Evan Wood

Summary

Affiliation: British Columbia
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Incarceration is associated with used syringe lending among active injection drug users with detectable plasma HIV-1 RNA: a longitudinal analysis
    M J Milloy
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    BMC Infect Dis 13:565. 2013
  2. pmc Reports of police beating and associated harms among people who inject drugs in Bangkok, Thailand: a serial cross-sectional study
    Kanna Hayashi
    Urban Health Research Initiative, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    BMC Public Health 13:733. 2013
  3. pmc Difficulty accessing crack pipes and crack pipe sharing among people who use drugs in Vancouver, Canada
    Lianping Ti
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 6:34. 2011
  4. pmc HIV testing and willingness to get HIV testing at a peer-run drop-in centre for people who inject drugs in Bangkok, Thailand
    Lianping Ti
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada
    BMC Public Health 12:189. 2012
  5. doi request reprint HIV treatment as prevention among injection drug users
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 7:151-6. 2012
  6. pmc Physician experience and rates of plasma HIV-1 RNA suppression among illicit drug users: an observational study
    Sassan Sangsari
    Department of Integrated Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    BMC Infect Dis 12:22. 2012
  7. pmc Public crack cocaine smoking and willingness to use a supervised inhalation facility: implications for street disorder
    Kora deBeck
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 6:4. 2011
  8. pmc Methamphetamine use and rates of incarceration among street-involved youth in a Canadian setting: a cross-sectional analysis
    M J Milloy
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 4:17. 2009
  9. pmc Social influences upon injection initiation among street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada: a qualitative study
    Will Small
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrarrd St, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 4:8. 2009
  10. pmc Overdose experiences among injection drug users in Bangkok, Thailand
    M J Milloy
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, 667 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Harm Reduct J 7:9. 2010

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications121 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi request reprint Incarceration is associated with used syringe lending among active injection drug users with detectable plasma HIV-1 RNA: a longitudinal analysis
    M J Milloy
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    BMC Infect Dis 13:565. 2013
    ..Thus, we sought to assess the possible role played by exposure to correctional facilities on VL non-suppression and used syringe lending among HIV-seropositive people who use injection drugs (PWID)...
  2. pmc Reports of police beating and associated harms among people who inject drugs in Bangkok, Thailand: a serial cross-sectional study
    Kanna Hayashi
    Urban Health Research Initiative, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    BMC Public Health 13:733. 2013
    ..In the wake of an intensified police crackdown in 2011, we sought to identify the prevalence and correlates of experiencing police beating among IDU in Bangkok...
  3. pmc Difficulty accessing crack pipes and crack pipe sharing among people who use drugs in Vancouver, Canada
    Lianping Ti
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 6:34. 2011
    ..Therefore, we sought to identify the prevalence and correlates of crack pipe sharing among a community-recruited sample of people who use illicit drugs in Vancouver, a setting where crack pipes are provided at low or no cost...
  4. pmc HIV testing and willingness to get HIV testing at a peer-run drop-in centre for people who inject drugs in Bangkok, Thailand
    Lianping Ti
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada
    BMC Public Health 12:189. 2012
    ..Regular HIV testing among people who inject drugs is an essential component of HIV prevention and treatment efforts. We explored HIV testing behaviour among a community-recruited sample of injection drug users (IDU) in Bangkok, Thailand...
  5. doi request reprint HIV treatment as prevention among injection drug users
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 7:151-6. 2012
    ..Injection drug users (IDUs) are an important population with respect to HIV treatment as prevention because they are often less likely to access HAART in comparison with other risk groups...
  6. pmc Physician experience and rates of plasma HIV-1 RNA suppression among illicit drug users: an observational study
    Sassan Sangsari
    Department of Integrated Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    BMC Infect Dis 12:22. 2012
    ..As there is an urgent need to improve responses to antiretroviral therapy among this population, we undertook this study to evaluate the role of physician experience on rates of plasma HIV-1 RNA suppression following initiation of ART...
  7. pmc Public crack cocaine smoking and willingness to use a supervised inhalation facility: implications for street disorder
    Kora deBeck
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 6:4. 2011
    ....
  8. pmc Methamphetamine use and rates of incarceration among street-involved youth in a Canadian setting: a cross-sectional analysis
    M J Milloy
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 4:17. 2009
    ....
  9. pmc Social influences upon injection initiation among street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada: a qualitative study
    Will Small
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrarrd St, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 4:8. 2009
    ..In order to inform epidemiological research and prevention efforts, we conducted a qualitative study to investigate the initiation of injection drug use among street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada...
  10. pmc Overdose experiences among injection drug users in Bangkok, Thailand
    M J Milloy
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, 667 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Harm Reduct J 7:9. 2010
    ..We sought to investigate non-fatal overdose experiences and responses to overdose among a community-recruited sample of injection drug users (IDU) in Bangkok, Thailand...
  11. pmc HIV/AIDS in Vancouver, British Columbia: a growing epidemic
    Colin W McInnes
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Harm Reduct J 6:5. 2009
    ..These results suggest that HIV infection is having a relatively large impact in Vancouver and that evidence-based prevention and harm reduction strategies should be expanded...
  12. pmc Assisted injection in outdoor venues: an observational study of risks and implications for service delivery and harm reduction programming
    Elisa Lloyd Smith
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Harm Reduct J 7:6. 2010
    ..These findings suggest that novel interventions are needed to address the needs of this subpopulation of IDU...
  13. pmc Incarceration experiences among a community-recruited sample of injection drug users in Bangkok, Thailand
    Kanna Hayashi
    Urban Health Research Initiative, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, Canada
    BMC Public Health 9:492. 2009
    ..However, little is known about incarceration experiences among IDU in the wake of the recent war on drugs. Therefore, we sought to examine incarceration experiences among IDU in Bangkok, Thailand...
  14. pmc 'I guess my own fancy screwed me over': transitions in drug use and the context of choice among young people entrenched in an open drug scene
    Danya Fast
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    BMC Public Health 10:126. 2010
    ..This study sought to examine young people's perspectives regarding the evolution of their drug use in the context of a local drug scene in Vancouver, Canada...
  15. pmc Determinants of hospitalization for a cutaneous injection-related infection among injection drug users: a cohort study
    Elisa Lloyd-Smith
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Providence Health Care, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    BMC Public Health 10:327. 2010
    ..The objective of this study was to investigate determinants of hospitalization for a CIRI or related infectious complication among a cohort of supervised injection facility (SIF) users...
  16. pmc Unstable housing and hepatitis C incidence among injection drug users in a Canadian setting
    Christina Kim
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    BMC Public Health 9:270. 2009
    ....
  17. pmc Pathways to HIV risk and vulnerability among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered methamphetamine users: a multi-cohort gender-based analysis
    Brandon D L Marshall
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    BMC Public Health 11:20. 2011
    ..We sought to assess potential relationships between MA use and individual, social, and structural HIV vulnerabilities among sexual minority (lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgendered) drug users...
  18. pmc Female gender predicts lower access and adherence to antiretroviral therapy in a setting of free healthcare
    Christine Tapp
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, and Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    BMC Infect Dis 11:86. 2011
    ..We evaluated access and adherence to ART in a long-term cohort of HIV-positive IDU in a setting where medical care and antiretroviral therapy are provided free of charge through a universal healthcare system...
  19. pmc Inability to access addiction treatment and risk of HIV infection among injection drug users recruited from a supervised injection facility
    M J S Milloy
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Public Health (Oxf) 32:342-9. 2010
    ..We sought to examine the prevalence and correlates of being unable to access addiction treatment in a representative sample of injection drug users randomly recruited from a supervised injection facility...
  20. pmc Methamphetamine use and malnutrition among street-involved youth
    Dan Werb
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    Harm Reduct J 7:5. 2010
    ..60, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 1.03 - 2.48, p = 0.036). Interventions seeking to address food insecurity among street youth may benefit from considering drug use patterns since methamphetamine use predicted higher risk in this setting...
  21. pmc Longitudinal community plasma HIV-1 RNA concentrations and incidence of HIV-1 among injecting drug users: prospective cohort study
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, Canada
    BMJ 338:b1649. 2009
    ..To examine the relation between plasma HIV-1 RNA concentrations in the community and HIV incidence among injecting drug users...
  22. pmc Smoking of crack cocaine as a risk factor for HIV infection among people who use injection drugs
    Kora deBeck
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 181:585-9. 2009
    ..Given the increasing use of crack cocaine, we sought to examine whether use of this illicit drug has become a risk factor for HIV infection...
  23. pmc Structural factors associated with an increased risk of HIV and sexually transmitted infection transmission among street-involved youth
    Brandon D L Marshall
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    BMC Public Health 9:7. 2009
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Incarceration experiences in a cohort of active injection drug users
    M J Milloy
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Rev 27:693-9. 2008
    ..Incarceration has been associated with a number of health-related harms among injection drug users (IDU). However, little is known about the prevalence and correlates of incarceration among community-based samples of IDU...
  25. ncbi request reprint Antiretroviral adherence and HIV treatment outcomes among HIV/HCV co-infected injection drug users: the role of methadone maintenance therapy
    Anita Palepu
    Centre for Health Evaluation and Outcome Sciences, St Paul s Hospital, University of British Columbia, BC, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 84:188-94. 2006
    ..We examined the association of methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) adherence and HIV treatment outcomes among a cohort of HIV/HCV co-infected injection drug users (IDUs)...
  26. pmc Syringe sharing and HIV incidence among injection drug users and increased access to sterile syringes
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Am J Public Health 100:1449-53. 2010
    ..We assessed the effects of syringe exchange program (SEP) policy on rates of HIV risk behavior and HIV incidence among injection drug users...
  27. ncbi request reprint Changes in injecting practices associated with the use of a medically supervised safer injection facility
    Jo Anne Stoltz
    Clinical Activities, British Columbia Centre of Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    J Public Health (Oxf) 29:35-9. 2007
    ....
  28. ncbi request reprint Total lymphocyte count as a possible surrogate of CD4 cell count to prioritize eligibility for antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected individuals in resource-limited settings
    Richard Bedell
    Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Antivir Ther 8:379-84. 2003
    ..To characterize the value of total lymphocyte counts in predicting risk of death among patients initiating triple combination antiretroviral therapy...
  29. pmc Potential uptake and correlates of willingness to use a supervised smoking facility for noninjection illicit drug use
    Courtney L C Collins
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6Z 1Y6
    J Urban Health 82:276-84. 2005
    ..Although the impact of SSFs in North America can only be quantified by scientific evaluation, these data indicate a potential for public health and community benefits if SSFs were to become available...
  30. doi request reprint Non-fatal overdose among a cohort of active injection drug users recruited from a supervised injection facility
    M J S Milloy
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 34:499-509. 2008
    ..Our findings indicate that a sub-population of IDU might benefit from overdose prevention interventions. Our findings refute the suggestion that the SIF may increase the likelihood of overdose...
  31. ncbi request reprint Characteristics of injection drug users who participate in drug dealing: implications for drug policy
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, Canada
    J Psychoactive Drugs 40:147-52. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that elements of "balanced" drug policies may undermine each other and indicate the need for alternative interventions...
  32. pmc Risk factors for developing a cutaneous injection-related infection among injection drug users: a cohort study
    Elisa Lloyd-Smith
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    BMC Public Health 8:405. 2008
    ..However, risk factors for CIRI have not been well described in the literature. We sought to characterize the risk factors for current CIRI among individuals who use North America's first supervised injection facility (SIF)...
  33. pmc Effects of police confiscation of illicit drugs and syringes among injection drug users in Vancouver
    Daniel Werb
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 19:332-8. 2008
    ..Drug market policing has been associated with various harms among injection drug users (IDU). However, little is known about instances in which drugs and injecting equipment are confiscated from IDU in the absence of a formal arrest...
  34. ncbi request reprint Requiring help injecting independently predicts incident HIV infection among injection drug users
    Jacqueline M O'Connell
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 40:83-8. 2005
    ..No prospective study has fully examined this risk factor and its relation to rates of HIV infection. We investigated whether requiring help injecting illicit drugs was a predictor of HIV infection among a prospective cohort of IDUs...
  35. pmc Recent incarceration independently associated with syringe sharing by injection drug users
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Public Health Rep 120:150-6. 2005
    ..Few prospective studies are available on the relationship between incarceration and HIV risk among injection drug users (IDUs). The authors evaluated self-reported rates of syringe sharing and incarceration among a cohort of IDUs...
  36. ncbi request reprint Continued improvement in survival among HIV-infected individuals with newer forms of highly active antiretroviral therapy
    Viviane D Lima
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    AIDS 21:685-92. 2007
    ..To characterize the temporal changes in mortality and life expectancy among HIV-positive individuals initiating antiretroviral therapy in British Columbia, Canada, from 1993 to 2004...
  37. pmc Burden of HIV infection among aboriginal injection drug users in Vancouver, British Columbia
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard St, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Am J Public Health 98:515-9. 2008
    ..We sought to examine whether there were differential rates of HIV incidence among Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal injection drug users in a Canadian setting...
  38. ncbi request reprint Rationale to evaluate medically supervised safer smoking facilities for non-injection illicit drug users
    Courtney L C Collins
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC
    Can J Public Health 96:344-7. 2005
    ..Also relevant to this topic are interventions to prevent transition into injection drug use, and SSFs may also be evaluated as a potential strategy to address this concern...
  39. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with willingness to participate in a heroin prescription program among injection drug users
    Cari L Miller
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    J Opioid Manag 1:201-3. 2005
    ..These findings indicate that a clinical trial of prescribed heroin should be able to enroll an appropriate sample of drug users and properly assess the treatment potential of prescribed opiate pharmacotherapy...
  40. pmc Incidence and determinants of initiation into cocaine injection and correlates of frequent cocaine injectors
    Elisa Lloyd-Smith
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital 608 1081, Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 99:176-82. 2009
    ..To investigate the incidence and correlates of cocaine injection initiation and the impacts of daily cocaine injection among a cohort of injection drug users...
  41. pmc Emergence of drug resistance is associated with an increased risk of death among patients first starting HAART
    Robert S Hogg
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    PLoS Med 3:e356. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the impact of the emergence of drug-resistance mutations on survival among persons initiating HAART...
  42. ncbi request reprint The impact of adherence on CD4 cell count responses among HIV-infected patients
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 35:261-8. 2004
    ....
  43. pmc Police confrontations among street-involved youth in a Canadian setting
    Lianping Ti
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6Z 1Y6
    Int J Drug Policy 24:46-51. 2013
    ..However, the extent of interaction between police and street-involved youth has not been well characterized. We examined the incidence and risk factors for police confrontations among street-involved youth in a Canadian setting...
  44. pmc Injection drug use among street-involved youth in a Canadian setting
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, British Columbia, Canada
    BMC Public Health 9:171. 2009
    ..We undertook this study to examine the prevalence of injection drug use and associated risks among street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada...
  45. pmc Incarceration and drug use patterns among a cohort of injection drug users
    Kora deBeck
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Addiction 104:69-76. 2009
    ..However, the impact of incarceration on deterring drug use remains under-evaluated. We sought to explore the relationship between incarceration and patterns of drug use among people who inject drugs (IDU)...
  46. doi request reprint Risks surrounding drug trade involvement among street-involved youth
    Daniel Werb
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 34:810-20. 2008
    ..The present study was therefore conducted to investigate factors associated with the street-level drug trade involvement among street-based youth...
  47. doi request reprint Expanding the reach of harm reduction in Thailand: experiences with a drug user-run drop-in centre
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver BC, V6Z 1Y6 Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 21:255-8. 2010
    ..In response, a drug user-led harm reduction centre opened in 2004 in an effort to expand reduction programming in Thailand...
  48. ncbi request reprint Sociodemographic disparities in access to addiction treatment among a cohort of Vancouver injection drug users
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Subst Use Misuse 40:1153-67. 2005
    ..These findings demonstrate low levels of addiction treatment among Vancouver IDUs and suggest that programs may need to be targeted towards specific populations with poor access...
  49. doi request reprint Differential impact of adherence on long-term treatment response among naive HIV-infected individuals
    Viviane D Lima
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    AIDS 22:2371-80. 2008
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint Predictors of non-fatal overdose among a cohort of polysubstance-using injection drug users
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 87:39-45. 2007
    ..Non-fatal overdose is a major determinant of morbidity among injection drug users (IDU). We sought to evaluate factors associated with non-fatal overdose among IDU in Vancouver...
  51. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with buying and selling syringes among injection drug users in a setting of one of North America's largest syringe exchange programs
    Laura M Kuyper
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, and Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Subst Use Misuse 41:883-99. 2006
    ..Syringe buyers were more likely to need help injecting, have difficulty finding new syringes, have binged on drugs, and have visited the SEP at least once weekly. Syringe buying most frequently occurred when the SEP was closed...
  52. ncbi request reprint Higher baseline levels of plasma human immunodeficiency virus type 1 RNA are associated with increased mortality after initiation of triple-drug antiretroviral therapy
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, and Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    J Infect Dis 188:1421-5. 2003
    ..71; 95% confidence interval, 1.08-2.70; P=.023). If appropriately confirmed, these findings have important implications for the development of therapeutic guidelines...
  53. doi request reprint HIV risks associated with incarceration among injection drug users: implications for prison-based public health strategies
    Daniel Werb
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    J Public Health (Oxf) 30:126-32. 2008
    ..We sought to evaluate the potential impact of incarceration on HIV risk behaviour among the IDU enrolled in a prospective cohort study...
  54. doi request reprint Increasing availability of illicit drugs among people who inject drugs in Bangkok, Thailand
    Kanna Hayashi
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 132:251-6. 2013
    ..We sought to assess temporal trends in street-level availability of illicit drugs among injection drug users (IDUs) in Bangkok, Thailand...
  55. pmc Nonfatal overdose among a cohort of street-involved youth
    Daniel Werb
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    J Adolesc Health 42:303-6. 2008
    ..Our findings indicate that nonfatal overdose was common among street-involved youth in our setting, and was associated with various forms of drug use, including methamphetamine use...
  56. pmc Emergency department utilization among a cohort of HIV-positive injecting drug users in a Canadian setting
    Nadia Fairbairn
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Emerg Med 43:236-43. 2012
    ..injection-related complications has not been well described...
  57. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and correlates of untreated human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection among persons who have died in the era of modern antiretroviral therapy
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Infect Dis 188:1164-70. 2003
    ..5%) received antiretroviral medication >or=75% of the time during their first year receiving therapy. The data demonstrate the need for novel interventions to expand HIV care to specific populations...
  58. ncbi request reprint Attendance, drug use patterns, and referrals made from North America's first supervised injection facility
    Mark W Tyndall
    Department of Medicine, and BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, St Paul s Hospital, 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 83:193-8. 2006
    ..This analysis was conducted to describe the attendance, demographic characteristics, drug use patterns, and referrals made during the first 18 months of operation...
  59. pmc A description of a peer-run supervised injection site for injection drug users
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6Z 1Y6
    J Urban Health 82:267-75. 2005
    ..The SIS provided a sterile environment for injection drug use without measured negative consequences and demonstrated the feasibility of a peer-driven low-threshold SIS...
  60. ncbi request reprint Injection drug users' perceptions regarding use of a medically supervised safer injecting facility
    Steven Petrar
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver BC, Canada V6Z 1Y6
    Addict Behav 32:1088-93. 2007
    ..This study was undertaken to explore injection drug users' experiences and opinions regarding North America's first SIF in Vancouver, Canada...
  61. pmc Elevated HIV risk behaviour among recently incarcerated injection drug users in a Canadian setting: a longitudinal analysis
    M J S Milloy
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    BMC Public Health 9:156. 2009
    ..We sought to assess the impact of incarceration on risk factors for HIV infection after release from prison in a sample of active IDU in Vancouver, Canada...
  62. pmc Drug-related risks among street youth in two neighborhoods in a Canadian setting
    Dan Werb
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, 608 1081 Burrard Avenue, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6Z 1Y6
    Health Place 16:1061-7. 2010
    ..These results demonstrate the importance of considering neighborhood variation when developing interventions aimed at reducing drug-related harms among street-involved youth at various levels of street entrenchment...
  63. ncbi request reprint Directly observed therapy programmes for anti-retroviral treatment amongst injection drug users in Vancouver: access, adherence and outcomes
    Mark W Tyndall
    Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 18:281-7. 2007
    ..The programmes initiated in Vancouver demonstrate the positive impact that a comprehensive DOT programme can have on ARV adherence, as well as highlight the challenges that remain...
  64. ncbi request reprint Impact of baseline viral load and adherence on survival of HIV-infected adults with baseline CD4 cell counts > or = 200 cells/microl
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 667 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    AIDS 20:1117-23. 2006
    ..There is uncertainty regarding the optimal strategy for patients with high plasma HIV RNA but CD4 cell count > or = 200 cells/microl...
  65. ncbi request reprint Slower uptake of HIV antiretroviral therapy among Aboriginal injection drug users
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Infect 52:233-6. 2006
    ..We examined the time to antiretroviral therapy (ART) use among antiretroviral naïve HIV infected injection drug users participating in a prospective cohort study in Vancouver, Canada...
  66. doi request reprint Ongoing drug use and outcomes from highly active antiretroviral therapy among injection drug users in a Canadian setting
    Andrea Krusi
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Antivir Ther 15:789-96. 2010
    ..We sought to investigate the influence of drug use patterns on adherence to antiretroviral therapy and virological suppression among IDUs...
  67. doi request reprint Difficulty accessing syringes and syringe borrowing among injection drug users in Bangkok, Thailand
    Thomas Kerr
    Urban Health Research Initiative, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Rev 29:157-61. 2010
    ..This study was undertaken to examine risk factors for syringe borrowing among a community-recruited sample of Thai IDU...
  68. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and correlates of cervical cancer screening among injection drug users
    Bruce McKnight
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Obstet Gynaecol Can 28:695-9. 2006
    ..However, few studies have specifically examined factors associated with cervical cancer screening among socially marginalized populations, especially in settings with free health care systems...
  69. pmc Social and structural barriers to housing among street-involved youth who use illicit drugs
    Andrea Krusi
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6Z1Y6
    Health Soc Care Community 18:282-8. 2010
    ..Our findings point to the need for housing strategies that include safe, low threshold, harm reduction focused housing options for youth who engage in illicit substance use...
  70. doi request reprint Survival sex work involvement as a primary risk factor for hepatitis C virus acquisition in drug-using youths in a canadian setting
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Division of AIDS, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard St, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:61-5. 2010
    ..To examine whether there were differential rates of hepatitis C virus (HCV) incidence in injecting drug-using youths who did and did not report involvement in survival sex work...
  71. pmc Association of highly active antiretroviral therapy coverage, population viral load, and yearly new HIV diagnoses in British Columbia, Canada: a population-based study
    Julio S G Montaner
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Providence Health Care, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Lancet 376:532-9. 2010
    ..We aimed to estimate the association between plasma HIV-1 viral load, HAART coverage, and number of new cases of HIV in the population of a Canadian province...
  72. ncbi request reprint Crystal methamphetamine use associated with non-fatal overdose among a cohort of injection drug users in Vancouver
    Nadia Fairbairn
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC Canada, V6Z 146
    Public Health 122:70-8. 2008
    ..To evaluate the prevalence and correlates of non-fatal overdose among a polysubstance-using cohort of injection drug users (IDU) in Vancouver...
  73. pmc Adherence and plasma HIV RNA responses to highly active antiretroviral therapy among HIV-1 infected injection drug users
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 169:656-61. 2003
    ..We evaluated virological responses to HAART among HIV-1 infected patients who were injection drug users (IDUs) in a population-based setting where HIV/AIDS care is delivered free of charge...
  74. ncbi request reprint Frequent needle exchange use and HIV incidence in Vancouver, Canada
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Am J Med 120:172-9. 2007
    ..Opposition to needle exchange programs has been fueled by a Vancouver study showing an association between frequent program use and elevated rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among injection drug users...
  75. doi request reprint Prevalence and correlates of jugular injections among injection drug users
    Zia Hoda
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Rev 27:442-6. 2008
    ..We evaluated factors associated with jugular injection among a cohort of injection drug users (IDU) in Vancouver, Canada...
  76. doi request reprint Nonadherence increases the risk of hospitalization among HIV-infected antiretroviral naive patients started on HAART
    Sarah J Fielden
    B C Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, Department of Interdisciplinary Studies, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic) 7:238-44. 2008
    ..Methods: Analysis was based on a cohort of individuals initiating HAART between 1996 and 2001. The primary outcome was hospitalization for one or more days. Survival methods were used to assess the impact of adherence on hospitalization...
  77. doi request reprint Estimating the economic value of British Columbia's domestic cannabis market: implications for provincial cannabis policy
    Dan Werb
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 23:436-41. 2012
    ..e., domestically consumed) cannabis market has not been characterized...
  78. pmc Risk factors for elevated HIV incidence among Aboriginal injection drug users in Vancouver
    Kevin J P Craib
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, and the Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, USA
    CMAJ 168:19-24. 2003
    ..We compared HIV incidence rates among Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal injection drug users (IDUs) in Vancouver and studied factors associated with HIV seroconversion among Aboriginal participants...
  79. pmc Displacement of Canada's largest public illicit drug market in response to a police crackdown
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital and the Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 170:1551-6. 2004
    ..A large-scale police "crackdown" to control illicit drug use in Vancouver's Downtown Eastside provided us with an opportunity to evaluate the effect...
  80. ncbi request reprint Requiring help injecting as a risk factor for HIV infection in the Vancouver epidemic: implications for HIV prevention
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver
    Can J Public Health 94:355-9. 2003
    ..This risk factor remains poorly understood. The present study investigates this risk factor among Vancouver IDUs...
  81. ncbi request reprint HIV and hepatitis C outbreaks among high-risk youth in Vancouver demands a public health response
    Cari L Miller
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, BC
    Can J Public Health 96:107-8. 2005
    ..Without focussing such resources, further HIV and HCV infections and subsequent higher health care costs appear imminent...
  82. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with methadone maintenance therapy use among a cohort of polysubstance using injection drug users in Vancouver
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6Z 1Y6
    Drug Alcohol Depend 80:329-35. 2005
    ..While the use of MMT was associated with reductions in heroin use and HIV risk behavior, barriers to Aboriginal IDUs were evident, and the association with increased crack cocaine use deserves further study...
  83. doi request reprint Impact of neighborhood-level socioeconomic status on HIV disease progression in a universal health care setting
    Ruth Joy
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 47:500-5. 2008
    ....
  84. ncbi request reprint A micro-environmental intervention to reduce the harms associated with drug-related overdose: evidence from the evaluation of Vancouver's safer injection facility
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 18:37-45. 2007
    ..Safer injection facilities (SIFs) constitute one such intervention, although little is known about the impact of such facilities on factors that mediate risk for overdose...
  85. doi request reprint Circumstances of first crystal methamphetamine use and initiation of injection drug use among high-risk youth
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Rev 27:270-6. 2008
    ..Despite the widely noted increase in crystal methamphetamine (CM) use, there are few studies on circumstances of first CM use or correlates of use among high-risk populations (e.g. street-involved youth)...
  86. pmc Police and public health partnerships: evidence from the evaluation of Vancouver's supervised injection facility
    Kora deBeck
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, B, C, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 3:11. 2008
    ..Our study suggests that the SIF provides an opportunity to coordinate policing and public health efforts and thereby resolve some of the existing tensions between public order and health initiatives...
  87. pmc Difficulty accessing syringes mediates the relationship between methamphetamine use and syringe sharing among young injection drug users
    Brandon D L Marshall
    Urban Health Research Initiative, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    AIDS Behav 15:1546-53. 2011
    ..Interventions to reduce syringe sharing among young methamphetamine injectors must address social and structural barriers to accessing HIV prevention programs...
  88. doi request reprint Severe food insecurity is associated with elevated unprotected sex among HIV-seropositive injection drug users independent of HAART use
    Kate Shannon
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    AIDS 25:2037-42. 2011
    ..To our knowledge, this study is the first to longitudinally evaluate the relationship between food insecurity and unprotected sex among HIV-seropositive people who inject drugs [injection drug users (IDUs)] both on and not on HAART...
  89. pmc Impact of a medically supervised safer injection facility on community drug use patterns: a before and after study
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    BMJ 332:220-2. 2006
    ..Supervised injecting facilities have been proposed as a potential solution, but fears have been raised that they might encourage drug use...
  90. pmc Methadone maintenance therapy promotes initiation of antiretroviral therapy among injection drug users
    Sasha Uhlmann
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    Addiction 105:907-13. 2010
    ..We examined whether methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) increased initiation and adherence to ART among an IDU population with free health care...
  91. pmc Harmful microinjecting practices among a cohort of injection drug users in vancouver Canada
    Beth Rachlis
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Subst Use Misuse 45:1351-66. 2010
    ..We sought to identify factors associated with harmful microinjecting practices in a longitudinal cohort of IDU...
  92. ncbi request reprint Changes in Canadian heroin supply coinciding with the Australian heroin shortage
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Canada
    Addiction 101:689-95. 2006
    ....
  93. doi request reprint Offer of financial incentives for unprotected sex in the context of sex work
    Caitlin L Johnston
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Rev 29:144-9. 2010
    ..Commercial sex workers (CSW) are often portrayed as vectors of disease transmission. However, the role clients play in sexual risk taking and related decision making has not been thoroughly characterised...
  94. pmc Rate of methadone use among Aboriginal opioid injection drug users
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 177:37-40. 2007
    ..We assessed the rate of methadone use in a cohort of opioid injection drug users in Vancouver and investigated whether methadone use was associated with Aboriginal ethnic background...
  95. ncbi request reprint Is there a baseline CD4 cell count that precludes a survival response to modern antiretroviral therapy?
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    AIDS 17:711-20. 2003
    ..We evaluated whether non-immune-based factors such as physician experience and adherence could affect survival among HIV-infected adults starting HAART...
  96. pmc An external evaluation of a peer-run "unsanctioned" syringe exchange program
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada BC V6Z 1Y6
    J Urban Health 80:455-64. 2003
    ..The findings also suggest that other forms of syringe-exchange programs should consider the benefits of offering fixed site nighttime service...
  97. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in HIV-1 RNA rebound attributed to incomplete antiretroviral adherence among HIV-Infected patients in a population-based cohort
    Laura M Kuyper
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 37:1470-6. 2004
    ..We therefore examined the association between gender and time to HIV-1 RNA rebound in antiretroviral-naive HIV-infected patients initiating HAART in a population-based setting...
  98. ncbi request reprint Provider bias in the selection of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor and protease inhibitor-based highly active antiretroviral therapy and HIV treatment outcomes in observational studies
    Evan Wood
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    AIDS 17:2629-34. 2003
    ....
  99. ncbi request reprint The future face of coinfection: prevalence and incidence of HIV and hepatitis C virus coinfection among young injection drug users
    Cari L Miller
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, and Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 36:743-9. 2004
    ..The median number of years injecting for youth seroconverting to a secondary infection was 3 years, suggesting that appropriate public health interventions should be implemented immediately...
  100. ncbi request reprint "Discordant" increases in CD4 cell count relative to plasma viral load in a closely followed cohort of patients initiating antiretroviral therapy
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 30:159-66. 2002
    ..We characterized plasma viral load (pVL) and CD4 cell count increases in closely followed patients to evaluate determinants and the prevalence of CD4 cell responses at a populational level...
  101. ncbi request reprint Elevated syringe borrowing among men who have sex with men: a prospective study
    Brandon D L Marshall
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:248-52. 2007
    ..Given that few prospective studies have considered the relationship between sexual activity and syringe sharing, we sought to evaluate syringe sharing among male injection drug users (IDUs) who have sex with men (MSM) in Vancouver...