Julio Montaner

Summary

Affiliation: British Columbia
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The Holy Grail: The search for undiagnosed cases is paramount in improving the cascade of care among people living with HIV
    Oghenowede Eyawo
    Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS
    Can J Public Health 104:e418-9. 2013
  2. pmc Difficulty accessing crack pipes and crack pipe sharing among people who use drugs in Vancouver, Canada
    Lianping Ti
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 6:34. 2011
  3. pmc Impact of a medically supervised safer injecting facility on drug dealing and other drug-related crime
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 1:13. 2006
  4. pmc Hunger and associated harms among injection drug users in an urban Canadian setting
    Aranka Anema
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 5:20. 2010
  5. pmc HIV/AIDS in Vancouver, British Columbia: a growing epidemic
    Colin W McInnes
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Harm Reduct J 6:5. 2009
  6. pmc Asking the right questions: developing evidence-based strategies for treating HIV in women and children
    Quarraisha Abdool Karim
    Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, New York, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:388. 2011
  7. pmc Injection drug use among street-involved youth in a Canadian setting
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, British Columbia, Canada
    BMC Public Health 9:171. 2009
  8. pmc Structural factors associated with an increased risk of HIV and sexually transmitted infection transmission among street-involved youth
    Brandon D L Marshall
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    BMC Public Health 9:7. 2009
  9. pmc Elevated HIV risk behaviour among recently incarcerated injection drug users in a Canadian setting: a longitudinal analysis
    M J S Milloy
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    BMC Public Health 9:156. 2009
  10. pmc Physician's manual reporting underestimates mortality: evidence from a population-based HIV/AIDS treatment program
    Christopher G Au-Yeung
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    BMC Public Health 10:642. 2010

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications168 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi request reprint The Holy Grail: The search for undiagnosed cases is paramount in improving the cascade of care among people living with HIV
    Oghenowede Eyawo
    Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS
    Can J Public Health 104:e418-9. 2013
    ..In the absence of a vaccine and cure for HIV, undiagnosed HIV cases represent the biggest challenge yet in the fight against HIV/AIDS. As such, identifying them should be a priority of HIV prevention programs...
  2. pmc Difficulty accessing crack pipes and crack pipe sharing among people who use drugs in Vancouver, Canada
    Lianping Ti
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 6:34. 2011
    ..Therefore, we sought to identify the prevalence and correlates of crack pipe sharing among a community-recruited sample of people who use illicit drugs in Vancouver, a setting where crack pipes are provided at low or no cost...
  3. pmc Impact of a medically supervised safer injecting facility on drug dealing and other drug-related crime
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 1:13. 2006
    ..116) or assaults/robbery (174 vs. 180), although a decline in vehicle break-ins/vehicle theft was observed (302 vs. 227). The SIF was not associated with increased drug trafficking or crimes commonly linked to drug use...
  4. pmc Hunger and associated harms among injection drug users in an urban Canadian setting
    Aranka Anema
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 5:20. 2010
    ..Food insufficiency is often associated with health risks and adverse outcomes among marginalized populations. However, little is known about correlates of food insufficiency among injection drug users (IDU)...
  5. pmc HIV/AIDS in Vancouver, British Columbia: a growing epidemic
    Colin W McInnes
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Harm Reduct J 6:5. 2009
    ..These results suggest that HIV infection is having a relatively large impact in Vancouver and that evidence-based prevention and harm reduction strategies should be expanded...
  6. pmc Asking the right questions: developing evidence-based strategies for treating HIV in women and children
    Quarraisha Abdool Karim
    Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, New York, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:388. 2011
    ..The guideline's new goals present an opportunity for advancing the women and children's agenda outlined in the Consensus Statement...
  7. pmc Injection drug use among street-involved youth in a Canadian setting
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, British Columbia, Canada
    BMC Public Health 9:171. 2009
    ..We undertook this study to examine the prevalence of injection drug use and associated risks among street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada...
  8. pmc Structural factors associated with an increased risk of HIV and sexually transmitted infection transmission among street-involved youth
    Brandon D L Marshall
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    BMC Public Health 9:7. 2009
    ....
  9. pmc Elevated HIV risk behaviour among recently incarcerated injection drug users in a Canadian setting: a longitudinal analysis
    M J S Milloy
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    BMC Public Health 9:156. 2009
    ..We sought to assess the impact of incarceration on risk factors for HIV infection after release from prison in a sample of active IDU in Vancouver, Canada...
  10. pmc Physician's manual reporting underestimates mortality: evidence from a population-based HIV/AIDS treatment program
    Christopher G Au-Yeung
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    BMC Public Health 10:642. 2010
    ..We examined the rate of underreporting of deaths by manual methods as compared with electronic reports from a vital event registry...
  11. pmc Determinants of hospitalization for a cutaneous injection-related infection among injection drug users: a cohort study
    Elisa Lloyd-Smith
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Providence Health Care, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    BMC Public Health 10:327. 2010
    ..The objective of this study was to investigate determinants of hospitalization for a CIRI or related infectious complication among a cohort of supervised injection facility (SIF) users...
  12. pmc Unstable housing and hepatitis C incidence among injection drug users in a Canadian setting
    Christina Kim
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    BMC Public Health 9:270. 2009
    ....
  13. pmc Risk factors for developing a cutaneous injection-related infection among injection drug users: a cohort study
    Elisa Lloyd-Smith
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    BMC Public Health 8:405. 2008
    ..However, risk factors for CIRI have not been well described in the literature. We sought to characterize the risk factors for current CIRI among individuals who use North America's first supervised injection facility (SIF)...
  14. pmc Pathways to HIV risk and vulnerability among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered methamphetamine users: a multi-cohort gender-based analysis
    Brandon D L Marshall
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    BMC Public Health 11:20. 2011
    ..We sought to assess potential relationships between MA use and individual, social, and structural HIV vulnerabilities among sexual minority (lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgendered) drug users...
  15. pmc High lifetime pregnancy and low contraceptive usage among sex workers who use drugs- an unmet reproductive health need
    Putu Duff
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:61. 2011
    ..The objective of this study was to describe levels of pregnancy and contraceptive usage among a cohort of street-based female sex workers (FSWs) in Vancouver...
  16. pmc Regional differences in rates of HIV-1 viral load monitoring in Canada: Insights and implications for antiretroviral care in high income countries
    Janet M Raboud
    Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    BMC Infect Dis 10:40. 2010
    ....
  17. pmc Estimating the impact of expanded access to antiretroviral therapy on maternal, paternal and double orphans in sub-Saharan Africa, 2009-2020
    Aranka Anema
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    AIDS Res Ther 8:13. 2011
    ..abstract:..
  18. pmc Efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetics of once-daily saquinavir soft-gelatin capsule/ritonavir in antiretroviral-naive, HIV-infected patients
    Julio S G Montaner
    St Paul s Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    MedGenMed 8:36. 2006
    ..Once-daily HIV treatment regimens are being used in clinical practice with the objective of improving patient acceptance and adherence...
  19. ncbi request reprint The case for expanding access to highly active antiretroviral therapy to curb the growth of the HIV epidemic
    Julio S G Montaner
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Providence Health Care, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Lancet 368:531-6. 2006
  20. doi request reprint Expanded highly active antiretroviral therapy coverage among HIV-positive drug users to improve individual and public health outcomes
    Julio S G Montaner
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Providence Health Care, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:S5-9. 2010
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Prognostic staging of extensively pretreated patients with advanced HIV-1 disease
    Julio Montaner
    St Paul s Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    HIV Clin Trials 6:281-90. 2005
    ..Positive prognostic factors (PPFs) in the TORO trials could serve as the basis for a prognostically meaningful staging of treatment-experienced patients initiating a new antiretroviral regimen...
  22. pmc Association of highly active antiretroviral therapy coverage, population viral load, and yearly new HIV diagnoses in British Columbia, Canada: a population-based study
    Julio S G Montaner
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Providence Health Care, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Lancet 376:532-9. 2010
    ..We aimed to estimate the association between plasma HIV-1 viral load, HAART coverage, and number of new cases of HIV in the population of a Canadian province...
  23. ncbi request reprint Incarceration experiences in a cohort of active injection drug users
    M J Milloy
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Rev 27:693-9. 2008
    ..Incarceration has been associated with a number of health-related harms among injection drug users (IDU). However, little is known about the prevalence and correlates of incarceration among community-based samples of IDU...
  24. pmc Smoking of crack cocaine as a risk factor for HIV infection among people who use injection drugs
    Kora deBeck
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 181:585-9. 2009
    ..Given the increasing use of crack cocaine, we sought to examine whether use of this illicit drug has become a risk factor for HIV infection...
  25. pmc Syringe sharing and HIV incidence among injection drug users and increased access to sterile syringes
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Am J Public Health 100:1449-53. 2010
    ..We assessed the effects of syringe exchange program (SEP) policy on rates of HIV risk behavior and HIV incidence among injection drug users...
  26. doi request reprint HIV risks associated with incarceration among injection drug users: implications for prison-based public health strategies
    Daniel Werb
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    J Public Health (Oxf) 30:126-32. 2008
    ..We sought to evaluate the potential impact of incarceration on HIV risk behaviour among the IDU enrolled in a prospective cohort study...
  27. ncbi request reprint Changes in injecting practices associated with the use of a medically supervised safer injection facility
    Jo Anne Stoltz
    Clinical Activities, British Columbia Centre of Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    J Public Health (Oxf) 29:35-9. 2007
    ....
  28. pmc Social and environmental predictors of plasma HIV RNA rebound among injection drug users treated with antiretroviral therapy
    M J Milloy
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 59:393-9. 2012
    ..Although studies have suggested higher rates of plasma viral load (PVL) rebound among IDU on antiretroviral therapy (ART), risk factors for rebound have not been thoroughly investigated...
  29. doi request reprint Ongoing drug use and outcomes from highly active antiretroviral therapy among injection drug users in a Canadian setting
    Andrea Krusi
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Antivir Ther 15:789-96. 2010
    ..We sought to investigate the influence of drug use patterns on adherence to antiretroviral therapy and virological suppression among IDUs...
  30. doi request reprint Effect of methadone treatment on incarceration rates among injection drug users
    Daniel Werb
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Pauls Hospital, Vancouver, B C, Canada
    Eur Addict Res 14:143-9. 2008
    ..However, questions remain concerning the effect of MMT in reducing rates of incarceration among IDU. We therefore sought to investigate the long-term effect of MMT on rates of incarceration...
  31. doi request reprint Risks surrounding drug trade involvement among street-involved youth
    Daniel Werb
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 34:810-20. 2008
    ..The present study was therefore conducted to investigate factors associated with the street-level drug trade involvement among street-based youth...
  32. pmc Incarceration and drug use patterns among a cohort of injection drug users
    Kora deBeck
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Addiction 104:69-76. 2009
    ..However, the impact of incarceration on deterring drug use remains under-evaluated. We sought to explore the relationship between incarceration and patterns of drug use among people who inject drugs (IDU)...
  33. ncbi request reprint Total lymphocyte count as a possible surrogate of CD4 cell count to prioritize eligibility for antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected individuals in resource-limited settings
    Richard Bedell
    Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Antivir Ther 8:379-84. 2003
    ..To characterize the value of total lymphocyte counts in predicting risk of death among patients initiating triple combination antiretroviral therapy...
  34. doi request reprint Estimating the economic value of British Columbia's domestic cannabis market: implications for provincial cannabis policy
    Dan Werb
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 23:436-41. 2012
    ..e., domestically consumed) cannabis market has not been characterized...
  35. pmc Police and public health partnerships: evidence from the evaluation of Vancouver's supervised injection facility
    Kora deBeck
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, B, C, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 3:11. 2008
    ..Our study suggests that the SIF provides an opportunity to coordinate policing and public health efforts and thereby resolve some of the existing tensions between public order and health initiatives...
  36. pmc Effects of police confiscation of illicit drugs and syringes among injection drug users in Vancouver
    Daniel Werb
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 19:332-8. 2008
    ..Drug market policing has been associated with various harms among injection drug users (IDU). However, little is known about instances in which drugs and injecting equipment are confiscated from IDU in the absence of a formal arrest...
  37. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and clinical implications of insertions in the HIV-1 p6Gag N-terminal region in drug-naive individuals initiating antiretroviral therapy
    Zabrina L Brumme
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Antivir Ther 8:91-6. 2003
    ..1). The data suggest that HIV p6Gag insertions are not exclusively related to drug resistance and may not influence response to antiretroviral therapy, but may be linked to sequence variations in the HIV envelope...
  38. pmc Housing status and the health of people living with HIV/AIDS
    M J Milloy
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, B C, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Curr HIV/AIDS Rep 9:364-74. 2012
    ....
  39. pmc Interest in low-threshold employment among people who inject illicit drugs: implications for street disorder
    Kora deBeck
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6Z 1Y6
    Int J Drug Policy 22:376-84. 2011
    ..Among a cohort of injection drug users (IDU) we sought to examine street-based income generation practices and willingness to forgo these sources of income if other low-threshold work opportunities were made available...
  40. pmc Public crack cocaine smoking and willingness to use a supervised inhalation facility: implications for street disorder
    Kora deBeck
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 6:4. 2011
    ....
  41. pmc A dose-dependent relationship between exposure to a street-based drug scene and health-related harms among people who use injection drugs
    Kora deBeck
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    J Urban Health 88:724-35. 2011
    ..These findings highlight opportunities for policy interventions to address exposure to street disorder in the areas of employment, housing, and addiction treatment...
  42. ncbi request reprint Predictors of non-fatal overdose among a cohort of polysubstance-using injection drug users
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 87:39-45. 2007
    ..Non-fatal overdose is a major determinant of morbidity among injection drug users (IDU). We sought to evaluate factors associated with non-fatal overdose among IDU in Vancouver...
  43. doi request reprint The impact of incarceration upon adherence to HIV treatment among HIV-positive injection drug users: a qualitative study
    Will Small
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    AIDS Care 21:708-14. 2009
    ..We sought to qualitatively evaluate experiences with HAART among HIV-positive IDU who had been recently incarcerated within provincial prisons in British Columbia in order to identify factors influencing adherence to treatment...
  44. doi request reprint Validity of self-reported adherence among injection drug users
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic) 7:157-9. 2008
    ....
  45. ncbi request reprint Predictors of HIV drug-resistance mutations in a large antiretroviral-naive cohort initiating triple antiretroviral therapy
    P Richard Harrigan
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, and Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    J Infect Dis 191:339-47. 2005
    ....
  46. ncbi request reprint Antiretroviral resistance among HIV-infected persons who have died in British Columbia, in the era of modern antiretroviral therapy
    Magdalena A Recsky
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Infect Dis 190:285-92. 2004
    ....
  47. ncbi request reprint Antiretroviral adherence and HIV treatment outcomes among HIV/HCV co-infected injection drug users: the role of methadone maintenance therapy
    Anita Palepu
    Centre for Health Evaluation and Outcome Sciences, St Paul s Hospital, University of British Columbia, BC, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 84:188-94. 2006
    ..We examined the association of methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) adherence and HIV treatment outcomes among a cohort of HIV/HCV co-infected injection drug users (IDUs)...
  48. ncbi request reprint Crystal methamphetamine use associated with non-fatal overdose among a cohort of injection drug users in Vancouver
    Nadia Fairbairn
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC Canada, V6Z 146
    Public Health 122:70-8. 2008
    ..To evaluate the prevalence and correlates of non-fatal overdose among a polysubstance-using cohort of injection drug users (IDU) in Vancouver...
  49. doi request reprint Injection drug use and HIV antiretroviral therapy discontinuation in a Canadian setting
    Dan Werb
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    AIDS Behav 17:68-73. 2013
    ..However, public drug use was significantly predictive of ART discontinuation. Our findings may contribute to a reconsideration of the role of active drug use in determining retention in ART programs among IDU...
  50. pmc Homelessness as a structural barrier to effective antiretroviral therapy among HIV-seropositive illicit drug users in a Canadian setting
    M J Milloy
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 26:60-7. 2012
    ..However, since this relationship appears to be mediated by lower levels of ART adherence, interventions to improve adherence among members of this vulnerable population are needed...
  51. pmc Female gender predicts lower access and adherence to antiretroviral therapy in a setting of free healthcare
    Christine Tapp
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, and Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    BMC Infect Dis 11:86. 2011
    ..We evaluated access and adherence to ART in a long-term cohort of HIV-positive IDU in a setting where medical care and antiretroviral therapy are provided free of charge through a universal healthcare system...
  52. doi request reprint Effect of drug law enforcement on drug market violence: a systematic review
    Dan Werb
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 22:87-94. 2011
    ..In this context, and since drug prohibition has not meaningfully reduced drug supply, alternative regulatory models will be required if drug supply and drug market violence are to be meaningfully reduced...
  53. pmc Crystal methamphetamine use among female street-based sex workers: Moving beyond individual-focused interventions
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 113:76-81. 2011
    ..The findings highlight the crucial need to move beyond the individual to gender-focused safer environment interventions that mediate the physical and social risk environment of crystal methamphetamine use among FSWs...
  54. pmc Nonfatal overdose among a cohort of street-involved youth
    Daniel Werb
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    J Adolesc Health 42:303-6. 2008
    ..Our findings indicate that nonfatal overdose was common among street-involved youth in our setting, and was associated with various forms of drug use, including methamphetamine use...
  55. pmc Inability to access addiction treatment and risk of HIV infection among injection drug users recruited from a supervised injection facility
    M J S Milloy
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Public Health (Oxf) 32:342-9. 2010
    ..We sought to examine the prevalence and correlates of being unable to access addiction treatment in a representative sample of injection drug users randomly recruited from a supervised injection facility...
  56. doi request reprint Prevalence and correlates of jugular injections among injection drug users
    Zia Hoda
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Rev 27:442-6. 2008
    ..We evaluated factors associated with jugular injection among a cohort of injection drug users (IDU) in Vancouver, Canada...
  57. pmc Incidence and determinants of initiation into cocaine injection and correlates of frequent cocaine injectors
    Elisa Lloyd-Smith
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital 608 1081, Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 99:176-82. 2009
    ..To investigate the incidence and correlates of cocaine injection initiation and the impacts of daily cocaine injection among a cohort of injection drug users...
  58. pmc Homelessness independently predicts injection drug use initiation among street-involved youth in a Canadian setting
    Cindy Feng
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Adolesc Health 52:499-501. 2013
    ..This longitudinal study examines the association between homelessness and injection drug use initiation among a cohort of street-involved youth in a setting of high-prevalence crystal methamphetamine use...
  59. pmc Methamphetamine use and rates of incarceration among street-involved youth in a Canadian setting: a cross-sectional analysis
    M J Milloy
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 4:17. 2009
    ....
  60. doi request reprint Employment among users of a medically supervised safer injection facility
    Lindsey Richardson
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 34:519-25. 2008
    ..05, 95% CI: 0.88-1.27). These findings suggest that the SIF is not having an adverse impact on efforts to seek employment...
  61. ncbi request reprint Barriers and facilitators to methadone maintenance therapy use among illicit opiate injection drug users in Vancouver
    Cody Callon
    British Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Opioid Manag 2:35-41. 2006
    ..These findings indicate the need for additional interventions aimed at maximizing coverage of MMT and other treatments for opiate-addicted individuals...
  62. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and correlates of cervical cancer screening among injection drug users
    Bruce McKnight
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Obstet Gynaecol Can 28:695-9. 2006
    ..However, few studies have specifically examined factors associated with cervical cancer screening among socially marginalized populations, especially in settings with free health care systems...
  63. pmc Dose-response effect of incarceration events on nonadherence to HIV antiretroviral therapy among injection drug users
    M J Milloy
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    J Infect Dis 203:1215-21. 2011
    ..Although some studies have identified impressive clinical gains for incarcerated HIV-seropositive injection drug users (IDUs) undergoing antiretroviral therapy (ART), the effect of incarceration on adherence to ART remains undetermined...
  64. doi request reprint Modelling crack cocaine use trends over 10 years in a Canadian setting
    Dan Werb
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Rev 29:271-7. 2010
    ..We investigated longitudinal patterns of crack cocaine use among polydrug users in Vancouver, Canada...
  65. doi request reprint Injection drug use cessation and use of North America's first medically supervised safer injecting facility
    Kora deBeck
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 113:172-6. 2011
    ..There has been concern that the program may facilitate ongoing drug use and delay entry into addiction treatment...
  66. ncbi request reprint Nontuberculous mycobacterial immune reconstitution syndrome in HIV-infected patients: spectrum of disease and long-term follow-up
    Peter Phillips
    Division of Infectious Diseases, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Clin Infect Dis 41:1483-97. 2005
    ..The long-term outcome and spectrum of disease of nontuberculous mycobacterial immune reconstitution syndrome have not been described...
  67. ncbi request reprint Impact of baseline viral load and adherence on survival of HIV-infected adults with baseline CD4 cell counts > or = 200 cells/microl
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 667 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    AIDS 20:1117-23. 2006
    ..There is uncertainty regarding the optimal strategy for patients with high plasma HIV RNA but CD4 cell count > or = 200 cells/microl...
  68. ncbi request reprint Intermittent use of triple-combination therapy is predictive of mortality at baseline and after 1 year of follow-up
    Robert S Hogg
    Division of Epidemiology and Population Health, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, British Columbia V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    AIDS 16:1051-8. 2002
    ..To characterize the impact of intermittent use of triple drug antiretroviral therapy on survival...
  69. ncbi request reprint Management of HIV-infected patients with multidrug-resistant virus
    Marianne Harris
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Providence Health Care University of British Columbia, 667 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Curr HIV/AIDS Rep 1:116-21. 2004
    ..Some new drugs are available that may be helpful if used carefully with an active background regimen...
  70. pmc Improved virological outcomes in British Columbia concomitant with decreasing incidence of HIV type 1 drug resistance detection
    Vikram S Gill
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Clin Infect Dis 50:98-105. 2010
    ....
  71. doi request reprint Expanded access to highly active antiretroviral therapy: a potentially powerful strategy to curb the growth of the HIV epidemic
    Viviane D Lima
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, British Columbia, Canada
    J Infect Dis 198:59-67. 2008
    ..These results provide powerful additional motivation to accelerate the roll out of HAART programs aggressively targeting those in medical need, both for their own benefit and as a means of decreasing new HIV infections...
  72. ncbi request reprint Higher baseline levels of plasma human immunodeficiency virus type 1 RNA are associated with increased mortality after initiation of triple-drug antiretroviral therapy
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, and Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    J Infect Dis 188:1421-5. 2003
    ..71; 95% confidence interval, 1.08-2.70; P=.023). If appropriately confirmed, these findings have important implications for the development of therapeutic guidelines...
  73. ncbi request reprint Clinical and immunological impact of HIV envelope V3 sequence variation after starting initial triple antiretroviral therapy
    Zabrina L Brumme
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, The Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, 603 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6Z 1Y6
    AIDS 18:F1-9. 2004
    ..We wished to determine the impact of specific V3 genotypes associated with viral phenotype and co-receptor usage on response to initial triple antiretroviral therapy...
  74. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and correlates of untreated human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection among persons who have died in the era of modern antiretroviral therapy
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Infect Dis 188:1164-70. 2003
    ..5%) received antiretroviral medication >or=75% of the time during their first year receiving therapy. The data demonstrate the need for novel interventions to expand HIV care to specific populations...
  75. doi request reprint Street-level policing in the Downtown Eastside of Vancouver, Canada, during the 2010 Winter Olympics
    Will Small
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 23:128-33. 2012
    ..We examined street-level policing in the Downtown Eastside (DTES) of Vancouver during the Olympic Winter games, to assess the potential impact on access to harm reduction services and injection-related risk behaviour...
  76. doi request reprint Violence among street-involved youth: the role of methamphetamine
    Ian Martin
    Department of Family Practice, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Eur Addict Res 15:32-8. 2009
    ..This study investigated a possible association between violence and the use of drugs, particularly methamphetamine and alcohol...
  77. doi request reprint Social and structural determinants of HAART access and adherence among injection drug users
    Andrea Krusi
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 21:4-9. 2010
    ....
  78. pmc Use of North America's first medically supervised safer injecting facility among HIV-positive injection drug users
    Hudson Reddon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    AIDS Educ Prev 23:412-22. 2011
    ..The SIF appears to have attracted a high-risk subpopulation of HIV-positive IDUs; this coverage perhaps could be extended with the addition of HIV-specific services such as disease monitoring and the provision of antiretroviral therapy...
  79. ncbi request reprint Safer injection facility use and syringe sharing in injection drug users
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Lancet 366:316-8. 2005
    ..30, 0.11-0.82, p=0.02) after adjustment for relevant sociodemographic and drug-use characteristics. These findings could help inform discussions about the merits of such facilities...
  80. doi request reprint Migration adversely affects antiretroviral adherence in a population-based cohort of HIV/AIDS patients
    Viviane Lima
    HIV AIDS Drug Treatment Program, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6Z 1Y6
    Soc Sci Med 68:1044-9. 2009
    ..These results suggest that proactive strategies are needed to ensure that antiretroviral therapy remains available on a continued basis to highly migrant populations...
  81. pmc Impact of a medically supervised safer injection facility on community drug use patterns: a before and after study
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    BMJ 332:220-2. 2006
    ..Supervised injecting facilities have been proposed as a potential solution, but fears have been raised that they might encourage drug use...
  82. pmc Crystal methamphetamine injection predicts slower HIV RNA suppression among injection drug users
    Nadia Fairbairn
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Addict Behav 36:762-3. 2011
    ..63 [95% CI: 0.40-0.98]; p=0.039). This study is the first to our knowledge to demonstrate an association between crystal methamphetamine use and HIV RNA suppression...
  83. ncbi request reprint Is there a baseline CD4 cell count that precludes a survival response to modern antiretroviral therapy?
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    AIDS 17:711-20. 2003
    ..We evaluated whether non-immune-based factors such as physician experience and adherence could affect survival among HIV-infected adults starting HAART...
  84. ncbi request reprint "Discordant" increases in CD4 cell count relative to plasma viral load in a closely followed cohort of patients initiating antiretroviral therapy
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 30:159-66. 2002
    ..We characterized plasma viral load (pVL) and CD4 cell count increases in closely followed patients to evaluate determinants and the prevalence of CD4 cell responses at a populational level...
  85. ncbi request reprint Provider bias in the selection of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor and protease inhibitor-based highly active antiretroviral therapy and HIV treatment outcomes in observational studies
    Evan Wood
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    AIDS 17:2629-34. 2003
    ....
  86. doi request reprint Does ratification of human-rights treaties have effects on population health?
    Alexis Palmer
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Lancet 373:1987-92. 2009
    ....
  87. ncbi request reprint Modest decreases in NNRTI susceptibility do not influence virological outcome in patients receiving initial NNRTI-containing triple therapy
    P Richard Harrigan
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Antivir Ther 8:395-402. 2003
    ....
  88. ncbi request reprint The impact of adherence on CD4 cell count responses among HIV-infected patients
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 35:261-8. 2004
    ....
  89. ncbi request reprint Effects of human leukocyte antigen class I genetic parameters on clinical outcomes and survival after initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy
    Zabrina L Brumme
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Infect Dis 195:1694-704. 2007
    ....
  90. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in HIV-1 RNA rebound attributed to incomplete antiretroviral adherence among HIV-Infected patients in a population-based cohort
    Laura M Kuyper
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 37:1470-6. 2004
    ..We therefore examined the association between gender and time to HIV-1 RNA rebound in antiretroviral-naive HIV-infected patients initiating HAART in a population-based setting...
  91. ncbi request reprint Hepatitis C coinfection is independently associated with decreased adherence to antiretroviral therapy in a population-based HIV cohort
    Paula Braitstein
    British Columbia Center for Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    AIDS 20:323-31. 2006
    ..To characterize the impact of hepatitis C (HCV) serostatus on adherence to antiretroviral treatment (ART) among HIV-infected adults initiating ART...
  92. ncbi request reprint Opportunities for prevention: hepatitis C prevalence and incidence in a cohort of young injection drug users
    Cari L Miller
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Hepatology 36:737-42. 2002
    ..Thus, there is a window of opportunity for prevention. However, the incidence rate of HCV among these young IDUs is alarming, suggesting that the opportunity to intervene is exceedingly small...
  93. ncbi request reprint Intentional nonadherence due to adverse symptoms associated with antiretroviral therapy
    Katherine V Heath
    Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 31:211-7. 2002
    ..To estimate the frequency and possible predictors of patient-mediated intentional alterations in antiretroviral medication regimens in direct response to symptoms associated with antiretroviral therapy use...
  94. pmc Physician experience and rates of plasma HIV-1 RNA suppression among illicit drug users: an observational study
    Sassan Sangsari
    Department of Integrated Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    BMC Infect Dis 12:22. 2012
    ..As there is an urgent need to improve responses to antiretroviral therapy among this population, we undertook this study to evaluate the role of physician experience on rates of plasma HIV-1 RNA suppression following initiation of ART...
  95. pmc The validity of reporting willingness to use a supervised injecting facility on subsequent program use among people who use injection drugs
    Kora deBeck
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, Canada
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 38:55-62. 2012
    ..The validity of these surveys has not been fully evaluated. We sought to determine whether measures of willingness collected prior to the opening of a Canadian SIF accurately predicted subsequent use of the program...
  96. pmc Estimated drug overdose deaths averted by North America's first medically-supervised safer injection facility
    M J S Milloy
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    PLoS ONE 3:e3351. 2008
    ..We sought to estimate the number of deaths potentially averted by the implementation of a medically supervised safer injection facility (SIF) in Vancouver, Canada...
  97. pmc Methadone use among HIV-positive injection drug users in a Canadian setting
    Tyler Pettes
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Subst Abuse Treat 39:174-9. 2010
    ..49, 95%CI = 1.81-11.13) was positively associated with subsequent discontinuation of MMT. These findings demonstrate the benefits of MMT among HIV-positive IDU and the need to improve access to and retention in MMT...
  98. doi request reprint Lopinavir/ritonavir pharmacokinetics in a substitution of high-dose soft-gelatin capsule to tablet formulation
    Mark W Hull
    Canadian HIV Trials Network, Vancouver, Canada
    J Clin Pharmacol 49:155-61. 2009
    ....
  99. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with buying and selling syringes among injection drug users in a setting of one of North America's largest syringe exchange programs
    Laura M Kuyper
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, and Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Subst Use Misuse 41:883-99. 2006
    ..Syringe buyers were more likely to need help injecting, have difficulty finding new syringes, have binged on drugs, and have visited the SEP at least once weekly. Syringe buying most frequently occurred when the SEP was closed...
  100. pmc Adherence and plasma HIV RNA responses to highly active antiretroviral therapy among HIV-1 infected injection drug users
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 169:656-61. 2003
    ..We evaluated virological responses to HAART among HIV-1 infected patients who were injection drug users (IDUs) in a population-based setting where HIV/AIDS care is delivered free of charge...
  101. ncbi request reprint Sociodemographic disparities in access to addiction treatment among a cohort of Vancouver injection drug users
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Subst Use Misuse 40:1153-67. 2005
    ..These findings demonstrate low levels of addiction treatment among Vancouver IDUs and suggest that programs may need to be targeted towards specific populations with poor access...