Tomas Paus

Summary

Affiliation: McGill University
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. pmc Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the human frontal cortex: implications for repetitive TMS treatment of depression
    Tomas Paus
    Neuropsychology Department, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Que
    J Psychiatry Neurosci 29:268-79. 2004
  2. ncbi request reprint Cortico-cortical connectivity of the human mid-dorsolateral frontal cortex and its modulation by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
    T Paus
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, 3801 University Street, Montreal, Quebec, H3A 2B4, Canada
    Eur J Neurosci 14:1405-11. 2001
  3. ncbi request reprint Synchronization of neuronal activity in the human primary motor cortex by transcranial magnetic stimulation: an EEG study
    T Paus
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2B4, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 86:1983-90. 2001
  4. ncbi request reprint Primate anterior cingulate cortex: where motor control, drive and cognition interface
    T Paus
    Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Montreal Neurological Institute, 3801 University Street, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2B4, Canada
    Nat Rev Neurosci 2:417-24. 2001
  5. ncbi request reprint Maturation of white matter in the human brain: a review of magnetic resonance studies
    T Paus
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Brain Res Bull 54:255-66. 2001
  6. ncbi request reprint Structural maturation of neural pathways in children and adolescents: in vivo study
    T Paus
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, 3801 University Street, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2B4, Canada
    Science 283:1908-11. 1999
  7. ncbi request reprint Imaging the brain before, during, and after transcranial magnetic stimulation
    T Paus
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Quebec, Canada
    Neuropsychologia 37:219-24. 1999
  8. ncbi request reprint Transcranial magnetic stimulation during PET: reaching and verifying the target site
    T Paus
    Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Hum Brain Mapp 6:399-402. 1998
  9. ncbi request reprint Modulation of motor excitability during speech perception: the role of Broca's area
    Kate Watkins
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University
    J Cogn Neurosci 16:978-87. 2004
  10. ncbi request reprint Mechanisms of action underlying the effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on mood: behavioral and brain imaging studies
    Jennifer Barrett
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Neuropsychopharmacology 29:1172-89. 2004

Detail Information

Publications48

  1. pmc Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the human frontal cortex: implications for repetitive TMS treatment of depression
    Tomas Paus
    Neuropsychology Department, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Que
    J Psychiatry Neurosci 29:268-79. 2004
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Cortico-cortical connectivity of the human mid-dorsolateral frontal cortex and its modulation by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
    T Paus
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, 3801 University Street, Montreal, Quebec, H3A 2B4, Canada
    Eur J Neurosci 14:1405-11. 2001
    ..Future studies are needed to provide a direct link between the rTMS-induced modulation of cortical connectivity and its effects on specific behaviours...
  3. ncbi request reprint Synchronization of neuronal activity in the human primary motor cortex by transcranial magnetic stimulation: an EEG study
    T Paus
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2B4, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 86:1983-90. 2001
    ..As such, they corroborate previous studies of cortical oscillations in the motor cortex and point to the potential of the combined TMS/EEG approach for further investigations of cortical rhythms in the human brain...
  4. ncbi request reprint Primate anterior cingulate cortex: where motor control, drive and cognition interface
    T Paus
    Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Montreal Neurological Institute, 3801 University Street, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2B4, Canada
    Nat Rev Neurosci 2:417-24. 2001
    ..I argue that the overlap of these three domains is key to distinguishing the anterior cingulate cortex from other frontal regions, placing it in a unique position to translate intentions to actions...
  5. ncbi request reprint Maturation of white matter in the human brain: a review of magnetic resonance studies
    T Paus
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Brain Res Bull 54:255-66. 2001
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Structural maturation of neural pathways in children and adolescents: in vivo study
    T Paus
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, 3801 University Street, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2B4, Canada
    Science 283:1908-11. 1999
    ..These findings provide evidence for a gradual maturation, during late childhood and adolescence, of fiber pathways presumably supporting motor and speech functions...
  7. ncbi request reprint Imaging the brain before, during, and after transcranial magnetic stimulation
    T Paus
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Quebec, Canada
    Neuropsychologia 37:219-24. 1999
    ..Finally, I point out the utility of PET and MRI for evaluating possible long-term effects of repetitive TMS...
  8. ncbi request reprint Transcranial magnetic stimulation during PET: reaching and verifying the target site
    T Paus
    Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Hum Brain Mapp 6:399-402. 1998
    ..The latter is accomplished by identifying the coil on a transmission scan and coregistering it, e.g., with a model of the electrical field induced in the brain...
  9. ncbi request reprint Modulation of motor excitability during speech perception: the role of Broca's area
    Kate Watkins
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University
    J Cogn Neurosci 16:978-87. 2004
    ..We propose that this area "primes" the motor system in response to heard speech even when no speech output is required and, as such, operates at the interface of perception and action...
  10. ncbi request reprint Mechanisms of action underlying the effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on mood: behavioral and brain imaging studies
    Jennifer Barrett
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Neuropsychopharmacology 29:1172-89. 2004
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Role of the primary motor and dorsal premotor cortices in the anticipation of forces during object lifting
    Philippe A Chouinard
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2B4, Canada
    J Neurosci 25:2277-84. 2005
    ..We conclude that the primary motor and dorsal premotor cortices have unique roles during the anticipatory scaling of forces associated with the lifting of different weights...
  12. pmc Negative associations between corpus callosum midsagittal area and IQ in a representative sample of healthy children and adolescents
    Hooman Ganjavi
    Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    PLoS ONE 6:e19698. 2011
    ..These findings suggest that the correlation between CC midsagittal area and IQ may be related to age and gender...
  13. ncbi request reprint Modulating neural networks with transcranial magnetic stimulation applied over the dorsal premotor and primary motor cortices
    Philippe A Chouinard
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2B4, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 90:1071-83. 2003
    ..These findings are consistent with the known differences between the dorsal premotor and primary motor cortices in the extent of cortico-cortical anatomical connectivity in the monkey...
  14. ncbi request reprint The neural response to transcranial magnetic stimulation of the human motor cortex. II. Thalamocortical contributions
    Ysbrand D Van Der Werf
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, 3801 rue University, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Exp Brain Res 175:246-55. 2006
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Transcranial magnetic stimulation of the human frontal eye field facilitates visual awareness
    Marie Helene Grosbras
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, 3801 University, Montreal, QC, Canada H3A2B4
    Eur J Neurosci 18:3121-6. 2003
    ..These results show that modulating the neuronal activity of the FEF can enhance visual detection, thereby yielding new insights into the neural basis of visual awareness...
  16. ncbi request reprint Cortical regions involved in eye movements, shifts of attention, and gaze perception
    Marie Helene Grosbras
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Hum Brain Mapp 25:140-54. 2005
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint The role of the anterior cingulate cortex in pitch variation during sad affect
    Jennifer Barrett
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, 3801 University St, Montreal, QC, Canada, H3A 2B4
    Eur J Neurosci 19:458-64. 2004
    ..Our results suggest that the anterior cingulate cortex modulates paralinguistic features of speech during affective states, thus placing this neural structure at the interface between action and emotions...
  18. ncbi request reprint Transcranial magnetic stimulation of frontal oculomotor regions during smooth pursuit
    Danny Gagnon
    Department of Psychology, McGill University, H3A 1B1, Canada
    J Neurosci 26:458-66. 2006
    ..The effect of stimulation of the SEF is distinct from that of the FPA and suggests that its role in sinusoidal pursuit is primarily at the target direction reversal...
  19. ncbi request reprint The primary motor and premotor areas of the human cerebral cortex
    Philippe A Chouinard
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Neuroscientist 12:143-52. 2006
    ..They end this review by discussing how the premotor areas influence M1...
  20. ncbi request reprint Changes in effective connectivity of the primary motor cortex in stroke patients after rehabilitative therapy
    Philippe A Chouinard
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Exp Neurol 201:375-87. 2006
    ....
  21. pmc Right anterior cingulate cortical thickness and bilateral striatal volume correlate with child behavior checklist aggressive behavior scores in healthy children
    Simon Ducharme
    McConnell Brain Imaging Centre, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, 3801 University Street, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Biol Psychiatry 70:283-90. 2011
    ..The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), and basal ganglia have been implicated in pathological aggression. This study aimed at identifying neuroanatomical correlates of impulsive aggression in healthy children...
  22. ncbi request reprint Brain networks involved in viewing angry hands or faces
    Marie Helene Grosbras
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    Cereb Cortex 16:1087-96. 2006
    ..These results complement the wealth of studies on the perception of affect from faces and provide further insights into the processes involved in the perception of others underlying, perhaps, social constructs such as empathy...
  23. ncbi request reprint Striatal dopamine release induced by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the human motor cortex
    Antonio P Strafella
    McConnell Brain Imaging Centre, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Brain 126:2609-15. 2003
    ..This finding has implications for the functional role of subcortical dopamine...
  24. doi request reprint Age-related changes in transient and oscillatory brain responses to auditory stimulation during early adolescence
    Catherine Poulsen
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Canada
    Dev Sci 12:220-35. 2009
    ..These results indicate persistent maturation of the cortical mechanisms for auditory processing from childhood into middle adulthood...
  25. ncbi request reprint The neural response to transcranial magnetic stimulation of the human motor cortex. I. Intracortical and cortico-cortical contributions
    Ysbrand D Van Der Werf
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, 3801 rue University, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Exp Brain Res 175:231-45. 2006
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Modulation of phosphene perception during saccadic eye movements: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study of the human visual cortex
    Chadwick Boulay
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, QC, Canada
    Exp Brain Res 167:297-300. 2005
    ..34, P = 0.001). Contrary to what would be expected from a saccadic suppression model, our results suggest that excitability of the visual cortex is slightly enhanced at the time of saccade onset...
  27. ncbi request reprint Age-related changes in transient and oscillatory brain responses to auditory stimulation in healthy adults 19-45 years old
    Catherine Poulsen
    Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, 3801 University Street, Montreal, Canada
    Cereb Cortex 17:1454-67. 2007
    ..These results indicate persistent adaptation of cortical auditory processes into middle adulthood. We speculate that experience-driven myelination and/or refinement of inhibitory circuits may underlie these changes...
  28. ncbi request reprint Stimulation of the posterior parietal cortex interferes with arm trajectory adjustments during the learning of new dynamics
    Valeria Della-Maggiore
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2B4, Canada
    J Neurosci 24:9971-6. 2004
    ..Our findings are consistent with a role of PPC in the adjustment of motor commands necessary for adapting to a novel mechanical environment...
  29. doi request reprint Neural correlates of human body perception
    Rosanne Aleong
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:482-95. 2010
    ..Although previous studies have found some degree of right hemisphere dominance in body perception, our results suggest that such a functional lateralization may differ between men and women...
  30. ncbi request reprint In vivo morphometry of the intrasulcal gray matter in the human cingulate, paracingulate, and superior-rostral sulci: hemispheric asymmetries, gender differences and probability maps
    T Paus
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Quebec, Canada
    J Comp Neurol 376:664-73. 1996
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Applications of random field theory to functional connectivity
    K J Worsley
    Department of Mathematics and Statistics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Hum Brain Mapp 6:364-7. 1998
    ..This can be applied to crosscorrelations between two different sets of images--such as activations under two different tasks, as well as autocorrelations within the same set of images...
  32. ncbi request reprint Increased blood flow in the basal ganglia when using cues to direct attention
    L Koski
    Montreal Neurological Institute, 3801 University Street, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Exp Brain Res 129:241-6. 1999
    ..Blood flow in cortical regions commonly associated with attention was not related to cue ratio, a finding that may reflect automatization of the processes involved in interpreting and using the cues...
  33. ncbi request reprint Directed attention after unilateral frontal excisions in humans
    L M Koski
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Quebec, Canada
    Neuropsychologia 36:1363-71. 1998
    ..There was no correlation between lesion volume and benefit score in these patients...
  34. ncbi request reprint Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the human prefrontal cortex induces dopamine release in the caudate nucleus
    A P Strafella
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2B4
    J Neurosci 21:RC157. 2001
    ..This finding has implications for the therapeutic and research use of rTMS in neurological and psychiatric disorders...
  35. ncbi request reprint Structural asymmetries in the human brain: a voxel-based statistical analysis of 142 MRI scans
    K E Watkins
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Cereb Cortex 11:868-77. 2001
    ..The above asymmetries were observed in men and women. Our results thus provide confirmation of the known structural asymmetries in the human brain as well as new findings that may stimulate further research of hemispheric specialization...
  36. ncbi request reprint Seeing and hearing speech excites the motor system involved in speech production
    K E Watkins
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, 3801 University Street, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2B4
    Neuropsychologia 41:989-94. 2003
    ..These results provide evidence that both auditory and visual speech perception facilitate the excitability of the motor system involved in speech production...
  37. doi request reprint Anatomical correlates of dynamic auditory processing: relationship to literacy during early adolescence
    Mary Elizabeth Sutherland
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Canada
    Neuroimage 60:1287-95. 2012
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint Transcranial magnetic stimulation of the human frontal eye field: effects on visual perception and attention
    Marie Helene Grosbras
    McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Cogn Neurosci 14:1109-20. 2002
    ..Our results also underline that the disruptive or facilitative effect of TMS over a given region depends upon the behavioral context...
  39. pmc Cortical thickness correlates of specific cognitive performance accounted for by the general factor of intelligence in healthy children aged 6 to 18
    Sherif Karama
    McConnell Brain Imaging Centre, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Neuroimage 55:1443-53. 2011
    ..Within a psychometric framework, cortical thickness correlates of cognitive performance on complex tasks are well captured by g in this demographically representative sample...
  40. pmc Unbiased average age-appropriate atlases for pediatric studies
    Vladimir Fonov
    McConnell Brain Imaging Centre, Montreal Neurological Institute, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Neuroimage 54:313-27. 2011
    ..The public availability of these atlases/templates will facilitate analysis of pediatric MRI data and enable comparison of results between studies in a common standardized space specific to pediatric research...
  41. ncbi request reprint Cerebral blood-flow changes induced by paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation of the primary motor cortex
    A P Strafella
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2B4, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 85:2624-9. 2001
    ..The above pattern of CBF response to paired-pulse TMS supports the possibility that suppression and facilitation of the EMG response are mediated by different populations of cortical interneurons...
  42. ncbi request reprint Propofol anesthesia and cerebral blood flow changes elicited by vibrotactile stimulation: a positron emission tomography study
    V Bonhomme
    Department of Anesthesia, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1A2, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 85:1299-308. 2001
    ..We conclude that propofol interferes with the processing of vibrotactile information first at the level of the cortex before attenuating its transfer through the thalamus...
  43. doi request reprint Breastfeeding and brain structure in adolescence
    Salomi Kafouri
    Rotman Research Institute, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Int J Epidemiol 42:150-9. 2013
    ..The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate an association between duration of exclusive breastfeeding and structure of cortical regions implicated in general intelligence...
  44. ncbi request reprint Anatomical correlates of learning novel speech sounds
    Narly Golestani
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Neuron 35:997-1010. 2002
    ..Greater asymmetry in the amount of white matter in faster learners may be related to greater myelination allowing more efficient neural processing, which is critical for the ability to process certain speech sounds...
  45. pmc T(2) relaxometry of normal pediatric brain development
    Ilana R Leppert
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Magn Reson Imaging 29:258-67. 2009
    ..To establish normal age-related changes in the magnetic resonance (MR) T(2) relaxation time constants of brain using data collected as part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) MRI Study of Normal Brain Development...
  46. ncbi request reprint Affect-induced changes in speech production
    Jennifer Barrett
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, 3801 University St, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2B4, Canada
    Exp Brain Res 146:531-7. 2002
    ..This speech paradigm provides a model for studying how changes in mood states interact with the motor control of speech...
  47. doi request reprint The effect of template choice on morphometric analysis of pediatric brain data
    Uicheul Yoon
    McConnell Brain Imaging Centre, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Neuroimage 45:769-77. 2009
    ..The results show that it is necessary to be cautious when interpreting results from pediatric imaging studies based on adult reference data...
  48. ncbi request reprint Role of the human medial frontal cortex in task switching: a combined fMRI and TMS study
    M F S Rushworth
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3UD, United Kingdom
    J Neurophysiol 87:2577-92. 2002
    ..Second, the VS rTMS results suggest that just because an area is activated in two paradigms does not mean that it plays the same essential role in both cases...