David G Behm

Summary

Affiliation: Memorial University of Newfoundland
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Effect of acute static stretching on force, balance, reaction time, and movement time
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Canada
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1397-402. 2004
  2. doi request reprint A review of the acute effects of static and dynamic stretching on performance
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, NF, A1C 5S7, Canada
    Eur J Appl Physiol 111:2633-51. 2011
  3. doi request reprint Effect of head and limb orientation on trunk muscle activation during abdominal hollowing in chronic low back pain
    Kevin Parfrey
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St, John s, Newfoundland, Canada
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 15:52. 2014
  4. doi request reprint Massage and stretching reduce spinal reflex excitability without affecting twitch contractile properties
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland, Canada A1C 5S7
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 23:1215-21. 2013
  5. doi request reprint Correlation of throwing velocity to the results of lower-body field tests in male college baseball players
    Graeme Lehman
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 27:902-8. 2013
  6. doi request reprint Relative static stretch-induced impairments and dynamic stretch-induced enhancements are similar in young and middle-aged men
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s NL A1C 5S7, Canada
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 36:790-7. 2011
  7. ncbi request reprint Effects of differing intensities of static stretching on jump performance
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, NF, Canada, A1C 5S7
    Eur J Appl Physiol 101:587-94. 2007
  8. doi request reprint Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology position stand: The use of instability to train the core in athletic and nonathletic conditioning
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, NL A1C 5S7, Canada
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 35:109-12. 2010
  9. doi request reprint The use of instability to train the core musculature
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, NL A1C 5S7, Canada
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 35:91-108. 2010
  10. doi request reprint Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology position paper: resistance training in children and adolescents
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, NL A1C5S7, Canada
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 33:547-61. 2008

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications42

  1. ncbi request reprint Effect of acute static stretching on force, balance, reaction time, and movement time
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Canada
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1397-402. 2004
    ..The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of an acute bout of lower limb static stretching on balance, proprioception, reaction, and movement time...
  2. doi request reprint A review of the acute effects of static and dynamic stretching on performance
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, NF, A1C 5S7, Canada
    Eur J Appl Physiol 111:2633-51. 2011
    ..Sports that necessitate a high degree of static flexibility should use short duration static stretches with lower intensity stretches in a trained population to minimize the possibilities of impairments...
  3. doi request reprint Effect of head and limb orientation on trunk muscle activation during abdominal hollowing in chronic low back pain
    Kevin Parfrey
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St, John s, Newfoundland, Canada
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 15:52. 2014
    ..The objective of the study was to determine if orienting the head and extremities to positions, which mimic PR patterns would alter anterior trunk musculature activation during the hollowing manoeuvre...
  4. doi request reprint Massage and stretching reduce spinal reflex excitability without affecting twitch contractile properties
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland, Canada A1C 5S7
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 23:1215-21. 2013
    ..In conclusion, MTJ and TAP massage as well as stretching decreased spinal reflex excitability, with TAP providing the strongest suppression. While static stretching prolongs EMD, massage did not affect contractile properties. ..
  5. doi request reprint Correlation of throwing velocity to the results of lower-body field tests in male college baseball players
    Graeme Lehman
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 27:902-8. 2013
    ..This is the first study to correlate throwing velocity with a unilateral jump in the frontal plane, mimicking the action of the throwing stride...
  6. doi request reprint Relative static stretch-induced impairments and dynamic stretch-induced enhancements are similar in young and middle-aged men
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s NL A1C 5S7, Canada
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 36:790-7. 2011
    ..DS provided similar improvements in sit and reach scores as SS. DS is recommended as the most appropriate stretching routine prior to work or athletic performance for younger and middle-aged men...
  7. ncbi request reprint Effects of differing intensities of static stretching on jump performance
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, NF, Canada, A1C 5S7
    Eur J Appl Physiol 101:587-94. 2007
    ..An acute bout of maximal or submaximal intensity stretching can impair a variety of jumping styles and based on previous research, it is hypothesized that changes in muscle compliance may play a role...
  8. doi request reprint Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology position stand: The use of instability to train the core in athletic and nonathletic conditioning
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, NL A1C 5S7, Canada
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 35:109-12. 2010
    ....
  9. doi request reprint The use of instability to train the core musculature
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, NL A1C 5S7, Canada
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 35:91-108. 2010
    ..Based on the relatively high proportion of type I fibers, the core musculature might respond well to multiple sets with high repetitions (e.g., >15 per set); however, a particular sport may necessitate fewer repetitions...
  10. doi request reprint Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology position paper: resistance training in children and adolescents
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, NL A1C5S7, Canada
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 33:547-61. 2008
    ..e., muscular strength, endurance, power, balance, and co-ordination) and health benefits...
  11. doi request reprint Trunk muscle activation during moderate- and high-intensity running
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, NL A1C 5S7, Canada
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 34:1008-16. 2009
    ..Running can be considered as an efficient, multifunctional exercise combining cardiovascular and trunk endurance benefits...
  12. ncbi request reprint The role of instability with resistance training
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 20:716-22. 2006
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint Relationship between hockey skating speed and selected performance measures
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 19:326-31. 2005
    ..e., low amplitude plyometrics) may not be an important factor. Electromyographic activities illustrated the very high activation levels associated with maximum skating speed...
  14. ncbi request reprint Intermuscle differences in activation
    D G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland, A1C 5S7, Canada
    Muscle Nerve 25:236-43. 2002
    ..0%), PF (5.0%), and DF (1.3%). Although the higher RFD may suggest a higher percentage of type II fibers in the quadriceps, their higher threshold of recruitment leads to greater difficulty in fully activating the quadriceps...
  15. ncbi request reprint Conflicting effects of fatigue and potentiation on voluntary force
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 18:365-72. 2004
    ..Results suggest that voluntary and evoked contractions respond differently to prior 10-second MVCs. In the present study, a warm-up routine of 1-3 MVCs of a 10-second duration did not enhance subsequent voluntary performance...
  16. ncbi request reprint Muscle activation is enhanced with multi- and uni-articular bilateral versus unilateral contractions
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland
    Can J Appl Physiol 28:38-52. 2003
    ..Greater levels of activation may be necessary to cope with the stabilization necessary for bilateral and multi-articular contractions...
  17. ncbi request reprint Maintenance of EMG activity and loss of force output with instability
    Kenneth G Anderson
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 18:637-40. 2004
    ..The diminished force output suggests that the overload stresses required for strength training necessitate the inclusion of resistance training on stable surfaces...
  18. ncbi request reprint Trunk muscle activity increases with unstable squat movements
    Kenneth Anderson
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland, A1C 5S7
    Can J Appl Physiol 30:33-45. 2005
    ..Performing squats on unstable surfaces may permit a training adaptation of the trunk muscles responsible for supporting the spinal column (i.e., erector spinae) as well as the muscles most responsible for maintaining posture (i.e., SOL)...
  19. doi request reprint Neuromuscular fatigue recovery following rapid and slow stretch-shortening cycle movements
    Katie P Wadden
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University, St John s, NL A1C 5S7, Canada
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 37:437-47. 2012
    ..Because rapid and slow SSC exercises induce similar fatigue patterns, training programs incorporating rapid SSC exercises can be developed similar to that prescribed in traditional slow SSC resistance training programs...
  20. doi request reprint A comparison of assisted and unassisted proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation techniques and static stretching
    Meaghan E Maddigan
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 26:1238-44. 2012
    ....
  21. doi request reprint The effects of different sit- and curl-up positions on activation of abdominal and hip flexor musculature
    Kevin C Parfrey
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, NL A1C 5S7, Canada
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 33:888-95. 2008
    ..0001). The technique used for the CSEP Health and Fitness program partial curl- or sit-up test produced the highest or equal activation levels for all abdominal muscle sites...
  22. doi request reprint Influence of pelvis position on the activation of abdominal and hip flexor muscles
    J Chad Workman
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 22:1563-9. 2008
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint A comparison of ballistic-movement and ballistic-intent training on muscle strength and activation
    Nicole A Dinn
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St Johns Newfoundland, Canada
    Int J Sports Physiol Perform 2:386-99. 2007
    ..The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether ballistic intent is as effective as ballistic movement in improving muscle activation, force, movement time, and reaction time...
  24. doi request reprint Short-duration massage at the hamstrings musculotendinous junction induces greater range of motion
    Stacey Y Huang
    The School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 24:1917-24. 2010
    ..Musculotendinous massage may be used as an alternative or a complement to static stretching for increasing ROM...
  25. doi request reprint A rapid rotation to an inverted seated posture inhibits muscle force, activation, heart rate and blood pressure
    Pramod Johar
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, NL, A1C 5S7, Canada
    Eur J Appl Physiol 113:2005-13. 2013
    ..In conclusion, this is the first study to show that irrespective of rotation speed, inversion inhibited neuromuscular and cardiovascular responses, similar to the more deliberate, slower rotation of previous inversion studies...
  26. ncbi request reprint Trunk muscle electromyographic activity with unstable and unilateral exercises
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 19:193-201. 2005
    ..Furthermore, trunk strengthening can also occur when performing resistance exercises for the limbs, if the exercises are performed unilaterally...
  27. ncbi request reprint Trunk muscle activation during dynamic weight-training exercises and isometric instability activities
    Nicolle Hamlyn
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 21:1108-12. 2007
    ..Individuals performing upright, resisted, dynamic exercises can achieve high trunk muscle activation and thus may not need to add instability device exercises to augment core stability training...
  28. doi request reprint An acute bout of self-myofascial release increases range of motion without a subsequent decrease in muscle activation or force
    Graham Z Macdonald
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 27:812-21. 2013
    ..In conclusion, an acute bout of SMR of the quadriceps was an effective treatment to acutely enhance knee joint ROM without a concomitant deficit in muscle performance...
  29. doi request reprint Training adaptations associated with an 8-week instability resistance training program with recreationally active individuals
    Ryan Sparkes
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 24:1931-41. 2010
    ..It appears that instability resistance training, which reportedly uses lower forces, can increase strength and balance in previously untrained young individuals similar to training with more stable machines employing heavier loads...
  30. ncbi request reprint The impact of instability resistance training on balance and stability
    Kenneth Anderson
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland, Canada
    Sports Med 35:43-53. 2005
    ..Therefore, a comprehensive review of the literature in this area may possibly be of benefit to practitioners who deal with the general population, athletes or persons debilitated by balance and/or stability disabilities...
  31. ncbi request reprint Muscle force and activation under stable and unstable conditions
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Canada A1C 5S7
    J Strength Cond Res 16:416-22. 2002
    ..Swiss balls may permit a strength training adaptation of the limbs, if instability is moderate, allowing the production of overload forces...
  32. doi request reprint Aerobic activity before and following short-duration static stretching improves range of motion and performance vs. a traditional warm-up
    Justin R Murphy
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, NL A1C 5S7, Canada
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 35:679-90. 2010
    ..This may be especially important for athletes who substitute later into a game with minimal time for a full warm-up...
  33. doi request reprint Not all instability training devices enhance muscle activation in highly resistance-trained individuals
    Michael J Wahl
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 22:1360-70. 2008
    ..Since highly trained individuals may already possess enhanced stability from the use of dynamic free weights, a greater degree of instability may be necessary...
  34. doi request reprint Training specificity of hurdle vs. countermovement jump training
    Dario F Cappa
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s Newfoundland, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 25:2715-20. 2011
    ..As bilateral hurdle jumps with a height between 100 and 140% of the CMJ provide similar CTs and VGRF as many reported sprint or jump actions, they may be considered a more training-specific power training drill than the CMJ...
  35. doi request reprint Prepubescent males are less susceptible to neuromuscular fatigue following resistance exercise
    Justin R Murphy
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s Newfoundland, A1C 5S7, Canada
    Eur J Appl Physiol 114:825-35. 2014
    ..To determine if prepubescent and adult males have similar fatigue profiles following high and lower intensity knee extensions...
  36. ncbi request reprint The effect of 5, 10, and 20 repetition maximums on the recovery of voluntary and evoked contractile properties
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland, Canada A1C 5S7
    J Strength Cond Res 16:209-18. 2002
    ..In conclusion, whereas 5RM did not produce greater muscle inactivation, twitch contractile properties were affected to a greater degree by a higher number of RM...
  37. doi request reprint Reliability of electromyographic and force measures during prone isometric back extension in subjects with and without low back pain
    Mark J Pitcher
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, NL A1C 5S7, Canada
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 33:52-60. 2008
    ..Force output and back EMG activity are less reliable with LBP individuals and should be taken into consideration when testing...
  38. doi request reprint The combination of plyometric and balance training improves sprint and shuttle run performances more often than plyometric-only training with children
    Anis Chaouachi
    1Tunisian Research Laboratory Sport Performance Optimization, National Center of Medicine and Science, in Sports, Tunis, Tunisia 2School of Human Movement Studies, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, Australia and 3School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Canada
    J Strength Cond Res 28:401-12. 2014
    ..This reduction in stretch-shortening cycle stress on neuromuscular system with the replacement of balance and landing exercises might help to alleviate the overtraining effects of excessive repetitive high load activities...
  39. doi request reprint Exertional rhabdomyolysis in an acutely detrained athlete/exercise physiology professor
    Gregory E P Pearcey
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland, Canada
    Clin J Sport Med 23:496-8. 2013
    ....
  40. ncbi request reprint Force maintenance with submaximal fatiguing contractions
    David G Behm
    School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St Johns, Newfoundland
    Can J Appl Physiol 29:274-90. 2004
    ..While there may be some evidence of intrinsic motoneuronal fatigue, inhibitory afferent influences from chemical, tensile, pressure, and other factors play an important role in the competing influences on force output...
  41. pmc Roller-massager application to the hamstrings increases sit-and-reach range of motion within five to ten seconds without performance impairments
    Kathleen M Sullivan
    Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland, Canada
    Int J Sports Phys Ther 8:228-36. 2013
    ..OBJECTIVES/PURPOSE: A roller massager was used in this study to examine the acute effects on lower extremity ROM and subsequent muscle length performance...
  42. ncbi request reprint Effects of 22 degrees C muscle temperature on voluntary and evoked muscle properties during and after high-intensity exercise
    Eric J Drinkwater
    School of Human Movement Studies, Panorama Ave, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, NSW 2795, Australia
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 32:1043-51. 2007
    ..Furthermore, evoked contractile properties were generally higher 1 min after hypothermic fatigue. We conclude that the hypothermic condition slows the recovery of potentiated evoked contractile properties back to baseline values...