B Fischer

Summary

Affiliation: Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. pmc Illicit opioid use in Canada: comparing social, health, and drug use characteristics of untreated users in five cities (OPICAN study)
    Benedikt Fischer
    University of Toronto and Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Urban Health 82:250-66. 2005
  2. ncbi request reprint Non-medical use of prescription opioids and public health in Canada: an urgent call for research and interventions development
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Addictions Research of British Columbia, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC
    Can J Public Health 99:182-4. 2008
  3. ncbi request reprint Safer injection facilities (SIFs) for injection drug users (IDUs) in Canada. A review and call for an evidence-focused pilot trial
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Room 2036, Toronto, ON M5S 2S1
    Can J Public Health 93:336-8. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint [Willing to undergo hepatitis C treatment in a sample of injection drug users in Toronto, Canada]
    B Fischer
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
    Presse Med 34:1209-12. 2005
  5. pmc Determinants of overdose incidents among illicit opioid users in 5 Canadian cities
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 171:235-9. 2004
  6. pmc Injection drug use and the hepatitis C virus: considerations for a targeted treatment approach--the case study of Canada
    Benedikt Fischer
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Urban Health 81:428-47. 2004
  7. ncbi request reprint Treatment for hepatitis C virus and cannabis use in illicit drug user patients: implications and questions
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Addictions Research of British Columbia CAR BC, University of Victoria, Victoria, Canada
    Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 18:1039-42. 2006
  8. ncbi request reprint Screening for antisocial personality disorder in drug users--a qualitative exploratory study on feasibility
    Benedikt Fischer
    University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 12:151-6. 2003
  9. ncbi request reprint Methadone treatment in Ontario after the 1996 regulation reforms. Results of a physician survey
    Benedikt Fischer
    Center for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Ann Med Interne (Paris) 153:2S11-21. 2002
  10. ncbi request reprint Drug-related overdose deaths in British Columbia and Ontario, 1992-2004
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 97:384-7. 2006

Detail Information

Publications57

  1. pmc Illicit opioid use in Canada: comparing social, health, and drug use characteristics of untreated users in five cities (OPICAN study)
    Benedikt Fischer
    University of Toronto and Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Urban Health 82:250-66. 2005
    ..Differentiated interventions are required...
  2. ncbi request reprint Non-medical use of prescription opioids and public health in Canada: an urgent call for research and interventions development
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Addictions Research of British Columbia, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC
    Can J Public Health 99:182-4. 2008
    ..g., undermining access to pain treatment)...
  3. ncbi request reprint Safer injection facilities (SIFs) for injection drug users (IDUs) in Canada. A review and call for an evidence-focused pilot trial
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Room 2036, Toronto, ON M5S 2S1
    Can J Public Health 93:336-8. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint [Willing to undergo hepatitis C treatment in a sample of injection drug users in Toronto, Canada]
    B Fischer
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
    Presse Med 34:1209-12. 2005
    ..Little research has been undertaken in order to discover the willingness of IDUs to receive HCV treatment, however...
  5. pmc Determinants of overdose incidents among illicit opioid users in 5 Canadian cities
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 171:235-9. 2004
    ..In this study, we examined the occurrence of and the factors associated with nonfatal overdoses within a Canadian sample of illicit opioid users not enrolled in treatment at the time of study recruitment...
  6. pmc Injection drug use and the hepatitis C virus: considerations for a targeted treatment approach--the case study of Canada
    Benedikt Fischer
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Urban Health 81:428-47. 2004
    ..The article concludes that treatment of HCV-infected illicit drug users is both feasible and may be necessary to reduce transmission and adverse outcomes in this high-risk population...
  7. ncbi request reprint Treatment for hepatitis C virus and cannabis use in illicit drug user patients: implications and questions
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Addictions Research of British Columbia CAR BC, University of Victoria, Victoria, Canada
    Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 18:1039-42. 2006
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Screening for antisocial personality disorder in drug users--a qualitative exploratory study on feasibility
    Benedikt Fischer
    University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 12:151-6. 2003
    ..Questions were seen as sex-biased. Provision of support to deal with potential emotional problems should be supplied. Potential revision should be considered to include the female perspective in the screen...
  9. ncbi request reprint Methadone treatment in Ontario after the 1996 regulation reforms. Results of a physician survey
    Benedikt Fischer
    Center for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Ann Med Interne (Paris) 153:2S11-21. 2002
    ..However, some relevant concerns about the current system exist and are discussed...
  10. ncbi request reprint Drug-related overdose deaths in British Columbia and Ontario, 1992-2004
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 97:384-7. 2006
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Understanding the parameters of non-medical use of prescription drugs: moving beyond mere numbers
    Benedikt Fischer
    University of Victoria, Canada
    Addiction 102:1931-2. 2007
  12. ncbi request reprint Comparing opiate users in methadone treatment with untreated opiate users: results of a follow-up study with a Toronto opiate user cohort
    B Fischer
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 90:299-303. 1999
    ..Research and policy implications are discussed...
  13. ncbi request reprint Reduction in injection-related HIV risk after 6 months in a low-threshold methadone treatment program
    Peggy Millson
    HIV Social, Behavioural and Epidemiological Studies Unit, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Canada
    AIDS Educ Prev 19:124-36. 2007
    ..Our findings suggest that low-threshold MMT programs can reduce the risk of HIV without the enforcement of abstinence-based policies...
  14. ncbi request reprint Determinants of health-related quality of life of opiate users at entry to low-threshold methadone programs
    Peggy Millson
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Eur Addict Res 12:74-82. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to conduct an exploratory analysis of factors associated with poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among opiate users at entry to low-threshold methadone treatment...
  15. ncbi request reprint Comparing injecting and non-injecting illicit opioid users in a multisite Canadian sample (OPICAN Cohort)
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Eur Addict Res 12:230-9. 2006
    ..Our results reinforce the need to explore potential interventions aimed at preventing the transition from non-injectors to injecting, or facilitating the transition of injectors to non-injecting, as initiated in several other contexts...
  16. doi request reprint Comparing heroin users and prescription opioid users in a Canadian multi-site population of illicit opioid users
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Addictions Research of British Columbia, University of Victoria, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Rev 27:625-32. 2008
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint The case for a heroin substitution treatment trial in Canada
    B Fischer
    Addiction Research Foundation, Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 88:367-70. 1997
    ..Such a trial should have the goal of investigating the potential of heroin substitution to significantly reduce the health and social costs to Canadians from illicit opiate use...
  18. doi request reprint Fentanyl use among street drug users in Toronto, Canada: behavioural dynamics and public health implications
    Michelle Firestone
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 20:90-2. 2009
    ..g., HCV, HIV) transmission and/or overdose. Consequently, prevalence and practices of Fentanyl use by street users require closer monitoring, targeted interventions and further research regarding risks and outcomes...
  19. ncbi request reprint Hepatitis C, illicit drug use and public health: does Canada really have a viable plan?
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 97:485-8. 2006
    ..In order to reduce the HCV disease burden, Canada needs to reconsider the scope, delivery and resourcing of both preventive and treatment interventions targeting the primary risk population of illicit drug users...
  20. ncbi request reprint Crack use as a public health problem in Canada: call for an evaluation of 'safer crack use kits'
    Emma Haydon
    University of Toronto, Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 96:185-8. 2005
    ..Systematic evaluation of the crack kits is urgently needed in order to produce definitive evidence of their health and other benefits, and to allow for evidence-based program and policy decisions in the interest of public health...
  21. ncbi request reprint Patterns of opioid and cocaine co-use: a descriptive study in a Canadian sample of untreated opioid-dependent individuals
    Francesco Leri
    Department of Psychology, College of Social and Applied Human Sciences, University of Guelph, ON, Canada
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 13:303-10. 2005
    ..These findings indicate that different individuals display different patterns of opioids and cocaine co-use...
  22. pmc Social costs of untreated opioid dependence
    R Wall
    Social, Prevention, and Health Policy Research Department, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, London, ON, Canada
    J Urban Health 77:688-722. 2000
    ..0%) and the utilization of health care (6.1%). Applying the $13,100 cost to the estimated 8,000 to 13,000 users and 2.456 million residents living in Toronto yields a range of social cost between $43 and $69 per capita...
  23. ncbi request reprint An overview of illegal opioid use and health services utilization in Canada
    S Popova
    Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont, Canada
    Public Health 120:320-8. 2006
    ..Comparative data across provinces and territories is almost entirely absent. This study was designed to provide an overview of illegal opioid use and health services utilization among illegal opioid users across Canada...
  24. ncbi request reprint Predictors of methadone maintenance treatment utilization in a multisite cohort of illicit opioid users (OPICAN)
    Benedikt Fischer
    Center for Addictions Research of British Columbia, University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
    J Subst Abuse Treat 34:340-6. 2008
    ..This study highlights potential factors relevant for improved MMT uptake and illustrates possible reductions of drug use related to MMT...
  25. ncbi request reprint Heroin-assisted treatment as a response to the public health problem of opiate dependence
    Benedikt Fischer
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, McMurrich Bldg, 109C, Toronto, ON, M5S 1A8, Canada
    Eur J Public Health 12:228-34. 2002
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint How many people in Canada use prescription opioids non-medically in general and street drug using populations?
    Svetlana Popova
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Can J Public Health 100:104-8. 2009
    ..This study aimed to estimate the number of non-medical prescription opioid (PO) users in the general and street drug using populations in Canada...
  27. ncbi request reprint Crack across Canada: Comparing crack users and crack non-users in a Canadian multi-city cohort of illicit opioid users
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health Univrersity of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Addiction 101:1760-70. 2006
    ..To examine possible differences between crack users and crack non-users across Canada...
  28. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and associated factors of hepatitis C infection (HCV) in a multi-site Canadian population of illicit opioid and other drug users (OPICAN)
    Michelle Firestone Cruz
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 98:130-3. 2007
    ..Using data from a multi-site cohort study of illicit opioid users in five Canadian cities (OPICAN), this paper explores the prevalence and predictors of HCV status in this high-risk population...
  29. ncbi request reprint Factors predicting 2-year retention in methadone maintenance treatment for opioid dependence
    Carol J Strike
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 2S1
    Addict Behav 30:1025-8. 2005
    ..In comparison with other studies, these analyses show much higher rates of retention in methadone treatment but suggest that repeat episodes may not be as beneficial as existing research suggests...
  30. pmc Heroin-assisted treatment (HAT) a decade later: a brief update on science and politics
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Addictions Research of British Columbia, University of Victoria, Victoria, Canada
    J Urban Health 84:552-62. 2007
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Using latent class analysis (LCA) to analyze patterns of drug use in a population of illegal opioid users
    Neerav Monga
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario M5S 2S1, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 88:1-8. 2007
    ..The objective of this paper is to empirically determine a categorization of illegal opioid users in Canada in order to describe and analyze drug use patterns within this population...
  32. ncbi request reprint Public opinion towards supervised injection facilities and heroin-assisted treatment in Ontario, Canada
    Michelle Firestone Cruz
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 18:54-61. 2007
    ..Given the current political climate and the tentative position of SIFs and HAT in Canada, understanding the public's opinion is crucial for the feasibility and long-term sustainability of these interventions...
  33. ncbi request reprint Increasing prevalence of cocaine as the primary detoxification diagnosis among admissions presenting with current intravenous drug use: a review of detoxification records from northern British Columbia, 1999-2005
    Russell C Callaghan
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 99:178-81. 2008
    ..This study sought to document the trends in drug use among intravenous drug users (IDUs) in northern British Columbia, and to discuss the public health implications...
  34. ncbi request reprint Compulsory drug treatment in Canada: historical origins and recent developments
    Benedikt Fischer
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Ont, Canada
    Eur Addict Res 8:61-8. 2002
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Canadian illicit opiate users' views on methadone and other opiate prescription treatment: an exploratory qualitative study
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Subst Use Misuse 37:495-522. 2002
    ....
  36. pmc Should heroin be prescribed to heroin misusers? Yes
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON M5S 2S1, Canada
    BMJ 336:70. 2008
  37. ncbi request reprint Eyes wide shut?--A conceptual and empirical critique of methadone maintenance treatment
    Benedikt Fischer
    University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Eur Addict Res 11:1-9; discussion 10-4. 2005
    ..Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has been the 'gold standard' pharmacotherapy treatment for illicit opioid dependence for over 30 years. It has been widely evaluated, and is generally claimed to be 'effective'...
  38. doi request reprint Nonmedical use of prescription opioids: furthering a meaningful research agenda
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Addictions Research, University of Victoria, Victoria, Canada
    J Pain 9:490-3; discussion 494-6. 2008
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint Self-perceived health among Canadian opiate users: a comparison to the general population and to other chronic disease populations
    Peggy E Millson
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 95:99-103. 2004
    ....
  40. ncbi request reprint The costs of alcohol, illegal drugs, and tobacco in Canada, 2002
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Room 2035B, Toronto, Ontario M5S 2S1, Canada
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 68:886-95. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to estimate costs attributable to substance use and misuse in Canada in 2002...
  41. ncbi request reprint Hepatitis C virus transmission among oral crack users: viral detection on crack paraphernalia
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Addictions Research of British Columbia, Victoria, Canada
    Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 20:29-32. 2008
    ..To this end, this exploratory study sought to detect HCV on crack-use paraphernalia used by street crack users...
  42. ncbi request reprint Prescription drug abuse in Canada and the diversion of prescription drugs into the illicit drug market
    Emma Haydon
    University of Toronto, Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 96:459-61. 2005
    ....
  43. ncbi request reprint Multiple viral hepatitis in injection drug users and associated risk factors
    Jens Reimer
    Center for Interdisciplinary Addiction Research, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol 22:80-5. 2007
    ....
  44. ncbi request reprint Drug treatment courts in Canada: an evidence-based review
    Daniel Werb
    HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev 12:12-7. 2007
    ....
  45. ncbi request reprint Health and social services accessed by a cohort of Canadian illicit opioid users outside of treatment
    Lina Noël
    Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Beauport, QC
    Can J Public Health 97:166-70. 2006
    ..To examine the use of social and health services by illicit opioid users outside of treatment in five Canadian cities ('OPICAN' cohort)...
  46. pmc Feasibility and outcome of HCV treatment in a Canadian federal prison population
    John Farley
    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Am J Public Health 95:1737-9. 2005
    ..HCV treatment in correctional inmates is feasible and effective...
  47. ncbi request reprint The importance of environmental modifiers of the relationship between substance use and harm
    Jürgen Rehn
    Addiction 99:663-6. 2004
  48. ncbi request reprint Barriers associated with the treatment of hepatitis C virus infection among illicit drug users
    Jason Grebely
    Department of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 93:141-7. 2008
    ..Illicit drug users account for the majority of cases of HCV infection in the developed world, but few have received treatment...
  49. ncbi request reprint Substitution therapy for heroin addiction
    James Bell
    The Langton Centre, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Subst Use Misuse 37:1149-78. 2002
    ....
  50. pmc Changes in illicit opioid use across Canada
    Benedikt Fischer
    CMAJ 175:1385. 2006
  51. ncbi request reprint Illicit opioid use and treatment for opioid dependence: challenges for Canada and beyond
    Benedikt Fischer
    Can J Psychiatry 51:621-3. 2006
  52. ncbi request reprint Illicit opioid use and its key characteristics: a select overview and evidence from a Canadian multisite cohort of illicit opioid users (OPICAN)
    Benedikt Fischer
    Public Health and Policy Unit, Centre for Addictions Research of British Columbia, Victoria
    Can J Psychiatry 51:624-34. 2006
    ..To summarize key characteristics and consequences of illicit opioid use from the literature and to present corresponding data from a multisite sample of illicit opioid users in 5 Canadian cities (OPICAN study)...
  53. ncbi request reprint Crack use in North American cities: the neglected 'epidemic'
    Benedikt Fischer
    Addiction 102:1340-1. 2007
  54. ncbi request reprint Prostitutes are people too
    Michael Goodyear
    Lancet 366:1264-5. 2005
  55. ncbi request reprint Injection drug use, multiple hepatitis virus infections, and migration: a German study
    Jens Reimer
    Centre for Interdisciplinary Addiction Research, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
    Subst Use Misuse 42:1353-65. 2007
    ..Low-threshold culture-sensitive drug user treatment programs should be implemented and evaluated. The study's limitations are noted...
  56. ncbi request reprint Illicit opioid use in the 21st century: witnessing a paradigm shift?
    Benedikt Fischer
    Addiction 102:499-501. 2007
  57. pmc Dealing with prostitution in Canada
    Benedikt Fischer
    CMAJ 172:13-4; author reply 14. 2005