A J McGeer

Summary

Affiliation: Mount Sinai Hospital
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Vancomycin-resistant enterococci
    A J McGeer
    Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Semin Respir Infect 15:314-26. 2000
  2. ncbi request reprint Cluster of cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome among Toronto healthcare workers after implementation of infection control precautions: a case series
    Marianna Ofner-Agostini
    Nosocomial and Occupational Infections Section, Blood Safety and Surveillance, Health Care Acquired Infections Division, Public Health Agency of Canada, Tunney s Pasture, PL 0601E2, Ottawa, Canada K1A 0L2
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 27:473-8. 2006
  3. pmc Patient contact recall after SARS exposure
    Popy Dimoulas
    Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:625-8. 2005
  4. pmc Population-based surveillance for invasive pneumococcal disease in homeless adults in Toronto
    Agron Plevneshi
    Toronto Invasive Bacterial Diseases Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 4:e7255. 2009
  5. pmc Outbreak of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Klebsiella oxytoca infections associated with contaminated handwashing sinks(1)
    Christopher Lowe
    University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Emerg Infect Dis 18:1242-7. 2012
  6. pmc Incidence of influenza in healthy adults and healthcare workers: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Stefan P Kuster
    Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 6:e26239. 2011
  7. pmc Indeterminate tcdB using a Clostridium difficile PCR assay: a retrospective cohort study
    Jerome A Leis
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University Health Network Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada
    BMC Infect Dis 13:324. 2013
  8. pmc Epidemiology of influenza-associated hospitalization in adults, Toronto, 2007/8
    S P Kuster
    Department of Microbiology, Room 210, Mount Sinai Hospital, 600 University Ave, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1X5, Canada
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 29:835-43. 2010
  9. pmc Optimizing antibiotics in residents of nursing homes: protocol of a randomized trial
    Mark Loeb
    Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster University Hamilton, ON, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 2:17. 2002
  10. pmc Genome-wide dissection of globally emergent multi-drug resistant serotype 19A Streptococcus pneumoniae
    Dylan R Pillai
    Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, ON, Canada
    BMC Genomics 10:642. 2009

Detail Information

Publications82

  1. ncbi request reprint Vancomycin-resistant enterococci
    A J McGeer
    Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Semin Respir Infect 15:314-26. 2000
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Cluster of cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome among Toronto healthcare workers after implementation of infection control precautions: a case series
    Marianna Ofner-Agostini
    Nosocomial and Occupational Infections Section, Blood Safety and Surveillance, Health Care Acquired Infections Division, Public Health Agency of Canada, Tunney s Pasture, PL 0601E2, Ottawa, Canada K1A 0L2
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 27:473-8. 2006
    ....
  3. pmc Patient contact recall after SARS exposure
    Popy Dimoulas
    Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:625-8. 2005
    ..Healthcare workers reliably recalled events 6 months after exposure...
  4. pmc Population-based surveillance for invasive pneumococcal disease in homeless adults in Toronto
    Agron Plevneshi
    Toronto Invasive Bacterial Diseases Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 4:e7255. 2009
    ..Identification of high-risk populations for serious infection due to S. pneumoniae will permit appropriately targeted prevention programs...
  5. pmc Outbreak of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Klebsiella oxytoca infections associated with contaminated handwashing sinks(1)
    Christopher Lowe
    University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Emerg Infect Dis 18:1242-7. 2012
    ..Sinks should be considered potential reservoirs for clusters of infection caused by K. oxytoca...
  6. pmc Incidence of influenza in healthy adults and healthcare workers: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Stefan P Kuster
    Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 6:e26239. 2011
    ..We aimed to systematically review evidence describing the annual incidence of influenza among healthy adults and healthcare workers (HCWs)...
  7. pmc Indeterminate tcdB using a Clostridium difficile PCR assay: a retrospective cohort study
    Jerome A Leis
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University Health Network Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada
    BMC Infect Dis 13:324. 2013
    ..We noted typical amplification curves with high tcdB cycle thresholds (Ct) and low endpoints (Ept) that are labeled negative by the Xpert(®) C. difficile assay (Cepheid) and undertook this study to determine their significance...
  8. pmc Epidemiology of influenza-associated hospitalization in adults, Toronto, 2007/8
    S P Kuster
    Department of Microbiology, Room 210, Mount Sinai Hospital, 600 University Ave, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1X5, Canada
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 29:835-43. 2010
    ..0 degrees C or admission is during the weeks of peak influenza activity...
  9. pmc Optimizing antibiotics in residents of nursing homes: protocol of a randomized trial
    Mark Loeb
    Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster University Hamilton, ON, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 2:17. 2002
    ..This proposal describes a randomized trial of diagnostic and therapeutic algorithms to reduce the use of antibiotics in residents of long-term care facilities...
  10. pmc Genome-wide dissection of globally emergent multi-drug resistant serotype 19A Streptococcus pneumoniae
    Dylan R Pillai
    Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, ON, Canada
    BMC Genomics 10:642. 2009
    ..Canadian SPN isolates (1993-2008, n = 11,083) were serotyped and in vitro susceptibility tested. A subset of MDR 19A were multi-locus sequence typed (MLST) and representative isolates' whole genomes sequenced...
  11. pmc Characterization of the quinolone resistant determining regions in clinical isolates of pneumococci collected in Canada
    Samir N Patel
    Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1X5, Canada
    Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob 9:3. 2010
    ....
  12. doi request reprint Antiviral therapy and outcomes of influenza requiring hospitalization in Ontario, Canada
    Allison Mcgeer
    Toronto Medical Laboratories and Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, ON M5G 1X5 Canada
    Clin Infect Dis 45:1568-75. 2007
    ..We conducted a prospective cohort study to assess the impact of antiviral therapy on outcomes of patients hospitalized with influenza in southern Ontario, Canada...
  13. doi request reprint Diagnostic testing or empirical therapy for patients hospitalized with suspected influenza: what to do?
    Allison J McGeer
    Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, Medicine and Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Division of Infection Control, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    Clin Infect Dis 48:S14-9. 2009
    ..For patients hospitalized with suspected influenza, clinicians need to combine these approaches in order to optimize patient care...
  14. pmc When should a diagnosis of influenza be considered in adults requiring intensive care unit admission? Results of population-based active surveillance in Toronto
    Stefan P Kuster
    Mount Sinai Hospital, 600 University Avenue, Toronto, ON M5G 1X5, Canada
    Crit Care 15:R182. 2011
    ....
  15. pmc Prevention of influenza and pneumococcal pneumonia in Canadian long-term care facilities: how are we doing?
    C G Stevenson
    Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 164:1413-9. 2001
    ..We describe the results of serial surveys of vaccination coverage and influenza outbreak management in Canadian long-term care facilities over the last decade...
  16. ncbi request reprint Surveillance for hospital outbreaks of invasive group a streptococcal infections in Ontario, Canada, 1992 to 2000
    Nick Daneman
    University of Toronto, Mount Sinai Hospital, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Ann Intern Med 147:234-41. 2007
    ..Streptococcus pyogenes can cause severe disease in the individual patient and dramatic hospital outbreaks...
  17. ncbi request reprint Adverse events associated with high-dose ribavirin: evidence from the Toronto outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome
    Matthew P Muller
    Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Pharmacotherapy 27:494-503. 2007
    ..To distinguish adverse events related to ribavirin therapy from those attributable to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and to determine the rate of potential ribavirin-related adverse events...
  18. ncbi request reprint Severe acute respiratory syndrome. The Mount Sinai experience
    Patricia Hynes-Gay
    Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario
    Can Nurse 99:16-9. 2003
  19. ncbi request reprint Febrile respiratory illness in the intensive care unit setting: an infection control perspective
    Matthew P Muller
    Department of Internal Medicine, Infectious Diseases Division, University of Toronto, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 1X5
    Curr Opin Crit Care 12:37-42. 2006
    ....
  20. pmc SARS outbreak in the Greater Toronto Area: the emergency department experience
    Bjug Borgundvaag
    Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 171:1342-4. 2004
  21. pmc SARS among critical care nurses, Toronto
    Mark Loeb
    Department of Pathology and Molecualr Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:251-5. 2004
    ..Risk was lower with consistent use of a N95 mask than with consistent use of a surgical mask. We conclude that activities related to intubation increase SARS risk and use of a mask (particularly a N95 mask) is protective...
  22. ncbi request reprint Modeling transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among patients admitted to a hospital
    Janet Raboud
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, and University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 26:607-15. 2005
    ..To determine the impact of the screening test, nursing workload, handwashing rates, and dependence of handwashing on risk level of patient visit on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) transmission among hospitalized patients...
  23. pmc Clinical trials and novel pathogens: lessons learned from SARS
    Matthew P Muller
    Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:389-94. 2004
    ..Strategies to facilitate future clinical trials during outbreaks of unknown or novel pathogens are also presented...
  24. pmc West Nile virus infection in 2002: morbidity and mortality among patients admitted to hospital in southcentral Ontario
    Caitlin Pepperell
    Divisions of Infectious Diseases, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont, Canada
    CMAJ 168:1399-405. 2003
    ..We encountered a number of seriously ill patients at our hospitals. In this article we document the clinical characteristics of these cases...
  25. ncbi request reprint Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus
    Matthew P Muller
    Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Semin Respir Crit Care Med 28:201-12. 2007
    ..This review discusses the likelihood of another SARS pandemic and reviews the epidemiological and clinical features of the disease with an emphasis on the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management of SARS...
  26. ncbi request reprint Clinical and epidemiologic features of group a streptococcal pneumonia in Ontario, Canada
    Matthew P Muller
    Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai Hospital, 600 University Ave, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 1X5
    Arch Intern Med 163:467-72. 2003
    ..During the past 2 decades there has been a resurgence of invasive GAS infection, but no large study of GAS pneumonia has been performed...
  27. ncbi request reprint SARS--one year later
    Donald E Low
    Department of Microbiology, University Health Network Mount Sinai Hospital and the University of Toronto, Toronto
    N Engl J Med 349:2381-2. 2003
  28. ncbi request reprint Guillain-Barré syndrome after influenza vaccination in adults: a population-based study
    David N Juurlink
    Institute of Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario
    Arch Intern Med 166:2217-21. 2006
    ..Whether influenza vaccination is associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) remains uncertain...
  29. ncbi request reprint Morbidity and mortality of patients with invasive group A streptococcal infections admitted to the ICU
    Sangeeta Mehta
    Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care Medicine, Mount Sinai Hospital, 600 University Ave, Suite 18 216, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 1X5
    Chest 130:1679-86. 2006
    ..To describe the clinical features and outcome of patients with invasive group A streptococcal (GAS) infections admitted to the ICU...
  30. ncbi request reprint Health care workers and the initiation of treatment for latent tuberculosis infection
    Andrea S Gershon
    University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario
    Clin Infect Dis 39:667-72. 2004
    ..The objective of this study was to determine whether health care workers were less likely than non-health care workers to initiate treatment for latent tuberculosis infection...
  31. ncbi request reprint A survey of physician's attitudes regarding management of severe group A streptococcal infections
    L Valiquette
    Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sherbrooke, Quebec, Ontario, Canada
    Scand J Infect Dis 38:977-82. 2006
    ..They also demonstrate that, although the majority of physicians recommend immunoglobulins, there is important variability between physician recommendations with regard to the indications of use, dose, and time of administration...
  32. doi request reprint Impact of a mandatory infection control education program on nosocomial acquisition of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
    Todd C Lee
    University of Toronto, Canada
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 30:249-56. 2009
    ..To assess the impact of an institution-wide infection control education program on the rate of transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)...
  33. doi request reprint Infection control practices related to Clostridium difficile infection in acute care hospitals in Canada
    Denise Gravel
    Centre for Communicable Diseases and Infection Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Infect Control 37:9-14. 2009
    ..We carried out a survey to identify the infection prevention and control practices in place in Canadian hospitals participating in the Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program (CNISP)...
  34. doi request reprint Focus group study of hand hygiene practice among healthcare workers in a teaching hospital in Toronto, Canada
    Ji Hyun Jang
    Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 31:144-50. 2010
    ..To understand the behavioral determinants of hand hygiene in our hospital...
  35. ncbi request reprint Clinical and epidemiologic features of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in elderly hospitalized patients
    Andrew E Simor
    Department of Microbiology, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 26:838-41. 2005
    ..The epidemiology and clinical features of these patients is distinct from that of younger patients...
  36. ncbi request reprint Antivirals and the control of influenza outbreaks
    Susy Hota
    Division of Infection Control, The Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Clin Infect Dis 45:1362-8. 2007
    ..If stockpiles are adequate, antiviral drugs are likely to be even more important in mitigating the impact of influenza transmission in health care institutions during the next influenza pandemic...
  37. ncbi request reprint Patterns of handwashing behavior and visits to patients on a general medical ward of healthcare workers
    Janet Raboud
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto and the University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 25:198-202. 2004
    ..To obtain accurate data regarding the handwashing behavior and patterns of visits to patients by healthcare workers (HCWs)...
  38. doi request reprint Factors associated with acquisition of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) in roommate contacts of patients colonized or infected with VRE in a tertiary care hospital
    Qian Zhou
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 29:398-403. 2008
    ..Most nosocomial acquistion of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) is due to cross-transmission. We sought to identify risk factors for acquisition of VRE by roommates of patients colonized or infected with VRE...
  39. ncbi request reprint Use of oseltamivir during influenza outbreaks in Ontario nursing homes, 1999-2000
    Susan K Bowles
    Department of Pharmacy, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario
    J Am Geriatr Soc 50:608-16. 2002
    ..To describe the experience of Ontario long-term care facilities that used oseltamivir during influenza outbreaks in 1999/2000...
  40. doi request reprint Risk factors for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) acquisition in roommate contacts of patients colonized or infected with MRSA in an acute-care hospital
    Christine Moore
    Mt Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 29:600-6. 2008
    ..To identify risk factors for acquisition of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in patients exposed to an MRSA-colonized roommate...
  41. doi request reprint The role of drinking water in the transmission of antimicrobial-resistant E. coli
    B L Coleman
    Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Epidemiol Infect 140:633-42. 2012
    ..Protecting private water sources (e.g. by improving systems to test and treat them) may help slow the emergence of antimicrobial resistance in E. coli...
  42. pmc Decreased prevalence of virulence factors among ciprofloxacin-resistant uropathogenic Escherichia coli isolates
    S J Drews
    Toronto Medical Laboratories and Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 1X5
    J Clin Microbiol 43:4218-20. 2005
    ..0001; inpatient, 4% versus 76%, P < 0.0001) and that had a papEF genotype, genes encoding P fimbriae (outpatient, 30% versus 70%, P = 0.0004; inpatient, 26% versus 70%, P < 0.0001)...
  43. ncbi request reprint Effect of multivitamin and mineral supplementation on episodes of infection in nursing home residents: a randomized, placebo-controlled study
    Barbara A Liu
    Department of Medicine, Regional Geriatric Program of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Am Geriatr Soc 55:35-42. 2007
    ..To evaluate the effect of vitamin and mineral supplementation on infections in an elderly institutionalized population...
  44. doi request reprint Health care-associated Clostridium difficile infection in adults admitted to acute care hospitals in Canada: a Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program Study
    Denise Gravel
    Centre for Communicable Diseases and Infection Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Clin Infect Dis 48:568-76. 2009
    ..We re-examined the incidence of HA CDI with an emphasis on patient outcomes...
  45. pmc Mupirocin-resistant, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains in Canadian hospitals
    Andrew E Simor
    Department of Microbiology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, B103 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4N 3M5
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 51:3880-6. 2007
    ....
  46. doi request reprint Vancomycin-resistant enterococci in Canada: results from the Canadian nosocomial infection surveillance program, 1999-2005
    Marianna Ofner-Agostini
    Centre for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 29:271-4. 2008
    ..Although the incidence rate of VRE carriage in Canada is increasing, it remains very low...
  47. pmc In vitro antimicrobial susceptibilities of Streptococcus pneumoniae clinical isolates obtained in Canada in 2002
    Jeff Powis
    Department of Microbiology, Rm 1487, Mount Sinai Hospital, 600 University Ave, Toronto, M5G 1X5 Ontario, Canada
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 48:3305-11. 2004
    ..Nonsusceptibility to amoxicillin and ceftriaxone remains uncommon. Newer antimicrobials such as telithromycin and respiratory fluoroquinolones have excellent in vitro activity...
  48. pmc Risk factors for SARS transmission from patients requiring intubation: a multicentre investigation in Toronto, Canada
    Janet Raboud
    Division of Infectious Diseases, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 5:e10717. 2010
    ..Considerable controversy resulted regarding which procedures and behaviours were associated with the greatest risk of SARS-CoV transmission...
  49. ncbi request reprint Laboratory characterization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Canadian hospitals: results of 5 years of National Surveillance, 1995-1999
    Andrew E Simor
    Department of Microbiology, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Canada
    J Infect Dis 186:652-60. 2002
    ..This study confirms that the epidemiology of MRSA in Canada is evolving, but most isolates at this time appear to belong to one of a small number of epidemic clones...
  50. doi request reprint Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization or infection in Canada: National Surveillance and Changing Epidemiology, 1995-2007
    Andrew E Simor
    Department of Microbiology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 31:348-56. 2010
    ..To determine the incidence and describe the changing epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization or infection in Canadian hospitals from 1995-2007...
  51. pmc Antimicrobial susceptibilities of health care-associated and community-associated strains of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from hospitalized patients in Canada, 1995 to 2008
    Andrew E Simor
    Department of Microbiology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 54:2265-8. 2010
    ..Reduced susceptibility to glycopeptides was not identified...
  52. pmc Detection and characterization of heterogeneous vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus isolates in Canada: results from the Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program, 1995-2006
    Heather J Adam
    Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, and Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 54:945-9. 2010
    ..0; 95% CI, 1.2 to 7.4). There has been no evidence of vancomycin "MIC creep" in Canadian strains of methicillin (meticillin)-resistant S. aureus, and hVISA strains are currently uncommon...
  53. ncbi request reprint Facility-level correlates of antimicrobial use in nursing homes
    Mark Loeb
    Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 25:173-6. 2004
    ....
  54. ncbi request reprint Addressing the emergence of pediatric vaccination concerns: recommendations from a Canadian policy analysis
    Kumanan Wilson
    Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 97:139-41. 2006
    ..However, such an investment is easy to justify given the benefits offered by pediatric vaccination and the ramifications of failing to maintain confidence in vaccination programs or missing a vaccine-related adverse event...
  55. ncbi request reprint Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Canadian aboriginal people
    Marianna Ofner-Agostini
    Centre for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 27:204-7. 2006
    ....
  56. pmc Prevalence and characterization of invasive isolates of Streptococcus pyogenes with reduced susceptibility to fluoroquinolones
    Jeff Powis
    Department of Microbiology, Toronto Medical Laboratories, Mount Sinai Hospital, 600 University Ave, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 1X5
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 49:2130-2. 2005
    ..None were nonsusceptible to levofloxacin. Two of 153 (1.3%) from 1992-1993 and 7 of 160 (4.4%) from 2003 had a levofloxacin MIC of 2 mug/ml; all nine had parC mutations, and eight were serotype M6...
  57. pmc Activities of new fluoroquinolones, ketolides, and other antimicrobials against blood culture isolates of viridans group streptococci from across Canada, 2000
    Andrea S Gershon
    University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 46:1553-6. 2002
    ..06, 0.06, 0.12, and 0.03 microg/ml, respectively...
  58. doi request reprint Is a mass immunization program for pandemic (H1N1) 2009 good value for money? Evidence from the Canadian Experience
    Beate Sander
    Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Vaccine 28:6210-20. 2010
    ....
  59. ncbi request reprint Severe group a streptococcal soft-tissue infections in Ontario: 1992-1996
    Abdu Sharkawy
    Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 1X5
    Clin Infect Dis 34:454-60. 2002
    ..Previously healthy patients without hypotension or NF may be considered for outpatient treatment...
  60. doi request reprint The individual, environmental, and organizational factors that influence nurses' use of facial protection to prevent occupational transmission of communicable respiratory illness in acute care hospitals
    Kathryn Nichol
    Centre for Research Expertise in Occupational Disease, University of Toronto and St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    Am J Infect Control 36:481-7. 2008
    ..The objectives of this study were to describe the factors that influence nurses' decisions to use facial protection and to determine their relative importance in predicting compliance...
  61. ncbi request reprint A cross-sectional study of maternity care providers' and women's knowledge, attitudes, and behaviours towards influenza vaccination during pregnancy
    Agnes Tong
    Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Obstet Gynaecol Can 30:404-10. 2008
    ..Pregnant women are at increased risk of influenza-related complications, but research to examine barriers to maternal influenza vaccination has been limited and no studies have assessed the barriers to vaccinating pregnant women in Canada...
  62. ncbi request reprint Can routine laboratory tests discriminate between severe acute respiratory syndrome and other causes of community-acquired pneumonia?
    Matthew P Muller
    Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Clin Infect Dis 40:1079-86. 2005
    ..Hematological and biochemical abnormalities, particularly lymphopenia, are common in patients with SARS...
  63. ncbi request reprint Beliefs and practices of Ontario midwives about influenza immunization
    Todd Lee
    Faculty of Medicine, 600 University Avenue, Room 1460, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 1X5
    Vaccine 23:1574-8. 2005
    ..001). If greater attention is not focused on promoting the utility of immunization to midwives, the success of population immunization programs may be compromised...
  64. pmc Nursing home residents and Enterobacteriaceae resistant to third-generation cephalosporins
    Carolyn Sandoval
    McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:1050-5. 2004
    ..2 to 13.6) and log percentage of residents using gastrostomy tubes within the nursing home (adjusted OR 3.9, 95% CI 1.3 to 12.0) were associated with having a clinical isolate resistant to third-generation cephalosporins...
  65. doi request reprint Neonatal group B streptococcal disease: incidence, presentation, and mortality
    Sudqi Hamada
    Department of Pediatrics, Mount Sinai Hospital, 600 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 21:53-7. 2008
    ..To ascertain the incidence, and compare the clinical characteristics, laboratory parameters, and immediate mortality of neonates with early-onset (symptomatic and asymptomatic) and late-onset group B streptococcal (GBS) disease...
  66. ncbi request reprint Use of, effectiveness of, and attitudes regarding influenza vaccine among house staff
    Richard T Lester
    Department of Medicine and Health Policy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 24:839-44. 2003
    ..To determine influenza vaccination rates, vaccine effectiveness, and factors influencing vaccination decisions among house staff...
  67. doi request reprint Impact of public vaccination programs on adult vaccination rates: two examples from Ontario, Canada
    Wigdan Al-Sukhni
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Vaccine 26:1432-7. 2008
    ..Adult vaccination programs may be less successful than pediatric programs in achieving vaccine uptake, and require on-going assessment and promotion...
  68. ncbi request reprint Nutrition risk factors for survival in the elderly living in Canadian long-term care facilities
    Johane P Allard
    Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Department of Medicine, Toronto General Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Am Geriatr Soc 52:59-65. 2004
    ..To determine the role of nutritional parameters in influencing the risk of mortality in institutionalized elderly...
  69. ncbi request reprint Detection of airborne severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus and environmental contamination in SARS outbreak units
    Timothy F Booth
    National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Canadian Science Centre for Human and Animal Health, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    J Infect Dis 191:1472-7. 2005
    ....
  70. pmc Complete nucleotide sequence of a 92-kilobase plasmid harboring the CTX-M-15 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase involved in an outbreak in long-term-care facilities in Toronto, Canada
    David A Boyd
    Nosocomial Infections, National Microbiology Laboratory, 1015 Arlington St, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 48:3758-64. 2004
    ..coli strain isolated in India in 1999, revealed that the plasmids had several features in common, including an R100 backbone and several of the resistance genes, including bla(CTX-M-15), bla(TEM-1), bla(OXA-1), tetA, and aac(6')-Ib...
  71. pmc Genome-wide molecular dissection of serotype M3 group A Streptococcus strains causing two epidemics of invasive infections
    Stephen B Beres
    Laboratory of Human Bacterial Pathogenesis, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, MT 59840, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:11833-8. 2004
    ..Genome-wide analysis of population-based strain samples cultured from clinically well defined patients is crucial for understanding the molecular events underlying bacterial epidemics...
  72. pmc Clostridium difficile infection in hospitals: a brewing storm
    Louis Valiquette
    CMAJ 171:27-9. 2004
  73. pmc SARS in healthcare facilities, Toronto and Taiwan
    L Clifford McDonald
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:777-81. 2004
    ..Although these conclusions are based only on a retrospective analysis of events, applying the experiences of Toronto and Taiwan to SARS preparedness planning efforts will likely minimize future transmission within healthcare facilities...
  74. pmc Hospital preparedness and SARS
    Mona R Loutfy
    McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:771-6. 2004
    ..We also make recommendations for other institutions to prepare for future outbreaks, regardless of their origin...
  75. ncbi request reprint Alternative methods of estimating an incubation distribution: examples from severe acute respiratory syndrome
    Benjamin J Cowling
    Department of Community Medicine, School of Public Health, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    Epidemiology 18:253-9. 2007
    ..Accurate and precise estimates of the incubation distribution of novel, emerging infectious diseases are vital to inform public health policy and to parameterize mathematical models...
  76. pmc Investigation of a nosocomial outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in Toronto, Canada
    Monali Varia
    Canadian Field Epidemiology Program, Health Canada, Ottawa, ON
    CMAJ 169:285-92. 2003
    ..In this report we summarize the preliminary results of the epidemiological investigation into the transmission of SARS between 128 cases associated with this hospital outbreak...
  77. ncbi request reprint News in antimicrobial resistance: documenting the progress of pathogens
    Allison Mcgeer
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 25:97-8. 2004
  78. pmc Interpretation of diagnostic laboratory tests for severe acute respiratory syndrome: the Toronto experience
    Patrick Tang
    University of Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 170:47-54. 2004
    ..We describe how these tests were used during the first phase of the SARS outbreak in Toronto and offer some recommendations that may be useful if SARS returns...
  79. pmc Coordinated response to SARS, Vancouver, Canada
    Danuta M Skowronski
    British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:155-8. 2006
    ..Baseline preparedness for pandemic threats may account for the absence of sustained transmission and fewer cases of SARS in Vancouver...
  80. pmc Invasive group A streptococcal disease: risk factors for adults
    Stephanie H Factor
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:970-7. 2003
    ..68, p=0.004), diabetes (RR=2.27, p=0.03), cardiac disease (RR=3.24, p=0.006), cancer (RR=3.54, p=0.006), and corticosteroid use (RR=5.18, p=0.03). Thus, host and environmental factors increased the risk for invasive GAS disease...
  81. pmc Human surveillance for West Nile virus infection in Ontario in 2000
    E Lee Ford-Jones
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 166:29-35. 2002
    ..Surveillance components included evaluation of dead birds, sentinel chickens, mosquito pools and human disease. We report the results of human surveillance in 2000...
  82. ncbi request reprint Let him who desires peace prepare for war: United States hospitals and severe acute respiratory syndrome preparedness
    Allison Mcgeer
    Clin Infect Dis 39:275-7. 2004