Mark W Tyndall

Summary

Affiliation: British Columbia
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. pmc Impact of a medically supervised safer injecting facility on drug dealing and other drug-related crime
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 1:13. 2006
  2. pmc Police and public health partnerships: evidence from the evaluation of Vancouver's supervised injection facility
    Kora deBeck
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, B, C, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 3:11. 2008
  3. pmc Preliminary development of a scale to measure stigma relating to sexually transmitted infections among women in a high risk neighbourhood
    Melanie L A Rusch
    Division of International Health and Cross Cultural Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, USA
    BMC Womens Health 8:21. 2008
  4. ncbi Avoiding simplistic interpretations: comment on Degenhardt et al. 2005
    Mark Tyndall
    Division of Infectious Diseases, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6H 1Y6, Canada
    Addiction 100:923-4; discussion 930-2. 2005
  5. ncbi Attendance, drug use patterns, and referrals made from North America's first supervised injection facility
    Mark W Tyndall
    Department of Medicine, and BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, St Paul s Hospital, 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 83:193-8. 2006
  6. ncbi Directly observed therapy programmes for anti-retroviral treatment amongst injection drug users in Vancouver: access, adherence and outcomes
    Mark W Tyndall
    Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 18:281-7. 2007
  7. pmc Risk factors for developing a cutaneous injection-related infection among injection drug users: a cohort study
    Elisa Lloyd-Smith
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    BMC Public Health 8:405. 2008
  8. pmc Factors associated with spontaneous clearance of hepatitis C virus among illicit drug users
    Jason Grebely
    Department of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Can J Gastroenterol 21:447-51. 2007
  9. pmc Burden of HIV infection among aboriginal injection drug users in Vancouver, British Columbia
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard St, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Am J Public Health 98:515-9. 2008
  10. ncbi Antiretroviral adherence and HIV treatment outcomes among HIV/HCV co-infected injection drug users: the role of methadone maintenance therapy
    Anita Palepu
    Centre for Health Evaluation and Outcome Sciences, St Paul s Hospital, University of British Columbia, BC, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 84:188-94. 2006

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications103 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Impact of a medically supervised safer injecting facility on drug dealing and other drug-related crime
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 1:13. 2006
    ..116) or assaults/robbery (174 vs. 180), although a decline in vehicle break-ins/vehicle theft was observed (302 vs. 227). The SIF was not associated with increased drug trafficking or crimes commonly linked to drug use...
  2. pmc Police and public health partnerships: evidence from the evaluation of Vancouver's supervised injection facility
    Kora deBeck
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, B, C, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 3:11. 2008
    ..Our study suggests that the SIF provides an opportunity to coordinate policing and public health efforts and thereby resolve some of the existing tensions between public order and health initiatives...
  3. pmc Preliminary development of a scale to measure stigma relating to sexually transmitted infections among women in a high risk neighbourhood
    Melanie L A Rusch
    Division of International Health and Cross Cultural Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, USA
    BMC Womens Health 8:21. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to develop a scale to measure the unique experience of STI-related stigma among women...
  4. ncbi Avoiding simplistic interpretations: comment on Degenhardt et al. 2005
    Mark Tyndall
    Division of Infectious Diseases, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6H 1Y6, Canada
    Addiction 100:923-4; discussion 930-2. 2005
  5. ncbi Attendance, drug use patterns, and referrals made from North America's first supervised injection facility
    Mark W Tyndall
    Department of Medicine, and BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, St Paul s Hospital, 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 83:193-8. 2006
    ..This analysis was conducted to describe the attendance, demographic characteristics, drug use patterns, and referrals made during the first 18 months of operation...
  6. ncbi Directly observed therapy programmes for anti-retroviral treatment amongst injection drug users in Vancouver: access, adherence and outcomes
    Mark W Tyndall
    Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 18:281-7. 2007
    ..The programmes initiated in Vancouver demonstrate the positive impact that a comprehensive DOT programme can have on ARV adherence, as well as highlight the challenges that remain...
  7. pmc Risk factors for developing a cutaneous injection-related infection among injection drug users: a cohort study
    Elisa Lloyd-Smith
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    BMC Public Health 8:405. 2008
    ..However, risk factors for CIRI have not been well described in the literature. We sought to characterize the risk factors for current CIRI among individuals who use North America's first supervised injection facility (SIF)...
  8. pmc Factors associated with spontaneous clearance of hepatitis C virus among illicit drug users
    Jason Grebely
    Department of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Can J Gastroenterol 21:447-51. 2007
    ..Spontaneous clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV) occurs in approximately 25% of individuals...
  9. pmc Burden of HIV infection among aboriginal injection drug users in Vancouver, British Columbia
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard St, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Am J Public Health 98:515-9. 2008
    ..We sought to examine whether there were differential rates of HIV incidence among Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal injection drug users in a Canadian setting...
  10. ncbi Antiretroviral adherence and HIV treatment outcomes among HIV/HCV co-infected injection drug users: the role of methadone maintenance therapy
    Anita Palepu
    Centre for Health Evaluation and Outcome Sciences, St Paul s Hospital, University of British Columbia, BC, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 84:188-94. 2006
    ..We examined the association of methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) adherence and HIV treatment outcomes among a cohort of HIV/HCV co-infected injection drug users (IDUs)...
  11. pmc Potential uptake and correlates of willingness to use a supervised smoking facility for noninjection illicit drug use
    Courtney L C Collins
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6Z 1Y6
    J Urban Health 82:276-84. 2005
    ..Although the impact of SSFs in North America can only be quantified by scientific evaluation, these data indicate a potential for public health and community benefits if SSFs were to become available...
  12. ncbi Requiring help injecting independently predicts incident HIV infection among injection drug users
    Jacqueline M O'Connell
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 40:83-8. 2005
    ..No prospective study has fully examined this risk factor and its relation to rates of HIV infection. We investigated whether requiring help injecting illicit drugs was a predictor of HIV infection among a prospective cohort of IDUs...
  13. ncbi The potential public health and community impacts of safer injecting facilities: evidence from a cohort of injection drug users
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Center for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, British Columbia, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 32:2-8. 2003
    ..Specifically, it is presently unknown if those at greatest risk of overdose and HIV transmission or those responsible for community impact of injection drug use will be willing to attend...
  14. pmc Adherence and plasma HIV RNA responses to highly active antiretroviral therapy among HIV-1 infected injection drug users
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 169:656-61. 2003
    ..We evaluated virological responses to HAART among HIV-1 infected patients who were injection drug users (IDUs) in a population-based setting where HIV/AIDS care is delivered free of charge...
  15. pmc Structural and environmental barriers to condom use negotiation with clients among female sex workers: implications for HIV-prevention strategies and policy
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Am J Public Health 99:659-65. 2009
    ..We investigated the relationship between environmental-structural factors and condom-use negotiation with clients among female sex workers...
  16. ncbi Factors associated with buying and selling syringes among injection drug users in a setting of one of North America's largest syringe exchange programs
    Laura M Kuyper
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, and Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Subst Use Misuse 41:883-99. 2006
    ..Syringe buyers were more likely to need help injecting, have difficulty finding new syringes, have binged on drugs, and have visited the SEP at least once weekly. Syringe buying most frequently occurred when the SEP was closed...
  17. ncbi Frequent needle exchange use and HIV incidence in Vancouver, Canada
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Am J Med 120:172-9. 2007
    ..Opposition to needle exchange programs has been fueled by a Vancouver study showing an association between frequent program use and elevated rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among injection drug users...
  18. ncbi Requiring help injecting as a risk factor for HIV infection in the Vancouver epidemic: implications for HIV prevention
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver
    Can J Public Health 94:355-9. 2003
    ..This risk factor remains poorly understood. The present study investigates this risk factor among Vancouver IDUs...
  19. ncbi Rationale to evaluate medically supervised safer smoking facilities for non-injection illicit drug users
    Courtney L C Collins
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC
    Can J Public Health 96:344-7. 2005
    ..Also relevant to this topic are interventions to prevent transition into injection drug use, and SSFs may also be evaluated as a potential strategy to address this concern...
  20. pmc Rate of methadone use among Aboriginal opioid injection drug users
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 177:37-40. 2007
    ..We assessed the rate of methadone use in a cohort of opioid injection drug users in Vancouver and investigated whether methadone use was associated with Aboriginal ethnic background...
  21. doi Survival sex work involvement as a primary risk factor for hepatitis C virus acquisition in drug-using youths in a canadian setting
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Division of AIDS, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard St, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:61-5. 2010
    ..To examine whether there were differential rates of hepatitis C virus (HCV) incidence in injecting drug-using youths who did and did not report involvement in survival sex work...
  22. ncbi Prevalence and correlates of untreated human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection among persons who have died in the era of modern antiretroviral therapy
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Infect Dis 188:1164-70. 2003
    ..5%) received antiretroviral medication >or=75% of the time during their first year receiving therapy. The data demonstrate the need for novel interventions to expand HIV care to specific populations...
  23. ncbi Slower uptake of HIV antiretroviral therapy among Aboriginal injection drug users
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Infect 52:233-6. 2006
    ..We examined the time to antiretroviral therapy (ART) use among antiretroviral naïve HIV infected injection drug users participating in a prospective cohort study in Vancouver, Canada...
  24. pmc Displacement of Canada's largest public illicit drug market in response to a police crackdown
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital and the Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 170:1551-6. 2004
    ..A large-scale police "crackdown" to control illicit drug use in Vancouver's Downtown Eastside provided us with an opportunity to evaluate the effect...
  25. pmc A description of a peer-run supervised injection site for injection drug users
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6Z 1Y6
    J Urban Health 82:267-75. 2005
    ..The SIS provided a sterile environment for injection drug use without measured negative consequences and demonstrated the feasibility of a peer-driven low-threshold SIS...
  26. pmc Risk factors for elevated HIV incidence among Aboriginal injection drug users in Vancouver
    Kevin J P Craib
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, and the Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, USA
    CMAJ 168:19-24. 2003
    ..We compared HIV incidence rates among Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal injection drug users (IDUs) in Vancouver and studied factors associated with HIV seroconversion among Aboriginal participants...
  27. ncbi Sexual and drug-related vulnerabilities for HIV infection among women engaged in survival sex work in Vancouver, Canada
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Can J Public Health 98:465-9. 2007
    ..This analysis aimed to determine HIV prevalence among women engaged in survival sex work, and explore sexual and drug-related vulnerabilities associated with baseline infection...
  28. pmc Summary of findings from the evaluation of a pilot medically supervised safer injecting facility
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, and the Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 175:1399-404. 2006
    ..These findings should be useful to other cities considering supervised injecting facilities and to governments considering regulating their use...
  29. pmc Impact of supply-side policies for control of illicit drugs in the face of the AIDS and overdose epidemics: investigation of a massive heroin seizure
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 168:165-9. 2003
    ..An ongoing prospective cohort study of injection drug users afforded an opportunity to evaluate the impact of this seizure...
  30. doi HIV and HCV prevalence and gender-specific risk profiles of crack cocaine smokers and dual users of injection drugs
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Subst Use Misuse 43:521-34. 2008
    ..70, 95% CI: 1.10-2.81). These findings highlight the need for evidence-based prevention and harm reduction initiatives that directly targeting crack cocaine smokers, with particular attention given to female dual users of injection drugs...
  31. ncbi Intensive injection cocaine use as the primary risk factor in the Vancouver HIV-1 epidemic
    Mark W Tyndall
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    AIDS 17:887-93. 2003
    ..The explosive and ongoing injecting drug use-related HIV-1 epidemic in Vancouver continues to receive international attention. This study was conducted to determine how patterns of cocaine use influence the risk of HIV infection...
  32. pmc Unstable housing and hepatitis C incidence among injection drug users in a Canadian setting
    Christina Kim
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    BMC Public Health 9:270. 2009
    ....
  33. ncbi Factors associated with public injecting among users of Vancouver's supervised injection facility
    Ian McKnight
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 33:319-25. 2007
    ..We evaluated factors associated with public drug injection among a cohort of injection drug users (SEOSI) originally recruited from within Vancouver's supervised injecting facility (SIF)...
  34. ncbi Impact of HAART and injection drug use on life expectancy of two HIV-positive cohorts in British Columbia
    Elisa Lloyd-Smith
    Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    AIDS 20:445-50. 2006
    ..However, there is evidence that not all populations have benefited equally from HAART and that mortality rates are higher in HIV-infected injection drug users than in non-users...
  35. doi Validity of self-reported adherence among injection drug users
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic) 7:157-9. 2008
    ....
  36. ncbi Adherence to antiretroviral therapy and CD4 T-cell count responses among HIV-infected injection drug users
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Antivir Ther 9:229-35. 2004
    ....
  37. ncbi Do supervised injecting facilities attract higher-risk injection drug users?
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Am J Prev Med 29:126-30. 2005
    ..We examined whether North America's first SIF was attracting IDUs who were at greatest risk of overdose and blood-borne disease infection...
  38. doi Nurse-delivered safer injection education among a cohort of injection drug users: evidence from the evaluation of Vancouver's supervised injection facility
    R Alan Wood
    University of British Columbia School of Nursing, T201 2211 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 2B5 Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 19:183-8. 2008
    ..We sought to characterize the state of nursing SIE practice in Vancouver and prospectively examine SIE among SIF users...
  39. pmc Service uptake and characteristics of injection drug users utilizing North America's first medically supervised safer injecting facility
    Evan Wood
    Division of Epidemiology and Population Health, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, 608 1081 Burrard St, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Am J Public Health 96:770-3. 2006
    ..Ongoing evaluation will be required to assess its impact on overdose rates and HIV infection levels, as well as its ability to improve IDU contact with medical care and addiction treatment...
  40. doi A peer-led mobile outreach program and increased utilization of detoxification and residential drug treatment among female sex workers who use drugs in a Canadian setting
    Kathleen N Deering
    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 113:46-54. 2011
    ....
  41. pmc Changes in public order after the opening of a medically supervised safer injecting facility for illicit injection drug users
    Evan Wood
    Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 171:731-4. 2004
    ..22, 2003. Although similar facilities exist in a number of European cities and in Sydney, Australia, no standardized evaluations of their impact have been presented in the scientific literature...
  42. ncbi Demographics, sexual risk behaviours and uptake of screening for sexually transmitted infections among attendees of a weekly women-only community clinic program
    Melanie L A Rusch
    Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC
    Can J Public Health 99:257-61. 2008
    ....
  43. pmc An external evaluation of a peer-run "unsanctioned" syringe exchange program
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada BC V6Z 1Y6
    J Urban Health 80:455-64. 2003
    ..The findings also suggest that other forms of syringe-exchange programs should consider the benefits of offering fixed site nighttime service...
  44. ncbi Initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy and continuity of HIV care: the impact of incarceration and prison release on adherence and HIV treatment outcomes
    Anita Palepu
    Centre for Health Evaluation and Outcome Sciences, St Paul s Hospital, University of British Columbia, BC, Canada
    Antivir Ther 9:713-9. 2004
    ..To examine the effect of incarceration within 12 months of initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on non-adherence and HIV-1 RNA suppression...
  45. ncbi The Canadian government's treatment of scientific process and evidence: inside the evaluation of North America's first supervised injecting facility
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 19:220-5. 2008
    ....
  46. ncbi "Discordant" increases in CD4 cell count relative to plasma viral load in a closely followed cohort of patients initiating antiretroviral therapy
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 30:159-66. 2002
    ..We characterized plasma viral load (pVL) and CD4 cell count increases in closely followed patients to evaluate determinants and the prevalence of CD4 cell responses at a populational level...
  47. pmc A dose-response relationship between exposure to a large-scale HIV preventive intervention and consistent condom use with different sexual partners of female sex workers in southern India
    Kathleen N Deering
    Division of AIDS, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    BMC Public Health 11:S8. 2011
    ..This study assessed if intervention exposure was associated with condom use with FSWs' sexual partners, including a dose-response relationship...
  48. doi Determinants of cutaneous injection-related infection care at a supervised injecting facility
    Elisa Lloyd-Smith
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Ann Epidemiol 19:404-9. 2009
    ..To evaluate the factors associated with receiving cutaneous injection-related infection (CIRI) care among a representative cohort of supervised injecting facility (SIF) users...
  49. doi Factors associated with numbers of client partners of female sex workers across five districts in South India
    Kathleen N Deering
    School of Public and Population Health, University of British Columbia, James Mather Building, 5804 Fairview Ave, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T1Z3, Canada
    Sex Transm Dis 37:687-95. 2010
    ..This study investigated the structural-environmental and individual-level social factors associated with the numbers of commercial sex clients of female sex workers (FSWs) per month (CPM)...
  50. pmc Risk factors for elevated HIV incidence rates among female injection drug users in Vancouver
    Patricia M Spittal
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver
    CMAJ 166:894-9. 2002
    ..In the present study, we sought to compare HIV incidence rates among male and female injection drug users in Vancouver and to compare factors associated with HIV seroconversion...
  51. ncbi Socioeconomic status, access to triple therapy, and survival from HIV-disease since 1996
    Evan Wood
    Population Health, Division of Epidemiology and Population Health, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    AIDS 16:2065-72. 2002
    ..We have explored socioeconomic status, access to triple therapy (HAART), and mortality in the context of a universal healthcare system...
  52. pmc Access and utilization of HIV treatment and services among women sex workers in Vancouver's Downtown Eastside
    Kate Shannon
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6Z 1Y6
    J Urban Health 82:488-97. 2005
    ....
  53. ncbi Barriers associated with the treatment of hepatitis C virus infection among illicit drug users
    Jason Grebely
    Department of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 93:141-7. 2008
    ..Illicit drug users account for the majority of cases of HCV infection in the developed world, but few have received treatment...
  54. ncbi Rate of detoxification service use and its impact among a cohort of supervised injecting facility users
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital and Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Canada
    Addiction 102:916-9. 2007
    ..Vancouver, Canada recently opened a medically supervised injecting facility (SIF) where injection drug users (IDU) can inject pre-obtained illicit drugs. Critics suggest that the facility does not help IDU to reduce their drug use...
  55. ncbi Virologic and immunologic response, clinical progression, and highly active antiretroviral therapy adherence
    Natasha Press
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 31:S112-7. 2002
    ..Degree of adherence has also been shown to be associated with AIDS-related morbidity, mortality, and hospitalizations...
  56. ncbi Rationale for evaluating North America's first medically supervised safer-injecting facility
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Exellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    Lancet Infect Dis 4:301-6. 2004
    ..This rationale involves limitations in conventionally applied drug-control efforts, and gaps in current public-health policies in controlling the spread of infectious diseases, and the incidence of overdose among IDUs...
  57. ncbi Hepatitis C virus reinfection in injection drug users
    Jason Grebely
    Department of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Hepatology 44:1139-45. 2006
    ..23; 95% CI, 0.10-0.51, P < .001). In conclusion, individuals with clearance of HCV infection may have a lower risk of acquiring HCV than individuals who have never been infected, despite ongoing exposure to HCV...
  58. doi Piloting a peer-driven intervention model to increase access and adherence to antiretroviral therapy and HIV care among street-entrenched HIV-positive women in Vancouver
    Kathleen Nicole Deering
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 23:603-9. 2009
    ..Although this would not predict long-term treatment success, the PDI approach to HIV treatment support is a promising program for women who might otherwise be excluded from treatment altogether...
  59. ncbi Incarceration experiences in a cohort of active injection drug users
    M J Milloy
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Rev 27:693-9. 2008
    ..Incarceration has been associated with a number of health-related harms among injection drug users (IDU). However, little is known about the prevalence and correlates of incarceration among community-based samples of IDU...
  60. doi Non-fatal overdose among a cohort of active injection drug users recruited from a supervised injection facility
    M J S Milloy
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 34:499-509. 2008
    ..Our findings indicate that a sub-population of IDU might benefit from overdose prevention interventions. Our findings refute the suggestion that the SIF may increase the likelihood of overdose...
  61. pmc Determinants of hospitalization for a cutaneous injection-related infection among injection drug users: a cohort study
    Elisa Lloyd-Smith
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Providence Health Care, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    BMC Public Health 10:327. 2010
    ..The objective of this study was to investigate determinants of hospitalization for a CIRI or related infectious complication among a cohort of supervised injection facility (SIF) users...
  62. pmc Occupational stigma as a primary barrier to health care for street-based sex workers in Canada
    Lisa Lazarus
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Cult Health Sex 14:139-50. 2012
    ....
  63. ncbi Clients of indoor commercial sex workers: heterogeneity in patronage patterns and implications for HIV and STI propagation through sexual networks
    Valencia P Remple
    University of British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Sex Transm Dis 34:754-60. 2007
    ..To determine whether "high-risk" clients occupied important sociometric positions in sexual networks of commercial sex workers and to estimate whether they were more likely to be HIV and STI infected...
  64. ncbi Regional patterns of risk for sexually transmitted infections in British Columbia
    Kathleen N Deering
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z3
    Health Rep 21:37-44. 2010
    ..Although rates of sexually transmitted infection (STI) tend to be higher in urban Canada, the province of British Columbia has recently seen above-average rates in the northern health regions...
  65. ncbi Impaired virologic response to highly active antiretroviral therapy associated with ongoing injection drug use
    Anita Palepu
    Centre for Health Evaluation and Outcome Sciences, St Paul s Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 32:522-6. 2003
    ..07, 95% CI: 0.87-1.33). Current injection drug users were less likely to achieve HIV-1 RNA suppression compared with non-drug users. Adherence as measured by pharmacy refill compliance was not a reliable measure in this subpopulation...
  66. ncbi Satellite needle distribution among injection drug users: policy and practice in two canadian cities
    Mark W Tyndall
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver British Columbia, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 31:98-105. 2002
    ..The practice of SND appears to be an important mechanism for needle acquisition, especially for those at highest risk for HIV and hepatitis C transmission...
  67. doi Expanding access to HAART: a cost-effective approach for treating and preventing HIV
    Karissa M Johnston
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    AIDS 24:1929-35. 2010
    ..The objective in this study was to perform an economic evaluation of the incremental net benefit associated with an intervention to expand treatment with HAART in British Columbia, Canada...
  68. ncbi Sexual violence among a cohort of injection drug users
    Paula Braitstein
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 57:561-9. 2003
    ..Nevertheless, women and men are affected differently by sexual violence at different ages, and this has significant implications for health promotion programs, and specifically HIV prevention...
  69. pmc Risk-taking behaviors among injecting drug users who obtain syringes from pharmacies, fixed sites, and mobile van needle exchanges
    Cari L Miller
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, Canada
    J Urban Health 79:257-65. 2002
    ..Use of distribution beyond fixed sites will improve such outreach, thereby increasing program effectiveness and further preventing the transmission of blood-borne infections...
  70. ncbi Conducting HIV/AIDS research with indoor commercial sex workers: reaching a hidden population
    Valencia P Remple
    British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Prog Community Health Partnersh 1:161-8. 2007
    ..Although comprising up to 80% of the commercial sex industry in Canada, indoor female sex workers (FSW) are generally not represented in research because they are a hidden population and difficult to access...
  71. ncbi Impact of supervised injection facilities on community HIV levels: a public health perspective
    Mark W Tyndall
    Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 1:543-9. 2003
    ....
  72. ncbi Social and structural violence and power relations in mitigating HIV risk of drug-using women in survival sex work
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, BC Canada
    Soc Sci Med 66:911-21. 2008
    ....
  73. pmc Circumstances of first injection among illicit drug users accessing a medically supervised safer injection facility
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver
    Am J Public Health 97:1228-30. 2007
    ..These findings indicate that the safer injecting facility's benefits have not been offset by a rise in initiation into injection drug use...
  74. ncbi Discordant immunologic and virologic responses to highly active antiretroviral therapy are associated with increased mortality and poor adherence to therapy
    David M Moore
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6Z 1Y6
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 40:288-93. 2005
    ..To examine the independent association of discordant virologic and immunologic responses to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) with mortality...
  75. ncbi Safer injection facility use and syringe sharing in injection drug users
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Lancet 366:316-8. 2005
    ..30, 0.11-0.82, p=0.02) after adjustment for relevant sociodemographic and drug-use characteristics. These findings could help inform discussions about the merits of such facilities...
  76. ncbi HIV incidence and associated risk factors among young injection drug users
    Cari L Miller
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6 Canada
    AIDS 16:491-3. 2002
  77. pmc Inability to access addiction treatment and risk of HIV infection among injection drug users recruited from a supervised injection facility
    M J S Milloy
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Public Health (Oxf) 32:342-9. 2010
    ..We sought to examine the prevalence and correlates of being unable to access addiction treatment in a representative sample of injection drug users randomly recruited from a supervised injection facility...
  78. ncbi The case for expanding access to highly active antiretroviral therapy to curb the growth of the HIV epidemic
    Julio S G Montaner
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Providence Health Care, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Lancet 368:531-6. 2006
  79. doi Employment among users of a medically supervised safer injection facility
    Lindsey Richardson
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 34:519-25. 2008
    ..05, 95% CI: 0.88-1.27). These findings suggest that the SIF is not having an adverse impact on efforts to seek employment...
  80. pmc Impact of a medically supervised safer injection facility on community drug use patterns: a before and after study
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    BMJ 332:220-2. 2006
    ..Supervised injecting facilities have been proposed as a potential solution, but fears have been raised that they might encourage drug use...
  81. ncbi Changes in injecting practices associated with the use of a medically supervised safer injection facility
    Jo Anne Stoltz
    Clinical Activities, British Columbia Centre of Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    J Public Health (Oxf) 29:35-9. 2007
    ....
  82. ncbi Disease progression in patients with virological suppression in response to HAART is associated with the degree of immunological response
    David M Moore
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    AIDS 20:371-7. 2006
    ..To determine if immunological response is associated with disease progression in patients with virological suppression after initiating HAART...
  83. ncbi Predictors of non-fatal overdose among a cohort of polysubstance-using injection drug users
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 87:39-45. 2007
    ..Non-fatal overdose is a major determinant of morbidity among injection drug users (IDU). We sought to evaluate factors associated with non-fatal overdose among IDU in Vancouver...
  84. pmc Crystal methamphetamine use among female street-based sex workers: Moving beyond individual-focused interventions
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 113:76-81. 2011
    ..The findings highlight the crucial need to move beyond the individual to gender-focused safer environment interventions that mediate the physical and social risk environment of crystal methamphetamine use among FSWs...
  85. ncbi The role of diet in predicting iron deficiency anemia in HIV-positive women
    Ladan Shahvarani Renouf
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Can J Diet Pract Res 73:128-33. 2012
    ..The association between medical, social, and nutritional factors and iron deficiency anemia was examined in adult women who had tested positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and were living in the Greater Vancouver Area...
  86. ncbi Factors associated with persistent high-risk syringe sharing in the presence of an established needle exchange programme
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    AIDS 16:941-3. 2002
    ....
  87. doi Accessing care for injection-related infections through a medically supervised injecting facility: a qualitative study
    Will Small
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, University of British Columbia, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 98:159-62. 2008
    ..This study emphasizes that the facility enables contact with the healthcare system and thereby helps to facilitate the management of injection-related infections...
  88. pmc HIV/AIDS in Vancouver, British Columbia: a growing epidemic
    Colin W McInnes
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Harm Reduct J 6:5. 2009
    ..These results suggest that HIV infection is having a relatively large impact in Vancouver and that evidence-based prevention and harm reduction strategies should be expanded...
  89. pmc Estimated drug overdose deaths averted by North America's first medically-supervised safer injection facility
    M J S Milloy
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    PLoS ONE 3:e3351. 2008
    ..We sought to estimate the number of deaths potentially averted by the implementation of a medically supervised safer injection facility (SIF) in Vancouver, Canada...
  90. doi A review of barriers and facilitators of HIV treatment among injection drug users
    Evan Wood
    AIDS 22:1247-56. 2008
    ..Scale-up of evidence-based HIV treatment and prevention to injection drug users, however, will require increasing political will among both national policy-makers and international public health agencies...
  91. ncbi Rates of HIV/AIDS care and antiretroviral therapy response among active injection drug users
    Evan Wood
    Addiction 102:1503-5. 2007
  92. ncbi Patterns of opioid and cocaine co-use: a descriptive study in a Canadian sample of untreated opioid-dependent individuals
    Francesco Leri
    Department of Psychology, College of Social and Applied Human Sciences, University of Guelph, ON, Canada
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 13:303-10. 2005
    ..These findings indicate that different individuals display different patterns of opioids and cocaine co-use...
  93. ncbi Dermatologic manifestations of underlying infectious disease among illicit injection-drug users
    David Blondin
    University of Calgary, AB
    J Cutan Med Surg 12:71-6. 2008
    ..Drug use patterns and serious bloodborne infections commonly have dermatologic manifestations among illicit injection-drug users (IDUs)...
  94. ncbi Validity of self-reported antiretroviral therapy use among injection drug users
    Evan Wood
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 41:530-1. 2006
  95. ncbi The impact of a police presence on access to needle exchange programs
    Evan Wood
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 34:116-8. 2003
  96. ncbi Attendance at supervised injecting facilities and use of detoxification services
    Evan Wood
    N Engl J Med 354:2512-4. 2006
  97. pmc Potential use of safer injecting facilities among injection drug users in Vancouver's Downtown Eastside
    Thomas Kerr
    Canadian HIV AIDS Legal Network, Montreal, Que
    CMAJ 169:759-63. 2003
    ....
  98. ncbi Injection drug users' perceptions regarding use of a medically supervised safer injecting facility
    Steven Petrar
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver BC, Canada V6Z 1Y6
    Addict Behav 32:1088-93. 2007
    ..This study was undertaken to explore injection drug users' experiences and opinions regarding North America's first SIF in Vancouver, Canada...
  99. ncbi Expanding access to HIV antiretroviral therapy among marginalized populations in the developed world
    Evan Wood
    AIDS 17:2419-27. 2003
  100. ncbi Intensity of drug injection as a determinant of sustained injection cessation among chronic drug users: the interface with social factors and service utilization
    Julie Bruneau
    Departments of Psychiatry and Family Medicine, University of Montreal, Canada
    Addiction 99:727-37. 2004
    ....