David L Streiner

Summary

Affiliation: Kunin-Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi Diagnosing tests: using and misusing diagnostic and screening tests
    David L Streiner
    Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M6A 2E1
    J Pers Assess 81:209-19. 2003
  2. pmc Investigator experiences with financial conflicts of interest in clinical trials
    Paula A Rochon
    Women s College Research Institute at Women s College Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    Trials 12:9. 2011
  3. ncbi The case of the missing data: methods of dealing with dropouts and other research vagaries
    David L Streiner
    Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 47:68-75. 2002
  4. ncbi Clinimetrics vs. psychometrics: an unnecessary distinction
    David L Streiner
    Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 3560 Bathurst Street, M6A 2E1, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Clin Epidemiol 56:1142-5; discussion 1146-9. 2003
  5. ncbi Unicorns do exist: a tutorial on "proving" the null hypothesis
    David L Streiner
    Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 48:756-61. 2003
  6. doi Missing data and the trouble with LOCF
    David L Streiner
    Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care and Professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Canada
    Evid Based Ment Health 11:3-5. 2008
  7. ncbi A shortcut to rejection: how not to write the results section of a paper
    David L Streiner
    Kunin Lunenfield Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 52:385-9. 2007
  8. ncbi Finding our way: an introduction to path analysis
    David L Streiner
    Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 50:115-22. 2005
  9. ncbi What's under the ROC? An introduction to receiver operating characteristics curves
    David L Streiner
    Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 52:121-8. 2007
  10. ncbi Building a better model: an introduction to structural equation modelling
    David L Streiner
    Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 51:317-24. 2006

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications97

  1. ncbi Diagnosing tests: using and misusing diagnostic and screening tests
    David L Streiner
    Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M6A 2E1
    J Pers Assess 81:209-19. 2003
    ..2003) for reporting the results of diagnostic tests and extend them to cover the types of tests used by psychologists...
  2. pmc Investigator experiences with financial conflicts of interest in clinical trials
    Paula A Rochon
    Women s College Research Institute at Women s College Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    Trials 12:9. 2011
    ..We obtained information from investigators about adherence to practices that minimize the introduction of such bias in their clinical trials experience...
  3. ncbi The case of the missing data: methods of dealing with dropouts and other research vagaries
    David L Streiner
    Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 47:68-75. 2002
    ..Growth curve analysis makes maximal use of the existing data and makes fewer assumptions...
  4. ncbi Clinimetrics vs. psychometrics: an unnecessary distinction
    David L Streiner
    Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 3560 Bathurst Street, M6A 2E1, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Clin Epidemiol 56:1142-5; discussion 1146-9. 2003
    ....
  5. ncbi Unicorns do exist: a tutorial on "proving" the null hypothesis
    David L Streiner
    Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 48:756-61. 2003
    ..We then work through an example and show how to calculate sample sizes for noninferiority studies...
  6. doi Missing data and the trouble with LOCF
    David L Streiner
    Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care and Professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Canada
    Evid Based Ment Health 11:3-5. 2008
  7. ncbi A shortcut to rejection: how not to write the results section of a paper
    David L Streiner
    Kunin Lunenfield Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 52:385-9. 2007
    ..Suggestions are made regarding the proper way to report findings...
  8. ncbi Finding our way: an introduction to path analysis
    David L Streiner
    Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 50:115-22. 2005
    ..As with many techniques, path analysis has its own unique nomenclature, assumptions, and conventions, which are discussed in this paper...
  9. ncbi What's under the ROC? An introduction to receiver operating characteristics curves
    David L Streiner
    Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 52:121-8. 2007
    ..We discuss how to calculate and compareROC curves and the factors that must be considered in choosing an optimal cut point...
  10. ncbi Building a better model: an introduction to structural equation modelling
    David L Streiner
    Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 51:317-24. 2006
    ..Each latent variable and its associated measured variables form small CFAs, with the added advantage that the correlations among the variables can be corrected for the unreliability of the measures...
  11. ncbi The epidemiology of psychological problems in the elderly
    David L Streiner
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 51:185-91. 2006
    ..To determine the prevalence of mood, anxiety, and other disorders in the population of Canadians aged 55 years and over...
  12. ncbi "Precision" and "accuracy": two terms that are neither
    David L Streiner
    Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Department of Psychiatry, Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, University of Toronto, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario M6A 2E1, Canada
    J Clin Epidemiol 59:327-30. 2006
    ..In some publications, the terms "precision" and "accuracy" are used as if they were synonyms for "reliability" and "validity."..
  13. ncbi The lesser of 2 evils: the ethics of placebo-controlled trials
    David L Streiner
    Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 53:430-2. 2008
  14. ncbi Being inconsistent about consistency: when coefficient alpha does and doesn't matter
    David L Streiner
    Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Pers Assess 80:217-22. 2003
    ..I discuss the implications of this difference for how items are selected, the relationship among the items, and the statistics that should and should not be used in establishing the reliability of the scale or index...
  15. ncbi With apologies to Albert: everything is not relative
    David L Streiner
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Canada
    Evid Based Ment Health 8:93. 2005
  16. ncbi The 2 "Es" of research: efficacy and effectiveness trials
    David L Streiner
    Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 47:552-6. 2002
    ..This paper explores these issues, shows the decisions researchers must take at each phase of a trial, and discusses how clinicians should interpret the results...
  17. ncbi Breaking up is hard to do: the heartbreak of dichotomizing continuous data
    David L Streiner
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, ON
    Can J Psychiatry 47:262-6. 2002
    ..Dichotomizing a continuous variable is justified only when the distribution of that variable is highly skewed or its relation with another variable is nonlinear...
  18. doi Has 'lifetime prevalence' reached the end of its life? An examination of the concept
    David L Streiner
    Baycrest Centre and the University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 18:221-8. 2009
    ..Further, because lifetime prevalence is insensitive to changes in treatment effectiveness or demand for services, it is a parameter that should be dropped from the lexicon of psychiatric epidemiology...
  19. ncbi Starting at the beginning: an introduction to coefficient alpha and internal consistency
    David L Streiner
    Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Pers Assess 80:99-103. 2003
    ..It provides some recommendations for acceptable values of a in different situations...
  20. ncbi Measure for measure: new developments in measurement and item response theory
    David L Streiner
    Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 55:180-6. 2010
    ..This article is an introduction to IRT. It concludes by discussing why IRT hasn't been adopted more widely, and some of its limitations...
  21. doi Impact of extreme prematurity on family functioning and maternal health 20 years later
    Saroj Saigal
    McMaster University, Department of Pediatrics, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Pediatrics 126:e81-8. 2010
    ....
  22. doi The effect of cholinesterase inhibitors on decline in multiple functional domains in Alzheimer's disease: a two-year observational study in the Sunnybrook dementia cohort
    Pearl Behl
    Linda C Campbell Cognitive Neurology Research Unit, University of Toronto, Canada
    Int Psychogeriatr 20:1141-59. 2008
    ..This study seeks to assess change in activities of daily living (ADLs) over two years in AD patients treated with CHEIs matched to untreated patients in the same longitudinal cohort study...
  23. doi Comorbid depression and anxiety in later life: patterns of association, subjective well-being, and impairment
    John Cairney
    Health Systems Research and Consulting Unit, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 16:201-8. 2008
    ..In this study, the authors examine psychiatric comorbidity and associated impairment of four disorders (major depression, panic disorder, social phobia, and agoraphobia) in a community-based sample of adults aged 55 and older...
  24. ncbi What makes family caregivers happy during the first 2 years post stroke?
    Jill I Cameron
    From the Departments of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy J I C, Psychiatry D E S, D L S, Institute of Health Policy, Management, and Evaluation P C C, and Department of General Internal Medicine A M C, University of Toronto, ON, Canada Toronto Rehabilitation Institute J I C, University Health Network D E S, A M C, Toronto, ON, Canada and Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada D L S
    Stroke 45:1084-9. 2014
    ..This study aimed to identify aspects of the caregiving situation contributing to family caregivers' psychological well-being...
  25. ncbi The inclusion of minority groups in clinical trials: problems of under representation and under reporting of data
    Paula A Rochon
    Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 3560 Bathurst St, Toronto, ON M6A 2E1, Canada
    Account Res 11:215-23. 2004
    ..This suggests that mandatory reporting policies may have a positive effect on both reporting and representation...
  26. doi Suicide ideation in older adults: relationship to mental health problems and service use
    Laurie M Corna
    Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, 155 College St, Toronto, ON, Canada M5T 3M7
    Gerontologist 50:785-97. 2010
    ..to assess the prevalence of suicide ideation among community-dwelling older adults and the relationship between suicide ideation, major psychiatric disorder, and mental health service use...
  27. ncbi The impact of rural residence on medically serious medicinal self-poisonings
    Anne Rhodes
    Suicide Studies Unit, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada M5B 1W8
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry 30:552-60. 2008
    ....
  28. doi Does psychological well-being influence oral-health-related quality of life reports in children receiving orthodontic treatment?
    Shoroog Agou
    Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 139:369-77. 2011
    ..We postulated that children with better psychological well-being (PWB) would experience fewer negative OHRQOL impacts, regardless of their orthodontic treatment status...
  29. doi Dialectical behavior therapy compared with general psychiatric management for borderline personality disorder: clinical outcomes and functioning over a 2-year follow-up
    Shelley F McMain
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Psychiatry 169:650-61. 2012
    ....
  30. ncbi Factor structure and reliability of the brain impairment behavior scale
    Jill I Cameron
    Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Neurosci Nurs 40:40-7. 2008
    ..75 to .88. Future research and clinical use of this measure will increase our understanding of how specific domains of stroke survivors' behavioral and psychological symptoms affect the well-being of family caregivers...
  31. doi Stroke survivor depressive symptoms are associated with family caregiver depression during the first 2 years poststroke
    Jill I Cameron
    University of Toronto, Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 1V7
    Stroke 42:302-6. 2011
    ..A subsample completed additional assessments 18 and 24 months poststroke. These longitudinal data were analyzed using mixed effects modeling...
  32. ncbi Evaluation of an assessment battery for estimating dementia caregiver needs for health and social care services
    Elsa Marziali
    Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen 25:446-54. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to examine a battery of questionnaires for assessing the personal resources and vulnerabilities of family caregivers of persons with dementia (Alzheimer or other)...
  33. doi Age-sex differences in medicinal self-poisonings: a population-based study of deliberate intent and medical severity
    Anne E Rhodes
    Suicide Studies Unit, St Michael s Hospital, 2 Shuter Wing 2010f, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, ON, M5B 1W8, Canada
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 43:642-52. 2008
    ..Such knowledge can guide prevention strategies emphasizing detecting and treating mental illness and controlling access to means...
  34. ncbi Transitions in hearing impairment and psychological distress in older adults
    Laurie M Corna
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 54:518-25. 2009
    ....
  35. doi Age-related variables in childhood epilepsy: how do they relate to each other and to quality of life?
    Lindsay Manor
    McMaster University Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Epilepsy Behav 26:71-4. 2013
    ..22-0.35). Correlation with QOL was clinically non-significant. These variables appear to measure the same phenomenon only in children with early epilepsy onset (<4 years) and explain little variance in QOL...
  36. doi Smell test predicts performance on delayed recall memory test in elderly with depression
    Monica Z Scalco
    Department of Psychiatry, Baycrest, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 24:376-81. 2009
    ..Smell tests are correlated with performance on cognitive tests in the elderly and therefore might serve as a screening test for cognitive impairment in depressed elderly...
  37. doi Disease characteristics and psychosocial factors: explaining the expression of quality of life in childhood epilepsy
    Gabriel M Ronen
    Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Epilepsy Behav 18:88-93. 2010
    ..To explore, identify and understand the contribution that biomedical and psychosocial factors make to the assessment of health-related quality of life (HRQL) of children and youth with epilepsy using the CHEQOL-25...
  38. ncbi Does systems integration affect continuity of mental health care?
    Janet Durbin
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Adm Policy Ment Health 33:705-17. 2006
    ..Future research should evaluate a wider range of systems integrating mechanisms, using client-based measures that more directly represent continuity of care experiences...
  39. ncbi Corrected and uncorrected hearing impairment in older Canadians
    Laurie M Corna
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Gerontology 55:468-76. 2009
    ..Hearing impairment (HI) is a common chronic condition in later life, but one that can often be improved with the use of a hearing aid. However, a distinction is not often made between corrected and uncorrected HI in the literature...
  40. ncbi Antenatal depression in a multi-ethnic, community sample of Canadian immigrants: psychosocial correlates and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function
    Miki Peer
    Student, Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario Student, Women s Health Concerns Clinic, St Joseph s Healthcare Hamilton, Hamilton, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 58:579-87. 2013
    ..We aimed to examine the factors associated with prenatal depressive symptoms, including altered HPA axis function, in an ethnically diverse community sample of Canadian immigrant women...
  41. pmc Health-related quality of life in childhood epilepsy: moving beyond 'seizure control with minimal adverse effects'
    Gabriel M Ronen
    Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 1:36. 2003
    ..Finally, clinicians need to familiarize themselves with outcome measures, be able to evaluate them, and use them routinely in their day-to-day practice...
  42. ncbi Does greater frequency of contact with general physicians reduce feelings of mastery in older adults?
    John Cairney
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 62:P226-9. 2007
    ....
  43. doi The effect of depression on heart rate variability during pregnancy. A naturalistic study
    Alison K Shea
    CIHR Program, Maternal Adversity, Vulnerability and Neurodevelopment, Hamiltion, ON, Canada
    Clin Auton Res 18:203-12. 2008
    ..Women taking AD medication showed some improvement in HRV measures. These data suggest that psychophysiological changes occur in women experiencing depression during pregnancy...
  44. ncbi The social epidemiology of affective and anxiety disorders in later life in Canada
    John Cairney
    Health Systems Research and Consulting Unit, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 53:104-11. 2008
    ..To examine the association between markers of social position and psychiatric disorder among older adults, and test whether social support mediates the association between social position and psychiatric disorder in this population...
  45. ncbi Early identification and incidence of mild TBI in Ontario
    Won Hyung A Ryu
    Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Can J Neurol Sci 36:429-35. 2009
    ..1) To examine the variability in diagnosis of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in primary care relative to that of an expert reviewer; and (2) to determine the incidence rate of mTBI in Ontario, Canada...
  46. doi Exploring the feasibility of videoconference delivery of a self-management program to rural participants with stroke
    Denise M Taylor
    Neurology Services, St Joseph s Care Group, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada
    Telemed J E Health 15:646-54. 2009
    ..This form of delivery is associated with improvements in goal achievement, mood, balance, and endurance, and is well received by all participants...
  47. ncbi Long-term prognosis in children with neonatal seizures: a population-based study
    Gabriel M Ronen
    Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Neurology 69:1816-22. 2007
    ..To examine outcome and explore for prognostic markers in a cohort <10 years following neonatal seizures...
  48. doi A randomized trial of dialectical behavior therapy versus general psychiatric management for borderline personality disorder
    Shelley F McMain
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Psychiatry 166:1365-74. 2009
    ....
  49. doi Factor structure of the Multnomah Community Ability Scale--longitudinal analysis
    Diego G Bassani
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Psychiatry Res 167:178-89. 2009
    ..Alternative interpretations for the tool and suggestions for the use of its items as an index that measures aspects of disability are proposed...
  50. ncbi The sensitivity of the K6 as a screen for any disorder in community mental health surveys: a cautionary note
    Scott Veldhuizen
    Health Systems Research and Consulting Unit, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Can J Psychiatry 52:256-9. 2007
    ..However, performance of the K6 may vary for individual disorders or combinations of disorders. In this report, we examine the ability of the K6 to detect disorders among respondents in different diagnostic categories...
  51. ncbi Evaluation of 2 measures of psychological distress as screeners for depression in the general population
    John Cairney
    Health Systems Research and Consulting Unit, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 52:111-20. 2007
    ..In this paper, we evaluate 2 measures of psychological distress (the Kessler 6- and 10-Item Psychological Distress Scales [K6 and K10]) as potential screening instruments for depression...
  52. ncbi Stroke survivors' behavioral and psychologic symptoms are associated with informal caregivers' experiences of depression
    Jill I Cameron
    Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, University of Toronto, ON, Canada
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 87:177-83. 2006
    ..To determine the impact of stroke survivors' behavioral and psychologic symptoms (BPS) on informal caregivers' experience of depression in the context of the caregiving situation...
  53. ncbi Interrater reliability of measurements of comorbid illness should be reported
    Stephen F Hall
    Department of Otolaryngology, Queen s University, and Division of Cancer Care and Epidemiology, Queen s Cancer Research Institute, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    J Clin Epidemiol 59:926-33. 2006
    ....
  54. ncbi Demonstrating adherence to guidelines for the treatment of patients with borderline personality disorder
    Nathan J Kolla
    Resident, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 54:181-9. 2009
    ....
  55. ncbi Physical activity and depression in older adults
    David L Streiner
    Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Clin J Sport Med 13:274. 2003
  56. doi Exploring the social determinants of mental health service use using intersectionality theory and CART analysis
    John Cairney
    Departments of Family Medicine, Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, and Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    J Epidemiol Community Health 68:145-50. 2014
    ..In this paper, we examine predictors of subsequent service use among respondents to a population health survey who met criteria for a past-year mood, anxiety or substance-related disorder...
  57. doi MRI-based neuroanatomical predictors of dysphagia after acute ischemic stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Heather L Flowers
    Department of Speech Language Pathology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Cerebrovasc Dis 32:1-10. 2011
    ..Considering that the incidence of dysphagia is as high as 55% following acute stroke, we undertook a systematic review of the literature to identify lesion sites that predict its presence after acute ischemic stroke...
  58. ncbi School-age outcomes in children who were extremely low birth weight from four international population-based cohorts
    Saroj Saigal
    Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Pediatrics 112:943-50. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to determine whether learning and school problems in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) and reference children differ between cohorts in different countries...
  59. doi Impact of self-esteem on the oral-health-related quality of life of children with malocclusion
    Shoroog Agou
    Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 134:484-9. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between self-esteem and oral-health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in a sample of children seeking orthodontic treatment in Toronto, Ontario, Canada...
  60. pmc Reader's guide to critical appraisal of cohort studies: 1. Role and design
    Paula A Rochon
    Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, ON, Canada
    BMJ 330:895-7. 2005
  61. ncbi Prevalence and correlates of agoraphobia in older adults
    Laura McCabe
    Health Systems Research and Consulting Unit, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto Ontario, Canada
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 14:515-22. 2006
    ..However, little is known about the nature of this disorder in the elderly population. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors, illness characteristics, and comorbidity of agoraphobia in the elderly...
  62. ncbi A measure of quality of life after abdominal surgery
    David R Urbach
    Department of Surgery and Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Qual Life Res 15:1053-61. 2006
    ..To develop a reliable and valid measure of short-term quality of life after abdominal surgery...
  63. ncbi An appraisal of the psychometric properties of the Clinician version of the Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES-C)
    Diana E Clarke
    Toronto Rehabilitation Institute and Department of Psychiatry, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Canada
    Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 16:97-110. 2007
    ..In conclusion, the AES-C is a reliable and valid measure for the characterization and quantification of apathy...
  64. doi Mine is bigger than yours: measures of effect size in research
    David L Streiner
    St Joseph s Health Care, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Chest 141:595-8. 2012
    ..This article explains these various indices of effect sizes-how they are calculated, what they mean, and how they are interpreted...
  65. ncbi Benzodiazepine use and driving: a meta-analysis
    Mark J Rapoport
    Department of Psychiatry, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Clin Psychiatry 70:663-73. 2009
    ..The purpose of the present study was to examine the experimental and epidemiologic evidence linking benzodiazepine use to driving impairment...
  66. ncbi Stability of maternal preferences for pediatric health states in the perinatal period and 1 year later
    Saroj Saigal
    Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 157:261-9. 2003
    ..However, stability of parental preferences for future pediatric health states is unknown during the antenatal and neonatal periods and infancy...
  67. doi Using relative improvement over chance (RIOC) to examine agreement between tests: three case examples using studies of developmental coordination disorder (DCD) in children
    John Cairney
    Department of Family Medicine, Offord Centre for Child Studies and the CanChild Centre for Childhood Disability Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Res Dev Disabil 32:87-92. 2011
    ..The introduction of this statistic in the area of developmental disabilities research is encouraged...
  68. doi Correction for multiple testing: is there a resolution?
    David L Streiner
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Chest 140:16-8. 2011
    ..In this article, we offer recommendations about when they should and should not be brought into play...
  69. ncbi The effect of depression, anxiety and early life trauma on the cortisol awakening response during pregnancy: preliminary results
    Alison K Shea
    CIHR Program Maternal Adversity, Vulnerability and Neurodevelopment, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 32:1013-20. 2007
    ..The CAR may provide important information about the maternal HPA axis during pregnancy and warrants further investigation in larger cohorts...
  70. ncbi Do hospital E-codes consistently capture suicidal behaviour?
    Anne E Rhodes
    The Suicide Studies Unit, St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5B 1W8
    Chronic Dis Can 23:139-45. 2002
    ..Estimating the prevalence of admissions for suicidal behaviour using hospital separation data is of questionable validity, particularly among older age groups...
  71. ncbi Health-related quality of life in children with epilepsy: development and validation of self-report and parent proxy measures
    Gabriel M Ronen
    Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Epilepsia 44:598-612. 2003
    ....
  72. ncbi Test-retest reliability, validity, and sensitivity of the Chedoke arm and hand activity inventory: a new measure of upper-limb function for survivors of stroke
    Susan R Barreca
    Orthopedic and Rehabilitation Services, Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 86:1616-22. 2005
    ....
  73. pmc Relation between randomized controlled trials published in leading general medical journals and the global burden of disease
    Paula A Rochon
    Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario M6A 2E1, Canada
    CMAJ 170:1673-7. 2004
    ..We evaluated the relation between the global burden of disease and conditions or diseases studied in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in general medical journals...
  74. ncbi Alternatives to placebo-controlled trials
    David L Streiner
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Can J Neurol Sci 34:S37-41. 2007
    ..This paper briefly considers the ethics of placebo, and conditions are stated under which such studies can be conducted...
  75. ncbi Antidepressants and the risk of breast cancer
    Paul A Kurdyak
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 47:966-70. 2002
    ..The authors of the 2 papers recommend switching or avoiding the antidepressants implicated in their studies...
  76. doi The Toronto Bedside Swallowing Screening Test (TOR-BSST): development and validation of a dysphagia screening tool for patients with stroke
    Rosemary Martino
    Department of Speech Language Pathology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Stroke 40:555-61. 2009
    ..We designed and validated a new bedside dysphagia screening tool-the Toronto Bedside Swallowing Screening Test (TOR-BSST) for stroke survivors in acute and rehabilitative settings...
  77. ncbi A prescribing cascade involving cholinesterase inhibitors and anticholinergic drugs
    Sudeep S Gill
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario
    Arch Intern Med 165:808-13. 2005
    ..We present a new example of the prescribing cascade involving cholinesterase inhibitors and anticholinergic drugs used to manage urinary incontinence...
  78. ncbi A comparison of Canadian medical students from rural and non-rural backgrounds
    Jeff C Kwong
    Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A8, Canada
    Can J Rural Med 10:36-42. 2005
    ..Very little is known about medical students from rural areas currently enrolled in Canadian medical schools...
  79. ncbi Strategic subcortical hyperintensities in cholinergic pathways and executive function decline in treated Alzheimer patients
    Pearl Behl
    Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, 160 Russell Jarvis Drive, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Arch Neurol 64:266-72. 2007
    ....
  80. ncbi Comparison of review articles published in peer-reviewed and throwaway journals
    Paula A Rochon
    Kunin Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M6A 2E1
    JAMA 287:2853-6. 2002
    ..To compare the quality, presentation, readability, and clinical relevance of review articles published in peer-reviewed and "throwaway" journals...
  81. ncbi Health-related quality of life of children with epilepsy in Hong Kong: how does it compare with that of youth with epilepsy in Canada?
    Winnie K L Yam
    Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Alice Ho Miu Ling Hospital and North District Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Epilepsy Behav 12:419-26. 2008
    ..A second interest was to determine agreement between proxy reports and self-ratings among children with epilepsy in Hong Kong, compare these with findings in Canada, and identify factors that influence the concordance...
  82. ncbi Quality of life among Brazilian children with epilepsy: validation of a parent proxy instrument (QVCE-50)
    Heber de Souza Maia Filho
    Department of Maternal and Child Health, Faculdade de Medicina de PetrĂ³polis Postgraduation Doctorate, Institute of Psychiatry Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro CNPq scholarship, Brazil
    Seizure 16:324-9. 2007
    ..Items were scored on a four point scale. Domains were equally weighted using percent scores. The questionnaire ends with a quality of life scale scored 0-10 and a space for free observations...
  83. ncbi Editorial: measuring individual level change
    David L Streiner
    J Pers Assess 82:48-9. 2004
  84. ncbi Relation of blood counts during clozapine treatment to serum concentrations of clozapine and nor-clozapine
    L Kola Oyewumi
    Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 47:257-61. 2002
    ..To determine the relation between serum clozapine and nor-clozapine levels and blood cell counts during clozapine treatment...
  85. ncbi Program structure and continuity of mental health care
    Janet Durbin
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Can J Nurs Res 36:12-37. 2004
    ..The association between each of the other 7 program features and continuity was not significant. Possible explanations for this finding are explored...
  86. ncbi Qualitative research in psychiatry
    David L Streiner
    Can J Psychiatry 53:135-6. 2008
  87. ncbi Editorial: introduction to the article on "dual scaling"
    David L Streiner
    J Pers Assess 85:207-8. 2005
  88. ncbi Sex differences in first-year students at Canadian medical schools
    Andrea E Waddell
    University of Toronto
    J Am Med Womens Assoc 59:25-9. 2004
    ..To compare male and female medical students by age, level of education before admission to medical school, race/ethnicity, parental education level, socioeconomic status, and attitudes toward public health care...
  89. pmc Effects of rising tuition fees on medical school class composition and financial outlook
    Jeff C Kwong
    University of Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 166:1023-8. 2002
    ..We sought to determine whether the increasing tuition fees in Ontario affected the demographic characteristics and financial outlook of medical students in that province as compared with those of medical students in the rest of Canada...
  90. pmc Characteristics of first-year students in Canadian medical schools
    Irfan A Dhalla
    University of Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 166:1029-35. 2002
    ..Furthermore, we wished to test the hypothesis that medical students often come from privileged socioeconomic backgrounds...
  91. ncbi Exploring the association between atypical neuroleptic agents and diabetes mellitus in older adults
    Mahyar Etminan
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Royal Victoria Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Pharmacotherapy 23:1411-5. 2003
    ..To explore the suggested association between atypical neuroleptic use and the development of diabetes mellitus, with a focus on older adults...
  92. ncbi Measuring comorbidity in patients with head and neck cancer
    Stephen F Hall
    Department of Otolaryngology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Laryngoscope 112:1988-96. 2002
    ..Comorbidities are diseases or conditions that coexist with a disease of interest. The importance of comorbidities is that they can alter treatment decisions, change resource utilization, and confound the results of survival analysis...
  93. ncbi Psychiatric epidemiology in Canada and the CCHS study
    David L Streiner
    Can J Psychiatry 50:571-2. 2005
  94. pmc Do selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors cause suicide? Let's keep it in perspective
    Isaac Sakinofsky
    BMJ 330:1149; author reply 1150. 2005
  95. ncbi Sample size in clinical research: when is enough enough?
    David L Streiner
    J Pers Assess 87:259-60. 2006
  96. ncbi Apathy in dementia: an examination of the psychometric properties of the apathy evaluation scale
    Diana E Clarke
    Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Room 802, 624 North Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 19:57-64. 2007
    ..However, from a diagnostic point of view, the AES-I provided the greatest sensitivity and the strongest positive and negative predictive values. Generally, the AES-S performed poorly compared with the AES-C and AES-I...
  97. ncbi Health-related quality of life in youth with epilepsy: theoretical model for clinicians and researchers. Part I: the role of epilepsy and co-morbidity
    Lucyna M Lach
    School of Social Work McGill University, 3506 University St, Montreal, PQ, Canada
    Qual Life Res 15:1161-71. 2006
    ..The purpose of this review is to identify what is meant by HRQL as well as outline the theoretical and empirical basis for what it is about epilepsy, co-morbidity, and its treatment that we believe make a difference to HRQL...