Mattia Calzolari



  1. Calzolari M, Bonilauri P, Bellini R, Caimi M, Defilippo F, Maioli G, et al. Arboviral survey of mosquitoes in two northern Italian regions in 2007 and 2008. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2010;10:875-84 pubmed publisher
  2. Calzolari M, Bonilauri P, Bellini R, Albieri A, Defilippo F, Maioli G, et al. Evidence of simultaneous circulation of West Nile and Usutu viruses in mosquitoes sampled in Emilia-Romagna region (Italy) in 2009. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e14324 pubmed publisher
    ..albopictus mosquito in USUV cycle. The described mosquito-based surveillance could constitute the foundation for a public health alert system targeting mosquito borne arboviruses. ..
  3. Calzolari M, Gaibani P, Bellini R, Defilippo F, Pierro A, Albieri A, et al. Mosquito, bird and human surveillance of West Nile and Usutu viruses in Emilia-Romagna Region (Italy) in 2010. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e38058 pubmed publisher
    ..The output produced by the surveillance system demonstrated its usefulness and reliability in terms of planning public health policies. ..
  4. Montarsi F, Drago A, Martini S, Calzolari M, De Filippo F, Bianchi A, et al. Current distribution of the invasive mosquito species, Aedes koreicus [Hulecoeteomyia koreica] in northern Italy. Parasit Vectors. 2015;8:614 pubmed publisher
    ..koreicus in the next decade. These data can be useful to validate predictive models of potential distribution and dispersal of this species in Italy or in Europe. ..
  5. Calzolari M, Chiapponi C, Bellini R, Bonilauri P, Lelli D, Moreno A, et al. Isolation of three novel reassortant phleboviruses, Ponticelli I, II, III, and of Toscana virus from field-collected sand flies in Italy. Parasit Vectors. 2018;11:84 pubmed publisher
    ..Such a complex situation emphasizes the need for detailed investigations of the biology of these viruses to better characterize their pathogenic potential for mammals, including humans. ..
  6. Calzolari M, Zé Zé L, Ruzek D, Vazquez A, Jeffries C, Defilippo F, et al. Detection of mosquito-only flaviviruses in Europe. J Gen Virol. 2012;93:1215-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Phylogenetic analysis confirmed the close relationship of these putative viruses to other insect-only flaviviruses...
  7. Calzolari M, Bonilauri P, Bellini R, Albieri A, Defilippo F, Tamba M, et al. Usutu virus persistence and West Nile virus inactivity in the Emilia-Romagna region (Italy) in 2011. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e63978 pubmed publisher
    ..Reported results are comparable with a peri-Mediterranean circulation of the West Nile virus lineage 1 related strain, which became undetectable in the environment after two to three years of obvious circulation. ..
  8. Calzolari M, Zé Zé L, Vázquez A, Sánchez Seco M, Amaro F, Dottori M. Insect-specific flaviviruses, a worldwide widespread group of viruses only detected in insects. Infect Genet Evol. 2016;40:381-388 pubmed publisher
  9. Chiari M, Calzolari M, Prosperi A, Perulli S, Faccin F, Avisani D, et al. Surveillance of Mosquitoes and Selected Arthropod-Borne Viruses in the Context of Milan EXPO 2015. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016;13: pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, the surveillance reported a low density of Culex spp. mosquitoes, which all tested negative for WNV. ..

More Information


  1. Calzolari M, Bonilauri P, Bellini R, Becker S, Dottori M. Wide recognition of Culex pipiens and lack of detection of Culex torrentium through biomolecular differentiation of mosquitoes in the Emilia-Romagna region, Northern Italy. Med Vet Entomol. 2016;30:435-438 pubmed publisher
    ..torrentium mosquitoes within the surveyed territory, whereas Cx. pipiens is widely distributed in the area mentioned. This is in line with previous reports, which describe a pre-alpine distribution of Cx. torrentium in Italy. ..
  2. Calzolari M, Chiapponi C, Bonilauri P, Lelli D, Baioni L, Barbieri I, et al. Co-circulation of two Usutu virus strains in Northern Italy between 2009 and 2014. Infect Genet Evol. 2017;51:255-262 pubmed publisher
    ..These factors and the endemization of the Usutu virus in a large area of Europe, sustained by the obtained data, strongly support the need to adequately survey Usutu virus in areas in which its circulation is detected. ..