...
  22. ncbi request reprint Patient safety: a curriculum for teaching patient safety in emergency medicine
    Karen S Cosby
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Cook County Hospital Rush Medical School, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 10:69-78. 2003
    ..The Patient Safety Task Force of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM) was charged with that mission. The curriculum presented here offers an approach to teaching patient safety in emergency medicine...
  23. ncbi request reprint Achieving quality in clinical decision making: cognitive strategies and detection of bias
    Pat Croskerry
    Division of Emergency Medicine, Dalhousie University Medical School, Halifax, Nova Scotia Canada
    Acad Emerg Med 9:1184-204. 2002
    ..Strategies are delineated in each case, to minimize their occurrence. Detection and recognition of these cognitive phenomena are a first step in achieving cognitive de-biasing to improve clinical decision making in the ED...
  24. ncbi request reprint Profiles in patient safety: sidedness error
    Marc J Shapiro
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 9:326-9. 2002
    ..Pertinent case-specific and general concepts of a system approach to reduce this type of medical error are discussed, and educational recommendations are offered...
  25. ncbi request reprint "Profiles in patient safety": a new feature
    Pat Croskerry
    Acad Emerg Med 9:324. 2002