K W Eva

Summary

Affiliation: McMaster University
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Self-assessment in the health professions: a reformulation and research agenda
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Program for Educational Research and Development, MDCL 3522, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8N 3Z5, Canada
    Acad Med 80:S46-54. 2005
  2. ncbi request reprint The relationship between interviewers' characteristics and ratings assigned during a multiple mini-interview
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Acad Med 79:602-9. 2004
  3. ncbi request reprint Teaching from the clinical reasoning literature: combined reasoning strategies help novice diagnosticians overcome misleading information
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 41:1152-8. 2007
  4. ncbi request reprint How can I know what I don't know? Poor self assessment in a well-defined domain
    Kevin W Eva
    Program for Educational Research and Development, Room 101, Building T 13, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, Canada
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 9:211-24. 2004
  5. ncbi request reprint The ability of the multiple mini-interview to predict preclerkship performance in medical school
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Programme for Educational Research and Development, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Acad Med 79:S40-2. 2004
  6. ncbi request reprint What every teacher needs to know about clinical reasoning
    Kevin W Eva
    Program for Educational Research and Development, Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada
    Med Educ 39:98-106. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint Knowing when to look it up: a new conception of self-assessment ability
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Program for Educational Research and Development, MDCL 3522, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8N 3Z5, Canada
    Acad Med 82:S81-4. 2007
  8. pmc Putting the cart before the horse: testing to improve learning
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Program for Educational Research and Development, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8N 3Z5, Canada
    BMJ 334:535. 2007
  9. ncbi request reprint Using a sampling strategy to address psychometric challenges in tutorial-based assessments
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Program for Educational Research and Development, MDCL 3510, McMaster University, L8N 3Z5, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 12:19-33. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint Heuristics and biases--a biased perspective on clinical reasoning
    Kevin W Eva
    McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada
    Med Educ 39:870-2. 2005

Detail Information

Publications63

  1. ncbi request reprint Self-assessment in the health professions: a reformulation and research agenda
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Program for Educational Research and Development, MDCL 3522, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8N 3Z5, Canada
    Acad Med 80:S46-54. 2005
  2. ncbi request reprint The relationship between interviewers' characteristics and ratings assigned during a multiple mini-interview
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Acad Med 79:602-9. 2004
    ..To assess the consistency of ratings assigned by health sciences faculty members relative to community members during an innovative admissions protocol called the Multiple Mini-Interview (MMI)...
  3. ncbi request reprint Teaching from the clinical reasoning literature: combined reasoning strategies help novice diagnosticians overcome misleading information
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 41:1152-8. 2007
    ..This paper reports 2 studies demonstrating that the combined instructions are especially valuable in helping students overcome biasing influences...
  4. ncbi request reprint How can I know what I don't know? Poor self assessment in a well-defined domain
    Kevin W Eva
    Program for Educational Research and Development, Room 101, Building T 13, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, Canada
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 9:211-24. 2004
    ..Previous test score was a much better predictor of current test performance than were individuals' expectations...
  5. ncbi request reprint The ability of the multiple mini-interview to predict preclerkship performance in medical school
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Programme for Educational Research and Development, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Acad Med 79:S40-2. 2004
    ..An innovative protocol, the Multiple Mini-Interview, has recently been shown to be feasible, acceptable, and reliable. This article presents a first assessment of the technique's validity...
  6. ncbi request reprint What every teacher needs to know about clinical reasoning
    Kevin W Eva
    Program for Educational Research and Development, Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada
    Med Educ 39:98-106. 2005
    ..Over the last 30 years there has been considerable debate within the health sciences education literature regarding the model that best describes how expert clinicians generate diagnostic decisions...
  7. ncbi request reprint Knowing when to look it up: a new conception of self-assessment ability
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Program for Educational Research and Development, MDCL 3522, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8N 3Z5, Canada
    Acad Med 82:S81-4. 2007
    ..This study examines the validity of a new conceptualization of self-assessment in practice and evaluates a series of measures for capturing self-assessment ability as defined by this new conceptualization...
  8. pmc Putting the cart before the horse: testing to improve learning
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Program for Educational Research and Development, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8N 3Z5, Canada
    BMJ 334:535. 2007
  9. ncbi request reprint Using a sampling strategy to address psychometric challenges in tutorial-based assessments
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Program for Educational Research and Development, MDCL 3510, McMaster University, L8N 3Z5, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 12:19-33. 2007
    ..The current study was performed in an attempt to assess the psychometric characteristics of tutorial-based evaluation upon adopting a multiple sampling approach that requires minimal recording of observations...
  10. ncbi request reprint Heuristics and biases--a biased perspective on clinical reasoning
    Kevin W Eva
    McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada
    Med Educ 39:870-2. 2005
  11. ncbi request reprint The difficulty with experience: does practice increase susceptibility to premature closure?
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biosta tistics, Program for Educational Research and Development, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    J Contin Educ Health Prof 26:192-8. 2006
    ..To minimize confounding variables and gain insight into cognitive issues relevant to continuing education, the current study was performed to test this conclusion...
  12. ncbi request reprint Where judgement fails: pitfalls in the selection process for medical personnel
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 9:161-74. 2004
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint Issues to consider when planning and conducting educational research
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Programme for Educational Research and Development, McMaster University Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    J Dent Educ 68:316-23. 2004
    ..The article focuses on quantitative methods in general with particular attention paid to experimental designs...
  14. ncbi request reprint An admissions OSCE: the multiple mini-interview
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Programme for Educational Research and Development, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 38:314-26. 2004
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Teamwork during education: the whole is not always greater than the sum of the parts
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Programme for Educational Research and Development, Health Sciences Centre, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 36:314-6. 2002
  16. ncbi request reprint The aging physician: changes in cognitive processing and their impact on medical practice
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatics, Program for Education Research and Development, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1
    Acad Med 77:S1-6. 2002
  17. ncbi request reprint Expert-novice differences in memory: a reformulation
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, T 13, Room 101, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4K1
    Teach Learn Med 14:257-63. 2002
    ..One of the most discriminating measures of expertise in multiple domains has been performance on memory tasks. In medicine, however, the relation between expertise and memory is more equivocal...
  18. doi request reprint Diagnostic error in medical education: where wrongs can make rights
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 14:71-81. 2009
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint On the generality of specificity
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Programme for Educational Research and Development, T 13, Room 101, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada
    Med Educ 37:587-8. 2003
  20. doi request reprint "I'll never play professional football" and other fallacies of self-assessment
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Program for Educational Research and Development, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    J Contin Educ Health Prof 28:14-9. 2008
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Can the strength of candidates be discriminated based on ability to circumvent the biasing effect of prose? Implications for evaluation and education
    Kevin W Eva
    McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Acad Med 78:S78-81. 2003
    ..Residents have greater confidence in diagnoses when indicative features are presented in medical terminology. The current study examines the implications of this result by assessing its relationship to clinical ability...
  22. doi request reprint Predictive validity of the multiple mini-interview for selecting medical trainees
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 43:767-75. 2009
    ..We also continue to explore the stability of candidate performance and the extent to which so-called 'cognitive' and 'non-cognitive' qualities should be deemed independent of one another...
  23. ncbi request reprint Whither the need for faculty development?
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Program for Educational Research and Development, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 40:99-100. 2006
  24. ncbi request reprint Comparison of aboriginal and nonaboriginal applicants for admissions on the Multiple Mini-Interview using aboriginal and nonaboriginal interviewers
    Kristina Moreau
    Michael G DeGroote School of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Teach Learn Med 18:58-61. 2006
    ..As reliable noncognitive measures are developed, it is crucial to ensure immunity from bias, enabling them to better dilute unintended discrimination of cognitive measures...
  25. pmc Swapping horses midstream: factors related to physicians' changing their minds about a diagnosis
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Acad Med 85:1112-7. 2010
    ..This factorial experiment explored which variables exert an unconfounded influence on physicians' diagnostic flexibility (changing their minds about the most likely diagnosis during a clinical case presentation)...
  26. ncbi request reprint Do clinical clerks provide candidates with adequate formative assessment during Objective Structured Clinical Examinations?
    Harold I Reiter
    McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4K1
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 9:189-99. 2004
    ..This question is becoming increasingly important, however, as the strain on faculty resources increases...
  27. ncbi request reprint Assessing tutorial-based assessment
    K W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, 1200 Main St. W, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8N 3Z5
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 6:243-57. 2001
    ..The current paper will review the evidence relevant to this assessment paradox, paying particular attention to the use of self-assessment...
  28. ncbi request reprint Multiple mini-interviews predict clerkship and licensing examination performance
    Harold I Reiter
    Department of Oncology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 41:378-84. 2007
    ..The Multiple Mini-Interview (MMI) has previously been shown to have a positive correlation with early medical school performance. Data have matured to allow comparison with clerkship evaluations and national licensing examinations...
  29. doi request reprint The reliability and acceptability of the Multiple Mini-Interview as a selection instrument for postgraduate admissions
    Kelly L Dore
    McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Acad Med 85:S60-3. 2010
    ..Postgraduate applicant pools have smaller numbers of more homogeneous candidates that must be actively recruited while being assessed. This paper reports on the MMI's use in assessing residency candidates...
  30. ncbi request reprint Medical school admissions: revisiting the veracity and independence of completion of an autobiographical screening tool
    Mark D Hanson
    HSC 3G41, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8N 3Z5, Canada
    Acad Med 82:S8-S11. 2007
    ..However, confidence in the validity of these measures has been questioned...
  31. ncbi request reprint Reflecting the relative values of community, faculty, and students in the admissions tools of medical school
    Harold I Reiter
    McMaster University, Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 325, Canada
    Teach Learn Med 17:4-8. 2005
    ....
  32. ncbi request reprint Doggie diagnosis, diagnostic success and diagnostic reasoning strategies: an alternative view
    Geoffrey R Norman
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology, McMaster University, Room 2C14, Health Sciences Centre, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada
    Med Educ 37:676-7. 2003
  33. ncbi request reprint The privileged status of prestigious terminology: impact of "medicalese" on clinical judgments
    Geoffrey R Norman
    McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Acad Med 78:S82-4. 2003
    ..Health professionals frequently use medical terminology like dyspnea or nasopharyngitis. These two studies examine how the use of medical terms affects the judgments of seriousness, prevalence, and disease; and diagnostic judgments...
  34. ncbi request reprint Stemming the tide: cognitive aging theories and their implications for continuing education in the health professions
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Program for Educational Research and Development, Room 101, T 13, 1280 Main Street West, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1
    J Contin Educ Health Prof 23:133-40. 2003
    ..The implications of these findings include the potential to tailor continuing education (and physician remediation) efforts toward the age-related abilities/deficiencies of individual physicians...
  35. pmc Are clinicians being prepared to care for abused women? A survey of health professional education in Ontario, Canada
    C Nadine Wathen
    Faculty of Information and Media Studies, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
    BMC Med Educ 9:34. 2009
    ..The current project undertook a province-wide survey and environmental scan of educational opportunities available to future health care providers on the topic of intimate partner violence (IPV) against women...
  36. doi request reprint Does mental illness stigma contribute to adolescent standardized patients' discomfort with simulations of mental illness and adverse psychosocial experiences?
    Mark D Hanson
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Acad Psychiatry 32:98-103. 2008
    ..Paradoxically, however, ASP involvement may provide a stigma-reduction strategy. This article reports an investigation of this hypothetical association between simulation discomfort and mental illness stigma...
  37. doi request reprint Extending the interview to all medical school candidates--Computer-Based Multiple Sample Evaluation of Noncognitive Skills (CMSENS)
    Kelly L Dore
    Acad Med 84:S9-12. 2009
    ..Most medical school candidates are excluded without benefit of noncognitive skills assessment. Is development of a noncognitive preinterview screening test that correlates with the well-validated Multiple Mini-Interview (MMI) possible?..
  38. doi request reprint Factors predicting competence as assessed with the written component of the Canadian Physiotherapy Competency Examination
    Patricia A Miller
    School of Rehabilitation Science, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Physiother Theory Pract 26:12-21. 2010
    ..Other future research initiatives should include additional demographic and educational factors and address the relationship between performance on both components of the PCE and actual clinical practice...
  39. doi request reprint Diagnostic error and clinical reasoning
    Geoffrey R Norman
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 44:94-100. 2010
    ..The consensus of this literature is that most errors are cognitive and result from the application of one or more cognitive biases. Such biased reasoning is usually associated with 'System 1' (non-analytic, pattern recognition) thinking...
  40. doi request reprint Psychometric properties of a peer-assessment program to assess continuing competence in physical therapy
    Patricia A Miller
    School of Rehabilitation Science, McMaster University, IAHS Room 403, 1400 Main St West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Phys Ther 90:1026-38. 2010
    ..The College of Physiotherapists of Ontario implemented an Onsite Assessment to evaluate the continuing competence of physical therapists...
  41. ncbi request reprint Effects associated with adolescent standardized patient simulation of depression and suicidal ideation
    Mark D Hanson
    HSC 3G41, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8N 3Z5, Canada
    Acad Med 82:S61-4. 2007
    ..Because of common use of adolescent simulated patients (ASPs), clarification of the risk of negative effects associated with high-stress simulations is essential. This study evaluates the safety of suicidality simulations...
  42. ncbi request reprint The benefits of flexibility: the pedagogical value of instructions to adopt multifaceted diagnostic reasoning strategies
    Tavinder K Ark
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 41:281-7. 2007
    ..This study assesses the extent to which students spontaneously adopt a combined approach and compares its benefits with those experienced with a contrastive learning strategy known to enhance analogical transfer...
  43. ncbi request reprint Medical school admissions: enhancing the reliability and validity of an autobiographical screening tool
    Kelly L Dore
    Program for Educational Research and Development, McMaster University, MDCL 3510, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, L8N 3Z5, Canada
    Acad Med 81:S70-3. 2006
    ..A reliable preinterview noncognitive measure would relax dependence upon screening based entirely on cognitive tendencies...
  44. ncbi request reprint Implications of psychology-type theories for full curriculum interventions
    Geoffrey R Norman
    Health Sciences Centre, McMaster University, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 39:247-9. 2005
  45. ncbi request reprint Self and peer assessment in tutorials: application of a relative-ranking model
    Harold I Reiter
    Department of Medicine, Health Sciences Centre, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Acad Med 77:1134-9. 2002
    ..This study tested the applicability of an innovative relative-ranking procedure to problem-based learning tutorials...
  46. ncbi request reprint A cost efficiency comparison between the multiple mini-interview and traditional admissions interviews
    Jack M Rosenfeld
    Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 13:43-58. 2008
    ..The absolute costs will vary dependent on institution, but the framework presented in this paper will hopefully provide greater guidance regarding logistical requirements and anticipated budget...
  47. ncbi request reprint The effect of defined violations of test security on admissions outcomes using multiple mini-interviews
    Harold I Reiter
    Dept of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8Z 3N5, Canada
    Med Educ 40:36-42. 2006
    ..Three separate studies investigate whether anticipated security violations result in undesirable enhancement of MMI performance ratings...
  48. ncbi request reprint Giving learners the best of both worlds: do clinical teachers need to guard against teaching pattern recognition to novices?
    Tavinder K Ark
    Program for Educational Research and Development, MDCL 3522, McMaster University, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8N 3Z5
    Acad Med 81:405-9. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy achieved upon receiving instruction to use each strategy in isolation to that of a combined approach...
  49. ncbi request reprint Does clinical experience make up for failure to keep up to date?
    Geoffrey R Norman
    McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    ACP J Club 142:A8-9. 2005
  50. ncbi request reprint Does clinical experience make up for failure to keep up to date?
    G R Norman
    McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Equine Vet J 39:319-21. 2007
  51. ncbi request reprint Can self-declared personal values be used to identify those with family medicine career aspirations?
    Renee A Beach
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Undergraduate MD Program, Program for Educational Research and Development, MDCL 3522, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 13:193-202. 2008
    ..This study's objective was to determine whether limited differences can nevertheless be used to identify those with particular interest in primary care...
  52. pmc Holiday review. Are all the taken men good? An indirect examination of mate-choice copying in humans
    Kevin W Eva
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    CMAJ 175:1573-4. 2006
  53. doi request reprint The Completeness of Reporting (CORE) index identifies important deficiencies in observational study conference abstracts
    Michelle E Kho
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    J Clin Epidemiol 61:1241-9. 2008
    ..The aim was to develop, test, and apply an index to assess the completeness of reporting in a cohort of observational studies of conference abstracts...
  54. ncbi request reprint Clinical experience and quality of health care
    Geoffrey R Norman
    Ann Intern Med 143:85-6; author reply 86-7; discussion 87. 2005
  55. ncbi request reprint Is there any real virtue of virtual reality?: the minor role of multiple orientations in learning anatomy from computers
    Amit X Garg
    McMaster U niversity, 1280 Main Street, W Hamilton ON L8K 4T1, Canada
    Acad Med 77:S97-9. 2002
  56. ncbi request reprint Dangerous personalities
    Kevin W Eva
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 10:275-7. 2005
  57. doi request reprint The cross-cutting edge: striving for symbiosis between medical education research and related disciplines
    Kevin W Eva
    Med Educ 42:950-1. 2008
  58. doi request reprint On the limits of systematicity
    Kevin W Eva
    Med Educ 42:852-3. 2008
  59. ncbi request reprint What's next? A guiding question for educators engaged in educational research
    Kevin W Eva
    Med Educ 42:752-4. 2008
  60. doi request reprint Covering up the crystal ball
    Kevin W Eva
    Med Educ 42:330-2. 2008
  61. doi request reprint Workplace-based assessment for general practitioners: using stakeholder perception to aid blueprinting of an assessment battery
    Douglas J Murphy
    National Health Service NHS Education for Scotland, West of Scotland Region, Glasgow, UK
    Med Educ 42:96-103. 2008
    ....
  62. ncbi request reprint The yin and yang of education research
    Kevin W Eva
    Med Educ 41:724-5. 2007
  63. ncbi request reprint Clinical practice guidelines in the intensive care unit: a survey of Canadian clinicians' attitudes
    Tasnim Sinuff
    Department of Critical Care Medicine, Sunnybrook Research Institute, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, and University of Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5, Canada
    Can J Anaesth 54:728-36. 2007
    ..To understand clinicians' perceptions regarding practice guidelines in Canadian intensive care units (ICUs) to inform guideline development and implementation strategies...