M S Kramer

Summary

Affiliation: McGill University
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology of adverse pregnancy outcomes: an overview
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Nutr 133:1592S-1596S. 2003
  2. pmc An inventory of Canadian pregnancy and birth cohort studies: research in progress
    Marie Pier Joly
    Department of Sociology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 12:117. 2012
  3. pmc Exposure to parental smoking and child growth and development: a cohort study
    Seungmi Yang
    The Research Institute of McGill University Health Centre, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    BMC Pediatr 13:104. 2013
  4. doi request reprint Maternal stress/distress, hormonal pathways and spontaneous preterm birth
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 27:237-46. 2013
  5. pmc Birth weight differences between preterm stillbirths and live births: analysis of population-based studies from the U.S. and Sweden
    Xun Zhang
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Canada
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 12:119. 2012
  6. doi request reprint Maternal dietary antigen avoidance during pregnancy or lactation, or both, for preventing or treating atopic disease in the child
    Michael S Kramer
    Departments of Pediatrics and Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Canada
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 9:CD000133. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding
    Michael S Kramer
    Departments of Pediatrics and Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Canada
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 8:CD003517. 2012
  8. pmc Amniotic fluid embolism incidence, risk factors and outcomes: a review and recommendations
    Marian Knight
    National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 12:7. 2012
  9. pmc Ongoing monitoring of data clustering in multicenter studies
    Lauren B Guthrie
    Obesity Prevention Program, Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and the Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, USA
    BMC Med Res Methodol 12:29. 2012
  10. doi request reprint Amniotic fluid embolism: incidence, risk factors, and impact on perinatal outcome
    M S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, QC, Canada
    BJOG 119:874-9. 2012

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications114 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology of adverse pregnancy outcomes: an overview
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Nutr 133:1592S-1596S. 2003
    ..More progress is required, however, in understanding the etiology and prevention of preterm birth...
  2. pmc An inventory of Canadian pregnancy and birth cohort studies: research in progress
    Marie Pier Joly
    Department of Sociology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 12:117. 2012
    ....
  3. pmc Exposure to parental smoking and child growth and development: a cohort study
    Seungmi Yang
    The Research Institute of McGill University Health Centre, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    BMC Pediatr 13:104. 2013
    ..Using a cohort of Belarusian children, we examined differences in cognition, behaviors, growth, adiposity, and blood pressure at 6.5 years according to prenatal and postnatal exposure to parental smoking...
  4. doi request reprint Maternal stress/distress, hormonal pathways and spontaneous preterm birth
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 27:237-46. 2013
    ....
  5. pmc Birth weight differences between preterm stillbirths and live births: analysis of population-based studies from the U.S. and Sweden
    Xun Zhang
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Canada
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 12:119. 2012
    ..The objective of this study is to compare birth weights at preterm gestational ages between live births and stillbirths, and between those occurring before or during labour...
  6. doi request reprint Maternal dietary antigen avoidance during pregnancy or lactation, or both, for preventing or treating atopic disease in the child
    Michael S Kramer
    Departments of Pediatrics and Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Canada
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 9:CD000133. 2012
    ..Some breastfed infants with atopic eczema benefit from elimination of cow milk, egg, or other antigens from their mother's diet. Maternal dietary antigens are also known to cross the placenta...
  7. doi request reprint Optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding
    Michael S Kramer
    Departments of Pediatrics and Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Canada
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 8:CD003517. 2012
    ..Much of the recent debate in developed countries has centred on the micronutrient adequacy, as well as the existence and magnitude of health benefits, of this practice...
  8. pmc Amniotic fluid embolism incidence, risk factors and outcomes: a review and recommendations
    Marian Knight
    National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 12:7. 2012
    ....
  9. pmc Ongoing monitoring of data clustering in multicenter studies
    Lauren B Guthrie
    Obesity Prevention Program, Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and the Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, USA
    BMC Med Res Methodol 12:29. 2012
    ..While it is possible to address and correct for some measurement error through statistical analysis, proactive data monitoring is essential to ensure high-quality data collection...
  10. doi request reprint Amniotic fluid embolism: incidence, risk factors, and impact on perinatal outcome
    M S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, QC, Canada
    BJOG 119:874-9. 2012
    ..To extend our previous work on AFE in Canada by including stricter criteria for case identification and by examining risks for stillbirth, neonatal mortality and serious maternal and neonatal morbidity...
  11. doi request reprint Breastfeeding and allergy: the evidence
    Michael S Kramer
    Departments of Pediatrics and Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Ann Nutr Metab 59:20-6. 2011
    ..In addition, I also incorporate the evidence from our long-term follow-up of Belarusian children participating in a cluster-randomized trial of a breastfeeding promotion intervention...
  12. pmc Smoking in preeclamptic women is associated with higher birthweight for gestational age and lower soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 levels: a nested case control study
    Susan R Kahn
    Department of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:91. 2011
    ....
  13. pmc Does one size fit all? The case for ethnic-specific standards of fetal growth
    William J Kierans
    The British Columbia Vital Statistics Agency, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 8:1. 2008
    ..Although the need for different standards for males and females is generally acknowledged, the physiologic vs pathologic nature of ethnic differences in fetal growth is hotly debated and remains unresolved...
  14. pmc Perinatal outcomes in a South Asian setting with high rates of low birth weight
    Kuryan George
    Department of Community Health, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 9:5. 2009
    ..We addressed these and related issues by studying births in Kaniyambadi, South India, with births from Nova Scotia, Canada serving as a reference...
  15. ncbi request reprint Effects of prolonged and exclusive breastfeeding on child height, weight, adiposity, and blood pressure at age 6.5 y: evidence from a large randomized trial
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, PQ, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:1717-21. 2007
    ..The evidence that breastfeeding protects against obesity and a variety of chronic diseases comes almost entirely from observational studies, which have a potential for bias due to confounding, selection bias, and selective publication...
  16. ncbi request reprint The effect of prolonged and exclusive breast-feeding on dental caries in early school-age children. New evidence from a large randomized trial
    M S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Canada
    Caries Res 41:484-8. 2007
    ..Our results, based on the largest randomized trial ever conducted in the area of human lactation, provide no evidence of beneficial or harmful effects of prolonged and exclusive breast-feeding on dental caries at early school age...
  17. pmc Effect of prolonged and exclusive breast feeding on risk of allergy and asthma: cluster randomised trial
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Canada
    BMJ 335:815. 2007
    ..To assess whether exclusive and prolonged breast feeding reduces the risk of childhood asthma and allergy by age 6.5 years...
  18. ncbi request reprint Amniotic-fluid embolism and medical induction of labour: a retrospective, population-based cohort study
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Paediatrics and Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Lancet 368:1444-8. 2006
    ..We undertook an epidemiological study to investigate the association between amniotic-fluid embolism and medical induction of labour...
  19. ncbi request reprint Aerobic exercise for women during pregnancy
    M S Kramer
    Faculty of Medicine, 1020 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 1A2
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 3:CD000180. 2006
    ..Many pregnant women wish to engage in aerobic exercise during pregnancy but are concerned about possible adverse effects on the outcome of pregnancy...
  20. ncbi request reprint Maternal dietary antigen avoidance during pregnancy or lactation, or both, for preventing or treating atopic disease in the child
    M S Kramer
    McGill University, Faculty of Medicine, 1020 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 1A2
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 3:CD000133. 2006
    ..Some breastfed infants with atopic eczema benefit from elimination of cow milk, egg, or other antigens from their mother's diet. Maternal dietary antigens are also known to cross the placenta...
  21. ncbi request reprint US Black vs White disparities in foetal growth: physiological or pathological?
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Int J Epidemiol 35:1187-95. 2006
    ..Birthweight for gestational age is lower in US Black infants than in US White infants. It is unknown, however, whether this difference is 'normal' (i.e. physiological) or reflects pathological foetal growth restriction...
  22. ncbi request reprint Intra- and interobserver agreement and statistical clustering of placental histopathologic features relevant to preterm birth
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 195:1674-9. 2006
    ..Many previous studies of agreement in identifying placental histopathologic lesions have been based on small sample sizes, and none has examined whether individual histologic features cluster robustly together within and between observers...
  23. ncbi request reprint Does reducing infant mortality depend on preventing low birthweight? An analysis of temporal trends in the Americas
    Michael S Kramer
    Departments of Pediatrics and of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 19:445-51. 2005
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Feeding effects on growth during infancy
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University, Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Pediatr 145:600-5. 2004
    ..To examine the effects of formula, other milks, other liquids, cereals, and other solid foods on growth during infancy...
  25. ncbi request reprint The optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding: a systematic review
    Michael S Kramer
    Departments of Pediatrics and of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 1A2
    Adv Exp Med Biol 554:63-77. 2004
    ....
  26. doi request reprint The low prevalence of allergic disease in Eastern Europe: are risk factors consistent with the hygiene hypothesis?
    M S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University, Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Canada
    Clin Exp Allergy 39:708-16. 2009
    ..The prevalence of allergic disease is known to be low in Eastern Europe...
  27. doi request reprint Effects of prolonged and exclusive breastfeeding on child behavior and maternal adjustment: evidence from a large, randomized trial
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Pediatrics 121:e435-40. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to assess the long-term effects of breastfeeding on child behavior and maternal adjustment...
  28. pmc Breastfeeding and infant size: evidence of reverse causality
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 173:978-83. 2011
    ....
  29. doi request reprint Non-stress-related factors associated with maternal corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) concentration
    Michael S Kramer
    Departments of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, and Département de médecine sociale et préventive, Faculte de Medecine de l Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 24:390-7. 2010
    ..Further studies are indicated both in animal models and human populations to better understand the biochemical and physiological pathways to CRH secretion and their aetiological role, if any, in preterm birth...
  30. doi request reprint Mid-trimester maternal plasma cytokines and CRP as predictors of spontaneous preterm birth
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Que, Canada
    Cytokine 49:10-4. 2010
    ..Our results require confirmation in future studies but suggest that a systemic immune response implicating MMP-9 may have an etiologic role in spontaneous preterm birth...
  31. doi request reprint Health and development outcomes in 6.5-y-old children breastfed exclusively for 3 or 6 mo
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 90:1070-4. 2009
    ..Despite the current World Health Organization recommendation that infants be exclusively breastfed for 6 mo, this practice remains unusual in both developed and developing countries...
  32. doi request reprint Antioxidant vitamins, long-chain fatty acids, and spontaneous preterm birth
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Epidemiology 20:707-13. 2009
    ..However, there has been little attention to carotenoids, tocopherols, and long-chain fatty acids other than n-3 polyunsaturates...
  33. doi request reprint Investigating socio-economic disparities in preterm birth: evidence for selective study participation and selection bias
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Médecine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 23:301-9. 2009
    ..Investigators should consider the potential for biased associations in pregnancy/birth cohort studies, especially associations based on SES or race/ethnicity, and carry out sensitivity analyses to gauge their effects...
  34. doi request reprint Stress pathways to spontaneous preterm birth: the role of stressors, psychological distress, and stress hormones
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 169:1319-26. 2009
    ..The biologic pathways underlying stress-induced preterm birth remain poorly understood...
  35. doi request reprint Vasculopathic and thrombophilic risk factors for spontaneous preterm birth
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Int J Epidemiol 38:715-23. 2009
    ..Mothers who give birth to preterm infants are at increased risk of mortality from coronary heart disease and stroke, but the biological pathways underlying these associations have not been explored...
  36. doi request reprint A randomized breast-feeding promotion intervention did not reduce child obesity in Belarus
    Michael S Kramer
    Departments of Pediatrics and of 5Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, QC, Canada
    J Nutr 139:417S-21S. 2009
    ..5 y. Previous reports of protective effects against obesity may reflect uncontrolled bias caused by confounding and selection...
  37. doi request reprint Breastfeeding and child cognitive development: new evidence from a large randomized trial
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:578-84. 2008
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint Commentary: Maternal nutrition, body proportions at birth, and adult chronic disease
    Michael S Kramer
    McGill University, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2300 Tupper Street, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3H 1P3
    Int J Epidemiol 33:837-8. 2004
  39. ncbi request reprint Does previous infection protect against atopic eczema and recurrent wheeze in infancy?
    M S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Canada
    Clin Exp Allergy 34:753-6. 2004
    ....
  40. ncbi request reprint Analysis of perinatal mortality and its components: time for a change?
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 156:493-7. 2002
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint Breastfeeding and infant growth: biology or bias?
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Pediatrics 110:343-7. 2002
    ..This evidence, however, is based on observational studies, which are unable to separate the effects of feeding mode per se from selection bias, reverse causality, and the confounding effects of maternal attitudinal factors...
  42. ncbi request reprint Randomized trials and public health interventions: time to end the scientific double standard
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Clin Perinatol 30:351-61, x. 2003
    ..After contrasting that tradition with the status quo, this article concludes with a plea to reject the double scientific standard of what constitutes acceptable evidence of efficacy for clinical versus public health interventions...
  43. ncbi request reprint Infant growth and health outcomes associated with 3 compared with 6 mo of exclusive breastfeeding
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:291-5. 2003
    ....
  44. doi request reprint "Breast is best": The evidence
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University, Canada
    Early Hum Dev 86:729-32. 2010
    ..Its experimental design and intention-to-treat analysis have yielded important findings bearing on several of these longer-term health and developmental outcomes...
  45. ncbi request reprint Registration artifacts in international comparisons of infant mortality
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Canada
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 16:16-22. 2002
    ..International comparisons and rankings of infant mortality should be interpreted with caution...
  46. ncbi request reprint A new and improved population-based Canadian reference for birth weight for gestational age
    M S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Canada
    Pediatrics 108:E35. 2001
    ....
  47. ncbi request reprint Secular trends in preterm birth: a hospital-based cohort study
    M S Kramer
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine and the Royal Victoria Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    JAMA 280:1849-54. 1998
    ..Canada and the United States have reported a recent increase in the incidence of preterm birth, but the reasons for this increase are unknown...
  48. ncbi request reprint Promotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial (PROBIT): a randomized trial in the Republic of Belarus
    M S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    JAMA 285:413-20. 2001
    ..Potential sources of bias in such studies have led to doubts about the magnitude of these health benefits in industrialized countries...
  49. ncbi request reprint Detecting and eliminating erroneous gestational ages: a normal mixture model
    R W Platt
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    Stat Med 20:3491-503. 2001
    ..The new method gives the best birth weight distributions for gestational age and the most realistic gestational-age-specific mortality rates, while each of the other methods has at least one significant flaw...
  50. doi request reprint Decreased term and postterm birthweight in the United States: impact of labor induction
    Xun Zhang
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 203:124.e1-7. 2010
    ..We sought to assess recent trends in falling mean birthweight (BW) and gestational age (GA) among US non-Hispanic white singleton live births >or=37 weeks of gestation and the contribution of increased rates of induction to these trends...
  51. pmc Reduced birthweight in short or primiparous mothers: physiological or pathological?
    X Zhang
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University, Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, QC, Canada
    BJOG 117:1248-54. 2010
    ..Maternal height and parity are among the characteristics widely assumed to be physiological. Our objective was to test that assumption by using an association with perinatal mortality as evidence of a pathological effect...
  52. ncbi request reprint The use of customised versus population-based birthweight standards in predicting perinatal mortality
    X Zhang
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    BJOG 114:474-7. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to critically examine potential artifacts and biases underlying the use of 'customised' standards of birthweight for gestational age (GA)...
  53. doi request reprint Customised birthweight percentiles: does adjusting for maternal characteristics matter?
    J A Hutcheon
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    BJOG 115:1397-404. 2008
    ....
  54. doi request reprint Influence of ultrasound-to-delivery interval and maternal-fetal characteristics on validity of estimated fetal weight
    J M Cohen
    Department of Biostatistics, The Montreal Children s Hospital Research Institute, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 35:434-41. 2010
    ....
  55. ncbi request reprint Socio-economic disparities in pregnancy outcome: why do the poor fare so poorly?
    M S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University, Canada
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 14:194-210. 2000
    ....
  56. ncbi request reprint Risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes among Inuit and North American Indian women in Quebec, 1985-97
    Zhong Cheng Luo
    Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and of Pediatrics, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 18:40-50. 2004
    ....
  57. ncbi request reprint Are babies born to short, primiparous, or thin mothers "normally" or "abnormally" small?
    Xun Zhang
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Pediatr 150:603-7, 607.e1-3. 2007
    ..To examine whether the smaller size of infants born to primiparous, short, or thin mothers is associated with increased risks of perinatal mortality...
  58. ncbi request reprint Why are babies getting bigger? Temporal trends in fetal growth and its determinants
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Pediatr 141:538-42. 2002
    ..To describe temporal trends in fetal "growth" and to examine the roles of sociodemographic, anthropometric, and other determinants...
  59. doi request reprint The rise in singleton preterm births in the USA: the impact of labour induction
    X Zhang
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, QC, Canada
    BJOG 119:1309-15. 2012
    ..To assess the extent to which increased rates of labour induction and caesarean section have contributed to the recent rise in preterm birth...
  60. ncbi request reprint Maternal anthropometric risk factors for caesarean delivery before or after onset of labour
    A Sherrard
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    BJOG 114:1088-96. 2007
    ..To quantify the effects of pre-pregnancy body mass and gestational weight gain, above and beyond their known effects on birthweight, on the risk of primary and repeat caesarean delivery performed before or after the onset of labour...
  61. ncbi request reprint The contribution of mild and moderate preterm birth to infant mortality. Fetal and Infant Health Study Group of the Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System
    M S Kramer
    1020 Pine Ave W, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 1A2
    JAMA 284:843-9. 2000
    ..However, infants born at 32 through 36 weeks are more common and their public health impact has not been well studied...
  62. ncbi request reprint Socio-economic disparities in preterm birth: causal pathways and mechanisms
    M S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University, 1020 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 1A2
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 15:104-23. 2001
    ..This improved understanding should help not only in developing strategies to reduce the disparities but also in suggesting preventive interventions applicable across the entire socio-economic spectrum...
  63. ncbi request reprint Role of the complete blood count in detecting occult focal bacterial infection in the young febrile child
    M S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Clin Epidemiol 46:349-57. 1993
    ..abstract truncated at 250 words)..
  64. doi request reprint Variations in mortality and morbidity by gestational age among infants born at term
    Xun Zhang
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Quebec, Canada
    J Pediatr 154:358-62, 362.e1. 2009
    ..To examine the risks of infant death and neonatal morbidity by week of gestation at term...
  65. ncbi request reprint Postterm infants: too big or too small?
    F H McLean
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 164:619-24. 1991
    ..No evidence of postterm weight loss or lower weight for length could be demonstrated. Concern in postterm pregnancy should be for fetal macrosomia, not for intrauterine growth retardation...
  66. ncbi request reprint Aminorex, dexfenfluramine, and primary pulmonary hypertension
    M S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Clin Epidemiol 51:361-4. 1998
    ..This led to warnings of a repeat epidemic, especially after the introduction of dexfenfluramine on the North American market...
  67. ncbi request reprint Public policy and breast-feeding: a straightforward and significant solution
    Jody Heymann
    Institute for Health and Social Policy, McGill University, Montreal, QC
    Can J Public Health 100:381-3. 2009
    ..Solutions exist: extending current policies to ensure adequate maternity leave is available for all Canadians, legislating a right to breast-feed while working, and adapting workplaces to make this practical...
  68. doi request reprint Gestational age differences in health and development among young Swedish men born at term
    Seungmi Yang
    Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Int J Epidemiol 39:1240-9. 2010
    ....
  69. doi request reprint Inherited thrombophilia and preeclampsia within a multicenter cohort: the Montreal Preeclampsia Study
    Susan R Kahn
    Department of Medicine, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 200:151.e1-9; discussion e1-5. 2009
    ..We sought to evaluate the association between inherited thrombophilia and preeclampsia...
  70. ncbi request reprint Determinants and consequences of discrepancies in menstrual and ultrasonographic gestational age estimates
    Isabelle Morin
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    BJOG 112:145-52. 2005
    ....
  71. doi request reprint Hair biomarkers as measures of maternal tobacco smoke exposure and predictors of fetal growth
    Nisha D Almeida
    Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, 1140 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1A3, Canada
    Nicotine Tob Res 13:328-35. 2011
    ..We used hair biomarkers to compare the associations of maternal self-reported smoking, hair nicotine, and hair cotinine with birth weight for gestational age (BW for GA) among active and passive smokers during pregnancy...
  72. pmc Variation in child cognitive ability by week of gestation among healthy term births
    Seungmi Yang
    The Research Institute of McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec H3Z 2Z3, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 171:399-406. 2010
    ..These findings suggest that, even among healthy children born at term, cognitive ability at age 6.5 years is lower in those born at 37 or 38 weeks and those with suboptimal fetal growth...
  73. ncbi request reprint Disparities in pregnancy outcomes according to marital and cohabitation status
    Zhong Cheng Luo
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Obstet Gynecol 103:1300-7. 2004
    ..To assess the risks and trends of adverse pregnancy outcomes among mothers in common-law unions versus traditional marriage relationships...
  74. pmc Effect of neighbourhood income and maternal education on birth outcomes: a population-based study
    Zhong Cheng Luo
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University, Montreal, Que
    CMAJ 174:1415-20. 2006
    ..We sought to determine the extent to which associations between adverse birth outcomes and SES can be identified using individual-level measures (maternal level of education) and community-level measures (neighbourhood income)...
  75. ncbi request reprint A head-to-head comparison: "clean-void" bag versus catheter urinalysis in the diagnosis of urinary tract infection in young children
    David McGillivray
    Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, and Clinical Research Centre, Montreal Children s Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Pediatr 147:451-6. 2005
    ..To compare the validity of the urinalysis on clean-voided bag versus catheter urine specimens using the catheter culture as the "gold" standard...
  76. pmc Risks of stillbirth and early neonatal death by day of week
    Zhong Cheng Luo
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    CMAJ 170:337-41. 2004
    ..It is unclear whether such higher risks have persisted in recent years. We investigated weekend-associated risks of stillbirth and early neonatal death in most Canadian provinces...
  77. ncbi request reprint Fetal deaths in the United States, 1997 vs 1991
    Hongbo Yuan
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 193:489-95. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the temporal change in fetal death risk in the US from 1991 to 1997, and to assess the extent to which changes in registration practices and labor induction have contributed to that change...
  78. doi request reprint Incidence and risk factors of amniotic fluid embolisms: a population-based study on 3 million births in the United States
    Haim A Abenhaim
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, CHU Sainte Justine, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 199:49.e1-8. 2008
    ..Given the rarity of its occurrence, current estimates and predictors of the incidence and outcomes are often difficult to obtain...
  79. ncbi request reprint To clean or not to clean: effect on contamination rates in midstream urine collections in toilet-trained children
    Suzanne Vaillancourt
    Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Montreal Children s Hospital, Place Tourelles, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3H 1P3
    Pediatrics 119:e1288-93. 2007
    ..Our objective was to assess the effect of perineal/genital cleaning on bacterial contamination rates of midstream urine collections in toilet-trained children...
  80. ncbi request reprint Infant mortality among First Nations versus non-First Nations in British Columbia: temporal trends in rural versus urban areas, 1981-2000
    Zhong Cheng Luo
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University, Canada
    Int J Epidemiol 33:1252-9. 2004
    ..Increasingly more First Nations (FN) people have moved from rural to urban areas. It is unknown how disparities in infant mortality among FN versus non-FN women have changed over time in urban versus rural areas...
  81. ncbi request reprint A proportional hazards model with time-dependent covariates and time-varying effects for analysis of fetal and infant death
    Robert W Platt
    Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 160:199-206. 2004
    ..Modeling post-LMP mortality eliminates the crossover paradox for race and maternal smoking in a single statistical model...
  82. ncbi request reprint Postpartum weight loss and infant feeding
    L N Haiek
    Department of Epidemiology, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Am Board Fam Pract 14:85-94. 2001
    ..This information should be useful in counseling new or prospective mothers and in avoiding unrealistic expectations...
  83. ncbi request reprint Critical pediatric equipment availability in Canadian hospital emergency departments
    D McGillivray
    Departments of Pediatrics, Division of Emergency Medicine, Montreal Children s Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Ann Emerg Med 37:371-6. 2001
    ..The objectives of this study were to assess the availability of pediatric resuscitation equipment items in Canadian hospital EDs and to identify risk factors for the unavailability of these items...
  84. ncbi request reprint Pacifier use, early weaning, and cry/fuss behavior: a randomized controlled trial
    M S Kramer
    1020 Pine Ave W, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 1A2
    JAMA 286:322-6. 2001
    ..Observational studies have reported a strong association between pacifier use and early weaning, but such studies are unable to determine whether the association is causal...
  85. ncbi request reprint Disparities in birth outcomes by neighborhood income: temporal trends in rural and urban areas, british columbia
    Zhong Cheng Luo
    Department of Epidemiology, McGill University, British Columbia, Canada
    Epidemiology 15:679-86. 2004
    ..It is unclear how disparities in birth outcomes by socioeconomic status have changed over time, particularly in settings with universal health insurance and favorable socioeconomic conditions...
  86. ncbi request reprint Maternal nutrition and adverse pregnancy outcomes: lessons from epidemiology
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University, Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Nestle Nutr Workshop Ser Pediatr Program 55:1-10; discussion 11-5. 2005
  87. ncbi request reprint How does early ultrasound scan estimation of gestational age lead to higher rates of preterm birth?
    Hong Yang
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 186:433-7. 2002
    ....
  88. pmc Preventing preterm birth: are we making any progress?
    M S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Yale J Biol Med 70:227-32. 1997
    ....
  89. ncbi request reprint Effects of duration and age at onset of type 1 diabetes on preclinical manifestations of nephropathy
    Keith N Drummond
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Diabetes 52:1818-24. 2003
    ..Our results may explain the conflicting results of previous studies regarding the effects of pre-versus postpuberty disease duration...
  90. doi request reprint How big is too big? The perinatal consequences of fetal macrosomia
    Xun Zhang
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 198:517.e1-6. 2008
    ....
  91. ncbi request reprint Relationship of prenatal diagnosis and pregnancy termination to overall infant mortality in Canada
    Shiliang Liu
    Health Surveillance and Epidemiology Division, HPB Bldg 7, Tunney s Pasture AL 0701D, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A OL2
    JAMA 287:1561-7. 2002
    ..Prenatal diagnosis and termination of affected pregnancies can prevent infant deaths due to congenital anomalies, but an effect at the population level has not been shown...
  92. pmc Maternal mortality and severe morbidity associated with low-risk planned cesarean delivery versus planned vaginal delivery at term
    Shiliang Liu
    Health Surveillance and Epidemiology Division, Centre for Health Promotion, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ont
    CMAJ 176:455-60. 2007
    ..The rate of elective primary cesarean delivery continues to rise, owing in part to the widespread perception that the procedure is of little or no risk to healthy women...
  93. ncbi request reprint The association between low birth weight and type 2 diabetes: contribution of genetic factors
    Stefan Johansson
    Departments of Medical Epidemiology, and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Epidemiology 19:659-65. 2008
    ..Poor fetal nutrition has been suggested to explain this association. Our objective was to determine whether genetic factors contribute to the association between low birth weight and subsequent risk of type 2 diabetes...
  94. ncbi request reprint Reconciling the high rates of preterm and postterm birth in the United States
    K S Joseph
    Perinatal Epidemiology Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Pediatrics, Dalhousie University and the IWK Health Centre, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Obstet Gynecol 109:813-22. 2007
    ..We attempted to explain these differences based on differences in the method of gestational age estimation...
  95. ncbi request reprint Obstetric intervention, stillbirth, and preterm birth
    K S Joseph
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Semin Perinatol 26:250-9. 2002
    ..Obstetric intervention at preterm gestation, when indicated, can prevent stillbirth and reduce infant morbidity and mortality despite the increasing rates of preterm delivery...
  96. ncbi request reprint Determinants of intrapartum fetal death in a remote and indigent population in China
    Shi Wu Wen
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Clinical Epidemiology Program, University of Ottawa Faculty of Medicine, Ontario, Canada
    J Perinatol 24:77-81. 2004
    ..To explore the reasons for the high rate of intrapartum fetal death observed in a remote and indigent population in China...
  97. ncbi request reprint Genetic and shared environmental factors do not confound the association between birth weight and hypertension: a study among Swedish twins
    Niklas Bergvall
    Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, PO Box 281, SE 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    Circulation 115:2931-8. 2007
    ..Studies have found associations between low birth weight and increased risks of cardiovascular diseases in adulthood. However, these associations could be due to confounding by genetic or socioeconomic factors...
  98. ncbi request reprint Sudden infant death syndrome in Canada: trends in rates and risk factors, 1985-1998
    I D Rusen
    Health Surveillance and Epidemiology Division, Centre for Healthy Human Development, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Chronic Dis Can 25:1-6. 2004
    ..However, the lack of reliable risk factor data limits the extent to which the decline can be attributed directly to the campaign...
  99. ncbi request reprint The impact of missing birth weight in deceased versus surviving fetuses and infants in the comparison of birth weight-specific feto-infant mortality
    Shi Wu Wen
    The Ottawa Hospital General Campus, 501 Smyth Road, Box 201, Ottawa, Ontario Canada K1H 8L6 fax 613 739 6266 e mail
    Chronic Dis Can 23:146-51. 2002
    ..The authors concluded that differences in missing birth weight information between deaths and survivors can bias comparisons of birth weight-specific feto-infant mortality...
  100. ncbi request reprint An analysis of antenatal hospitalization in Canada, 1991-2003
    Shiliang Liu
    Health Surveillance and Epidemiology Division, Centre for Health Promotion, Public Health Agency of Canada, Tunney s Pasture, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Matern Child Health J 11:181-7. 2007
    ..To examine the incidence and temporal trends of hospitalization during pregnancy, and provide additional information on maternal morbidity among Canadian women...
  101. ncbi request reprint The early natural history of nephropathy in Type 1 Diabetes: III. Predictors of 5-year urinary albumin excretion rate patterns in initially normoalbuminuric patients
    Julia M Steinke
    Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, 420 Delaware St, SE, MMC 491, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Diabetes 54:2164-71. 2005
    ..Since 64% of the patients that developed microalbuminuria reverted to normoalbuminuria, the risk of diabetic nephropathy as defined by current microalbuminuria criteria is unclear...