Cesar Gomes Victora

Summary

Country: Brazil

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Learning from new initiatives in maternal and child health
    Cesar G Victora
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS 96001, Brazil
    Lancet 370:1113-4. 2007
  2. doi request reprint Epidemiology and global policy in child health
    C G Victora
    Postgraduate Programme in Epidemiology, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Public Health 126:220-2. 2012
  3. pmc The role of early life variables on the risk of fractures from birth to early adolescence: a prospective birth cohort study
    P C Hallal
    Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, ZIP 96030 002, Pelotas, Brazil
    Osteoporos Int 20:1873-9. 2009
  4. pmc Breastfeeding and the risk for diarrhea morbidity and mortality
    Laura M Lamberti
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:S15. 2011
  5. pmc Prevalence of smoking and incidence of initiation in the Latin American adult population: the PLATINO study
    Ana M Menezes
    Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    BMC Public Health 9:151. 2009
  6. pmc Late preterm birth is a risk factor for growth faltering in early childhood: a cohort study
    Ina S Santos
    Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Department of Social Medicine, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    BMC Pediatr 9:71. 2009
  7. pmc The Platino project: methodology of a multicenter prevalence survey of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in major Latin American cities
    Ana M B Menezes
    Federal University of Pelotas CEP 96030 000, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
    BMC Med Res Methodol 4:15. 2004
  8. pmc Breastfeeding patterns and exposure to suboptimal breastfeeding among children in developing countries: review and analysis of nationally representative surveys
    Jeremy A Lauer
    Department of Health System Financing, Expenditure and Resource Allocation, World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    BMC Med 2:26. 2004
  9. ncbi request reprint Commentary: child health surveys: the equity dimension
    Cesar G Victora
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, CP 464, 96001 970 Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    Int J Epidemiol 35:1439-41. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint Context matters: interpreting impact findings in child survival evaluations
    Cesar G Victora
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, CP 464, Pelotas RS 96001, Brazil
    Health Policy Plan 20:i18-i31. 2005

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications87

  1. ncbi request reprint Learning from new initiatives in maternal and child health
    Cesar G Victora
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS 96001, Brazil
    Lancet 370:1113-4. 2007
  2. doi request reprint Epidemiology and global policy in child health
    C G Victora
    Postgraduate Programme in Epidemiology, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Public Health 126:220-2. 2012
    ..Focusing on childhood pneumonia, this paper shows how child health has improved considerably as a result of this renewed vigor and international collaboration...
  3. pmc The role of early life variables on the risk of fractures from birth to early adolescence: a prospective birth cohort study
    P C Hallal
    Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, ZIP 96030 002, Pelotas, Brazil
    Osteoporos Int 20:1873-9. 2009
    ..The incidence was 14.2% (95%CI 13.2, 15.2). Male sex, birth length, and maternal age at delivery were positively associated with the risk of fractures...
  4. pmc Breastfeeding and the risk for diarrhea morbidity and mortality
    Laura M Lamberti
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:S15. 2011
    ..We estimate the protective effects conferred by varying levels of breastfeeding exposure against diarrhea incidence, diarrhea prevalence, diarrhea mortality, all-cause mortality, and hospitalization for diarrhea illness...
  5. pmc Prevalence of smoking and incidence of initiation in the Latin American adult population: the PLATINO study
    Ana M Menezes
    Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    BMC Public Health 9:151. 2009
    ..The aim of this paper was to evaluate the prevalence of smoking and incidence of initiation among middle-aged and older adults (40 years or older). Special emphasis was given to the association between smoking and schooling...
  6. pmc Late preterm birth is a risk factor for growth faltering in early childhood: a cohort study
    Ina S Santos
    Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Department of Social Medicine, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    BMC Pediatr 9:71. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the effect of late preterm birth over growth outcomes, assessed when children were 12 and 24 months old...
  7. pmc The Platino project: methodology of a multicenter prevalence survey of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in major Latin American cities
    Ana M B Menezes
    Federal University of Pelotas CEP 96030 000, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
    BMC Med Res Methodol 4:15. 2004
    ..The PLATINO study is aimed at measuring COPD prevalence in major cities in Latin America...
  8. pmc Breastfeeding patterns and exposure to suboptimal breastfeeding among children in developing countries: review and analysis of nationally representative surveys
    Jeremy A Lauer
    Department of Health System Financing, Expenditure and Resource Allocation, World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    BMC Med 2:26. 2004
    ..We describe patterns in 'exclusive breastfeeding' and 'any breastfeeding' rates and quantify exposure to suboptimal breastfeeding among children aged two years or younger in developing countries...
  9. ncbi request reprint Commentary: child health surveys: the equity dimension
    Cesar G Victora
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, CP 464, 96001 970 Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    Int J Epidemiol 35:1439-41. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint Context matters: interpreting impact findings in child survival evaluations
    Cesar G Victora
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, CP 464, Pelotas RS 96001, Brazil
    Health Policy Plan 20:i18-i31. 2005
    ..Two case studies - from Tanzania and Peru - show how appropriate consideration of contextual factors may help explain apparently conflicting evaluation results...
  11. pmc Methodological aspects of the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study
    Cesar Gomes Victora
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    Rev Saude Publica 40:39-46. 2006
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Beware: unnecessary caesarean sections may be hazardous
    Cesar G Victora
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, 96001 970 Pelotas, Brazil
    Lancet 367:1796-7. 2006
  13. ncbi request reprint [North-South relations in scientific publications: editorial racism?]
    Cesar G Victora
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 40:36-42. 2006
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint Commentary: Epidemiology and futurology--why did Rothman get it wrong?
    Cesar G Victora
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, CP 464 96001 970 Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    Int J Epidemiol 36:712-3. 2007
  15. ncbi request reprint Measuring progress towards equitable child survival: where are the epidemiologists?
    Cesar G Victora
    Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Epidemiology 18:669-72. 2007
    ..Key methodologic challenges are discussed, with arguments for greater involvement of epidemiologists in measurement exercise that so far has been led by demographers, statisticians, and economists...
  16. pmc Maternal and child undernutrition: consequences for adult health and human capital
    Cesar G Victora
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Lancet 371:340-57. 2008
    ..Its prevention will probably bring about important health, educational, and economic benefits. Chronic diseases are especially common in undernourished children who experience rapid weight gain after infancy...
  17. pmc Breastfeeding and feeding patterns in three birth cohorts in Southern Brazil: trends and differentials
    Cesar G Victora
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 24:S409-16. 2008
    ..The duration of breastfeeding is still far short of international recommendations, justifying further campaigns. Special attention should be given to low birth weight babies and those from low-income families...
  18. ncbi request reprint [The seven deadly sins of impact evaluations. 2008 SESPAS Report]
    Cesar G Victora
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Brasil
    Gac Sanit 22:1-7. 2008
  19. ncbi request reprint Co-coverage of preventive interventions and implications for child-survival strategies: evidence from national surveys
    Cesar G Victora
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, CP 464, 96001 970 Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    Lancet 366:1460-6. 2005
    ..In most low-income countries, several child-survival interventions are being implemented. We assessed how these interventions are clustered at the level of the individual child...
  20. ncbi request reprint Applying an equity lens to child health and mortality: more of the same is not enough
    Cesar G Victora
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Lancet 362:233-41. 2003
    ..Equity must be a priority in the design of child survival interventions and delivery strategies, and mechanisms to ensure accountability at national and international levels must be developed...
  21. pmc The Pelotas birth cohort study, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, 1982-2001
    Cesar G Victora
    Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, 96001 970, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 19:1241-56. 2003
    ..Some recent results on blood pressure, adolescent pregnancy, and asthma are presented as examples of utilization of the data. Suggestions on lessons learned for other cohort studies are proposed...
  22. doi request reprint Measuring impact in the Millennium Development Goal era and beyond: a new approach to large-scale effectiveness evaluations
    Cesar G Victora
    Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Lancet 377:85-95. 2011
    ..This new approach will promote country ownership, transparency, and donor coordination while providing a rigorous comparison of the cost-effectiveness of different scale-up approaches...
  23. pmc Anthropometry and body composition of 18 year old men according to duration of breast feeding: birth cohort study from Brazil
    Cesar G Victora
    Post Graduate Programme in Epidemiology, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, CP 464, 96001 970, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    BMJ 327:901. 2003
    ..To assess the association between duration of breast feeding and measures of adiposity in adolescence...
  24. ncbi request reprint Achieving universal coverage with health interventions
    Cesar G Victora
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Lancet 364:1541-8. 2004
    ..Strong health systems are required, and the time frames and funding cycles of national and international agencies are often unrealistically short...
  25. doi request reprint Worldwide timing of growth faltering: revisiting implications for interventions
    Cesar Gomes Victora
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Rua Marechal Deodoro 1160, 96020 220, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    Pediatrics 125:e473-80. 2010
    ..Our goal was to describe worldwide growth-faltering patterns by using the new World Health Organization (WHO) standards...
  26. ncbi request reprint Preterm births, low birth weight, and intrauterine growth restriction in three birth cohorts in Southern Brazil: 1982, 1993 and 2004
    Fernando C Barros
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Saúde e Comportamento, Universidade Catolica de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 24:S390-8. 2008
    ..1% in 2004. The increase in preterms could be partially explained by the growing number of pregnancy interruptions, but there must be other causes since this increase was also observed among babies born by non-induced vaginal deliveries...
  27. ncbi request reprint [Anemia in children under six: population-based study in Pelotas, Southern Brazil]
    Maria Cecilia Formoso Assunção
    Faculdade de Nutrição, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 41:328-35. 2007
    ..To assess the prevalence of anemia among children under six years of age in a probabilistic sample from an urban area...
  28. ncbi request reprint Mothers and their pregnancies: a comparison of three population-based cohorts in Southern Brazil
    Ina S Santos
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 24:S381-9. 2008
    ..9% to 8.7%) than among the poorest mothers (from 43.7% to 33.6%). In general terms, between 1993 and 2004 there was a decrease in the prevalence of maternal risk factors for unfavorable perinatal outcomes...
  29. pmc [Monitoring mortality in Pelotas birth cohort from 1982 to 2006, Southern Brazil]
    Bernardo L Horta
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 42:108-14. 2008
    ..To assess mortality in a birth cohort followed between 1982 and 2006 and its associated factors...
  30. ncbi request reprint Maternal-child health in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil: major conclusions from comparisons of the 1982, 1993, and 2004 birth cohorts
    Fernando C Barros
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Saúde e Comportamento, Universidade Catolica de Pelotas, Pelotas, Pelotas, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 24:S461-7. 2008
    ..The existence of three population-based birth cohorts using comparable methodology allowed for the study of important secular trends in maternal and child health...
  31. ncbi request reprint [Prevalence of sedentary lifestyle and associated factors in adolescents 10 to 12 years of age]
    Pedro Curi Hallal
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Cad Saude Publica 22:1277-87. 2006
    ..Effective strategies against sedentary lifestyle in adolescence are needed because of its high prevalence and association with physical inactivity in adulthood...
  32. ncbi request reprint Hospitalizations during infancy in three population-based studies in Southern Brazil: trends and differentials
    Alicia Matijasevich
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 24:S437-43. 2008
    ..These findings could be explained by an epidemic of preterm births in the study population...
  33. ncbi request reprint Infant mortality in three population-based cohorts in Southern Brazil: trends and differentials
    Ina S Santos
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 24:S451-60. 2008
    ..The stabilization of infant mortality in the last decade is likely to be due to excess medical interventions relating to pregnancies and delivery care...
  34. ncbi request reprint Infant malnutrition and obesity in three population-based birth cohort studies in Southern Brazil: trends and differences
    Aluisio J D Barros
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 24:S417-26. 2008
    ..Fighting malnutrition is still necessary among the 40% of the population considered poor, and must be accompanied by efforts to combat overweight which is being observed in all social strata...
  35. ncbi request reprint Perinatal mortality in three population-based cohorts from Southern Brazil: trends and differences
    Alicia Matijasevich
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 24:S399-408. 2008
    ..In conclusion, reductions in perinatal mortality were also seen across all birth weight categories between 1982 and 1993, but the same was not true for the 1993 to 2004 period, when mortality increased in several categories above 2,000g...
  36. ncbi request reprint Undernutrition in early life and body composition of adolescent males from a birth cohort study
    Denise P Gigante
    Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology and Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    Br J Nutr 97:949-54. 2007
    ..Fat:lean mass ratio was associated only with weight-for-height Z score. Our results suggest that undernutrition is not a risk factor for overweight and obesity in our population and may partially protect against fatness in adolescence...
  37. pmc [Education and work in the Pelotas birth cohort from 1982 to 2004-5, Southern Brazil]
    Fernando C Barros
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Saúde e Comportamento, Universidade Catolica de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 42:16-25. 2008
    ..To analyze the influence of biological and socioeconomic factors throughout life on entry into the university and insertion in the work force of young adults from the 1982 birth cohort...
  38. ncbi request reprint Suicide rates in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: association with socioeconomic, cultural, and agricultural factors
    Neice Müller Xavier Faria
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 22:2611-21. 2006
    ..These results confirm the role of socioeconomic determinants of suicide, but do not support the hypothesis of a specific role of agricultural practices...
  39. ncbi request reprint [Effect of iron fortification of flour on anemia in preschool children in Pelotas, Brazil]
    Maria Cecilia Formoso Assunção
    Departamento de Nutricao, Faculdade de Nutrição, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 41:539-48. 2007
    ..Iron fortification of flour has been sanctioned by the Brazilian government since 2004. The objective of the study was to assess the impact of flour fortification on hemoglobin level in children under six...
  40. ncbi request reprint Increase in preterm births in Brazil: review of population-based studies
    Mariângela F Silveira
    Departamento Materno Infantil, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 42:957-64. 2008
    ..The greatest cause of infant mortality in Brazil is perinatal conditions, mostly associated with preterm delivery. The objective of the study was to evaluate the evolution of preterm delivery rates in Brazil...
  41. pmc [Early determinants of blood pressure among adults of the 1982 birth cohort, Pelotas, Southern Brazil]
    Bernardo L Horta
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 42:86-92. 2008
    ..To evaluate the effects of exposure occurring during pregnancy or the first years of life on blood pressure...
  42. pmc [Early determinants of random blood glucose among adults of the 1982 birth cohort, Pelotas, Southern Brazil]
    Bernardo L Horta
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 42:93-100. 2008
    ..To evaluate the effects of socioeconomic variables, birth weight, duration of breastfeeding and income changes on random blood glucose levels among young adults...
  43. pmc Violent delinquency in a Brazilian birth cohort: the roles of breast feeding, early poverty and demographic factors
    Beatriz Caicedo
    Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, RS 96020 220, Brazil
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 24:12-23. 2010
    ..Neither crude nor adjusted analyses showed any association between breast feeding and conviction for violent delinquency. Violent delinquency apparently depends more on social factors than on individual factors such as breast feeding...
  44. ncbi request reprint Infant mortality in Pelotas, Brazil: a comparison of risk factors in two birth cohorts
    Ana Maria Baptista Menezes
    Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 18:439-46. 2005
    ..To compare two population-based birth cohorts to assess trends in infant mortality rates and the distribution of relevant risk factors, and how these changed after an 11-year period...
  45. ncbi request reprint [Implementation of the Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses strategy in Northeastern Brazil]
    João Joaquim Freitas do Amaral
    Departamento de Saúde Materno Infantil, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Ceara, Fortaleza, CE, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 42:598-606. 2008
    ..The article aimed to describe factors associated with the implementation of this strategy in three states of Northeastern Brazil...
  46. doi request reprint Infant feeding and obesity at 11 years: prospective birth cohort study
    Marilda Borges Neutzling
    Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, CEP 96020 220, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    Int J Pediatr Obes 4:143-9. 2009
    ..To evaluate the association between breastfeeding duration, introduction of solid or semi-solid foods before four months of age and overweight/obesity at 11 years...
  47. pmc Global report on preterm birth and stillbirth (4 of 7): delivery of interventions
    Cesar G Victora
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas 96001 970, Brazil
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 10:S4. 2010
    ..The efficacious interventions identified in the previous article of this report will fail unless they are delivered at high and equitable coverage. This article discusses critical delivery constraints and strategies...
  48. pmc Socioeconomic position and overweight among adolescents: data from birth cohort studies in Brazil and the UK
    Alicia Matijasevich
    Post Graduate Programme in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    BMC Public Health 9:105. 2009
    ..The patterns of overweight/obesity differ by age, sex, rural or urban residence and socioeconomic position (SEP) and vary between and within countries...
  49. ncbi request reprint [Trends in the nutritional profile of children born in 1993 in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: longitudinal analyses]
    Denise Petrucci Gigante
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, 96001 970, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 19:S141-7. 2003
    ..The nutritional transition observed in Pelotas requires a paradigm shift in health services, which are still concentrated on detecting and treating malnutrition rather than obesity...
  50. ncbi request reprint Breastfeeding duration and blood pressure among Brazilian adolescents
    Bernardo L Horta
    Post Graduate Programme in Epidemiology, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Brazil
    Acta Paediatr 95:325-31. 2006
    ..To assess the relationship between breastfeeding duration and blood pressure in a large birth cohort of Brazilians followed from birth to adolescence...
  51. pmc [Determinants of early sexual initiation in the Pelotas birth cohort from 1982 to 2004-5, Southern Brazil]
    Helen Goncalves
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 42:34-41. 2008
    ..To analyze social determinants of early sexual initiation among young adults from a birth cohort...
  52. ncbi request reprint Cohort profile: the 1982 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort study
    Cesar G Victora
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Brasil
    Int J Epidemiol 35:237-42. 2006
  53. ncbi request reprint Neonatal mortality: description and effect of hospital of birth after risk adjustment
    Aluisio J D Barros
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 42:1-9. 2008
    ..To assess the effect of hospital of birth on neonatal mortality...
  54. doi request reprint Associated factors and consequences of late preterm births: results from the 2004 Pelotas birth cohort
    Ina S Santos
    Pós graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas UFPel, Pelotas, Brazil
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 22:350-9. 2008
    ..1 [1.7, 14.9] and 2.1 [1.0, 4.6] times higher than that observed among term newborns. In conclusion, in our setting, the prevention of all preterm births must be a priority, regardless of whether early or late...
  55. ncbi request reprint Methods used in the 1982, 1993, and 2004 birth cohort studies from Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, and a description of the socioeconomic conditions of participants' families
    Aluisio J D Barros
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 24:S371-80. 2008
    ..Mothers' levels of education improved markedly. Important changes in the demographic profile of risk factors and health outcomes are being recorded by the Pelotas cohorts...
  56. doi request reprint Changes in physical activity among Brazilian adults over a 5-year period
    Alan Goularte Knuth
    Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    J Epidemiol Community Health 64:591-5. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to document changes in physical activity of Brazilian adults by comparing two surveys carried out 5 years apart...
  57. ncbi request reprint Physical inactivity: prevalence and associated variables in Brazilian adults
    Pedro Curi Hallal
    Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:1894-900. 2003
    ..To measure the prevalence of physical inactivity, and variables associated with it, in an adult southern Brazilian population...
  58. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease according to symptoms and spirometry
    Ana Menezes
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas UFPel, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    COPD 1:173-9. 2004
    ..The fixed ratio criterion is recommended when population-specific reference curves are not available, while the GOLD definition is recommended to evaluate severity of COPD...
  59. pmc Weight gain in childhood and blood lipids in adolescence
    Bernardo L Horta
    Post Graduate Programme in Epidemiology, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    Acta Paediatr 98:1024-8. 2009
    ..To assess the effect of weight gain in childhood on blood lipid levels in adolescence...
  60. ncbi request reprint Breastfeeding and school achievement in Brazilian adolescents
    Cesar G Victora
    Postgraduate Programme in Epidemiology, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, CP 464, 96001 970, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    Acta Paediatr 94:1656-60. 2005
    ..To assess the effect of breastfeeding duration on school achievement in a Brazilian cohort...
  61. ncbi request reprint [Investigation of voiding dysfunction in a population-based sample of children aged 3 to 9 years]
    Denise M Mota
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, RS
    J Pediatr (Rio J) 81:225-32. 2005
    ..To describe voiding patterns and related dysfunctions in a population-based sample of children aged 3 to 9 years...
  62. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic inequities in the health and nutrition of children in low/middle income countries
    Fernando C Barros
    Universidade Catolica de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 44:1-16. 2010
    ..To describe the effects of social inequities on the health and nutrition of children in low and middle income countries...
  63. ncbi request reprint Pregnancy increases BMI in adolescents of a population-based birth cohort
    Denise P Gigante
    Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, CP 464, 96001 970, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    J Nutr 135:74-80. 2005
    ..Given the growing epidemic of obesity in low- and middle-income countries, particularly among women, efforts to reduce teenage pregnancy may also contribute to preventing overweight...
  64. pmc Intergenerational effect of weight gain in childhood on offspring birthweight
    Bernardo L Horta
    Post Graduate Programme in Epidemiology, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    Int J Epidemiol 38:724-32. 2009
    ..However, weight gain in childhood has clear short-term benefits, and the literature on the pro and cons of weight gain in childhood is limited...
  65. ncbi request reprint Early life factors are determinants of female height at age 19 years in a population-based birth cohort (Pelotas, Brazil)
    Denise P Gigante
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, CP 464, 96001 970 Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    J Nutr 136:473-8. 2006
    ..Each 100 g in birth weight was associated with an increase of approximately 0.2 cm in the adolescent's height (P=0.001). The current findings reinforce the importance of early life factors in the determination of adult height...
  66. pmc Recent trends in maternal, newborn, and child health in Brazil: progress toward Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5
    Fernando C Barros
    Postgraduate Course in Health and Behavior, Universidade Catolica de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Am J Public Health 100:1877-89. 2010
    ..Our analysis of Brazil's successes and remaining challenges to reach and surpass Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 can provide important lessons for other low- and middle-income countries...
  67. pmc [Methodology of the Pelotas birth cohort study from 1982 to 2004-5, Southern Brazil]
    Fernando C Barros
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Saúde e Comportamento, Universidade Catolica de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 42:7-15. 2008
    ..To describe the methods employed in the longitudinal and follow-up studies of children born in Pelotas (Southern Brazil) in 1982...
  68. ncbi request reprint [The effects of season at time of birth on asthma and pneumonia in childhood and adulthood in a birth cohort in southern Brazil]
    David Alejandro González
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Rua Marechal Deodoro 1160, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    Cad Saude Publica 24:1089-102. 2008
    ..Hospitalizations in poor children were more frequent, but the effects of seasonality on pneumonia were more evident among the wealthiest...
  69. pmc Consumer demand for caesarean sections in Brazil: informed decision making, patient choice, or social inequality? A population based birth cohort study linking ethnographic and epidemiological methods
    Dominique P Behague
    Department of Social Medicine, Federal University of Pelotas, CP 464 96001 970, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
    BMJ 324:942-5. 2002
    ..To investigate why some women prefer caesarean sections and how decisions to medicalise birthing are influenced by patients, doctors, and the sociomedical environment...
  70. pmc Widening ethnic disparities in infant mortality in southern Brazil: comparison of 3 birth cohorts
    Alicia Matijasevich
    Post Graduation Program in Epidemiology, Department of Social Medicine, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Am J Public Health 98:692-68. 2008
    ..We analyzed trends in mortality among infants born to White and to Black or mixed-race women in 3 population-based cohorts representing all births in 1982, 1993, and 2004 in Pelotas, southern Brazil...
  71. ncbi request reprint Coverage and focus of a cervical cancer prevention program in southern Brazil
    Carlos Alberto Temes de Quadros
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 16:223-32. 2004
    ..To determine the coverage and focus of cervical cancer screening (Pap smears) in a population-based sample in Brazil...
  72. ncbi request reprint [Risk factors associated with hospitalization for bronchiolitis in the post-neonatal period]
    Elaine P Albernaz
    Departamento Materno Infantil, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 37:485-93. 2003
    ..To investigate the relationship between socioeconomic factors, maternal characteristics, breastfeeding, and hospitalization for bronchiolitis in the post-neonatal period...
  73. ncbi request reprint Lactation counseling increases breast-feeding duration but not breast milk intake as measured by isotopic methods
    Elaine Albernaz
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Departamento de Medicina Social, Fragata, RS, Brazil
    J Nutr 133:205-10. 2003
    ..The deuterium dilution technique proved to be a practical means of assessing breast milk intake. Lactation counseling reduced early weaning, but breast milk intake at 4 mo was not affected...
  74. ncbi request reprint High prevalence of asthma in preschool children in Southern Brazil: a population-based study
    Moema N Chatkin
    Department of Clinical Medicine, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Pediatr Pulmonol 35:296-301. 2003
    ..quot; These results highlight the importance of asthma as a public health problem due to its high prevalence, and support the need of intervention programs against preventable risk factors...
  75. ncbi request reprint Determinants of preterm birth: Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, 2004 birth cohort
    Mariângela F Silveira
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 26:185-94. 2010
    ..No association between cesarean section and preterm delivery was found. Further studies are required to understand the causes of the epidemic of preterm births in Brazil...
  76. pmc [Factors associated to leisure-time sedentary lifestyle in adults of 1982 birth cohort, Pelotas, Southern Brazil]
    Mario R Azevedo
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 42:70-7. 2008
    ..To assess factors associated to leisure-time physical activity and sedentary lifestyle...
  77. ncbi request reprint Size at birth and height in early adolescence: a prospective birth cohort study
    Cora L P Araujo
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Cad Saude Publica 24:871-8. 2008
    ..63 cm increase in height at 11 years. The present study shows that birth length is a strong predictor of later height, while the effect of birth weight disappears after adjustment for birth length...
  78. pmc Early determinants of physical activity in adolescence: prospective birth cohort study
    Pedro C Hallal
    Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Duque de Caxias 250 3 piso 96030 002 Pelotas RS, Brazil
    BMJ 332:1002-7. 2006
    ..To examine the effects of early social, anthropometric, and behavioural variables on physical activity in adolescence...
  79. ncbi request reprint [Socioeconomic differentials in performing urinalysis during prenatal care]
    Mariângela F Silveira
    Departamento Materno Infantil, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
    Rev Saude Publica 42:389-95. 2008
    ..The objective of the study was to analyze factors associated to the solicitation of urinalysis during pregnancy...
  80. ncbi request reprint Effect of Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) on health worker performance in Northeast-Brazil
    Joao Amaral
    Departamento de Saúde Materno Infantil, Universidade Federal do Ceara, Fortaleza, Brazil
    Cad Saude Publica 20:S209-19. 2004
    ..We conclude that while there is room for further improvement, IMCI case management training significantly improves health worker performance, and that parts of Brazil that have not yet introduced IMCI should be encouraged to do so...
  81. doi request reprint Poverty, skin colour and HIV infection: a case-control study from southern Brazil
    M F Silveira
    Faculty of Medicine, UFPel, Maternal and Child, Pelotas, Brazil
    AIDS Care 20:267-72. 2008
    ..This is the first Brazilian study using population-based controls to show that both HIV-seropositivity and AIDS are concentrated among young, non-white poor women. It is important to prioritize preventive measures targeting these groups...
  82. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with condom use in women from an urban area in southern Brazil
    Mariângela Freitas da Silveira
    Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Cad Saude Publica 21:1557-64. 2005
    ..This suggests that the group most vulnerable to STDs/AIDS due to lack of condom use is white, adult women, in stable unions, with fewer sexual partners...
  83. ncbi request reprint Risk and prognostic factors for diarrheal disease in Brazilian infants: a special case-control design application
    Sandra Costa Fuchs
    Departamento de Medicina Social, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, 90035 003, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 18:773-82. 2002
    ..Low birth weight, stunting, and lack or breastfeeding acted simultaneously as risk and prognostic factors for diarrhea...
  84. ncbi request reprint [Epidemiological aspects of suicide in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil]
    Stela Nazareth Meneghel
    Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos, Sao Leopoldo, RS, Brazil
    Rev Saude Publica 38:804-10. 2004
    ..To describe epidemiological aspects of suicide mortality in a 10-year time series...
  85. ncbi request reprint Social and biological early life influences on severity of dental caries in children aged 6 years
    Marco Aurelio Peres
    Department of Public Health, Federal University of Santa Catarina, 88010 970 Florianópolis, Brazil
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 33:53-63. 2005
    ..To investigate the relationship between social and biological conditions experienced in very early life and dental caries in children aged 6 years...
  86. ncbi request reprint Reliability and validity of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ)
    Pedro Curi Hallal
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:556. 2004
  87. pmc The relation between family socioeconomic trajectories from childhood to adolescence and dental caries and associated oral behaviours
    Marco Aurelio Peres
    Department of Public Health, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:141-5. 2007
    ..To investigate the influence of family socioeconomic trajectories from childhood to adolescence on dental caries and associated behaviours...