L J Kirmayer

Summary

Affiliation: McGill University
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Affective disorders in cultural context
    L J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Psychiatr Clin North Am 24:465-78, vii. 2001
  2. ncbi request reprint Understanding immigrants' reluctance to use mental health services: a qualitative study from Montreal
    Rob Whitley
    New Hampshire Dartmouth Psychiatric Research Center, Lebanon 03766, USA
    Can J Psychiatry 51:205-9. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint Use of health care services for psychological distress by immigrants in an urban multicultural milieu
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec
    Can J Psychiatry 52:295-304. 2007
  4. doi request reprint Cultural competence and evidence-based practice in mental health: epistemic communities and the politics of pluralism
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 75:249-56. 2012
  5. doi request reprint Multicultural medicine and the politics of recognition
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Culture and Mental Health Research Unit, Institute of Community and Family Psychiatry, Jewish General Hospital, 4333 Cote Sainte Catherine Road, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Med Philos 36:410-23. 2011
  6. ncbi request reprint Cultural models and somatic syndromes
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Institute of Community and Family Psychiatry, Sir Mortimer B Davis Jewish General Hospital, 4333 Cote Ste Catherine Rd, Montreal, Quebec H3T 1E4, Canada
    Psychosom Med 69:832-40. 2007
  7. ncbi request reprint Cultural consultation: a model of mental health service for multicultural societies
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Culture and Mental Health Research Unit, Sir Mortimer B Davis Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec
    Can J Psychiatry 48:145-53. 2003
  8. ncbi request reprint Asklepian dreams: the ethos of the wounded-healer in the clinical encounter
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, McGill University
    Transcult Psychiatry 40:248-77. 2003
  9. ncbi request reprint Psychotherapy and the cultural concept of the person
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Canada
    Transcult Psychiatry 44:232-57. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint The place of culture in forensic psychiatry
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Jewish General Hospital, 4333 Cote Ste Catherine Road, Montreal QC H3T 1E4, Canada
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 35:98-102. 2007

Detail Information

Publications56

  1. ncbi request reprint Affective disorders in cultural context
    L J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Psychiatr Clin North Am 24:465-78, vii. 2001
    ..This article discusses some implications of these findings for the recognition and treatment of affective disorders among culturally diverse populations in primary care and mental health care settings...
  2. ncbi request reprint Understanding immigrants' reluctance to use mental health services: a qualitative study from Montreal
    Rob Whitley
    New Hampshire Dartmouth Psychiatric Research Center, Lebanon 03766, USA
    Can J Psychiatry 51:205-9. 2006
    ..This paper explores the reasons for underuse of conventional mental health services in a community sample of immigrants with identified emotional and somatic symptoms...
  3. ncbi request reprint Use of health care services for psychological distress by immigrants in an urban multicultural milieu
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec
    Can J Psychiatry 52:295-304. 2007
    ..Research in the United States tends to attribute low rates of use of mental health services by immigrants to economic barriers. The purpose of our study was to examine this issue in the context of Canada's universal health care system...
  4. doi request reprint Cultural competence and evidence-based practice in mental health: epistemic communities and the politics of pluralism
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 75:249-56. 2012
    ....
  5. doi request reprint Multicultural medicine and the politics of recognition
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Culture and Mental Health Research Unit, Institute of Community and Family Psychiatry, Jewish General Hospital, 4333 Cote Sainte Catherine Road, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Med Philos 36:410-23. 2011
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Cultural models and somatic syndromes
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Institute of Community and Family Psychiatry, Sir Mortimer B Davis Jewish General Hospital, 4333 Cote Ste Catherine Rd, Montreal, Quebec H3T 1E4, Canada
    Psychosom Med 69:832-40. 2007
    ..To review the relevance of cultural models in the generation and amplification of somatic symptoms and syndromes...
  7. ncbi request reprint Cultural consultation: a model of mental health service for multicultural societies
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Culture and Mental Health Research Unit, Sir Mortimer B Davis Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec
    Can J Psychiatry 48:145-53. 2003
    ..Cultural consultations were based on an expanded version of the DSM-IV cultural formulation and made use of cultural consultants and culture brokers...
  8. ncbi request reprint Asklepian dreams: the ethos of the wounded-healer in the clinical encounter
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, McGill University
    Transcult Psychiatry 40:248-77. 2003
    ..The ethos of the wounded-healer has implications for the training of clinicians, as well as for the ethics and pragmatics of clinical work...
  9. ncbi request reprint Psychotherapy and the cultural concept of the person
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Canada
    Transcult Psychiatry 44:232-57. 2007
    ..Intercultural psychotherapy must consider the cultural concept of the person implicit in therapeutic discourse and practice to determine how well it fits or conflicts with the concepts, values and way of life of the patient...
  10. ncbi request reprint The place of culture in forensic psychiatry
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Jewish General Hospital, 4333 Cote Ste Catherine Road, Montreal QC H3T 1E4, Canada
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 35:98-102. 2007
    ..Cultural factors are not only relevant to the experience of specific groups but pervade the entire judicial system shaping the process of moral and legal reasoning...
  11. ncbi request reprint Explaining medically unexplained symptoms
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec
    Can J Psychiatry 49:663-72. 2004
    ..This provides an entree to applying the symptom-focused strategies of behavioural medicine to address the psychosocial factors that contribute to chronicity and disability...
  12. ncbi request reprint Beyond the 'new cross-cultural psychiatry': cultural biology, discursive psychology and the ironies of globalization
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, McGill University
    Transcult Psychiatry 43:126-44. 2006
    ..Cultural psychiatry must address these ironies to develop the self-critical awareness and flexibility needed to deliver humane care in shifting contexts...
  13. ncbi request reprint Abnormal illness behaviour: physiological, psychological and social dimensions of coping with distress
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, and Department of Psychiatry, Sir Mortimer B Davis Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Curr Opin Psychiatry 19:54-60. 2006
    ..This review summarizes recent work from sociology, health psychology and psychiatry that contributes to an understanding of the processes that may underlie abnormal illness behaviour...
  14. ncbi request reprint Culture, context and experience in psychiatric diagnosis
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    Psychopathology 38:192-6. 2005
    ....
  15. doi request reprint Use of an expanded version of the DSM-IV outline for cultural formulation on a cultural consultation service
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Department of Psychiatry, Sir Mortimer B Davis Jewish General Hospital, 4333 Cote Ste Catherine Rd, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3T 1E4
    Psychiatr Serv 59:683-6. 2008
    ....
  16. doi request reprint Training clinicians in cultural psychiatry: a Canadian perspective
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Acad Psychiatry 32:313-9. 2008
    ..The authors summarize the pedagogical approaches and curriculum used in the training of clinicians in cultural psychiatry at the Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University...
  17. doi request reprint Training researchers in cultural psychiatry: the McGill-CIHR Strategic Training Program
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    Acad Psychiatry 32:320-6. 2008
    ..The authors aim to summarize the pedagogical approaches and curriculum used in the training of researchers in cultural psychiatry at the Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry at McGill University...
  18. pmc Common mental health problems in immigrants and refugees: general approach in primary care
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Que
    CMAJ 183:E959-67. 2011
    ..We aimed to identify risk factors and strategies in the approach to mental health assessment and to prevention and treatment of common mental health problems for immigrants in primary care...
  19. ncbi request reprint Cultural variations in the clinical presentation of depression and anxiety: implications for diagnosis and treatment
    L J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Sir Mortimer B Davis Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec
    J Clin Psychiatry 62:22-8; discussion 29-30. 2001
    ..Implications of these findings for the recognition and treatment of depressive disorders among culturally diverse populations in primary care and mental health settings are discussed...
  20. ncbi request reprint Rethinking resilience from indigenous perspectives
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec
    Can J Psychiatry 56:84-91. 2011
    ..This social-ecological view of resilience has important implications for mental health promotion, policy, and clinical practice...
  21. ncbi request reprint Culture and somatization: clinical, epidemiological, and ethnographic perspectives
    L J Kirmayer
    Sir Mortimer B Davis Jewish General Hospital, and Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Psychosom Med 60:420-30. 1998
    ..The cross-cultural prevalence of somatization and the limitations of current nosology and psychiatric theory for interpreting cultural variations in somatization are reviewed...
  22. ncbi request reprint The future of cultural psychiatry: an international perspective
    L J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec
    Can J Psychiatry 45:438-46. 2000
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint The mental health of Aboriginal peoples: transformations of identity and community
    L J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University
    Can J Psychiatry 45:607-16. 2000
    ..Cultural psychiatry can contribute to rethinking mental health services and health promotion for indigenous populations and communities...
  24. ncbi request reprint Attempted suicide among Inuit youth: psychosocial correlates and implications for prevention
    L J Kirmayer
    Department of Psychiatry, Sir Mortimer B Davis Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec
    Can J Psychiatry 43:816-22. 1998
    ..To identify potential risk and protective factors associated with attempted suicide among Inuit youth, a population known to have a high rate of both attempted and completed suicide in recent years...
  25. ncbi request reprint Culture and context in the evolutionary concept of mental disorder
    L J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Abnorm Psychol 108:446-52. 1999
    ..Useful refinements of our concepts of disorder have come from analyses of the nature of action and intentionality. What are most needed now are careful analyses of the social embedding of our concepts in cultural knowledge and practice...
  26. ncbi request reprint The persistence of mind-brain dualism in psychiatric reasoning about clinical scenarios
    Marc J Miresco
    Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, 1033 Pine Ave West, Montreal, Que, Canada H3A 1A1
    Am J Psychiatry 163:913-8. 2006
    ..The goal of this study was to confirm these observations...
  27. ncbi request reprint GPs' strategies in intercultural clinical encounters
    Ellen Rosenberg
    Department of Family Medicine, McGill University and St Mary s Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Fam Pract 24:145-51. 2007
    ..In North America and Europe, patients and physicians are increasingly likely to come from non-Western cultural backgrounds. The expectations of these patients may not match those of physicians...
  28. ncbi request reprint A brief scale to assess hospital doctors' attitudes toward collaborative care for mental health
    Brett D Thombs
    Department Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec
    Can J Psychiatry 55:264-7. 2010
    ..Our objective was to develop and assess the reliability and validity of the Doctors' Attitudes Toward Collaborative Care for Mental Health (DACC-MH) Scale...
  29. doi request reprint Spiritual reconfigurations of self after a myocardial infarction: Influence of culture and place
    Danielle Groleau
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Que, Canada
    Health Place 16:853-60. 2010
    ..Results illustrate how place and culture interact to shape illness experience and recovery trajectories after a life-threatening health event...
  30. ncbi request reprint Religious practice and psychological distress: the importance of gender, ethnicity and immigrant status
    G Eric Jarvis
    Cultural Consultation Service, McGill University
    Transcult Psychiatry 42:657-75. 2005
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Breastfeeding and the cultural configuration of social space among Vietnamese immigrant woman
    Danielle Groleau
    Culture and Mental Health Research Unit, Sir Mortimer B Davis Jewish General Hospital and Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University
    Health Place 12:516-26. 2006
    ..Culturally appropriate strategies to promote breastfeeding among migrants must consider the social and spatial organization of cultural practices...
  32. ncbi request reprint Correlates of illness worry in chronic fatigue syndrome
    Suzanne S Taillefer
    Department of Psychology, Universite de Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Psychosom Res 54:331-7. 2003
    ..Pathological symptom attributions, personality traits, and depression have all been hypothesized to contribute to illness worry...
  33. ncbi request reprint Behavioral medicine approaches to somatoform disorders
    Karl J Looper
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Consult Clin Psychol 70:810-27. 2002
    ..On the basis of this review of the existing research and a theoretical model of the processes involved in somatoform disorders, the authors offer suggestions for future research and effective treatment...
  34. ncbi request reprint Determinants of the diagnosis of psychological problems by primary care physicians in patients with normal GHQ-28 scores
    Ellen Rosenberg
    McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry 24:322-7. 2002
    ..46). For the 28% of patients who themselves perceived a psychological element of their problem, physician detection was probably appropriate. However, it is unlikely that detection of the remaining patients was beneficial to the patients...
  35. ncbi request reprint Predictors of somatic symptoms in depressive disorder
    Kemal Sayar
    Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry 25:108-14. 2003
    ..However, these factors do not account for the tendency for women to report more somatic symptoms...
  36. ncbi request reprint Knowledge structures in illness narratives: development and reliability of a coding scheme
    Lara Stern
    McGill University
    Transcult Psychiatry 41:130-42. 2004
    ..It was found that all three knowledge structures could be reliably identified in these narratives. This method of analysis provides a way to test hypotheses regarding the role of knowledge structures in illness narratives...
  37. ncbi request reprint Perceived stigma in functional somatic syndromes and comparable medical conditions
    Karl J Looper
    Department of Psychiatry, Sir Mortimer B Davis Jewish General Hospital, 3755 Chemin de la Cote Ste Catherine, Montreal, PQ, Canada
    J Psychosom Res 57:373-8. 2004
    ..To determine if patients with functional somatic syndromes (FSS) perceive greater levels of stigma than patients with comparable medical conditions that have a clear medical pathology...
  38. ncbi request reprint The role of Afro-Canadian status in police or ambulance referral to emergency psychiatric services
    G Eric Jarvis
    Jewish General Hospital, 4333 Cote Street, Catherine Road, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3T 1E4
    Psychiatr Serv 56:705-10. 2005
    ....
  39. pmc Completed suicides among the Inuit of northern Quebec, 1982-1996: a case-control study
    L J Boothroyd
    Aboriginal Mental Health Research Team, Culture and Mental Health Research Unit, Institute of Community and Family Psychiatry, Sir Mortimer B. Davis-Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Que
    CMAJ 165:749-55. 2001
    ..02 [95% CI 1.01-1.04] and 5.0 [95% CI 1.07-23.7] respectively). INTERPRETATION: Since case subjects had frequent contact with health care services, frontline medical personnel may be in a position to identify people at risk for suicide...
  40. ncbi request reprint Sapir's vision of culture and personality
    L J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Canada
    Psychiatry 64:23-31. 2001
    ..The close analysis of how cultural and individual meanings interact that is provided by cultural psychiatry has much to offer the wider field of cultural anthropology...
  41. ncbi request reprint Hypochondriacal concerns in a community population
    K J Looper
    Sir Mortimer B. Davis-Jewish General Hospital and Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    Psychol Med 31:577-84. 2001
    ..Illness worry was an independent factor contributing to increased levels of distress, health care utilization, and disability, even when medical status was controlled, suggesting that it is an important issue for further research...
  42. ncbi request reprint Fatigue in primary care: prevalence, psychiatric comorbidity, illness behavior, and outcome
    P J Cath├ębras
    Institute of Community and Family Psychiatry, Sir Mortimer B Davis Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Gen Intern Med 7:276-86. 1992
    ..To identify the prevalence, psychiatric comorbidity, illness behavior, and outcome of patients with a presenting complaint of fatigue in a primary care setting...
  43. ncbi request reprint Insight and psychosis: comparing the perspectives of patient, entourage and clinician
    Constantin Tranulis
    University of Montreal, Department of Psychiatry, Montreal, Canada
    Int J Soc Psychiatry 54:225-41. 2008
    ..Current definitions and measures of insight do not give systematic attention to the impact of interpersonal, cultural and socio-economic contexts...
  44. ncbi request reprint Research ethics and the plight of refugees in detention
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Canada
    Monash Bioeth Rev 23:85-92. 2004
    ..An international network of researchers working on issues of human rights and the health of asylum seekers can provide an institutional basis to support work that challenges local practices...
  45. ncbi request reprint The cultural diversity of healing: meaning, metaphor and mechanism
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University and Department of Psychiatry, Sir Mortimer B Davis Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Br Med Bull 69:33-48. 2004
    ..Participation in specific healing traditions may also contribute to individual and collective identity...
  46. ncbi request reprint Celan's poetics of alterity: lyric and the understanding of illness experience in medical ethics
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University
    Monash Bioeth Rev 26:21-35. 2007
    ..Celan's poetics of alterity has implications for our efforts to understand individuals' illness experience as a grounding for the ethics of the clinical encounter...
  47. doi request reprint Dissociative experience and cultural neuroscience: narrative, metaphor and mechanism
    Rebecca Seligman
    Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
    Cult Med Psychiatry 32:31-64. 2008
    ..This integrative model, grounded in a cultural neuroscience, can advance ethnographic studies of dissociation and inform clinical approaches to dissociation through careful consideration of the impact of social context...
  48. ncbi request reprint The McGill Illness Narrative Interview (MINI): an interview schedule to elicit meanings and modes of reasoning related to illness experience
    Danielle Groleau
    McGill University
    Transcult Psychiatry 43:671-91. 2006
    ..Narratives produced by the MINI can be used with a wide variety of interpretive strategies drawn from medical anthropology, sociology and discursive psychology...
  49. ncbi request reprint Culture and psychotherapy in a creolizing world
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Transcult Psychiatry 43:163-8. 2006
  50. ncbi request reprint Perceived stigmatisation of young mothers: an exploratory study of psychological and social experience
    Rob Whitley
    Dartmouth Psychiatric Research Center, Dartmouth Medical School, 2 Whipple Place, Lebanon, NH 03766, USA
    Soc Sci Med 66:339-48. 2008
    ..We conclude by theorising that Anglophone Euro-Canadian mothers in their early 20s may now be experiencing aspects of social exclusion traditionally associated with 'teenage mothers.' This may have a deleterious effect on health...
  51. ncbi request reprint Psychological correlates of functional status in chronic fatigue syndrome
    Suzanne S Taillefer
    Department of Psychology, Universite de Montreal, Canada
    J Psychosom Res 53:1097-106. 2002
    ....
  52. ncbi request reprint The relevance of Jungian psychology for cultural psychiatry
    Henry Abramovitch
    Transcult Psychiatry 40:155-63. 2003
  53. doi request reprint Toward a medical anthropology of sensations: definitions and research agenda
    Devon E Hinton
    Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Transcult Psychiatry 45:142-62. 2008
    ..We argue against the naive assumption that sensation experience is the same across cultures. Finally, we consider how healing may occur through 'sensation semiosis.'..
  54. ncbi request reprint Somatoform disorders: time for a new approach in DSM-V
    Richard Mayou
    School of Molecular and Clinical Meidcine, University of Edinburgh, U K
    Am J Psychiatry 162:847-55. 2005
    ..The extended period of preparation for DSM-V offers an important opportunity to reconsider the category of somatoform disorders...
  55. ncbi request reprint Refugees and forced migration: hardening of the arteries in the global reign of insecurity
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Transcult Psychiatry 44:307-10. 2007
  56. ncbi request reprint Inuit interpretations of sleep paralysis
    Samuel Law
    University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Transcult Psychiatry 42:93-112. 2005
    ....