L J Trainor

Summary

Affiliation: McMaster University
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint One year of musical training affects development of auditory cortical-evoked fields in young children
    Takako Fujioka
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Brain 129:2593-608. 2006
  2. pmc Auditory processing in high-functioning adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder
    Anne Marie R Depape
    McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 7:e44084. 2012
  3. pmc Sequencing the Cortical Processing of Pitch-Evoking Stimuli using EEG Analysis and Source Estimation
    Blake E Butler
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Front Psychol 3:180. 2012
  4. pmc Use of prosody and information structure in high functioning adults with autism in relation to language ability
    Anne Marie R Depape
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Front Psychol 3:72. 2012
  5. ncbi request reprint Explaining the high voice superiority effect in polyphonic music: evidence from cortical evoked potentials and peripheral auditory models
    Laurel J Trainor
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada McMaster Institute for Music and the Mind, Hamilton, ON, Canada Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada Electronic address
    Hear Res 308:60-70. 2014
  6. doi request reprint Musical experience, plasticity, and maturation: issues in measuring developmental change using EEG and MEG
    Laurel J Trainor
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behavior, McMaster Institute for Music and the Mind, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1252:25-36. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Becoming musically enculturated: effects of music classes for infants on brain and behavior
    Laurel J Trainor
    McMaster Institute for Music and the Mind, Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1252:129-38. 2012
  8. doi request reprint Predictive information processing is a fundamental learning mechanism present in early development: evidence from infants
    Laurel J Trainor
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Psychophysiol 83:256-8. 2012
  9. ncbi request reprint Are there critical periods for musical development?
    Laurel J Trainor
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 451, Canada
    Dev Psychobiol 46:262-78. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint Pitch characteristics of infant-directed speech affect infants' ability to discriminate vowels
    Laurel J Trainor
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Psychon Bull Rev 9:335-40. 2002

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications54

  1. ncbi request reprint One year of musical training affects development of auditory cortical-evoked fields in young children
    Takako Fujioka
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Brain 129:2593-608. 2006
    ..This transition could be related to establishing a neural network associated with sound categorization and/or involuntary attention, which can be altered by music learning experience...
  2. pmc Auditory processing in high-functioning adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder
    Anne Marie R Depape
    McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 7:e44084. 2012
    ..These results suggest that early auditory remediation is needed for good communication and social functioning...
  3. pmc Sequencing the Cortical Processing of Pitch-Evoking Stimuli using EEG Analysis and Source Estimation
    Blake E Butler
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Front Psychol 3:180. 2012
    ....
  4. pmc Use of prosody and information structure in high functioning adults with autism in relation to language ability
    Anne Marie R Depape
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Front Psychol 3:72. 2012
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Explaining the high voice superiority effect in polyphonic music: evidence from cortical evoked potentials and peripheral auditory models
    Laurel J Trainor
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada McMaster Institute for Music and the Mind, Hamilton, ON, Canada Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada Electronic address
    Hear Res 308:60-70. 2014
    ..Collectively, we infer an innate, peripheral origin for the higher-voice superiority observed in human ERP and psychophysical music listening studies...
  6. doi request reprint Musical experience, plasticity, and maturation: issues in measuring developmental change using EEG and MEG
    Laurel J Trainor
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behavior, McMaster Institute for Music and the Mind, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1252:25-36. 2012
    ..We use specific examples from our laboratory to illustrate the types of questions that can be answered with different data analysis techniques...
  7. doi request reprint Becoming musically enculturated: effects of music classes for infants on brain and behavior
    Laurel J Trainor
    McMaster Institute for Music and the Mind, Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1252:129-38. 2012
    ..We conclude that musical enculturation begins in infancy and that active participatory music making in a positive social setting accelerates enculturation...
  8. doi request reprint Predictive information processing is a fundamental learning mechanism present in early development: evidence from infants
    Laurel J Trainor
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Psychophysiol 83:256-8. 2012
    ..Furthermore, mismatch responses change quickly with specific experience, suggesting that predictive coding reflects a powerful, early-developing learning mechanism...
  9. ncbi request reprint Are there critical periods for musical development?
    Laurel J Trainor
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 451, Canada
    Dev Psychobiol 46:262-78. 2005
    ..Much remains unknown about the mechanisms of interaction between genetic and experiential factors that create critical periods, but it is clear that there are multiple pathways for achieving musical expertise...
  10. ncbi request reprint Pitch characteristics of infant-directed speech affect infants' ability to discriminate vowels
    Laurel J Trainor
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Psychon Bull Rev 9:335-40. 2002
    ....
  11. doi request reprint The primal role of the vestibular system in determining musical rhythm
    Laurel J Trainor
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour and the McMaster Institute for Music and the Mind, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Cortex 45:35-43. 2009
    ..These results imply that the vestibular system plays a primal role in the perception of musical rhythm...
  12. doi request reprint Understanding the benefits of musical training: effects on oscillatory brain activity
    Laurel J Trainor
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1169:133-42. 2009
    ..We conclude that musical training affects oscillatory networks in the brain associated with executive functions, and that superior executive functioning could enhance learning and performance in many cognitive domains...
  13. doi request reprint Cortical plasticity in 4-month-old infants: specific effects of experience with musical timbres
    Laurel J Trainor
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Brain Topogr 24:192-203. 2011
    ..Together these results indicate that a relatively small amount of passive exposure to a particular timbre in infancy enhances representations of that timbre and leads to more precise pitch processing for that timbre...
  14. ncbi request reprint Long-term memory for music: infants remember tempo and timbre
    Laurel J Trainor
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada
    Dev Sci 7:289-96. 2004
    ..The results are consistent with an exemplar-based model of memory in infancy rather than one in which structural features are extracted and performance features forgotten...
  15. ncbi request reprint Effect of frequency ratio on infants' and adults' discrimination of simultaneous intervals
    L J Trainor
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 23:1427-38. 1997
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint Automatic and controlled processing of melodic contour and interval information measured by electrical brain activity
    Laurel J Trainor
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4K1
    J Cogn Neurosci 14:430-42. 2002
    ..The results indicate that even in the absence of musical training, the brain is set up to automatically encode music-specific melodic information, even when absolute pitch information is not available...
  17. ncbi request reprint Effects of harmonics on relative pitch discrimination in a musical context
    L J Trainor
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Percept Psychophys 58:704-12. 1996
    ..When the harmonics did not fuse into a single percept (tones consisting of the fundamental and one of 5, 6, 7, or 8), there was no effect of ratio simplicity...
  18. ncbi request reprint Effects of musical training on the auditory cortex in children
    Laurel J Trainor
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4K1
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 999:506-13. 2003
    ..These results are discussed with respect to potential benefits of early musical training as well as potential benefits of musical experience in aging...
  19. ncbi request reprint Changes in auditory cortex and the development of mismatch negativity between 2 and 6 months of age
    Laurel Trainor
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada ON L8S 4B2
    Int J Psychophysiol 51:5-15. 2003
    ..The results are considered with respect to layer-specific cortical maturation during this period...
  20. ncbi request reprint Is infant-directed speech prosody a result of the vocal expression of emotion?
    L J Trainor
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada L8S 4K1
    Psychol Sci 11:188-95. 2000
    ..We conclude that ID prosody itself is not special. What is special is the widespread expression of emotion to infants in comparison with the more inhibited expression of emotion in typical adult interactions...
  21. ncbi request reprint Infants' and adults' use of duration and intensity cues in the segmentation of tone patterns
    L J Trainor
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Percept Psychophys 62:333-40. 2000
    ..Experiment 2 showed that an increase in intensity did not result in any systematic grouping at either age...
  22. ncbi request reprint Enhancement of neuroplastic P2 and N1c auditory evoked potentials in musicians
    Antoine Shahin
    Unit of Medical Physics and Applied Radiation Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4K1
    J Neurosci 23:5545-52. 2003
    ..Enhanced P2 and N1c responses in musicians need not be considered genetic or prenatal markers for musical skill...
  23. doi request reprint Finding the pitch of the missing fundamental in infants
    Chao He
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada
    J Neurosci 29:7718-8822. 2009
    ..Thus, cortical representations of the pitch of the missing fundamental emerge between 3 and 4 months of age, indicating that there is a profound change in auditory perception for pitch in early infancy...
  24. doi request reprint Maturation of cortical mismatch responses to occasional pitch change in early infancy: effects of presentation rate and magnitude of change
    Chao He
    McMaster University, Canada
    Neuropsychologia 47:218-29. 2009
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint Effects of spatial separation and stimulus probability on the event-related potentials elicited by occasional changes in sound location
    Ranil R Sonnadara
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4K1
    Brain Res 1071:175-85. 2006
    ..The early latency of MMN for changes in sound location is interpreted in the context of an early-warning system to alert the organism to new sound sources in the environment...
  26. ncbi request reprint Modulation of P2 auditory-evoked responses by the spectral complexity of musical sounds
    Antoine Shahin
    Department of Medical Physics and Applied Radiation Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Neuroreport 16:1781-5. 2005
    ..The results suggest that P2 reflects the specific features of acoustic stimuli experienced during musical practice and point to functional differences in P2 and N1 that relate to their underlying mechanisms...
  27. ncbi request reprint Measuring temporal resolution in infants using mismatch negativity
    L J Trainor
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada L8S 4K1
    Neuroreport 12:2443-8. 2001
    ..We are now in a position to study the development of cross-channel temporal resolution and adaptation effects in infancy, and to examine how these abilities in infancy relate to later language acquisition...
  28. ncbi request reprint Enhancement of auditory cortical development by musical experience in children
    Antoine Shahin
    Unit of Medical Physics and Applied Radiation Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4KI Canada
    Neuroreport 15:1917-21. 2004
    ..The findings set into relief a general process by which the neocortical synaptic matrix is shaped by an accumulation of specific auditory experiences...
  29. ncbi request reprint Frontal brain electrical activity (EEG) and heart rate in response to affective infant-directed (ID) speech in 9-month-old infants
    Diane L Santesso
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Brain Cogn 65:14-21. 2007
    ..Findings are discussed in terms of how increases in frontal EEG power in response to different affective intensity may reflect the cognitive aspects of emotional processing across sensory domains in infancy...
  30. ncbi request reprint Development of frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) and heart rate (ECG) responses to affective musical stimuli during the first 12 months of post-natal life
    Louis A Schmidt
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, L8S 4K1, Ontario, Canada
    Brain Cogn 52:27-32. 2003
    ..Findings suggest that there is a clear developmental change in the effect of music on brain activity in the first year, with music having a "calming" influence on infants by the end of the first year of life...
  31. ncbi request reprint The development of temporal resolution: between-channel gap detection in infants and adults
    Nicholas A Smith
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada
    J Speech Lang Hear Res 49:1104-13. 2006
    ..e., gaps delineated by spectrally disparate markers). This ability appears crucial for the perception of complex stimuli such as speech and is thought to reflect more central auditory processing...
  32. ncbi request reprint Occasional changes in sound location enhance middle latency evoked responses
    Ranil R Sonnadara
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4K1
    Brain Res 1076:187-92. 2006
    ..Our data suggest that any such processing is in fact preceded by activation in primary auditory cortex...
  33. doi request reprint Effects of musical training on key and harmony perception
    Kathleen A Corrigall
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience, and Behavior, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1169:164-8. 2009
    ..Using simple tasks, we found that formal music training influences key and harmony perception in 3- to 6-year-olds, and that even nonmusicians as young as 3 years have some knowledge of key membership and harmony...
  34. doi request reprint Effects of Kindermusik training on infants' rhythmic enculturation
    David W Gerry
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Canada
    Dev Sci 13:545-51. 2010
    ..We conclude that musical classes for infants can accelerate the development of culture-specific metrical perception...
  35. ncbi request reprint Relations among musical skills, phonological processing, and early reading ability in preschool children
    Sima H Anvari
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ont, Canada L8S 4K1
    J Exp Child Psychol 83:111-30. 2002
    ....
  36. ncbi request reprint Mismatch responses to pitch changes in early infancy
    Chao He
    McMaster University, Canada
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:878-92. 2007
    ....
  37. ncbi request reprint Music and learning-induced cortical plasticity
    Christo Pantev
    The Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 999:438-50. 2003
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint Memory for melody: infants use a relative pitch code
    Judy Plantinga
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ont, Canada
    Cognition 98:1-11. 2005
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint Feeling the beat: movement influences infant rhythm perception
    Jessica Phillips-Silver
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, Canada
    Science 308:1430. 2005
    ..Visual information is not necessary for the effect, indicating that it likely reflects a strong, early-developing interaction between auditory and vestibular information in the human nervous system...
  40. doi request reprint Beta and gamma rhythms in human auditory cortex during musical beat processing
    Takako Fujioka
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1169:89-92. 2009
    ..We propose that auditory beta and gamma oscillations have different roles in musical beat encoding and auditory-motor interaction...
  41. doi request reprint Development of infant mismatch responses to auditory pattern changes between 2 and 4 months old
    Chao He
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Eur J Neurosci 29:861-7. 2009
    ..This indicates that the MMN response to a change in pattern at 4 months reflects the activation of a change-detection mechanism similarly as in adults...
  42. doi request reprint Stimulus, task, and learning effects on measures of temporal resolution: implications for predictors of language outcome
    Nicholas A Smith
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada
    J Speech Lang Hear Res 51:1630-42. 2008
    ..The goal of this study was to examine the effects of stimulus properties, experimental task, and perceptual learning on listeners' gap detection performance...
  43. ncbi request reprint Hearing what the body feels: auditory encoding of rhythmic movement
    Jessica Phillips-Silver
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada L8S 4K1
    Cognition 105:533-46. 2007
    ..Parallel results from adults and infants suggest that the movement-sound interaction develops early and is fundamental to music processing throughout life...
  44. doi request reprint Melody recognition by two-month-old infants
    Judy Plantinga
    McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    J Acoust Soc Am 125:EL58-62. 2009
    ..The results show that with minimal familiarization, 2-month-old infants remember a short melody and can discriminate it from a similar melody...
  45. ncbi request reprint Perceived intensity effects in the octave illusion
    Ranil R Sonnadara
    McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Percept Psychophys 67:648-58. 2005
    ..In Experiment 5, we showed that this difference in perceived loudness disappears if the interval between the ILLU and IC stimuli is sufficiently large...
  46. doi request reprint Vestibular influence on auditory metrical interpretation
    Jessica Phillips-Silver
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ont, Canada L8S 4K1
    Brain Cogn 67:94-102. 2008
    ..We discuss possible cortical and subcortical sites for the integration of auditory and vestibular inputs that may underlie the interaction between movement and auditory metrical rhythm perception...
  47. ncbi request reprint Long-term memory for pitch in six-month-old infants
    Judy Plantinga
    Psychology Department, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 999:520-1. 2003
    ..Infants remembered the relative pitch of the melodies, but the absolute pitch was either not remembered or not a particularly salient attribute...
  48. ncbi request reprint Music acquisition: effects of enculturation and formal training on development
    Erin E Hannon
    Department of Psychology, University of Nevada Las Vegas, 4505 Maryland Parkway, Las Vegas, NV 89154 5030, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:466-72. 2007
    ....
  49. ncbi request reprint Automatic encoding of polyphonic melodies in musicians and nonmusicians
    Takako Fujioka
    Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Canada
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:1578-92. 2005
    ....
  50. doi request reprint Simultaneous pitches are encoded separately in auditory cortex: an MMNm study
    Takako Fujioka
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest, University of Toronto, Canada
    Neuroreport 19:361-6. 2008
    ....
  51. doi request reprint Music training leads to the development of timbre-specific gamma band activity
    Antoine J Shahin
    University of California, Davis Center for Mind and Brain, 267 Cousteau Place, Davis, CA 95618, USA
    Neuroimage 41:113-22. 2008
    ..Evoked gamma activity may index the physical properties of a sound and is modulated by acoustical training, while induced GBA may reflect higher perceptual learning and is shaped by specific auditory experiences...
  52. doi request reprint Cortical plasticity induced by short-term unimodal and multimodal musical training
    Claudia Lappe
    Institute for Biomagnetism and Biosignalanalysis, University of Munster, 48149 Munster, Germany
    J Neurosci 28:9632-9. 2008
    ....
  53. ncbi request reprint Musical training enhances automatic encoding of melodic contour and interval structure
    Takako Fujioka
    The Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care
    J Cogn Neurosci 16:1010-21. 2004
    ..No hemispheric difference was found in either group. The results suggest that musical training enhances the ability to automatically register abstract changes in the relative pitch structure of melodies...