Michael G Ikonomou

Summary

Affiliation: Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint PCBs in dungeness crab reflect distinct source fingerprints among harbor/industrial sites in British Columbia
    Michael G Ikonomou
    Institute of Ocean Sciences, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Sidney, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 36:2545-51. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Chromatographic and ionization properties of polybrominated diphenyl ethers using GC/high-resolution MS with metastable atom bombardment and electron impact ionization
    Michael G Ikonomou
    Contaminants Science Section, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Sidney, British Columbia
    Anal Chem 74:5263-72. 2002
  3. ncbi request reprint Exponential increases of the brominated flame retardants, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, in the Canadian Arctic from 1981 to 2000
    Michael G Ikonomou
    Institute of Ocean Sciences, Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Sidney, British Columbia
    Environ Sci Technol 36:1886-92. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint Perfluoroalkyl contaminants in an Arctic marine food web: trophic magnification and wildlife exposure
    Barry C Kelly
    School of Resource and Environmental Management, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 43:4037-43. 2009
  5. ncbi request reprint Lipid reserve dynamics and magnification of persistent organic pollutants in spawning sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) from the Fraser River, British Columbia
    Barry C Kelly
    Contaminant Sciences, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Fisheries and Oceans Canada DFO, 9860 West Saanich Road, Sidney, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 41:3083-9. 2007
  6. doi request reprint Tissue residue concentrations of organohalogens and trace elements in adult Pacific salmon returning to the Fraser River, British Columbia, Canada
    Barry C Kelly
    Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Sidney, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Toxicol Chem 30:367-76. 2011
  7. doi request reprint Ultra-trace analysis of multiple endocrine-disrupting chemicals in municipal and bleached kraft mill effluents using gas chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry
    Michael G Ikonomou
    Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Sidney, BC, Canada
    Environ Toxicol Chem 27:243-51. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint Harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) in British Columbia, Canada, and Washington State, USA, reveal a combination of local and global polychlorinated biphenyl, dioxin, and furan signals
    Peter S Ross
    Institute of Ocean Sciences, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, 9860 West Saanich Road, P O Box 6000, Sidney, British Columbia V8L 4B2, Canada
    Environ Toxicol Chem 23:157-65. 2004
  9. doi request reprint Flesh residue concentrations of organochlorine pesticides in farmed and wild salmon from British Columbia, Canada
    Barry C Kelly
    Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Sidney, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Toxicol Chem 30:2456-64. 2011
  10. ncbi request reprint Spatial variation in hepatic levels and patterns of PCBs and PCDD/Fs among young-of-the-year and adult Atlantic tomcod (Microgadus tomcod) in the Hudson River estuary
    Marc P Fernandez
    Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Institute of Ocean Sciences, 9860 West Saanich Road, Sidney, British Columbia, V8L 4B2, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 38:976-83. 2004

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications52

  1. ncbi request reprint PCBs in dungeness crab reflect distinct source fingerprints among harbor/industrial sites in British Columbia
    Michael G Ikonomou
    Institute of Ocean Sciences, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Sidney, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 36:2545-51. 2002
    ..g., A1242, A1248, A1254, and A1260). Overall, the PCA scores for each site qualitatively agreed with the source predictions provided by the DMM, and distinct source compositions were predicted for various sites examined...
  2. ncbi request reprint Chromatographic and ionization properties of polybrominated diphenyl ethers using GC/high-resolution MS with metastable atom bombardment and electron impact ionization
    Michael G Ikonomou
    Contaminants Science Section, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Sidney, British Columbia
    Anal Chem 74:5263-72. 2002
    ..A significantly higher level of predictability was obtained for the MAB-N2 response model than for EI...
  3. ncbi request reprint Exponential increases of the brominated flame retardants, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, in the Canadian Arctic from 1981 to 2000
    Michael G Ikonomou
    Institute of Ocean Sciences, Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Sidney, British Columbia
    Environ Sci Technol 36:1886-92. 2002
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint Perfluoroalkyl contaminants in an Arctic marine food web: trophic magnification and wildlife exposure
    Barry C Kelly
    School of Resource and Environmental Management, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 43:4037-43. 2009
    ..8 x 10(-4) mg x kg bw(-1) x d(-1)), exceedsthe oral reference dose for PFOS (7.5 x 10(-5) mg x kg bw(-1) x d(-1)), which raises concern for potential biological effects in these and other sensitive Arctic marine wildlife species...
  5. ncbi request reprint Lipid reserve dynamics and magnification of persistent organic pollutants in spawning sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) from the Fraser River, British Columbia
    Barry C Kelly
    Contaminant Sciences, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Fisheries and Oceans Canada DFO, 9860 West Saanich Road, Sidney, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 41:3083-9. 2007
    ..The results indicate that historical concentrations of PCBs and PCDD/Fs remain a potential threat to organism and ecosystem health on the west coast of Canada...
  6. doi request reprint Tissue residue concentrations of organohalogens and trace elements in adult Pacific salmon returning to the Fraser River, British Columbia, Canada
    Barry C Kelly
    Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Sidney, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Toxicol Chem 30:367-76. 2011
    ..3 pg·g(-1) threshold level associated with 30% salmonid egg mortality, indicating the potential for reproductive impacts in Fraser River salmon populations...
  7. doi request reprint Ultra-trace analysis of multiple endocrine-disrupting chemicals in municipal and bleached kraft mill effluents using gas chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry
    Michael G Ikonomou
    Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Sidney, BC, Canada
    Environ Toxicol Chem 27:243-51. 2008
    ..Plant and fungi sterols, stigmastanol and ergosterol, were found largely associated with bleached kraft mill effluent (BKME) as compared to the municipal effluents...
  8. ncbi request reprint Harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) in British Columbia, Canada, and Washington State, USA, reveal a combination of local and global polychlorinated biphenyl, dioxin, and furan signals
    Peter S Ross
    Institute of Ocean Sciences, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, 9860 West Saanich Road, P O Box 6000, Sidney, British Columbia V8L 4B2, Canada
    Environ Toxicol Chem 23:157-65. 2004
    ....
  9. doi request reprint Flesh residue concentrations of organochlorine pesticides in farmed and wild salmon from British Columbia, Canada
    Barry C Kelly
    Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Sidney, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Toxicol Chem 30:2456-64. 2011
    ..Finally, OCP exposure through consumption of British Columbian salmon is found to be low relative to United States national average per capita total exposure levels and provisional tolerable daily intakes...
  10. ncbi request reprint Spatial variation in hepatic levels and patterns of PCBs and PCDD/Fs among young-of-the-year and adult Atlantic tomcod (Microgadus tomcod) in the Hudson River estuary
    Marc P Fernandez
    Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Institute of Ocean Sciences, 9860 West Saanich Road, Sidney, British Columbia, V8L 4B2, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 38:976-83. 2004
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Occurrence and congener profiles of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in environmental samples from coastal British Columbia, Canada
    Michael G Ikonomou
    Contaminants Science Section, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Sidney, BC
    Chemosphere 46:649-63. 2002
    ..Finally, correlations between PBDE and other persistent and toxic co-occurring contaminants found in Dungeness crab were determined...
  12. doi request reprint Large and growing environmental reservoirs of Deca-BDE present an emerging health risk for fish and marine mammals
    Peter S Ross
    Institute of Ocean Sciences, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Sidney, BC, Canada
    Mar Pollut Bull 58:7-10. 2009
    ....
  13. doi request reprint An interlaboratory comparison study for the determination of dialkyl phthalate esters in environmental and biological samples
    Michael G Ikonomou
    Ocean Sciences Division, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Sidney, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Toxicol Chem 31:1948-56. 2012
    ..Future efforts to develop better protocols to lower MDLs, as well to develop reference materials, would greatly benefit future DPE monitoring initiatives...
  14. ncbi request reprint Spatio-temporal and species-specific variation in PBDE levels/patterns in British Columbia's coastal waters
    Michael G Ikonomou
    Marine Environmental Quality, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, 9860 W Saanich Road, Sidney, British Columbia V8L 4B2, Canada
    Environ Pollut 140:355-63. 2006
    ..Conversely, Dungeness crab were enriched in lower chlorinated PBDEs, particularly BDE-47 and BDE-49, compared to the fish and shark species from BC...
  15. doi request reprint Residues of PBDEs in northeastern Pacific marine fish: evidence for spatial and temporal trends
    Michael G Ikonomou
    Department of Fisheries and Oceans Institute of Ocean Sciences, Sidney, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Toxicol Chem 30:1261-71. 2011
    ..In sablefish and pollock, the relative proportions of BDEs 99 and 47 varied inversely in almost a 1:1 ratio, implying debromination of BDE 99 to 47...
  16. ncbi request reprint Food web-specific biomagnification of persistent organic pollutants
    Barry C Kelly
    School of Resource and Environmental Management, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, British Columbia, V5A 1S6, Canada
    Science 317:236-9. 2007
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Congener-based Aroclor quantification and speciation techniques: a comparison of the strengths, weaknesses, and proper use of two alternative approaches
    Paula J Sather
    Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Marine Environmental Quality Section, Sidney, British Columbia, Canada V8L 4B2
    Environ Sci Technol 37:5678-86. 2003
    ..The implication is that Aroclor determinations using persistent congeners cannot reliably be used as surrogates for total PCB concentration. The strengths and weaknesses of each method are detailed...
  18. doi request reprint Relationship between biodegradation and sorption of phthalate esters and their metabolites in natural sediments
    Peter Kickham
    Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Toxicol Chem 31:1730-7. 2012
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Rapidly increasing polybrominated diphenyl ether concentrations in the Columbia River system from 1992 to 2000
    Sierra Rayne
    Department of Chemistry, Box 3065, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, V8W 3V6
    Environ Sci Technol 37:2847-54. 2003
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Reconstructing source polybrominated diphenyl ether congener patterns from semipermeable membrane devices in the Fraser River, British Columbia, Canada: comparison to commercial mixtures
    Sierra Rayne
    Department of Chemistry, University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Toxicol Chem 21:2292-300. 2002
    ..The reconstructed SPMD patterns more closely approximated the composite technical mixtures and suggest that PBDEs in such an industrial region arise primarily from penta- and octa-BDE source mixtures...
  21. ncbi request reprint Low hepatic ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase activity correlates with high organochlorine concentrations in Atlantic tomcod from the Canadian east coast
    Catherine M Couillard
    Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Maurice Lamontagne Institute, 850 route de la Mer, Mont Joli, Quebec G5H 3Z4, Canada
    Environ Toxicol Chem 24:2459-69. 2005
    ..Within sites, hepatic PCB concentrations increased as lipid content decreased. This study supports the hypothesis that low EROD activity in SLE tomcods is related to chronic exposure to organochlorine contaminants...
  22. ncbi request reprint Determination of phthalate ester congeners and mixtures by LC/ESI-MS in sediments and biota of an urbanized marine inlet
    Zhong Ping Lin
    Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Institute of Ocean Sciences, MEHS Division, Sidney, British Columbia, Canada V8L 4B2
    Environ Sci Technol 37:2100-8. 2003
    ..The findings indicate that the higher molecular weight PEs are less biologically available than the lower molecular weight ones...
  23. ncbi request reprint Gas chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry based method for the simultaneous determination of nine organotin compounds in water, sediment and tissue
    Michael G Ikonomou
    Contaminants Science Section, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada, 9860 W Saanich Rd, Sidney, BC, Canada V8L 4B2
    J Chromatogr A 975:319-33. 2002
    ..Good agreement was found between our results and assigned or indicative values for MBT, DBT, TBT, DPhT and TPhT (cyclohexyl-tins were not present in the CRM)...
  24. doi request reprint Biodegradation of N-ethyl perfluorooctane sulfonamido ethanol (EtFOSE) and EtFOSE-based phosphate diester (SAmPAP diester) in marine sediments
    Jonathan P Benskin
    AXYS Analytical Services Ltd, 2045 Mills Road West, Sidney, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 47:1381-9. 2013
    ..S, over a decade after phase-out of their production and commercial application in these countries...
  25. doi request reprint Mercury and other trace elements in farmed and wild salmon from British Columbia, Canada
    Barry C Kelly
    Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Sidney, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Toxicol Chem 27:1361-70. 2008
    ..Our findings indicate farmed and wild British Columbia salmon remain a safe source of omega-3 highly unsaturated fatty acid intake for cardioprotective and, possibly, other health benefits...
  26. ncbi request reprint Reproductive success and contaminants in tree swallows (Tachycineta bicolor) breeding at a wastewater treatment plant
    Patti L Dods
    Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Toxicol Chem 24:3106-12. 2005
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Photochemical mass balance of 2,3,7,8-TeCDD in aqueous solution under UV light shows formation of chlorinated dihydroxybiphenyls, phenoxyphenols, and dechlorination products
    Sierra Rayne
    Department of Chemistry, University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 36:1995-2002. 2002
    ..The results suggest that the photochemical conversion of PCDDs to chlorinated dihydroxybiphenyls, which are also polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) metabolites, may be an important part of their environmental fate...
  28. pmc Y-chromosomal DNA markers for discrimination of chemical substance and effluent effects on sexual differentiation in salmon
    Luis O B Afonso
    Fisheries and Oceans Canada, West Vancouver Laboratory, West Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 110:881-7. 2002
    ..Identification of the genetic sex of individual animals using sex-linked DNA markers provides a useful tool for investigating environmental factors influencing sex determination and differentiation...
  29. ncbi request reprint Assessment of environmental estrogens and the intersex/sex reversal capacity for chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in primary and final municipal wastewater effluents
    Marc P Fernandez
    University of Alberta, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Edmonton, AB, Canada
    Environ Int 33:391-6. 2007
    ....
  30. doi request reprint Bioaccumulation behaviour of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in a Canadian Arctic marine food web
    Barry C Kelly
    School of Resource and Environmental Management, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada V5A 1S6
    Sci Total Environ 401:60-72. 2008
    ..The field observations suggest PBDEs exhibit a relatively rapid rate of depuration though biotransformation in Arctic marine organisms, which is consistent with laboratory studies in fish and rats...
  31. ncbi request reprint Congener-distribution patterns and risk assessment of polychlorinated biphenyls, dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans in Korean human milk
    Yoon Hee Yang
    School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Namgu, South Korea
    Chemosphere 47:1087-95. 2002
    ..84 TEQ (PCDD/Fs) pg/g fat (based on primipara mothers)...
  32. doi request reprint Development of a magnetic particle immunoassay for polybrominated diphenyl ethers and application to environmental and food matrices
    Weilin L Shelver
    USDA ARS Biosciences Research Laboratory, P O Box 5674, Fargo, ND 58105, USA
    Chemosphere 73:S18-23. 2008
    ..Analysis of this wide variety of environmental samples by both ELISA and GC-MS demonstrated ELISA provides a timely and cost-effective method to screen for PBDEs in a variety of samples...
  33. ncbi request reprint Ion-trap tandem mass spectrometry-based analytical methodology for the determination of polychlorinated biphenyls in fish and shellfish. Performance comparison against electron-capture detection and high-resolution mass spectrometry detection
    Sergei S Verenitch
    Water and Watershed Research Program, University of Victoria, PO Box 3020 STN CSC, Victoria, British Columbia V8W 3N5, Canada
    J Chromatogr A 1142:199-208. 2007
    ..For this particular set of target analytes the specificity achievable with IT-MS/MS was comparable to that obtained by HRMS and both techniques provided comparable data in terms of accuracy and precision...
  34. ncbi request reprint An assessment of estrogenic organic contaminants in Canadian wastewaters
    Marc P Fernandez
    University of Alberta, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Edmonton, AB, Canada
    Sci Total Environ 373:250-69. 2007
    ..e. dibutyl phthalate) and natural sterols (i.e. beta-sitosterol) contributing to the overall estrogenic load...
  35. ncbi request reprint Polybrominated diphenyl ethers in blood from Korean incinerator workers and general population
    Se Jin Lee
    School of Environmental Science and Engineering, POSTECH, Pohang 790 784, Republic of Korea
    Chemosphere 67:489-97. 2007
    ..Overall, our data suggest that the occupational exposure of incinerator workers to PBDEs can be considered minor, while other lifestyle factors can have a greater contribution to PBDE exposure...
  36. ncbi request reprint Assessment of chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin and dibenzofuran trends in sediment and crab hepatopancreas from pulp mill and harbor sites using multivariate- and index-based approaches
    Mark B Yunker
    Environ Sci Technol 36:1869-78. 2002
    ..Results also implied that the main route of PCDD/Fs into crabs shifted from uptake via a pelagic food web incorporating effluent-borne PCDD/Fs associated with suspended particulate matter to uptake via a benthic food web...
  37. ncbi request reprint Spatial distribution of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in southern Ontario as measured in indoor and outdoor window organic films
    Craig M Butt
    Department of Geography, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 3G3
    Environ Sci Technol 38:724-31. 2004
    ..Mean calculated air concentrations were 4.8 pg/m3 for outdoor and 42.1 pg/m3 for indoor urban sites, indicating that urban indoor air is a source of PBDEs to urban outdoor air and the outdoor regional environment...
  38. ncbi request reprint Distribution of phthalate esters in a marine aquatic food web: comparison to polychlorinated biphenyls
    Cheryl E Mackintosh
    School of Resource and Environmental Management, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada V5A 1S6
    Environ Sci Technol 38:2011-20. 2004
    ..25 and 0.48. These results show that all DPEs tested did not biomagnify in the studied aquatic food web whereas PCBs did biomagnify...
  39. ncbi request reprint Levels and characteristic homologue patterns of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans in various incinerator emissions and in air collected near an incinerator
    Jeong Eun Oh
    School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang, Korea
    J Air Waste Manag Assoc 52:69-75. 2002
    ....
  40. ncbi request reprint Semivolatile organic compounds in window films from lower Manhattan after the September 11th World Trade Center attacks
    Craig M Butt
    Department of Geography, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 38:3514-24. 2004
    ..Gas-phase air concentrations were back-calculated from measured film concentrations using the film-air partition coefficient (KFA), and calculated air concentrations followed spatial trends observed in films...
  41. ncbi request reprint PBDEs, PBBs, and PCNs in three communities of free-ranging killer whales (Orcinus orca) from the northeastern Pacific Ocean
    Sierra Rayne
    Department of Chemistry, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada V8W 3V6
    Environ Sci Technol 38:4293-9. 2004
    ..0-31 ng/g Iw) and sigmaPCN (20-167 ng/g Iw) measured in a subset of samples, suggesting that PBDEs may represent a contaminant class of concern in these marine mammals...
  42. ncbi request reprint Sorption of phthalate esters and PCBs in a marine ecosystem
    Cheryl E Mackintosh
    School of Resource and Environmental Management, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada V5A 1S6
    Environ Sci Technol 40:3481-8. 2006
    ....
  43. ncbi request reprint Magnification and toxicity of PCBs, PCDDs, and PCDFs in upriver-migrating Pacific salmon
    Adrian M H Debruyn
    School of Resource and Environmental Management, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada V5A 1S6
    Environ Sci Technol 38:6217-24. 2004
    ..It also suggests that historic contaminant concentrations, which were greater than current concentrations, may have contributed significantly to the decline of certain Pacific salmon stocks in British Columbia...
  44. ncbi request reprint Polychlorinated biphenyls, dioxins, and furans in weaned, free-ranging northern elephant seal pups from central California, USA
    Cathy Debier
    Unite de Biochimie de la Nutrition, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Croix du Sud 2 8, B 1348 Louvain la Neuve, Belgium
    Environ Toxicol Chem 24:629-33. 2005
    ..Our results suggest that NES pups, in contrast to pups of other pinnipeds in the eastern Pacific Ocean, are exposed to low levels of persistent organic pollutants, reflecting an open ocean signal...
  45. doi request reprint Seasonal variability of the reduction in estrogenic activity at a municipal WWTP
    Marc P Fernandez
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Alberta, 3 133 Markin CNRL Natural Resources Engineering Facility, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2W2
    Water Res 42:3075-81. 2008
    ..8.(effluent temperature in degrees C)+191, p=0.005). Complementary instrumental analysis of select sample composites revealed that the free/conjugated estrogen ratio was indeed greater in the wastewater sampled during warmer temperatures...
  46. ncbi request reprint Anaerobic microbial and photochemical degradation of 4,4'-dibromodiphenyl ether
    Sierra Rayne
    Department of Chemistry, P O Box 3065, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada V8W 3V6
    Water Res 37:551-60. 2003
    ..Only photochemically induced reductive debromination was found to occur via homolytic C-Br bond cleavage, with no evidence of C-O bond cleavage or products arising from heterolytic bond cleavage...
  47. ncbi request reprint PCDDs, PCDFs, and PCBs concentrations in breast milk from two areas in Korea: body burden of mothers and implications for feeding infants
    Jiyeon Yang
    The Institute for Environmental Research, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Chemosphere 46:419-28. 2002
    ..For the first year, the body burden of an infant was predicted to be 212 TEQ ng and the daily intake of an infant was predicted to be 85 TEQ pg/kg/day, assuming the mean dioxin-related compounds concentration (27.54 TEQ pg/g fat)...
  48. ncbi request reprint Polybrominated diphenyl ether flame retardants in the North American environment
    Robert C Hale
    Department of Environmental and Aquatic Animal Health, Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William and Mary, 1208 Greate Road, Gloucester Point, VA 23062, USA
    Environ Int 29:771-9. 2003
    ..This lack of redistribution is likely due to its extremely low volatility and water solubility. Penta-BDE and Deca-BDE products are used in different applications and this may also be a factor controlling their environmental release...
  49. ncbi request reprint Predicting gas chromatographic retention times for the 209 polybrominated diphenyl ether congeners
    Sierra Rayne
    Department of Chemistry, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC V8W 3V6, Canada
    J Chromatogr A 1016:235-48. 2003
    ..o-Br, m-Br andp-Br, respectively), the semi-empirically calculated dipole moment (mu), and the natural logarithm of molecular weight (MW). A high level of predictability (R2 = 0.9972) was obtained for the model...
  50. ncbi request reprint Polychlorinated dioxins and furans from the World Trade Center attacks in exterior window films from lower Manhattan in New York City
    Sierra Rayne
    Department of Chemistry, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 39:1995-2003. 2005
    ..In comparison, profiles in Brooklyn and near mid-Manhattan exhibited congener and homologue patterns comprised mainly of hepta- and octa-CDDs, similar to that commonly reported in background air and soil...
  51. ncbi request reprint Concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans, and polychlorinated biphenyls in human blood samples from Korea
    Byung Hoon Kim
    School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, San 31 Hyojadong, Namku, Pohang 790 784, Republic of Korea
    Sci Total Environ 336:45-56. 2005
    ..967). The PBDE levels in human blood in Korea are much higher than those reported in other countries. The presence of the BDE 183 congener was characteristic in the blood of workers from an electronic dismantling facility in MWIs...
  52. doi request reprint Biodegradation of mono-alkyl phthalate esters in natural sediments
    S Victoria Otton
    School of Resource and Environmental Management, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada V5A 1S6
    Chemosphere 71:2011-6. 2008
    ....