Michel Loreau

Summary

Affiliation: McGill University
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. pmc Linking biodiversity and ecosystems: towards a unifying ecological theory
    Michel Loreau
    Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:49-60. 2010
  2. doi request reprint Species synchrony and its drivers: neutral and nonneutral community dynamics in fluctuating environments
    Michel Loreau
    Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Avenue Docteur Penfield, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1B1, Canada
    Am Nat 172:E48-66. 2008
  3. doi request reprint Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: the mystery of the deep sea
    Michel Loreau
    Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Avenue Docteur Penfield, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1B1, Canada
    Curr Biol 18:R126-8. 2008
  4. doi request reprint Predicting ecosystem stability from community composition and biodiversity
    Claire de Mazancourt
    Redpath Museum, McGill University, 859 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec, H3A 2K6, Canada
    Ecol Lett 16:617-25. 2013
  5. doi request reprint Evolution of dispersal in a predator-prey metacommunity
    Pradeep Pillai
    Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1B1, Canada
    Am Nat 179:204-16. 2012
  6. pmc Metacommunity theory explains the emergence of food web complexity
    Pradeep Pillai
    Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada H3A 1B1
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:19293-8. 2011
  7. pmc Global human footprint on the linkage between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in reef fishes
    Camilo Mora
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    PLoS Biol 9:e1000606. 2011
  8. doi request reprint Nutrient flows between ecosystems can destabilize simple food chains
    Justin N Marleau
    Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Ave Docteur Penfield, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 1B1
    J Theor Biol 266:162-74. 2010
  9. ncbi request reprint Source and sink dynamics in meta-ecosystems
    Dominique Gravel
    Biology Department, McGill University, 1205 Dr Penfield Avenue, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1B1, Canada
    Ecology 91:2172-84. 2010
  10. doi request reprint Cascading extinctions, functional complementarity, and selection in two-trophic-level model communities: a trait-based mechanistic approach
    Jurgis Sapijanskas
    Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Avenue Docteur Penfield, Montreal, QC, Canada
    J Theor Biol 267:375-87. 2010

Detail Information

Publications42

  1. pmc Linking biodiversity and ecosystems: towards a unifying ecological theory
    Michel Loreau
    Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:49-60. 2010
    ..Recent community evolution models are a promising step in that direction...
  2. doi request reprint Species synchrony and its drivers: neutral and nonneutral community dynamics in fluctuating environments
    Michel Loreau
    Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Avenue Docteur Penfield, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1B1, Canada
    Am Nat 172:E48-66. 2008
    ..Comparing the observed synchrony of species per capita population growth rates with that predicted by the neutral model potentially provides a simple test of deterministic asynchrony in a community...
  3. doi request reprint Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: the mystery of the deep sea
    Michel Loreau
    Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Avenue Docteur Penfield, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1B1, Canada
    Curr Biol 18:R126-8. 2008
    ..Analyses of deep-sea ecosystems challenge this generalisation and suggest that positive species interactions might be more widespread than previously believed...
  4. doi request reprint Predicting ecosystem stability from community composition and biodiversity
    Claire de Mazancourt
    Redpath Museum, McGill University, 859 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec, H3A 2K6, Canada
    Ecol Lett 16:617-25. 2013
    ..Our approach calls for a re-evaluation of the mechanisms explaining the effects of biodiversity on ecosystem stability...
  5. doi request reprint Evolution of dispersal in a predator-prey metacommunity
    Pradeep Pillai
    Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1B1, Canada
    Am Nat 179:204-16. 2012
    ....
  6. pmc Metacommunity theory explains the emergence of food web complexity
    Pradeep Pillai
    Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada H3A 1B1
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:19293-8. 2011
    ..Finally, we apply our theory to reveal the effects of habitat destruction on network complexity and metacommunity diversity...
  7. pmc Global human footprint on the linkage between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in reef fishes
    Camilo Mora
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    PLoS Biol 9:e1000606. 2011
    ....
  8. doi request reprint Nutrient flows between ecosystems can destabilize simple food chains
    Justin N Marleau
    Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Ave Docteur Penfield, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 1B1
    J Theor Biol 266:162-74. 2010
    ..It more generally emphasizes the importance of meta-ecosystem theory for predicting species persistence and distribution in managed ecosystems...
  9. ncbi request reprint Source and sink dynamics in meta-ecosystems
    Dominique Gravel
    Biology Department, McGill University, 1205 Dr Penfield Avenue, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1B1, Canada
    Ecology 91:2172-84. 2010
    ..The meta-ecosystem perspective provides a powerful theoretical framework to address novel questions in spatial ecosystem ecology...
  10. doi request reprint Cascading extinctions, functional complementarity, and selection in two-trophic-level model communities: a trait-based mechanistic approach
    Jurgis Sapijanskas
    Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Avenue Docteur Penfield, Montreal, QC, Canada
    J Theor Biol 267:375-87. 2010
    ..Our work emphasizes the potential of trait-based approaches for transforming biodiversity and ecosystem functioning research into a more predictive science...
  11. doi request reprint Niche construction in the light of niche theory
    Grigoris Kylafis
    Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Avenue Docteur Penfield, Montreal, QC, H3A 1B1 Canada
    Ecol Lett 14:82-90. 2011
    ..The adaptive benefit derived from niche construction also strongly affects the realized niche of a niche-constructing species...
  12. pmc When microbes and consumers determine the limiting nutrient of autotrophs: a theoretical analysis
    Mehdi Cherif
    Laboratoire d Ecologie, BIOEMCO UMR 7618, Ecole Normale Superieure, 46 rue d Ulm, 75230 Paris Cedex 05, France
    Proc Biol Sci 276:487-97. 2009
    ..They also suggest that detrital chains play an important role in determining plant nutrient limitation in many ecosystems...
  13. ncbi request reprint Consumer-mediated recycling and cascading trophic interactions
    Shawn J Leroux
    Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Ave Docteur Penfield, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1B1, Canada
    Ecology 91:2162-71. 2010
    ..We show that existing hypotheses from specific empirical systems do not occur under all conditions, which further exacerbates the need to consider a broad suite of mechanisms when investigating trophic cascades...
  14. doi request reprint High plant diversity is needed to maintain ecosystem services
    Forest Isbell
    Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, H3A 1B1, Canada
    Nature 477:199-202. 2011
    ....
  15. doi request reprint Meta-ecosystem dynamics and functioning on finite spatial networks
    Justin N Marleau
    Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Centre for Biodiversity Theory and Modelling, Experimental Ecology Station, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 09200 Moulis, France
    Proc Biol Sci 281:20132094. 2014
    ..Our study indicates the need to consider finite-size ecosystems in meta-ecosystem theory. ..
  16. doi request reprint Ecological and evolutionary consequences of niche construction for its agent
    Grigoris Kylafis
    Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Avenue Docteur Penfield, Montreal, QC H3A1B1, Canada
    Ecol Lett 11:1072-81. 2008
    ..The direct benefit accruing to plants, however, plays a crucial role in the evolutionary advantage of niche construction...
  17. doi request reprint Patch dynamics, persistence, and species coexistence in metaecosystems
    Dominique Gravel
    Biology Department, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am Nat 176:289-302. 2010
    ..Our analysis revealed that integrating ecosystem and spatial dynamics can lead to various indirect interactions that contribute significantly to community organization...
  18. doi request reprint Subsidy hypothesis and strength of trophic cascades across ecosystems
    Shawn J Leroux
    Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Ave Docteur Penfield, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Ecol Lett 11:1147-56. 2008
    ..Predictions from our models support the subsidy hypothesis and highlight the need to consider ecosystems as open to allochthonous flows...
  19. ncbi request reprint Diversity without representation
    Michel Loreau
    Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1B1, Canada
    Nature 442:245-6. 2006
  20. doi request reprint Evolution of local facilitation in arid ecosystems
    Sonia Kefi
    Department of Environmental Sciences, Copernicus Institut, Utrecht University, PO Box 80115, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Am Nat 172:E1-17. 2008
    ..In this case, adaptation in response to climate change and human pressures could give the final push to the desertification of arid ecosystems...
  21. doi request reprint Nontrophic interactions, biodiversity, and ecosystem functioning: an interaction web model
    Alexandra Goudard
    Biogéochimie et Ecologie des Milieux Continentaux, Unité Mixte de Recherche 7618, Ecole Normale Superieure, 46 rue d Ulm, F 75230 Paris cedex 05, France
    Am Nat 171:91-106. 2008
    ..Nontrophic interactions alter the shape of the relationship between biodiversity and biomass and can profoundly influence ecosystem processes...
  22. ncbi request reprint Does complementary resource use enhance ecosystem functioning? A model of light competition in plant communities
    Shigeo Yachi
    Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto 603 8047, Japan
    Ecol Lett 10:54-62. 2007
    ..We propose an operational measure of light-use complementarity using empirical field data on light absorption to test the presence of complementarity in natural plant communities...
  23. ncbi request reprint Consequences of plant-herbivore coevolution on the dynamics and functioning of ecosystems
    Nicolas Loeuille
    Laboratoire d Ecologie, UMR 7625, Ecole Normale Superieure, 46 rue d Ulm, F 75230 Paris cedex 05, France
    J Theor Biol 217:369-81. 2002
    ..This emphasizes the importance of including explicit nutrient dynamics in studies of plant-herbivore coevolution...
  24. ncbi request reprint Trophic interactions and the relationship between species diversity and ecosystem stability
    Elisa Thébault
    Fonctionnement et Evolution des Systèmes Ecologiques, Unite Mixte de Recherche 7625, Ecole Normale Superieure, 46 rue d Ulm, F 75230 Paris cedex 05, France
    Am Nat 166:E95-114. 2005
    ..Despite the complexity generated by trophic interactions, biodiversity should still act as biological insurance for ecosystem processes, except when mean trophic interaction strength increases strongly with diversity...
  25. ncbi request reprint Nutrient enrichment and food chains: can evolution buffer top-down control?
    Nicolas Loeuille
    Laboratoire d Ecologie, Ecole Normale Superieure, UMR 7625, 46 rue d Ulm, F 75230 Paris, Cedex 05, France
    Theor Popul Biol 65:285-98. 2004
    ..This stresses the need for experimental data on phenotypic traits, their costs and their influence on the interactions between organisms and the rest of the community...
  26. pmc Food-web constraints on biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships
    Elisa Thébault
    Laboratoire d Ecologie, Unite Mixte de Recherche 7625, Ecole Normale Superieure, 46 rue d Ulm, 75230 Paris Cedex 05, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:14949-54. 2003
    ..Our analysis demonstrates that food-web structure can profoundly influence ecosystem properties...
  27. ncbi request reprint Community patterns in source-sink metacommunities
    Nicolas Mouquet
    Department of Biological Science and School of Computational Science and Information Technology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306, USA
    Am Nat 162:544-57. 2003
    ..Our results provide a niche-based alternative to the recent neutral-metacommunity model and have important implications for conservation biology and landscape management...
  28. pmc From selection to complementarity: shifts in the causes of biodiversity-productivity relationships in a long-term biodiversity experiment
    Joseph Fargione
    Department of Ecology, University of Minnesota, St Paul 55108, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 274:871-6. 2007
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Intra- and interspecific density-dependent dispersal in an aquatic prey-predator system
    Celine Hauzy
    UMR7618, Laboratoire Biogéochimie et Ecologie des Milieux Continentaux Bioemco, Ecole Normale Superieure, 46 rue d Ulm, 75230 Paris Cedex 05, France
    J Anim Ecol 76:552-8. 2007
    ..5. Density-dependent dispersal suggests that regional processes depend on local community dynamics. We discuss the potential consequences of density-dependent dispersal on metacommunity dynamics and stability...
  30. ncbi request reprint Spatial flows and the regulation of ecosystems
    Michel Loreau
    Laboratoire d Ecologie, Unite Mixte de Recherche 7625, Ecole Normale Superieure, 46 rue d Ulm, F 75230 Paris cedex 05, France
    Am Nat 163:606-15. 2004
    ..Our analysis emphasizes the need for integration of population, community, and ecosystem perspectives in ecology and the critical consequences of assuming closed versus open systems...
  31. pmc Evolutionary emergence of size-structured food webs
    Nicolas Loeuille
    Laboratoire d Ecologie, Unite Mixte de Recherche 7625, Ecole Normale Superieure, 46 rue d Ulm, F 75230 Paris Cedex 5, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:5761-6. 2005
    ..Variations of two key parameters (width of consumption niche and competition intensity) allow very different food-web structures and functionings to emerge, which are similar to those observed in some of the best-documented food webs...
  32. pmc Biodiversity as spatial insurance in heterogeneous landscapes
    Michel Loreau
    Laboratoire d Ecologie, Unite Mixte de Recherche 7625, Ecole Normale Superieure, 46 rue d Ulm, F 75230 Paris cedex 05, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:12765-70. 2003
    ..Knowledge of spatial processes across ecosystems is critical to predict the effects of landscape changes on both biodiversity and ecosystem functioning and services...
  33. ncbi request reprint Nutrient-limited food webs with up to three trophic levels: feasibility, stability, assembly rules, and effects of nutrient enrichment
    Florence D Hulot
    Laboratoire d Ecologie, UMR 7625, Ecole Normale Superieure, 46, rue d Ulm, 75230 Paris Cedex 05, France
    Theor Popul Biol 69:48-66. 2006
    ..We discuss how community structure constrains assembly rules and yields cascades of extinctions in food webs...
  34. ncbi request reprint Biodiversity science evolves
    Rodolfo Dirzo
    Science 310:943. 2005
  35. pmc Functional diversity of plant-pollinator interaction webs enhances the persistence of plant communities
    Colin Fontaine
    UMR 7618, Biogéochimie et Ecologie des Milieux Continentaux BIOEMCO, Ecole Normale Superieure, Paris, France
    PLoS Biol 4:e1. 2006
    ..Thus, the functional diversity of pollination networks may be critical to ecosystem sustainability...
  36. ncbi request reprint Reconciling empirical ecology with neutral community models
    Marcel Holyoak
    Department of Environmental Science and Policy, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
    Ecology 87:1370-7. 2006
    ..Furthermore, dispersal has its own scales. Thorough empirical tests of neutral models will require both tests of mechanisms and pattern-producing ability, and will involve coupling theoretical models and experiments...
  37. ncbi request reprint Evolution of body size in food webs: does the energetic equivalence rule hold?
    Nicolas Loeuille
    Ecol Lett 9:171-8. 2006
    ..Our model emphasizes the importance of considering the influence of body size on species interactions in attempting to explain large-scale patterns related to body size...
  38. ncbi request reprint [Diversity of plant-pollinator interaction and stability of ecosystems]
    Colin Fontaine
    Med Sci (Paris) 22:817-9. 2006
  39. ncbi request reprint Local facilitation, bistability and transitions in arid ecosystems
    Sonia Kefi
    Department of Environmental Sciences, Utrecht University, Copernicus Institute, P O Box 80115, 3508 TC, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Theor Popul Biol 71:367-79. 2007
    ..Moreover, for arid ecosystems where local facilitation is a driving process, vegetation patchiness indicates proximity to a transition point, but does not allow distinguishing between continuous and discontinuous transitions...
  40. pmc Impacts of plant diversity on biomass production increase through time because of species complementarity
    Bradley J Cardinale
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:18123-8. 2007
    ..Our results suggest that experiments to date have, if anything, underestimated the impacts of species extinction on the productivity of ecosystems...
  41. ncbi request reprint Stoichiometric constraints on resource use, competitive interactions, and elemental cycling in microbial decomposers
    Mehdi Cherif
    Biogéochimie et Ecologie des Milieux Continentaux Laboratory, Unité Mixte de Recherche 7618, Ecole Normale Superieure, Paris Cedex 05, France
    Am Nat 169:709-24. 2007
    ..We expect our predictions to be useful in explaining the community structure of decomposers and their interactions with other consumers of inorganic resources, particularly primary producers...
  42. ncbi request reprint The functional role of biodiversity in ecosystems: incorporating trophic complexity
    J Emmett Duffy
    School of Marine Science and Virginia Institute of Marine Science, The College of William and Mary, Gloucester Point, VA 23062 1346, USA
    Ecol Lett 10:522-38. 2007
    ..Understanding how biodiversity affects functioning of complex ecosystems will benefit from integrating theory and experiments with simulations and network-based approaches...